2014 年名词性从句学案 【Learning aims】 1. Master the functions of Noun Clauses. 2. Master the meanings and classifications of the guide words 3. Master the word order, the tenses and mood in the Noun
Clauses. 4. Be able to tell Noun Clauses from other clauses. Ⅰ 用正确的引导词填空并判断各句含有什么从句 1. ________he said at the meeting astonished everybody present. 2. _________ we will go camping tomorrow depends on the weather. 3. ________ you come or not is up to you. 4. _______ he refused my help surprised me greatly. 5. The fire destroyed ________ was in the building. 6. I can’t imagine __________ you can sew these pieces of cloth together without a needle and a thread. 7. I believe _______ you have done your best and ______ things will improve. 8. The trouble was ______ Herry was lost in London and had no money. 9. The question is ________ it is worth doing. 10. The fact ______ she works hard is well-known to us all. 总结引导词的分类及含义:
答案： 1. What 2. Whether 3. That 4. what 5. How 6. that/that 7. whether 8. as if/though 9 that/which 10 that
Ⅱ 综合练习（高考对名词性从句的考点主要有以下几个方面: ） 1)主谓一致 1. What I am considering now ______ the money we need. (is, are) 2. What I say and think _____ no business of yours. (is, are) Summary: 主谓一致：主语从句中 ，谓语动词一般用单数； 2)语序 3.Can you tell me _______ ? A. who is that gentleman B. that gentleman is who C. who that gentleman is 4.The photographs will show you _______ . A. what does our village look like B. what our village looks like C. how does our village look like D. how our village looks like Summary： 所有名词性从句都要求使用陈述语序，即：连接词+主语+谓语+其他 成分
3)时态 5. She remembered the she ________ her wallet at the school gate. A. left B. had left C. leaves D. has left 6. Our physics teacher said that light ______ faster than sound. A. traveled B. travels Summary:如果主句的谓语动词的时态是一般过去时,从句的时态采用过去的某种时态, 但如 果从句描述的是客观事实,从句时态用一般现在时. 4) that 与 what 的区别 7. _______ we can't get seems better than _______ we have. 8. It worried her a bit _______ her hair was turning gray. Summary:what 引导名词性从句时在从句中充当句子成分,如主语,宾语,表语,而 that 则不然, 它在句子中只起连接作用 that 无意义, 后接一个完整的句子。引导主语、表语、同位语从句时不可省略，但在动词 后引导宾语从句时可以省略。但是在介词后的 that 不能省略 5)whether, if 区别 9. If they say you are good, ask yourself ________ it is true. 10. What the doctors really doubt is _________ my mother will recover from the serious disease soon. 5） Summary:whether 与 if 在从句中不作成分，但含有“是否”之意。区别如下： ? if 只用于动词后引导宾语从句， 其它名词性从句用 whether 来引导。 ? 在介词后引导宾语从句时不用 if。 ? 直接与 or not 连用时不用 if。 E.g. I don’t know whether or not you will go. ? 某些动词后面(如 discuss) 只能用 whether, 不用 if。 ? 后接动词不定式 (whether to do sth.) 6)疑问词-ever 与 no matter+疑问词 11. __________ you say is of no use now. (whatever, no matter what) 12. ____________ you say, he won’t listen to you. 13. I believe ________ you say. 14.Please give the book to ____ wins the first prize. (whoever, no matter who) Summary:疑问词-ever 可以引导名词性从句和让步状语从句。 No matter+疑问词只能引导让步状语从句。 7）语气（虚拟语气在名词从句中的应用） 15. He suggested that we _______ (start) the work now. 16. His suggestion is that we ______ (start) the work now. 17. The suggestion that we ______ (learn) English well sounds great. 18. It is important that we _______ (learn) English well . 8)it 作形式主语和形式宾语
19. _____ is a fact that English is being accepted as an international language. 20. _____ is said that he has gone abroad. 21. I feel ______ possible that you will finish the work in a day. 22. I hate _______ when people talk with their mouths full. 9)其它固定句型 23. There is no doubt ________ he will come. 24. There is doubt ________ he will come. 25. The reason _____ he is absent is ______ he is ill. 26. He always eats too much. That’s ______ he is fat now. 27. He is fat. That’s ______ he always eats too much. 28. It’s high time that we ________(have ) class. 29. I would rather you _________ (pass ) the last exam. 30. I wish I _________(can) fly to the moon one day.
答案： 1.that 2. whether 3. Because 4. It 5. (should) make 6. that 7. that 8. what
Ⅲ 用括号内的提示翻译句子 1. 我们学好英语是有必要的。（It+adj+that clause…..） 2. 令人吃惊的是他没有通过考试。(It+n+that clause….) 3. 我突然想起把钥匙落家里了。(It+不及物动词+that clause) 4. 据报道有一千人死于这次事故中。（It+PP+that clause…..） 5. 众所周知，他是因为他的电影而出名的。 6. 他不能赶上早班车的原因是因为他起来晚了。（The reason why/for which ….is that…） 7．他坚持要我们跟他一起去。（insist-that clause） 8.我们该开始工作了。（It’s time that sb did sth.） Ⅳ 语法填空 An English proverb says 1_______time is money. But I doubt 2______ it is really true or not. In my opinion, time is even more precious than money. Why? 3____when money is spent, we can earn it back. However, when time is gone, it will never return. _4___ is known to all that the time we can use is limited. Therefore my suggestion is that we 5______ (make) full use of our time to study hard so as to serve our country in the future. But it is a pity 6_______ there are a lot of people who do not realize that time is of great valu e and 7_____ wasting time is equal to wasting their life. They spend their precious time smoking, drinking and playing. In a word, we should form the good habit of saving time. Do not put off 8_____ can be
done today till tomorrow. Ⅴ 基础写作(用尽可能多的名词性从句翻译下面短文) 众所周知，书籍教我们学习人生，真理，科学以及其它许多有用的东西。它们增加我们的知 识，扩大我们的心胸并加强我们的品格。换句话说，它们是我们的良师益友。这是为什么我 们的父母终是鼓励我们要多读书的理由。 读书是一好事，但我们必须多加注意书的选择。不错，我们能从好书中获得益处。然而， 坏书却对我们有害无益. _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ Ⅵ 高考链接—名词性从句 （2011北京卷）22. __________ Barbara Jones offers to her fans is honesty and happiness. A. Which B. What C. That D. Whom （2011北京卷）31. The shocking news mad me realize ________ terrible problems we would face. A. what B. how C. that D. why (2011上海卷) 35. There is clear evidence _____ the most difficult feeling of all to interpret is bodily pain. A. what B. if C. how D. that (2011上海卷) 38. The message you intend to convey through words may be the exact opposite of _____ others actually understand. A. why B. that C. which D. what （2011山东卷） 26. I am afraid he’s more of a talker than a doer, which is ______ he never finishes anything. A. that B. when C. where D. why （2011山东卷）33.We’ve offered her the job, but I don’t know______ she’ll accept it. A. where B. what C. whether D. which （2011江西卷）26. The villagers have already known ______ we’ll do is to rebuild the bridge. A. this B. that C. what D. which （2011江苏卷）26. It was never clear _______ the man hadn’t reported the accident sooner. A. that B. how C. when D. why （2011安徽卷） His writing is so confusing that it’s difficult to make out _____it is he is trying 33. to express. A. that B. how C. who D. what （2011四川卷）10. Our teachers always tell us to believe in ________ we do and who we are if we want to succeed. A. why B. how C. what D. which （2011辽宁卷）23. Twenty students want to attend the class that aims to teach ______ to read
first. A. what B. who C. how D. why （2011辽宁卷）32. When the news came _____ the war broke out, he decided, to serve in the army. A. since B. which C. that D. because （2011天津卷）13. Modern science has given clear evidence ______ smoking can lead to many diseases. A. what B. which C. that D. where （2011陕西卷）15.I’d like to start my own business–that’s ____ I’d do if I had the money. A. why B. when C. which D. what （2011重庆卷）22. It is still under discussion __________the old bus station should be replaced with a modern hotel or not. A. whether B. when C. which D. where （2011重庆卷）34. It is not always easy for the public to see _______ use a new invention can be of to human life. A. whose B. What C. which D. That (2011湖南卷)31. Before a problem can be solved, it must be obvious ______the problem itself is. A. what B. that C. which D. why (2012 全国卷 I)24. It is by no means clear _______ the president can do to end the strike. A. how B. which C. that D. what (2012 北京卷)24. Jerry did not regret giving the comment but felt ______ he could have expressed it differently. A. why B. how C. that D. whether (2012 上海卷)34. There is much truth in the idea _ kindness is usually served by frankness. A. why B. which C. that D. whether (2012 上海卷)38. — We've only got this small bookcase. Will that do? — No, I am looking for is something much bigger and stronger. A. who B. that C. what D. which (2012 天津卷)9. It doesn’t matter _________you turn right or left at the crossing —both roads lead to the park. A. whether B. how C. if D. when (2012 江苏卷) 27. The notice came around two in the afternoon ________ the meeting would be postponed. A. when B. that C. whether D. how (2012 安徽卷)27. The limits of a person’s intelligence, generally speaking, are fixed at birth, but ________ he reaches these limits will depend on his environment. A. where B. whether C. that D. why (2012 湖南卷)26. Everyone in the village is very friendly. It doesn’t matter ________ you have lived there for a short or a long time. A. why B. how C. whether D. when (2012 福建卷)35.We promise _____attends the party a chance to have a photo taken with the movie star. A. who B. whom C. whoever D. whomever
(2012 陕西卷)20. As many five courses are provided, and you are free to choose ______ suits you best. A whatever B. whichever C. whenever D. wherever (2012 山东卷)21. When you are done with the book, just give it to Lucy or Helen or __________. A. whoever B. wherever C. whatever D. however (2012 山东卷)25. It doesn’t matter ________ you pay by cash or credit card in this store. A. how B. whether C. what D. why (2012 重庆卷)34. Evidence has been found through years of study ________ children’s early sleeping problem likely to continue when they grow up. A. why B. how C. whether D. that (2012 四川卷)17. Scientists study ________ human brains work to make computers. A. when B. how C. that D. whether (2012 江西卷)25．It suddenly occurred to him he had left his keys in the office. A．whether B．where C．which D．that
(2012 浙江卷)4.I made a promise to myself______ this year, my first year in high school, would be different. A. Whether B. what C. That D. how (2012 辽 宁 卷 )34. The newcomer went to the library the other day and searched for he could find about Mark Twain. A. wherever B. however C. whatever D. whichever (2013 新课标 1 )Police have found ______ appears to be the lost ancient statue. A. which B. where C. how D. what （2013 北京卷） 31. makes the book so extraordinary is the creative imagination of the writer. A. That B. What C. Who D. Which （2013 北京卷）33.Experts believe people can waste less food by shopping only when it is necessary. A. why B. where C. that D. what （2013 天津卷）15. I want to tell you is the deep love and respect I have for my parents. A. That B. Which C. Whether D. What （2013 上海卷）33. I have no idea ________ the cell phone isn’t working, so could you fix it for me? A. what B. why C. if D. which （2013 上海卷）40. Some people care much about their appearance and always ask if they look fine in ________ they are wearing. A. that B. what C. how D. which （2013 重庆卷）28. struck me most in the movie was the father’s deep love for his son. A. That B. It C. What D. Which （2013 湖南卷）28. Do not let any failures discourage you, for you can never tell ________ close you may be to victory. A. how B. that C. which D. where (2013 江西卷）30. _______ one of you breaks the window will have to pay for it.
A. Whoever B. Whatever C. Whichever D. Wherever. （2013 山东卷）30. It’s good to know _______ the dogs will be well cared for while we’re away. A. what B. whose C. which D. that （2013 安徽卷）21.From space, the earth looks blue. This is about seventy-one percent of its surface is covered by water. A. why B. how C. because D. whether （2013 陕西卷）20.It remains to be seen_______ the newly formed committee's policy can be put into practice. A .that B. which C. what D. whether （2013 四川卷）6. _______ you said at the meeting describes a bright future for the company. A. When B. How C. What D. That （2013 浙江卷）16. The only way to succeed at the highest level is to have total belief ________ you are better than anyone else on the sports field. A. how B. that C. which D. whether
【完善背诵】 ―We are reading the first verse of the first chapter of a book whose pages are infinite...‖ I do not know who wrote those words, but I have always liked them as a reminder that the future can be anything we want to make it. We can take the mysterious, hazy future and carve out of it anything that we can imagine, just as a sculptor carves a statue from a shapeless stone. We are all in the position of the farmer. If we plant a good seed, we reap a good harvest. If our seed is poor and full of weeds, we reap a useless crop. If we plant nothing at all, we harvest nothing at all. I want the future to be better than the past. I don't want it contaminated by the mistakes and errors with which history is filled. We should all be concerned about the future because that is where we will spend the remainder of our lives. The past is gone and static. Nothing we can do will change it. The future is before us and dynamic. Everything we do will affect it. Each day brings with it new frontiers, in our homes and in our business, if we only recognize them. We are just at the beginning of the progress in every field of human endeavor. ―我们正在读一本书的第一章第一节，这本书的页数是无限的……‖ 我不知道是谁写的，可我很喜欢这句话，它提醒我们未来是由自己创造的。我们可以 把神秘、 不可知的未来塑造成我们想象中的任何模样， 犹如雕刻家将未成形的石头刻成雕像。 我们每个人都像是农夫。洒下良种将有丰收，播下劣种或生满野草便将毁去收成。没 有耕耘则会一无所获。 我希望未来比过去更加美好，希望未来不会沾染历史的错误与过失。我们都应举目向 前，因我们的余生要用未来书写。 往昔已逝，静如止水；我们无法再作改变。而前方的未来正生机勃勃；我们所做的每一件事 都将会影响着它。只要我们认识到这些，无论是在家中还是在工作上，每天我们的面前都会 展现出新的天地。在人类致力开拓的每一片领域上，我们正站在进步的起跑点。