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一、冠词概述 冠词是虚词,它不能单独使用。只能附在一个名词上说明这个名词。冠词分为不定冠 a(an)词和定冠词 the。不定 冠词一般表示泛指;定冠词一般表示特指。 二、不定冠词 a(an)的用法 A. 不定冠词 a(an)用于单数可数名词前。 a 用于辅音字母开始的词前; an 用于元音字母开始的词前。 如: a girl an English book B. 不定冠词用来表示类别,指某一类人或某一类事物中的一个(泛指)。如: His father is a doctor. I work in a middle school in Beijing. C. 不定冠词用于单数可数名词前,可以表示其全类(泛指)。如: An English teacher teaches the students how to learn English. 三、定冠词 the 的用法 ① 表示上文提到过的人或事物。 如:He bought an English-Chinese dictionary this morning. The dictionary is very good. ② 用于单数可数名词前,表示整体或类别。 如:The panda is a rare animal. 此句等于:A panda is a rare animal. = Pandas are rare animals. ③ 用来表示世界上独一无二的事物。如:the sun, the moon, the sky, the earth, the world ④ 用于表示阶级、党派的名词前。如:the Chinese Communist Party, the working class the proletariat 无产阶级 ⑤ 常用于含有普通名词或形容词的专有名词前。 A. 用于许多江海,山脉,群岛等名词前:The Yellow River The East Sea the Himalayas the Pacific Ocean B. 用于由普通名词构成的国名: The People’s Republic of China the United States C. 用于机关、团体、朝代、时代、报刊杂志等名词前: the United Nations the State Council the Tang dynasty the People’s Daily the Summer Palace the Peace Hotel the British Museum ⑥ 用于表示方位的名词前。 如:the east the southwest the middle the Far East on the left ⑦ 用于乐器名词前,但汉语拼音的乐器前不用冠词。 如:play the piano play the violin play erhu ⑧ 用于复数的姓氏前,表示两夫妇或全家,在此情况下,这类名词作复数对待。 如:When we got there, the Lius were waiting for us. The Smiths watch TV every day. ⑨ 用于某些形容词或过去分词前,表示一类人或事物。 如:the poor the rich the living the young the wounded the oppressed the beautiful ⑩ 用在形容词的最高级前或序数词前。 如:Shanghai is the biggest city in china. After the game, the first thing they wanted to do was to take a hot bath.四、零冠词用法 ① 表示某一类人或事物的复数名词前,不用冠词。 Now people are living a happy life. Trees are planted everywhere. ② 不含普通名词的专有名词,表示泛指的物质名词和抽象名词前,不用冠词。 We are studying English. He is leaving for America this year. It is pleasant to walk in soft snow. Love is always stronger than hatred. ③ 名词前有指示代词、物主代词、不定代词或名词所有格修饰,不用冠词。 I like this picture better. Is that your book? Take their chairs away! I do not have any money on me. As time went on, Einstein’s theory proved to be correct.

季节、月份、星期等名词前,一般不用冠词。 She likes spring while I like summer. We have no classes on Saturday. The Long March started in October 1934. ⑤ 表示只有一人担任的职务、头衔的名词前,不用冠词。 We have elected him our monitor. ⑥ 三餐饭的名词前,一般不用冠词。 When do you have lunch? After supper we usually take a walk. ⑦ 节假日等名词前,不用冠词。 Children all wear their best clothes on National Day. People give gifts to each other on Christmas Day. 注意:在 eve 后有 of 短语则要加定冠词: on the eve of National Day on the eve of New Year’s Day ⑧ 球类和棋类运动的名词前,不用冠词。 play basketball play chess ⑨ 作表语用表示程度的形容词最高级前,不用冠词。 Your help was most timely. This method is most effective. 注意:如果有比较范围,形容词最高级前必须加定冠词: Of all methods, this is the most effective. ⑩ 在某些固定词组里,名词前不用冠词。 on foot by train/ boat / plane… in fact as a matter of fact in class in church in danger in hospital in town in bed at home at school at daybreak at sunrise at dusk at sunset at night at noon go to school go to class go to bed from morning till night from victory to victory from door to door 五、注意事项 ① 当 man 作人类讲时,用零冠词。 Man will conquer nature. ② 某些抽象名词具体化时是可数名词,其前可加 a。surprise, fire, joy, He is a success as a teacher. Long Jing is a famous tea in China. ③ a 用于姓氏前表示某个只知道名字而不不熟悉的人。 A Mr Liu is waiting to see you outside. ④ 在某些句型中可加 a It is a pity that you have missed the chance. It is a shame / a pleasure / a honour for sb. to do sth. ⑤ word 作消息讲时,用零冠词。 Word came that he would go abroad. 1. The two were like ___ teacher and ___ student though they were the same age. A. /; the B. /; / C. the; the D. a; a 2. Many people agree that ___ knowledge of English is a must in ___ international trade. A. a; / B. the; a C. the; the D. /; the 3. ——Have you seen ___ pen? I left it here this morning. ——Is it ___ black one? I think I saw it somewhere. A. a; the B. the; the C. the; a D. a; a 4. Paper money was in ___ use in China when Marco polo visited the country in ____ thirteen century. A. the; / B. the; the C. /; the D. /; / 5. Most animals have little connection with ___ animals of ____ different kind unless they kill them for food. A. the; a B. /; a C. the; the D. /; the 6. Jumping put of ___ airplane at ten thousand feet is quite ____ exciting experience. A. /; the B. /; am C. an; an D. the; the 7. The sigh reads “In case of ___ fire, break the glass and push ___ red button.”

A. /; a B. /; the C. the; the D. a; a 8. When you come here for your holiday next time, don’t go to ___ hotel; I can find you ___ bed in my flat. A. the; a B. the; / C. a; the D. a; / 9. Alexander Graham Bell invented ___ telephone in 1876. A. / B. a C. the D. one 10. Wouldn’t it be ___ wonderful world if all nations lived in ___ peace with one another? A. a, / B. the, / C. a, the D. the, the 11. She is __ new comer to ___ chemistry but she has already made some important discoveries. A. the, the B. the, / C. a, / D. a, the 12. Many people are still in ___ habit of writing silly thing in ____ public places. A. the, the B. /, / C. the, / D. /, the 13. It is not rare in ___ that people in ___ fifties are going to university for further education. A. 90s, their B. the 90s, C. 90’s, their D. the 90s, their 14. Four of Robert’s children were at the party, including ____, Luke. A. the oldest B. an oldest one C. the old D. an old one 15. From ___ serious look on his face, I knew that he brought ____ news of great importance A the, a B / , / C the, the D the, / 16. Tom owns ___ larger collection of ___ books than any other student in our class. A. the; 不填 B. a; 不填 C. a; the D. 不填; the 17. If you buy more than ten, they knock 20 pence off ____. A. a price B. price C. the price D. prices 18. When we got into ____ trouble, ___ number of people came to help me. A. the; the B. a; a C. /; a D. /; the 19. For a long time they walked without saying ____ word. Jim was the first to break ___ silence. A. the; a B. a; the C. a; / D. the; / 20. Father often says to me “Be ____ honest boy today and ___ useful man tomorrow.” A. a; a B. an; an C. a; an D. an; a 21. What ___ honest boy your son is and what ___ fun he is. A. a; a B. a; / C. an; a D. an; / 22. When he left ___ college, he got a job as ___ reporter in a newspaper office. A. 不填; a B.不填; the C. a; the D. the; the 23. ___ rich used to look down upon _____ poor. A. The; 不填 B. The; the C. A; a D. A; the My Favourite Sport My favourite sport is football.I was a member of our school football team.We practise for three times every week and often watch football match on TV together.Play football not only makes us grow up tall and strong but also give us a sense of fair play and team spirit.We must keep in mind that we play for the team instead ourselves.Also,the sport teaches us the important of obedience (服从).Each player must obey captain,who is the leader of the team.And they must not break the rules too often if we want to win the game.

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