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# 安徽省马鞍山二中2011-2012学年高一第二学期开学考试英语试卷

A. came true B. took off C. paid off D. showed up 第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 请认真阅读下面各题，从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项。 Learn and Earn Charlie and Jackie joined a wholesale (批发)company together just after graduation. They both worked very hard. After several years, the boss made Jackie sales manager but Charlie __36__ a salesman. One day Charlie could not __37__ it any more. He handed in his resignation letter (辞职信) to the boss and complained that the boss did not __38__ hard-working employees, but only raised those who tried to please him. He thought that it was really __39___. The boss knew that Charlie had spared no __40__ for the company all these years, but in order to help Charlie to realize the __41__ between him and Jackie, the boss asked Charlie to do the following. “Go and __42__ if there is anyone selling watermelons in the market.” Charlie went, returned and __43__ said, “Yes.” The boss asked, “How much per kilogram?” Charlie went back to the market to ask and returned to __44__, “\$ 12 per kg.” The boss told Charlie that he would ask Jackie the __45__ question. Jackie went, returned and said, “Boss, only one person selling watermelons. \$ 12 per kg, \$ 100 for 10 kg. He has a __46__of 340 melons. On the table are 58 melons, and every melon weighs about 15 kg, __47__ from the South two days ago. They are fresh, red, and of good __48__.” Charlie was __49___ and he realized the difference between himself and Jackie. He decided not to __50__ but to learn from Jackie. My dear friends, you know, a more __51__ person is more observant, thinks more and understands in __52__. For the same matter, he sees several years ahead, __53__ you see only tomorrow. The difference between a year and a day is 365 times, so how could you __54__ ? Think: how far have you seen ahead in your life? How __55__ are you? 36. A. made B. became C. remained D. kept 37. A. take B. do C. get D. put 38. A. enjoy B. meet C. repay D. value 39. A. unusual B. unfair C. careless D. selfless 40. A. rest B. trouble C. effect D. effort 41. A. competition B. relationship C. difference D. distance 42. A. find out B. carry out C. look out D. pick out 43. A. still B. again C. even D. only 44. A. offer B. answer C. remind D. repeat 45. A. difficult B. familiar C. same D. simple 46. A. total B. lot C. pile D. number 47. A. taken B. come C. bought D. heard 48. A. value B. quality C. condition D. shape 49. A. struck B. moved C. puzzled D. encouraged 50. A. stay B. stop C. work D. leave 51. A. important B. intelligent C. successful D. hardworking 52. A. time B. depth C. need D. common 53. A. while B. though C. unless D. since 54. A. see B. think C. know D. win

55. A. hopeful

B. thoughtful

D. meaningful

A.
Hillary Diane Clinton arrived at the White House after serving as First Lady of Arkansas for twelve years. During that time she worked as a full-time partner of a law firm, chaired an education committee that set public school standards in Arkansas, managed a home, and cared for her husband and child.

Hillary Diane Rodham, daughter of Hugh and Dorothy Rodham, was born in Chicago, Illinois, on October 26, 1947. She and her younger two brothers grew up in Park Ridge, Illinois, as a close-knit family. As an excellent student, she was also a Girl Scout and a member of the local Methodist youth group. Hillary also enjoyed sports and was always interested in politics. She entered Wellesley College in 1965. Graduating with high honors, she moved on to Yale Law School, where she served on the Board of Editors of the Yale Review of Law and Social Action. While at Yale, she developed her special concern for protecting the best interests of children and their families. It was there that she met Bill Clinton, a fellow student. In 1973, Hillary became a lawyer for the Children?s Defense Fund. In 1975 Hillary left Washington and followed her heart to Arkansas（阿肯色州）, marrying Bill Clinton. The couple taught together in the University of Arkansas. Their daughter, Chelsea, was born in 1980. As First Lady of Arkansas, Hillary continued to work tirelessly on behalf of children and families. In addition to chairing the Arkansas Education Standards Committee, she founded the Arkansas Advocates for Children and Families. She introduced a pioneering program called Arkansas Home Instruction for Preschool Youth, which trained parents to work with their children in preschool preparedness and literacy. Hillary also served on the board of the Arkansas Children's Hospital. In recognition of her professional and personal accomplishments, Hillary was named Arkansas Woman of the Year in 1983 and Arkansas Mother of the Year in 1984. Women?s International Center proudly presents the Living Legacy Award to Hillary Rodham Clinton for her vast contributions in so many fields, especially honoring her work for women and children. 56. Hillary did all the following things before going to college EXCEPT . A. joining the local Methodist youth group B. taking an active part in sports C. showing great interest in politics D. beginning to care for the interests of children 57. The topic sentence of the fourth paragraph is . A. sentence 1 B. sentence 2 C. sentence 4 D. sentence 5 58. What is the main reason why Hillary won the Living Legacy Award?

A. Her being Arkansas Woman of the Year in 1983. B. Her tireless work for woman and children. C. Graduating with high honors from Yale. D. Being a perfect wife and caring for her child 59. What do we know about Hillary from this passage? A She and Bill Clinton were schoolmates at Yale. B. She was in her thirties when she married Bill Clinton. C. She has been a full-time lawyer for more than 20 years. D. She once worked as a doctor in the Arkansas Children?s Hospital. B. We can offer you a place at one of the best universities in Britain. We?ll provide you with a choice of 150 first class courses developed especially to enable you to study in your own time, backed by the Open University?s own special study method—OU supported open learning. We?ll give you the support of a personal teacher, and the chance to meet your fellow students. You can take one-off courses, diplomas (毕业证), a degree（学位） or a postgraduate degree. Subjects available include: computing, business management, technology, modern languages, social sciences, English law, arts, science, mathematics, education and health﹠social welfare.
Did you know? ●The OU is in the top 15% of all UK universities for teaching quality ●25% of all British MBAs come from the OU ●Over 30,000 employers have offered chances to their staff on OU courses ●40,000 OU students are on line from home ●There are 9 -month courses and new diplomas as well as degrees

Whether you want to study to improve your jobs or for your own personal interest, there?s almost certainly a course for you. If you haven?t studied for a while, we?ll help you get started. No previous training or degrees are required, you just need a lively power of learning and a willingness to learn. It?s real value for money and you can pay by monthly payments. Open University course materials are of the highest quality and come in a variety of forms, including video and audio tapes as well as texts. The OU leads the world in its use of new technology for learning. A number of courses provide source material on CD Rom. What else can the Open University offer you? The best way to find out is to use the coupon below or phone us today.

Send for your free instructions now Send to: The Open University, PO Box 625, Milton Keynes MK7 6AA U99LX □Please send me a copy of the Courses, Diplomas and RA/BSc Degree instructions □Please send me a copy of the postgraduate instructions □Tick here if you have contacted the OU in the past □Title _________Initials____________ Surname___________ Address ____________________________________ Post code__________ Tel. ________ Date of Birth _________/__________/19_________ OU Hotline (24/hours ) 0870 9000 301 Website: www. open.ac.uk/advert/

60. This is an advertisement of ___________. A. inquiring(询问) English learning B. setting Open University C. introducing famous teachers D. attracting students 61. As a student of the Open University, you don?t need to ________. A. buy any course materials B. have lessons all the time at the university C. choose which course to learn D. pay any money for your study 62. The Open University can supply you with _________. A. a course for training your English B. a classroom and a library for study C. different kinds of free instructions D. different jobs to choose from 63. We can learn from the text that ________. A. OU courses are popular in Britain B. money for learning must be paid off at one time C. we can?t telephone the university during the night D. people can?t be employed without finishing OU courses C. Taxes, Taxes and More Taxes Americans often say that there are only two things a person can be sure of in life: death and taxes. Americans do not have a corner on the “death” market, but many people feel that the United States leads the world with the worst taxes. Taxes consist of the money which people pay to support their government. There are generally three levels of government in the United States: federal (联邦), state, and city; therefore, there are three types of taxes. Salaried people who earn more than a few thousand dollars must pay a certain percentage of their salaries to the federal government. The percentage varies (变化) form person to person. It depends on their salaries. The federal government has a graduated income tax, that is, the percentage of the tax (14 to 70 percent) increases as a person?s income increases. With the high cost of taxes people are not very happy on April 15, when the federal taxes are due. The second tax is for the state government: New York, California, North Dakota, or any of the other forty-seven states. Some states have an income tax similar to that of the federal government. Of course, the percentage for the state tax is lower. Other states have a sales tax,

which is a percentage charged to any item(项目) which you buy in that state. For example, a person might want to buy a packet of cigarettes for twenty -five cents. If there is a sales tax of eight percent in that state, then the cost of the cigarettes is twenty-seven cents. This figure includes the sales tax. Some states use income tax in addition to sales tax to raise their revenues (财政收 入) . The state tax laws are diverse (多样的) and confusing. The third tax is for the city. This tax comes in two forms: property tax (people who own a home have to pay taxes on it) and excise tax（特许权税）, which is charged on cars in a city. The cities use these funds (资金) for education, police and fire departments, public works and municipal (市政的) buildings. Since Americans pay such high taxes, they often feel that they are working one day each week just to pay their taxes. People always complain about taxes. They often protest that the government uses their tax dollars in the wrong way. They say that it spends too much on useless and impractical programs. Although Americans have different views on many issues, they tend to agree on one subject: taxes are too high. 64. How do you understand the sentence “Americans do not have a corner on the ?death? market”?
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A. It means that Americans, just like all other people, must die. B. It means that Americans do not have a secret place to keep from death in their life. C. It means that Americans are not good at doing business in the death market. D. It means that there is no such place as a death market in the U. S . 65. Why should the American people usually pay three types of taxes? A. There are three levels of government—federal, state and city—to support the United States. B. There are three kinds of taxes to pay. They are graduated income tax, sales tax and property tax. C. They earn different salaries: high, middle, and low. D. Tax laws in different states are different. 66. What does the title “Taxes, Taxes, and More Taxes” imply? A. Americans are not satisfied with the three types of taxes. B. The three levels of government do not use the taxes in a right way. C. Americans complain that taxes are too high. D. Americans? taxes are diverse and confusing. D. Breathe, wave and smile. Along with more than 300 other seniors, I marched into the stadium on the afternoon of May 10. The audience burst into deafening cheers. The huge stadium shook with all the whistling and clapping. It was as if a Hollywood superstar had walked on stage. And indeed, every single senior that day was a star of the moment. Each deserved it. The seniors had been preparing for four years for this once-in-a-lifetime moment—the commencement. Seated, I waited anxiously for the opening address. As a foreign exchange student, I was not able to receive a diploma. However, I still had the wonderful feeling of being part of things. Like the other graduates, I was dressed in marron cap and gown(方帽长袍). Our principal, Mr. Glover, delivered a short, warm greeting. The US national anthem followed and then, hands on chests, a solemn Pledge of Allegiance(对美国的忠孝宣誓). Students who had excelled academically gave farewell speeches. The tears in some eyes

convinced me that many had deep feelings about the occasion. It was as the class motto says, “Life brings us tears, smiles and memories. The tears dry; the smiles fade; but the memories last forever.” Then came the core (核心) of the commencement. Hundreds of names were announced. Each graduate walked across the stage to receive his or her diploma from the principal. From the different cheers each graduate got, we had the funny sense that it was a kind of competition of who could cheer the loudest. To be honest, the presentation of diplomas got boring. A girl sitting next to me even started yawning. But it wasn?t boring for those receiving the diploma: they would treasure the moment the principal placed the sacred brown document in their hands for the rest of their lives. A new page in the book of that person?s life had turned. They were glimpsing their futures: futures of challenge, hardship, perhaps loneliness too, which would take all of their courage. 67. What?s the article mainly about? A. An American high school?s graduation ceremony. B. The opening ceremony of a sports meeting. C. A presentation of college diplomas. D. A US college?s farewell party. 68. Which of the following statements about the author is FALSE? A. She was one of the graduates. B. She was a foreign exchange student. C. She was excited to receive her diploma. D. She felt it great to be at the ceremony. 69. The right order of the following events is_____________. a. Diplomas were presented to graduates. b. Students gave farewell speeches. c. The US national anthem was played. d. The principal gave a short, warm speech. e. Seniors went into the stadium. A. b,c,a,d,e B. c,d,b,e,a C. d,b,e,a,c D. e,d,c,b,a 70. From the text, we can conclude that_______. A. a diploma ensures a good job B. a diploma guarantees a bright future C. the commencement symbolizes the beginning of a new stage in life D. everyone felt excited at the presentation of the diploma E. As computers become all the more popular in China, Chinese people are increasingly depending on computer keyboards to input Chinese characters. But if they use the computer too much, they may end up forgetting the exact strokes 笔画） each Chinese character when writing （ of on paper. Experts suggest people, especially students, write by hand more. Do you write by hand more or type more? In Beijing, students start using a computer as early as primary school. And computer dependence is more wide-spread among university students. Almost all their homework and essays are typed on a computer. All the students interviewed say they usually use a computer. It's faster and easier to correct if using a computer. And that's why computers are being applied more and more often to modern education. But when people are taking stock in computers increasingly, problems appear. "When I'm writing with a pen, I find I often can't remember how to write a character, though I feel I?m familiar with it."
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"I'm not in the mood to write when faced with a pen and paper." Many students don't feel this is something to worry about. Now that it's more convenient and quick to write on a computer, why bother to handwrite? Many educators think differently. Shi Liwei , the headmaster of a famous primary school in the capital said "Chinese characters enjoy both practical and aesthetic(审美的) value. But those characters typed with computer keyboards only have their practical value. All the artistic beauty of the characters is lost. And handwriting contains the writer's emotion(情绪). Through one's handwriting, people can get to know one's thinking and personality. Beautiful writing will give people a better first impression of them.” To encourage students to handwrite more, many primary schools in Beijing have made writing classes compulsory(必修的)and in universities, some professors are asking students to turn in their homework and essays written by hand. 71.Which of the following can best serve as the title of the passage? A. The Importance of Handwriting and Typing. B. To Type or To Hand Write C. Writing By Computer Will Replace Writing By Hand D. Practical and Aesthetic Value of Chinese Characters. 72.The students interviewed prefer to write using a computer mainly because______. A. they are usually asked to e-mail their homework and Essays B. they can correct the mistakes they make quickly and conveniently C. they find it not easy to remember how to write a character D. computers have become popular in China. 73.. Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE of the advantages of handwriting? A. Handwriting contains the writer's emotion. B. The writer?s thinking and personality are shown in his or her handwriting, C. Handwriting can impress people well and build up one?s self-confidence D. Chinese characters enjoy both practical and aesthetic value. 74. The underlined expression “taking stock in”(Paragraph 4) probably means_____. A. getting bored with B. getting dependent on C. becoming crazy about D. getting curious about 75..We can draw the conclusion from the passage that_______. A. more and more students will give up writing on a computer B. writing by hand will give way to typing by computer one day C. more and more students will pay attention to handwriting D. the typing article better expresses one?s emotion and quality
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82____to do hand-washing

How hand-washing works

1. 更苗条(slim adj. )，更漂亮，更迷人 2. 学习上更自信 1. 浪费时间和金钱 2. 可能会有害身心健康
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