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吉林省吉林市第一中学校高中英语 Unit1 Festivals around the world Section I Warming up and Reading练习


Module 3

Unit 1 Festivals around the world Warming up and Reading

Section I
一、课前预习 I. 词义配对 1. harvest 2. celebration 3. starve 4. origin 5. religious 6. belief 7. arrival 8. independence 9. award 10. admire II.重点短语 1. 发生,举行 2. 古代 3. 要么?要么? 4. 纪念;追念 5. 盛装;打扮;装饰 6. 搞恶作剧;诈骗;开玩笑 7. 期盼;期待;盼望 8. 日夜;昼夜;整天 9. 好像 10. 玩得开心 III.重点句型

A. a strong feeling that sth/sb exists or is true B. to respect sb for what they are or for what they have done C. connected with religion or with a particular religion D. a prize such as money, etc. for sth that sb has done E. to suffer or die because you do not have enough food to eat F. the time of year when the crops are gathered in on a farm, etc G. freedom from political control by other countries H. an act of coming or being brought to a place I. the point from which sth starts; the cause of sth G. a special event that people organize in order to celebrate ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________ ____________________________________

1. Festival ______ ______ ______ celebrate important times of year. 节日就是庆祝一年中重要的时间的日子。 2. Some festivals are held to ______ ______ ______ or to ______ ______ ______, who might return ______ to help______ do harm. 有些节日是为了纪念去世的人或取悦先人,这些人有可能会回到人间给予我们帮助也有可能伤害我们。 3. ______ this important feast day, people eat food ______ ______ ______ ______ skulls and cakes ______ ______ ______ ______. 在这个重要的节庆日子里,人们会吃制成颅骨形状的食物和装点有“骨头”的蛋糕。 4. India has a national festival on October 2 to honour Mohandas Gandhi, ______ ______ ______ helped gain India’s independence from Britain. 印度在 10 月 2 日有个全国性节日,纪念莫汉达斯.甘地,他是帮助印度脱离英国而独立的领袖。 5. The country , ______ ______ cherry tree flowers, ______ ______ ______ it is covered with pink snow. (节日里)整个国度到处是盛开的樱花,看上去就像覆盖了一层粉红色的雪。 二、 重难点剖析 1. They also light lamps and play music because they think that this will lead the ancestors back to earth. 他们也会点起灯笼,奏响乐曲,因为他们认为这样做可以把祖先引回世上。 a) 本句是一个复合句, 其中 because 引导了一个原因状语从句, 在这个原因状语从句中包含了一个 that

引导的宾语从句。 b) Light 为及物动词,意为“点火,点燃,照亮” ,后常接 up,意思是“用灯指引,用灯照路” 。 He lit a match.他划着了一根火柴。 A smile of triumph lit up her face.她的脸上闪耀着胜利的微笑。 The room is brilliantly lighted up and full of guests .房间里灯火辉煌,宾客济济。 c) 其中 lead 是及物动词,意思是“引领,指引” ,其后面 the ancestors 做宾语,介词短语 to earth 做状语,构成 lead?to?的搭配,意思是“指引?到?” The guide led us to the river. 向导带领我们到河边。 The riverside path leads visitors to a small chapel.河边的小路引领访客走向一个小教堂。 lead 有以下用法: (1) lead sb into sth 意思是“导致某人做某事” 。 Her rude words and deeds lead her in/into a great trouble. 她那鲁莽的言行给她带来了巨大的麻烦。 (2)lead sb to do sth 意思是“引导某人做某事” His hobby—running leads him to become an athlete. 他跑步的习惯引领他成为一名运动员。 (3) lead sb (in) doing 意思是“带领某人去做某事” 。 Dr Wu leads his students in researching how the environment pollution influences people’s daily life. 吴博士带领他的学生研究环境污染是如何影响人们的日常生活的。 (4) lead to 意思是“通向;导致” ,其中的 to 在词组中做介词,所以其后应该跟名词或动名词。 This road leads to the hotel. 这条路通往旅店。 Smoking ca n lead to lung cancer. 抽烟能导致肺癌。

归纳总结:
lead 用法: (1) lead sb into sth 意思是“导致某人做某事” 。 (2)lead sb to do sth 意思是“引导某人做某事” (3) lead sb (in) doing 意思是“带领某人去做某事” 。 (4) lead to 意思是“通向;导致” ,其中的 to 在词组中做介词,所以其后应该跟 名词或动名词。

即境活用:
(1) Sam’s eyes __________ when his dad gave him a sports car as a birthday gift. A. came up B. turned up C. showed up D. lit up (2) This path will _________________________ 你走这条路可以到火车站。 (3) What _________________________ the conclusion? 你怎样得出这个结论的? (4) The discovery of new evidence led to ________. A. the thief having caught B. catch the thief C. the thief being caught D. the thief to be caught 2. On this important feast day, people eat food in the shape of skulls and cakes with “bones”

on them. 在这个重要的节庆日子里,人们会吃制成颅骨形状的食物和装点有“骨头”的蛋糕。 a) in the shape of 意思为“以?的形状;以?形式” 。 She is wearing silver pin in the shape of a large bird. 她戴着一枚大鸟形状的银质别针。 There was a big chocolate cake in the shape of a heart on the main table. 在主餐桌上有个心形的大巧克力蛋糕。 b) with “bones” on them 是 “with+宾语+介词短语(宾补) ”的复合结构,做 cakes 的后置定语。 with 的复合结构是由 “with+复合宾语”构成,在句中可以做定语,也可以做状语。 (1) with+宾语+名词/形容词/副词。 He died with his daughter yet a school girl. 他死的时候,他的女儿还是个学生。 We will have an outing tomorrow with weather fine. 如果明天天气好的话,我们要去旅游。 He used to sleep with all the windows open. 他过去常常开着窗户睡觉。 The girl fell asleep with all the lights on. 那个女孩睡着了,灯还亮着。 (2) with+宾语+不定式 With the machine to help us, we could finish the work on time. 由于有机器的帮助,我们能按时完成任务。 I can’t go out with these clothes to wash. 因为有这些要洗,我不能出去。 (3) with+宾语+现在分词/过去分 词。 I’d like to see the new film with time permitting. 如果时间允许,我想看看那部新电影。 With everything done, she went home. 做完一切事情以后,她回家了。 The battle ended with the enemy defeated. 战斗结束了,敌人被打败了。 (4) with+宾语+介词短语。 He sat near the fire with his back to the door. 他坐在炉子旁,背朝着房门。 The teacher came in with a book in his hand. 老师进来了,手里拿着一本书。

归纳总结:
with 的复合结构是由 “with+复合宾语”构成 (1) with+宾语+名词/形容词/副词。 (2) with+宾语+不定式 (3) with+宾语+现在分词/过去分词。 (4) with+宾语+介词短语。

即境活用:
(1) __________ production up by 60%, the company has had another excellent year. A. As B. For C. With D. Through

(2) the murderer was brought in, with his hands _________ behind his back. A. being tied B. having tied C. to be tied D. tied 3. China and Japan have mid-autumn festivals, when people admire the moon and in China, enjoy mooncakes. 中国和日本都有中秋节,在节日里,人们赏月,在中国,人们还吃月饼。 a) 本句是一个复合句,其中 when 引导的非限制性定语从句修饰先行词 mid-autumn festivals。 b) 句中的 admire 是及物动词,意思是 “欣赏” ,admire 还有“赞赏;钦佩;赞美;夸奖”之意。 Visitors to China usually admire our policemen. 来中国旅游的游客通常钦佩我们的警察。 (钦佩) We all admired her for what she had done. 我们对她的所作所为表示赞赏。 (赞赏) Don’t admire yourself in the mirror for such a long time. 你不要对着镜子自我欣赏这么长的时间。 (欣赏) Don’t forget to admire the boy. 不要忘了夸奖那个男孩。 (夸奖) Everyone who has gone to Tian’anmen Square can’t help admiring it. 每个到过天安门广场的人都会禁不住赞美它。 (赞美) admire sb for sth 在某方面钦佩某人 We all admire him for his courage and bravery. 我们都钦佩他的勇气和胆识。 c) 句中的 enjoy 是及物动词,意思是“享受” ,该词还可表示“欣赏;享受;喜爱,享有(利益、权利、 声誉) ” ,后面常接 v-ing、名词或代词做宾语。 I enjoyed reading these books very much. 我很喜欢读这些书。 (喜爱) Greg says he enjoys his new job. 格雷格说他喜欢他的新工作。 (喜爱) We enjoy free medical care. 我们享受免费医疗。 (享有) I enjoy good health.我身体很健康。 (享有)

归纳总结:
admire 意思是 “欣赏;赞赏;钦佩;赞美;夸奖” admire sb for sh 在某方面钦佩某人 enjoy 意思是“欣赏;享受;喜爱,享有(利益、权利、声誉) ” ,后面常接 v-ing、名词或 代词做宾语

即境活用:
(1) I_________ _________ _________ _________ good knowledge of Japanese. 我钦佩他日语方面的丰富知识。 4. The country, covered with cherry tree flowers, looks as though it is covered with pink snow. (节日里)整个国度到处是盛开的樱花,看上去就像覆盖了一层粉红色的雪。 a) 本句是一个复合句。the country 做主语;covered with cherry tree flowers 是过去分词短语做 the country 的后置定语,cover 与 the country 之间存在被动关系,意思是“被樱花所覆盖” ; as though 引导了一个方式状语从句,其中 is covered with 是 cover 的被动语态。 b) cover 在本句中做及物动词,意识是“遮盖,覆盖” ,常与 with 搭配。 (1) cover?with?意为“用?覆盖?.”,其被动语态形式为 be covered with?。 Mary covered her face with her hands. 玛丽用双手捂住脸。 The highway was covered with snow.

高速公路被雪覆盖着。 (2) be covered in “用?填满”,表示动作。 She wore so much jewelry that she seemed to be covered in gold. 她戴了那么多首饰,看上去像是包在金子里似的。 d) 句中的 as though=as if, 两者的意思和用法相同,引导的状语从句谓语多用虚拟语气,表示与事实 相反,有时也用真实语气,表示所说情况是事实或实现可能性较大。常译为“仿佛?似的” , “好像? 似的” 。 They completely ignore these facts as if/ as though they never existed. 他们完全忽略了这些事实,就仿佛它们不存在似的。 He looks as if/ as though he had been hit by thunder. 他那样子就像被雷击了似的。 It looks as if the weather may pick up very soon. 看起来天气很快就会好起来。 He cleared his throat as if to say something. 他清了清嗓子,像是要说什么似的。

归纳总结:
cover ( 1) cover?with?意为“用?覆盖?.” (2) be covered in “用?填满” as though=as if “仿佛?似的” , “好像?似的”

即境活用:
(1) This book is said to be a special one, which _________ m any events not found in other history books. A. writes B. covers C. prints D. reads (2) – May I have a talk with one of your sports reporters? -- Sorry, but all of them are out to _________ the main events of the day. A. get B. find C. cover D. search (3) They are talking so warmly and it looks _________ they had been old friends. A. even if B. if C. as though D. as 三、易错易混知识点 1. happen, take place, break out happen 指事情的发生,往往带有“偶然”或“未能预见”的意思。 take place 多指策划好而发生,没有“偶然”的意味。 break out 指 “ (火灾、战争、疾病)突然发生、爆发” 。

即境活用:
(1) Great changes _____________in my hometown these years. (2) I __________ to know that the meeting will __________ next week. (3) The First World War __________in 1914. (4) Can you tell me how the accident __________? 2. especially, specially especially 是副词,意思是“尤其,特别” ,通常用来对前面所述的事件进一步的说明或补 充。 specially 也是副词,意思是“专门地,特地” ,表示不是为了别的,而是为了?,强调唯 一目的。

即境活用:
(1) He likes all subjects, ____________ English. 他喜欢所有的学科,尤其是英语。 (2) He came here ___________ to say sorry to her. 他特意来这里向她道歉。 (3) She returned to her hometown ______________ to see her sick mother. 她回到家乡专门看望生病的母亲。 3. satisfied, satisfying satisfy 的过去分词 satisfied 和现在分词 satisfying 均可做形容词。satisfied 意思是 “满意的” ,是表达主语内心的感受的,常用人做其主语或修饰表示人的名词。satisfying 意思是 “令人满意的”,常用来修饰表示事物的名词。

即境活用:
(1) We ask all our customers if they are __________ with the service they received. 我们问所有的顾客他们是否对我们的服务感到满意。 (2) Jack was looking for a new and ___________ career. 杰克正在寻找一个新的令人满意的职业。 (3) From his ____________ expression, I know the job is _____________. 从他感到满意的表情上,我知道这份工作还是令人满意的。 4. dress up/ dress/ wear/ have on/ put on dress up 盛装;打扮;装饰 dress 可以表示动作。 “给某人穿衣服”为 dress sb;表示“穿着”的状态用 be dressed in。 have on 和 wear 都表示状态,意为“穿着” ,但 have on 没有进行时。 wear 除了表示“穿”的状态外,还可以表示佩戴(手表、徽章、花儿)及留(头发)或蓄 (胡须) 。 put on 表示“穿”的动作,反义短语为 take off, 意为“脱下” 。

即境活用:
(1) ________ in red, she looks beautiful. 穿着红色的衣服,她看起来很漂亮。 (2) The coat you _________ yesterday was beautiful. 你昨天穿的外衣很漂亮。 (3) LiMei is _________ a yellow dress today. 李梅今天穿着一件黄色连衣裙。 (4) ___________ makes people happy. 穿上盛装使人高兴。 (5) He __________ long hair. 他留着长发。 (6) ____________ your coat. It is cold. 穿上大衣。天冷。 四、课后自测 (一)基础知识自测 I. 单词拼写 1. The proud man said he would rather s_______ than beg for food. 2. What he said couldn’t s________ his parents, so they kept asking him. 3. A boy l_______ us to the old man’s house, so we had no trouble in finding him. 4. He is a famous p________ and his poems are popular with the youth. 5. He g________ his sheep and hurried home.

6. The school was built in ____________(纪念) of the famous doctor. 7. In China, eating dumplings is a ____________(习俗). 8. Do you know when India gained its _______________ (独立) from Britain. 9. Don’t play __________ (诡计)on anyone. 10. He got a lot of __________ (奖状) for his excellent study. II. 用所给短语的正确形式填空 agriculture, decorate, play tricks on, in memory of, look forward to, day and night, as though, dress up, took place, in the shape of 1. You don’t need to ________, just to go to the pub — jeans and a T-shirt will do. 2. The police may never discover what ________ that night, because Mr Smith, the only eyewitness, died last night. 3. I hate the smell of paint when I’m ________. 4. Luckily, help arrived ________ a police officer. 5. It’s acceptable to ________ your friends on April 1st. 6. The government set up a monument ________ the heroes who died in the war. 7. I’m ________ hearing from you. 8. He behaved ________ he hadn’t known anything about it. 9. Those workers worked ________ to finish the task. 10. The country’s economy is mainly ________ and depends on crops like coffee. (二)能力提升自测 I. 单项填空 1. —Can you give an example to show how useful a computer is? —Sure. ___________ people get ___________ information from it every day. A. A large number of; plenty of B. The number of; a lot of C. Lots of; a lot D. Many a; a great deal of 2. He is looking for another job because he feels that nothing he does _______ his boss. A. serves B. satisfies C. promises D. supports 3. _______ our food running out, we had to walk to a village for help. A. Since B. Because C. With D. For 4. Mr. Baker _______ in his old clothes, while his wife ______ a very beautiful skirt. A. dressed; was wearing B. was dressed; was having on C. was dressed; was wearing D. was wearing; was dressed 5. — May I have _______ honor of dining with you ? — Sure , I feel quite honored , because you are _______ honor to our city . A. an ; the B. the ; an C. the ; the D. an ; an 6. He certainly looked the part all right, he thought as he ______ himself in the mirror. A. looked B. showed C. admired D. enjoyed 7. We are all looking forward ______ the Great Wall during the National Day. A. to visiting B. to visit C. for visiting D. for a visit to

8. It looks _______ you are ill. You should go to see the doctor. A. as B. as though C. which 9. _______ it is to go for a picnic on such a fine day! A. What a fun B. What fun C. How funny D. whether

D. How a fun

10. Don’t ______ a trick on the little girl. She is very shy. A. take B. have C. give D. play 11. It is a good habit to _______, for people will always believe in you. A. keep one’s word B. hold one’s breath C. help oneself D. get ready 12. —Many people are in great need of extra food. —Yes. It is a challenge to _____ all their needs. A. satisfy B. gain C. practise D. produce

13. ________ in a white uniform, he looks more like a cook than a doctor. A. Dressed B. To dress C. Dressing D. Having dressed 14. Upon hearing the cry, the teacher rushed out, __________ the dictionary ____________ on the ground and disappeared into the dark. A. let, lay open B. left, lain open C. leaving, laid openly D. left, lying open 15. People are not allowed ____________ in this room, for smoking is bad _____________ people. A. smoking, to (三)智能拓展训练 I.完形填空 B. to smoke, of C. smoking, for D. to smoke, for

When I was a boy, every holiday that I had seemed wonderful. My

1

took me by train or

by car to a hotel by the 2 . All day, I seem to remember, I 3 on the sands with strange 4 children. We made houses and gardens, and 5 the tide destroy them. When the tide went out, we 6 over the rocks and looked down at the fish in the rock-pools. In those days the 7 seemed to shine always brightly 8 the water was always warm. Sometimes we left beach and walked in the country, 9 ruined houses and dark woods and climbing trees. There were 10 in one’s pockets or good places where one could 12 11 ice creams. Each day seemed a lifetime. Although I am now thirty-five years old, my idea of a good

is much the same as it

was. I 13 like the sun and warm sand and the sound of 14 beating the rocks. I no longer wish to 15 any sand house or san d garden, and I dislike sweets. 16 , I love the sea and often feel sand running through my fingers. Sometimes I 17 what my ideal (理想的) holiday will be like when I am 18 . All I want to do then, perhaps, will be to lie in bed, reading books about 19 who make houses and gardens with sands, who watch the incoming tide, who make themselves 20 on too many ices? 1. A. teacher B. parents C. nurse D. younger sister 2. A. sea B. lake C. mountain D. river 3. A. played B. slept C. sat D. stood 4. A. moving 5. A. made 6. A. rolled 7. A. light 8. A. and 9. A. exploring 10. A. sweets 11. A. make 12. A. house 13. A. hardly 14. A. waves 15. A. destroy B. exciting B. brought B. jumped B. sun B. yet B. examining B. sand B. sell B. holiday B. almost B. tides B. fix C. anxious C. watched C. turned C. moon C. but C. repairing C. ice-creams C. buy C. garden C. still C. hands C. use D. nervous D. heard D. climbed D. lamp D. or D. measuring D. money D. offer D. tide D. perhaps D. feet D. build

16. A. But 17. A. wonder 18. A. strong 19. A. children 20. A. happy

B. However B. feel B. weak B. boys B. tired

C. Otherwise C. understand C. young C. girls C. sad

D. Besides D. believe D. old D. grown-ups D. sick

II.单句改错 1. We’ve found English easy to learn it. 2. She looks forward every spring to walk in the flower-lined garden. 3. Peter is a good fun and we all enjoy being with him. 4. He dare not speak English before such a crowd, dare not he? 5. He always keeps his words; he is a man of his word. 6. There are a plenty of eggs in the basket. 7. You like sports, when I like reading. 8. This story reminded me what happened ten years ago. .369 高一英语学科必修三 答案与解析 Section I 一、课前预习 I. 词义配对 1. F 2. G II.重点短语 1. take place 2. ancient times 3. either?or 4. in memory of 5. dress up 6. play a trick on 7. look forward to 8. day and night 9. as through 10. have fun III.重点句型 1.are meant to 2. honour the dead; satisfy the ancestors; either?or 3. On; in the shape of; with “bones” on them. 4. the leader who 5. covered with; looks as though 二、重难点剖析 1. 即境活用: (1) D 由状语从句“他父亲给他一辆跑车作为生日礼物时” ,可判断此处应用表达“高兴”的词语; light up 表示“照亮,点着” ,其引申为“喜形于色” ,其他三 项五次用法。 (2) lead you to the station. (3) led you to (4) C lead to 意为“导致” ,后面接名词或动名词,因此排除 B 项;小偷是被抓的,因此排除 A 项;D 项 表示小偷将被抓住,显然不合题意。故选 C。句意为“新的证据的发现最终导致小偷的被抓” 。 2.即境活用: (1) C up by 60% 做宾语 production 的补足语;而 as 做“随着”意思时是连词,引导的是句子。 (2) D 当分词表示伴随状况时,其主语常常用 with 来引导。由于本句名词“手”与动词“绑”之间是被 动关系,因此用过去分词,选 D。 3.即境活用: (1)admire him for his 4.即境活用: Module 3 Unit 1 Festivals around the world Warming up and Reading

3. E

4. I

5. C

6. A

7. H

8. G

9. D

10. B

(1) B cover 在此为“包含,涵盖” ;write 为“写” ,人做主语;print 为“印刷” , read 为“读” 。 (2) C 在这个句子里,cover 是“报道”的意思。 (3) C 此题的语境是“看上去他们似乎是老朋友” 。 “look as if/as though+ 从句” ,为“看上去似乎” , look 为系动词,as if/ as though 引导的句子在整句中为表语从句。 三、易错易混知识点 1. 即境活用: (1) have taken place (2) happen, take place (3) broke out 2. especially, specially (4) happened

即境活用:
(1) especially (2) specially (3) specially 3.即境活用: (1) satisfied (2) satisfying 4.即境活用: (3) satisfied; satisfying

(1) Dressed (2) had on/wore/were dressed in (3) wearing/dressed in (4) Dressing up (5) wears (6) Put on 四、课后自测 (一)基础知识自测 I. 单词拼写 1. starve 2. satisfy 3. led 4. poet 5. gathered 6. memory 7. custom 8. independence 9. tricks 10. awards II. 用所给短语的正确形式填空 1. dress up 2. took place (二)能力提升自测 I. 单项填空 1. A 考查数量词辨析。people 为集合名词,应用修饰可数名词复数的短语修饰;information 为不可数 名词,应用修饰不可数名词的短语修饰。A. a large number of 修饰可数名词复数,plenty of 既可 以修饰可数名词复数也可以修饰不可数名词。B. the number of 是“?的数”的意思,a lot of 既可 以修饰可数名词复数也可以修饰不可数名词。C lots of 既可以修饰可数名词复数也可以修饰不可数名 词, a lot 后不能接名词。D. many a 后应接可数名词单数表示复数概念,a great deal of 修饰不可 数名词. 2. B 本题通过语境考查词义辨析。serve 服务;提供;satisfy 使满意;promise 答应;许诺;support 支持;养活。 3. C 介词宾语 food 后跟有补足语 running out,四个选项中只有 with 可以用于这种结构,故选 C 项。句 意为:食物快吃完了,我们只好步行去村里求助。 4. C 依据 be dressed in 排除 A、D 项;have on 不可用于进行时,故选 C。 5. B have the honour of sth / of doing sth 意为“得到某殊荣;有幸做某事”,例如:May I have the honour of the next dance? (能赏光和我跳下一个舞吗?);第二空后的 honour 是可数名词,但是多 用作单数。 6. C 句意为:他一边照镜子一边想他当然很像那个角色。“照镜子”要用 admire oneself in the mirror。 故选 C。 7. A 固定搭配,look forward to doing 8. B 句意为看起来你好像生病了,你应该去看医生。as though 似乎,好像。 9. B fun 为不可数名词,因此感叹句中应用 what fun? 10. D 固定搭配,play a trick on sb 11. A 固定搭配,keep one’s word 遵守诺言;hold one’s breath 屏住呼吸

3. decorating 8. a s though

4. in the shape of 5. play tricks on 9. day and night 10. agricultural

6. in memory of 7. looking forward to

12. A 句意为很多人需要额外的食物。是的,满足他们的需求真是个挑战啊。satisfy 满足。 13. A be dressed in 意为穿着,这里 Dressed in 是过去分词短语,在句中做状语。 14. D 句意为一听到喊叫声,老师就冲了出去,把打开着扔在了地上,然后消失在了黑暗中。此句中,the teacher 为主语, rushed out, left, and disappeared 为并列谓语, lying open 为宾语补足语, dictionary lying open 为主动,因此应为现在分词。 15. D 不被允许为 be not allowed to do; 对? 有坏处为 be bad to II. 完成句子,根据汉语意思用上括号中所给的词汇或短语完成句子。 1. took place 2. which /that have 3. in honour / memory of 4. was obvious 5. keeps his word. (三)智能拓展训练 I.完形填空 1.B 作者回忆儿时假日,根据常识可判断为其父母亲(parents)带他远游。 2. A 从后文提到的词语 beach(海滨) ,sand(沙滩)等可知作者在海边(by the sea)。 3. A play with sb.,与某人玩耍。 4. B 可从词义来判断。moving 令人感动的;anxious,焦急的;nervous,紧张的,均不合题意。 5. C watch sb. do, 看着某人做某事。 6. D 从句意可知是爬上了岩石,向下看被困住的鱼儿们。 7. B 阳光灿烂 8. A 此处 and 表示承接。 9. A explore 意为“搜寻”,此处用现在分词形式作伴随状语。 10. A 后文中有提示,且小孩口袋里的东西,常为“糖果”(sweets)。 11. C “有可以买到冰淇淋的好地方”,故选择动词 buy(买) 。 12. B 文章是关于回忆儿时假日的故事,因此此题应选 holiday 13. C 与上句照应,多年来,我“仍然”喜欢??。 14. A tides 指“潮汐”,而文中指“海浪”(waves)拍打岩石的声音。 15. D build sand house(建沙房子)与文章开头 make sand house 同义。 16. B 表示语义的转折且单独使用,用 however。 17. A 我在想 18. D 作者想知道以后理想中的假日是什么模样,以后指“年老的时候”。 19. A 只有儿时人们才迷恋于沙子堆成的小房子,所以此处指“孩子们”。 20. D 太多的糖果、冰激凌会使人不舒服。 II.单句改错 1. 去掉 it。learn 与 English 存在逻辑上的动宾关系,所以应去掉 it。 2. walk→walking。look forward to doing sth 为固定用法,其中 to 介词。 3. 去掉 a。fun 为不可数名词,意为“有趣的人或事” 。 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 去掉第二个 not。 words→word。keep one’s word 为固定搭配,意为“信守诺言” 。 去掉 a。plenty of 意为“许多” ,修饰可数或不可数名词。 when→while。while 表示对比,意为“而” 。 在 what 前加 of。remind sb of sth 意为“提醒某人某事” ,what 引导介词的宾语从句。


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