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大学英语 2 完形填空练习题 Cloze 1 A miser sold all that he had and bought a lump of gold, ___1___ he buried in a hole in the ground by the side of an old wall and___2___ to look at daily. One of his ___3___ observed his frequent visits___4___the spot and decided to watch his movements. He soon discovered the secret of the hidden treasure, came to the lump of gold, and ___5___ it. The Miser, __6___his next visit, found the hole empty and began to tear his hair and to cry. A neighbor, ___7___ him overcome with grief (悲伤) and learning the cause, said, "Go and take a stone, and place it in the ___8___, and fancy that the gold is still ___9___ there. It will do you quite the same service; for when the gold was there, you did not ___10___ the slightest use of it." (148 字) 1. A. that B. which C. who D. where 2. A. went B. goes C. go D. had gone 3. A. workman B. workmans C.worksman D. workmen 4. A. from B. to C. in D. on 5. A. stole B. looked at C. saw D. found 6. A. in B. on C. to D. from 7. A. saw B. see C. seeing D. was seeing 8. A. ground B. hole C. house D. wall 9. A. lying B. lies C. lie D. lay 10. A. put B. do C. make D. get

Cloze 1: 1-5:BADBA


Cloze 2 Thirty-five years ago, it was an honor for an ___1___ to go to Harvard University. ___2___ one young man soon found that his heart wasn’t in studying law. He would ___3___ many nights in front of the school’s computer and the next day sleep in class. Two years ___4___, Bill Gates dropped out of Harvard. He went on to start the Microsoft company with childhood friend Paul Allen. Now Microsoft is the world’s ___5___ software (软件) company. About 90 percent of computers run on Microsoft Windows. Gates topped the list of the richest men on the planet (星球) for 13 years ___6___ 2007. But last week the billionaire (亿万富翁) made the decision ___7___ give all his money to charity(慈善), ___8___ to his children. All of his $58 billion fortune will go to The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (基金会). Gates and his wife ___9___ the foundation to help with health and education projects around the world. After stepping down (辞职) from Microsoft in July, Gates will devote himself to___10___ the charity programs. (193 字) 1. A. 18 years old B. 18-year’s old C. 18-year-old D. 18 years old’s 2. A. And B. But C. Then D. AS 3. A. take B. cost C. spend D. make 4. A. later B. late C. latter D. latest 5. A. smallest B. small C. biggest D. big 6. A. for B. until C. to D. in 7. A. for B. in C. to D. on 8. A. instead B. instead of C. in stead D. in stead of 9. A. set up B. set to C. set out D. set off

10. A. run

B. runs

C. running D. ran

Cloze 2: 1-5:CBCAC Cloze 3


“Mom, can I have some money?” those are the words my mother used to hear all the time. In return, I heard, “Why don’t you get a job? Not to make me happy, but so that you have your won money and gain a bit more responsibility.” So last year I got a job working about 25 hours a week. For $5 an hour, working as a salesman in a photo studio. After I got this __1____, I had to do football, homework and job at the same time. It was really hard for me. I was burning out, falling asleep at school and failing__2___ many courses. My teachers were __3_ at me and yelled__4___ me: why have a job? I missed a lot practice in football team and could only _5__ back down at the match. My coach was cold at me with an unasked__6__: why have a job? I told them it was for the things I need, when actually it was for the things I wanted. __7__ and ___8__ are different. Needing something is like your only shoes have holes in them. But wanting is to have every new brand sneaker just because you _9__ it. I start to think about if I did a wrong thing. Slowly, I learnt to manage my money better so that I could have more time for school and football. I learnt to make a wise __10__ what I need and what I want. 1. A. money B. job C. picture D. studio 2. A. with B. for C. in D. after 3. A. happy B. pity C. mad D. familiar 4. A. for B. in C. on D. at 5. A. sat B. ran C. left D. went 6. A. smile B. question C. warmth D. promise 7. A. Job B. Money C. Needing D. School 8. A. failure B. wanting C. fulfillment D. mistake 9. A. have B. reject C. see D. like 10. A decision B. idea C. view D. mind

Cloze 3: 1-5:BCCDA Cloze 4


A person who believes that he is incapable will not make a real effort, because he feels that it would be useless. He won’t go at a job with the confidence_1__ for success. He is therefore_2__ to fail, and the failure will strengthen his belief in his incompetence. Alfred Adler, a famous doctor, had experience_3__ illustrates this. When he was a small boy he was poor at arithmetic. His teacher got the idea that he had no ability in arithmetic, and told his parents what she thought in order that they would not expect_4__ much of him. __5_ this way, they too developed the idea, “Isn’t it too bad that Alfred can’t do arithmetic?” He accepted their mistaken estimate of his ability, felt that it was __6_ to try, and was very poor at arithmetic, just as they expected. One day Adler succeeded in solving a problem which _7__of the other students had been able to solve. This gave him confidence. He _8___ the idea that he couldn’t do arithmetic and was determined to show them that he could. His new __9__ confidence stimulated him to go at arithmetic problems with a new spirit. He now worked with interest, __10_, and purpose, and he soon became extraordinarily good at arithmetic. 1. A. well B. necessary C .in D. good

2. A. possible B. possibly C. likely D. like 3. A. to B. when C. what D. which 4. A. too B. very C. so D. that 5. A. On B. In C. By D. From 6. A. important B. useful C. useless D. necessary 7. A. any B. none C. each D. no 8. A. accepted B. developed C. rejected D. thought 9. A. found B. finding C. find D. founded 10. A. love B. feelings C. determination D. solution

Cloze 4:



Cloze 5 Human language is a system of symbols. No other animal has a complex symbolic language that must be learned. Animal language is largely instinctive, __1__ basic human language is learned speech, composed __2__ sounds that symbolize things, ideas, actions and the like. We learn to read, often with considerable effort, by noticing or _3__ taught that groups of letters for the sounds that we already know __4__ to speak. We learn to write, with even _5__ effort, by learning to form the letters, __6_ are symbols of sounds, and to put them together on paper so that others can read what we “say”. Since human language is a form of human behavior, _7___ is nothing absolute about it. It has __8__ slowly throughout human history and will continue to develop. In the English language there are perhaps 600,000___9_. Possibly more, but most of them are _10__ only to specialists and are rarely used. 1. A. while B. because C. since D. so 2. A. on B. by C. of D. in 3. A. having B. being C. are D. been 4. A. what B. how C. which D. why 5. A. larger B. fewer C. less D. greater 6. A. they B. those C. which D. that 7. A. there B. it C. which D. one 8. A. developed B. lasted C. survived D. functioned 9. A. sounds B. works C. letters D. signs 10. A. given B. seen C. felt D. known

Cloze 5: 1-5:ACBBD Cloze 6


Fire can help people in many ways. Fire can heat water, _1__ your house, give light and cook food. But fire can burn things, too. Nobody knows_2__ people began to use fire. One story from Australia tells about a man a very long time ago. He _3__ the sun by a rope and brought fire down. Today people know how to _4__ a fire with matches. Children sometimes like to play with them. But matches can be very__5_. Fire kills people every year. So you must be careful_6__ matches. You should also learn to _7_ fires. Fires need oxygen. Without oxygen they die. There is _8__ in the air. Cover a fire with water, sand, or in an emergency, with your coat or a blanket. This keeps the air_9___ a fire and kills it.

Be careful with fire, and it will help you. Be careless with fire, and it might___10_you. 1. A. brighten B. warm C. beautify D. lighten 2. A. where B. when C. what D. how 3. A. watched B. got up to C. went up to D. discovered 4. A. set B. make C. cause D. catch 5. A. dangerous B. bright C. unusual D. common 6. A. with B. at C. on D. after 7. A. lay out B. put out C. put away D. do away with 8. A. fire B. moisture C. oxygen D. substance 9. A. in B. on C. away D. from 10. A. injure B. hurt C. destroy D. spoil

Cloze 6: 1-5:BDCBA Cloze 7


Last night, a fire broke out in Ann’s house in Manchester. Ann’s _1__ were out of town for the weekend when something wrong in the room caused the fire to start in the middle of the night. The _2__ was waken up by the family dog, Danny, who was barking loudly in the back garden. Ann smelled something __3__. She __4_ and _5__ ran through the smoke-filled house to wake her old brother, Frank. When Frank would not wake up, Ann got some help from the dog. Frank’s unconscious body was far too_6__ for the little girl to move alone, but the __7_ girl brought the dog__8_ and tied the dog’s lead to Frank’s left ankle. She then held her brother ’s right ankle, and together the girl and the dog__9_Frank to safety. The 10-year-old girl, Ann, ___10__ her big brother from death. 1. A. parents B. brother and sister C. friends D. classmates 2. A. child B. boy C. girl D. dog 3. A. delicious B. bad C. burn D. burning 4. A. stood up B. woke up C. got up D. put up 5. A. at once B. at first C. at last D. at that moment 6. A. big B. small C. light D. heavy 7. A. careless B. busy C. clever D. careful 8. A. inside B. outside C. back D. near 9. A. pushed B. pulled C. called D. made 10. A. was received B. got C. was saved D. saved

Cloze 7: 1-5:ACDCA Cloze 8


Many people would agree that stress is a major problem__1_modern life. It is certainly true that worry and quarrel can cause all kinds of illnesses, _2__ backache to severe headaches, or even more serious complaints such as high blood pressure. Many of us think _3__ stress as _4__ that other people impose__5__us. We often complain about how other people put us _6__ pressure. But we should try not to let such pressure_7__us. We should not forget that we are largely responsible for some of the stress ourselves. We sometimes take__8__ more work than our bodies and our minds can handle. We should learn to _9__ our limitations. We should __10_ of which things are really important and which are not. 1. A. on B. in C. with D. under

2. A. from 3. A. about 4. A. some thing 5. A. for 6. A. under 7. A. effect 8. A. out 9. A. get 10. A. aware

B. for B. of B. anything B. in B. in B. affect B. on B. receive B. know

C. in C. out C. something C. of C. of C. to effect C. off C. accept C. understand

D. of D. in D. any thing D. on D. for D. to affect D. in D. obtain D. notice

Cloze 8: 1-5:BABCD Cloze 9


Scientists have studied consumer behavior recently and found _1__ the look of the package has a great effect _2__ the “quality” of the product and on how well it _3__, because “Consumers generally cannot _4__ between a product and its package. Many products are packages and many packages are products,” as Louis Cheskin, the first social scientist studying consumers’ feeling for packaging, noticed. Colors are one of the best tools in packaging. Studies of eye movement have shown that colors draw human_5__ quickly. Take V8 for example. For many years, the bright red color of tomatoes and carrots on the thin bottle makes you feel that it is very good for your body. And the word “green” today can keep food prices_6__. __7_ are another attraction. Circles often suggest happiness and peacefulness, because these shapes are _8__ to both the eye and the heart. That’s _9__ the round yellow M signs of McDonald’s are inviting to both young and old. This new consumer response to the colors and shapes of packages reminds producers and sellers that people _10__to satisfy both body and soul. 1. A. that B. what C. such D. as 2. A. with B. of C. at D. on 3. A. buys B. sells C. offers D. works 4. A. show B. display C. tell D. differ 5. A. attention B. eye C. presence D. perception 6. A. to go up B. to go down C. going up D. going down 7. A. Packages B. Shapes C. Tools D. Products 8. A. pleasantly B. pleasing C. pleased D. pleasure 9. A. how B. because C. where D. why 10. A. sell B. make C. buy D. produce

Cloze 9: 1-5:ADBCA 6-10:CBBDC Cloze 10
Modern zoos are very different from zoos that were built 50 years __1__. At that time, zoos were places __2__ people could go to see animals from many parts of the world. The animals lived in cages that were made _3__ concrete with iron bars, cages that were easy to keep clean. __4_ for the animals, the cages were small and impossible to hide in. The zoo environment was _5__ natural. _6__ the zoo keepers took good care of the animals and fed them well, many of the animals did not thrive; they behaved in strange ways, and they often became ill. In modern zoos, people can see animals in more natural habitats. The animals are given

more __7_ in large areas so that they can live more _8__as they would in nature. Even the appearance of zoos has changed. Trees and grass grow in the cages, and streams of water flow_9__ the areas __10__ animals live in. 1. A. later B. ago C. before D. after 2. A. which B. that C. when D. where 3. A. up of B. into C. of D. for 4. A. Unfortunately B. Successfully C. Luckily D. Unusually 5. A. only B. anything only C. but D. anything but 6. A. Despite B. Since C. Now that D. Although 7. A. freedom B. food C. drink D. dependence 8. A. silently B. comfortably C. difficultly D. independently 9. A. over B. through C. for D. below 10. A. that B. where C. when D. these

Cloze10: 1-5:BDCAD Cloze 11


Nowadays most people decide quite early what kind of work they would do. When I was at school, we had to choose_1__ when we were fifteen. I chose scientific subjects. “__2_, scientists will earn a lot of money,” my parents said. For three years I tried to learn physics and chemistry, but in the _3__ I decided that I would never be a scientist. It was a long time_4__ I told my parents that I wasn’t happy at school. So my father said, “Well, the best thing to do now is to look for a job.” I __5_about it with my friends Frank and Lesley. __6__ of them could suggest anything, but they promised that they would ask their friends. A few days later __7_ I was still in bed, someone phoned, “Is that Miss Jenkins?” a man’s voice asked. “I know your hobby is photography and I’ve got a job that might interest you in my clothes factory. My name is Mr. Thomson.” I decided to see him. I was so excited that I almost forgot _8__ goodbye to my mother. I arrived a bit early and when Mr. Thomson came he asked me if I _9__ waiting a long time. I replied, “No, not long.” After talking to me for about 20 minutes he offered me a job—not as a photographer__10__ a model! 1. A. what should study B. what be studied C. what to study D. what studied 2. A. For the future B. In the future C. For future D. In future 3. A. close B. last C. end D. final 4. A. before B. as C. when D. while 5. A. told B. asked C. talked D. said 6. A. both B. neither C. nor D. not all 7. A. since B. whereas C. while D. before 8. A. saying B. to say C. speaking D. to speak 9. A. had been B. would be C. was D. might be 10. A. being B. as C. to be D. but

Cloze 11: 1-5:CBCAC Cloze 12


The world is not only hungry; it is also thirsty for water. This may seem strange to you, since nearly 75% of the earth’s surface_1___ covered with water. But about 97% of this huge __2_ is seawater, _3__ salt water. Man can only drink and use the other 3% of the fresh water that

comes from rivers, lakes, underground, and other _4__. And we can’t even use all of that, because some of it is in the form of icebergs and glaciers. Even worse, some of it has been polluted. However, as things stand today, this small amount of fresh water, _5__ is constantly being replaced by rainfall, is still enough for us. But our need__6_ water is increasing rapidly—almost day by day. We all have to learn how to stop wasting our_7__water. One of the first steps we should_8__ is to develop ways of reusing it. Experiments have already been done in this__9_ , but only on a small scale. The systems that have been worked out resemble__10_ used in spacecraft. 1. A. are B. was C. is D. were 2. A. amount B. number C. volume D. size 3. A. or B. but C. and D. also 4. A. origins B. originals C. sources D. resources 5. A. that B. this C. it D. which 6. A. of B. about C. for D. with 7. A. precious B. previous C. precise D. prior 8. A. make B. take C. grant D. offer 9. A. case B. field C. way D. region 10. A. what B. ones C. these D. those

Cloze 12: Cloze 13



For the first time in our marriage, I had decided to __1_ my holiday alone, without my wife. We had not __2_. My common sense told me that all habits—even good ones—should be _3__ from time to time. Doing everything together with my wife had become very much of a habit with me. So I had gone off to Italy_4__my own to spend three weeks at a hotel at the seaside. I had hoped it would be nice and warm. But actually it was 35°in the shade, _5__ enough to roast an ox. I walked about in shorts, my bald head__6_ with a handkerchief, sweating and thirsty. And all the time I had to __7_ my wife, who had gone to the mountains of North Wales and was doubtless __8_ herself very much. Why had I, with my sensitive English skin, gone to Italy of all places? At night, I was kept _9__ by two bands _10__ like mad in the bar downstairs. 1. A. take B. spend C. cost D. use 2. A. debated B. approved C. agreed D. quarreled 3. A. broken B. taken C. separated D. formed 4. A. with B. for C. at D. on 5. A. cool B. warm C. cold D. hot 6. A. touching B. touched C. covered D. covering 7. A. talk to B. discuss with C. hear of D. think of 8. A. enjoying B. favoring C. liking D. loving 9. A. asleep B. awake C. astonished D. alike 10. A. play B. compose C. composing D. playing

Cloze 13: 1-5:BDADD Cloze 14


Man has always wanted to fly. Even as long as eight hundred years ago, an Englishman had

tried. He made a pair of _1___ from chicken feathers and fixed them to his__2__. Then he jumped from a tall building. As you can imagine, he did not fly very far. _3___, he fell to the ground and broke several bones. The first real attempt at flying _4__ place in France in 1783. The two Mongolian brothers knew that hot air rose. __5__ they could fill a large balloon with hot air, they thought it would rise into the air and __6__. They were right. They made a very large hot balloon of cloth and paper. It measured ten meters in diameter. They filled it with hot air and the balloon got two hundred meters into the air. It _7___ to earth about three kilometers __8__. At the next attempt, they arranged for a balloon to carry passengers. We do not know _9__ the passengers felt about the trip as they were a cock, a duck, and a sheep. But we _10__ know that the trip lasted eight minutes and the animal landed safely. 1. A. sticks B. fans C. wings D. flags 2. A. hands B. feet C. head D. shoulders 3. A. Well B. Differently C. Instead D. Hopefully 4. A. had B. made C. took D. got 5. A. If B. When C. After D. Since 6. A. go B. fly C. blow D. flow 7. A. went B. fell C. jumped D. blew 8. A. far B. long C. away D. high 9. A. which B. that C. who D. what 10. A. should B. can C. will D. do

Cloze14: 1-5:CDCCA Cloze 15


One day a woman got into her car and started driving home after work. Suddenly, __1_ saw a yellow car behind her. __2__ was a man. When she turned left, the yellow car turned left. When she turned right, the yellow car turned right, _3__. When she stopped ___4_ the traffic lights, the yellow car stooped behind her. The woman was afraid, so she drove _5___ to the police station. She was very __6__when she found the car stopped behind her. At that time, a young man was standing outside the police station. The woman was very happy to see him. She knew that he was a policeman__7__ he was wearing a police uniform. She jumped __8_ he car and ran to the policeman. She asked him to arrest the man in the yellow car, so the policeman walked to the man. The man _9__to run away when he saw the policeman. He just smiled _10__ said to the woman, “I want to give this purse to you, madam. I think you dropped it on the street.” 1. A. he B. her C. she D. we 2. A. The worker B. The driver C. The man D. The policeman 3. A. also B. either C. too D. slowly 4. A. in B. on C. to D. at 5. A. quickly B. easily C. happily D. casually 6. A. exciting B. excited C. surprised D. surprising 7. A. when B. because C. after D. with 8. A. open B. locked C. out of D. out 9. A. refused B. didn’t try C. tried in vain D. failed 10. A. but B. so C. or D. and

Cloze 15:



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