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2015届高三英语二轮专题复习 专题1 语法填空

一 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 【全国新课标卷题型】 (2014· 新课标Ⅰ) Are you facing a situation that looks impossible to fix? In 1969, the pollution was terrible along the Cuyahoga River near Cleveland, Ohio. It __1__(be) unimaginable that it could ever be cleaned up. The river was so polluted that it __2__(actual) caught fire and burned. Now, years later, this river is one of __3__ most outstanding examples of environmental cleanup. But the river wasn't changed in a few days __4__ even a few months. It took years of work __5__(reduce) the industrial pollution and clean the water. Finally, that hard work paid off and now the water in the river is __6__(clean) than ever. Maybe you are facing an impossible situation. Maybe you have a habit __7__ is driving your family crazy. Possibly you drink too much or don't know how to control your credit card use. When you face such an impossible situation, don't you want a quick fix and something to change immediately? While there are __8__(amaze)stories of instant transformation, for most of us the __9__(change) are gradual and require a lot of effort and work, like cleaning up a polluted river. Just be __10__(patience) 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:曾经重度污染的河流再次清澈。当你感觉到什么事情是不可能实现的时候, 继续努力,耐心一些,你就一定会成功。 答案: 1.was 时间是在 1969 年,显然要用一般过去时态。 2.actually 由语境可知,此处要用副词修饰 catch,故填 actual 的副词形式 actually。 3.the 此处是跟 outstanding 一起构成形容词的最高级的,前面需加定冠词 the。 4.or 列连词 or。 reduce 分析结构可知,此处是 It takes some time to do sth.结构,意为“花费多长时 间干某事”。 6.cleaner 7.that/which 由 than 可知,此处要填 clean 的比较级。 分析结构可知,此处 habit 为定语从句的先行词,为限制性定语从句,从 此处表示“河流在几天里或者甚至是几个月里都改变不了”,表示选择,要用并

句缺少主语,用 that/which 引导。



修饰名词 stories 要用 amazing,指“令人吃惊的”。

9.changes 由空后面的 are 可知,此处要用名词复数。 10.patient be patient 耐心点,形容词 patient 作表语。 【辽宁卷题型】 (2014· 辽宁) Jonny:Hey! I'm just practicing Tai Chi(太极).Would you like to join me? Peter:I know nothing about it.Is it difficult? Jonny:It seems easy, but you need a lot of practice. You just follow me like this. Peter:OK. Don't laugh __1__ me. I may look funny. Jonny:Bend your knees slightly and reach out your arms like tree branches, naturally and __2__(soft). Try to keep your body straight. Move slowly, don't let your body shake. Peter:I cannot control my body well. My legs become __3__(pain). then be sure to keep your balance and

Jonny: Keep __4__(hold) your position for a while. It helps develop your strength and flexibility. Raise your leg and let __5__ stay in the air for seconds. Peter:I feel my legs shaking. I cannot do this any longer. Jonny:Be patient! Tai Chi __6__(call)“shadow boxing” in English. It asks you to act like strong. In real competition, a Tai Chi master borrows the

water; to be flexible as well __7__

strength of the competitor and uses this energy to fight back. The __8__ (hard) you try to beat him, the more likely you will get hit. He controls you! Peter:Unbelievable! Oh..., __9__ you don't mind, I'll stop and take a deep __10__. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:乔尼一边教彼得打太极一边给他讲太极的神奇之处。 答案: laugh at sb.嘲笑某人。 2.softly and 前后是相同的词性。由 naturally 可知,此处也填副词。 3.painful 此处是形容词作 become 的表语。 4.holding 一直保持你的姿势很长时间。keep doing sth.一直做某事。 此处指上文提到的 your leg。 called 太极被叫做??。 太极要求你像水一样灵活和强大。as well as 也。 8.harder 此处是“the +比较级, the +比较级”句型,意为:越??越?? 9.if 如果你不介意,我会停下来深呼吸。 10.breath take a deep breath 深呼吸。

二 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 【全国新课标卷题型】 (2014· 新课标Ⅱ) One morning, I was waiting at the bus stop, worried about __1__(be) late for school.There

were many people waiting at the bus stop , __2__ some of them looked very anxious and __3__(disappoint).When the bus finally came, the window, driver, we all hurried on board. I got a place next __4__

so I had a good view of the sidewalk. A boy on a bike __5__(catch)my attention. He the boy kept __7__(ride).

was riding beside the bus and waving his arms. I heard a passenger behind me shouting to the but he refused __6__(stop) until we reached the next stop. Still, He was carrying something over his shoulder and shouting. Finally, when we came to the next stop,

the boy ran up to the door of the bus. I heard an excited conversation. Then the driver stood up and asked, “__8__ anyone lose a suitcase at the last stop ?” A woman on the bus shouted, “Oh dear! It's __9__(I).” She pushed her way to the driver and took the suitcase thankfully. Everyone on the bus began talking about what the boy had done, and the crowd of strangers __10__(sudden) became friendly to one another. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:在一次乘车的时候,一个骑车的男孩在后面追着汽车为车里的一位丢了手提 箱的乘客送箱子。这个孩子的行为感动了车里的人们。 答案: 1.being about 为介词,后跟名词、代词、动名词作宾语,故用 being。

2.and 由上下文,人们等车,看起来很焦急,之间是顺承关系,故用 and 连接。 3.disappointed 人们看起来很焦急失望,用形容词形式 disappointed“失望的”修饰人, 而 disappointing“令人失望的”修饰物,不合题意。 我得到了一个靠近窗子的座位,next to 靠近,临近。

5.caught 文章是讲述过去的事情,故用过去时。 stop 7.riding 8.Did me。 10.suddenly 副词作状语修饰动词 became,故用 suddenly。 【辽宁卷题型】 (2014· 长春市第四次调测) 固定短语 refuse to do sth.拒绝做某事。 固定短语 keep doing sth.一直做某事。 “有人在上一站丢了手提箱吗?”一般疑问句,过去时用 did。 此处作表语,强调“它是我的”,用 mine;或者表示“是我丢了包”,用


Sara:How are you recently, Jane? Jane:Not very well. I have been gaining weight. It's too much for my __1__(high). The doctor asked me to watch what I eat, __2__ I can't help eating sweets whenever they are in my presence. If only I __3__(follow) my doctor's advice. Sara:__4__ is believed that overweight results from overeating. You need to work out. Why don't you attend an aerobics class? Perhaps it can __5__ (less)your anxiety. Jane:Can I certainly lose weight after attending that class? Sara:Yes, I think __6__. You can __7__ work the fat off your body but also keep your body fit. So you can kill two birds with one stone. Jane:You mean I don't need to diet? Sara:__8__ I mean is that you need to keep a diet while you are working out. __9__(combine) exercise with dieting may be the __10__(effective) way to lose weight. Jane:Thank you for your advice. I think I'll try that class. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:这段材料以对话的形式呈现,Sara 和 Jane 围绕减肥这一话题展开讨论。 答案: 1.height 考查形容词和名词的词形转化。high 的名词形式:height。

2.but 考生应能从上下文的行文逻辑,填入适当的并列连词。句意:医生告诉我注意饮 食,但是我只要看见糖果,就禁不住要吃。 3. had followed 考查虚拟语气中的动词形式。 句意: 我要是听从了医生的意见该有多好!

If only 是虚拟语气的标志,与过去相关,用 had+过去分词。 4.It 考生应能在理解语篇的基础上,准确理解句意并能正确判断句子结构和句式。It

在此作形式主语。 5.lessen 考查形容词和动词的词形转化。情态动词 can 后面应该加动词原形,lessen 动 词,意为“减少”。 考生应能根据上下文,填入一个符合语境的词。句意:是的,我认为是这样。 7.not only 考生应能根据上下文,填入符合语境的词。根据下文的“but also”可以判断出 此空应填“not only”。 8.What 考生应能准确理解句意并能正确判断句子结构和句式。what 在此引导主语从

句,并在从句中作宾语。 9.Combining 考生应能准确理解句意并能正确判断句子结构。动名词作主语。 考查形容词最高级的用法。句意:运动和节食相结合是我所知道的最

10.most effective 有效的减肥方式。


三 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 【全国新课标卷题型】 (2014· 贵州省六校联盟第二次联考) Alfred Alder, a famous psychiatrist, had __1__ interesting experience. When he was a small boy he got off to a poor start in arithmetic(算术). His teacher got the idea that he had no ability in arithmetic, and told his parents __2__ she thought in order that they would not expect too much of him. In this way, they too developed the idea, “Isn't __3__ too bad that Alfred can't do arithmetic?” He accepted their mistaken estimate of his ability, __4__(feel) that it was useless to try, and that he was very poor at arithmetic, just as they expected. One day he became very angry at the teacher and the other students because they laughed when he said he saw how to do a problem which none of the other students had been able to solve. Adler succeeded __5__ solving the problem. This gave him __6__(confident). He rejected the idea that he could not do arithmetic and was __7__(determine) to show them that he could. His anger and his new found faith stimulated him to go at arithmetic problems with a new spirit. He now worked with interest, determination, and purpose, and he soon became __8__(extraordinary) good at arithmetic. He not only proved that he can do arithmetic, but he learned early in life from his own experience,__9__ a person goes at a job __10__ determination and purpose, he may astonish himself as well as others by his ability. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:本文叙述了著名的精神病专家 Alfred Alder 的一次经历。他从小被他的老师认 为是学不好的人,可有一次,他解决了其他的人都解决不了的问题,从此,他自己有了自信, 再加上他的决心,使他认识到:人只要有信心和决心就能成功。 答案: 1 . an experience 在此意为“经历”,是可数名词,在此表泛指,所以填不定冠词;

interesting 是以元音音素开头的,所以填 an。 2.what 宾语从句中 thought 缺少宾语,所以填连接词 what。 it 指代 that Alfred can't do arithmetic。 4.feeling feel 与句子主语 he 构成逻辑上的主谓关系。所以用其ing 形式。

succeed in doing sth.“成功做成某事”。

6.confidence 这给了他自信。confidence“自信,自信心”。 7.determined be determined to do“下定决心做某事”。

8.extraordinarily 修饰形容词 good 用副词形式。 9.if 如果一个人有毅力和目标去做一项工作,那么他一定会让自己和他人都会大吃一


惊的。if 表示条件。 10.with with 表示拥有,带有。 【辽宁卷题型】 (2014· 宁夏银川九中二模) D:David M:Mark

D:Hi, Mark, you look pale today. What's wrong with you? M:Well, I've got just finished a small __1__(operate). D:Oh, I am sorry to hear that. Do you feel __2__(good)now? M:Much better. I've took the medicine which __3__ doctor had asked me to take. D:Thank goodness! You had better mind your own health next time. By the way, is the doctor professional? M:Oh maybe, he looks professional. D:Jesus, I __4__(hear)that the doctors are not professional in some hospitals in our city, __5__ makes many patients upset. Many hospitals are not strict __6__their doctors. M:I hope I am lucky. I went to the North Wall Hospital. D:Oh that is a good __7__. __8__ do you know that hospital? M:The ads of course. D:Got it. I have seen their ads many times. M:I think the ads really help them a lot. D:I can not agree any more. Well, actually you need a rest. Maybe I will come to your home and pay you a visit. What do you do in your spare time? M:I am fond of __9__(chat)on the Internet. Can you give me your QQ number __10__ we can chat online? D:My pleasure. See you online! M:See you! 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:David 与刚刚动完手术的 Mark 之间的谈话。 答案: 1.operation 我刚刚动了一个小手术。此处考查词形转换。应该用名词形式。 2.better 现在感觉 (比原来)好点了吗?此处暗含比较含义,所以用比较级。下一句话

“Much better ”也有提示。 3.the 此处医生是特指给我动手术的医生,所以用定冠词 the。 4.have heard 此处为谓语动词,由句意可知,用现在完成时。


5.which 考查非限制性定语从句。which 指代前面整个句子。 6.with be strict with...“对某人严格要求”。 考查代词。one 指代 hospital。 8.How 考查上下文理解。由答语“The ads of course”可知,此处问的是知道这家医院的 方式,所以用 how。 9.chatting be fond of doing sth.“喜欢做某事”。 that/in order that 后句为目的状语从句,所以填 so that/in order that。 四 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 【全国新课标卷题型】 (2014· 河北省衡水中学二调) Why is pink or purple a color for girls and blue or brown for boys? The answer depends largely __1__ cultural values as well as personal experiences. To the Egyptians, green was a color __2__ represented the hope and joy of spring, while for Muslims, it means heaven. Red is a symbol of good luck in many cultures. During the Spring Festival in China, children __3__(give) money in a red envelope to bring good fortune in the New Year. For many nations, blue is a symbol of protection and religious beliefs. Greek people often wear a blue necklace hoping to protect __4__ against evils(灾祸).

People's __5__(choose) of colors is also influenced by their bodies' reactions toward them. Green is said to be __6__ most restful color. It has the ability to reduce pain and relax people both mentally __7__ physically. People __8__(work) in green environment have been found to have fewer stomach aches. Red can cause a person's blood pressure to rise and increase people's appetites(食欲). Many decorators will include different shades of red in the restaurant. And many commercial websites will have a red “Buy Now” button because red is a color that __9__(easy) catches a person's eye. Blue is another calming color. Unlike red, blue is believed to cause people to lose appetite. So __10__ you want to eat less, some suggest that eating from blue plates can help. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:本文主要讲述的就是在不同的文化中的颜色意义和功能作用。 答案: 1.on/upon 主要取决于文化价值观和个人的经验。depend on/upon 取决于。 2.that/which 对于埃及人来说,绿色是代表希望和快乐的颜色。这是定语从句,先行词

是 color,定语从句缺少主语,故填关系代词 that/which。 3. are given 在中国的春节孩子们被给予红包的压岁钱带来好运。 children 和 give 是被动

关系,用 are given。

4. themselves 希腊人经常带蓝色的项链为了保护自己没有灾祸。 用反身代词 themselves。 5. choice 人们对颜色的选择也受身体对它们反应的影响。 动词 choose 转换成名词 choice。 6.the 绿色据说是最让人安静的颜色,用 the 修饰最高级。 7.and 它能够在精神上和身体上减轻疼痛,使人们放松。这里是并列关系,用 and。 8. working/who work 据说在绿色的环境下工作的人胃疼更少。用 working 作定语修饰 people,相当于 who work。 9.easily 红色是容易吸引人眼球的颜色。用副词 easily 修饰 catch。 10.if/when 如果你想吃得少,建议用蓝色的盘子吃饭。连词“如果”if/when。 【辽宁卷题型】 (2014· 河南省商丘市三模) Rose:Hi, Dave. Do you think the weather is fine today? Dave:Yeah. And the air is also cleaner than ever before. Rose:En, the newspaper reports that the air is less and less __1__(pollute) these days. Dave:That's true. Fewer and fewer people__2__(drive) cars to work since the government started the traffic control two months ago. Rose:But the control is going to end __3__ two weeks. What'll happen then? Are cars coming back to the road? Dave: That's true, too, although we all hope __4__ will never end. On the other hand, the traffic control has made things tough for people driving cars. Rose:But it's worth the trouble. I believe clean air is __5__ most important thing. Dave:However, many people don't think so. __6__ they can't drive cars, they'll even have __7__(difficult) getting to work. Rose:They can choose to take a bus __8__ the subway. And they can even ride a bicycle. There're many other ways to choose from, actually. Dave:Some people think buses are too crowded and riding a bicycle seems very __9__(tire). Rose:Anyway, it's still __10__(well) than being trapped in a traffic jam under grey clouds and in dirty air. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:文中,两人讨论了交通限制条例带来的变化以及人们对该条例的看法。 答案: 1.polluted be polluted“被污染”。 2.have driven 时。 in two weeks“两周后”。

由从句 since the government started

the traffic control 可知,用现在完成 由上下文可知,此处用 it 指代 the traffic control。 5.the 多音节形容词、副词最高级的构成为 the most...。 6.If 此处表示条件。如果他们不开车,那么他们上班就更困难了。 7.difficulty have difficulty (in)doing sth.“做某事有困难”。 8.or 他们可以坐公交车或者坐地铁。or 表示选择,意为“或者”。 9.tiring tiring 多修饰物;tired 多修饰人。 10.better 后面的 than 提示我们用比较级。 五 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 【全国新课标卷题型】 (2014· 吉林省九校联合体第二次联考) When I was a little girl, every time my dad was repairing something, he __1__ ask me to hold the hammer, and meanwhile, have a conversation with me. I never saw my dad drinking or taking a night out. All he did after work was taking care of his family. I grew up and left home for college and __2__ then, my dad had been calling me every Sunday morning, no matter what. Several years later I bought a house,__3__ always busy, __5__(able) to find any time for conversation with him. One Sunday morning we had a telephone talk as usual. I noticed that my dad had forgotten some things we discussed lately. I was in a hurry, so our conversation was short. Later that day came a call __6__(say) my father was in hospital. Immediately I bought a ticket for a flight and on my way I was thinking about all the __7__(miss) occasions to have a talk with my dad.__8__ the time I got to hospital, my father had passed away. Now it was __9__ who did not have time for a conversation with me. I realized __10__ little I know about my dad, his deepest thoughts and dreams. After his death I learned more about him, and even more about myself. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:文章介绍爸爸对家庭的关心对作者的爱,但是作者没有时间和爸爸交谈,直 到爸爸去世,作者才意识到自己很不了解爸爸。 答案: 1.would 每次爸爸在修什么东西,都会让我拿着锤子。would 表示“过去常常”。 2.since 自从那时,爸爸每个星期天的早上都给我打电话。since then“自从那时”。 3.which 几年后,我买了—个房子,爸爸在 80 度的高温下一个人粉刷了三天。which 引导的是非限制性定语从句,修饰 house。 4.for 对我来说他要求的就是和我交谈,介词“for”对于??。 my dad painted by himself

for three days in the 80degree summer heat. All he asked was __4__ me to talk to him. But I was


5.unable 但我总是很忙,没有时间和他交谈,形容词 unable“不能”。 6.saying 后来有个电话打来,说爸爸住院了,saying 是现在分词作伴随状语。 7.missed 在路上我想到我错过的和爸爸谈话的机会,missed“错过的”。

8.By 到我到医院的时候为止,爸爸已经去世了,介词 by“到??时候为止”。 9.he 现在是他没有时间和我交谈了,这里是强调句,强调的是主语:he。 我意识到我对爸爸了解的多么少,how 多么,修饰 little。 【辽宁卷题型】 (2014· 河南省顶级名校押题卷) Woman:Good morning. Man:Good morning. Er... I'm looking for a place __1__(rent) near the university. Woman:What are you looking for, a house, a flat, __2__ a room? Man:Well, we want a flat if that's possible. There are three of us looking all together. We thought we might share it if we can find something __3__(suit). Woman:So something near the university? Man:Yes. We are all students, so it would be good if we could find something __4__ walking distance of the campus. __5__ of us has a car and we don't want to have to take a bus. Woman:Well, everybody wants that of course. Are you here for your first year? Man:No, I __6__(be) here for a year already. Last year we all lived on campus. Woman : OK. So let me have a look and consider __7__ we have got. Well, there's a threebedroom flat. That's 400 dollars a week—quite __8__(reason), I think. Man:Oh, That's too __9__. Woman:OK, I'll try __10__. Oh, here is another one near the Sunshine Bookstore. It's a quiet place. Only 150 dollars a week. It's quite cheap. Would you like to have a look? 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:作者租房子时与中介的谈话。 答案: rent 此处不定式作后置定语,修饰 a place。 2.or or“或者”表示选择。 3.suitable 形容词 suitable 作后置定语。 4.within within walking distance“几步之遥,步行就能到,走路去就可以了”。 5.None 由上下文可知,我们都没有车。none“没有人;一个也没有”。 6.have been 由时间状语“for a year already”可知,用现在完成时。 7.what 宾语从句中 got 缺少宾语,所以填连接词 what。

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9.expensive/dear 下文又开始介绍另一处住所,所以此处应该是没有成交,价格太贵。 10.again 再介绍另一处住所。 六 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 【全国新课标卷题型】 (2014· 新课标Ⅱ高考压轴卷) A man recognized as a genius in business circles was invited as an honour guest to a TV interview. Everybody was eager to hear a success story from him. He, __1__, only said with a slight smile, “Wouldn't it be better for me to ask you for __2__(advise) on a certain problem?” Here is the problem he raised:“People all rushed to the place __3__ a gold mine had recently been discovered but they were blocked by a river __4__(flow) across the only way to it. What would you do if you __5__(be) among them?” “Make a roundabout (绕行的) way,” someone suggested. “Swim across,” said another. The genius smiled __6__ a word. Then he gave his view. “Why not do __7__ else instead of rushing to the mine? How about buying a boat to do some ferrying (摆渡)?” The audience were shocked. He explained calmly, “The man could make __8__ great amount of money from the passengers. They were willing to pay for the ferry __9__ there was gold on the other bank.” Do what others have not thought to do or something never attempted before—that is the key __10__ success. A difficult circumstance, in the eyes of a wise man, often means a potential chance for success. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:本文是一篇启迪故事,介绍了一位商业天才告诉人们要做别人想不到的或以 前没有尝试过的事情来取得成功。 答案: 1.however 考副词表转折的用法。根据语境应填一个表示转折的副词。 2. advice 考构词法。介词后面用名词,注意不能用复数形式。 3. where 考关系副词引导定语从句的用法。先行词是地点名词,且从句结构完整,应用 关系副词 where 引导。 4.flowing/which/that flowed 考非谓语动词的用法。根据结构应填 形式作定语修 饰 a river, 表示主动,相当于一个定语从句 which/that flows。 5.were 考虚拟语气的用法。表示与现在事实相反的假设,从句用所给动词的过去式,

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be 动词用 were。 6.without 考介词的用法。名词前面用介词,根据语境应填 without 表示“这位商业天 才没说一句话,只是笑了一笑。” 7. something 考不定代词的用法。用于表示建议、请求用代词 something。

8. a 考冠词的固定搭配。“大量的”用 a great amount of/a great deal of/a great number of 等表示。 9. because 考从属连词的用法。前后分句明显有因果关系,故填表示原因的从属连词, 故填 because。 10. to 考介词的固定搭配。表示“??的关键,??的答案”,用介词 to。 【辽宁卷题型】 (2014· 北大附中河南分校五月冲刺) Linda:Our flight has been delayed for two hours. My husband must be waiting __1__(anxious) at London Airport. David:You'd better make a phone call and tell __2__ about the situation here. Linda:Right. What are you here for? David:I was at __3__ twoweek international conference on space technology in Beijing. Linda:How __4__(interest)! I was here with a tour. David:Really? How did you find Beijing? Linda: Beijing is one of __5__(beautiful) cities that I have seen. It has all the characteristics of a big city. It has impressed me a lot. __6__ Beijing, I've also been to Shanghai, Hangzhou and Nanjing. China is really rich in history and tradition. Is this your __7__(one) trip to China? David:No, I come here every year but always on business. I have no chance __8__(visit) the scenic spots here. Linda:What a pity! You should __9__. Excuse me, __10__I'll phone my husband in case he will be worried. David:OK. Just do it. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:Linda 和 David 在伦敦机场偶遇。 答案: 1.anxiously 用副词修饰前面的动词 waiting。 2.him 你最好打电话告诉你丈夫这一情况。此处 him 指代 your husband。 3.a 此处中心词为 conference,又表泛指,所以用不定冠词 a。 4.interesting How 修饰形容词;此处表示这件事情,所以用 interesting。 5.the most beautiful “one of+最高级”表示“最??之一的”;beautiful 是多音节形
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容词,其最高级为“the most beautiful”。 6.Besides/Apart from 由后文 also 可知,此处填“除了??之外”。 7.first 这是你到中国的第一次旅行吗? visit/of visiting have a chance to do sth./of dong sth.“有机会做某事”。

9.have (visited) 真是遗憾,你本应该参观一下的。should have done 本应该做某事(却没 有)。 10.but Excuse me,but... “对不起,但是??”。 七 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 【全国新课标卷题型】 (2014· 贵州省六校联盟第一次联考) “Remember, your father is only one year __1__(old) than you.” That was Mum's usual excuse when Dad said the wrong things or did something __2__(fool). Dad quitted drinking exactly one year before I was born. He joined a group of other people. He said they __3__(stop) drinking, too. I loved my dad __4__ I hated the way his weekly meetings took him away __5__ me. It seemed that they were more important to him than I was. But with my birthday coming up I thought Dad would make an __6__(except). “Can't you miss it just this time? Saturday is my birthday!” I begged him but __7__(refuse). He said “ I am chairing

the meeting this Saturday. We will have your party on Sunday.” Saturday evening I sat on my bed, __8__(feel) sorry for myself. Dad started to leave, then paused and said, “Why not come with me together tonight? It's an open meeting. All are welcome”. __9__ would I do at a meeting? But maybe I needed to see why something Dad did every week mattered so much. After we arrived, Dad announced the theme of the meeting was going to be gratitude. He told his story about giving up smoking. Later, a man __10__(call) Dave also told his story. Only then did I know it was Dad that saved his life from drinking. Showing up week after week and meeting with people, Dad was changing lives. Shame washed over me. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:父亲的大爱无疆让我汗颜。 答案: 1.older 由空后的 than 可知,此处用比较级。 2.foolish 形容词作后置定语。 3.had stopped 考查时态。他们戒酒发生在父亲说之前,符合“过去的过去”,所以用 过去完成时。

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4.but 前后句之间为转折关系,所以填 but。 5.from take sb. away from...“把某人从??那里带走”。 6.exception 冠词 an 后应接名词,所以填 exception。 7.was refused 我乞求父亲不要去开会,但是被拒绝了。由 but 可知,应该是被拒绝了。 8.feeling feel 与句子主语 I 之间构成逻辑上的主谓关系,所以用其ing 形式。

9.What 会议上我能做点什么?所以填 what。 10.called 过去分词作后置定语,名为大卫的一位男子也讲述了自己的故事。 【辽宁卷题型】 (2014· 凉州区第二次诊断) W:You see, I'm gaining weight again. I've no idea __1__to lose it. M:You should do some exercise every day. That is the best way __2__ keep you fit. W:You know, I don't want to move about at all. M:You'd better not watch too much TV. Recently, dancing machines __3__(be) popular in China. I suggest __4__(buy) one. W:What is the dancing machine? M:Oh, you may see one in shopping centers. __5__ is easy to learn how to use it. What you ought to do is to dance on such machines __6__ disco music, stepping forward and backward, left and __7__ as if you are really dancing. W:That __8__(sound) interesting! But is it __9__(use) to help me keep fit? M:Sure. When you finish dancing, you'll be __10__ of breath. W:All right. I'd like to get one. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:两人讨论了怎样减肥的问题。 答案: 我不知道该怎么减肥。how“怎么”,表方式。 the way 后接不定式作后置定语。

3.have been 由时间状语 recently 可知,用现在完成时。 4.buying suggest doing sth.“建议做某事”。

5.It it 指代后面的不定式 to learn how to use it。 6.with with 表示“带有,配备有”。

7.right 句前是“forward and backward”迈步,此处与之对应应该是“左右”迈步。所以 填 right,表示“右面”。 8.sounds That sounds interesting.“这听起来很有趣”。

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9.useful is 后接 use 的形容词形式 useful。 10.out out of breath“上气不接下气,气喘吁吁地”。 八 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 【全国新课标卷题型】 (2014· 山西省第四次四校联考) Julie enjoyed reading when young. She grew up in __1__ key middle school in her city, __2__ her parents both taught Chinese. That meant she was surrounded by either teachers who were busy teaching or students who __3__(devote) to their studies. So she developed her love of __4__. Her interest __5__ reading also benefited from the fact that __6__ parents only let her watch half an hour of TV a day. She learned to use her mind and imagination to entertain __7__. It's not really __8__(surprise) that reading became her vocation. When not reading she enjoyed watching films, walking and relaxing with her friends. Reading brought her much __9__(please) and she never wanted to stop learning. Not only did reading enrich her knowledge __10__ it improved her learning scores. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:Julie 热爱阅读,这得益于她的父母。而热爱阅读让她受益匪浅。 答案: 1.a Julie 在她所在城市的一所重点中学长大。不定冠词表泛指。 2.where 在这所中学里,她的父母教授汉语。此处应填关系词引导定语从句;从句部分 her parents both taught Chinese 不缺少主语、宾语,所以填关系副词;先行词为 school,所以填 where。 3.were devoted 于”。 4 . reading 第一段第一句话 “Julie enjoyed reading...” 和第二段第一句话 “Her interest who 在此引导定语从句,所以填谓语动词;be devoted to“热爱,致力

__5__ reading...”都有提示。 interest 后常接介词 in。

6.her 她对阅读的兴趣得益于她父母规定她每天只能看半小时电视。 7.herself entertain oneself“自娱自乐”。 8.surprising 修饰物应该用其现在分词形式的形容词 surprising。 9.pleasure 由空所在上下文可知,应该填名词形式 pleasure。 10.but (also) not only...but(also)...“不但??而且??”。 【辽宁卷题型】 (2014· 太原五中 5 月模拟)

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Lynn:I really want to find a good job. Do you have any advice? Kate:Oh, lots of advice! First, be sure to dress __1__(proper) for the interview. If it's for a teaching job, as I did 20 years ago, then you might want to consider __2__(wear) nice pants and a dress shirt. __3__, you won't like to wear clothes that are too formal and elegant for the interview nowadays. Lynn:I see. Anything __4__ would you suggest I should pay attention to?

Kate:Well, second, be sure to do some research on the company for __5__ you are being interviewed. This will help you know if you have the needed skills or experience to work for that company. You can also ask the __6__(interview), usually their personnel manager, about three intelligent questions about their business. That will show you are interested in their company. Lynn:That's good advice! Any last thoughts? Kate:Yes, finally, be prepared to tell them why you would be the __7__(good) choice for the position. You don't have to talk too much about what you __8__(study) for 4 years in university, but you can tell them __9__ a confident and direct way why you can help their company. Following the above tips, you will find a satisfying job sooner or later. Lynn : Thank you very much. I have got to buy some new clothes and then finish my __10__(apply). 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:Lynn 要去面试找工作,Kate 给了她很多建议。 答案: 1.properly 修饰动词 dress,用副词。 2.wearing consider doing sth.“考虑做某事”。 3.However 前后句之间是转折关系;再由标点逗号可知,填 however 而非 but。 4.else else 修饰不定代词和疑问代词而且均放在后面,意为“其它的,另外”。 5.which 由所在句子前后均有谓语动词可知,此处填连接词;再由句意可知,此处为定 语从句,先行词为 company,指物,介词 for 后接 which。 6.interviewer 问考官(interviewer)一些问题。 准备好告诉考官你是那个职位的最佳(best)人选。 8.have studied 由时间状语“for 4 years”和句意可知,用现在完成时。 way 常与介词 in 搭配。in a confident and direct way“用一种自信而直接的方式”。 综合上下文,此处填名词。 九 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 【全国新课标卷题型】


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(2014· 吉林市三模) Nowadays many singers and bands have little to do with good music. They know little about __1__ good music means. What is the cause? So far most of these singers __2__(see) music as a “job” because it is a good source of making money. And if you have a good appearance and expensive clothes to show off at your concerts then your voice is not __3__ important as it should be. The public will prefer to admire more the most interesting parts of your body and even forget that you are there __4__(show) your music skills, not your dancing, which is important too, but not at such __5__ high level. Therefore, many young girls on TV choose to wear the most provocative (挑逗性的) clothes to catch attention. __6__ when it comes to singing, they are in a complete mess and one doesn't need to have an ear for music to notice their lack __7__ talent. However, the young generation should understand talent and a good voice matter more in their musical career. All the performances __8__ have little to do with good music fail to be welcomed on stage. If a young man has a great voice and wants to become a __9__(success) singer, he should take some special __10__(course) in this area because they will help him improve singing abilities. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:本文对当前很多歌手和乐队不把重点放在音乐本身一事展开了揭示和批评。 答案: 1.what 他们对什么是好音乐所知甚少。宾语从句中 mean 缺少宾语,所以填 what。 2.have seen 由时间状语 so far 可知,用现在完成时。 由后面的 as 可知,此处为结构;在否定句中第一个 as 也可以换成 so。 show 由句意可知,此处用不定式表目的。 5.a such a high level“如此高的水平”。 6.But 前后句为转折关系。 7.of lack of... “缺乏??”。 8.that __8__ have little to do with good music 为定语从句,从句中缺少主语,所以填关 系代词;先行词前有 all,所以用 that 不用 which。 9.successful 名词前用形容词修饰。 由前面的 some 可知,此处用复数。course“课程”。 【辽宁卷题型】 (2014· 豫东、豫北十所名校阶段性测试五) Sarah:What can you refer to if you want to know how tall the tallest person in the world is? __1__ is only one place, where you will find the information. And that's the Guinness Book of World Records. This morning we have someone from the Guinness Company that produced that famous book, Tomas Manning. __2__ to the program, Tomas!
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Tomas:Thanks, Sarah. It's a pleasure to be here. Sarah:Perhaps you could start by telling us where the idea for the book came from? Tomas:Well, it was first suggested in the early 1950s. Sir Hugh Beaver, the managing director of Guinness, was out shooting birds with some friends. A bird __3__(fly) away so quickly that no one was able to shoot it. Sir Hugh wondered whether this bird was the fastest bird in Europe. And it wasn't the fastest. He wondered __4__ it was. Sarah:So I suppose he went to the couldn't find it. Tomas:Yeah, that's exactly what happened. And this made Sir Hugh think there __5__(near) library to look for the information and he

__6__ be other people in the same situation who wanted this kind of information. He thought that, like __7__ , people would be interested in finding facts about the records to satisfy their __8__(curious). Sarah:So __9__ idea for a book of records was born. And when did the first book come out? Tomas:A few years later, in in the world is 231.7cm tall. 1955. So __10__(answer) your question: the tallest person

1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:本文介绍了《吉尼斯世界纪录》这本书的灵感从何而来。 答案: 1.There 只有一处地方,就是《吉尼斯世界纪录》 。there be 句型表示“有”。 2.Welcome 由上下文可知,此处是主持人的欢迎词,所以填 welcome“欢迎”。

3.flew 此处介绍过去的一段经历,全部用一般过去时态。 4.what wonder 后接宾语从句,从句中 was 缺少表语,所以填 what。 5.nearest 由常识可知,应该去最近的(nearest)图书馆查找信息。 6.must 由句意可知,此处表示非常肯定的推测。一定有和他一样想要寻找这一信息的 人。 7.him/himself 介词 like 后接宾语,所以用宾格形式或者反身代词。 8.curiosity satisfy one's curiosity“满足某人的好奇心”。 9.the 想有一本世界纪录的想法诞生了。此处表示特指。 answer 不定式表示目的。

十 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 【全国新课标卷题型】 (2014· 河北省“五个一名校联盟”质监一)

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Have you ever heard “Tuhao, let's be friends”? Are you puzzled, wondering __1__ it means? Then you're possibly out of date. Nowadays, the Chinese words “tuhao” and “dama” have become so familiar __2__ many Chinese people that they often play jokes on each other when __3__ (chat) about the daily life. For example, if you take out your new __4__(fashion) mobile phone, your naughty friends may call you “tuhao”, laughing loudly and happily. Amazingly, the two wildly popular words have become hot words in English too. Recently, the BBC __5__(produce) a program to introduce “tuhao”. __6__ the Internet, “tuhao” can be translated into “new money (暴发户)” in English. Besides, The Wall Street Journal has also borrowed “dama” from the Chinese pinyin __7__(describe) bargainhunting middleaged Chinese women, calling __8__“a force in the global gold market”. Experts say __9__ Chinese language's influence on English will continue during the entire 21st century,__10__ it is expected that “tuhao” will be welcomed by the Oxford University Press to appear in the new word lists. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:土壕、大妈等汉语变得非常流行。 答案: 1.what 根据上下文可知,此处需要一个连接代词作宾语从句的宾语,故填 what。 此处是固定搭配,be/become familiar to sb.“(变得)为某人所熟悉”, 故填 to。 3.chatting 此处是 when they are chatting 的从句主语省略形式,故填 chatting。 4.fashionable 5.has produced produced。 6.On On the Internet 此处是一个固定搭配。 describe 根据下文可知,此处需要动词不定式表目的,故填 to describe。 8.them 根据上下文可知,此处需要一个代词作宾语,指代 bargainhunting middleaged Chinese women,故填 them。 9.the 此处考查冠词,特指中国语言对英语的影响将继续存在。 根据上下文内容可知,此处表因果或顺接关系,故填 so 或 and。 【辽宁卷题型】 (2014· 开封市三模) M:I'm so relieved. I just finished the story I was working on for our creative writing course. 此处需要一个形容词,修饰 mobile phone,故填 fashionable。 根据 recently 可知,此处需要谓语动词的现在完成时形式,故填 has

W:I haven't finished mine __1__.I had trouble __2__(get) past the beginning. M:How come? W:I was really happy to be writing a detective story. But after the first few pages, I just

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__3__ write any more. M:The same thing __4__(happen) to me. You can talk to Mrs. Wilson about it. W:Actually, I went to ask for more time to finish the writing. But instead she gave me some good advice. She said the first thing I should do is just write anything that comes into my mind even if it doesn't make any __5__. M:That's interesting. When I got __6__(stick),I stopped to do __7__ else, you know, do some for one of my other courses. W:Her methods seem to have worked for me. I have written most of the story, and I should be able to hand it __8__ on time, but l still need to go to the jewelry store. M:You are going shopping? W:I'm going there for my story. cameras are placed. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:两位作家交流写作经验。 答案: 1.yet 承接上文,此处意为“我的小说还没有写完”。yet“还,尚,仍然”,常用在现 在完成时的句子里。 2.(in)getting have trouble/difficulty (in)doing... “做某事有困难”。 My detective story involves __9__ jewelry store robbery,

so I want to go there in order to take a look at __10__ the cases are arranged, where the security

3.couldn't 此处表示能力,时态为一般过去时。 4.happened 此处填谓语动词,时态为一般过去时。 5.sense make sense“有道理,讲得通”。 6.stuck get stuck 表示被动,“被卡住”的意思,但经常引申来用,“进入僵局,抛锚, 遇到困难”。 7.something something else“其它的事情”。

hand in“上交”。

9.a 此处指“一次”珠宝店被劫事件。 how 表示方式。

十一 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 【全国新课标卷题型】 (2014· 邯郸市二模) Americans think time is money. They say, “You only get so much time in this life; you'd better

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use it __1__(wise).” Americans __2__(train) to use their time for constructive activities,__3__ Americans admire a “wellorganized” person,__4__ has a written list of things to do and a schedule for doing them. They do not waste people's time with conversations or other activities that have no visible beneficial result. The American attitude __5__ time is not necessarily shared by others, especially nonEuropeans. NonEuropeans are more likely __6__(regard) time as something that is simply there around them, __7__ something of great value. In this background,the fast food industry can be seen as a clear example of American cultural product. McDonald's, KFC, and other fast food __8__(company) are successful in a country where many people want to spend the __9__(little) amount of time preparing and eating meals. As McDonald's restaurants spread around the world, they have been viewed as symbols of American society and culture, __10__(bring) not just hamburgers but speed, efficiency(效率), and shiny cleanliness. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:本文讲述了美国人的时间观。 答案: 1.wisely 用副词修饰动词 use。 2.are trained 美国人被培训养成了使用自己的时间做建设性的事情的习惯。所以用被动 语态。 前后句之间为因果关系,所以填 so/therefore。 4.who 此处为定语从句引导词,空后的从句缺少主语,所以填关系代词;先行词是人, 所以填 who。非限制性定语从句不用 that。 attitude“态度”后接介词 to 或者 toward(s)。 regard be likely to do... “可能做??”。 7.not/rather than/instead of 非欧洲人把时间看得很随意而不是很有价值的东西。 8.companies 空后的 are 可知,此处用复数。 9.least 在人们花最少时间准备饭菜和吃饭的国家里,麦当劳、肯德基和其他一些快餐 公司都很成功。little 的最高级为 least。 10.bringing bring 与句子主语 they 之间构成逻辑上的主谓关系,所以用其ing 形式作状 语。 【辽宁卷题型】 (2014· 唐山市二模) Mr. Woods:I'd like a double room for tonight. Clerk:Do you have a reservation? Mr. Woods:Yes. I __1__(call) you last week. My name is George Woods.

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Clerk:Wait __2__ second, please. (She checks the computer.) Yes, Mr. Woods, we have a room reserved for you. How long do you plan __3__(stay)? Mr. Woods: __4__(probable) two days. My wife will join me tomorrow. Then we'll decide when to leave __5__ Seattle. Clerk:Would you sign the register, please? Mr. Woods:By the way, does my room have a private bath? Clerk:Certainly. __6__ of the rooms in this hotel has a private bath. Mr. Woods: I have a __7__(prefer) for a room with twin beds. Does my room have twin beds or a double? Clerk:Twin beds. __8__, it also has a view of the sea. I'm sure you'll like it... It's on the eighth floor. Room 801. Mr. Woods:Thank you. One more thing, where is your restaurant? Clerk:The restaurant is on the second floor __9__ you can enjoy dishes from all country. We also have a bar. If you would like something to drink, you __10__ come down here. The bar is right behind the restaurant. Mr. Woods:Thank you. Clerk:You're welcome. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:本文是 Mr. Woods 的订房电话。 答案: 1.called 由时间状语“last week”可知,用一般过去时。 2.a wait a second“请等一下,请稍等”。 stay plan to do“打算做某事”。你打算住多久? 4.Probably 此处为省略句。完整表达为 I plan to stay probably two days。 5.for leave for“前往??”。 6.Each 由句意可知,此处表示所有房间都有淋浴室。再由后面谓语动词为 has 可知, 填 each 而非 all。 7.preference have a preference for sth. “爱好某物,偏好某物”。 房间里是两张单人床,此外 “Actually/Besides/What's over the

can either call room service

8 . Actually/Besides/What's more

more”,还可以俯瞰大海。空后的 also 是提示词。 9. where 此处为定语从句。 先行词为 floor, 从句中缺少地点状语, 所以填关系副词 where。 10.or either...or...“或者??或者??”。 十二 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
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【全国新课标卷题型】 (2014· 嘉峪关市一中第六次模拟) China's Tea Villages In most Chinese tea villages, March is the time of year in __1__ locals start to pick and process tea. The usually quiet villages suddenly become busy centers of activity, as people take out special tools and prepare __2__ tea processing. In some villages, local residents hold traditional ceremonies, __3__(thank) heaven for its blessing. The price of tea __4__(pick) in March is extremely high because __5__ is fresh, tender and contains multiple trace elements. China __6__(be) famous for tea production since ancient times. Of the goods transported and traded along __7__ Old Silk Road linking China to the Middle East and Europe, the importance of tea was matched only by silk. China produces Oolong, black, green, white, yellow __8__ dark (postfermented) tea. The Oolong, green and black __9__(vary)are most notable for their high quality. Most of China's tea villages are found in remote mountainous areas in the country's south and southwest, __10__ the beautiful scenery is often hidden under clouds. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 答案: 1.which 这里含有一个介词+关系代词引导的定语从句,指物只能用 which。 2.for prepare for 是固定用法,意思是为??做准备。 3.thanking “local resident”与“thank”之间是主动关系,故用现在分词,所以填 thanking。

4.picked “tea”与“pick”之间是被动关系,故用过去分词作定语。 指代“茶”,所以用 it。 6.has been 表示自过去某一时刻到说话时这段时间中的经历,用现在完成时。 7.the 特指古老的丝绸之路,故用定冠词 the。 8.and 表示并列关系,故用 and 连接。 9.varieties 作主语,故用名词形式。 10. where 这里含有一个定语从句, 且关系词在从句中作地点状语, 故用关系副词 where。 【辽宁卷题型】 (2014· 河南濮阳市二模) Dr. Kate: Radio __1__(change) a lot since we were young. It used __2__ be the major source of fun for the family. Bob:Nowadays when you turn on the radio, you either hear music, a talk show __3__ news. Dr. Kate:__4__(fortunate), you can choose the kind of music you want to hear. Bob:Yes, and there is a lot of points of view when you listen to talk shows. I usually enjoy __5__(listen) to them. I particularly like it when a caller disagrees with the talk show host. I like to
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hear how he will defend his ideas. Dr. Kate:Some talk show hosts are very rude to those __6__ have opposing ideas. I really find that terrible. Bob:It seems that people only listen to the radio __7__ they are driving in their car. Dr. Kate:That is true for me, __8__ home. Bob:Now if I think about it, I realize that a lot of stores have the radio __9__(play). Dr. Kate:It's still a useful and pleasant form of __10__(communicate). 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:本文主要讲的是收音机在今天的用途。 答案: 1.has changed 由时间状语 since 从句可知,此处用现在完成时。 used to“过去常常,惯于”。 but I know that my husband listens to it while he is working

3.or 现在打开收音机,你要么听音乐、听脱口秀节目或者新闻。either...or...“或者?? 或者??”。 4.Fortunately 用副词修饰整个句子。 5.listening enjoy 后接代词、名词或动名词。所以此处用 listening。

6.who/that 一些脱口秀主持人对持异见的人非常粗鲁。先行词是 those,指人,从句部 分缺少主语,所以填关系代词 who 或者 that。 7.while 好像人们只在开车的时候听音乐。while “当??的时候”符合语境。下一句 话也有提示“...while he is...”。 考查固定搭配。at home“在家里”。 9.playing 很多商店让收音机一直开着。have...doing...是指让某人一直做某事或者让某

事一直在进行,强调动作的持续性、连续性或者动作的反复性。 10.communication 介词 of 后接名词。communication“交流”。

十三 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 【全国新课标卷题型】 (2014· 贵州省 4 月适应性考试) I was in the line at McDonald's. I was going to walk to order my food __1__ I noticed a

young man,who was not having the best of luck and it showed on his face.He walked in carrying his__2__(belong)in a torn plastic bag. I moved over so he could order.He looked at the board,checked his pockets and didn't seem to
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have enough for anything.So , he turned around and walked out.I picked up my coffee and followed__3__out. He__4__(go) maybe five paces when I shouted,“ Hey! Do you want a pizza?” A little __5__(embarrass), he said“I don't have any money.”I told him __6__ (come)

back in.We approached the cashier and I said,“What kind do you want?”He __7__ (whisper), “Sandwich.”I said.“Go ahead.Tell her what you want.” “Do you want anything __8__? ” “Can I have a coffee?”, he asked me. I said,“ Yes. Tell her.” He did. The total came to$2.30, which is small change __9__(compare) to what the typical person spends in a day.But to him, it __10__(make)a great difference. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:在麦当劳排队时,作者帮助了一位穷人。 答案: 1.when be going to do...when...“正要??就在这时(突然)??”。 2.belongings belongings“财产”。 3.him 我端起咖啡跟了出去。此处 him 指代 the man。 4.had gone 符合语境。 5.embarrassed come 修饰人用过去分词形式的形容词。 在我喊住他之前,他已经走了大约五步。过去完成时表示“过去的过去”

tell sb. to do sth.“告诉某人做某事”。

7.whispered 分析语境,此处填谓语动词;再由全文时态可知,用一般过去时。 8.else/more 9.compared Do you want anything else/more?“你还要点什么?”。 compared to“与??相比”。 根据全文时态,用一般过去时;must have done 表示对过去的

10.made/must have made 一个事情的肯定推测。

【辽宁卷题型】 (2014· 山西省阳泉市二模) M:Auntie, your home must be very close to the airport. It has taken no more than half an hour to drive from the airport __1__ your house. W:Yes, it would __2__(take) us more than an hour to drive to town if we hadn't lived closer to the airport. Now, would you like to get inside the restaurant and get __3__ to eat? M:That sounds great. I __4__(starve) now. W:What would you like to eat? M:What about some rice and some vegetables? W:Honey, you are now in America. You should get used to American food. How about __5__(eat) some pizzas?
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M:I think American pizza is different from __6__I have tasted in China. __7__, I wouldn't miss the chance to taste American pizza now that I'm in America. W:George might be coming home soon, so we __8__ as well order two large pizzas. M:Who is George? W:He is the American name of your cousin. M:Now that I'm in America, I wish I would have __9__ American name as well. But I have no __10__ what name I want. W:Let's just call you Mike, a good American name. And now, it's high time we started to enjoy the food. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:Auntie 接待来自中国的朋友的事情。 答案: 考查介词。“从??到??”。 2.have taken 考查时态。由空后的“if we hadn't lived closer to the airport”可推知,这是对 过去的事实的假设,所以主句应该使用 would have done 形式。 3.something 一些;什么”。 starving 考查时态。由时间状语 now 和上下文语境可知,此处用现在进行时。 考查代词。到旅馆来吃点“什么”。something 表示模糊的概念 “若干,

5.eating 考查非谓语动词。How about doing sth.?“做某事如何?何不做某事?”。 6.what 考查名词性从句连接词。此处 from 后接宾语从句,从句中 tasted 缺少宾语,所 以使用 what。 7.Therefore/So 考查连词。前后句意为因果关系,所以 therefore 或 so。 8.may/might 考查情态动词。may/might as well do sth.“最好??;还是??为好;不 妨??”。 真希望自己也有一个美国名字。此处用不定冠词表示泛指,而 American 首字母是 元音音素,所以用 an 不用 a。 10.idea 考查名词固定搭配。have no idea“不知道”。 十四 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 【全国新课标卷题型】 (2014· 山西大学附中 5 月) Beer and fried chicken—this combo has recently become the __1__(popular) latenight snack eaten inside dorms and documented in Weibo and Wechat updates. Thanks to the popular South Korean drama Man From the Stars, this new mixandmatch junk food trend has taken off __2__
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young audiences despite its __3__(health) nature. Indeed, Kdramas have been __4__ major force in the South Korean pop culture wave __5__ has captured the hearts of young Chinese. Apart from pretty faces, fashion is __6__ highlight. Critics and Industry insiders agree that the recipe for Kdramas' success __7__(consist) of several main ingredients—handsome and cute stars __8__(dress) in the latest fashion trends; youth fantasies; and __9__(create) storylines. With love triangles, serious diseases, and Cinderella tales, the storylines in Kdrama might seem commonplace. Man From the Stars challenges this norm by integrating aliens __10__ time travel into these standard stories. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意: 《来自星星的你》的成功原因探究。 答案: 1.most popular 炸鸡和啤酒,这个看似怪异的搭配,最近竟成了宿舍里最受追捧的夜宵 和微博、微信上最火的词语。多音节形容词、副词的最高级是在其前加 the most。 2.among 因为正在热播的韩剧《来自星星的你》的关系,这一垃圾食品的全新混搭组

合尽管有害健康,但还是受到年轻观众的追捧。 3.unhealthy 见上题解析。 4.a 的确,韩国电视剧(简称:韩剧),已成为推动韩国流行文化潮流的主力军,成功虏 获了中国年轻观众的心。 5.that/which 此处为定语从句的引导词。

6.another 除了俊男美女,时尚是另外一个亮点。another“另一,再一”。 7.consists consist of“由??组成”,主语是 success,所以用其单数第三人称。 8.dressed and 前后是名词词组。所以此处用非谓语动词,由短语 be dressed in 可知,用 过去分词形式。 9.creative 有创造力的故事情节。creative“有创造力的”。

10.and 《来自星星的你》将外星人和穿越融入到剧情当中,颠覆了韩剧剧情的定式。

【辽宁卷题型】 (2014· 银川市三校联考) Interviewer:Hi, young man. Could you tell me something about yourself and why you are applying __1__ this job? Interviewee:I left school three months ago. I got As in nearly every subject. I am not going to university __2__ I have to support my family now. My father __3__(retire) recently. My parents need money for my younger brother and sister's tuition fees. Interviewer:I see. Have you had any __4__ (work) experience?

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Interviewee:I worked in __5__ radio factory for two months. Interviewer:That's a very short time, isn't it? Interviewee:Yes. The factory wanted extra people for their busy season. Interviewer:I understand. __6__ are you interested in this job? Interviewee:My wish is to become a skilled technician. Will I be trained here? Interviewer:Partly. If you __7__(pass) our tests, you will be able to go to technical school classes twice a week. The tests are held after you have been here for three months. We'll know by then if you're __8__( suit ) for the job. Interviewee:That's fine. I will make sure that I pass. Interviewer: All right. I'll give you a __9__. My secretary will tell you __10__ to see. You could start work on the first day of next month. Is that all right? Interviewee:Yes, and thank you very much indeed. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:本文记叙了一次求职经历。 答案: 1.for apply for“申请”。 2.because 我不上大学因为我要养家。前后句之间是因果关系,所以填 because。 3.has retired 由时间状语 recently 可知,用现在完成时。 4.working working experience“工作经验”。working 作定语。 5.a 我在一家无线电厂工作了两个月。factory 为可数名词,在此表泛指,所以填 a。 6.Why 由答语“My wish is to become a skilled technician.”可知,此处问的是申请该工作 的原因。 7.pass/can pass if 引导的条件句用一般现在时表将来。 8.suitable be suitable for... “适合??”。

9.chance 面试官答应给面试者一个“机会”。 10.whom 秘书会告诉你去见“谁”。 十五 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 【全国新课标卷题型】 (2014· 东北三省四市第二联考) The task of being accepted in a university begins early for some students. Long before they graduate __1__ high school, these students take special courses to prepare for advanced study. They may also take one or more examinations that test __2__ well prepared they are for the university. In the final year of high school, they complete __3__(apply) and send them to the universities __4__
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interest them most.

Some high school students may be required to have __5__ interview with

people from the university. __6__(neat) dressed and a little bit frightened, they are determined to show that they have a good attitude and the ability to succeed. If the new students __7__(accept), many universities will offer an instruction program for them to get to know the procedures for students advising, university rules, the use of the library and all the __8__ major services of the university. Beginning a new life in a new place can be very students have about the school, the easier __10__ __9__(puzzle). The more knowledge will be for them to adapt to the new

environment. However, it takes time to get used to college life. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:本文是一篇说明文。有些高中生很早就开始为大学做准备,特别是在高中的 最后阶段,他们需要充分备考。进入大学之后,他们会得到学校的指导,以便更快地适应大 学生活。 答案: 1.from 考查介词。根据文章的第一句话可知,空格前的“graduate”应与介词 from 搭配, 意为“从??毕业”,符合文意。故空格处填 from。 考查宾语从句。“test”之后接的是宾语从句,well prepared 是形容词短语,应用 how 来修饰。故空格处填 how。 3.applications 考查名词。空格处在句中作宾语,由此结合空格后的代词“them”可知,

空格处应用提示词的名词复数形式。故空格处填 applications。 4.which/that 考查定语从句。“universities”作为定语从句的先行词并且在从句中作主语, 因此应用 which/that 作为定语从句的引导词。故空格处填 which/that。 考查冠词。根据语境可知,空格处表示的是泛指,interview 读音的第一个音素是 元音,因此应用不定冠词 an。故空格处填 an。 6.Neatly 考查副词。空格处在句中作状语,修饰 dressed,因此应用提示词的副词形式。 故空格处填 Neatly。注意单词首字母大写。 7.are accepted 考查动词的时态和语态。空格处在句中作谓语,且与主语是被动关系, 由此结合“主将从现”原则可知,空格处应用一般现在时的被动语态结构。故空格处填 are accepted。 8.other 考查代词。根据空格前内容可知,此处指的是大学的其他主要服务。故空格处 填 other。 9.puzzling 考查形容词。空格处在句中作表语,由此结合句中的主语可知,空格处应用 提示词的现在分词形式(此处为现在分词形容词化)。故空格处填 puzzling。 考查代词。分析句子结构可知,空格处在句中作形式主语,真正的主语是不定式

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短语,而能够作形式主语的代词只有 it。故空格处填 it。 【辽宁卷题型】 (2014· 太原市二模) Mary:Tom, it seems that people are again aware of the importance of learning, so “lifelong learning” __1__(become) a very fashionable term recently. Can you explain exactly what it means? Tom:Well. It's a philosophy, or you may say an attitude towards learning. __2__(tradition), we have thought of learning as something we did when we were young. We went to school, maybe college or university, then the majority went to work, and “learning” stopped. Well, nowadays, __3__ you know, learning does not stop there. Mary:You mean, we should be learning all the time? Tom: Exactly. We should be learning all the time as long as we are living. We should never give __4__ our dream. Mary:I see. But you know I can't afford to go to school. Tom: This is where the Internet plays __5__ important role. We can learn about everything from the Internet. It is an information service—it keeps us __6__(inform) about whatever we want to know. Mary:Can I get information about music I want to know? Tom:Surely. The Internet provides a medium of education you need. Let's compare __7__ with the traditional way of gaining education—going to an educational institute and enrolling in We probably attend __8__(lesson) and have both teachers and textbooks. Mary:It's so __9__(convenient) for us adults to attend traditional classes. Tom:That's right. But with the Internet, we can search for any information we need in the comforts of our homes. Mary:I feel so happy. Now, I can realize my dream __10__ stepping out of my house. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:本文是一篇对话。主要介绍了何为终身学习以及网络学校的好处。 答案: 1.has become 考查动词的时态。根据句子结构可知,所给词在句中作谓语动词,因此 learning”可知, classes.

根据句中的时间状语“recently”可知, 此处需用现在完成时, 根据主语“lifelong

have 应用第三人称单数形式。故填 has become。注意 become 的过去分词和原形一样。 2.Traditionally 考查副词。根据句子结构可知,所填的词是用来修饰整个句子的,所以 应用副词。又因为在句首故首字母要大写。故填 Traditionally。 考查连词。根据句子语境可知,此处表示“如同你所了解的一样”,空格处引导 非限制性定语从句,用来代替整句话的意思。故填 as。

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4.up 考查副词。根据语境可知,此处指“放弃”的意思。故填 up。 5. an 考查冠词。 此处是短语“play a role”, 意为“起作用”, 又因为本句中有“important” 修饰。故填 an。 6.informed 考查非谓语动词。根据题干结构可知,“inform”在句中作宾补,而且与宾语

“us”之间是逻辑上的被动关系。 “keep sb.informed about/of”意为“让某人了解??”。故填 informed。 考查代词。此处指将网络教育与传统教育相对比。所填的词用来代替上句提到的

“The Internet”。故填 it。 8.lessons 考查名词复数。与其后的“teachers and textbooks”相照应可知,此处应用复数 形式。故填 lessons。 9.inconvenient 考查形容词。根据上下文语境可知,此处强调网络学习的便利,而传统 方式与之相比就不那么便利了。故填 inconvenient。 10. without 考查介词。 此处指通过网络学习不出家门就能学到想学的东西。 故填 without。 十六 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 【全国新课标卷题型】 (2014· 广州市二模) The “suspended coffee” project began in Italian café s as a way to help the poor. The idea was for cafécustomers to buy an extra cup of coffee and reserve __1__ for those unable to afford a hot drink. Since then it __2__(gain) popularity in Europe, and now the idea has reached Shanghai. Chiato Coffee, __3__ operates in Pudong Library, began offering suspended coffee last Tuesday. On the first day, the shop sold 31 cups of the reserved coffee,__4__ only four were drunk. The manager said the first customer for suspended coffee was a man in his 40s, who felt it was __5__ interesting idea and worth trying. Cao Jie, the caféowner, says few people have taken up the offer __6__ they don't know about it. But she believes that the program will be very __7__(practice) in China, and she hopes the concept can be spread to other businesses. Ma Lingling, a tea specialist says that, compared with __8__(donate) money, food or clothing, helping people to drink coffee is a kind of spiritual care, which provides the receiver with more respect and dignity. But she thinks the caféshould make more efforts __9__(convince) people that their donations will really reach those people truly __10__ need. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:本文是一篇记叙文。文章介绍的是一种被称为 “待用咖啡”的爱心活动,倡 议人们额外多买一杯咖啡,献给那些买不起咖啡的人。

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答案: 1. it 考查代词。 根据空格前内容可知, 空格处指代的是前面提到的 an extra cup of coffee, 表特指。故空格处填 it。 2.has gained 考查动词的时态。根据空格前的时间状语“Since then”可知,空格处应用现 在完成时。故空格处填 has gained。 3.which 考查定语从句。“Chiato Coffee”为定语从句的先行词在从句中作主语,因此应 用关系代词 which 作为引导词。故空格处填 which。 4.but 考查连词。根据空格处前后的内容可知,空格处表示的是转折关系,因此应用连 词 but。故空格处填 but。 考查冠词。根据语境可知,空格后的名词“idea”表示的是泛指,因此空格处应用

不定冠词,又因为“idea”以元音音素开头。故空格处填 an。 6.because 考查状语从句。空格后的内容表示的是原因,因此应用 because 来引导原因 状语从句。故空格处填 because。 7.practical 考查形容词。空格处在句中作表语,因此应用提示词的形容词形式。故空格 处填 practical。 8.donating convince 考查非谓语动词。介词 with 之后应接动名词作宾语。故空格处填 donating。 考查非谓语动词。根据动词短语“make efforts to do sth.”可知,空格处应用

动词不定式。故空格处填 to convince。 考查介词。根据语境并结合空格后的名词“need”可知,此处为介词短语“in need”,

意为“处于需要中的”。故空格处填 in。 【辽宁卷题型】 (2014· 东北三省四市第一次联考) Jack:Hello, Julie. Where are you going? Julie:To the cinema. How __1__ coming with me? Jack:I'd love __2__. But I haven't finished my work yet. Julie:What a __3__! I believe it's a very good film. Jack:Do you go to the cinema a lot? Julie:Once a month. Most nights I stay at home __4__(surf) the Internet. Jack:Sounds __5__(relax). By the way,__6__ are you going for your holiday this year? Julie:I haven't decided yet. My husband is going to his mother's for a couple of weeks. She __7__(live) in the countryside, you know. Jack:Oh, does she? It __8__ be a quiet place. Julie:Yes, __9__ I want to go to the seaside. Jack:Don't you like the country?

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Julie:Yes, very much. But I want to get a suntan and go __10__(swim) in the sea this holiday. What are you going to do? Jack:I'm staying at home. Julie:Aren't you going to have a holiday abroad this time? Jack:No, I want to buy a car, and that's going to take every penny I've got. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 答案: 1.about 考查固定搭配。通过语境可知,此处是提出建议,询问对方“和我一起去怎么 样”,所以用 about。 考查动词不定式。此处动词不定式符号 to 后面省略了 go to the cinema。 3.pity 考查名词。根据前面的对话可知,Jack 不能去看电影,所以表示遗憾,用 pity。 4.surfing 考查非谓语动词。此处用 ving 作伴随状语。 5.relaxing 考查形容词。这是一个省略句,句子的主语是 it,要用 ving 形式的形容词 来修饰,relaxing 意为“令人放松的”。 6.where 考查副词。从下文可知,是问去哪儿,所以用 where。 7.lives 考查动词时态。此处陈述客观情况,应用动词的一般现在时态。 8.must 考查情态动词。根据语境可知,那一定是一个很安静的地方。情态动词 must

意为“一定,必须”,符合语境。 9. but 考查连词。 根据语境可知, 虽然说话者认为那是个安静的地方但却更愿意去海边, 表示语意的转折应用 but。 10.swimming 考查固定短语。swimming 意为“游泳”,是固定用法。 十七 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 【全国新课标卷题型】 (2014· 东北三省三校第二次联考) On Thursday Mrs. Clarke locked the door and went to the women's club as usual. When she came home she sensed __1__ unusual. Had someone got in? The back door and the windows were all locked and there was __2__ sign of forced entry. Had anything been taken? She went from room to room checking and __3__(find) her spare camera missing. The following Thursday she went out at her usual time, but she just took a short walk in a park nearby, came home through the back door and settled down to wait and see what __4__(happen). It was 4 o'clock __5__ the front doorbell rang. Mrs. Clarke was making tea at the time. The bell rang again, and then she heard her letterbox __6__(push) open. Picking up the kettle of boiling water, she moved quietly towards the door. A piece of __7__ appeared through the letterbox, and

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then a hand. __8__

wire turned and caught around the knob (圆钮)on the doorlock. Mrs. Clarke __9__ the hand. A sharp cry was heard outside as the

raised the kettle and poured the hot water sound of running feet.

wire fell to the floor and the hand was __10__ (instant) pulled back, which was followed by the 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:本文是一篇记叙文,主要讲述了一位女士在家中智斗歹徒的故事。 答案: 1.something 考查代词。根据下句“Had someone got in?”可推知,Mrs. Clarke 发觉家

里有异常。故用 something。形容词修饰不定代词放在不定代词之后。 考查形容词。根据下句“Had anything been taken?”的疑问并结合上文中的“The back door and the windows were all locked”可推知, Mrs.Clarke 只是觉得发生了不同寻常的事情, 门窗都锁着, 并没有任何强行进入的迹象。 修饰名词的词为形容词, 故用 no,而不是副词 not。 3.found 考查动词的时态。根据“and”可知,此处与谓语动词“went”并列,表示几乎同

时发生的动作,应用一般过去时。故用 found。 4.would happen 考查动词的时态。根据语境“wait and see”可知,事情还没有发生,且本 句是一般过去时的句子,故此处用过去将来时,即 would do 的形式。故用 would happen。 5. when 考查连词。 固定句型: it is/was+时间点+when...意为“当??时候是几点了”, when 符合语境。故用 when。 6.being pushed 考查非谓语动词。hear sb./ sth.意为“听到某人或某物做或正 在做某事”。此处表示正在做,且 push 和 letterbox 在逻辑上构成被动关系,故用现在分词的 被动形式作宾语补足语。故用 being pushed。 7.wire 考查名词。根据下文中的“wire turned...”可知,此处表示线。故用 wire。 8.The 考查冠词。空格后的 wire 是第二次出现在文中,故用定冠词,表示特指。故用 The。 9.over/on 考查介词。根据语境可知,此处表示把热水倾倒在手上。故用 over/on。

10.instantly 考查副词。修饰动词的词为副词,故此处用 instantly 修饰动词短语“pulled back”。 【辽宁卷题型】 (2014· 银川市二模) Alice:Hello, Bob. Long time no see. How are you getting along with our preparations for the entrance exam? Bob:Well, I really can't tell. __1__, I'm doing my best, __2__(work) day and night. Alice:__3__ am I. Sometimes I feel very tired,__4__ physically and mentally.

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Bob:I feel __5__ same. I often suffer from headaches and general weakness. Not enough time for sleeping. I don't know __6__ will become of me if it goes on like this for long. Alice:And __7__ time for sports, even music, not to mention films and TV programs. All we can see is exercises, exam papers and this sort of things. Bob:It seems that to go to college is the only choice of our future life. Alice:__8__(certain) not. Even if we can't go to college, we can take up many other jobs and do our best for the society as well. Bob:Quite right. But we'll get more knowledge after studying several years at college. That means we can work __9__(well) for our country and people after graduation. In addition, our parents lay great hope on us. We shouldn't make them __10__(disappoint). 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:本文是一段关于准备大学入学考试的辛苦以及上大学的意义的对话。 答案: 1. Anyhow/Anyway 考查副词。 根据前后两句句意可知, 此处应该表示让步转折的意思。 故填 Anyhow/Anyway 意为“无论怎样,无论如何”。 2.working 考查非谓语动词。根据句子结构可知,所填的词在句中作伴随状语,与其逻 辑主语“I”之间是逻辑上的主动关系。故填 working。 3.So 考查代词。根据句子结构可知,本句话是一个部分倒装句,意为“我同你一样”。 因此填 So,用来代替上文肯定的句子,表示第二个人的情况与第一个人一样。 4.both 考查固定搭配。根据大意可知,此处应指“身心俱疲”的意思。故填 both,与 and 连用,表示“??和??都”。 5.the 考查冠词。the same 意为“相同的”,是固定用法。故填 the。 6.what 考查宾语从句。根据题干结构可知,本句话是一个宾语从句,从句中缺少主语, 同时结合句子大意可知,此处是指“什么”的意思。故填 what。 考查形容词。根据上下句可知,他们没有时间运动。故填 no。 8.Certainly 考查固定用法。certainly not 是固定用法,意为“当然不”,此处是对上文 中的“go to college is the only choice of our future life”的否定。故填 Certainly。注意首字母大写。 9.better 考查比较级。根据前两句可知,此处是对上大学和不上大学的对比,所以应用 比较级。故填 better。 10.disappointed 考查形容词。根据句子结构可知,此处所给词在句中作宾补,说明人

的感受,因此需用过去分词转化而来的形容词。故填 disappointed。 十八 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

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【全国新课标卷题型】 (2014· 西宁市二模) Most Americans don't like to get advice __1__ members of their family. They get advice from __2__(strange). When they need advice, they don't usually go to people they know. __3__ many of them write letters to newspapers and magazines __4__ give advice on many different subjects __5__(include) family problems, the use of language, health, cooking, child care, clothes, __6__ even on how to buy a house or a car. Most newspapers __7__(regular) print letters from readers with problems. Along with the letters there are __8__ written by people who are supposed to know how to solve such problems. Some of these writers are doctors, __9__ are lawyers or educators. But two of the most famous writers of advice are women without special __10__(train) for this kind of work. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大章:本文是一篇说明文。文章主要介绍了美国人寻求建议的方式和途径。 答案: 1. from 考查介词。 固定搭配: get sth. from sb.意为“从某人那里得到某物”, 与下文“They get advice from”相呼应。故用介词 from。 2.strangers 考查词性转换。介词后跟名词、代词或动名词作宾语,且此处指人,与上

文“their family”形成对比。故用可数名词复数形式:strangers。 3.Instead 考查副词。根据语境可知,上下句之间表示逻辑上的对比关系,语气不那么

强烈,不表示转折关系。故用副词 Instead,而不是 But。注意首字母大写。 4.that/which 考查定语从句。that/which 引导定语从句,在从句中作主语,修饰先行词

“newspapers and magazines”,符合语境。故用 that/which。 5.including 考查介词。句子已经有了谓语“give”,在没有连词的情况下不需要动词,且 和“subjects”为逻辑上的主动关系。故此处用介词 including,符合语境。 6.and 考查连词。根据语境可知,上下句之间表示逻辑上的并列关系,与下文“even”

相呼应。故用并列连词 and。 7.regularly 考查副词。修饰动词的词为副词。故此处用 regularly 修饰谓语动词“print”。 8.answers 考查名词。根据下文“people who are supposed to know how to solve such problems”可知,此处是指这些人提供一些答案,且与谓语动词 “are” 相呼应。故用复数名词 answers。 9.others 考查代词。与上文“Some of”相呼应可知,此处用 others,意为“其他人”,表 泛指,符合语境。故用代词 others。 考查动名词。形容词修饰名词作定语。故此处用动名词 training。 【辽宁卷题型】

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(2014· 贵阳市二模) W:Hi, Mr. Lee, I am __1__ reporter from the New York Times. It will be great __2__ you can tell me some information about chopsticks, __3__ their origin and the materials they are made from. M:Good question. Chopsticks originated in China, but they are __4__(wide) used in many Asian countries. Chopsticks may be made of any of the __5__(follow) materials: bamboo, wood, gold, silver, ivory, or plastic, and they may be __6__ round or square. Some chopsticks are decorated __7__ colored pictures. Ordinary chopsticks used in Chinese homes are made of wood or bamboo. In ancient times, the rich used jade or gold chopsticks to display their wealth. Many kings and emperors used silver chopsticks to see if their food had been poisoned. W:OK, thank you. And I'd like to know why Chinese people use chopsticks. __8__ not knives and forks, like Americans?

M: Oh, that is a good question. I think Chinese people choose chopsticks, rather than knives and forks, because Chinese people, under the influence of Confucianism, have traditionally __9__ (consider) knives and forks as symbolizing a type of violence. On the other hand, chopsticks reflect __10__ (gentle) and kindness. And maybe Chinese food simply seems to taste better when eaten with chopsticks. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:本文是一篇对话。对话主要谈论 Lee 先生向纽约时报记者介绍中国的筷子文 化,包括筷子的原料、图案以及中国人不使用刀和叉作为餐具的原因。 答案: 1.a 考查冠词的用法。句意为:你好,Lee 先生,我是纽约时报的一名记者。reporter

为可数名词,在句中意为“一名记者”,表泛指。故用不定冠词 a。 2.if 考查连词的用法。句意为;要是你能告诉我一些关于筷子的信息就太好了。if 引导 条件状语从句。故用 if。 3. such as 考查连词。 根据下文中的“their origin and the materials they are made from”可知, 空格处表示列举。故用 such as。 4.widely 考查词性转换。分析该句结构可知,空格处修饰动词“used”,故应用 wide 的 副词形式。be widely used 为固定搭配,意为“被广泛使用”。故用 widely。 5 . following 考查词性转换。句意为:筷子可以由以下材料制成。空格处修饰名词

“materials”。故用 follow 的形容词形式 following。 6.either 考查连词的用法。either... or...为固定搭配,意为“或者??或者??”;此处 指筷子或被制成圆形的,或被制成方形的。故用 either。

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7 . with

考查介词的用法。句意为:一些筷子用彩色画装饰。 be decorated with 意为

“用??装饰”。故用 with。 8.Why 考查疑问副词。根据上文中的“why Chinese people use chopsticks”可知,该句句 意为:为什么中国人不像美国人那样使用刀和叉?空格处与“not”连用意为“为什么不”。故 用 Why。注意首字母大写。 9.considered 考查动词的时态。根据该句中的“have”可知,该句的时态为现在完成时, 故空格处应用过去分词形式。故用 considered。 10.gentleness 考查词性转换。句意为:另一方面,筷子反映了亲切和友善。根据该句

中的“and kindness”可知,空格处与名词“kindness”对等,应用名词。故用 gentle 的名词形式 gentleness。 十九 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 【全国新课标卷题型】 (2014· 甘肃省二模) One __1__(rain) night I was driving along a lonely highway __2__ I saw a man walking rapidly ahead of me along the side of the road. It was pouring rain and I slowed down to avoid __3__(splash) him as I went by. He misunderstood, thought I was offering a ride, and ran towards my car. He was very tall, had a full beard and he scared me. I stepped on the gas pedal to leave __4__(quick), and I saw the look of total despair in his eyes. Suddenly, all fear was __5__ (go) and I backed up and unlocked my car door, praying this was not the __6__(big) mistake in my life but somehow knowing it would be okay. The man was a plumber(水暖工), __7__ truck had got __8__ in the mud. He __9__(walk) for miles. No one would pick him up and his wife was in the hospital in labour(分娩) with their first child! He had cried at the __10__(think) that he might not be there. We arrived at the hospital moments before his son was born! 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:本文是一篇记叙文。文章主要讲述了作者在一个雨夜及时帮助他人的感人故 事。 答案: 1.rainy 考查词性转换。修饰名词应用形容词。故用 rainy。 2.when 考查连词。固定句型:be doing sth. when... 意为“正在做某事,突然??”, 符合语境。故用 when。

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考查非谓语动词。avoid doing sth.意为“避免做某事”,为固定搭配,符合

语境。故用 splashing。 4.quickly 考查词性转换。修饰动词应用副词。故用 quickly。 5. gone 考查非谓语动词。 此处 gone 是过去分词充当形容词, 意为“消失的”, 与“was” 构成系表结构,符合语境。故用 gone。 6.biggest 考查形容词最高级。根据下文中的“in my life”,且与“the”相呼应可推知,此 处表示最高级的概念。故用 biggest。 7 . whose 考查定语从句。 whose 引导定语从句,在从句中作定语,修饰先行词“a

plumber(水暖工)”,符合语境。故用 whose。 8. stuck 考查固定搭配。 固定短语搭配: get stuck in 意为“陷入”, 符合语境。 故用 stuck。 9.had been walking 考查动词的时态和语态。根据语境可知,“walk”这个动作发生在作 者遇见水暖工之前(即过去的过去), 而且到作者遇到他时, 还在持续中, 故用过去完成进行时。 故用 had been walking。 10.thought 考查词性转换。冠词修饰名词。故用 thought。 【辽宁卷题型】 (2014· 沈阳市二模) Daisy:Do you have somewhere to stay in London, Peter? Peter:No, I don't. In fact, I was about to ask you to stay. Daisy:Yes, that's no problem though I am not in charge of it. I'll ask someone to arrange __2__for you. What kind of place are you considering? Peter:Well, I don't care if I share it __3__ other people, but I'm not good at housework. Maybe a home stay would be OK, __4__ I don't like young children. As you know, they're __5__(noise) and it's difficult to study. Hopefully, I can live with a lady __6__ has retired. Daisy:OK, that's no problem. But I must warn you that __7__(live) with a family in London is very expensive. Much more expensive than other small cities. Peter: That's not a big problem for I have some money __8__(save). Besides, I can always get __9__ parttime job. I am working in a supermarket as a cashier now. So I don't think I will have trouble with money. Daisy:Sounds good. I __10__(call) you if I get some information about that. Peter:OK, that's great. Thank you very much. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:本文是一段对话,主要是关于刚刚来到 London 的 Peter 请求 Daisy 为他安 排住处的一个短文对话。
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__1__ you could arrange some place for me

答案: 1.if/whether 考查连词。分析句子结构可知,空格后是宾语从句。根据句意可知,此处 是 Peter 问是否能为自己安排一个住的地方。在宾语从句中连词表示“是否”的意思,只能够 填 it 或 whether。 2. it/that 考查代词。 句意为: 我会让人为你安排那件事。 此处指代前文提到的住的地方, 因此填代词 it 或 that。 3.with 考查介词。固定搭配 share sth.with sb.意为“与某人分享某物”,由此可知,此

处填介词 with。 4.but 考查连词。根据语境可知,空格后句子与其前的句子之间是转折关系,因此空格 处应填连词 but。 5.noisy 考查形容词。根据空格前的系动词“be”可知,此空应该用所给提示词的形容词 形式作表语,因此此空填 noisy。 6.who/that 考查定语从句。分析句子结构可知,此句是一个定语从句,并且从句中缺

主语,而先行词又是人,因此应用关系代词 who 或 that 引导定语从句。故填 who/that。 live 考查非谓语动词。由于题干中宾语从句的谓语动词是“is”,因此空格处

应该是作从句的主语,此处应该用提示词的动名词或不定式作宾语从句的主语,故空格处应 填 living/to live。 8.saved 考查非谓语动词。句意为:那不是大问题,因为我已攒了一些钱。have sth.done 意为“让某事被做,使某事被做”,符合语境,因此,此空应填过去分词 saved。 9.a 考查冠词。句意为:此外,我总能找到一份兼职工作。此处表示泛指,因此填不定 冠词 a。 10.will call 考查动词的时态。根据语境可知,如果有消息了,“我”会给你打电话。 在 if 引导的条件状语从句中, 从句用一般现在时表将来, 主句用一般将来时。 故此处填 will call。 二十 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 【全国新课标卷题型】 (2014· 包头市二模) Walking around in the huge department store, Kate had to admit it was really difficult to choose a suitable Christmas present for her father. She wished that her father was __1__ easy to please as her mother,__2__ was always delighted with perfume. Besides, shopping at this time of the year is __3__ unpleasant experience: people step on your shoes, push you with their elbows and almost knock you over in their hurry to get to a bargain ahead of you. Partly to have a rest, Kate paused in __4__ of a counter where some attractive ties were on display. “They are real silk and worth the price,” the saleswoman __5__(say) to Kate. But Kate
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knew from past experience that her choice of ties hardly ever pleased her father. She moved on and then quite by chance stopped where a small crowd of men had gathered round a counter. She found some good quality pipes (烟斗) __6__ knew that this was a present which was sure __8__ please him. When she got home with her small but well __9__(choose) present in her bag, her parents were already at table having supper. Her mother was in especially cheerful mood. “Your father has at last decided to stop __10__(smoke),” she informed her daughter. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:本文是一篇记叙文,讲述了 Kate 为一向难以取悦的父亲精心挑选了圣诞礼物, 可是,最后发现还是没有挑对礼物。 sale, and the prices were

reasonable. Kate did not hesitate for long: __7__ her father only smoked a pipe occasionally, she

答案: 考查比较等级。根据本句中的“easy to please as her mother”可知,此处为“as+形 容词的原级+as”的句型。故填 as。 2.who 考查定语从句。先行词“her mother”在非限制性定语从句中作主语,且指人,所 以用关系代词 who 引导。故填 who。 考查冠词的用法。此处“experience”意为“经历”,是可数名词,表示泛指,且

“unpleasant”是以元音音素开头的单词,所以用不定冠词 an。故填 an。 4.front 考查固定短语。固定短语 in front of,意为“在??的前面”,此处是指在柜台 前面。故填 front。 5.said 考查动词的时态。根据全文可知,叙述的是过去发生的事情,所以此处用一般

过去时。故填 said。 6.on/were on 考查固定搭配。固定短语:(be)on sale 意为“出售,减价出售”,符合语境。 故填 on/were on。 7.though/although/even though/while 考查连词辨析。根据下文“her father only smoked a

pipe occasionally”可知, 此处引导让步状语从句, 所以用连词 though/although/even though/while 连接。 考查 sure 的用法。be sure 后接动词不定式作宾语。故填 to。 9.chosen 考查非谓语动词。动词 choose 与被修饰的名词“present”之间构成逻辑上的被 动关系,所以用过去分词作定语。故填 chosen。 10.smoking 考查动词 stop 的用法。句意为:“你父亲终于决定戒烟了,”她告诉女儿。 因此此处 stop 后接动名词作宾语,意为“停止做某事”。故填 smoking。 【辽宁卷题型】
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(2014· 乌鲁木齐三诊) Mary:Hey, John. I hope you haven't been __1__(wait) too long on such a hot day. John:No. I just got here a few minutes __2__. Do you know if smoking is allowed here? Mary:No. This is a __3__ place! You are always smoking. __4__ do you feel when you are smoking? John:Smoking __5__(make) me feel relaxed. I am used to having a cigarette every now and then especially when I am __6__(bore). Mary:How much do you smoke a day? John:I smoke about twenty cigarettes a day. Mary:Well, that's too many. I think you should quit. You know it's bad for your health. John:I've always known it is bad, but I have never thought about giving it __7__. And the people __8__ work with me smoke, too. Mary:You'd better start thinking about it now. You might not feel the __9__(different) now, but after 10 years of smoking, you might feel it, and then it would be too __10__. John:That's a good point. I'll try to quit at once, but I think I'll need your help. Mary:OK. And if you need any help, I'll always be there for you. John:Thanks. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 答案: 1.waiting 考查动词的时态和语态。根据下文“too long on such a hot day”可知,此处表示

过去发生的动作一直持续到现在,故用现在完成进行时,且 wait 和“you”构成主动关系。故用 waiting。 2.ago 考查副词。根据上文“just got”可知,此处表示过去发生的动作,故用 ago,表示 “多久以前”,符合语境。 3.nonsmoking 考查形容词。根据上文“Do you know if smoking is allowed here? No.”可

知,此处是禁烟区。故用形容词 nonsmoking。 4.How 考查特殊疑问词。根据下文“feel relaxed”可知,此处表示问感受如何。故用特 殊疑问词 How。 5.makes 考查主谓一致。动名词或动名词短语作主语,谓语动词用单数形式,且此处

表示一个客观的描述,故用一般现在时的单数形式,即 makes。 6.bored 考查非谓语动词。过去分词作形容词一般修饰人,表示性质,意为“感到?? 的”; 现在分词作形容词, 一般修饰物, 表示“令人??的”。 根据语境可知, 此处修饰人“I”, 故用过去分词 bored,作表语。

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7.up 考查副词。根据语境“but”可知,说话人虽然知道吸烟不好,但是从来没有想过戒 烟。且根据固定短语搭配:give up 意为“放弃”,符合语境。故用副词 up。 8.who/that 考查定语从句。分析句子题干可知,此句是一个定语从句,所填词在从句

中作主语,修饰先行词“people”,故用关系代词 who/that 引导的定语从句,符合语境。 9.difference 考查名词。冠词修饰名词。故此处用 different 的名词形式 difference。 10.late 考查形容词。根据语境可知,此处表示十年后再意识到吸烟的危害性就为时已 晚。故用形容词 late。 二十一 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 【全国新课标卷题型】 (2014· 郑州市三模) Once a farmer's donkey(驴) fell into a deep well. The animal cried loudly for hours, but the farmer couldn't figure out what to do __1__ it. Finally, he decided that the animal was old and that the well needed to be covered anyway, so he (铁铲) and began to put dirt into the well. At first, the donkey realized what was happening and cried __4__(pitiful). Then, to everyone's surprise, the donkey became quiet. A few shovel loads later, the farmer looked down into the well and was astonished at __5__ he saw. __7__ the neighbors continued to put more dirt on top of __8__ well Each shovel of dirt hit its back, but the donkey was doing something __6__(amaze). It was shaking the dirt off and taking a step up. the animal, it would shake the dirt off and take one more step up. Pretty soon everyone was surprised as the donkey stepped up over the edge of and ran off happily! When life sometimes __9__(put) dirt on you, the best way of getting out of the well is to shake the dirt off and take a step up. Each of your troubles is a stepping stone. You can get out of the deepest well just __10__ never giving up! 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:本文是一篇寓言故事,主要讲了一头掉到井里的驴如何成功自救的故事。这 个故事告诉我们:遭遇逆境时不能绝望,要用积极的态度去面对,这样就可能将掩埋你的“沙 土”变成你成功的垫脚石。 答案: 1.with/for/about 考查介词。根据语境可知,此处可以指“应对、处理这件事”的意思, __2__(think) the donkey wasn't worth saving. __3__. They all took a shovel Then, he invited some of his neighbors to come over and help

与“do”连用,故可以填 with 或 about;同时“it”也可以指代“驴”,此时可以填“for”。 2.thought 考查动词的时态。根据上句时态“decided”可知,本句也用一般过去时。故填
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thought。 3.him him。 4.pitifully 考查副词。所给词是用来修饰谓语动词“cried”的,修饰动词应用副词。故填 pitifully。 5. what 考查宾语从句。 根据题干结构可知, 本句话包含一个宾语从句, 从句中缺少“saw” 的宾语,意为“所??的”。故填 what。 6.amazing 考查形容词。所给词在句中用来修饰不定代词“something”,意为“令人感到 考查代词。根据上下文语境可知,他邀请邻居过来帮他一起填埋这头驴。故填

惊奇的”。故填 amazing。 7. As/When 考查时间状语从句。 根据两句话之间的语境逻辑可知, 此处所缺词应意为“随 着……”或者“当……时”。故填 As/When。注意首字母应大写。 8.the 考查冠词。此处特指上文提到的这口井。故填 the。 9.puts 考查动词的时态。根据题干可知,所给词作谓语;同时这是这则寓言故事的道

理,因此时态应用一般现在时。故填 puts。 考查连词。根据语境可知,此处所填词与动名词连用,表示方式手段。故填 by。

【辽宁卷题型】 (2014· 云南省二模) Michael:Could you please tell me more about the homestay family, sir? Teacher:We work with families __1__ enjoy having international students. Our families must meet special requirements before they __2__(invite) to have our international students. We require that the families live in a clean, safe and comfortable area, which is __3__ a reasonable distance of the school, not beyond 30 minutes' traveling time. Michael:Does every student stay with a host family? Teacher:Yes, we try our best to match __4__ of the visiting students with a family. Michael:If I stay with a host family, what should I expect?Teacher:The family will treat you as a guest, and you will be expected __5__(obey) house rules. All families provide a single shared room and a choice of meals. Students __7__(normal) share the bathroom. Michael:What do you think is the biggest advantage of homestay? Teacher:So far, past experience __8__(show) that it is the most effective way to learn the language. But you have to remember, your host family will have different customs and habits from __9__ you are used to. When in Rome, do __10__ 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:本文是一篇情景对话。本对话主要谈到了作为 homestay 家庭的一些具体要求。 the Romans do. __6__

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答案: 1.who/that 考查定语从句。空格处所在句子是一个定语从句,且定语从句的先行词是

“families”,在从句中作主语。故填 who/that。 2.are invited 考查动词的语态。根据上下文的语境可知,“they”与 invite 之间在逻辑上

是被动关系,且说明的是一般的情况。故填 are invited。 3.within 考查介词。根据下文的“not beyond 30 minutes' traveling time”可知,此处指与 学校的距离在一个合理范围内。故填 within。within a distance of 意为“在??距离之内”。 4. each 考查代词。 根据上文的“Does every student stay with...”和下文的“with a 可知,空格处所填词表“每一”的含义,且空格处应填代词。故填 each。 5. to obey 考查非谓语动词。 expect sb. to do sth.意为“希望某人做某事”。 故填 to obey。 6.or 考查连词。“single”与“shared”之间是选择关系,故填 or。 7.normally 考查副词。修饰动词“share”应该用副词。故填 normally。 8.has shown 考查动词的时态。“so far”常常与现在完成时连用。根据前面的“So far”可 以推出,此处应填 has shown。 9.what 考查代词。空格处在此引导宾语从句且在从句中作“to”的宾语。故填 what。 10. as 考查介词。 句意为: 入乡随俗。 When in Rome, do as the Romans do.是固定的俗语。 故填 as。 family”

二十二 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 【全国新课标卷题型】 (2014· 深圳市二模) Fleming was a poor Scottish farmer. One day while working in a field, he heard a cry for help. He immediately __1__(throw) his tools away. Following the sound, Fleming came to a deep bog(沼 泽), in which a boy was screaming and sinking. Fleming tied a rope around __2__own waist and the other end __3__ a tree, and walked into the bog. With great effort he pulled himself and the boy to __4__(safe). He quickly took the boy to his farmhouse, __5__ Mrs. Fleming fed him, dried his clothes, and sent him home. The next day a carriage arrived. A welldressed man stepped out, __6__(say) he was the father of the boy. “You saved my son's life.” said the man.“__7__ can I repay you?” “I don't want payment.” Fleming replied,”Anyone would have done the same. Just then, Fleming's son appeared at the door. “Is he your son?” the man asked. “Yes.” said Fleming __8__(happy). “I have an idea. Let me pay for his education. If he's like his father, he'll grow to be a man we'll both be proud of.”

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And so he did. Thus __9__ farmer's son attended the best schools, graduated from a medical college, and became the worldfamous Nobel prizewinning scientist and discoverer of penicillin, Sir Alexander Fleming. It's said __10__ many years later the man saved from the bog caught pneumonia(肺炎). Penicillin saved his life. His name? Sir Winston Churchill. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意: 本文是一篇记叙文, 讲述了 Fleming 勇救陷入沼泽之中的一个男孩——丘吉尔, 他的父亲为了答谢 Fleming,决定承担 Fleming 儿子的一切学费;后来受到良好教育的 Sir Alexander Fleming 发明了青霉素,由此救了患肺炎的丘吉尔。 答案: 1. threw 考查动词的时态。 根据上句中的“heard”可知, 该句时态为一般过去时。 故用 throw 的过去式 threw。 2.his 考查物主代词。Fleming 将绳索绑在自己的腰上。根据该句中的“own”以及语境可 知,空格处和“own”连用,表示他自己。故用 his。 考查介词的用法。根据语境可知,Fleming 将绳索的另一端系在树上。介词 to 意 为“到,去,向”,符合语境。故用 to。 4. safety 考查词性转换。 根据语境可知, 他努力将男孩和自己拉到安全地带。 此处指“安 全的地方”,因此空格处用形容词 safe 的名词形式。故用 safety。 5. where 考查定语从句。 分析该句结构可知, 空格后为定语从句, 先行词为“farmhouse”, 在从句中作地点状语。故用 where 引导该定语从句。 6.saying 考查非谓语动词。分析该句结构可知,空格处作主句的状语,动词“say”和该

句主语“A welldressed man”之间在逻辑上为主动关系, 并表示动作伴随发生, 故用动词的现 在分词形式 saying。 7.How 考查疑问副词。根据语境可知,那个男子说:“你救了我儿子的性命,我该如 何感谢你?”故用疑问副词 how,意为“怎样,如何”。注意首字母要大写。 8.happily 副词 happily。 9.the 考查冠词的用法。句意为:因而,这个农夫的儿子进入了最好的学校。空格处特 指上文提及的 Fleming 的儿子。故用定冠词 the。 10.that 考查连接代词。句意为:据说多年以后,那个从沼泽中被拯救的男子得了肺炎。 It is said that...为固定句型,意为“据说??”。故用 that。 【辽宁卷题型】 (2014· 海口市调测) 考查词性转换。分析该句结构可知,空格处修饰该句中的动词“said”。故用

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John:I've been noticing recently quite a lot of black smoke coming out of the chimneys of that factory near our school. __1__ really pollutes the air here. Mary:Yes. But I heard recently that the __2__(own) of the factory have promised to take measures to reduce their factory's pollution. John:I hope they will keep their promise. Mary:I think they will. I've been told that __3__ special machine is supposed to be fixed by the end of this year. It's said that the machine can clean the dust out of the smoke __4__ it goes into the air. John: That's good. Dust is really __5__(harm) to our lungs. I know that because my family lives near a steel factory with a chimney constantly __6__(pour) out black smoke. Mary:Oh, you live near the steel factory? Is it true that we shouldn't eat the fish from the lake near the steel factory? John:Yes, that's true—the lake __7__(pollute) by waste from the steel factory. Mary:Why don't they do anything to clean up the pollution? John:They always promise, __8__ they never act. A bit of action is Mary:You're quite __10__. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:本文是一篇情景对话,讨论了工厂污染环境的问题。 答案: 1.It/That/The factory/That factory 考查代词或名词。此处指上句话提到的这家工厂严重 污染空气,故可以填 It/That,指代上文出现的名词;或 The factory/That factory。注意首字母 要大写。 2.owners 考查名词。根据句子结构和句意可知,此处是“主人”的意思;同时根据题 干中谓语动词“have promised”可知,应该用复数,故填 owners。 3.a 考查冠词。根据句意可知,此处是表示“一种”的意思。故填 a。 4.before 考查连词。根据题干结构可知,此处需要用连词来连接两句话,同时根据空 __9__ we need.

格前后句意可知,所缺词意为“在??之前”。故填 before。 5. harmful 考查形容词。 根据题干结构可知, 所填词应是形容词, 故填 harmful。 be harmful to 意为“对??有害”。 6.pouring 考查非谓语动词。根据题干中“with”可知,所填词在句中作宾补,而且与宾

语之间是主动关系,强调动作正在发生。故填 pouring。 7.has been polluted 考查动词的时态和语态。根据题干大意可知,此处指被动,而且强 调对现在的影响。故填 has been polluted。 8.but 考查连词。前后两句话之间是明显的转折关系。故填 but,指他们总是承诺,但
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从不行动。 9.what/all/all that 考查表语从句或定语从句。根据题干结构可知,本句话是一个表语从 句,从句中缺少“need”的宾语,意为“??的东西”,故填 what。同时 what 引导的名词性从 句常可以转换为“all that”结构的定语从句。因为在本句中先行词在从句中作宾语,所以关系代 词 that 可以省去。 10.right/correct 考查形容词。此处是表示同意对方所说的,意为“对的,正确的”,故填 right/correct。

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