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高考完型填空解题技巧(公开课)


高考完形填空 解题技巧之 复现

解题技巧 一、复现 长难句分析 关联关系

二、结构

三、文化背景常识

1、同词复现

一、复现

2、同义词或近义词复现

3、上义词和下义词复现

1、同词复现 什么是同词复现?
同词复现是指同一个词、同义异形词或 同一概念的词在上下文中不断出现。

Example
Tales of the supernatural are common in all parts of Britain. In particular, there was (and perhaps still is) a belief in fairies(仙女). Not all of these ___21____ are the friendly, people-loving characters that appear in Disney films, and ...

21、A. babies B. believers C. fairies D. supermen

Practice
请根据同词复现技巧,选择最佳选项,再找出每题 的线索词(clue words) 。

(1) It has been argued by some that gifted children should be grouped in special classes. The 1 has been on the belief that in regular classes these children are held back in their intellectual (智力的) growth by learning situation that has designed for the average children. A. Principle B. theory C. arguments D. classification

(2)Many are concerned that gifted children become bored and lose interest in learning .However this ___11____is more often from parents and teachers than from students. . A concern B. conclusion C. reflection D. interest

(3)Wouldn’t it be great if we didn’t have to remember passwords ever again? If we could just sit in front of our computers and be automatically logged in? Crave mentions how NEC Soft Biode Logon system uses face recognition technology to log you on to Windows, rather than using a ____22_____.

A. face B. password C. software D. system

(4) Grasslands need time to recover when cattle and other animals feed on them. Moving animals from one field to another can provide the _____22_____needed for new growth.

A. cattle B. time C. space D. help

(5) I began to take risks. I had been so afraid of failing… She taught me to take chances and not be____.

A. bored C. sad

B. lazy D. afraid

(6) She trusted me to complete things, so I completed them perfectly… Her ______ in me has inspired me to do things that I never imagined…
A. trust B. patience

C. curiosity

D. interest

2.同义词或近义词复现 什么是同义词或近义词复现?
在英语中有时为了避免重复,常用意思相同 或相近的词或解释性的语言来连接上下文, 这就是同义词或近义词复现。

Example There were many ways to prevent this from happening: hanging a knife over the baby’s head while he slept or covering him with some of his father’s clothes were just two of the recommended__________.

A. cases B. tools C. steps D. methods

Practice

请根据同义词或近义词复现技巧,选择最佳选项,再找出 每题的线索词(clue words) 。

(7) On 27 February 2008, something unusual happened in Britain: there was a rather large earthquake. It was the _____21_____UK earthquake in 25 years.

A. biggest C. deadliest

B. loudest D. scariest

(8)Years later, when I stood in the kitchen of my new house, thinking how I wanted to make my ____ Christmas there special and memorable…

A. present
C. recent

B. first
D. previous

(9) Beans is a white dog, quite handsome and very ____. He __________________ not only understands _________________________________ what we tell him, but also often makes ___________________________ sounds as if he were trying to …

A. smart
C. slow

B. sweet
D. shy

(10) when Sam showed signs of autism (自闭症)at the age of two. He had actually stopped talking before the discovery of the signs. He _____ to communicate with others, even the family members.
A. tried B. refused

C. regretted

D. hoped

3.上义词和下义词复现 什么是上义词和下义词复现?
上义词是总称词,下义词是被包含的个体 或种类。上义词和下义词是包含和被包含关系。 如:food是bread, noodle, milk, rice的 上义词 反之bread, noodle, milk, rice是food的 下义词

Practice
请根据上义词和下义词复现技巧,选择最佳选项, 再找出每题的线索词(clue words) 。

(11)He taught her how to rely on her other ____, specifically(特别地) her hearing… A. feeling B. organs C. skills D. senses

(12)When these children become adults, they might be placed in a disadvantaged position ___________________________ in schools, in the job market or in their marriage issue. Sometimes they ____________________ might feel discriminated(受歧视的) against in _____.
A.workplace B. society

C. family

D. committee

Consolidation :
完成下面的完形填空 ,并请在出 现“复现”的地方将其标记出来。

语言知识及应用(共两节,满分35分) 第一节 完形填空(共10小题;每小题2分,满分20分)

Every country has its own culture. Even though each country uses doors .Doors may have__21___functions and purposes which lead to ___22__differences. When I first came to America, I noticed that a public building had two different__23___ and they had distinct functions. You have to push the door with the word “PUSH” to go out of the building and to pull the door with the word “PULL” to_24_____the building. This was new to me, because we use the ____25__door in south Korea. For quite a few times I failed to go out of a shopping centre and was embarrassed.

The way of using school bus doors was also ____26__to me .I used to take the school bus to classes. The school decided that when the driver opened both the front and back doors, ___ 27 __who were getting off the bus should get off first , and students who were getting on should get on __28__. In south Korea, we do not need to wait for people to get off. One morning, I hurried to the bus ,and when the bus doors opened, I___29____tried to get on the school bus through the front door. All the students around looked at me, I was totally__30____,and my face went red.

B. important A 21. A. different C. practical D. unusual B. embarrassing C 22. A. national C. cultural D. amazing D 23. A. exits B. entrances C. signs D. doors C. open D. close A 24.A.enter B. leave B 25. A. main B. same C. front D. back D 26.A.annoying B. hard C. satisfying D. strange B 27.A.parents B. students C. teachers D. drivers B 28.A.sooner B. later C. faster D. earlier B. patiently C 29. A. politely C. unconsciously D. slowly A 30. A. embarrassed B. annoyed C. unsatisfied D. excited

Summary
1、同词复现

高考完形填空 解题技巧之 复现

2、同义词或近义词复现

3、上义词和下义词复现

Homework:
完成一篇完形填空 ,并请在出现“复现” 的地方将其标记出来。



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