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Unit 3 导学案(学生)period 5


汉川市联片十一校交流学案 单元:三

节次:5

学科:英语

Unit 3 Could you please clean your room?
Period 5 (Section A 2a~2e)

年级:八 制作人:段志 学校:韩集中学 修改标注 【课堂导学】

审订

人:周庆德

时间:________

学生姓名________ 修改标注

【学习目标】 1. 重点单词: chore, stress, waste, provide, anyway, depend, develop, fairness, since, neighbor, result, ill, drop, independence, independet 2. 重点短语:a piece of, in order to, depend on, look after, as a result, take care of, fall ill 3. 重点句型:Housework is a waste of their time. They should spend their time on schoolwork in order to get good grades and get into a good university. There is no need for them to do it now. 【重 点】
1. 重点短语和句型。 2. 泛读技巧。

【难

点】

1. 重点短语和句型。 2. 泛读技巧。

【使用说明】 【预习指导】
一. 汉译英. 1. 让/使某人做某事 3. 某人花时间 /金 钱在某物上 5. 为某人提供某物 7. 尽自己的职责 做某事 9. 照顾,照料 11. 进入 13. 浪费时间 15. 不介意 2. 在?压力之下 4. 目的是,为了 6. 依靠,依赖 8. 不知道 10. 结果,因此 12. 生病 14. 对?来说没有 必要 15. ?是不够的

二. 根据句意及汉语提示完成单词. 1. James felt very bored because he had a lot of (精神压力). 2. Don’t watch TV too much. It’s a (浪费) of time. 3. The book (提供) us with a lot of information a bout first-aid(急救). 4. We should (发展) a healthy eating habit. 5. Don’t always (依靠) on your parents. You aren’t children any longer.

Stet 1. Activity 2a. Discuss the questions with your partner.与你的同伴一起舆论这些问题。 Stet 2. Activity 2b. The Sunday Mail magazine invited parents to write about whether they think young people should do chores at home. Skim the following letters. Which one agrees and which one disagrees. 《星期日邮报》 杂志邀请家长点关于他们是否认为为年轻人应该 在家里做家务的情况。略读下面的信。哪一封信同意?哪一封信不同意? Dear Sir, I do not understand why some parents make their kids help with housework and chores at home. Kids these days already have enough stress from school. They do not have time to study and do housework, too. Housework is a waste of their time. Could we just let them do their job as students? They should spend their time on schoolwork in order to get good grades and get into a good university. Also, when they get older, they will have to do housework so there is no need for them to do it now. It is the parents’ job to provide a clean and comfortable environment at home for their children. And anyway, I think doing chores is not so difficult. I do not mind doing them. Ms. Miller Dear Sir, I think it is important for children to learn how to do chores and help their parents with housework. It is not enough to just get good grades at school. Children these days depend on their parents too much. They are always asking, “Could you get this for me?” or “Could you help me with that?” Doing chores helps to develop children’s independence and teaches them how to look after themselves. It also helps them to understand the idea of fairness. Since they live in one house with their parents, they should know that everyone should do their part in keeping it clean and tidy. Our neighbors’ son got a good college but during his first year, he had no idea how to take care of himself. As a result, he often fell ill and his grades dropped. The earlier kids learn to be independent, the better it is for their future. Mr. Smith 【要点解析】 1. I do not understand why some parents make their kids help with housework and chores at home.我不理解为什么一些家长让他们的孩子在家里帮着做家务。 make sb. do sth.意为“让/使某人做某事” 。do sth.为省略 to 动词不定式作宾语补足 语。 E.g.: He there two hours.他让我在那 里等了两个小时。 2. Kids these days already have enough stress from school.现在的孩子们已经有来自学 校的足够的压力了。 stress 通常用作不可数名词,意为“精神压力,心里负担” 。 E.g.: is bad for your health.压力太大对你的健

康有害。
under the stress of?意为“在?压力之下” 。 3. Housework is 们的时间。 a waste of time 意为“浪费时间” 。 E.g.: Watching TV too much their .家务劳动是在浪费他

.

看太多电视是浪费时间。
4. They should spend their time on schoolwork in order to get good grades and get into a good university.为了取得好成绩,并进入一所好的大学,他们应当把时间花在学业上。 spend, pay, cost, take 四者都有“花费”的意思,其区别: 单词 过去式 主语 常用结构 含义 E.g. Sb. spend time / 某人花时间 She spent 50 dollars on the money on sth. / 金 钱 在 某 skirt.她花了 50 美元买了那 事/物上 条裙子。 spend spent 人 Sb. spend time / 某人花时间 He spent two years writing the money doing sth / 金 钱 做 某 book. 他花了两年时间写了那 事 本书。 Sb. pay money 某人付钱买 She paid 50,000 dollars for pay paid 人 for sth. 某物 the car.她花了五千美元买了

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8. ?he had no idea how to take care of himself.?他不知道怎样去照顾自己。 have no idea 意为“不知道” ,相当于 don’t know. E.g.: I what to do next. =I what to do next.我不知道下一步该做什么。 take care of 意为“照顾,照料” ,相当于 look after, 其的接名词、 (反身)代词作宾 语。 E.g.: Can you help me my little sister? =Can you help me my little sister?你能帮我照顾我的小

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妹妹吗?
9. As a result, he often fell ill and his grades dropped.结果, 他经常生病, 成绩也下降了。 as a result 意为“结果,因此” 。 E.g.: He didn’t work hard. , he failed his exam.他学

习不用功,结果他考试不及格。
as a result of 意为“由于?,作为?的结果” 。 E.g.: He was late the heavy snow.由于

那车辆
某 物 花 费 The house cost them a lot of cost cost 物 (某人)多 money.那所房子花了他们许多 少钱 钱 it 作 It takes sb. some 做某事花费 It took him three weeks to take took 形式 time to do sth. 某人多少时 finish the work.完成这项工作 主语 间 花了他三周的时间 in order to 意为“目的是,为了” ,后接动词原形,引导目的状语,位置可放在句 首,也可放在句中。否定式为:in order not to do. E.g.: his parents, he returned to work in his hometown.为了照顾父母,他回到了家乡工作。 She started at five o’clock .为了不迟到, 她五点就出 Sth. cost (sb.) some money

大雪,他迟到了。
10. The earlier kids learn to be independent, the better it is for their future.孩子们越早学 会独立,对他们的未来就越好。 the earlier?, the better?意为“越早?,?越好” 。 E.g.: friends you have, you’ll be.你拥

有的朋友越多,你就会越快乐。
Step 3. Activity 2c. According to Ms. Miller and Mr. Smith, what are the pros and cons about kids doing chores?根据米勒女士和史密斯先生的信,赞成和反对孩子做家务的论据是什 么? Pros Cons ● Doing chores teaches children how to ●Housework is a waster of children’s time. look after themselves. ● ● ● ● ● ● ● Step 4. Activity 2d. Write one sentence with each phrase from the letters.用信里的每个短语 写一个句子。 1. a waste of time: 2. there is no need for ?to: 3. do not mind: 4. spend time on: 5. in order to: 6. it is not enough to: 7. the earlier?, the better?: Step 5. Activity 2e. Discuss the questions with a partner.与同伴一起讨论这些问题。

发了。
5. It is the parents’ job to provide a clean and comfortable environment at home for their children.在家里给孩子们提供一个干净而又舒适的环境是家长的责任。 provide 此处用处及物动词,意为“提供,供给” ,主要结构有:provide sth. for sb. = provide sb. with sth.意为“为某人提供某物,提供给某人某物” 。 E.g.: The sun light and heat for us. =The sun us light and heat.太阳给我们提供光和热。 6. Children these days depend on their parents too much.现在的孩子们过于依赖父母。 depend on 意为“依靠,依赖” 。 E.g.: You can’t your parents forever.你不能永远依赖你的父

母。
7. Since they live in one house with their parents, they should know that everyone should do their part in keeping it clean and tidy.既然他们与父母一起住在一所房子里, 他们就应 该知道每个人应当尽一份力来保持房子干净和整洁。 since 此处作连词,意为“由于,因为,既然” ,引导原因状语从句,通常放在句 首。 E.g.: we don’t have money, we can’t buy a house.由于我们没有钱, 我们

不能买房子。
do one’s part in (doing) sth.意为“尽自己的职责估某事” 。 E.g.: Everyone should water.每

个人都应尽自己的职责来节约用水。

【巩固拓展】
【巩固拓展】 一、用所给词的适当形式填空。 1. He spends an hour (watch)TV every day. 2. There’s no need for us (do) our homework. 3. ---Would you mind (open) to door? ---Of course not. 4. I don’t have time (help) you clean your bedroom. 5. It’s the (parent) job to look after us. 二、选择题. ( ) 1. One of the best ways for people to keep healthy is to good eating habits. A. grow B. develop C. increase D. find ( ) 2. A lot of famous doctors gathered(聚集) in Harbin save “China’s most beautiful teacher” ---Ms. Zhang Lili. A. so that B. in order to C. in order that D. as a result ( ) 3. Ann often helps me math after school. A. for B. with C. on D. by ( ) 4. ---The doctor told me not to eat too much, but I find it difficult. ---The doctor is right. you eat, you will be. A. The less , the B. The less , the C. The more , D. The more , healthier more healthier the healthier the more healthier ( ) 5. Thanks for your invitation, but I’m so sorry I can’t go. I need to my baby at home. A. take away B. take off C. take care of D. take out of

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