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上海市青浦高级中学2014届高三英语上学期期中试题


2014 届青浦高级中学高三第一学期英语期中考试试题
I.Grammar amid Vocabulary Section A Directions: Read the following passage. For some blanks there is a word given in the brackets. Fill in each of these blanks

with the proper form of the given word Fill in the other blanks with words that are correct in structure and proper in meaning (A) Mr. Jackson lived in the center of London but he had a hotel near the airport. There a lot of foreigners stayed for night. He didn’t know any ____25__ language but English and he found it difficult for him to understand the foreign visitors. Sometimes he had to use the gesture to talk with them, and tried his best to make himself ___26___(understand). But he was often misunderstood (误解) and it brought him a lot of trouble. A friend of his___27___ taught a few foreign languages in a university would teach him. He was happy and studied hard. At first he learned some, but soon he found it wasn’t very easy to remember the words and expressions. His friend advised him to write down the useful expressions in his notebook so that he ___28___ use them when necessary. He did as he was told. He found it helpful for him to do so. One evening there were plenty of people in the dining-room. They were all busy eating something ____29__ a Japanese. He was wandering (徘徊) there,__30___ (wait) for his wife who was dressing herself up upstairs. Mr. Jackson thought to himself, “ The man wants to eat something but he doesn’t know any English. Let me help him.” ___31___ he knew only a little Japanese, he had to bring out his notebook and showed it to the man, pointing to the sentence “I’m hungry.” The Japanese had a look at it,____32___ him two pounds and left (B) What does the term phubbing mean? The word was coined by Alex Haigh,a 23-year-old Melbourne resident. 'Phubbing' stands for 'phone snubbing, and describes "the act of ignoring someone in a social setting by looking at your phone instead of _33(pay)attention to them". Now 'Stop Phubbing' 34 (become) the online home of a campaign against digitally derived rudeness recently. The motive behind the effort is quite straightforward: to highlight the embarrassment of 35__ (ignore) in public places, text-tapping fingers during personal dinners and coffee dates that 36 as well have been taken online. Among all, the 37 innovative bit of the campaign are the wedding place cards that you can download to place on tables during your big day. It asks guests to pay attention to the wedding and not play with their phones! According to statistics, 87 percent of teens would rather text than 38 (communicate) face-to-face with a person.

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The 'Stop Phubbing1 website even 39 (allow) you to upload photos of your friends/family who are phubbers to a Name-and-Shame section. Or download posters that read,"No Tweeting, No Facebook, No Instagram, No Foursquare, No Sexting". There's even an option to send phubbers e-mails to let them know of the negative effect they could possibly have 40 their friends. Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. technically B. potential C. gap D. situation primarily G. creating H. ignoring I. purchase J. volunteer E.extreme independence F. K.

The flood of women into the job market boosted economic growth and changed U.S. society in many ways. Many in-home jobs that used to be done__41___ by women----ranging from family shopping to preparing meals to doing __42___ work-----still need to be done by someone .Husbands and children now do some of these jobs, a __43___ that has changed the target market for many products. Or a working woman may face a crushing “poverty of time “ and look for help elsewhere , ___44__opportunities for producers of frozen meals, child care centers, dry cleaners, financial services, and the like. Although there is still a big wage __45___ between men and women, the income working women gives them new ___46____ and buying power. For example, women now __47___ about half of all cars. Not long ago, many cars dealers insulted women shoppers by___48____ them or suggesting that they come back with their husbands. Now car companies have realized that women are ___49___ customers. It’s interesting that some leading Japanese car dealers were the first to really pay attention to women customers. In Japan, fewer women have jobs or buy cars ---- the Japanese society is still very much male—oriented. Perhaps it was the __50___ contrast with Japanese society that prompted American firms to pay more attention to women buyers. II. Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. "Papaderos, what is the meaning of life?" I asked the aging German professor of Greek culture and history.The usual laughter __51____,and people stirred(搅 动)to go. Papaderos 52 his hand, stilled the room , and looked at me lot a long time.Asking with his eyes if I was 53 and seeing from my eyes that I was. "I will answer your question."Taking his 54 out of his pocket,he brought out a very small 55 mirror, about the size of a quarter. And what he said went like this. "When I was a small child, during the war, we were very poor and we live in a remote
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village. One day, on the road. I found the 56 piece of a mirror. A German motorcycle had been wrecked(破坏)in that place." "I tried to find all the pieces and put them together, but it was not ___57_, so I kept only the largest piece.this one.And by ___58___ it on a stone I made it round.And I began to play with it as a toy and became fascinated by the fact that I could 59 light into dark places where the sun would __60___ shine-in deep holes,crevices(裂缝)and dark clothes.It became a game for me to get light into the most __61__ places I could find." "I kept the little mirror, and as I grew up,I would take it out in idle moments and continue the ___62____ of the game.As I became a man,I came to understand that this was not just a child's game but a metaphor(象征)for what I might do with my life . I understood that I am not the light or the ___63__ of light . But light-truth. understanding. knowledge--is there。 and it will shine in many dark places if I reflect it." "I am a fragment ( 碎 片 ) of a mirror whose design and shape I do not know. However ,with what I have I can reflect light into the dark places of this world--into the black places in the ___64__ of men-and change some things in some people.Perhaps others may see and do likewise.This is what I am about.This is the ___65___ of my life." 51. A. followed 52. A. rose up 53. A. funny 54. A. wallet 55. A. sharp 56. A. crashed 57. A. tough 58. A. smashing 59. A. reflect 60. A. always 61. A. remote adventurous 62. A. challenge consciousness 63. A. resource 64. A. hearts 65. A. attitude B. continued B. made up B. ridiculous B. money B. round B. dotted B. incredible B. scratching B. produce B. usually B. inaccessible B. argument B. source B. eyes B. truth C. raised D. happened C. showed up D. held up C. serious D. careful C. paper D. toy C. expensive D. bright C. separated D. broken C. possible D. flexible C. sweating D. splitting C. shine D. put C. sometimes D. never C. secret D. C. burden D.

C. power D. energy C. senses D. thoughts C. value D. meaning

Section B Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A)

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We’re so well educated – but we’re useless students who have lost the ability to do anything practical. The only thing we’ve mastered is consumption(消费). Large numbers of students have entered higher education in the past 10 years, but despite being the most educated generation in history, it seems that we’ve grown increasingly ignorant when it comes to basic life skills. Looking back on my first couple of weeks of living in student halls, I consider myself lucky to still be alive. Unfamiliar to fresher’s, there are many hidden dangers in the dirty corners of students accommodation. I have survived a couple of serious boiling egg incidents and lots of cases of food – poisoning, probably from dirty kitchen counters. Although some of my clothes have fallen victim to ironing experimentation, I think I have now finally acquired all the domestic (居家的) skills I missed out in my modem education. In 2006 and 2010, the charming educationist Sir Ken Robinson gave two very amusing talks in which he discussed the importance of creativity in education. Robinson’s main viewpoint is that our current education system dislocates people from their natural talents. I would like to go a step further and propose that besides our talents, the system takes away what used to be passed from generation to generation – a working knowledge of basic life skills. Today’s graduates may have earned themselves honor in history, law or economies, but when it comes to simple things like putting up a shelf to hold all their academic books, or fixing a hole in their on – trend clothes, they have to call for help from a professional handyman or tailor. Since the invention of the internet, it has never been easier for people to access information, but our highly specialized education has made us more one – sided than ever. I suggest that we start with the immediate reintroduction of some of the most vital aspects of “domestic science” education, before the current lack leads to serious accidents in student halls. 66.People call us useless students for the reason that ___ . A.what we’ve learned is beyond consumption B.we are educated generation C.we’ve entered higher education D.our living skills are so poor 67.Which is NOT the incidents the writer had during the first few weeks in student halls? A.He was seriously burnt by boiled eggs. B.He was accidentally poisoned by food. C.He damaged his clothes while ironing. D.He was severely beaten by fresher. 68. Why are the graduates poor at basic life skills? A. Because they are not interested in them. B. Because they have little relevant practice. C. Because they are affected by internet. D. Because they are easy to be one-sided.

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69. The main purpose of writing the passage is that_____ A. there is no need to introduce "domestic science" B. it's time we did something to current education C. more attention should be paid to natural science D. accidents should be prevented in student halls

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(B) Many of us mistakenly believe that it's wrong to think we have any good qualities. We may spend a lot of time blaming ourselves for our negative qualities, thinking that self criticism is the key to improving our performance. However, a constant focus on our supposed shortcomings can stop our efforts to make friends with other people. How can we believe that others could like us if we believe our inner being is flawed(有缺陷)? If someone seems to dislike you, the reason for that dislike might have little or nothing to do with you. The person who doesn't like you might be fearful, or shallow, or busy or shy. Perhaps you and that person are simply a mismatch for each other at this particular time. Don't take yourself out of the game by deciding that your flaws are bigger than your good qualities. In fact, some of the very qualities you consider to be flaws may be irresistible to someone else. For all the factors that might cause one person to reject you, there are at least as many factors that will work in your favor with someone else. You might be thirty pounds over your ideal weight, but you may have a wonderful laugh and a real enthusiasm for life. There are many people who don’t mind your extra pounds. You may drive a shabby car, but you might be a great dancer and a loyal friend. There are people out there looking for loyalty, or fun, or sweetness, or wisdom, and the package it comes in is not important. If you are worried that you are not beautiful enough to attract friends, keep in mind that not everyone is looking for physical beauty in their friends. You can decide to feel inferior(自卑) because you don't have much money and you don't drive a nice car. You can believe that this is the reason that you don't have many friends in your life. On the other hand, if you are very wealthy you may be suspicious that everyone is after your money and that nobody really likes you as a person. The point is that you can focus on just about anything and believe it's the reason you do not have friends and cannot make any. 70. According to the author ___________ plays an important role in making friends. A. admitting your shortcomings B. self criticism C. modesty D. confidence 71. If you are not liked by a person, _________ . A. you should find the reason in yourself B. you’d better talk with the person face to face C. you may not be the one to be blamed D. you and that person misunderstand each other 72. Which of the following is true according to the author?

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A. It is important to lose weight. B. It is easier for a wealthy person to make friends. C. Inner qualities are more important than physical appearance. D. If you are not beautiful enough, try to improve your physical beauty. 73. What do you think the author is most likely to suggest if he continues to write? A. How to find your good qualities. B. How to make friends. C. How to make self criticism. D. How to lose weight. (C) Sunny countries are often poor. A shame, then, that solar power is still quite expensive. Eight19, a British company by Cambridge University, has, however, invented a novel way to get round this. In return for a deposit of around $10 it is supplying poor Kenyan families with a solar cell able to generate 2.5 watts of electricity, a battery that can deliver a three amp(安培) current to store this electricity, and a lamp whose bulb is a light-emitting diode(二极管). The firm thinks that this system, once the battery is fully charged, is enough to light two small rooms and to power a mobile-phone charger for seven hours. Then, next day, it can be put outside and charged back up again. The trick is that, to be able to use the electricity, the system's keeper must buy a scratch card—for as little as a dollar—on which is printed a reference number. The keeper sends this reference, plus the serial number of the household solar unit, by SMS to Eight19. The company's server will respond automatically with an access code to the unit. Users may consider that they are paying an hourly rate for their electricity. In fact, they are paying off the cost of the unit. After buying around $80 worth of scratch cards—which Eight19 expects would take the average family around 18 months—the user will own it. He will then have the option of continuing to use it for nothing, or of trading it in for a bigger one, perhaps driven by a 10-watt solar cell. In that case, he would go then through the same process again, paying off the additional cost of the upgraded kit at a slightly higher rate. Users would therefore increase their electricity supply steadily and affordably. According to Eight19's figures, this looks like a good deal for customers. The firm believes the average energy-starved Kenyan spends around $10 a month on oil—enough to fuel a couple of smoky lamps—plus $2 on charging his mobile phone in the market-place. Regular users of one of Eight19's basic solar units will spend around half that, before owning it completely. Meanwhile, as the cost of solar technology falls, it should get even cheaper. 74. The underlined word “get round” in the first paragraph can be replaced by _______ . A. make use of B. come up with C. look into D. deal with 75. What should the user do when the electricity in the battery is used up? A. Buy a scratch card. B. Recharge it outside. C. Buy another solar cell. D. Return it to the company.

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76. It can be inferred from the last paragraph that ____________. A. Kenyan families would find it difficult to afford the solar cell B. using the solar cell would help Kenyan families save money C. few Kenyan families use mobile phones for lack of electricity D. the company will make a great profit from selling solar cells 77. What might be the most suitable title for the passage? A. Solar Energy: Starting from Scratch. B. Eight19: a creative British Company. C. Kenyan Families: Using Solar Energy for Free. D. Poor Countries: Beginning to Use Solar Energy. Section D Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in No More Than 10 Words: In the 1960s, medical researchers Thomas Holmes and Richard Rahe developed a checklist of stressful events. They appreciated the tricky point that any major change can be stressful. Negative events like “serious illness of a family member” were high on the list, but so were some positive life-changing events, like marriage. When you take the Holmes-Rahe test you must remember that the score does not reflect how you deal with stress—it only shows how much you have to deal with. And we now know that the way you handle these events dramatically affects your chances of staying healthy. By the early 1970s, hundreds of similar studies had followed Holmes and Rahe. And millions of Americans who work and live under stress worried over the reports. Somehow, the research got boiled down to a memorable message. Women’s magazines ran headlines like “Stress causes illness!” If you want to stay physically and mentally healthy, the articles said, avoid stressful events. But such simplistic advice is impossible to follow. Even if stressful events are dangerous, many—like the death of a loved one—are impossible to avoid. Moreover, any warning to avoid all stressful events is a prescription (处方) for staying away from opportunities as well as trouble. Since any change can be stressful, a person who wanted to be completely free of stress would never marry, have a child, take a new job or move. The notion that all stress makes you sick also ignores a lot of what we know about people. It assumes we’re all vulnerable (脆弱的) and passive in the face of adversity (逆境). But what about human initiative and creativity? Many come through periods of stress with more physical and mental vigor than they had before. We also know that a long time without change or challenge can lead to boredom, and physical and metal strain. (Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN 10 WORDS.) 78. According to Holmes-Rahe's medical research, stress can be caused by both_____________ . 79. The studies on stress in the 1970fs led to the conclusion that_________________________

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80. Why is it impossible to follow the simplistic advice? Because besides being unavoidable, many stressful events______________________ If one faces up to them 81. What benefits can We gain from experiencing ups and downs in life? 第 II 卷(共 47 分) I. Translation Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets 1、你相信他的电脑技术比那个工程师还耍好吗?(superior) 2、医生建议我们每天吃富含维生素的蔬菜和水果。(proposal) 3、他给慈善机构捐赠了一套稀有的邮票,他们具有永久的价值。 (value) 4、老师力劝我们在选择火学'专业时候耍把我们的兴趣和特长考虑进去。(urge) 5 没想到这部电影如此吸引观众, 以至于在电影敔场时他们津津乐道地议论开了。 (appeal) II. Guided Writing Directions: Write an English composition in 120 -150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese. , 在你的成长过程中总会有某件事件让你突然感到自己长大了。你的文章必彡$但括: 1. 描述让你感到自己"长大"了的事件 2. 谈谈你对"本大"的理解。 . Keys: 25 other 26 understood 27who 28could 29except 30 waiting 31As 32 gave 33paying 34has become 35being ignored 36may/might 37 most innovative 38communicate 39 allows 40 on 41-50 FKDGC JIHBE 51-65 ADCAB DCBAD BABAD 66-69 DDBB 70-73 DCCA 74-77DBBA

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