兰州一中 2015-2016-I 学期高三年级期中考试试题 英 语
说明：本试卷分第 I 卷（选择题）和第 II 卷（非选择题）两部分，满分 120 分。 考试时间 100 分钟。答案写在答题卡上，交卷时只交答题卡。 第一部分 第一节 阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） (共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分)
从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中, 选出最佳选项。 A According to the US government, wind farms off the Pacific coast could produce 900 gigawatts of electricity every year. Unfortunately, the water there is far too deep for even the tallest windmills to touch bottom. An experiment under way off the coast of Norway, however, could help put them anywhere. The project, called Hywind, is the world’s first large-scale deepwater wind turbine (涡 轮发电机). Although it uses a fairly standard 152-ton, 2. 3-megawatt turbine, Hywind represents totally new technology. The turbine will be fixed 213 feet above the water on a floating spar, a technology Hywind’s creator, the Norwegian company StatoilHydro, has developed recently. The steel spar, which is filled with stones and goes 328 feet below the sea surface, will be tied to the ocean floor by three cables ; these will keep the spar stable and prevent the turbine from moving up and down in the waves. Hywind’s stability in the cold and rough sea would prove that even the deepest corners of the ocean are suitable for wind power. If all goes according to the plan, the turbine will start producing electricity six miles off the coast of southwestern Norway as early as September. To produce electricity on a large scale, a commercial wind farm will have to use bigger turbines than Hywind does, but it’s difficult enough to balance such a large turbine so high on a floating spar in the middle of the ocean. To make that turbine heavier, the whole spar’s center of gravity must be moved much closer to the ocean’s surface. To do that, the company plans to design a new kind of wind turbine, one whose gearbox (变速箱) sits at sea level rather than behind the blades. Hywind is a test run, but the benefits for perfecting floating wind-farm technology could be extremely large. Out at sea, the wind is often stronger and steadier than close to shore, where all existing offshore windmills are planted. Deep-sea farms are invisible from land, which helps
overcome the windmill-as-eyesore objection. If the technology catches on, it will open up vast areas of the planet’s surface to one of the best low-carbon power sources available. 1. The Hywind project uses totally new technology to ensure the stability of A. the cables which tie the spar to the ocean floor B. the spar which is floating in deep-sea water C. the blades driven by strong and steady sea wind D. the stones filled in the spar below the sea surface 2. To balance a bigger turbine high on a floating spar, a new type of turbine is to be designed with its gearbox sitting A. on the sea floor . C. at sea level . D. behind the blades .
B. on the spar top
3. Wide applications of deepwater wind power technology can A. solve the technical problems of deepwater windmills B. make financial profits by producing more turbines C. settle the arguments about environmental problems D. explore low-carbon power resources available at sea B
Mark and his brother Jason both were looking at the shining new computer enviously. Jason was determined not to go against their father's wishes but Mark was more adventurous than his brother. He loved experimenting and his aim was to become a scientist like his father. “Dad will be really mad if he finds out you've been playing with his new computer.”Jason said， “He told us not to touch it.” “He won't find out， ” Mark said， “I'll just have a quick look and shut it down.” Mark had been scolded before for touching his father's equipment. But his curiosity was difficult to control and this new computer really puzzled him. It was a strange?looking machine—one his dad had brought home from the laboratory where he worked.“It's an experimental model， ” his father had explained， “so don't touch it under any circumstances.” But his father's warning only served to make Mark more curious. Without any further thought，Mark turned on the power switch. The computer burst into life and seconds later， the screen turned into colors，shifting and changing and then two big white words appeared in the center of the screen： “SPACE TRANSPORTER.” “Yes！ ” Mark cried excitedly， “It's a computer game. I knew it！Dad's only been pretending
to work. He's really been playing games instead.” A new message appeared on the screen： “ENTER NAMES VOYAGER 1：... VOYAGER 2：...” Mark's fingers flew across the keyboard as he typed in both of their names. “INPUT ACCEPTED.START TRANSPORT PROGRAM. AUTO?RETRIEVE INITIATED(自动回收程序已启动)． ” The screen turned even brighter and a noise suddenly rose in volume. “I think we'd better shut it off，Mark， ” Jason yelled，reaching for the power switch. He was really frightened. But his hand never reached the switch. A single beam of dazzling white light burst out of the computer screen，wrapping the boys in its glow(光芒)，until they themselves seemed to be glowing. Then it died down just as suddenly as it had burst into life. And the boys were no longer there. On the screen，the letters changed. “TRANSPORT SUCCESSFUL.DESTINATION: MARS.RETRIEVE DATE：2025.” 4．Why did Mark touch the computer against his father's warning? A．He wanted to take a voyage. C．He was so much attracted by it. 5．Where did the boys' father most likely work? A．In an electronic factory. C．In a scientific research center. B．In a computer company. D．In an information processing center. B．He wanted to practice his skill. D．He was eager to do an experiment.
6．Mark thought “SPACE TRANSPORTER” on the screen was the name of ________. A．a computer game C．a software producer B．a company website D．an astronomy program
7．Why did Jason want to shut off the computer? A．He was afraid of being scolded. B．He didn't like the loud noise and light. C．He didn't want to play games any more. D．He was afraid something dangerous might happen. C Researchers from France and Italy discovered that Canadian parents are less strict with their children than mothers and fathers in France and Italy.
“ Our most important finding was the difference between Canadians and the others ， ” said Professor Michel Claes ， the lead author of the study. “ Canadians focus on independence and negotiation. On the other hand，Italians，for example，exercise more control. We found Canadians seem to focus on negotiation in case of a conflict.” Claes said Canada，France and Italy were selected for the study because they share important cultural and social factors.“We chose French?Canadians because they share the same language as France，and originally came from France and share certain values. Italy was included because it was considered to have similar，strong and important family values， ” he explained. The researchers examined the emotional ties between parents and their children by questioning 1,256 students aged 11 to 19 years old. Canadian students reported less control and more free actions，according to the study. Italian parents were stricter and French parents were somewhere in the middle. Claes explains that the differences lie in education in Canada，France and Italy. “North America has its own educational values，which promote individualization. Tolerance and comprehension are encouraged. Italy， on the other hand， promotes respect of authority， control， and the need for permission.” he said. Children from all three countries described their mothers as warm and communicative. Italian and Canadian children had similar feelings about their fathers ， and reported high levels of emotional ties. But French fathers were generally thought by their children to be more distant and cold. “We were surprised by this， ” Claes admitted.“It seems as though the relationships between French mothers and their children were becoming closer over time，while fathers maintain a form of distance and coldness，which is more of a source of conflict in France than in the other countries.” 8．Professor Michel Claes believes that Canada，France and Italy ________. A．have the same family spirit B．have some similar cultural traditions C．have experienced some similar social changes D．have experienced similar cultural developments 9．How did the researchers carry out the study ? A．By collecting answers of parents from Canada，France and Italy.
B．By collecting answers of children from Canada，France and Italy. C．By questioning parents and their children from Italian Canadian families. D．By questioning children from French?Canadian families. 10. According to Michel Claes，what mainly leads to the differences in parent?children relationships among Canada，France and Italy? A．Educational opportunities. C．Educational values. B．Traditional ideas. D．Historical events.
11．Which of the following is NOT a finding of the study? A．French children have troubled relationships with their parents. B．Canadian children have close relationships with their parents. C．Italian children have good relationships with their parents. D．Kids from Canada，France and Italy have closer ties with their moms. D An idea that started in Seattle's public library has spread throughout America and beyond. The concept is simple: help to build a sense of community in a city by getting everyone to read the same book at the same time. In addition to encouraging reading as a pursuit (追求) to be enjoyed by all, the program allows strangers to communicate by discussing the book on the bus, as well as promoting reading as an experience to be shared in families and schools. The idea came from Seattle librarian Nancy Pearl who launched (发起）the "If All of Seattle Read the Same Book " project in 1998. Her original program used author visits, study guides and book discussion groups to bring people together with a book, but the idea has since expanded to many other American cities, and even to Hong Kong.
In Chicago, the mayor appeared on television to announce the choice of To Kill a Mockingbird as the first book in the "One Book, One Chicago" program. As a result, reading clubs and neighborhood groups sprang up around the city. Across the US, stories emerged of parents and children reading to each other at character. The only problem arose in New York ,where local readers could not decide on one book to represent the huge and diverse population. This may show that the idea works best in medium-sized cities or large towns, where a greater sense of unity(一致）can be achieved .Or it may show that New Yorkers rather missed the point ,putting all their energy and passion into the choice of the
night and strangers chatting away on the bus about plot and
book rather than discussion about a book itself. Ultinatelas Nancy points out, the level of success is not measured by how many people read a book, but by how many people are enriched by the process, or have enjoyed speaking to someone with whom they would not otherwise have shared a word.
12. What is the purpose of the project launched by Nancy? A. To invite authors to guide readers. B. To encourage people to read and share. C. To involve people in community service. D. To promote the friendship between cities. 13. Why was it difficult for New Yorkers to carry out the project? A .They had little interest in reading. B. They were too busy to read a book. C. They came from many different backgrounds D. They lacked support from the local government 14. According to the passage, where would the project be more easily carried out? A. In large communities with little sense of unity B. In large cities where libraries are far from home C. In medium-sized cities with a diverse population D. In large towns where agreement can be quickly reached 15. According to Nancy, the degree of students of the project is judged by A. the careful selection of a proper book B. the growing popularity of the writers C. the number of people who benefit from reading. D. the number of books that each person reads. 第二节 七选五填空 (共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分) 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 You’re probably most familiar with college dictionaries, often called abridged dictionaries. Although abridged means ―shortened, these dictionaries contain more than 150,000 entries and provide detailed definitions that are sufficient for most college students and general users. 16.__________.Webster’s Ⅱ New Riverside University Dictionary and the American Heritage
Dictionary of the English Language are college dictionaries. Unabridged dictionaries contain as many as 500,000 entries and provide detailed definitions and extensive word histories (etymologies 词源). 17.__________. Unabridged dictionaries include the Oxford English Dictionary and the Random House Dictionary of the English Language. 18.__________. Some entries also include plurals and capitalized forms, synonyms, antonyms, and derivatives. Americanisms and etymologies may be provided along with usage notes, cross-references, and idioms. If you prefer using the dictionary on a computer, you can obtain CD-ROM versions of many major dictionaries. In addition, you can access numerous dictionaries, such as WWWebster’s Dictionary, on the Internet. 19.__________. Online dictionaries also offer additional features, such as word games, language tips, and amusing facts about words. Some online dictionary services allow you to access numerous dictionaries, both general and specialized, in on search. 20.__________. For example, there are dictionaries for the specialized vocabularies of law, computer technology, and medicine. In addition, there are dictionaries of synonyms, cliche’s, slang, and even regional expressions, such as the Dictionary of American Regional English (DARE). There are also dictionaries of foreign languages, famous people’s names, literary characters’ names and place names. A. Specialized dictionaries provide in-depth information about a certain field. B. These dictionaries, possibly in several volumes and mostly found in libraries, are excellent sources for scholarly inquiries. C. But dictionaries these days do not judge how a word should be used. They simply describe how people use them, and Random House, for example, have free online services. D. Online dictionaries allow you to enter a search word to see a definition, and sometimes even an illustration. E. College dictionaries also contain separate lists of abbreviations, biographical and geographical names, foreign words and phrases, and tables of measures. F. A dictionary entry has many elements: multiple definitions, syllabication, preferred spelling and pronunciation, and part-of-speech labels. G. Many of the 10,000 new words in the Eleventh Edition of the Collegiate Dictionary involve computers. 第二部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分）
第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A, B, C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 Shirley Allen loved to sing and play the piano. She studied music in college and her 21 was to become a concert pianist or blues singer. Everything 23 22 when she was 20 years
old. She became sick with what doctors
was typhoid fever(伤寒)and she almost died. 24 . 28 .She her to become 25 deaf.
Doctors gave her medicine to help her get well, but the medicine She could no longer hear the music which she had always Shirley would never give up playing the piano, 26
27 she did decide to change
transferred to Gallaudet University and studied English .In 1964 Shirley graduated from Gallaudet and looked for 29 .She wanted to be 30 and work full time . 31 ,in 1967 she was asked
For three years, Shirley worked as a clerk in Washington,D.C.
to work at Gallaudet University as a dorm supervisor(宿舍监管员).Shirley supervised young women who 32 in the university during the school year. She also taught English. Somehow she found graduate school at Howard University in Washington,D.C. In 1972,Shirley received
time to 33
her M.A.degree. Always 34 a new challenge, in 1973 Shirley became a professor at National Technical 35 deaf and hard-of-hearing students technical and
Institute for the Deaf (NTID), which professional training. This made 37 36
woman became the first black deaf female in the world to receive her Ph.D. She in 1992, 38 she received the highest degree in education from the University
of Rochester in New York. Dr.Shirley Jeanne Allen has traveled many roads and dream. With courage and 21.A.job duty 22. A. disappeared D. ended 23. A.said found 24.A.allowed D. enabled
many rainbows searching for her
,she never gave up. B. interest D. dream C.
B. agreed D. thought B. caused
25.A.almost D. gradually 26.A. loved D. remembered 27.A.and but 28.A.career life 29.A.information D. a job 30.A.happy free 31.A.However D. Besides 32.A.worked D. played 33.A.attend describe 34.A.interested in 35.A.teaches pays 36.A.amazing wealthy 37.A.progress D. history 38.A.after until 39.A.found followed 40.A. intelligence D. pride
B. so D. even if B. interest D. attitude B. help C.
C. an assistant
B. independent D. confident B. Then
B. observe D. advertise B. busy with B. offers D. promises B. strict D. beautiful B. excuses
C. concerned about C.
D. ready for
B. while D. when B. watched D. appreciated B. determination C. strength
第二节 语法填空（共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（1 个单词）或括号内单词的适当形式。 By 2050， Futurologists （未来学家） predict that life will probably be very different 41______ 2050. TV channels will have disappeared.42_________, people will choose a program from a “menu” and a computer will send the program 43_______(direct) to the television. Today, we can use the World Wide Web 44_______read newspaper stories and see pictures on a computer thousands of kilometers away. By 2050, music, films, programs, newspapers,45_______ books will come to us by computer. Cars will run on new, clean fuels and they will go very fast. Cars will have computers to control the speed and there won’t 46______any accidents. Today, many cars have computers 47_______tell drivers exactly where they are. By 2050, the computer will control the car and drive it to your destination. Space planes will take people halfway around the world 48______ 2 hours. Today, 49_______United States Space Shuttle can go into space and 50______ on Earth again. By 2050, space planes will fly all over the world and people will fly from Los Angeles to Tokyo in just 2 hours. Robots will have 51_______(place) people in factories. Many factories already use robots. Big companies prefer robots—they don’t ask for pay rises or go on strike, and they work 24 hours a 52______. By 2050, we will see robots everywhere—in factories, schools, offices, hospitals, shops and homes. Medical technology will have conquered many 53________. Today, there is equipment that connects directly to the brain 54__ __ (help) people hear. By 2050, we will be able to help
blind and deaf people to see and hear 55______ . 第三部分 写作（共两节，满分 35 分）
第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处错误，每句 中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（^） ，并在其下面写出改加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2.只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。
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As students, all of us will be faced a problem after passed the college entrance examination. Should we choose a good major and a good university first? Here are some different ideas. Some more prefer to choose a major first so they can learn that they are interested in. In this way they can put their hearts into study and got their favorite jobs in the future. Other believe that the environment is important to one’s develop and that graduates from key universities are more likely to find good jobs. As long as I’m concerned, the best choice is a good university if we can’t obtain all.
第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分） （见答题卡上） 兰州一中 2015-2016-I 学期高三年级期中考试 答 1 2 3 5 4 5 6 7 8 题 9 卡 1 0 1 1 1 2 1 3 1 4 1 5 1 6 1 7 1 8 1 9 2 0
语法填空: 41. __________ 42. __________ 46. __________ 47. __________ 51. __________ 52. __________ 短文改错: As students, all of us will be faced a problem after passed the college entrance examination. Should we choose a good major and a good university first? Here are some different ideas. Some more prefer to choose a major first so they can learn that they are interested in. In this way they can put their hearts into study and got their favorite jobs in the future. Other believe that the environment is important to one’s develop and that graduates from key universities are more likely to find good jobs. As long as I’m concerned, the best choice is a good university if we can’t obtain all. 43. ____________ 44. _________ 45. __________ 48. ____________ 49. _________ 50. __________ 53. ____________ 54. _________ 55. __________
书面表达: (满分 25 分）
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假如你是李夏。你看到关国留学生 Sharon 在网上发贴，.希望有人能帮助她提高普通话 (Mandarin）水平，她可以教英语作为回报。请银据以下提示用英语给她写一封电于哪件。 1.表达给她提供帮助的意愿； 2.说明你能胜任辅导的理由； 3.给出讲好普通话的两点建议； 4.提出你学习英语的具体需求。 注意： 1. 2. 3. 词数 120 左右，开头语已为你写好； 可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 文中不得透漏个人姓名和学校名称；
Hi Sharon, This is Li Xia. I learned from your post that you want to improve your Mandarin____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ Li Xia
兰州一中 2015-2016-I 学期高三年级期中考试试题 英语参考答案 阅读理解（每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 1----5 BCDCC 6----10 ADBBC 11----15 ABCDC 16----20 EBFDA
完形填空（共 20 小题；每题 1.5 分，满分 30 分）
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语法填空（共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 41. in 42. Instead 48. in 54. to help 43. directly 49. the 55. again 44. to 50. land 45. and 46. be 52. day
47. that /which 53. diseases
短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） face 后加 with； passed---passing； got---get; and---or； some 后的 more 去掉； develop---development;
learn 后的 that---what； long---far; all---both
书面表达（满分 25 分） (参考范文) Hi Sharon, This is Li Xia. I learned from your post that you want to improve your Mandarin. I am quite interested in it . I think I’m fit for it. As a student, I have been learning Mandarin for many years. In addition ,I am Chinese, which means Mandarin is a must for me to communicate with others in my daily life. So I’m quite confident that I can help you learn Mandarin. Learning Mandarin takes time, so if you want to learn it well ,you should spend much time practicing Mandarin everyday. As the saying goes, practice makes perfect. Besides, you can also read some books in Chinese、see some Chinese films and listen to some Chinese radio programmes. Speaking and listening are very important for a language learning, by which you are sure to make great progress. In your post, you say you can teach English as a reward. It is just what I want. I’m eager to improve my English. So, if you allow me to help you learn Mandarin, you can also help me improve my English. We can contact each other by video chat every night for half an hour in English and half an hour in Chinese, so that we can improve our oral speaking. Hope for you early reply!
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