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2015年高中英语 Unit4 The next step Grammar and usage教案 牛津译林版选修11


Unit4 The next step Grammar and usage
Thoughts on the design: 本单元的内容是修辞典故。语言是文化的载体,是文化的结晶,又是文化的重要组成部 分,典故中潜藏着大量的语言文化信息,是语言的重要组成部分。了解典故的出处与内涵, 就能准确地理解其寓意,欣赏其魅力,对跨文化交际很有必要,无论是在书面语中,还是在 口头语

中,习语使用的频率都很高,有着重要的交际功能。本单元用一课时教学,采用发现 法教学方法,即教师呈现语法结构,学生在感知和理解的基础上,通过观察和发现,从而归 纳出语法规则。通过多媒体的导入和活动的开展,学生在准备、参与的过程中会充分体现教 学目标,以亲历亲为的感受去领悟语言语法知识。 Teaching Aims: After learning the grammar, the students will be able to: 1. Know what an allusion is, how an allusion is used, and how to understand an allusion; 2. Apply what they have learned correctly. Teaching procedures: Step 1 Lead-in

Get the students enjoy the following pictures and answer some questions. Question: Can you guess the meaning of each picture in Chinese? [Explanation] 利用图片、音像资料创设情境,以学生熟悉的内容为切入点,将枯燥的语法知识讲解转 化为生动的生活情景, 使课堂活动栩栩如生, 让学生在逼真的生活空间中领悟典故语法知识 的内涵,欣赏典故英语语言的魅力。

Step 2

More information about the topic

1. What are the expressions above called in Chinese? 典故 Allusions; When we refer to words or phrases like these to talk about another person or thing, we are using allusions. 2. Do you know some English allusions? (allusions in reading part) Scrooge— Sam saved every penny he had in order to buy a new bike. In fact, some

of his friends said he was a bit of a Scrooge. (A character who is extremely mean. It comes from the novel A Christmas Carol). 3. Introduce more allusions in English. a sacred cow—This policy, which used to be very successful, remains a sacred cow, though it no longer meets the needs of the current situation.. (Someone or something that is held in high regard and can not be harmed. It is from religion). be over the moon—Terry was over the moon because his favourite team had just won the championship match. (Someone who is very happy. It is from works). Pandora’s box—How could we have known that by applying for a credit card we were opening Pandora’s box. (One action has caused a lot of bad things to happen. It comes from works). Waterloo—After spending all his money and failing to raise funds for his project, he is facing his Waterloo. (A final defeat or failure. It comes from history). Mother Teresa—She has done a lot of charity work this year and is a real Mother Teresa. (A person who works selflessly for others. It comes from real life). [Explanation] 典故往往会导致理解上的障碍或造成误解。 中国人在口头或书面表达事物及思想感情时 经常使用典故,巧妙地运用典故,不仅会使文章多姿多彩,而且寓意深刻,令人回味。英语 中典故也是非常丰富的,通过配对练习,唤起学生的求知兴趣。学生的思维随着练习的展开 逐步深入,感知典故的魅力。

Step 3

Further understanding

1. The ways of making an allusion. a. examples from literature works d. examples from history e. examples from real life b. examples from religion c. examples from

2. Fill in the blanks. Allusions Lei Feng Come from Real life The meanings To describe a person who is kind and ready to help others. Mona Lisa A work of art To describe a person with charming smile. Lin Daiyu The novel Red Mansion To describe the young lady who is sentimental and

sickish. Judas 犹大 The Bible To describe someone who betray their friends or beliefs. [Explanation] 先阅读领悟再练习巩固, 任务型活动辅助语法教学, 让学生在实践中领会语法知识, “在 做中学” 。以具体的任务为载体,以完成任务为动力,把知识和技能融为一体,有利于引导 学生形成“为用而学、在用中学、学以致用”的良性学习循环和思维习惯。

Step 4

Practice

1. Read the instruction and the table to understand the meaning of each allusion. (1) Mickey Mouse course 非常容易 (2) dark horse 黑马 (4) catch-22 令人左右为难的规定 (6) Jonah 带来不幸的人 (8) good Samaritan 心地善良,乐于助人

(3) Daniel in the lion’s den 艰巨的任务 (5) Achilles’ heel 致命要害 (7)a Herculean task 极为艰巨的工作 的人

2. Put them in the right places in Zhang Hong’s diary. (1) a Herculean lion’s den (5) Achilles’ heel (6) good Samaritan (7) catch-22 (8) Jonah (2) dark horse (3) Mickey Mouse course (4) Daniel in the

[Explanation] 课堂练习是语法教学的一个重要环节, 是学生知识形成的一个关键过程, 通过练习巩固 知识,开发学生思维,使学生进一步熟悉和掌握语法典故的用法。

Step 5

Consolidation

Ask students to choose one of the task and try to guess the meanings of the allusions. (If you know the answer, you will get the object you choose.) [Explanation] 通过游戏竞赛的活动,调动全体学生参与,将语法教学与激发兴趣、形成性评价和听、 说、写三项技能综合训练融合在一起,较好地体现了新的语法教学观。

Step 6

Homework

1. Try to understand the meanings of allusions learnt this class and use them correctly. 2. Finish PartC1and PartC2 on Page120 in workbook. 3. Preview the text in the task. [Explanation] 通过课后及时的巩固,学生能更好地掌握当天所学的内容,同时预习下节课的内容,为 下节课做好充分的准备。


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