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2013年广州一模英语试题及答案


试卷类型:A 2013 年广州市普通高中毕业班综合测试(一) 英 语 2013.3 本试卷共 12 页,三大题,满分 135 分。考试用时 120 分钟。[来 源:zyy100.com] 注意事项: 1.答卷前,考生务必用 2B 铅笔在“考生号”处填涂考生号。用黑色字迹的钢笔 或签 字笔将自己所在的市> 县/区、学校以及自己的姓名和考生号、试室号、座 位号填写 在答题卡上。

用 2B 铅笔将试卷类型(A)填涂在答题卡相应位置上。 2. 选择题每小题选出答案后,用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目选项的答案信 息点涂黑, 如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案,答案不能答在试 卷上。 3. 非选择题必须用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔作答,答案必须写在答题卡各题 目指定区 域内的相应位置上;如需改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后再写上新的 答案;不准使 用铅笔和涂改液。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。 4. 考生必须保持答题卡的整洁。考试结束后,将试卷和答题卡一并交回。 I 语言知识及应用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节完形填空(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 1?15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中, 选出最佳 选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Johnny, a lizard (蜥蜴),lived between some rocks in the country, where he liked sunbathing every morning. One day, he felt so I doing so 1_____that he didn?t notice some boys coming up behind him. The boys 2 _____Johnny, and he could only escape from their hands by losing his tail and running to 3 _____. Shocked and 4 _____ ,the trembling lizard spied on the children watching his tail moving about, even though it was no longer 5 _____ to his body. The children soon grew 6 _____, threw the tail away and left. Johnny came out to look for his tail, but could find no 7 _____ of it. Determined to recover his “lost belongings" , Johnny abandoned everything else in his life, devoting himself entirely to the 8 _____
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Days and months passed, and Johnny kept looking, asking everyone whether they had seen his tail. One day, someone he asked 9 _____replied, “Why do you need two tails?” Johnny turned and saw that he had grown a new, stronger tail. He suddenly realised how 10 _____ it had been to waste so much time on a problem for which there was no 11 _____ Johnny turned back and headed for home. On the way, he found his old tail on the roadside. Although it looked horrible, Johnny was still 12 _____to have it back. He picked it up and was about to 13 _____ his journey when the truth finally hit him : he was looking at the past. He then decided to 14 _____ his old tail there, leaving with it all his past worries. As he continued his journe y, all he took with him were thoughts of the 15 _____ .

1 A 2. 3. A. 4. A. 5 A. 6. A. 7. A. 8. A. 9. A. 10,. A. 11. A. 12,. A. 13,. A, ed A. A.

interested caught sleep disabled added cautious proof search hopefully ,risky ,solution .encourag .change

B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B B. y d

relaxed discovere . sunbathe confused attached desperate sign journey generousl hard response ashamed continue .

C C c.

lonely stopped . hide . . . . . . . .

D D D D D

nervous teased cry frightened

c. disappointed c. c. c. c? c. c. c. c. c. de ly related bored mark countrysi surprised careless evidence upset plan

[ 来源 : 状元源 tied zyy100K] D worried D D use hope

D understandingl y D silly D reason delighted end

. . .

D D

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14. A, 15 A,

,return .tail

B. B.

cut children

c. c.

remove future .

D D .[ 来 源 :

drop past

第二节语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 I. 5 分,满分 15 分)状 。 元 。 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入 源 一个适当的 词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号 为 16?25 的相应位置上。 Z 。

y 。some orphans It was a city in Hubei Province. On International Children?s Day, y 。 to the park. An (IRJL) from the Wuhan Welfare Institute for Children 16 _____ (take) elderly westerner was with them. The children were eager to tell 100 him everything that K] 17 was going on. They held him by the hand and never hesitated to call _____Grandpa. This man was Professor William Dorrity, from Florida ,USA. In 2003, 18 _____Professor Dorrity and his wife retired, they came to Wuhan and started to work as volunteers at the Welfare Institute. The Dorritys have been working hard 19 _____ (improve) the conditions at the Welfare Institute since they came. They often take children on day-trips, 20 _____ (bring) along with them ail kinds of food for the kids to enjoy. They recently bought audiphones for four orphans 21 _____ hearing problems and small tape recorders for three blind children. They also bought a wheelchair for ten-year-old Tan Jun, 22 _____ suffers from a brain problem. With the 23 (arrive) of spring, the Dorritys took the children for 24 _____ outing. “We love China and we love children,” Donity said, “ 25 _____ we are happy to do this. ” II 阅读(共两节,满分 50 分) 第一节阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) ' 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在 答题卡上将该 项涂黑。 A

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Zoos divide opinion : there are those who think it is cruel to keep animals locked up while others believe zoos are essential for the survival of endangered species. To argue that zoos imprison animals is to misunderstand what zoos are about. Without zoos many of the creatures we love and admire would no longer exist. Every single day,over one hundred animal species vanish. Scientists predict that as early as 2050 one quarter of the Earth?s species will become extinct. Some animals are in danger because they are hunted. Alarmingly, the population of tigers has already fallen by ninety-five percent. Other species are in danger because of a lack of food. For example, there are fewer than 1300 giant pandas left in the wild. Zoos have special breeding programmes to help those animals at risk. These breeding programmes are proving extremely successful. As Irene Shapiro from Zoo and Wildlife Support says, “the Puerto Rican Parrot has grown in numbers from just thirteen to about eighty-five and the Golden Lion Tamarin Monkey, which has almost ceased to exist twenty years ago, has been reintroduced back into the wild. ” Unfortunately, not everyone understands this important role zoos play. For example, Brian Featherstone from the Anti-Zoo Forum says, “I can?t believe we take animals from the wild and put them in cages for the entertainment of the public! We should view them on film or TV in their natural environment.,? However, this misses the point. A zoo does more than display animals to the public. It ensures their survival. Without zoos you would not be able to see many of these animals on TV or anywhere else! 26. What?s the writer?s attitude towards zoos? A.He shows no opinion either for or against them. B. He thinks that they are unnecessary and cruel. C. He believes they play an important environmental role. D.He expresses a desire that more of them be built. 27.The underlined word “vanish” in Paragraph 2 most probably means _____. A. remain B. disappear C. become rarer D. get killed

28.According to the passage the world?s tiger population _____.
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A.will rise by 5% next year C/ is 95% smaller than in the past

B. is relatively stable D. has fallen to 95%

29 ? According to the passage some people do not agree with zoos because they _____ A.are too expensive to run B. put animals in danger

C. do not provide enough food D. keep animals locked up 30.According to the writer ,the most important function of the zoo is to _____. A.make a lot of money C. ensure animals? survival B Today, bicycles are elegantly simple machines that are common around the world. Many people ride bicycles for recreation, whereas others use them as a means of transportation. The first bicycle was invented in Germany in 1818. Because it was made of wood, it wasn?t very strong nor did it have pedals (脚踏板).Riders moved it by pushing their feet against the ground. In 1839, Kirkpatrick Macmillan, a Scottish blacksmith, invented a much better bicycle. Macmillan?s machine had iron-covered wheels to keep them from getting worn down. He also used foot-operated levers, similar to pedals, so his bicycle could be ridden at a quick pace. It didn?t look much like the modem bicycle, though, because its back wheel was substantially larger than its front wheel. Although Macmillan?s bicycles could be ridden easily, they were never produced in large numbers. In 1861, Frenchman Pierre Michaux and his brother Ernest invented a bicycle with an improved pedal mechanism. They called their bicycle a VELOCIPEDE, but most people called it a “bone shaker” because of the effect of the wood and iron frame. Despite the impolite nickname, the VELOCIPEDE was a hit. After a few years, the Michaux family was making hundreds of the machines annually, mostly for fun-seeking young people.[状元源zyy100XXK] Ten years later, James Starley , an English inventor, made several innovations that revolutionized bicycle design. He made the front wheel many times larger than
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B. entertain visitors D. educate the public

the back wheel, put a gear on the pedals to make the bicycle more efficient,and lightened the wheels by using wire spokes. Although this bicycle was much lighter and less tiring to ride, it was still clumsy, extremely top-heavy,and ridden mostly for entertainment. It wasn?t until 1874 that the first truly modern bicycle appeared on the scene. Invented by another Englishman, H. J. Lawson, the safety bicycle would look familiar to today?s cyclists. The safety bicycle had equal-sized wheels, which made it easier to ride. Lawson also attached a chain to the pedals to drive the back wheel. By 1893, the safety bicycle had been further improved with air-filled rubber tires, a diamond-shaped frame, and easy braking. With the improvements provided by Lawson; bicycles became extremely popular and useful for transportation. Today, they are built, used, and enjoyed all over the world. 31.This passage was most likely written in order to _____. A.compare bicycles used for different purposes B. describe the problems early bicycle makers experienced C. persuade readers to use bicycles for transportation D.tell readers about the early history of the bicycle 32.Macmillan covered the wheels of his bicycle with iron to _____ A.add weight to the bicycle B_ make the bicycle easier to ride C. allow the wheels to last longer D.let the bicycle be more comfortable 33. Which of the following bicycle types was invented by James Starley?

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34 Which of the following statements is true according to the passage? A.Two hundred years ago,bicycles did not exist. B. The first bicycle could be ridden at a very quick pace. C. The Michaux brothers called their bicycle a “bone shaker”. D.Macmillan?s machine had wheels with rubber tires. 35.The information about bicycles in this passage is arranged according to _____. A.importance B. time C Since the end of World War I (WWI) in 1918,Canadians, and millions of others around the world have paused at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month to honour the sacrifices our soldiers have made in different wars, fighting for the freedoms that we all enjoy today.[状+元+源科+网] Known as Remembrance Day, the day originated as a tribute to the soldiers of WWI, a dark period for our young country, which claimed the lives of over 60,000 military personnel and civilians and over 16 million dead worldwide. As there are no more surviving soldiers of WWI,today we rely on the wisdom and words of those soldiers who fought in the wars that followed,and this day now also recognizes their heroic contribution. They tell us to always remember what those brave souls fought for, and all they ask in return is that we never forget. That?s why we wear the red poppy (罂粟花);that?s why when we see a soldier in uniform we should stop him or her and say “Thank you” ; that?s why we take a pause
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C. place

D. interest

from our busy lives for two short minutes today to honor that request. Yet this message is fading away, year after year. Take for example the terrible decision to allow parents to excuse students from Remembrance Day ceremonies at school. Not only is this disrespectful, it distances the student from his or her classmates. It is difficult to understand why any Canadian parent would want to remove their child from the time-honored tradition of r eading the poem IN FLANDERS FIELDS, while a wreath of poppies is laid. It is more important than ever to teach school-aged children about our history, no matter how violent it was. Sheltering them from the realities of war is a great disservice. Understanding why conflicts happened, or happen today, can help shape choices and decisions they make as adults. Of course, because we live in a free society, we cannot force an individual to do something. It is unfortunate, but some parents now have their child “opt-out” of the services. These people should be reminded they are free to make such choices only because of the men and women the rest of us are remembering. 36.Which of the following is true about Remembrance Day? A.It?s only held in Canada. B. Its ceremony lasts 11 hours. C. It falls on November 11th each year. . D. It?s to celebrate the country?s independence. 37. Which of the follo wing is NOT mentioned as a Remembrance Day activity today? A.Stopping at 11a.m. to remember the war dead. B. Listening to stories told by WWI soldiers. C. Wearing a red poppy to show respect. D.Showing gratitude to soldiers in uniform. 38. What can we learn from the passage? A.War history is too violent for school children.
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B. The writer was once a soldier in the Canadian army. C. Few students are willing to take part in Remembrance Day ceremonies. D.More parents are keeping their children away from frightening war stories. 39.The underlined word “It” in the last paragraph probably refers to _____ A.the death of so many soldiers in wars B. the fact that there were so many wars after WWI C. people?s ungratefulness for the freedom they have D.removing children from Remembrance Day events 39.The writer believes that ___ . A.the sacrifice of the soldiers should always be remembered B. Remembrance Day is becoming l ess important for soldiers C. schools - no longer think Remembrance Day is necessary D.people should be forced to learn about the realities of war D American actor Johnny Depp can best be described as unconventional. From his early life, his path into acting and even in his choice of movie roles,we can see that Depp has seldom taken the easy road. His willingness to take risks and do the unexpected has made Depp one of the few Hollywood actors able to achieve huge commercial success while maintaining his artistic reputation. Born in 1963,Depp was somewhat troublesome as a youth, .occasionally turning to petty-crime and drugs. When his parents divorced in 1978,Depp dropped out of school against his mother?s wishes and started a music band called THE KIDS. Although the band achieved some success, they were seldom able to make ends meet, with Depp often unable to pay his rent, sleeping rough on friends? sofas and even in his car. In 1983,the ever-optimistic Depp and his new wife, Lori Anderson, moved to Hollywood California to further Depp?s musical career. But life there continued to be a struggle and Depp was forced to take a job selling pens door to door to support his
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new family. His luck changed when Lori?s ex-boyfriend, the famous actor Nicholas Cage, impressed by Depp?s good looks and intelligence, suggested he become an actor and helped him get a small part in a movie. Several other m inor movie roles — and a divorce from Lo ri — followed,before Depp got his big break three years later. He landed the leading role in the television series 21 JUMP STREET,playing a youthful undercover police officer. The hugely popular show turned Depp into a teenage heartthrob overnight. He appeared on the cover of countless magazines and was much sought after by movie producers, eager to exploit his popularity with teenage girls. But Depp left 21 JUMP STREET after three years, when it was at the height of its popularity, later admitting that he hated the show?s unoriginal storylines and his “pretty boy” character. In the decade that followed, Depp rejected repeated offers of “pretty boy” roles in big-budget Hollywood films. Instead he established himself as a serious, somewhat dark, peculiar performer, consistently selecting roles in smaller, independent films that surprise critics and audiences alike. Even in the movie that made Depp an international superstar, THE PIRATES OF
THE CARIBBEAN (2003

),he was barely recognizable as Captain Jack Sparrow, the

British,long-haired golden-toothed pirate. This and subsequent hit movies have placed Depp at the very top of the commercial film industry ( with a pay-check of $20 million for each such movie) but he still continues to make the smaller, stranger films for which he is SO greatly admired. 41.As a youth, Depp could be described as a _____. A.serious criminal B. trouble maker C. drug addict D. successful musician 42. The underlined expression “make ends meet” in Paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to A. get together after a show C. play to the end B. meet their audience D. earn enough to live

43. In which order did the following events take place in Depp?s life? a. met Nicholas Cage b. started a band called THE KIDS
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c. played a British pirate d. sold pens door to door e. got married to Lori Anderson f. starred in a TV show A. d, b, e, a,c, f C. a, b, f,c, d, e B. b,e,d,a,f,c D. e,d, a,c,f, b

44. Why did Depp leave the TV show 21 JUMP STREET ? A.The show was no longer popular. B. He wanted to perform in movies. C. He thought the show was terrible. D.He rejected planned changes to his role. 45.Depp?s choice of movie roles throughout most of his career suggests that _____. A.he valued interesting work over money B. he believed he couldn?t play αpretty boy” roles well C. he was very popular with Hollywood movie producers D.he was more interested in shocking audiences than entertaining 第二节信息匹配(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下列应用文及相关信息,并按照要求匹配信息。请在答题卡上将对应题 号的相应选 项字母涂黑。 首先请阅读下列药品信息: A DEEP HEAT — a heating cream designed to provide fast pain relief of muscular aches and strains, bone-joint pain, and temporary (关节炎).Do not apply to open wounds. arthritis _

B SUDAFED PE — relieves blocked or stuffy nose due to the common cold, hay fever, or other lung allergies. May cause

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dizziness or sleepiness. Keep out of reach of children.

C DEMADN — this liquid works fast against cold symptoms including runny or blocked nose, persistent coughing and sneezing and itchy eyes. Do not take with other medication. Will cause tiredness. Suitable for ages 2 and up.

D ZINC OINTMENT — antibiotic cream reduces pain and destroys germs and infections associated with red and itchy skin, cuts and sores. Apply cream to infected area twice a day and consult your doctor if pain persists.

E PANADOL FLU STRENGTH PE — keeps you clear-headed while fighting cold and flu symptoms including headache, sore throat and blocked nose. 2 pills for adults and I pill for children under 12.

F PAINSTOP SYRUP — provides fast-acting and effective pain relief for people of all ages. Will not cause sleepiness so is safe to use during the day. Drink 10ml every 4 hours (5ml for children under 10).
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以下是五个人的病症描述。请匹配各人的症状与拟选择的药品。 46. For the past four days John has been coughing very heavily when he goes to bed. As a result both he and his wife cannot sleep and are very tired when they get up for work the next day. 47. After coming back from Beijing, Li Hua has a bad cold and blocked nose. But he must go to work because he must give a very important presentation to his boss today. Needs something that will relieve his symptoms but not affect his performance. 48. Mrs White?s six-year-old daughter Mellissa fell off her bike this morning and bumped her head on the ground. Now she has an unbearable headache and cannot go to school. 49. While in the shower this morning Phil slipped on a bar of soap and smashed his knee on the tiled bathroom floor. Luckily no bones were broken but Phil is now in a great deal of pain and the knee is badly swollen. 50. Xiao Lin cut her finger while preparing dinner last night. Although she cleaned and bandaged the wound,when she woke up this morning the wound was redder and more painful than the ni ght before. She fears that the cut may have become infected. III 写作(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节基础写作(共 1 小题,满分 15 分) 假设你是李华,正在国外求学,租了一间公寓,想寻找一个合租人。 【写作内容】 请根据以下信息写一封邮件给租房中介,介绍公寓及要求。 地点:玫瑰街 1 号 房租总额:$ 380/月 公寓情况:80 平方米;两房一厅,一厨一卫;免费无线上网(wifi) 邻近两大超市及公共图书馆 交通便利,步行 5 分钟至地铁站

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合租人:有责任心,不抽烟 有意者请于下午6点后致电:5558-5916 【写作要求】 1. 只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容。 2. 信的开头、结尾已给出,不计入句子的数量。 【评分标准】 句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章结构连贯。 第二节读写任务(共 1 小题,满分 25 分) 阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 Today I?d like to talk about a great film I recently saw called THE TIME MACHINE. It really made a deep impression. The film is about a young inventor called Dr. Alexander who spends four years of his life building a time travelling machine so he can go back in time and save his murdered sweetheart, Emma. That film really fired my imagination and made me think about where I would go if I could travel back through time. At first I thought I would travel to the time of the dinosaurs to see the T-Rex and all those other huge and savage beasts. But perhaps that would be a little too dangerous. I don?t just want to go back in time ,I want to return safely too. Then I thought about a really great moment in history that I would love to experie nce. The time I?d like to travel to is 1936 and the place I?d like to go to is Germany. I?d love to be a part of the audience at the Berlin Olympics held that year and see the great American athlete Jessie Owens win four gold medals in front of the evil German leader Adolf Hitler. That was one of the greatest ever sporting performances and it was even more important because it showed the world how wrong Hitler?sideas were. Then I would try to meet Mr. Owens and tell him how famous he would become in the future. Maybe I could even have a photo taken with him as proof. 【写作内容】 1. 以约 30 个词概括这段短文的内容;

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2. 然后以约 120 个词就“时间穿梭”的话题进行写作,内容包括: (1) 如果能够回到过去,你最辑回到的时间(或时段)及地点; (2) 描述你回到过去后最想做的事情; (3) 说明事情的意义. 【写作要求】 1. 在作文中可以使用自己亲身的经历或虚构的故事,也可以参照阅读材料的 内容但不得直 接引用原文中的句子; 2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 【评分标准】 概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,篇章连贯。

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