英语· 必修 3(人教版)
Learning about Language
Ⅰ.根据所给的中文提示完成句子 1．The________(宗教的)leader foresaw the arrival of an age of peace.
>2．They share the same________(信仰) and opinions.
3． In short, politeness costs nothing but________(收益) everything.
4．The seniors are planning to have a____________(聚会)．
5．She won the best actress________(奖)．
6．Life is a beauty, so we should________(赞美)it.
7．The________(起源)of his idea for the book was a painting he saw about a sinking ship.
8．我的家乡发生了很大的变化。 Great change have________________in my hometown.
The festival is__________________a Chinese poet.
答案：in memory of
10．他们正在为演这出歌剧化妆。 They are______________for the opera.
11．我们躲在书桌下和老师开了个玩笑。 We________________our teacher by hiding under our desks.
答案：played jokes on
12．一些人希望进行一项喜爱的夏季运动。 Some people________________________a favorite summer sport.
答案：look forward to
13．这条经过训练的狗昼夜守卫着这所房子。 The trained dog watches over the
答案：day and night
14．要把每天都当作是生命中的最后一天来过。 Every day should be lived____________it were our last.
15．和朋友一起娱乐，让他们感觉很高兴。 ________________their friends makes them feel happy.
答案：Having fun with
Ⅱ.用括号中单词的适当形式填空 1 ． He decided to hold a________(celebrate)for his success in business.
2．In order to welcome his________(arrive), we are making good preparations.
3 ． Although my grandpa is in his eighties, he looks very________(energy) every day.
4 ． Now she is twenty years old ， and she needs to be________(independence) and deal with everything alone.
5．On Mid－Autumn Festival, families like to gather together, admire the________(beautiful)of the moon and eat mooncakes.
6．In some areas of Africa, there are still many people who die of________(starve)．
7．Easter is an important religious and________(society) festival for Christians.
8．Don't enter the building without our________(permit)．
9．How can I drive away the feeling of________(sad)?
10 ． The
Ⅲ.根据句意在空格处填上适当的虚词 1．________this important feast day, people eat food in the shape of skulls and cakes.
2．Halloween is now a children's festival，when they can dress ________ and go to neighbours' homes to ask for sweets.
3 ． Halloween also has________origin in old beliefs about the return of the spirits of dead people.
4 ． India has________national festival on October 2 to honor Mohandas Gandhi.
5．________the neighbours do not give any sweets, the children might play a trick on them.
Ⅳ.用括号中的词组翻译句子 1．你会发现通过多阅读英语取得进步是容易的。(find it＋adj.＋ to do，by doing) ________________________________________________________ ________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________
答案：You will find it easy to make progress in English by reading more.
2．有这个男孩带路，我们很快到达那里。(with＋n.＋doing) ________________________________________________________ ________________
答案：With the boy leading the way, we soon got there.
________________________________________________________ ________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________
答案：When the earthquake broke out, I felt as though the world was at an end.
4．显然他在撒谎。(It is obvious that...) ________________________________________________________ ________________
答案：It is obvious that he is telling lies.
5．有人建议我们立刻动身。(set off) ________________________________________________________ ________________
答案：It is suggested that we should set off at once.
6．我们得提醒他记住他的责任。(remind...of...) ________________________________________________________ ________________
答案：We should remind him of his responsibilities.