2014 年“上外杯”上海市高三英语竞赛复赛 试卷册
一、 文学文化常识 1. The “No” campaign won the __________ referendum on 19 September 2014 to keep the territory within the United Kingdom. A. English B. Welsh C.
Scottish D. Irish 2. The __________ were the first known inhabitants of Britain. A. Iberians B. Beaker Folk C. Celts D. Romans 3. In the United States, the judicial is headed by __________. A. Congress B. the Supreme Court C. the Secretary General D. the President 4. ________ is America’s most important food crop. A. Corn B. Wheat C. Rice D. Barley 5. __________ is considered America’s unique contribution to the world. A. Country music B. Western music C. Rock and Roll D. Jazz 6. In 1788 Australia was settled by the British as a colony founded __________.
A. to receive convicts from Britain B. to expand Britain’s imperial power C. to supply Britain with wool and food D. to receive free settlers 7. The origins of most Canadians are British and __________. A. German B. Dutch C. French D. Spanish 8. The capital city of Northern Ireland is __________. A. Wellington B. Cardiff C. Dublin D. Belfast 9. Which of the following is NOT the work by Charles Dickens? A. Tom Jones B. Oliver Twist C. Hard Times D. A Tale of Two Cities 10. Virginia Wolf was famous for __________. A. The Waste Land B. To the Lighthouse C. Waiting for Godot D. Brave New World 11. Emily Dickinson’s poetic idiom is noted for the following EXCEPT __________. A. directness B. obscure C. brevity D. plainest words 12. Robert Burns was a(n) __________. A. novelist
B. poet C. playwright D. essayist 13. Robinson Crusoe is set in the __________ century. A. 15th B. 16th C. 17th D. 18th 14. The trumpet of a prophecy “O wind / If winter comes, can spring be far behind?” is from __________. A. Byron’s “The Isles of Greece” B. Frost’s “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening” C. Keat’s “Ode to a Nightingale” D. Shelly’s “Ode to the West Wind” 15. Bacon’s __________ is the first example of that genre in English literature, which has been recognized as an important landmark in the development of English Prose. A. Essays B. Volpone C. The New Atlantis D. The Adventures of Learning
二、完型填空 Passage A At the beginning of this century, medical scientists made an interesting discovery: we are built not just of flesh and blood but also of time. They were __________(1) to show that we all have “a body clock” inside us, which controls the __________ (2) and fall of our body energies, __________ (3) us different from one day one to the next. The __________ (4) of “a body clock” should not be too __________ (5) since the lives of most living things are controlled by the 24 hour night-and-day cycle. We feel __________ (6) and fall asleep at night and become __________ (7) and energetic during the day. If the 24
hour-cycle is __________ (8), most people experience unpleasant feelings. For example, people who are not used to working at night can find that __________ (9) of sleep causes them to __________ (10) badly at work. __________ (11) the daily cycle of sleeping and __________ (12), we also have other cycles which last longer than one day. Most of us would __________ (13) that we feel good on some days and not so good on __________ (14); sometimes our ideas seem to flow and at other times, they __________ (15) do not exist.
1．A．anxious 2．A．movement 3．A．showing 4．A．invention 5．A．difficult 6．A．dull 7．A．regular 8．A．disturbed 9．A．miss 10．A．perform 11．A．With 12．A．working 13．A．agree 14．A．other 15．A．just
C．careful C．use C．making C．story
D．proud D．rise D．changing D．idea D．interesting
B．supply B．treating B．opinion B．exciting
D．peaceful D．clear D．troubled
B．shortened B．none B．show B．As well as B．moving B．believe B．the other B．only C．lack
D．need D．control D．Rather than D．waking D．allow D．others
C．manage C．Except C．living C．realize C．all other C．still D. yet
Passage Two Last November, Nick heard a disorder at a party. A group of people had __________ (16) outside, pointing at something floating in the Bay. As he ran to __________ (17), he soon saw what was wrong: Two kids in a boat were caught in the __________ (18) and being pulled out to sea. Tim and Jack had climbed into a boat anchored nearby and had rowed out to __________ (19) a football. Reaching beyond the calm waters, the __________ (20) fitted to the boat caught
the wind and pulled it into open water. They tried to row back. But they were no __________ (21) for the wind and turned around in circles. Nick dashed to the farthest of land. The boat was already just a __________ (22) on the sea. He knew that the __________ (23) boat would soon be overtaken by the huge waves, and that it was two degrees. Nick jumped into the __________ (24) cold water. Every 90 yards, he raised his head to assess his __________ (25). At one point, he considered turning back before managing to yell to them, “Take down the umbrella!” Tim battled with the ropes holding the umbrella. Finally he loosened the ropes and __________ (26) the umbrella. Then Nick caught up, but soon waves crashed over the boat, which began to sink. Nick __________ (27) it would be faster to pull them toward the nearest bank. They __________ (28) wore life jackets, which Nick held in one hand, swimming __________ (29). “Are we there?” they asked repeatedly. “Yes,” Nick __________ (30) them each time. It was 30 minutes before they got to the bank and stayed as close as possible for ____________ (31). Worn out, Nick had hardly arrived when he __________ (32). It was an hour later when he found himself in a hospital that he came to. Asked what it took him to make the __________ (33) move, he replied: “It is _________ (34) to step out of the comfort zone. Being an onlooker is a cautious existence, but __________ (35) we should never be stuck in. Stand by or stand up.”
16. A. played 17. A. investigate 18. A. sands 19. A. kick 20. A. life jacket 21. A. match 22. A. ball 23. A. lost 24. A. bitterly 25. A. progress 26. A. threw 27. A. decided 28. A. awkwardly
B. gathered B. find B. rain B. borrow
C. laughed C. ask C. waves C. buy
D. cried D. join D. sun
D. recover C. rope D. anchor D. force D. light D. damaged D. helplessly D. energy D. freed D. recognized D. easily
B. umbrella B. strength B. dot B. delicate B. absolutely B. weather B. opened B. said
C. power C. line C. old C. fairly C. strength C. closed C. declared
29. A. hopefully 30. A. told 31. A. food 32. A. passed out 33. A. warm 34. A. easy 35. A. which
B. cautiously B. comforted B. pleasure
C. continuously C. discouraged C. warmth C. passed off D. brave D. dull D. it D. help
D. desperately D. supported
B. passed away B. generous B. tough B. that
D. passed by
C. proud C. interesting C. one
三、阅读理解 Passage A We often use the words “growth” and “development” as if they meant basically the same thing. But this may not always be the case. One can easily imagine instances in which a country has achieved higher levels of income (growth) with little or no benefit coming to most of its citizens (development). In the past, most development policies were aimed at increasing the growth rate of income per capita. Many are still based on the theory that benefit of economic growth will come to all members of society. If this theory is correct, growth should encourage development. By the early 1970s, however, the relationship between growth and development was being questioned. A major study by the World Bank in 1974 concluded that it is now clear that more than decades of rapid growth in developing countries has been of little benefit to a third of their population. The World Bank study showed that increase in GNP per capita did not promise important improvements in such development indicators as nutrition, health, and education. Although GNP per capita did indeed rise, its benefit came down to only a small part of the population. This realization gives rise to a call for new development policies. These new policies favor agriculture over industry, call for national redistribution of income and wealth, and encourage programs to satisfy such basic needs as food and shelter. In the late 1970s and early 1980s, the international macroeconomic crises of high oil prices, worldwide recession and the third world debt forced attention away from programs designed to get rid of poverty. However, the lesson remains: economic growth does not promise
economic development. Efforts may be required to change growing output capacity into economic benefit that reaches most of a nation’s people.
1. What do we learn from the first paragraph about the relationship between growth and development? A. Growth and development refer to the same thing. B. Growth always brings about development. C. Development is not a necessary result of growth. D. Development is a reliable measure of growth. 2. Before the 1970s, most development policies were based on theory that economic growth would benefit ________. A. most people in society B. some people in society C. few people in society D. everyone in society 3. According to the study by the World Bank in 1974, economic growth in some backward countries brought ________. A. benefit to a third of their population B. benefit to two thirds of their population C. little benefit to their people D. no benefit at all to their people 4. What does the word “recession” (Paragraph 5) most probably mean? A. prosperity B. decline C. fluctuation D. resurgence 5. If the passage continues, what would the author most likely discuss in the next paragraph? A. How to turn growth into development. B. How to remove poverty from society. C. How to decrease the third world debt. D. How to cope with economic crises.
Passage B It is doing something better than other people that makes us unique. Yet a surprising number of people still see individuality as a surface thing. They wear bright clothes, dye their hair strange colors and decorate their skin with tattoos to make some kind of social statement. The whole purpose of individuality is excellence. The people who comprehend the simple principle of being unique through performance make our entire political and economic system work. Those who invent, who improve, who know more about a subject than other people do, and who take something that doesn't work and make it work-----these people are the very soul of capitalism. Charles Kettering didn't like the idea of cranking a car to make it start, so he invented the electric starter. Henry Ford figured out the assembly-line technique and made it possible to mass-produce automobiles. Lewis Waterman saw no need to go on dipping a pen into an inkwell, so he put the ink into the pen. George Westinghouse told the world how to stop a train, and Elisha Otis, inventor of the elevator, indirectly created the city skyline. These people understood that individualism means working at the top of one’s capacity. Fortunately, enough Americans have been inspired to do something with their uniqueness that we have developed in less than three centuries from a frontier outpost into not only a country of freedom but a country strong enough to protect that freedom. These people prized the notions of individuality and excellence above all things and thus kept the great machine functioning. The ones with the purple hair and the horrible jewelry are just along for the ride, trying to be “different” and not knowing how to go about it. The student who earns A’s on his report card has grasped the idea and has found the real meaning of individuality. So has the youngster who has designed his own spaceship, who paints pictures of the world around him, or who can name all the states and their capitals.
6. According to the author, unique individuals are persons who _________. A. do something better than other people B. know more about a subject than other people C. excel others in work D. all of the above 7. People who regard individuality as a surface thing always do the following EXCEPT ______.
A. wearing bright clothes B. coloring their hair C. doing better than others D. decorating their skin with tattoos 8. Which is NOT true according to the passage? A. Henry Ford invented assembly-line technique. B. Elisha Otis was the inventor of the lift C. George Westinghouse created cranks. D. Lewis Waterman put the ink into the pen. 9. It can be inferred from the passage that _________. A. the real secret to being unique lies in our excellent work B. if we want to be different we'd gain more profit C. the student who earns A’s on the report card has not grasped the real meaning of individuality D. all Americans work miracles 10. In the writer's opinion, who has understood the sense of individuality? A. The youngster who designed his own spaceship. B. The youngster who painted worthy pictures. C. The youngster who was interested in wearing strange clothes. D. Both A and B.
Passage C Ask most people how they define the American Dream, and chances are they will say, “Success.” The dream of individual opportunity has been home in American since Europeans discovered a new world in the Western Hemisphere. Early immigrants like Hector St. Jean de Crevecoeur praised highly the freedom and opportunity to be found in this new land. His glowing descriptions of a classless society where anyone could attain success through honesty and hard work fired the imaginations of many European readers. In Letters from an American Farmer (1782) he wrote: We are all excited at the spirit of an industry which is unfettered and unrestrained, because each person works for himself.... We have no princes, for whom we toil， starve, and bleed. We are the most perfect society now existing in the world. The promise of a land where the rewards of a man’s industry follow with equal steps the progress of his labor
drew poor immigrants from Europe and fueled national expansion into the western territories. Our national mythology is full of illustration the American success story. There’s Benjamin Franklin, the very model of the self-educated, self-made man, who rose from modest origins to become a well-known scientist, philosopher, and statesman. In the nineteenth century, Horatio Alger, a writer of fiction for young boys, became American’s best -selling author with rags-to-riches tales. The notion of success haunts us: we spend million every year reading about the rich and famous, learning how to make a fortune in real estate with no money down, and dressing for success. The myth of success has even invaded our personal relationships: today it is as important to be successful in marriage or parenthoods as it is to come out on top in business. However, dreams easily turn into nightmares. Every American who hopes to make it also knows the fear of failure, because the myth of success inevitably implies comparison between the haves and the have-nots, the stars and the anonymous crowd. Under pressure of the myth, we become indulged in status symbols: we try to live in the right neighborhoods, wear the right clothes, eat the right foods. These symbols of distinction assure us and others that we believe strongly in the fundamental equality of all, yet strive as hard as we can to separate ourselves from our fellow citizens.
11. What is the essence of the American Dream according to Crevecoeur? A. People are free to develop their power of imagination. B. People who are honest and work hard can succeed. C. People are free from exploitation and oppression. D. People can fully enjoy individual freedom. 12. By saying “the rewards of a man’s industry follow with equal steps the progress of his labor” (Paragraph 1), the author means __________. A. the more diligent one is, the bigger his returns B. laborious work ensures the growth of an industry C. a man’s business should be developed step by step D. a company’s success depends on its employees’ hard work 13. The characters described in Horatio Alger’s novels are people who ________. A. succeed in real estate investment
B. earned enormous fortunes by chances C. became wealthy after starting life very poor D. became famous despite their modest origins 14. It can be inferred from the last sentence of the second paragraph that ________. A. business success often contributes to a successful marriage B. Americans wish to succeed in every aspect of life C. good personal relationships lead to business success D. successful business people provide good care for their children 15. What is the paradox of American culture according to the author? A. The American road to success is full of nightmares. B. Status symbols are not a real indicator of a person’s wealth. C. The American Dream is nothing but an empty dream. D. What Americans strive after often contradicts their beliefs.
2014 年“上外杯”上海市高三英语竞赛复赛 答案
一、文化文学常识 1. C 6. A 11. B 2. A 7. C 12. B 3. B 8. D 13. C 4. B 9. A 14. D 5. D 10. B 15. A
二、完型填空 1. B 6. B 11. B 16. B 21. A 26. D 31. C 2. D 7. C 12. D 17. A 22. B 27. A 32. A 3. C 8. A 13. A 18. C 23. B 28. A 33. D 4. D 9. C 14. D 19. D 24. A 29. D 34. B 5. C 10. A 15. A 20. B 25. A 30. B 35. C
三、阅读理解 1. C 6. D 11. D 2. D 7. C 12. A 3. B 8. C 13. C 4. B 9. A 14. B 5. A 10. D 15. D