丰台区 2013 年高三年级第二学期统一练习（一） 英 语 2013.3 第二部分：知识运用（共两节，45 分） 第一节 单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，共 15 分）? 从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。? 21. I have joined ______ health
club across the street to get in ______ shape. A. the; 不填 B. a; 不填 C. the; the D. a; a
22. --- Was Tom at the party when you arrived? --- Yes. But he ______ home soon afterwards. A. goes A. followed C. following A. are getting B. would go B. being followed D. having followed B. will get C. have got D. get C. had gone D. went 23. He suddenly had the feeling of ______. But when he looked around, there was nobody.
24. Daniel, you really should cut down on sweets. You ______ fatter every time we meet. 25. --- I find it astonishing that John ______ be so rude to me. --- Not astonishing at all. He is always rude to others. A. should A. what A. to reuse A. Tried out A. wherever meaning of life”. A. are asking C. are asked A. to be entered A. to head friends. A. should not survive B. must not have survived B. have been asked D. have been asking B. to enter B. heading C. entered C. headed D. entering D. head B. must B. which B. to be reused B. Trying out B. whichever C. might C. where C. reused C. To try out C. whatever D. would D. whose D. reusing D. Having tried out D. however 26. There are a couple of art galleries in the city ______ exhibitions are worth visiting. 27. Nowadays people separate their waste to make it easier for it _______. 28. ______different ideas, we are now getting closer to the answer. 29. I like travelling alone. I can stay longer ______ I wish, or just keep moving along. 30. Since the dawn of human history, human beings _______ questions like “What is the real
31. My picture ranked third out of the 15 pictures ______ in the photography contest. 32. The railway station was overflowing with people _______ back home for the Spring Festival. 33. Although I didn’t realize it at the time, I now believe I _______ the disaster without my
C. can not survive A. where A. in
D. would not have survived B. who B. with C. what C. from D. how D. of
34. We’re likely to accept something we are told, but that’s not ________ educated people do. 35. Blue can cause people to lose appetite. So eating ________ blue plates can help to eat less.
第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 30 分）? 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。? When I was eight, I wrote my first poem. My mother read and cried. “Buddy, you didn’t really write this beautiful poem!” Shyly, but 36 , I said yes. She poured out her 37 . “It was nothing short of talent!” “What time will Father be home?” I asked. I could hardly wait to 38 my work to him. I spent quite some time 39 for his arrival. I wrote the poem out in my finest flourish (花体字), drew a fancy border around it, and 40 I placed it right on my father’s plate on the dining table. My father had begun his motion-picture career as a writer. I was sure he would be able 41 my poem. At almost 7 o’clock my father burst in. He seemed 42 . He circled the dining-room table, complaining about his employees. Suddenly he paused and glared at his plate. “What is this?” He was reaching for my poem. “Ben, Buddy has written his first poem!” my mother began. “And it’s beautiful, absolutely amaz …” “If you don’t mind, I’d like to decide for myself.” Father said. I 43 my head as he read that poem. It was only ten lines. But it seemed to take hours. Then I heard him dropping the poem back on the table. Now came the moment of 44 . “I think it’s terrible,” he said. I couldn’t look up. My eyes were getting 45 . “Ben, these are the first lines of poetry he’s ever written,” my mother was saying. “He needs 46 .” “I don’t know why.” My father held his ground. “Isn’t there enough 47 poetry in the world already?” I couldn’t 48 it another second. I ran from the dining room crying. Up in my room I 49 myself on the bed and cried the worst of the 50 out of me. That may have been the end of the story, but not of its 51 for me. I realized how fortunate I had been. I had a mother who said, “I think it’s wonderful!” and a father who drove me to hear with “I think it’s awful.” Every one of us needs that mother force, from which all 52 flows; and yet the mother force alone is incomplete. It needs the balance of the force that 53 , “Watch. Listen. Review. Improve.” Those 54 voices of my childhood ring in my ears through the years, like two opposing winds blowing me. Between the two poles of 55 and doubt, both in the name of love, I try to follow my true course. 36. A. proudly B. slowly C. anxiously D. honestly
37. A. praise 38. A. recite 39. A. waiting 40. A. quickly 41. A. read 42. A. upset 43. A. shook 44. A. truth 45. A. wet 46. A. practice 47. A. awful 48. A. hold 49. A. seated 50. A. confusion 51. A. significance 52. A. love 53. A. orders 54. A. conflicting 55. A. confidence
B. surprise B. show B. planning B. confidently B. revise B. calm B. raised B. struggle B. wide B. judgment B. elegant B. see B. threw B. pressure B. development B. honor B. persuades B. warning B. confirmation
C. admiration C. describe C. praying C. nervously C. appreciate C. tired C. lowered C. decision C. dark C. instruction C. fluent C. stand C. left C. dissatisfaction C. reflection C. creation C. cautions C. disturbing C. distrust
D. belief D. introduce D. preparing D. casually D. polish D. relaxed D. turned D. discussion D. swollen D. encouragement D. controversial D. control D. kept D. disappointment D. challenge D. improvement D. declares D. inspiring D. disapproval
第三部分：阅读理解（共两节，40 分） 第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，共 30 分）? 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该 项涂黑。? A First lady’s campaign brings change WASHINGTON (AP) — Wal-Mart（沃尔玛） is putting special labels（标签）on some products to help shoppers quickly notice healthier ones. Millions of schoolchildren are helping themselves to vegetables from salad bars in their lunchrooms, and kids’ meals at Olive Garden and Red Lobster restaurants come with a side of fruit or vegetables and a glass of low-fat milk. These changes are taking place due to the campaign against childhood fatness, for which the first lady Michelle Obama began fighting three years ago. Fatness has become a serious problem in the country. About one-third of U.S. children are overweight, which puts them at increased risk for any number of deadly illnesses, including high blood pressure and heart disease. Still, Mrs. Obama faces challenge. Not everyone welcomes her effort. Some blame her for going too far and say she has no right to tell what people should and shouldn’t eat. But nutrition supporters and others praise her for using her influence to help bring interests to the table. They said the first lady has raised public awareness about fatness, which will help decrease childhood fatness rates.
There is evidence of small decrease in childhood fatness rates in some parts of the country. New York reported a 5.5 percent drop in fatness rates in kindergarteners through eighth-graders between the 2006-07 and 2010-11 school years. In Philadelphia, the drop was 4.7 percent among students in grades K-12. Fighting against children fatness is hard work, but it’s well worth the effort. The first lady is planning a promotional tour. She has been talking up the campaign against childhood fatness on daytime and late-night TV shows and on the radio. She also plans discussions next week on Google and Twitter. “We’ve been spending a lot of time educating and re-educating families and kids on how to eat, what to eat,” the first lady said. “We’re starting to see some changes and we’re starting to show some improvement.” 56. What is the purpose of the campaign started by the first lady? A. To call on healthy eating. B. To reduce childhood fatness rate. C. To show the harm caused by fatness. D. To educate people how to avoid illness. 57. What is the first paragraph mainly about? A. The popularity of healthy food. B. The importance of balanced diet. C. Children’s preference for vegetables. D. The changes brought out by the campaign. 58. What can we learn from the passage about Mrs. Obama?? A. She is an expert in healthy eating. B. She has won support of the whole nation. C. She shows great concern about childhood fatness. D. She makes good use of media to increase her influence. B Mrs. Squirrel and I Negotiated Terms I was sitting in the room reading when I heard a loud noise. To defend my home from break-in, I picked up my defense weapon--- a broom and went out. There on the roof of my porch （门廊）, I saw a grey fluffy squirrel. I drove her away with the broom, but the next day I heard her again. I searched squirrels on the net and found because their teeth keep growing, they have to constantly chew on things to shorten their teeth. This was disturbing so I asked my husband to call in some wildlife control people. On Monday morning two men showed up, with guns in their hands. I pointed uneasily to the hole in my porch roof. They held up their guns. Suddenly I saw in my mind the baby nursery inside. I stopped them and confirmed that they wouldn’t harm her. They hesitated, but finally put down their guns. Then they brought out a bottle of deodorizer（除臭剂）and sprayed it into the squirrel’s home. They told me she would not like the smell and would leave. There was no sign of Mrs. Squirrel, so they blocked the hole, took my cheque for $250 and left. Shortly after they left, Mrs. Squirrel returned from her shopping trip. She was mad at being driven out and began feverishly clawing at the porch roof. In order to stop the destruction of my
home, I drove her away with the broom again. Each day thereafter, Mrs. Squirrel continued her attack on my possession. I then called the company to report that “SHE’S BAAAAAACK…” The receptionist said that if Mrs. Squirrel had managed to find another way into my porch roof, it would be a new charge. I replied I couldn’t continue contributing my husband’s hard-earned income to their silly wildlife experts and hang up. I went to the porch and banged on the roof. Mrs. Squirrel came out and glared at me. We negotiated some terms, came to an agreeable arrangement and went back into our respective homes. All is quiet these days, although large quantities of materials have been removed from my garage wall and my daughter claims that some of her doll-house furniture has disappeared. I still hope that Mrs. Squirrel would leave, but I will wait until it is warmer and hopefully until after the birth of the little ones. 59. What did the author think of the squirrel at first? A. Troublesome. B. Dangerous. C. Interesting. D. Clever. 60. Why didn’t the author ask the wildlife control people to come again? A. She worried about the safety of the squirrel. B. She thought the company charged too much. C. She decided to drive away the squirrel herself. D. She doubted the ability of the wildlife control people. 61. What can we learn from the passage? A. Getting rid of the squirrel needs patience. B. The squirrel has destroyed the author’s house. C. The author has developed affection for the squirrel. D. The author singed an agreement with Mrs. Squirrel. 62. The author has written the passage in a (an) ________ way. A. persuasive B. serious C. informative D. amusing C Before my first summer vacation at college, my roommate Ted asked to me to work with him on his father’s farm in Argentina. The idea of spending two months in Argentine was exciting. Then I began having second thoughts. I had never been far from New England, and I had been homesick my first few weeks at college. What would it be like in a strange country? What about the language? The more I thought about it, the more the idea worried me. In the end I turned down the invitation. As soon as Ted asked somebody else to go, I began kicking myself. I had turned down something I wanted to do because I was scared, and had ended up feeling depressed. That unhappy summer taught me a valuable lesson out of which I developed a rule for myself: do what makes you anxious; don’t do what makes you depressed. At the end of my senior year, I began to think about becoming a writer. But my professor was urging me to aim at teaching. I hesitated. The idea of trying to live by writing was a lot scarier than spending a summer in Argentina. Back and forth I went, making my decision, unmaking it. Suddenly I realized that every time I gave up the idea of writing, that downhearted feeling went through me.
Giving up on what I really wanted to do depressed me. Right then I learned another lesson. To avoid that kind of depression meant having to bear a certain amount of worry and concern. When I first began writing articles, I was frequently required to interview big names. Before each interview I would get butterflies in the stomach and my hands would shake. One person I particularly admired was the great composer Duke Ellington. On the stage and on television, he seemed the very model of confidence. Then I learned Ellington still got stage fright. If the highly honored Ellington, who had appeared on the bandstand some 10,000 times over 30years, had anxiety attacks, who was I to think I could avoid them? I went on doing those frightening interviews. Then I realized to my astonishment that I was even looking forward to the interviews. What had happened to those butterflies? Well, in truth, they were still there, but there were fewer of them. I had benefited, I discovered, from a process psychologists call “extinction”. If you put an individual in an anxious situation often enough, he will eventually learn that there isn’t anything to be worried about, which brings me to a conclusion: you’ll never get rid of anxiety by avoiding the things that caused it. The point is that the new, the different, is definitely scary. But each time you try something, you learn, and as the learning piles up, the world opens to you. 63. We can infer from the passage that the author________. A. finds it difficult to make decision B. has found out what causes anxiety C. was inspired by Duke Ellington’s stage fright D. no longer feels anxious about new experiences 64. The underlined word “extinction” in Paragraph 6 means ________. A. a person’s gradual loss of confidence B. the natural development of a child’s abilities C. the inborn tendency to avoid anxious situations D. the process of losing fear by keeping facing anxiety 65. Which of the following opinions does the author probably accept? A. Hesitation leads to depression. B. Anxiety can be a positive drive C. Avoiding anxiety reduces depression. D. Depression is a signal that one is growing up. 66. What’s the best title of the passage? A. Confidence: Key to Success B. Anxiety: Challenge by Another Name C. Depression: A Psychological Phenomenon D. Success: A Trip Through Anxiety and Depression D Store shelves are filling up with so-called “green” products promising to benefit the environment. A recent argument shows that it can be as difficult for buyers to confirm such statement as for producers to defend them. The argument concerns the Green Plug Electricity Saver. The Green Plug is supposed to prevent energy waste by electrical equipment whose constant -speed motors operate at less full load---as is especially true of older refrigerators. Research showed that such motors can be made to do the
same work with less heat, noise, and power consumption just by lowering the voltage （电压） of the power supply. John and Wyck Hay, started Green Technologies to apply that finding to home appliances. In the USA, there are more than 140 million refrigerators in use, accounting for an average of 16% of the household electric bill. Two years of research resulted in the Green Plug. Connecting between wall socket and refrigerator, the equipment contains a minicomputer that gives a motor full power (120 volts on average) for start-up, then reduces the power to 106 volts. Older refrigerators are the most overpowered and, thus, save the most energy with a Green Plug. Refrigerators less than two years old are already energy-saving that a Green Plug actually makes them waste electricity. The higher the voltage, the larger the difference a Green Plug makes. Higher power costs shorten the payback time. The population-weighted national average is 10 cents per kilowatt-hour. But some residents in Washington State pay 1.5 cents. Some in Alaska pay 41.6 cents. Then come highly individual household differences like the number of children or refrigerator -opening age. All in all, the Green Plug should save the average consumer $20 a year. Although the Green Plug lowered the voltage as it was designed to do, Consumer Reports , an influential magazine, questioned how quickly---if ever---electricity savings due to the plug would repay its cost. People would be better off buying a new, high-efficiency refrigerator, the magazine advised. Consumer Reports also said that the Green Plug didn’t give a promised 25% savings worth $50 a year. The savings on the oldest model was the best at 8.6%, worth $20 a year. Green Technologies ordered tests of the Green Plug on up to 2,800 refrigerators through next year. The company will not put that data in stores. Instead, potential buyers will call to learn how their model of refrigerator performed. Meanwhile, there is little evidence of consumer dissatisfaction. Sales topped 45,000 units last month. The return rate is less than 0.2%. 67. The GreenPlug on store shelves are due mostly to __________. A. an increased concern about the environment B. a demand for money-saving technology C. the high cost of electrical power D. the shortage of power supply 68. What do we know about the GreenPlug? A. It is especially designed for old refrigerators B. It works well with all home appliances C. It can’t guarantee lower electric bills D. It doesn’t function with lower voltage 69. In the GreenPlug argument, the magazine Consumer Reports __________. A. advocates for the GreenPlug B. suggests Green Technologies never tell the truth C. doubts the effect of the GreenPlug D. informs the public of different opinions
70. We can infer from the passage that the author ___________. A. feels optimistic about the future of GreenPlug. B. believes the GreenPlug has cheated customers. C. holds an objective attitude to the issue. D. encourages further investigation. 第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，共 10 分）? 根据短文内容， 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为多余选项。 “Tear them apart!” “Kill the fool!” “Murder the referee（裁判）！” These are common remarks one may hear at various sporting events. At the time they are made, they may seem innocent enough. 71 They have been known to influence behavior in such a way as to lead to violence. Volumes have been written about the way words affect us. It has been shown that words having certain connotations （含义） may cause us to react in ways quite foreign to what we consider to be our usual humanistic behavior. I see the term “opponent” as one of those words. 72 The dictionary meaning of “opponent ” is “enemy” or “one who opposes your interests.” Thus, when a player meets an opponent, he or she may tend to treat that opponent as an enemy. At such times, winning may control one’s brains. 73 I recall an incident in a handball game when a referee refused a player’s request for a time out for a glove change because he did not consider them wet enough. The player started to rub his gloves across his wet T-shirt and then shouted. “Are they wet enough now?” In the heat of battle, players have been observed to throw themselves across the court without considering the consequences that such a move might have on anyone in their way. I have also witnessed a player hitting his opponent with the ball as hard as he could during the course of play. Off the court, they are good friends. 74 It certainly gives proof of a court attitude which differs from normal behavior. Therefore, I believe it is time we elevated (提升) the game to a higher level. Replacing the term “opponent” with “associate” could be an ideal way to start. The dictionary meaning of the term “associate” is “colleague”; “friend”; “companion.” 75 You may soon see and possibly feel the difference in your reaction to the term “associate” rather than “opponent.” A. Reflect a moment! B. Does that make any sense? C. But let’s not kid ourselves. D. Such rude comments express one’s strong desire to win. E. Perhaps the time has come to delete it from sports terms. F. Players sometimes turn to violence hoping to injured opponents. G. And every action, no matter how rude, may be considered acceptable. 第四部分：书面表达（共两节，35 分） 第一节 情景作文（20 分）? 假设你是红星中学高三（1）班的学生李华，校报英文版正在开展“续写雷锋日记”活 动。请根据以下四幅图的先后顺序，将上周六你所做的一件好事叙述下来，向校报投稿。 注意：词数不少于 60。
（请将情景作文写在答题卡 II 指定区域内） 第二节 开放作文（15 分） 请根据下面提示，写一篇短文。词数不少于 50。 You are discussing the following picture with your English friend Jim. Now you are telling him how you understand the picture and what makes you think so.
（请将开放作文写在答题卡 II 指定区域内）
丰台区 2013 年高三年级第二学期统一练习（一）? 英语 参考答案 第一部分：听力理解（共三节，30 分） 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 7.5 分） 1. C 2.B 3.C 4.B 5.A 第二节（共 10 小题; 每小题 1.5 分，共 15 分） 6.C 7.C 8.A 9.C 10.A 11.B 12.B 13.A 14.C 15.B 第三节（共 5 小题：每小题 1.5 分，共 7.5 分） 如出现拼写错误不计分；每小题超过一个词不计分；出现大小写、单复数错误扣 0.5 分。 16. weight 17. headache 18. fever 19. flu 20. twice 第二部分：知识运用（共两节，45 分） 第一节 单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，共 15 分） 21. A 22. D 23. B 24. A 25. A 26. D 27.B 28. D 29. A 30. D 31. C 32. B 33. D 34. C 35. C 第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 30 分） 36. A 37. A 38. B 39. D 40. B 41. C 42. A 43. C 44. C 45. A 46. D 47. A 48. C 49. B 50. D 51. A 52. C 53. C 54. A 55. B 第三部分：阅读理解（共两节，40 分） 第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，共 30 分） 56.B 57.D 58.C 59.A 60.B 61.C 66.B 67.A 68.C 69.C 70.C 第二节（共 5 小题 ；每小题 2 分，共 10 分） 71.C 72.E 73.G 74.B 75.A
第四部分：书面表达（共两节，35 分） 第一节 情景作文（20 分） One possible version: Last Saturday afternoon I went home with my friend Wang Wei. We were talking happily when a man riding a motorbike passed us quickly. To our great surprise, some 100-yuan notes dropped to the ground from the bag hanging on his motorbike. Hurriedly I shouted at the top of my voice to stop him. But he rode away without hearing me. Seeing the notes scattered on the road, Wang Wei and I decided to pick up the money and wait for the man to come back. Some people seeing what had happened also helped to collect the money. A few minutes later, the man rode back, with sweet on his forehead. He was in a great panic when he saw many people picking up the money. He must have thought that we would go away with his hard-earned money. So when all of us returned the money to him he was so moved and relieved that he kept saying “thank you”. I was so happy that I could give a hand to the man who was in trouble. It was a really rewarding and fulfilling afternoon.
第二节 开放作文（15 分） One possible version: Everyone has a dream. Just like the boy in the picture. He is climbing a ladder to reach the stars. Although the stars seem far too high for him to reach, the boy is still making great effort. Some people may laugh at the boy. But in my opinion, dreams are like the stars hanging high in the sky. Even though we may not reach them, we can look up and enjoy their beauty, believe in them, and try to follow where they lead. What’s more, in fulfilling our dreams, we may run into many difficulties. We should face them bravely and manage to find ways to solve the problems. Like the boy in the picture, we should find a ladder to success and move up step by step. The more difficulties we overcome, the closer we are to our dreams. Dreams are the most valuable things we have in our life. They inspire us, they fire us up, and they make us work wonders. Fulfilling our dreams makes our life full and meaningful.
2013 丰台一模试卷解析 完型填空： 42. 根据后句提到的 complaining about his employees，变现出父亲当时心情不好。 44. 作者在等待父亲对自己的诗做出评价。 49. throw oneself on the bed 表扑在床上的意思，说法比较形象。 52. 容易误选 love，作者是想说妈妈的力量带来的是对我的创作的鼓励，与上下文相符合。 54. 根据上下文或是后句提到的 opposing 可以判断出答案，父母对待我的方式是不同的，而 正是这不一样的方式，我收获很多。 阅读理解： A篇 56. 答案在第二段的“due to the campaign against childhood fatness”。 57. 作者通过沃尔玛超市给商品加标签的例子来说明人们健康饮食的重要性。 58. 答案可以通过“first lady has raised public awareness about fatness, which will help decrease childhood fatness rates”这句话体现出来，或是根据最后三段可以总结出第一夫人是很关注 儿童饮食的。 B篇 59. 根据第一段可以得知作者经常会听见 loud noise，troublesome 表示令人烦恼的，烦心的， 符合作者的心情。 60. 答 案 在 第 五 段 的 最 后 一 句 I replied I couldn’t continue contributing my husband’ shard-earned income to their silly wildlife experts and hang up。 61. 从最后两段可以得知作者开始对松鼠产生了一些感情。 62. 作者把松鼠拟人化，整篇文章的叙事方式比较幽默诙谐的。 C篇 63. 答案在第五段就可以得出。 64. 答案在划线部分的后边一句，即 If you put an individual in an anxious situation often enough, he will eventually learn that there isn’t anything to be worried about。 65. 从最后一段可以得出答案。 66. 主旨大意题，根据文章主旨可以推断出来，或是通过排除的方式得出答案。 D篇 67. 文章的第一段的第一句点题，Store shelves are filling up with so-called “green” products promising to benefit the environment。 68. 答案在倒数第二段的第一句话， Green Plug didn’t give a promised 25% savings worth $50 a year。 69. 同上题，答案在倒数第二段。 70. 作者从头到尾在描述事实，没有添加自己的态度进去，因此作者的态度是 objective 的。 七选五： 71. 空格的前后两句话表达的意思是相反的，因此中间需要转折的句子进行连接。 72. E 选项中的 it 代指空格前面提到的 opponent。 73. 空格前的 winning may control one’s brains 表示在当时的情况下， 人们只想着要赢得比赛， 因此不会去在意说的是什么，与选项 G 相符。 74. 空格后的句子是一个答句，与 B 选项的问句相符。
75. 通过排除的方法可以得出答案是 A。