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2015-2016高中英语 专项练习1 新人教版选修8


专项练习(一)
Ⅰ.七选五 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余 选项。 (1) Simple Ways You Can Avoid Overeating During Holidays The holidays are all about best purpose: early finish of shopping,mailin

g cards on time,and what is the most important one—surviving the year's fat?filled feeding race. Sorry,we can't help in licking envelopes or shopping that is up to you ! But we can arm you with these smart eating tips for indulging without weight gain. __1__The worst thing you can do is to stand around the table at a party and dip into the bowl. You will have no idea how much you are really eating unless you do put your choices on the plate. Calm yourself.__2__When someone gets third or orders that second glass of wine, you can go along them by default. Why do we eat more than we think? If you are surrounded by fast eaters,take a half glass of water between bites to slow down. Reduce those portions. Choose the smallest plate as possible. __3__It has been tested out that whether it is popcorn or even spaghetti the bigger the plate,package or bowl is,the more you are likely to eat. __4__Variety might be the best of life , but it is also a recipe for overeating. Researchers found that adults who were offered sandwiches with four different kinds of filling ate a second more than those who got only their favorite ones. So the advice is to pack together similar flavors. Don't talk with your mouth full. One of the best ways to keep from employing yourself at a big family dinner is great conversation.So as Mom used to say,before you start chatting first finish chewing. When you talk and eat at the same time, you are not really paying attention to either of them.__5__ A.Control your choices. B.Always pick up the special food. C.You look pretty unpleasant as well. D.Your eyes can trick the stomach. E.Get away from the table. F. Feel the taste of each bite. G.Take your seat near the slowest eater at the table.

1.________ 2.________ 3.________ 4.________ 5.________ 文章大意:这是一篇说明文。主要介绍了怎样在假期期间避免大吃大喝,从而造成我们 过于肥胖的方法。比如要远离吃饭的桌子,和吃饭慢的人在一起等。 答案: 1.E 这是一个段落小标题,因此所选的句子应该与本段的主要信息一致,综合下文中 的 stand around the table at a party and dip into the bowl 可知与 E 项 Get away from the table.远离饭桌呼应。误解分析:此题容易错选 B,根据空格后面 have no idea 和后 面的 put your choices on the plate,好像与 B 中的 pick up the special food 信息一致。 2.G 根据空格后面的 If you are surrounded by fast eaters 被吃饭快的人包围,与 G 中的 the slowest eater 相呼应,因此选 G。 3.D 根据空格前面的 Choose the smallest plate as possible.再根据空格后面的 the bigger the plate,package or bowl is,the more you are likely to eat 可知与 D 项信息一致,因此选 D。 4.A 这是本段的小标题,根据本段中的信息 variety 多样性和 sandwiches with four different kinds of filling 四种不同馅的三明治,表明有多种的选择,可知与 A 项控制你 的选择信息呼应。 5.C 本段的小标题是 Don't talk with your mouth full.不要嘴里满是东西和人说 话,再根据 When you talk and eat at the same time,you are not really paying attention to either of them.你一边说话,一边交谈,这都是讨论的不好的一面,与 C 项这样看上去 也不好看信息一致。 (2) Dear IML, I got my report card today,and my parents won't leave me alone.I got a D and two C's in math,but they expected me to get straight A's!__1__They complain that I don't work hard enough and that I'm spending too much time working on my writing. I want to let everyone else know that writing is still a talent,whether they like it or not,but they won't listen! What should I do? ——D.M.L,12 Hi D.M.L. , __2__I myself am not the math whiz that my mother would love me to be,and I happen to want to be a journalist when l grow up. . . so say for writing! I think that parents just react when they see bad grades; they know how smart you are so they expect a lot from you.Sometimes it's especially hard for them to see their kids struggle with

things that come easily to them. __3__Maybe they don't see the point in writing. . .show them.Tell them about how you feel when you write,or great writers,or even just show them a newspaper and point out the importance of your talents. __4__Maybe if studying on your own isn't working,ask your parents for help, study with a friend,or approach your teacher after class one day and ask for some extra help. If you take the lead on this,even if you don't get an A but maybe work your way up to a B,your parents will be so happy and proud to see an improvement. Writing is in my opinion the best subject of all. . . but that doesn't mean that you can just pretend math doesn't count!__5__Maybe a different study method will open doors up for you and you'll find you have a knack for math also! ——Stormie,IML Mentor A.Try to explain to them how important writing is. B.I know it's hard but just give it a try. C.They are screaming at me about my bad grades. D.You should think about getting a tutor for math. E.I'm not saying it's easy to be good at every subject. F.I totally understand your frustration. G.Now it's also important to keep up your grades. 1.________ 2.________ 3.________ 4.________ 5.________ 文章大意:本文是一篇应用文。主要讲述一个学生数学成绩不是太好,而喜欢写作的事, 但是这引起了父母的不满和责备,答疑者给予这个学生怎样和父母进行沟通的建议。 答案: 1.C 上文的句子 I got a D and two C's in math,but they expected me to get straight A's!给出了这个学生数学成绩得了一个 D 和两个 C,而父母希望他得 A,表明他成绩出来之 后,父母对他大声地抱怨,给予他批评等,故选 C。 2.F 前面这个学生提出了自己的问题,不知道该怎么办才好,因此下文这里答疑者上 来先表明充分理解他的问题,下面即将对他的问题 给出自己的建议,故选 F。 3.A 这里是一条具体的建议,结合全段中的关键词 show them,tell them 可知此处建 议这个学生向父母解释写作的重要性,因此选 A。 4.G 结合本段最后部分的 If you take the lead on this,even if you don't get an A but maybe work your way up to a B 可知建议他也要把数学成绩提上去,因此选 G。 5.B 根据后面的句子 Maybe a different study method will open doors up for you

and you'll find you have a knack for math also!表明建议者认为这个学生也可以尝试 一下努力学习数学,也许哪一天他会发现自己在数学方面的天赋,与 B 项“虽然知道这是很 难的,但也可以尝试一下”相呼应,故选 B。 (3) What A Real Leader Does Is a leader merely a manager? What should we expect from our leaders?__1__ Yes,we do need leaders. On our own,we lack the vision,direction,and strength to reach our goals. We were all in need of guidance when we were children—even the cleverest child could not possibly be expected to make certain crucial decisions. Once we become adults,with the capacity to reason for ourselves,we are facing so many pressures of daily survival that we rarely find time and energy to focus on life's larger issues. And when we do,our emotions and subjectivity limit our vision and our movement. __2__When we are occupied with our self?interest—petty or great,a leader sends out a wake?up call,alerting us to seek the true priorities in life. With so many people trying to be leaders these days,how do we recognize a true leader? To answer this question,we must step back and ask:__3__ A true leader wants nothing more than to make people stand on their own,as leaders in their own right. Instead of trying to blind us with his or her brilliance,a true leader reflects our own light back to us,so that we can see ourselves anew. The differences between a leader and a boss: A boss drives their employees, and a leader coaches them. A boss inspires fear, and a leader generates enthusiasm. A boss says “I”,and a leader says“ we”. A boss places blame for breakdowns, and a leader fixes them.__4__ Decide now. Decide today. Are you going to be a real leader?Are you going to develop real leaders?__5__Remember,a leader with vision has a clear,vivid picture of where to go,as well as a firm grasp on what success looks like and how to achieve it. A.A leader provides a new perspective,inspiring us to abandon our narrow field of vision. B.This sense of urgency is just as important in a leader as a sense of vision. C.And do we really need leaders in the first place? D.Are you going to inspire and generate enthusiasm? E.We have a CEO who can direct thousands of employees toward a single objective,

and politicians who inspire millions of citizens to support them. F.What is it that a leader is really trying to accomplish? G.A boss knows how it is done,and a leader shows how it is done. 1.________ 2.________ 3.________ 4.________ 5.________ 文章大意:一名公司领导者是否就是经理或者老板?我们是否需要领导?需要领导做些 什么?我们如何才能成为一名成功的领导者?作者针对这一系列问题作出了解释。 答案: 1.C 根据前两句提示可知本句应为问句形式,根据第二段首句的回答 Yes,we do need leaders.可知本句是在问“我们最初是否确实需要领导者?”。 2.A 下句讲到我们追求私利时,领导会提醒我们去追求生活中真正重要的事情。由此 可推断出答案“一名领导者会提供新的观点,激励我们放弃自己狭隘的观点”。 3. F 根据上句可知本句为问句形式, 根据下段“A true leader wants nothing more than to make people stand on their own. . .”可知,这是在解释真正的领导者要实现什么目标, 故答案为 F 项。 4.G 本段在解释领导与老板的区别,根据本段句子结构可知答案为 G 项。 5.D 本句与前两句并列,为问句形式,提出现在你要决定的几个问题,由此可知答案 为 D 项,根据上文可知,inspire and generate enthusiasm 是一名真正领导者所具备的素 质。 Ⅱ.阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 (1) I can't believe I made it into San Francisco at long last! This morning,I went to the airport to catch my 10 : 00 am flight . I got there early to go through security. Since I had__1__electronic ticket,I then went straight to the boarding gate. When I got there,I couldn't believe__2__eyes. The flight was put off for two hours! I made a__3__(decide) to look at the flight monitors to see if there was an__4__(early) flight to San Francisco. I saw that there was another flight__5__will leave in 40 minutes,so I ran to the boarding gate of that flight. When I got there, I asked the gate agent__6__I could get on that flight instead. She said that I needed to stay in the gate area and wait__7__my name to be called if they had a seat available. So,I waited,and waited,and waited. The gate agent__8__(begin) calling out names . Guess what ? The last

name__9__(call)was mine. The last seat left on the plane was a middle seat and I

usually prefer a window,__10__I was just happy to get on board. I didn't want my vacation to get delayed because of a late flight. 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:作者的航班要推迟两个小时,这使得他无法按时前往旧金山度假,但是最终 他很幸运地搭乘上了另一航班。 答案: 1. an ticket 为可数名词, 且有元音音素开头的形容词修饰, 故要用不定冠词 an 修饰。 2.my “我”不能相信“我”的眼睛。 3.decision make a decision 作出一个决定。 4.earlier 因为 10 点钟的航班推迟了,所以“我”要找其他早一点的航班。 5.that/which 先行词是 another fight,故用 that/which 引导定语从句,并在从句 中作主语。 6.if/whether 此处要填 if/whether 表示“是否”,引导宾语从句。 7.for wait for 等待。 8.began 根据上下文可知此处要用一般过去时态。 9. called 动词 call 与名词 name 为逻辑上的动宾关系, 故要用动词的过去分词形式作 后置定语。 10.but 分析句意可知此空前后两句存在转折关系,故要用转折连词 but。 (2) Most Americans treat their pest like a member of the family . This means__1__Americans love their pets,and that they provide them__2__proper homes,

food and medical care. Americans love pets so much that sometimes they even use __3__(entertain) videos and amusing toys to make their pets' life more interesting.__4__they have an eye owners can dress their pets in pretty clothes.On special occasions,

for fashion, pet

__5__can use perfume to make their pets__6__good. You might say Americans treat their pets like they treat their children—sometimes even__7__(well). The most common pets in the US are dogs,cats,birds and fish. Pets,such as dogs and cats, make good companions. But in addition to providing good companionship, pets are useful , too . For example , dogs guard property , cattle and sheep , and lead__8__blind . Monkeys , unusual pets in the US , will soon become useful pets for__9__(disable) persons. Now scientists__10__(train) monkeys to help paralyzed persons do simple tasks,such as eating,cleaning the house and even changing the

channel on TV set! 1.______ 2.______ 3.______ 4.______ 5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______ 10.______ 文章大意:美国人对待宠物就像对待自己的孩子一样,有时甚至更好。 答案: 1.that 动词 means 后是宾语部分,且连接词在从句中不作成分,故用 that。 2.with provide sb with sth 给某人提供某物。 3. entertaining entertaining“有趣的”。 此处表示他们甚至用有趣的录像和好笑的

玩具来使宠物的生活更加有趣。 4. If 结合语境可知主句和从句之间为条件关系, 此处表示如果宠物主人对时尚有鉴赏 力的话,他们还会给宠物穿上漂亮的衣服。 5.they 此处用 they 指代 pet owners。 6.smell 由前面的 use perfume 以及常识可知,香水可以让动物闻起来很香。 7.better 副词 even 之后常修饰副词比较级。此处表示美国人对待宠物就像他们对待 自己的孩子一样,有时甚至更好。 8.the “the+形容词”表示一类人或事物。此处表示狗可以为盲人领路。 9. disabled 结合语境可知, 此处应用形容词修饰 persons, disabled persons 残疾人。 10.are training 根据语境及关键词 now 可知,此处表示目前科学家们正在训练猴子 帮助瘫痪的人做简单的工作。 Ⅲ.短文改错 阅读短文,文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删 除或修改。增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。删除:把多余 的词用斜线(划掉。修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误仅限 1 词;2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 (1) I went to the Internet bar near our school on the other day. To my surprised, I saw many of my classmates and friends there,watching movies,listening to music or talk with strangers in the chat room. Some seem to be enjoying playing computer games online. In my opinion,the Internet bar should be a place which we can search for useful information we need. But the Internet bar should be a window for us learn more about the outside world instead of a place for fun. The Internet can benefit us greatly if we make a good use of them. I hope schools should take effective measure to prevent students from spending too much time on the Internet. 答案:

I went to the Internet bar near our school on the other day. To my surprised, surprise I saw many of my classmates and friends there,watching movies,listening to music or talk with strangers in the chat room. Some seem to be enjoying playing talking seemed

computer games online. In my opinion,the Internet bar should be a place which we where can search for useful information we need. But the Internet bar should be a window And for us ∧ learn more about the outside world instead of a place for fun. The Internet to can benefit us greatly if we make a good use of them. I hope schools should take it effective measure to prevent students from spending too much time on the Internet. measures (2) Nowadays more and more students are wearing glasses. It is due for,I believe, bad habits they have formed at school and at home. On the one hand,they don't keep book far enough from their faces when they're reading. They also spent too much time reading and writing without a rest. On the other hand,they aren't careful enough about protect their eyes at home. Sometimes they get absorbed computer games or TV programs,ignoring the radiation that come from TV or the computers. Reading on the bed is also the bad habit,especially when the light isn't bright enough. Good eyesight is real necessary for a good life. Please to protect your eyes! 答案: Nowadays more and more students are wearing glasses. It is due for,I believe, to bad habits they have formed at school and at home. On the one hand,they don't keep book far enough from their faces when they're reading. They also spent too much books spend time reading and writing without a rest. On the other hand,they aren't careful or enough about protect their eyes at home. Sometimes they get absorbed ∧ computer protecting in come from TV or the comes

games or TV programs , ignoring the radiation that

computers. Reading on the bed is also the bad habit, especially when the light isn't a bright enough . Good eyesight is protect your eyes! real necessary for a good life . Please to really


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