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外研社必修一module6


1. contain 包含、容纳,含有;控制、抑制 This product may contain nuts. I couldn’t contain my excitement any longer. 辨析:contain , hold, include (1) contain 指包含在内或含有几种成分及部分,或某物在比其更大的东西内。 This drink doesn’t contain any alcohol. (2) 常指“含有…. 的容量” ,可与 contain 互换。 The room can hold 20 people. (3) Include 侧重于作为整体中的一部分而被包括进去 Does the price include the postage? 2. Breakdown n. 故障;关系破裂;失败 Our car had a breakdown on the highway. 衔接: Break down (机器等)损坏,停止运转; (健康状况)垮掉,崩溃,瓦解 He was completely broke down in health. Negotiations broke down after only two days. 3. In 1969, DARP, a US defense organization, developed a way for all their computers to “talk” to each other through the telephone. 考法提示:名词性从句的考查(同位语从句) Develop v. (1) 开发,研制 The company develops and markets new software. (2) 冲洗 Did you get the picture developed? (3) 开发土地 The land was developed for low- cost housing. 拓展:develop the habit of doing…养成…的习惯 4. as well 也,又,同样 词语辨析 as well, too, also, either 它们都含有“也”的意思,区别如下: as well 用于肯定句,一般放在句末; too 和 as well 一样, 用于肯定句中, 一般置于句末, too 可以紧接在主语后面, 但 在简略答语中用于宾格代词之后;also 用于肯定句,常放在句中,位于系动词或 助动词之后,谓语动词之前; either 用于否定句中,一般放在句末。 I too will help you. 我也会帮助你。 拓展: As well as 连接两个并列主语的时候要使用就远原则 (with, together with, along with, except, besides 等) May/might as well do sth. 还是做某事为好 We might as well wait a little longer 4. access n. 通路,接近/使用进入某地的方法/权利/可能性,接近某人的方法/ 权利/可能性; v. 接近,使用

have/gain/obtain access to sb. / sth. 得以接近/会见某人/某物;得以进入/使用 某物 Citizens may have free access to the library. 知识拓展 accessible adj. 可接近的;可使用的;随和的 be accessible to sb. 易接近… Medicine should not be kept where it is accessible to children. 5. at the moment 此刻,现在,目前 in a moment 一会儿,立刻;马上 the moment 立刻,马上; 刚才;可以作从属连词引导时间状语从句,意为 “一……就……” I'll tell you the moment he comes. 6. go 相关的短语 go over 复习 go all out 全力以赴 go through 经历,经受;仔细检 查 7. come up with 提出,想出 衔接: Come across 偶然遇见 come into power 掌权 come about 产生, 发生 Come to oneself 苏醒 come out 出版,开花,发芽 When is her new novel coming out? 注: (1) when it comes to … 当提到… 的时候 (2) an idea comes to one’s mind = an idea occurs to one’s mind 某人突然有一 个想法 8. while 的用法拓展 (1) 作名词 we haven’t seen each other for a while. (2) 作并列连词 “然而,但是” The south of the state grows richer, while the north of the state grows poorer. (3)作从属连词,引导让步状语从句,意为“虽然,尽管” While I agree with you, I don't think your way is the best. (4)作从属连词,引导条件状语从句意为“只要” While there is life, there is hope. 9. via prep. 经由某地(by way of); 通过;以某种方式;以……为媒介(by means of) They went to Beijing via Jinan 10. design by design=on purpose 故意地,蓄意地 11. concentrate v. 集中(注意力、思想等)……,专心……;聚集 concentrate on / upon sth./doing sth 集中于,专心于 If you concentrate your energy on the study of English, you will master the language.
12. disadvantage n. 弊端;缺点;不利条件

His bad health is a great disadvantage to him. (be) at a disadvantage 处于不利地位

to sb.'s disadvantage 对某人不利,使某人吃亏 to sb’s advantage take advantage of 利用…
13. Text messages are much cheaper than talking on a mobile phone, and you can make it even cheaper by shortening the words that you use.

①“make+宾语+n.” 意为“使、让某人 / 某物(成为)……”。 We made him captain of our football team. ②“make+宾语+adj.” 意为 “使某人/某事(变得)……”。 The news that our team had won made us very happy ③“make+宾语+do sth.(不带 to 的不定式)”意为 “使某人做某事” 。 What makes the grass grow? 1. —How about your journey to Mount Emei? —Everything was wonderful except that our car _________ twice on the way . A. slowed down B. broke down C. got down D. put down the school library provide 2. We should consider the students’ request more books on popular science. A. that B. when C. which D. where

3. the place has _____ from a fishing port into a tourist center. A increased B. discovered C. developed D. improved

4. Our English teacher, as well as us students ____ not _____ Chinese in the English class. A. is; allowed to speak D. are; allowed speaking 5. To get a better grade, you should __________the notes again before the test. A. go over B. get over C. turn over D. take over 6. _____ volleyball is her main focus, she’s also great at basketball. A Since B. Once C. Unless D. While B. is; allowed speaking C. are; allowed to speak

7. The joke told by Tom made us ______,so our math teacher couldn't make himself ______. A. laugh; hearing heard B. laugh; heard C. laughing; hear D. laughed; to be


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