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惠州市2016届高三第一次调研考试英语试题和参考答案


惠州市 2016 届高三第一次调研考试 英 语
2015.07 本试卷分选择题和非选择题两部分。满分 120 分(最终成绩按总分 135 分进 行折算) ,考试用时 120 分钟。 注意事项:
1. 2. 3. 4. 本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。 答题前,考生务必将自己的姓名,准考证号填写在答题卡相应的位置。 全部答案应在答题卡上完成,

答在本试卷上无效。 考试结束后,将答题卡交回。

第I卷
第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 A EDGEWOOD—Every morning at Dixie Heights High school, customers pour into a special experiment :the district’s first coffee shop run mostly by students with special learning needs. Well before classes start, students and teachers order Lattes, Cappuccinos and Hot Chocolates. Then, during the first period, teachers call in orders on their room phones, and students make deliveries. By closing time at 9:20 a.m. , the shop usually sells 90 drinks. ―Whoever made the chi tea, Ms. Schatzman says it was good, ‖Christy McKinley , a second year student , announced recently, after hanging up with the teacher. The shop is called the Dixie PIT, which stands for Power in Transition. Although some of the students are not disabled, many are, and the PIT helps them prepare for life after high school. They learn not only how to run a coffee shop but also how to deal with their affairs. They keep a timecard and receive paychecks , which they keep in check registers. Special-education teachers Kim Chevalier and Sue Casey introduced the Dixie PIT from a similar program at Kennesaw Mountain High School in Georgia. Not that it was easy. Chevalier’s first problem to overcome was product-related. Should schools be selling coffee? What about sugar content? Kenton County Food Service Director Ginger Gray helped. She made sure all the drinks, which use non-fat milk, fell within nutrition guidelines. 1.The coffee shop is mostly run by____________. A. all the students B. all the teachers

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C. students with special learning needs. 2. When does the coffee shop close? A. In the early morning. C. At 9 a.m. 3. The Dixie PIT program was introduced in order to A. raise money for school affairs B. do some research on nutrition C. supply teachers with drinks D. develop students’ practical skills B

D. some special-education teachers B. At 9:20 a.m. D. in the afternoon .

Picture the scene: You come home after work feeling too exhausted to cook –only to find a delicious meal worthy of a Michelin-starred restaurant waiting for you. It sounds like a fantasy, but it could be about to come true thanks to a robot chef developed by British scientists. Those scientists have come up with a set of robotic arms so smart that they are capable of cooking meals all by themselves. The device will be sold from as early as 2017 as part of a purpose-built high-tech kitchen. Scientists at Moley Robotics spent almost 18 years developing the hands. According to its creators, the arms can chop, stir, whisk and baste well enough to recreate almost anything you would care to eat, whether it is a simple home-cooked supper, or a complicated creation designed by a world-class chef. The hands move a little slowly, hovering strangely above the work surface whenever they are not busy, but they imitate human movements closely enough that they can do things such as wiping a spoon on the edge of a pan to prevent drips. Mr Oleynik, who is leading the project, said, ―All the things which are possible with the hand are possible here. There is no limitation. A lot of people want to go to Michelin-starred restaurants, but they are quite expensive and may be quite far from the home. This is an opportunity for people to enjoy very good food, and for a reasonable price. ‖ The only cuisine that is off the robot’s menu at the moment is sushi, which requires extremely steady pressure and nimble fingers to make, but the team plan to conquer that as well by the time it goes on sale. 4. People go to Michelin-starred restaurants in order to______. A. appreciate car tires. B. enjoy delicious meals C. see the new robot chefs D. escape from work 5. What does the underlined word ―they‖ in Paragraph 2 refer to? A. British scientists B. The robot chef’s arms C. Cooks at restaurants D. Household wives
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6. Which kind of food CAN’T the robot chef cook at present? A. Bread B. Beef C. Sushi D. Sandwich 7. What can we infer from the passage? A. Hands of a robot chef can perform exactly like a cook. B. Robot chefs are available at shopping malls. C. Michelin-starred restaurants are suitable for many people. D. It is uncertain when the robot can cook all kinds of food. C A tender woman, or an independent one, which one would you prefer? A recent research shows that most people would choose the latter. This type of woman is called a nühanzi (―tough woman‖). Experts believe these characteristics have social and psychological roots among young females in China. Su Hao’s friends all call her a tough woman, because she can finish tough tasks usually carried out by men. For example, she carries 10-litre water to her dormitory on the 5th floor. ―I depend on no one but myself,‖ she says. According to a recent survey by China Youth Daily, tough women have become rather common in society. Of the 21,265 respondents, 78.5 percent said they are familiar with a tough woman. About 50 percent said they like women with tough characteristics, while less than 29 percent expressed the opposite view. Why are tough women gaining popularity? Shen Meng, a psychological consultant, believes the fierce competition in society is contributing to this trend. ―Women are often in a disadvantaged position compared to men,‖ Shen says. ―In order to survive, they have to be independent, strong and tough.‖ Liu Xiaolin, professor of psychology at Wuhan Mental Health Center, believes tough women are brought up this way. They are often on close relationship with their fathers, who teach their daughters to be brave and decisive,‖ he says. As a result, these women are more likely to be psychologically healthy and more tolerant to stress, according to Liu. Though Liu believes that this is a good trend, Hu Shenzhi, a psychologist at the Guangdong Sunflower Counseling Center, says the popularity of tough woman indicates an unclear line between gender identities, which can lead to relationship problems. ―Some women with characteristics that differ from the traditional female image may have a difficult time finding Mr Right,‖ he says. ―Even if they get married, their manly characteristics might cause family conflicts. 8. Which of the followings doesn’t belong to the characteristics of a tough woman? A. She is independent of others in daily life. B. She is soft and tender to others. C. She is more tolerant to stress. D. She can solve problems usually for men. 9. How many respondents like tough women? A. about 10,600. B. about 16,700. C. 21,265. D. about 6,200 10. Why are there more tough women nowadays?
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A. Because tough women are more lovely. B. Because more women want to be independent. C. Because girls often love fathers more. D. Because of the fierce competition in society. 11. What problems may tough women have in their life? A. It’s difficult for them to be friends. B. They often suffer gender confusion. C. They may have difficulty with marriage. D. They have different characteristics form traditional female images. D Our ―Mommy and Me‖ time began two years ago. My next-door neighbor and fellow mother, Christie, and I were out in our front yards, watching seven children of age 6 and under ride their bikes up and down. ―I wish I could take one of my children out alone,‖ said Christie. Then we worked out a plan: When Christie takes one of her children out, I’ll watch her other three. And when she watches two of mine, I’ll take someone out. The children were extremely quick to accept the idea of ―Mommy and Me‖ time. Christie’s daughter, McKenzie, went first. When she returned, the other children asked her tons of questions. McKenzie was smiling broadly. Christie looked refreshed and happy. ―She’s like a different child when there’s no one else around,‖ Christie shared with me quickly. With her mother all to herself, McKenzie didn’t have to make an effort to gain attention. Just as Christie had noticed changes in McKenzie, I also discovered something different in each of my children during our alone times. For example, I am always surprised when my daughter, who is seldom close to me, holds my hand frequently. My stuttering (口吃的) son, Tom, doesn’t stutter once during our activities since he doesn’t have to struggle for a chance to speak. And the other son, Sam, who’s always a follower when around other children shines as a leader during our times together. The ―Mommy and Me‖ time allows us to be simply alone and away with each child ---talking, sharing, and laughing, which has been the biggest gain. Every child deserves to be an only child at least once in a while. 12. What is the text mainly about? A. The advantage of spending time with one child at a time . B. The experience of the only child being with mother. C. The happy life of two families. D. The basic needs of children. 13. Right after McKenzie came back, the other children were _____________. A. happy B. friendly C. regretful D. curious 14. What is one of the changes the author finds in her children? A. The daughter acts like a leader. B. Sam holds her hand more often.
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C. Tom has less difficulty in speaking. D. The boys become better followers. 15. The author seems to believe that ___________. A. having brothers and sisters is fun B. every child needs parents’ full attention C. it’s tiring to look after three children D. parents should watch others’ children 第二节 (共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为 多余选项。

Throughout the ages and across the world, supernatural stories have come alive in the novels, movies, TV series and songs passed down from one generation to another. Some vivid and attractive stories about supernatural creatures have approached close to us from the screen.___16___ Vampires(吸血鬼) are transformed from a human. They feed on human's blood and they can't walk in the day-time unless they have a special ring or a necklace put on spell, which protects them from being burnt by the sunlight. ___17___The vervain is a herbal that can weaken the vampires or send them to death. Werewolves(狼人)are born genetically. They are born to be enemies of vampires' as well. One bite from a werewolf will lead a vampire to death. ___18___ This drug plays a part in weakening their strength especially during the full moon when they turn their human bodies into wolves. A werevam is a hybrid mixed by a vampire and a werewolf. This species must carry a born gene of a werewolf before turning into a vampire. They are more powerful, but they also limited by vervain and wolfsbane.___19___ A witch is someone who is capable of magic.They have the ability to trap various species in a certain space with the help of the spells. ___20___It is also named black art, which enables them to bring creatures back to life. Because of the danger and threat, most of the witches are forbidden to master or make use of it. A. Here are some typical characters in the supernatural story. B. Most of the vampires are not in control. C. However, they also have their fatal herbal called wolfsbane.(附子草) D. A witch is beautiful, with different powers and always young. E. Some of the witches have a rich knowledge of black magic. F. So they need to prevent themselves from both of the herbals. G. Besides, they are scared of vervain. (马鞭草)

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第二部分

英语知识运用(共两节, 满分 45 分)

第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A, B, C, D)中,选出可以填入空白处 的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Eight monkeys were gathered in a room. In the middle of the room is a ladder, which leads to a bunch of bananas hanging from a hook on the ___21___. This amazing ___22___ goes like this. Each time a monkey ___23___ to climb the ladder, all the monkeys are___24___ with ice water, which makes them ___25___. Soon enough, whenever a monkey attempts to climb the ladder, all of the other monkeys set upon him and beat him up. Soon, none of the eight monkeys ever attempts to climb the ladder. One of the original monkeys is then___26___, and a new monkey is put in the room. ___27___ the bananas and the ladder, he wonders why none of the other monkeys are doing the ___28___. But undaunted(大胆的), he ___29___begins to climb the ladder. All the other monkeys fall upon him and beat him silly. He has no ___30___why. However, he ___31___ attempting to climb the ladder. A second original monkey is removed and replaced. The ___32___ again attempts to ___33___ the ladder, but all the other monkeys hammer the crap out of him. This includes the ___34___ new monkey, who, ___35___ that he’s not on the receiving end this time, takes the same ___36___ because all the other monkeys are doing so. ___37____, he doesn’t know why he’s attacking the new monkey. With more replacements, eight new monkeys are ___38___for the original in the room now. None of them have ever been sprayed by ice water. None of them attempt to climb the ladder. All of them will enthusiastically deal with any new monkey who dares to, without knowing the reason. And that is how___39___, religions and systems get established and ___40___. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31 32. 33. 34. 35. A. wall A. research A. tries A. covered A. surprised A. caught A. Hearing A. lucky A. hurriedly A. concept A. prevents A. stranger A. touch A. previous A. upset B. floor B. experiment B. manages B. shot B. shocked B. trapped B. Feeling B. clever B. slowly B. idea B. protects B. beginner B. approach B. later B. depressed
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C. roof C. performance C. succeeds C. sprayed C. miserable C. removed C. Seeing C. special C. immediately C. thought C. stops C. outsider C. climb C. recent C. satisfied

D. ceiling D. survey D. plans D. poured D. unfortunate D. gone D. Watching D. obvious D. hesitantly D. sense D. keeps D. newcomer D. crawl D. current D. grateful

36. 37. 38. 39. 40.

A. action A. However A. partners A. traditions A. abandoned

B. fight B. Therefore B. companions B. societies B. carried

C. violence C. Meanwhile C. substitutes C. habits C. followed

D. battle D. Thus D. colleagues D. cultures D. passed

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惠州市 2016 届高三第一次调研考试 英 语
第 II 卷
注意:将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分。满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 When I was in elementary school, I always argued with a boy in my class. I have forgotten what the ___41___ (argue) was about, but I have never forgotten the lesson I learnt that day. I was convinced that ―I‖ was right and ―he‖ was wrong but he argued that ―I‖ was wrong and ―he‖ was right. The teacher decided to teach us ___42__ very important lesson.She___43__ (bring) us up to the front of the class and placed the boy on the side of her desk and me on the other. In the middle of her desk, there was a large ___44___ round object. She asked the boy what color the object was. ―White‖, he answered. I couldn’t believe ___45___he said, because it was ___46___ (obvious) black! Another conflict started ___47___ him and me, but this time it was about color of the object.The teacher told me to stand in the place ___48___the boy had been standing. We changed the place and now she asked me what the color of the object was. I had to answer, ―White‖. It was an object with two differently colored sides. From ___49___viewpoint it was white, but from my side it was black. Sometimes___50__ (look) at a problem from the other person’s view, we will come to a totally different conclusion.

第三部分 写作(共两节 满分 35) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号( ? ),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Once, my grandparents and eight children went to the beach with some other friend. They spent the whole day swam. Exhausting, they all went straight to bed after arriving home.

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At mid-night, someone knocked the door and my grandpa opened the door, finding his old friend outside. He asked my grandparents that they had forgotten something at the beach or not. Grandpa, confused, answered, ―No, nothing seems to be in an order.‖ His friend smiled and called his wife to come out of their car, with my 4-year-old aunt, Susan. He said, ―you forget little Susan at the beach.‖ They saw my aunt crying alone at the beach and brought her up. How extreme kind of them!

第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假定你是李华, 你的朋友 William 是就读于惠州某学校的英国交换生, 他对本地文化很 感兴趣。惠州博物馆将于 7 月 4 日下午 2:00 举办龙门农民画展,请给 William 写一封电子 邮件邀他一起观展。要点如下: 1. 提出邀请; 2. 画展时间及地点; 3. 观展后活动建议; 4. 请求对方回复。 注意: 1. 2. 3. 4.

词数 100 左右; 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 开头语已为你写好。 参考词汇:龙门农民画 peasant paintings from Longmen

Dear William, I have good news to tell you. ___________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ Yours faithfully, Li Hua

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惠州市 2016 届高三第一次调研考试英语参考答案
阅读理解: 1—5 CBDBB 16—20 AGCFE 完形填空: 21—25 DBACC 语法填空: 41. argument 46. obviously 短文改错: 6—10 CDBAD 11—15 CADCB

26—30 CCDCB

31—35 CDCAD

35—40 AACAC

42. a 47. between

43.brought 48. where

44. and 49.his

45. what 50.looking

书面表达: Dear William, I have good news to tell you. An exhibition of peasant paintings from Longmen will be put on in Huizhou Museum at 2:00 pm on July 4th. Knowing that you take a great fancy to Huizhou culture, I am wondering whether you would like to go to the exhibition with me. If you can come, I suggest we appreciate the other exhibitions of Huizhou history in the museum as well, which would hopefully satisfy your interest in this incredible city. Afterwards, I would like to invite you to have dinner with my family at home, trying some local food and my mother’s famous dishes. I am sure you’ll have an unforgettable cultural experience. Looking forward to your reply. Yours faithfully, Li Hua

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