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2011届高考英语第一轮复习过关测试题5


江苏省 2011 届高三英语一轮过关测试(5)
第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 35 分)
第一节:单项选择 (共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 21.He is said _______ in Guanyun Senior between 2002 and 2005. A. to have learned B. to learn C. learn D. learned

22. I was told that the hotel was very cheap, but actually it is _____ cheap. A. nothing but B. anything but C. really D. certainly

23. It is said that dogs will keep you _____ for as long as you want when you are feeling lonely. A. friend B. safety C. house D. company

24. A good storyteller must be able to hold his listeners’ attention ___he reaches the end of the story. A. when B. unless C. while D. until

25. All the citizens here strongly insist those found____ “harmful” advertisements in the streets _____ punished strictly. A. putting up; will be be 26. Could it be in the classroom_____ we had a talk last night _____you left your keys? A. that; where where 27. My granny is beginning to ______and will soon recover under good treatment. A. take up B. turn up C. bring up D. pick up B. in which; where C. where; that D. where; B. to put up; should be C. being put up; shall D. putting up;

28. I’d like you to take my picture _____stands the ancient tower. A. what B. there C. that D. where

29. ---You haven’t been to Beijing, have you? --- _______. And how I wish to go there again. A. Yes, I haven’t B. Yes, I have C. No, I haven’t D. No, I have

30. She has changed so much that she is out of our______. A. permission B. impression C. patience D. recognition

31. In some parts of China, it is a common _____ that it is the wife who is responsible for the meals and clothes-washing for the whole family.

A. sense

B. practice

C. knowledge

D. idea

32. The disease malaria, which is spread by mosquitoes, kills over one million children yearly. ______, according to the United Nations, hunger and malnutrition claim ten million lives each year. A. However B. On the contrary C. On top of this D. As a result

33. Unable to practice their traditions, many young Roma _____ illegal behavior, such as stealing, and were usually the main suspects when anything went missing. A. took to 高。考。资。源。网 B. took up 高。考。资。源。网 C. made up 高。考。资。源。网 D. took along 34. ——What is ____ population of China? ——It has ____ population of some 1.3 billion. A. the; the 高。考。资。源。网 B. a; a 高。考。资。源。网 C. the; a D. a; the

35. The committee is also undertaking the important educational work ____the consensus of the members _____ the best form of conservation is the prevention of damage. A. based on; that B. to base on; which C. based on; which D. to base on; where

第二节:完形填空(20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 36~55 各题所给的四个选项(A,B,C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项. Once you’ve found the right taxi, problems of fares, meters and other charges come into play. In some countries, all taxis are36, and the government regulates fares so you can expect 37 problems. But in other places you may find drivers 38 to use meters, 39 the car should be equipped with one. The best way in such cases is to 40 on their use, if you know meters are available. But 41countries where there truly are no meters? There are two methods you can use. One is to discuss the fare 42 you get into the car. In Russia, this is the only way _43.”You call a taxi, and when the driver _44, you don’t get in,” a (an) 45_ traveler say.” The driver will to the passenger side window, you tell him where you want to go, then discuss a price.” But another man takes a different approach on his trips to Latin America. His “never-ask-the-fare “policy 47_ like this.” While I’m in the airport, I ask three or four people to get an idea 48 how much it will cost to get to my destination,” he explains.” I 49 ask the driver how much it is, I just pay 50 than what the people said. If it’s more, the driver will tell you.” When a fare does 51 to be more than you expected, think about your choices. Of course, a large 46 over

difference may 52 you arguing with the driver. 53 , one traveler makes the point that this 54may amount to pennies when you consider exchange rates.” Choose your fights,” she says.” Is it worth 25 or 50 cents to 55 a taxi driver?” 36. A. fixed 37.A. tiny 38.A. unwilling 39.A. if not 40.A. lie 41.A. what about 42.A. when 43.A. that does 44.A. pull out 45.A. excited 46.A. bend 47.A. looks 48.A. for 49.A. always 50.A. lower 51.A. turn out 52.A. let 53.A. Even 54.A. trouble 55.A. argue with B. metered B. some B. unforgettable B. as if B. insist B. what for B. after B. it is done B. pull over B. surprised B. learn B. thinks B. on B. never B. higher B. turn over B. make B. However B. problem B. deal with C. fastened C. many C. unsure C. even though C. learn C. what if C. before C. it will do C. pull down C. disappointed C. move C. works C. at C. ever C. more C. turn about C. leave C. If C. difference C. fight with D. controlled D. few D. unknown D. so that D. lay D. what though D. while D. which does D. pull off D. experienced D. get D. seems D. with D. often D. less D. turns back D. force D. So D. expense D. talk

第三部分:阅读理解(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分)
A Nowadays, most employees of local high-tech industries are below the age of 35,and for newly rising industries such as computer software and the Internet, the figure is below 30.People in this age bracket(阶层)are known as Generation-X, which is made up of those born between 1963 and 1981(i.e those aged between 17 and 35).Compared with those born from 1946 t0 1960, Generation-X are typically independent, they also have their shortcomings. Employees often

complain that Generation-X are a group hard to manage. Although willingness and enthusiasm are highly valued by Generation-X, they will not accept orders blindly. In short, Generation-X will not accept authoritarian( 权 力 主 义 ) leadership. They expect their leaders to have a detailed understanding of the job, and most importantly, to treat them as an important member of them as partners. As a result, managing Generation-X employees is not a science but also a art. There are basic guidelines to follow in managing them and helping them perform at their best. 1. 2. 3. 4. Support them in their quest(追求)for knowledge skills; Room for creativity and failure. Provide frequent and timely feedback(反馈) Provide communication channels. If managers follow these basic guidelines, they may find that the employees they once considered as young, selfish and uncontrollable turn out to be responsible and energetic team players. 56. Generation-X in this article refers to the group of people who are ___ A. educated employees below the age of 35. factories. C. often praised by the mangers 57. From the article we know that the writer_____ A. thinks highly of Generation-X 高。考。资。源。网 B. feels disappointed with Generation-X C. has a better understanding of Generation-X Generation-X 58. If you were a manager working with Generation-X ,you should ____. A. treat them as equals and encourage them to try new ideas. B. Give them orders frequently and make them work hard. C. Let them know they are selfish and uncontrollable. D. Warn them that they may lose jobs at any time. B People living on parts of the south coast of England face a serious problem .In 1993, the owners of a large hotel and of several houses discovered, to their horror, that their gardens had disappeared overnight. The sea had eaten into the soft limestone(石灰石)cliffs on which they had been built. D. suggests that the managers be strict with D. born after the year of 1963 B. young hard-working workers in

While experts were studying the problem, the hotel and several houses disappeared altogether, sliding down the cliff and into the sea. Erosion(侵蚀)of the white cliffs along the south coast of England has always been a problem but it has become more serious in recent years. Dozens of homes have had to be abandoned as the sea has crept farther and farther inland(向内陆).Experts have studied the areas and most affected and have drawn up a map for local people, forecasting the year in which their homes will be swallowed up by the hungry sea. Angry owners have called on the government to erect sea defenses to protect their homes. Government surveyors have pointed out that in most cases, this is impossible. New sea walls would cost hundreds of millions of pounds and would merely make the waves and currents go further along the coast, shifting the problem from on area to another. The danger is likely to continue, they say, until the waves reach an inland area of hard rock that will not be eaten as limestone is .Meanwhile, if you want to buy a cheap house with an uncertain future, apply to a house agent in one of the threatened areas on the south coast of England. You can get a house for a knockdown price but it w=may turn out to be a knockdown home. 59. What is the cause of the problem that people living on parts of the south coast of England face? A. The rising of the sea level 高。考。资。源。网 B. The experts’ lack of knowledge. C. The washing-away of limestone cliffs. gardens. 60. The experts’ duty on the problem of erosion can_____. A. warn people whose homes are in danger. C. help to prevent it from worsening. B. provide an effective way to slow it down. D. lead to its eventual solution. D. The disappearance of hotels, houses and

61.It is not practical to build sea defenses to protect against erosion because ______. A. house agents along the coast do not support the idea. B. it is too costly and will endanger neighboring areas. C. the government is too slow in taking action. D. they will be easily knocked down by waves and currents. 62. According to the author, when buying a house along the south coast of England, people should_____. A. take the quality of the house into consideration.

B. guard against being cheated by the house agent. C. examine the house carefully before making a decision. D. be aware of the potential danger involved. C BUKHANNON, West Virginia--- Two rescue teams slowly moved along a two-mile path on Monday night to the site of a coal explosion that trapped 13 miners ,who had been heard from since the early morning accident. Meanwhile, at a nearby church, more than 250 family members and friends gathered ,waiting for updates(最新报道)on the rescuers’ progress. 高。考。资。源。网 The miners were trapped at about 6:30 and many families weren’t informed of the accident until about 10 a.m-more than three hours after it happened.” It’s very upsetting, but you’ve got to be patient, I guess,” said John Helms, whose brother, Terry, was trapped in the mine. The trapped miners were about 260 feet underground and about 10,000 feet from the Sago Mine’s entrance, said Roger Nicholson, general counsel from International Coal Group. At a late night news conference, Nicholson said one team had advanced about 4,800 feet in the four houses since entering the mine just before 6p.m.Another team entered the mine about 30 minutes later. He said the crew was very experienced ,with some members having worked underground for 30 to 35 years .The miners were equipped with about one hour of breathable oxygen each .The company has not released the names of the miners. The teams test the air about every 500 feet, and have to disconnect (remove) the power to the phones they use to communicate with the surface before doing that.” We don’t want to be energizing anything if it’s in an atmosphere with burnable gases,” Kips said. The cause of the explosion was not immediately known. High levels of carbon monoxide were detected shortly after the explosion, which delayed rescue efforts,but those levels have since subsided(减退),authorities said. 63. According to the passage, we can infer that _____. A. all the miners who were trapped underground were still alive B. communication with the trapped miners was cut off. C. the two rescue teams entered the miner at the same time.

D. the rescue started as soonas the accident happened. 64. If the first team advanced at an average speed, they could dig about _____ per hour. A.1,000 feet B.2,400 feet C.1,200 feet D.4,800 feet.

65. Where can the passage be seen? A. In a magazine advertisement. D How should one invest a sum of money in these clays of inflation (通货膨胀)? Left in a bank it will hardly keep its value, however high the interest rate. Only a brave man, or a very rich one, dares to buy and sell on the Stock Market. Today it seems that one of the best ways to protect your savings, and even increase your wealth is to buy beautiful objects from the past. Here I am going to offer some advice on collecting antique clocks, which I personally consider are among the most interesting of antiques. I sometimes wonder what a being from another planet might report back about our way of life. "The planet Earth is ruled by a mysterious creature that sits or stands in a room and makes a strange ticking sound. It has a face with twelve black marks and two hands. Men can do nothing without its permission, and it fastens its young round people's wrists so that everywhere men go they are still under its control. This creature is the real master of Earth and men are its slaves." Whether or not we are slaves of time today depends on our culture and personality, but it is believed that many years ago kings kept special slaves to tell the time. Certain men were very clever at measuring the time of clay according to the beating of their own hearts. They were made to stand in a fixed place and every hour or so would shout tire time. So it seems that the first clocks were human beings.w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m However, men quickly found more convenient and reliable ways of telling the time. They learned to use the shadows cast by the sun. They marked the hours on candles, used sand in hour- glasses, and invented water-clocks. Indeed, any serious student of antique should spend as much time as possible visiting palaces, stately homes and museums to see some of the finest examples of clocks from the past. Antique clocks could be very expensive, but one of the joys of collecting clocks is that it is still possible to find quite cheap ones for your own home. After all, if you are going to be ruled by time, B .In a newspaper C. In a science book D. On an

why not invest in air antique clock and perhaps make a future profit? 66. According to the passage, collecting antique clocks____. A. can hardly keep the value of your savings C. may increase your wealth B. will cost much of your savings D. needs your bravery

67. By quoting (引用) the remark of a being from another planet, the author intends to____. A. suggest human beings are controlled by a clock B. describe why clocks can rule the planet Earth C. tell readers what clocks look like D. compare chicks to human beings 68. Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a way to measure the time? A. Counting the beating of one's own heart. C. Observing shadows cast by the sun. B. Making use of candles, sand and water. D. Keeping slaves busy day and night.

69. The underlined phrase stately homes in paragraph 4 means _________. A. state-owned houses B. houses in very good condition

C. grand houses open to the public D. houses where statesmen meet regularly 70. The purpose of the passage is _________. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m A. to introduce the culture of antique clocks B. to offer some advice on collecting antique clocks C. to compare different ways to make a future profit D. to explain convenient and reliable ways of telling time

第Ⅱ卷(非选择题,满分 35 分)
第四部分 任务型阅读(共 10 小题;满分 10 分)
注意:每空格填 1 个单词,并抄写在答题纸的相应位置上。 Recently three kinds of foods are very popular in the United States. Convenience Foods Instead of buying only fresh foods, Americans buy many more convenience foods. These are foods which are ready partly or completely prepared. There are also many canned convenience foods, such as soups and vegetables. Convenience foods save time and trouble. They are popular with people who are busy or who

don’t like to cook or wash dishes. But they often cost more money than fresh, unprepared foods and may contain man-made additives. Also they don’t taste as good as home-cooked foods. Health Foods w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m In the 1960s, a “back to-the –earth” movement was started by young people in the United States. The movement was a reaction against the harmful effects of technology. Many people now prefer natural and organic foods to the prepared foods sold in food stores. Diet foods These days Americans are more and more concerned with their weight. American supermarkets sell a variety of diet foods such as soft drinks, diet candy, and diet salad dressings. Each year dozens of new diets are popularized. However, some of the diet foods are unbelievable. There are tricks in their advertisements. Three popular foods in the United States Kinds of foods People who like the foods Convenience foods Those who Health foods Those who are against the (72) ___effects of technology. Diet foods Those who are more concerned their(73)___ with

are(71)______.Those who don’t like to cook or wash dishes

Advantages

Save(74)____and trouble

Be good for one’s health Unknown

Help

people

to

(75)____weight (80)____ all of the diet foods are

(76)_____

Cost more (77)____ May contain (78)-

____additives Not (79)___ as good as home-made foods

believable

第五部分:书面表达:
前不久,相关部门针对黄金周的去留问题,在网上征集意见。下面是一个对 10,000 个网民 所作的调查。请你把调查的结果用英语写成短文,并谈谈自己的看法(不得少于两点) ,发表

在学校的报刊上。w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m 观点 原因 假期集中,方便外出旅行,尽情放松;更多 赞成长假期(45%) 时间与家人在一起

容易造成交通堵塞,甚至交通事故;人流量 取消长假期(55%) 大,对景点保护不利;各项服务质量下降

注意:1.对所给要点,不要简单翻译,要有适当发挥。 2.字数 150 左右。短文中开头已写好,不计入词数。 3.参考词汇:网民--- netizen

参考答案: 单选:ABDDD CDDBD BCACD 完形:DCDBD BDACA DACDB ABDCD(07 年湖北卷) 阅读:ACA DADB BCB CADCB 任务性阅读: 71. busy 72. harmful 73. weight 74. time 75. lose 76. Disadvantages 77.money 78, man-made 79. taste 80. Not 书面表达: One possible version: w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m Not long ago, opinions were collected on line about whether “Golden Week” should be kept or adjusted. Ten thousand Netizens took part in this investigation. Forty percent of the surveyed people hope to have a long holiday since this provides them with adequate time for a trip and they can relax themselves completely. They also mention that with the long holiday, they have more fun stay with the family. However, 55%of the people say that during the long holiday, there are more traffic jams and even traffic accidents. What’s more, the crowded people gathering in some famous places have cause damage to the relics and led to poor service quality.

In my opinion,/As far as I am concerned , w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m


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