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高中英语语法--冠词


UNIT2 冠词
一、分类:不定冠词 a/an,定冠词 the,零冠词(不用冠词) a / an 的用法 1. 表示“某种类别当中的一个”“该类中的一例” , A cat is an animal.猫是一种动物。 He’s a Frenchman.他是个法国人。 2. 第一次提到某物 I looked up and saw a plane. 我抬头看见了一架飞机. 3. 用在称呼前,含有“我不认识..的感觉” . A Mr. Smith is waiting to see you. 一位史密斯先生正等着要见您。 4. 可以表示量度单位,"每.." . 40 km an/per hour 每小时 40 公里 twice a/per day 每天两次 5. 与可数名词连用位于 what, such 之后,表示感叹,或强调程度 What a surprise! 真是让人吃惊。 My boss is such a fool! 我的老板这么蠢。 6. 用在形容词最高级前,相当于 very。 This is a most useful dictionary.这是一本非常有用的字典。 go to see you.一位史密斯先生正等着要见您。 7. 用在序数词前面表示“再一次,又一次”。 Ten years after the death of her husband, she got married for a second time. 在她丈夫去世十年后,她再次结婚了。 8. 用在 many, quite, rather, such, twice, what 等词后面,构成短语。 It’s quite a problem. 这是一个相当难的问题。 I’ve never seen such an exciting football match before. 我以前从来没见过这么精彩的比赛。 9. 注意区分 a/ an:一般来说,an 用在元音前,a 用在非元音前。但注意下面的特殊例子。 a Europe (European, one-way street, union, university, useful tool, usual way…) an honest man an 80-metre-high-tower the 的用法 1. 基本用法:有明确的所指;可以与任何名词连用 Shut the door. 关门。 Where will the meeting be held? 在哪儿开会? 2. The + adj.表示一类人或事物 the British 英国人, the rich 富人, the young 年轻人, 3. 表示一天的各段时间 in the morning/ afternoon/ evening 4. 表示独一无二的自然现象,方位,左右 the earth 地球, the sun 太阳, the east 东, the west 西, the right 右, the left 左 5. 用在乐器之前,中国乐器名词前不与冠词连用:play erhu(二胡) My sister is learning the flute/ piano.我妹妹在学笛子/ 钢琴。 6. 用在逢十的复数数词之前,指世纪中几十年代 in the 1870’s 十九世纪七十年代 , 7. 用在姓氏的复数形式前,表示这一家人。 the Smiths 史密斯一家人 8. 用在某些习惯表达法中的介词短语中,指有关者的身体或衣着的一部分
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lead sb. by the hand 拉着某人的手, hit sb. in the face 打在某人的脸上, grasp sb. by the sleeve 抓住某人的袖子 9. 用在形容词最高级和序数词前面。 The first time I saw him was in 1990.我第一次见他是在 1990 年。 Could you tell me the shortest way to the station?你能告诉我去火车站最近的路吗? 10. 和表示数量的名词连用,表示“以..为单位” . Eggs are sold by the dozen. 鸡蛋按打来卖。 He is paid by the hour / the day/ week/ month.他按小时/天/周/月来付酬。 11. 与名词连用时,要注意与不定冠词的区别。 a / the most interesting…非常有趣的… / 最有趣的… a / the number of 许多 / …的数量 for a/ the moment 片刻,一会儿/ 暂时,目前 give sb. a / the push 推某人一下 / 解雇某人 零冠词-----以下情况不用冠词 以下情况不用冠词 零冠词 以下情况不用冠 1. 表示泛指或一般概念 Snow is white. 雪是白的。 比较:The snow in the yard is very thick.院子里的雪很厚。 2. 一日三餐、四季前不用冠词,三餐名词之前若加形容词时则除外: We have breakfast at eight. 我们 8 点钟吃早饭。 He gave us a good breakfast. 他请我们吃了一顿丰盛的早餐。 Have you had breakfast/ lunch/ dinner? 你吃早饭/午饭/晚饭了吗? 比较:The breakfast was well cooked. 这顿早饭做得好。 3. 球类,棋类之前不用冠词 Let’s go and play football.我们去踢足球吧。 How about having a game of chess, John? 约翰,咱们下盘棋好吗? 4. 称呼语及表示家庭成员(常大写)的名词之前不用冠词 Tom asked, “Where’s Father/ Mother/ Aunt?”汤姆问,“爸爸/妈妈/姑姑在哪儿?” 5. 月份、周日、节日前一般不加冠词 January 一月份 Sunday 星期日 Christmas Day 圣诞节 Thanksgiving 感恩节 National Day 国庆节 May Day 劳动节 注:民族节日前要加 the 如:the Spring Festival 6. 在表语,宾语补足语,同位语中,表示独一无二的职位或头衔前不用冠词 Who’s captain of your team? 谁是你们队长? He was elected monitor of our class.他被选为班长 George Bush, president of the United States… 美国总统布什… 7. 在表示学科的名词之前不用冠词 English, Chinese, mathematics… 8. 在独立结构中不用冠词 The hunter entered the forest, gun in hand.猎人手拿着枪,走进了森林。 Child as he is, he knows a lot about the history of China.他虽然是个孩子,却对中国历史了解很多。 9. 在某些习惯用语中不用冠词 go to school (college, hospital, class, church, bed…) by bike, (bus, train, car, boat, ship, plane, air…)
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at sunrise, (sunset, noon, night, midnight) 10. 泛指人类不加冠词 Man is mortal. 人必有一死。 11. 在"kind of+名词 sort of+名词"句式中不用冠词 What kind of flower is it? 这是什么花? I like this sort of book. 我喜欢这种书。 练习: 练习: 1. Alice is fond of playing ______ piano while Henry is interested in listening to ______ music. A. /, the B. /, / C. the, / D. the, the 2. Alexander Grander Bell invented ______ telephone in 1876. A. / B. a C. the D. one 3. ---Where’s Jack? --- I think he’s still in ______ bed, but he might just be in ______ bathroom. A. /, / B. the, the C. the, / D. /, the 4. She is ______ newcomer to ______ chemistry, but she has already made some important discoveries. A. the, the B. the, / C. a, / D. a, the 5. Wouldn’t it be ______ wonderful world if all nations lived in ______ peace with one another? A. a, / B. the, / C. a, the D. the, the 6. ______coffee that we drank just now was given to us by ______ Jacksons. A. /, / B. The, / C. /, the D. The, the 7. I remember he lives in ______ south, so we shouldn’t be walking ______ south. A. /, / B. /, the C. the, / D. the, the 8. They spent ______ getting the problem settled. A. so a long time B. quite a long time C. quite long a time D. such long a time 9. ______People’s Republic of China has opened its door to ______ rest of ______ world. A. The, /, the B. /, the, the C. The, the, the D. /, /, the 10. Your shoes and mine are ______. A. of size B. in a size C. same big D. of a size 11. Many people agree that ___knowledge of English is a must in _____international trade. A. a; 不填; B. the; an C. the; the D. 不填; the (NMET1996) 12. — Have you seen_____ pen? I left it here this morning. —Is it ____ black one? I think I saw it somewhere. (NMET1997) A. a; the B. the; the C. a; a; D. the; a 13. Paper money was in ____use in China when Marco Polo visited the country in _____thirteenth century. (NMET1999) A. the; 不填; B. the; the C. 不填; the D. 不填; 不填 14. Most animals have little connection with ____animals of ___different kind unless they kill them for food. (NMET2000) A. the; a B. 不填; a C. the; the D. 不填; the 15. Summers in______ south of France are for _____most part dry and sunny. (2000 春季) A. /; a B. the; / C. /,/ D. the; the 16. The warmth of ___sweater will of course be determined by the sort of ____wool used. A. the; the B. the; 不填; C. 不填; the D. 不填; 不填 (NMET2001)
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17. Mr Smith, there's a man at____ front door who says he has____ news for you of great importance. (2001 春季) A. the; 不填 B. the; the C.不填;不填 D.不填;the 18. I don’t like talking on telephone; I prefer writing letters. A. a; the B. the; 不填 C. the; the D. a; 不填 (2002 春季) 19. One way to understand thousands of new words is to gain __________ good knowledge of basic word formation. A. / B. the C. a D. one (2002 上海) 20. I earn 10 dollars ____ hour as ____ supermarket cashier on Saturdays.(2003 上海) A. a an B the a C. an a D. an the 21. — Where is my blue shirt? —It's in the washing machine. You have to wear ___ different one. (2003 安徽) A. any B. the C. a D. other 22. There's ____dictionary on____ desk by your side. (2003 春季) A. a, the B. a; a C. the; a D. the; the 23. Jumping out of ____airplane at ten thousand feet is quite ____experience.(NMET 2002) A. 不填; the B. 不填;; an C. an; an D. the; the 24. The sign reads “in case of ____fire, break the glass and press _____red button.” A. 不填; a B. 不填; the C. the; the D. a; a (NMET2003) 25. —Who did you spend last weekend with? —_____. (1998 上海) A. Palmer’s B. The Palmers’ C. The Palmers D. The Palmer’s 26. The most important thing about cotton in history is ___part that it played in ___Industrial Revolution. (2004 重庆) A. 不填; 不填 B. the; 不填; C. the; the D. a; the 27. When you come here for your holiday next time, don' t go to _______ hotel; I can find you _______ bed in my flat. (NMET2004) A. the; a B. the; 不填 C. a; the D. a; 不填 28. —John, there is ______ Mr. Wilson on the phone for you. (NMET2004) —I'm in ______ bath. A. a; the B. the; a C. a; 不填 D. the; 不填 29. The Wilsons live in ____ A-shaped house near the coast. It is ____ 17th century cottage. A. the , / B. an, the C. /, the D. an, a (2004 浙江) 30. On_____ news today, there were _____ reports of heavy snow in that area. A. the; the B. the; 不填 C. 不填; 不填 D. 不填; the (2004 北京春) 31. When he left _____college, he got a job as ____reporter in a newspaper office. A. 不填; a B. 不填; the C. a; the D. the; the (2004 天津) 32. It’s _____ world of wonders, ______ world where anything can happen.( 2004 福建) A. a; the B. a; a C. the; a D. 不填; 不填 33. For a long time they walked without saying ____ word. Jim was the first to break____ silence. A. the; a B. a; the C. a; 不填 D. the; 不填 (2004 湖南) 34. When you finish the book you’ll have______ better understanding of _____life. A. a; the B. the; a C. 不填; the D. a; 不填 (2004 辽宁) 35. Tom owns _____larger collection of ____ books than any other student in our class. A. the; 不填 B. a; 不填 C. a; the D. 不填; the (2004 江苏) 36. While he was investigating ways to improve the telescope, Newton made ______ discovery which
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37.

38. 39. 40. 41.

42.

43.

44. 45.

46.

completely changed ______ man’s understanding of colour. (2004 广东) A. a…不填 B. a…the C. 不填…the D. the…a If you go by _________ train, you can have quite a comfortable journey, but make sure you get __________ fast one. (NMET2005-3) A. the; the B. 不填;a C. the; a D. 不填;不填 I can’t remember when exactly the Robinsons left ___city. I only remember it was ____Monday. A. the; the B. a; the C. a; a D. the; a (2005 湖南) After dinner he gave Mr. Richardson ride to Capital Airport. (2005 安徽) A. the; a B. a; the C. 不填; a D.不填; the It is often said that ______ teachers have ______ very easy life. (北京 2005) A. 不填;不填 B. 不填;a C. the ;不填 D. the;a recent report stated that the number of Spanish speakers in the U.S. would be higher than the number of English speakers by year 2090. (2005 北京春季) A. A; the B. A;不填 C. The;不填 D. The; a On May 5, 2005, at______ World Table Tennis Championship, Kong Linghui and Wang Hao won the gold medal in men's doubles with ________ score of 4: 1. (2005 江苏) A. a; a B. 不填; the C. a; 不填 D. the; a This book tells ________ life story of John Smith, who left ______ school and worked for a newspaper at the age of 16. (2005 辽宁) A.the; the B.a; the C.the; 不填 D.a; 不填 I know ______ John Lennon, but not ______ famous one. (2005 山东) A. /; a B. a; the C. /; the D. the; a If you grow up in ______ large family, you are more likely to develop ______ ability to get on well with ________others. (2005 江西) A./; an; the B.a; the; / C.the; an; the D.a; the; the Mrs. Taylor has _________ 8-year-old daughter who has _________ gift for painting—she has won two national prizes. (2005 浙江) A.a; a B.an; the C.an; a D.the; a

第一单元生词: gulf passer-by crisis motto proof buffalo poultry

solo giraffe analysis

runner-up barracks formula motto bamboo spectacles scissors

go-between bison bureau memo kangaroo compasses assets louse goose cargo grotto faculty occupation

phenomenon halo reindeer glassware

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