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英语:Unit8《Adventure》lesson4 Journey to the Antarctic课件(北师大版必修3)


Unit8 lesson4 Journey to the Antarctic

Warm up
Let’s enjoy the wonderful Antarctic

the clever penguins

the cute seals

What do people do in

the wonderful Antarctic?

sailing

Setting station for researching

Japanese catch and kill the whales there

Pre-reading

1.Can all of us go to the Antarctic? 2.Who is the first person to go to the South Pole?

Vocabulary
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Norwegian n. 挪威人 preparation n. 准备,预备 sledge n. 雪橇,雪车 shock n. 震惊,惊骇 goal n. 目的,目标 ambition n. 志向,抱负 exhausted a. 疲惫的 hopeless a. 没有希望的

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cheerful a. 愉快的,高兴的 distant a. 远处的,久远的 within prep. 在。。。里面, 在。。。内部 sadness n. 悲哀,忧伤 function n. 运转,起作用 patience n. 耐心,忍耐力 nationality n. 国籍 aim n. 目标,目的

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one’s way 在途中 ? break down 损坏,不能运转 ? run out of 用完,耗尽 ? carry on 继续做某事

Reading Strategies: Dealing With Difficult Words
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Read the sentence the word is in and decide what kind of word it is. 找出词语所在的句子,并判断词语的词性. Read the paragraph the word is in and try to work out the meaning from the context. 阅读词语所在的段落,并从上下文猜出词语的 词义。

Reading Strategies: Dealing With Difficult Words
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Check the context to see if the meaning fits. 从文章判断词义是否符合上下文意思。

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Now use a dictionary to check the exact meaning of the word. 查字典看看词的准确含义。

Task 1 Fast reading
Read the text quickly and find the answers to these questions. 1. Which Pole did they race to?

The South Pole.
2. When did they go? 1910—1911. 3. Who reached the Pole first? Amundsen.

Read the text carefully. Are these statements true or false?
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Scott and Amundsen started their journeys in the polar spring. T Scott’s use of sledges and horses was a success. F Amundsen traveled more quickly than Scott. T When they got to the Pole, Scott’s team had a celebration. F Captain Oates went for a walk and died in a snow storm. T Scott’s latest letter was to his wife. T

Discussion
1. Why

did Amundsen succeed and Scott fail?

Because they used dogs to pull the sledges and

themselves on the skis.So they made a rapid
progress.While Scott and his men need to push

the sledges by themselves.

3. Why did Scott and his men become heroes?

They became heroes because although they died on the return journey, they showed extraordinary courage all the time.

4. How did you feel after you read the story?

Read and find the following expressions
Para 1- Para 3 ? 收到…的短信 receive a message from… ? 向…进发的竞赛开始了 the race to … is on ? 食物储备 food bases ? 为…做准备 in preparation for… ? 极地冬夜 polar winter ? 第一个做… the first to … ? 拉雪橇 pull the sledges ? 前进速度很快 make rapid progress ? 遇到…的麻烦 have serious difficulties with..

Para 4- Para 5
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准备回程 prepare for the return journey 感到震惊 be shocked 雄伟目标 goal of ambition 探险史 history of exploration 很快就筋疲力尽 be soon exhausted 食物短缺 run out of food 天气状况 weather conditions 绝望境地 hopeless situation 感到愉快 be cheerful

Para 6
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在返程途中 一路带回了… 证实 在遥远的过去 曾经一度… 接下来 行走艰难 走向死亡 …的举动 希望做…

on one’s way back carry…all the way with s.b. prove that… in the distant past at one time the next to … have great difficulty walking walk to one’s death it is the act of… hope to …

Para 7 – Para 8 ? 继续向前 carry on ? 用最后的时间做… spend some of one’s last hours doing… ? 充满悲伤的信 a letter full of sadness ? 付出了多大的代价啊!What a price to pay! ? 震惊了世界 shock the world ? 输掉了向南极进发的比赛 fail to win the race to the Pole ? 使…成为英雄 make…into heroes

Find these words in the text and decide what kind of words they are
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sledge break down run out of ambition

Noun Adjective

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hopeless cheerful
distant carry on within shocked

Phrasal Verbs Prep

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sledge 4 1.stop functioning break down 1 2.without hope run out of 103.inside ambition 4.equipment used for moving 9 hopeless on snow 2 cheerful 5.continue 7 distant 6.extremely surprised 8 carry on 7.happy 5 within 8.far away shocked3 9.something you want to 6 achieve 10.having nothing left

Match the meanings !

Vocabulary: Word Building
Complete the sentences. Make nouns or adjectives from the words in brackets. 1.They had done so much preparation ______ (prepare) that the actual task was easy for them. 2.Without food, water, or a map, their situation was ______ hopeless(hope). cheerful 3.Even with all her problems, she is still ______ (cheer) every day.
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Vocabulary: Word Building
He wanted to get away from everything so he moved to a _______ distant (distance) land. sadness (sad) at the ? Everyone experienced _______ terrible news. ? All the exams have different levels of difficulty _______ (difficult).
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Word Building
Adjective Verb Noun Adverb

explore
pole
organisation

explored polar

explore exploration

patience preparation ambition courage success

organised organise organisation patiently patient prepare preparation prepared ambitious courageous

ambitiously courageously

successful succeed

success successfully

Language points

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1.on one’s way 在途中 On his way,he received a message from…(P28)在 途中,他收到了了来自……的信息。 On the way home,Liu Xiang felt excited to see his families.在回家的途中,刘翔要见到家人感到非常 兴奋。 【拓展】on one’s way home在回家的途中 on one’s way to do sth在做某事的路上 on one’s way to doing sth即将成为 on one’s way here/there在来这里/去那里的路上

2. in preparation for 在为……做准备 During the polar summer of 1910-1911,both teams organized food bases in preparations for the journeys the next year.(P28)在1910到1911 年的极地夏天,两队组织了食品基地为下一年 的旅程做准备。 in preparation for = get ready for sth. 为……作准备

The athletes are in preparations for the 2012 Olympics to be held in London in 2012.运动员 们正在为在2012年在伦敦举行的奥运会做准备。

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【拓展】prepare v. 准备 prepare for make preparations for

为……做准备 为……做准备

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in preparation

在准备中

The book is still in preparation. 书仍在编写中

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【即学即练】完成句子 他磨快了刀准备切肉。 He sharpened his knife in preparation for carving the meat. 2.我们为旅行作准备。 We the trip.

made preparations for

2. Because of this, he made rapid progress. progress n. moving forward 前进

make progress in/with sth.
progress n. getting better 进步;进展 He made no progress in learning to write. 他在学习写作方面没有进步。 Are you making any progress with your study? Have you made rapid progress since you entered school? 进学校以来你进步快吗?

3.break down

出故障,抛锚;(身体、精神)垮掉,(关

系或讨论)破裂,中止,停顿;分解;砸破,打倒 First,his two sledges broke down,and then the horses began to have serious difficulties with the snow and the cold.(P28)首 先,他的两个雪橇坏了,后来马匹开始遭遇雪和寒冷。 They feared that he would burn himself out of break down.他

们担心他会耗尽体力,或者把身体搞垮。
But shakes does not break down our Chinese heart.但震不垮

我们的中国心。

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【真题在线】 —How about your journey to Mount Emei? —Everything was wonderful except that our car _________ twice on the way.【2009四川,8】 A. slowed down B. broke down C. got down D. put down

【解析】考查动词短语的区别,答语的意思是: 一切都进展顺利除了我们的汽车在途中抛锚了 两次外。break down抛锚;slow down 慢下来; get down记下,写下;put down 扑灭。所以 该题的答案为B.

4.have difficulties with sth 某事有困难
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The next to go was Captain Oates, who was having great difficulty walking.(P26)接下来离开的是奥茨 上校,他走路很困难。 They had great difficulties with their English.他们学 英语很吃力。 【拓展】 have a lot of/much/little/no difficulty/problem/trouble/fun with sth.某人在某事上 很费劲/不费劲/很快乐 have a lot of/much/little/no difficulty/problem/trouble/fun (in) doing sth. 某人做某事很费劲/不费劲/很快乐

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There be a lot of/much/little/no difficulty/problem/trouble/fun (in) doing=with sth.(做)某事很费劲/不费劲/很快乐 【即学即练】 Do you have any difficulty English? 【2012长春高一检测】 A.to learn B.in learning C. learn D.when learn

【解析】选B。句意:你学英语有困难吗?根 据句型have difficulty in v-ing做某事有困难。

5.shock vt. 震惊,惊骇n. 打击;震惊,震动;休克
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They were shocked when they saw the Norwegian flag.(P28) 当他们看到挪威国旗他们感到震惊。 We were shocked to hear that Liu Xiang won the second.听到刘翔获得亚军,我们非常震惊。 【拓展】shocked adj. 感到吃惊的,感到惊讶的 shocking adj. 令人气愤的,令人憎恶的 be shocked at/by (doing) sth. 被震惊 be shocked to do sth. 惧怕做某事 (be) a shock to sb. 对某人来说是一个打击 culture shock 文化冲击

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The town is so beautiful that it is hard to believe it was once _____ violently by European invaders.【2012长春高一检测】 A. attacked B. survived C. shocked D. organized
【解析】选A。句意:城市是如此美丽,这是 很难相信它曾经遭受欧洲侵略者猛烈攻击。 attack袭击;survive生存下去;shock震惊; organize组织。

5.The men were soon exhausted and were running out of
food.(P28)这些人很快就精疲力竭,耗尽了食物。 1)be exhausted (by/with /from) (因??而)疲惫的,筋疲 力竭的 We were exhausted by the climb up to the hill. 我们因爬上那座小山而筋疲力竭。

We were (felt) quite exhausted with the toil.
我们因那件辛苦的工作而感到十分疲惫。

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【拓展】exhausting adj 令人筋疲力尽的 exhaust v. 使……筋疲力尽 可以派生出类似形容词的及物动词有:bore, exhaust, amaze, confuse, shock, surprise, interest, excite, disappoint, astonish, worry, please, satisfy, frighten, terrify等。 I have never spent a more worrying day. 我从未有过比这更令人担心的一天。

2)run out of= use up

用完, 耗尽

The petrol is running out./We are running out of the petrol. 汽油快用光了。 Our time is running out./We are running out of time. 我们剩下的时间不多了。 【拓展】 use up sb.runs out of sth. 用完 某人用光某物

sth.is run out of

某物被用光

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sth.is running out某物快用光了 sb.uses up sth.某人用光某物 sth.is used up某物被用光 sb.runs short of sth.某人用光某物 sth.runs short某物用完了 sb./sth.gives out某人精疲力尽/某物用完

【即学即练】
—Have we________food? —Yes,________.We’d better buy some. A.run out of;we have run it out B.run out of;our food has run out C.run out of;our food has been run out D.run out;our food has run out

【解析】选B。本题考查“用完”的表达方式。 第一空应用run out of,相当于及物动词,后跟 宾语。第二空为our food has run out或our food has been run out of;故答案为B。

6. at one time 有一段时期(一次,曾经)

Later,these rocks proved that at one time in the distant past the Antarctic was covered by plants.(P28)后来,这些 石块证明在遥远的过去南极曾被植物覆盖。 一次,逐一,每次 at a time
at the time at all times at times 当时,在那时 随时,总是 有时,间或
time的 词组真 不少!

at other times
at no time in no time

在其他时候
决不,在任何时候都不 立刻,马上

7. carry on with sth./doing sth.=carry sth. on 继续 Scott and two of his team members carried on and got within eleven miles of one of their food bases.(P28)斯科特和他的团 队成员的两位继续,并得到了十一英里范围内的他们食物基

地中的一个。
After his death, his children will certainly carry on his career.

他死后,他的孩子们当然会继承他的事业。

【拓展】
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carry on doing /with sth.继续做某事 carry around随身带,携带 carry out实行,执行;完成 carry away带走,使失去自控力 carry (sb./sth.) through使渡过难关;完成, 实现 carry off赢得;获得

【即学即练】
用carry的相关短语填空
(1)We were________ the music. carried________by away
carry on (2)They decided to________ ________in spite of the weather.

(3)The attack was________ ________by a group of 15 rebels. around/about carried the bags______ (4)I________ __to the car.

carried out

8. fail vi. 失败 He had failed to win the race to the Pole, ...(P28)他没有 赢得去极地的比赛。 He did very well, but failed to break the record. 他做得很出色,但未破记录。 His friends failed him when he needed their help most. 当他最需要帮助的时候,他的朋友们却辜负了他。

【拓展】
fail to do sth fail in sth failure n 未能做某事 未能及格 失败

Failure is the mother of success.

6. But the extraordinary courage shown by Captain Scott and his men made them into heroes.

show courage 表现勇气/胆识
He showed great courage in the battle. 他在战斗中表现得十分勇敢。

Trevor showed great courage when he saved the child from the
burning house. 特雷弗在烈火中把孩子从屋里抢救出来时表现得非常英勇。 lose courage 失去勇气 recover (=regain) courage 恢复勇气

summon up courage 一鼓作气

Homework
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According to your group discussion just now,write an article titled “the Spirit of Explorer”.

A friend in need is a friend indeed.

患难见真交。


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