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Active reading 1: Resources

Difficult sentences Words to note Language in use Information related Preview

Active reading 1: Resources

Words to note
New

Words

Phrases

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

kaleidoscope flaunt drone barren tag draft

1. marvel at 2. come into one’s own

Active reading 1: Resources

kaleidoscope
n. a toy that shows changing patterns As a metaphor, it means a view, situation or experience that keeps changing and has many different aspects.
Work in pairs. Translate the following into Chinese.

? a) the kaleidoscope of the ages ? b) a kaleidoscope of colour and pattern ? c) the kaleidoscope of life ? d) the kaleidoscope of illusions

1. 时代的万花筒 2. 颜色和图案的千 变万化

3. 人生万花筒
4. 瞬息万变的幻觉

Active reading 1: Resources

flaunt
n. to deliberately try to make people notice something, eg your possessions, beauty, abilities etc, because you want them to admire you Work in pairs. Translate the following into Chinese.

a) If you’ve got it, flaunt it. 1. 有什么能耐施展出来 瞧瞧 b) Buy expensive services and products 2. 购买昂贵的服务和商 品以炫耀自己的财富。 in order to flaunt your wealth. 3. 那位没有教养的妇人 c) The ill-bred woman 当众炫耀她的财富。 flaunted her riches in public.

Active reading 1: Resources

drone v.&n.

to make a continuous low sound

Work in pairs. Match the sentences/phrases with the meanings.

Active reading 1: Resources

barren
a. without any interesting or positive features, dry and empty

a) barren or marginal farmland b) writing of barren insight c) the barren, inhospitable desert

1. 荒芜或边远的农 田 2. 缺乏洞察力的作 品 3. 那片贫瘠的、荒 凉的沙漠

Active reading 1: Resources

tag
? ? vt. to touch another player in some children’s games n. to fix a small piece of paper or other material to something to give information about it

Carol tagged Carl in the hide-and-seek. a price tag luggage tag All her suitcases have been tagged with her name and address.

Active reading 1: Resources

draft
? ? vt. (often passive, AmE) to conscribe someone into the army forces 征召(某人)入伍 vt. to write sth such as a legal document, speech, or letter that may have changes made to it before it is finished 起草, 草拟(法律文件、演讲或信件)

n. sth such as a plan, letter, or drawing that may have changes made to it before it is finished (计划、信件或绘画等的)草稿, 草案 n. a system in which professional teams in some sports choose players each year from among college students 运动员选拔制(某些职业运动队每年 在大学生中选拔新队员)
More

Active reading 1: Resources

draft
NBA选秀 ? NBA draft ? To help her father and brother, Mulan was 为帮助父兄,木兰被应征入伍。 drafted. That is my first draft of the dissertation. 那是我学位论文的初稿。

a draft resolution 决议草案 They are drafting a new constitution for the country. 他们正在为国家起草一部新宪法。

Active reading 1: Resources

marvel at
find sth surprising and fascinating
? Work in pairs. Translate the following into Chinese. ? People marvel at the accuracy with which we have been able to diagnose their handwriting. 人们对我们能准确判断出他的笔迹而赞叹不已。 我们惊叹他们取得的巨大成就。 ?We marvel at their tremendous achievements.

Active reading 1: Resources

come into one’s own
- to show how effective and useful one can be -to take possession of what is rightfully one's own property ? explain the meaning of the following sentences. ? Michael wrote successful novels before, but he really come into his own with the latest one. ? 他从前写过一些成功的小说,但在最近的一部中他才真正充 分发挥了自己的特长 ? The shop owners at last came into their own. ? 店主们最终拥有了属于他们的店铺。 ? The scientific study of dreams has not yet come into its own. ? 对梦的科学研究尚未获得承认。

Active reading 1: Resources

Language in use
?Useful expressions

? Collocations

Active reading 1: Resources

Useful expressions
1. 最佳民防图标设计 1. 2. 那些精彩纷呈的日 2. 子
the best Civil Defense signs the changing colors of those days 3. 历历在目 3. clear and definite 4. the darkening water 4. 黑幽幽的海水 5. 夕阳将粉色的余晖 5. The sunset flaunted its pink flag above 洒在 6. the sound of waves was lost in 6. 浪涛的声音淹没在 7. the shooting stars 7. 流星 More 8. the days of my

Active reading 1: Resources

Useful expressions
9. in the vague twilight 10.drift off to sleep 11.awake with a sudden shock 11. 在一阵惊吓中醒来 12.the nightly adventures 12. 每夜的太空冒险 13.with one’s cape whistling in 13. 肩披随风飕飕作响的斗篷 the wind 14.in the magic whirling of his 14. 当他的斗篷神奇地旋转时 cape 15. 上百只海鸥的振翅声 15.the wings of a hundred seagulls More 16.the motors of a thousand 16. 上千架飞机的马达轰鸣声
9. 在昏暗的暮色中 10. 慢慢进入梦乡

Active reading 1: Resources

Useful expressions
17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 超人的崇拜者 17. the worshipper of Superman 有点书呆子气的男孩 18. a bookish boy 飞行的纯粹的诗意 光秃秃的铺着碎石的操场 19. the sheer poetry of flight

22. 23. 24. 25.

20. the barren gravel playground 意外抓捕和快速解救的 21. surprise captures and sudden 游戏 rescues 一种虚幻的优越感 22. a sense of windy superiority 胆小怕事的孩子 23. mama’s boy 教谢尔登怎么扮演他的 24. prompt Sheldon in his part 角色 25. bear an extraordinary 和隐姓埋名的超人长得特 resemblance to Superman 别像 incognito

Active reading 1: Resources

Collocations
? Nouns which often go before: blaze eyes / fire / headlights / sun / wood tumble hair / prices

Words which often go after: tumble down / over / backwards

More

Active reading 1: Resources

Collocations
? Complete the sentences with the correct form of suitable expressions from the collocation box. Sometimes more than one collocation is possible.

blazed fires ? 1 The Australian bush ______

___________for several days before they were brought under control. ? 2 As a child Ruth’s long dark ______ hair tumbled down her back. ________
More

Active reading 1: Resources

Collocations
? Complete the sentences with the correct form of suitable expressions from the collocation box. Sometimes more than one collocation is possible.
sun

? 3 blazing It was extremely hot and the _____ was __________. prices tumble ? 4 I’m watching the financial markets – I think the ________ of stocks will _________ quite soon.

Active reading 1: Navigation

Text organisation
Prize winner
Pre-Superman memories Flying dreams A landscape by Dali Nightly Adventures in space

Brown’s snowsuit

More

Active reading 1: Navigation

Text organisation
Superman memories Where Superman games

Uncle Frank Superman incognito

alcove by the parking lot

When

Who
the author Davie Stirling Sheldon Fein

Seldon’s tortures

during recess

Active reading 1: Navigation

Understanding the text
? Choose the best summary of the passage. ? Sylvia Plath wrote about her real and imaginary life as a child.

Active reading 1: Navigation

Interpreting
? Imagery—the use of words and phrases in literature to create an image of something.
?

?

Sylvia Plath’s creative use of imagery by
words and ideas in unusual and unexpected ways the connotational meaning of words to create striking and memorable images, and shows the writer’s unique gifts for poetry and for more literary prose

?

? ?
?

e.g. my technicolor dreams; his cape whistling in the wind
words are combined in expected ways.

? The opposite of imagery—collocation, in which
?
More

Active reading 1: Navigation

Interpreting
?Word combinations ?Sentences

Active reading 1: Navigation

Word combinations
? Look at the word combinations from the passage and explain the images they create. 1 the darkening water 2 the perpetual droning 3 the vague twilight 4 the sheer poetry of flight 5 a sense of windy superiority 6 the broken insect

? ? ? ? ? ?

Active reading 1: Navigation

Word combinations
? ? ? 1 the darkening water
– The water looks darker in the sunset because there is less daylight.

2 the perpetual droning
– The planes landing and taking off at Logan Airport made a continuous low sound.

3 the vague twilight
– The twilight is vague because objects cannot be seen very clearly at this moment between day and night.
Back

Active reading 1: Navigation

Word combinations
? 4 the sheer poetry of flight The writer thinks of flight as exciting, innovative movement which gives a different view of the world, as poetry does through words. She also feels that
Back

Active reading 1: Navigation

Word combinations
? 5 a sense of windy superiority The writer and David feel superior because they play imaginative games which the other children don’t (or can’t) play. This feeling is windy because wind can give people a sense of excitement and difference.

6 the broken insects Sheldon pulled the wings and legs off the insects so they were not whole
Back

Active reading 1: Navigation

Sentences
? Work in pairs and Look at the sentences from the passage and answer the questions in Activity 10, P21.
Sentence 1 Sentence 2 Sentence 3 Sentence 4 Sentence 5 Sentence 6 Sentence 7

? ? ? ? ?

Active reading 1: Navigation

Sentence 1
? ... I can recall the changing colors of those days, clear and definite as a pattern seen through a kaleidoscope. What sense (sound, sight, taste etc) is the writer describing? What are the key words in this sentence? ? The sight in which colors and perhaps shapes change rapidly, like looking through a kaleidoscope. ? The key words: ―changing colors‖, ―clear‖, ―definite‖, and ―pattern‖, and the comparison with a ―kaleidoscope‖.
Back

Active reading 1: Navigation

Sentence 2
? … and the sound of waves was lost in the perpetual droning of the planes. What sense is the writer describing here? What do planes do on a runway?

? The writer is describing the sounds of the planes as they land on and take off from the runway.

Back

Active reading 1: Navigation

Sentence 3
? … a breathless sense of having tumbled like Icarus from the sky and caught myself on the soft bed just in time. What does the writer feel as she comes out of her dream? What happened to Icarus?

? She feels she has been falling out of the sky, like Icarus. But, unlike him, she caught herself on the bed to save herself, while Icarus fell and died in the sea.
Back

Active reading 1: Navigation

Sentence 4
? Out by the parking lot David and I found the perfect alcove for our Superman dramas. Do they play alone or with other children? Where is this likely to be – a place where lots of people go? ? They play alone away from the other children in a place where few people go at recess time. ? The alcove by the back entrance would be used only at the beginning and end of the school day.
Back

Active reading 1: Navigation

Sentence 5
? Our Superman games made us outlaws, yet gave us a sense of windy superiority. Why do you think they’re outlaws? Are they similar to or different from the other children? ? They are different from the other children and they do not join the others for playground games, so they think of themselves as outlaws.
Back

Active reading 1: Navigation

Sentence 6
? After school we left him to his mamma and his bonbons and his helpless insects. So how does Sheldon’s behaviour while he plays with the writer contrast with his behaviour after they finish playing?

? Sheldon joined them as a villain. After being prompted, he could invent tortures in the games, as a villain might. However, after the games were over he went back to his mother’s sweets and he continued the torture outside the games by pulling off the legs and wings
Back

Active reading 1: Navigation

Sentence 7
? … he admitted that Uncle Frank was the strongest man he had ever known, and could do lots of tricks like making caramels disappear under napkins and walking on his hands. How is Uncle Frank compared with Superman in real life? ? Uncle Frank was very strong and he could do magic tricks and gymnastics, like walking on his hands. ? To the writer, Uncle Frank was as powerful as Superman.
Back

Active reading 1: Navigation

Comments
? Read Activity 6, P20 and finish the comments of Active reading (1). prompted ? Plath never needed to be (1) ___________ to talk about her definite childhood memories. They were very (2) ________ and still real to her as an whirl adult. She imagined she could fly and (3) _____ through the air like Superman.

More

Active reading 1: Navigation

Comments
? Read Activity 6, P20 and finish the comments of Active reading (1). ? Coming from the highways around perpetual Boston was the (4) ___________ sound of traffic. In the distance a plane was taking off, its lights (5)_________ giggling into the night sky. She remembered the sound of (6) __________ which came tumbled from the group of girls. Sadly in her later life it seemed as if Superman had (7) __________ to earth.

Active reading 1: Navigation

Work in groups. Discuss the questions, each group one question only. 1. As with a child, which dreams, sights,

Critical thinking

sounds and feelings did you share with Sylvia Plath? Do you still have 2.them Do you think Sylvia Plath imagined now? 3. she Who in the passage do you think is was a Super-man herself? the most important real-life person to her can you add to her description of 4. them? Do you thinkdid Sylvia Plath had a like? What they really look happy childhhood?How different do think her adultevents life was? 5.you What importance in childhood can affect people when they’re old?

Active reading 1: Navigation

Critical thinking
? 1 As a child, which dreams, sights, sounds and feelings did you share with Sylvia Plath? Do you still have them now? ? I also had dreams about flying. I dreamed I was a bird, not Superman, though. ? I also remember pink sunsets which were similar to her description. However, we didn’t have the droning sounds of planes.
Back

Active reading 1: Navigation

Critical thinking
? 2 Do you think Sylvia Plath imagined she was a Superman herself? ? Not when she was a child because superman was teaching her and he looked like her uncle. ? But in a different way she was a Superman when she wrote poems later. Because she became a different person who could do super things with words.
Back

Active reading 1: Navigation

Critical thinking
? 3 Who in the passage do you think is the most important real-life person to her? Can you add to her description of them? What did they really look like? ? Probably her Uncle Frank – she admires him and thinks he’s like Superman – he is strong and can do magic tricks and gymnastics. ? Maybe David – David shares her love for the sheer poetry of flight and listens to the Superman serial on the radio with her in the evenings. Especially,
Back

Active reading 1: Navigation

Critical thinking
? 4 Do you think Sylvia Plath had a happy childhood? How different do you think her adult life was? ? She seems to be lonely but imaginative when she was young – only one friend David, a pale and bookish boy. But generally, she enjoyed her childhood. ? Her adult life seems, also lonely and, as a poet, imaginative. She apparently got depressed from time to time and although her marriage was very productive and creative for five years, it
Back

Active reading 1: Navigation

Critical thinking
? 5 What important events in childhood can affect people when they’re older? ? Many significant family events in childhood can. changing school
moving house unemployment example of parents s your family suddenly becomes rich or poor
More

divorce death poor health

Active reading 1: Navigation

Critical thinking
5 What important events in childhood can affect people when they’re older?
war famine epidemics

financial critical changes events like depression, financial crash accidents like car crash, ship wreck
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disasters like earthquake, landslide


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