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【复习方略】2014版高考英语(外研版通用)课时作业:(三十六) 选修6 Module 6 War and Peace]


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课时提升作业(三十六)
Ⅰ. 单项填空 1. (2013· 资阳模拟)The she was _______ at the news. A. shocked; shocking C. shocking; shocked B. shocking; shocking D. shocked; shocked in housework that she hasn’t expression on the mother’s face told us that

2. (2013· 绍兴模拟)Jane has been so had time for social activities. A. confused C. devoted 3. (2013· 聊城模拟)

B. worried D. occupied , there were so many differences about the

word between what the teacher said and the dictionary. A. To my astonishment C. To my joy 4. A. Except C. Although B. In my opinion D. In short

his great wealth, he always remains a man of simple tastes. B. Despite D. Besides into great

5. (2013· 温州模拟)—But for your timely warning, we trouble.

—You know we’re friends. A. would get C. would have got B. must have got D. couldn’t have got

6. There was such a long queue for coffee at the interval that we gave up. A. eventually C. generously 7. (2013· 赣州模拟)Mr. White B. unfortunately D. purposefully some knowledge of growing plants

just by watching the gardeners working on them. A. picked up C. worked out B. set up D. turned out

8. (2013· 厦门模拟)I didn’t know anybody at the party, but the hostess me from being embarrassed by introducing me to some people. A. helped C. rescued B. resisted D. refused by the riverside.

9. (2013· 海林模拟)The broken bike was found A. abandoning C. to be abandoned B. abandoned

D. being abandoned

10. (2013·青岛模拟 )He spoke on the spur of the moment, without things first. A. thinking up C. thinking aloud B. thinking of D. thinking out

11. Some students are condemned A. to fail B. failing

in their exams. C. failed D. fail

12. In September 1939, Britain Poland. A. was at war with C. went to war

Germany after Germany invaded

B. declared war on D. won the war he could

13. He was told that it would be at least three months recover and return to work. A. when B. before C. since D. that

14. I can judge that they A. skimmed C. overlooked 15.

the enormous risks involved. B. observed D. glanced

for the temptation to become a lucky customer, I would not

have bought so many things I didn’t need. A. If it is not C. Had it not been Ⅱ. 完形填空 Two jewel merchants arrived at a hotel in a desert at about the same time one night. Each was quite unloading their 1 of the other’s presence, and while 3 to let a large B. Were it not D. If they were not

2 , one of them could not resist the

pearl fall to the ground as if by accident. It rolled in the direction of the other who, with unnatural politeness, picked it up and 4 it to its owner,

saying “That is a fine pearl you have there, sir. As large and comes. ” “How

5 as it

6 of you to say so, ”said the other. “As a matter of fact, that

is one of the 7 gems in my collection. ” Another man who was sitting by the fire and had rose and invited the two of them to meal, this was the story he told them: “I, too, my friends, was once upon a time, a was caught in a great storm in the desert. It 10 like you. One day I 11 me and my other 12 8 this drama,

9 with him. When they began their

friends this way and that till I was separated from my staff and lost my completely. Days passed and I was

13 to realize that I was really wandering 15 to walk in.

about in 14 with no sense of where I was or which Then, almost dead with

16 , I unloaded every bag on my camel’s back,

17 searching through them for the hundredth time. Imagine my my 19 18 when I came upon a small bag that had escaped 20 to find

before. With trembling fingers I tore it open

something to eat. Imagine my disappointment when I found that all it contained was pearls!”(294W) 1. A. afraid 2. A. donkeys 3. A. effort B. conscious B. elephants C. curious C. horses B. pressure D. proud D. camels

C. temptation 4. A. returned C. presented 5. A. rough 6. A. smart 7. A. uglier 8. A. observed C. directed 9. A. chat 10. A. bargainer C. traveler 11. A. pulled 12. A. way B. showed B. friend B. eat B. shiny B. generous B. heavier

D. demand B. threw D. contributed C. small C. foolish C. smaller B. performed D. enjoyed C. work B. miner D. jeweler C. beat C. jewel B. scared D. contented B. mistakes D. circles B. desert C. direction B. thirst D. tiredness B. anxiously D. slowly D. road D. led D. sense D. sit D. round D. polite D. larger

13. A. embarrassed C. pleased 14. A. doubt C. line 15. A. hotel 16. A. starvation C. sleepiness 17. A. secretly C. patiently

18. A. curiosity C. puzzlement 19. A. attempt C. notice 20. A. hoping C. pretending Ⅲ. 短文改错

B. disappointment D. excitement B. plan D. chance B. meaning D. seeking

(2013· 唐山模拟) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文 , 请你修改你同桌 写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误, 每句中最多有两处。每处错 误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧), 并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除: 把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改: 在错的词下画一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意: 1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处, 多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 A friend of mine was taking an English lesson to class of foreign adult students. After placing quite a number of everyday objects on a table, and he asked them to give her the ruler, the book and so on. The class went very smooth and the students seemed interested in the work unless my friend turned to an Italian student and said, “Give me the keys. ”The Italian looked surprising and somewhat at a loss. Seeing this, my friend thinks

that the Italian hadn’t heard him clearly. However, he repeated, “Give me the keys. ”The Italian then kissed him on both cheek. Ⅳ. 书面表达 假如你是李华, 于 11 月 12 日到达纽约, 然后去找你的美国朋友 Tom, 但他不在家。请按以下内容给 Tom 留张便条。 1. 火车晚点 15 分钟, 与接你的 Tom 错过; 2. 在火车上认识的定居美国的华人 Taylor 夫妇把你带到 Tom 家, 但 Tom 不在家; 3. 现在你在 Taylor 夫妇家; 4. 务必今晚打电话给你, 电话: 64611128。 注意: 1. 词数 100 个左右; 2. 不要逐字翻译, 可适当增加细节以使行文连贯; 3. 信的开头已给出, 不计入总词数。 Dear Tom, I’m in New York!

________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ _______________________ Yours, Li Hua

【语篇随练】 Ⅰ. 用完形填空中出现的短语填空 1. I met John only ________ in the street. 2. We ________heavy rain on our way home. 3. _____________, I didn’t know him at all. 4. The children have ___________the local accent. Ⅱ. 请运用上下文暗示法 , 按照以下提示题号找出完形填空中的对应 词 题号 2 10 12 16 18 原 文 ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ 选 项 ________ ________ ________ ________ ________

答案解析
Ⅰ. 1.【解析】选 D。考查形容词辨析。句意: 妈妈脸上吃惊的表情告诉 我们她对这个消息感到吃惊。shocked“吃惊的”; shocking“令人吃惊的”。 2.【解析】选 D。考查形容词辨析。句意: 简一直以来如此忙于家务, 以 至 于 她 没 时 间 参 加 社 会 活 动 。 be occupied in sth. “ 忙 于 某 事 ”; confused“迷惑的”; worried“担心的”; devoted“ 忠诚的”, 后一般接介词 to。

3.【解析】选 A。句意: 令我惊讶的是, 关于这个单词, 老师讲的和词典 上说的竟然有如此多的差别。to one’s astonishment“令某人吃惊的是”, 故 A 项符合句意。B、C、D 三项均不合句意。 4.【解析】选 B。考查词语辨析。句意: 尽管他很富有, 他仍很低调。 despite 为介词, 相当于 in spite of, 意为“尽管”。although 为连词, 后面 需接句子; except, besides“除了……之外”, 不符合句意。 5.【解析】选 C。考查虚拟语气。首句句意: 要不是因为你及时的警告, 我们就会陷入麻烦了。 由句意可知本句是对过去动作的虚拟, 故主句用 would/could/ might have done。 6. 【解析】 选 A。 根据句意, 此处应指最后放弃了, 故选 A 项。 B 项指“不 幸地”; C 项指“慷慨地”; D 项指“有意地”。 7.【解析】选 A。考查短语辨析。句意: 怀特先生只通过观看园艺师工 作就学会了一些种植植物的知识。pick up“学会; 捡起, 拾起”, 符合句 意。set up“建立”; work out“解决”; turn out“结果是”。 8.【解析】选 C。考查动词辨析。句意: 在聚会上我一个人也不认识, 但 女主人通过把我介绍给一些人来帮我解围。rescue sb. from(doing)sth. 使某人免去了……。help sb. out 使某人解围。 9.【解析】选 B。句意: 这辆坏的自行车被发现丢弃在河边。find+宾语 +宾语补足语, 其中宾语 the broken bike 与补足语 abandon 之间为被动 关系, 故用过去分词形式。本题是“find+宾语+宾语补足语”的被动语态, 故 abandoned 作的是主语补足语。 【变式备选】

The girl had to A. abandon

her journey because of her mother’s illness. B. leave C. desert D. quit

【解析】选 A。考查动词辨析。句意: 由于母亲生病, 这个女孩不得不 放弃旅行。 abandon 指因外界压力或影响完全或永久地舍弃自己所感兴 趣的事物或人 ; leave 是一般用语 , 着重强调 “ 离开 , 遗留下 ” 的意思 ; desert 指某人或某物在困难中或困境中被人背弃; quit 指突然出其不意 地放弃, 往往也含有在感情上舍弃的意味。 10.【解析】选 D。考查短语辨析。句意: 没有预先考虑好, 他一时冲动 说了那些话。 think out“把……考虑好”, 符合句意。 think up“想出”; think of“想到, 想起”; think aloud“自言自语”, 均不符合句意。 11.【解析】选 A。句意: 一些学生注定会在他们的考试中失败。sb. be condemned to do sth. “某人注定要做某事”。 12.【解析】选 B。句意: 1939 年 9 月, 在德军入侵波兰之后, 英国对德 宣战。 A 项“在与……交战”; B 项“对……宣战”; C 项“开战”; D 项“赢得战 争”。若选 C 项, 需要在其后加介词 with 或 against。 13.【解析】选 B。句意: 他被告知至少要过三个月的时间他才能恢复健 康去上班。it will be +时间段+ before. . . 过一段时间才会……。 14.【解析】选 C。考查动词辨析。句意: 我敢断定, 他们忽略了暗含的 巨 大 危 险 。 overlook 意 为 “ 忽 视 ”, 符 合 句 意 。 skim“ 浏 览 , 略 读 ”; observe“观察”; glance“匆匆一看”, 后面多用介词 at 或 over。 15.【解析】选 C。考查虚拟语气的用法。句意: 如果不是有成为幸运顾 客的诱惑, 我不会买这么多我不需要的东西。从主句的谓语动词 would

not have bought 来看, 这是与过去相反的假设, 故从句谓语要用 had+ 过去分词形式。另外, 当条件句中含有 had, were, should 时, 可把 if 省 略, 而把这些词提到句首。故选 C。 【知识拓展】 if 虚拟条件句的三种形式 条件从句的 谓语动词 与现在 事实相反 与过去 事实相反 与将来 事实相反 had done might+ have done 动词的一般过去式/ were to do/should+ 动词原形 would/should/ could/might+ 动词原形 动词的一般过去式 (be 动词一般 用 were) would/could/ might+动词原形 would/could/ 主句的谓语动词

If I were you, I would take an umbrella. 如果我是你, 我会带把伞。(与现在事实相反) If I had got there earlier, I would/could have met her. 如果我早到那儿, 我就会见到她了。(与过去事实相反) If there were a heavy snow next Sunday, we would not go skating. 如果下周日下大雪, 我们就不能去滑冰了。(与将来事实相反) Ⅱ.

本文是一篇记叙文。两个珠宝商人来到一个旅馆, 准备住下。一个 商人为了炫耀自己的珍珠 , 故意把一颗珍珠掉在地上 , 当另一个商人 帮他捡起来时, 他夸耀自己还有其他更大的珍珠。 而这一切都被另外一 个人看见了。 这个人给他们讲了一个自己的故事, 向他们说明了有的时 候财富并不是最重要的。 1.【解析】选 B。考查固定短语辨析。此处表示当两个商人几乎同时来 到这个旅馆的时候, 他们都意识到了对方的存在。 be afraid of“害怕”; be proud of“以……而自豪”, 均与语境不符。 2.【解析】选 D。考查生活常识。根据第一句话中的“desert”可知, 他们 使用的交通工具应是“骆驼”, 而不是驴子、大象或马。 3.【解析】选 C。考查语境逻辑。此处表示其中的一个商人禁不住诱惑。 effort“努力”; pressure“压力”; demand“要求”, 语气比较坚决, 与题意不 符。 4.【解析】选 A。考查语境中动词的辨析。根据句意可知, 此处表示当 这个珍珠滚落在另一个商人脚下的时候, 另一个商人把珍珠拾了起来, 然 后 还 给 对 方 , 看 上 去 很 不 自 然 。 throw“ 扔 ”; present“ 授 予 ”; contribute“贡献”, 均与语境不符。 5.【解析】选 B。考查生活常识。众所周知, 珍珠一般是亮的、富有光 泽的, 所以选 B。而 rough 表示“粗糙的”, 指表面不平滑或者不规则; small 表示“小的”; round 表示“圆的”, 均与语境不符。 6.【解析】选 D。考查语境中形容词的辨析。这里是指这个商人听了赞 美自己的珍珠的话后, 表示他很感谢对方的赞扬, 认为对方有礼貌。而

generous 表示“慷慨的”; foolish 表示“愚蠢的”; smart 表示“聪明的, 有智 力的”, 均与语境不符。 7.【解析】选 C。考查语境中形容词的辨析。此处表示这个商人自我炫 耀, 告诉对方这仅仅是他拥有的珍珠里面一个比较小的。ugly“丑陋的”; heavy“沉重的”; large“大的”, 均与他的炫耀相矛盾。 8.【解析】选 A。考查语境中动词的辨析。此处表示有一个人看见了刚 才的全过程。perform“做”; direct“指导”; enjoy“享受”, 均与语境不符。 9.【解析】选 B。考查上下文暗示。根据后面的“When they began their meal”可知此处是指邀请他们一起吃饭, 而不是邀请他们一起来闲聊、 工作或坐下。 10. 【解析】 选 D。 考查上下文暗示。 根据最后一段的“all it contained was pearls” 可 知 这 个 人 告 诉 这 两 个 商 人 , 他 原 来 也 是 一 个 珠 宝 商 。 bargainer“交易者”; miner“矿工”; traveler“旅游者”, 均与语境不符。 11.【解析】选 C。考查语境中动词的辨析。从前面的“storm”可知大雨 不断地击打着他和他的朋友们。pull 表示“拉”; show 表示“带领”; lead 表示“领路”, 均与语境不符。 12.【解析】选 A。考查语境化选词。lose one’s way“迷路”。根据上文内 容及第五段内容可知, 他迷路了。 13.【解析】选 B。考查上下文逻辑。根据下文可知他无法摆脱困境, 所 以他很恐惧。embarrassed“尴尬的”; pleased“高兴的”; contented“满意 的”, 均与语境不符。 14.【解析】选 D。考查上下文逻辑。结合后面的“with no sense of where

I was or which

15 to walk in. ”可知他迷失方向了, 因此“他在转圈地

走”符合语境。in doubt“不确定”; in line“成一直线”, 均与语境不符。 15.【解析】选 C。考查上下文逻辑。他迷路了, 所以他在沙漠里不知道 该往哪个方向走, 因此选 C。hotel“旅馆”; desert“沙漠”; road“道路”, 均 与语境不符。 16.【解析】选 A。考查上下文暗示。根据最后一段的“find something to eat” 可知 , 此处表示他很饥饿。 thirst“( 口 ) 渴 ”; sleepiness“ 昏昏欲睡 ”; tiredness“疲倦”, 均与上下文的语境不符。 17.【解析】选 B。考查语境中副词的辨析。他把骆驼上的货物都卸下 来 , 迫不及待地寻找食物 , 因此使用 anxiously。而 secretly“ 秘密地 ”; patiently“耐心地”; slowly“慢慢地”, 均体现不出他寻求食物的迫切性。 18. 【解析】 选 D。 考查语境中名词的辨析。 根据后面的“when I came upon a small bag”可知, 当他发现一个小袋子的时候, 他很兴奋, 以为里面会 有食物。 curiosity“好奇心”; disappointment“失望”; puzzlement“困惑”, 均 与语境不符。 19.【解析】选 C。考查语境逻辑。此处是指他原先没有注意这个袋子 的存在, 故选 C。attempt“企图”; plan“计划”; chance“机会”, 均与语境不 符。 20.【解析】选 A。考查上下文逻辑。由于渴望食物, 所以他打开袋子的 时候 , 手发抖 , 衬托出他期望里面有食物的心情 , 故选 A 。 mean to do“ 打 算 做 ……”; seek to do“ 设 法 做 ……”; pretend to do“ 假 装 做……”, 均与语境不符。

Ⅲ.答案: A friend of mine was taking an English lesson to ∧ class of foreign adult giving a

students. After placing quite a number of everyday objects on a table, and he asked them to give her the ruler, the book and so on. The class went very smooth and the him smoothly

students seemed interested in the work unless my friend turned to an Italian student until and said, “Give me the keys. ” The Italian looked surprising and somewhat at a loss. surprised Seeing this, my friend thinks that the Italian hadn’t heard him clearly. However, thought Therefore he repeated, “Give me the keys. ” The Italian then kissed him on both cheek. cheek s

Ⅳ.【参考范文】 Dear Tom, I’m in New York! It’s really a pity that I didn’t find you at the railway station. You may have left when my train arrived, a quarter behind the schedule. Luckily, on the train I came across Mr. Taylor and his wife, who are Chinese and have been living in the US for several years. Seeing that there was no one to meet me at the station, they offered to drive me to your house. As you happen to be out, I’ve decided to accept the Taylors’ offer to stay at their house for the night. I’ve decided to put up here for the night. They are very friendly to me, so don’t worry about me. I’ll be all right. It cannot be better if you can call me at my phone number 64611128 this evening. Looking forward to meeting you soon. Yours, Li Hua 【语篇随练】 Ⅰ. 1. by accident 2. were caught in 3. As a matter of fact 4. picked up

Ⅱ. 题号 2 10 12 16 18 原 文 arrived at a hotel in a desert all it contained was pearls with no sense of where I was find something to eat when I came upon a small bag 选 项 camels jeweler way starvation excitement

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