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状语从句讲解及习题


The adverbial clauses(状语从句) 1、基本含义 状语修饰动词、形容词、副词或整个句子。通常由副词、介词短语、动词不定式、分词和从 句等担当。 请用下划线划出下列句子中的状语,并说明是什么在做状语: He speaks English very well. He is playing under the tree. I come specially to se

e you. The boy was praised for his bravery. When she was 12 years old, she began to live in Dalian. If I am not busy tomorrow, I will play football with you. 什么是状语从句? 用来修饰主句中的动词,副词和形容词的从句叫状语从句。根据其含义状语从句 可分为时间状语从句,地点状语从句,条件状语从句, 原因状语从句,结果状语从 句,比较状语从句,目的状语从句,让步状语从句。 例句: I will call you as soon as I arrive in Beijing. If he comes back, please let me know. I know how to light a camp fire because I had done it before. 2、用法归纳 1. 时间状语从句 (1)时间状语从句常用 when, as, while, before, after, since, till, until, as soon as 等连词来 引导。例如: It was raining hard when we got to school yesterday. While he was doing his homework, the telephone rang. As he walked along the lake, he sang happily. He had learned a little Chinese before he came to China. After he finished middle school, he went to work in a factory. (2)在时间状语从句里,通常不用将来时态,用现在时态表示将来的动作或状态。 例如: I’ll ring you up as soon as I get to New York. I will tell him everything when he comes back. He won’t believe it until he sees it with his own eyes. (3)在带有 till 或 until 引导的时间状语从句的主从复合句里,如果主句用肯定式, 其含义是“一直到……时” ,谓语动词只能用延续性动词。如果主句用否定式, 其含义是“直到……才……”, “在……以前不……”, 谓语动词可用瞬间动词。 例如: The young man read till the light went out. Let’s wait until the rain stops. We won’t start until Bob comes. Don’t get off until the bus stops. [Practice] Ididnt know he came back A. since C. until 请填入适当的引导词 B. when D. after I met him in the street. (2007 河北)

I haven't heard from him _____ he went to America . We found the books two days ____ he had gone away . Do not leave the room _____ you have finished the test. 2. 条件状语从句 (1)条件状语从句通常由 if, unless 引导。例如: What shall we do if it snows tomorrow? Don’t leave the building unless I tell you to. (2)在条件状语从句里,谓语动词通常用现在时态表示将来的动作或状态。例如: I’ll help you with your English if am free tomorrow. He won’t be late unless he is ill. (3)“祈使句 + and (or)+ 陈述句” 在意思上相当于一个带有条件状语从句的复合 句。例如: Hurry up, or you’ll be late. =If you don’t hurry up, you’ll be late. Study hard and you will pass the exam. =If you study hard, you will pass the exam. [Practice] 1. If you A. get up B. don’t get up C. will get up 请完成下面句子的翻译: 如果他们不在家,我们就不去拜访了._______________________ 如果我们开派对,将在晚上七点开始._______________________ 如果明天有空,我会和你一起去喂狗._______________________ 如果明天他不来,我会代替他去的._________________________ A. so that B. until C. as D. since 3. 原因状语从句 (1)原因状语从句通常由 because, since, as 引导。例如: He didn’t come to school because he was ill. As it is raining, we shall not go the zoo. Since you can’t answer the question, I’ll ask someone else. (2)because 表示直接原因,语气最强。Because 引导的原因状语从句多放在主句之后。 回答由 why 提出的问题,只能用 because。As 和 since 语气较弱,一般用来表示明显 的原因。由 as 和 since 引导的原因状语从居多放在句首。例如: ------Why aren’t going there? ------Because I don’t want to. As he has no car, he can’t get there easily. Since we have no money, we can’t buy it. (3)because 和 so 不能同用在一个句子里。 [Practice] 1. I keep an English diary A. how C. because 2. A. Because; so C. Although; but B. when D. if his leg was hurt, B. Because; / D. Although; / (2006 重庆) he walked slowly. (2006 浙江宁波) it helps me improve my writing skill. (2007 宁夏) late tomorrow morning, you won’ catch the early bus. t (2007 福建厦门)

3. .I collect toys because they are beautiful. (对画线部分提问)

you collect toys? 4. 结果状语从句 (1)结果状语从句由 so…that, such…that, so that 引导。例如: He is so poor that he can’t buy a bike for his son. She is such a good teacher that everybody likes her. My pencil fell under the desk, so that I couldn’t see it. (2)so…that 语 such...that 可以互换。例如: 在由 so...that 引导的结果状语从句中,so 是副词,与形容词连用。其结构是: “...so + 形容词(副词)+ that + 从句” 。例如: He was so glad that he couldn’t say a word. The hall is so big that it can hold 2,000 people. Mother lives so far away that we hardly ever see her. 在由 such…that 引导的结果状语从句中,such 是形容词,它修饰的可以是单数或复数 可数名词,也可以是不可数名词;名词前面可以带形容词,也可不带。如果是单数可 数名词,前面需加不定冠词 a 或 an。例如: It was such a hot day that nobody wanted to do anything. He had such long arms that he could almost touch the ceiling. He made such rapid progress that he did very well in the mid-term. 有时上述两种结构是可以互换的。例如: It was such a wonderful film that all of us wanted to see it again. =The film was so wonderful that all of us wanted to see it again. It is such an important match that nobody wants to miss it. =The match is so important that nobody wants to miss it. (3)如果名词前由 many, much, little, few 等词修饰时,只能用 so, 不用 such。例如: Soon there were so many deer that they ate up all the wild roses. He has so little time that he can’t go to the cinema with you. [Practice] ( ) 1. This exercise is A. so; that few of us can do B. so; that few of us can do it C. too; for anyone of us to do D. too; for anyone of us to do it 2. This math problem is so easy that I can work it out. (改为简单句) This math problem is (2006 广西柳州) to work out. difficult . (2007 山东济南)

5. 比较状语从句 比较状语从句通常由 as…as, 比较级 + than…等连词引导。例如: Tom runs faster than John does. This classroom is as big as that one. [Practice] ( )1.Our village has changed a lot, and it becomes _________before. A. so beautiful as B. as beautifully as C. more beautiful than D. much more beautiful ( )2. Don’t just believe the advertisement. That kind of camera is __________ it says. (2006 广西桂林)

(2007 河北) A. as good as C. as well as B. not as good as D. not as well as

7. 让步状语从句 (1)让步状语从句通常由 although, though 等连词引导。例如: Though he is young, he knows a lot. Although I am tired, I must go on working. (2)although(though)不能用在同一个句子中。例如: 不能说:Though it was raining hard, but he still went out. 应该说:Though it was raining hard, he still went out.或 It was raining hard, but he still went out. [Practice] 1.You’ll be late ______ you don’t get up early tomorrow morning. A. if B. when C. before D. until 2.If he ______ on time, we will go without him A. doesn’t come B. don’t come C. didn’t come 3.If you _______ him tomorrow, please ask him if he ______ to work on the farm with us. A. see ; goes B. will see; goes C. will see; will go D. see; will go 8. 地点状语从句 地点状语从句常常由 where 来引导。例如: Go where you like. Where there is a will, there is a way. [Practice] ( )1.You should let your children play _________ you can see them. A. where B. when C. in which D. that ( )2.The school was built _________ there had once been a church. A. where B. when C. in which D. that [专项训练] 一. 单项选择 1. _______ he’s old, he can still carry this heavy bag. A. Though B. Since C. For D. So 2. ---Do you know if he _______ to play basket ball with us? ---I think he will come if he ______ free tomorrow. A. comes; is B. comes; will be C. will come; is D. will come; will be 3. In the zoo if a child _____ into the water and can’t swim, the dolphins may come up ______ him. A. will fall; to help B. falls; to help C. will fall; help D. falls; helping 4. I don’t remember ________ he worked in that city when he was young. A. what B. which C. where D. who 5. We will stay at home if my aunt ________ to visit us tomorrow. A. comes B. come C. will come D. is coming 6. The police asked the children _______ cross the street ________ the traffic lights turned green. A. not; before B. don’t; when C. not to; until D. not; after 7. I was late for class yesterday _______ there was something wrong with my bike. A. when B. that C. until D. because

8. I’ll go swimming with you if I ________ free tomorrow. A. will be B. shall be C. am D. was 9. In the exam, the ________ you are, ______ the _______ mistakes you will make. A. careful; little B. more careful; fewest C. more careful; fewer D. more careful; less 10. You should finish your lessons _______ you go out to play. A. before B. after C. when D. while 11. I hurried _____ I wouldn’t be late for class. A. since B. so that C. as if D. unless 12. When you read the book, you’d better make a mark _______ you have any questions. A. which B. that C. where D. though 13. The teacher raised his voice _______ all the students could hear him. A. for B. so that C. because D. in order 14. He took off his coat _______ he felt hot. A. because B. as C. if D. since 15. It is ______ that we’d like to go out for a walk. A. a lovely day B. too lovely a day C. so lovely a day D. such lovely a day 16. Mary had ______ much work to do that she stayed at her office all day. A. such B. so C. too D. very 17. _______ I felt very tired, I tried to finish the work. A. Although B. Because C. As D. As if 18. ______ the day went on, the weather got worse. A. With B. Since C. While D. As 19. ______ well you can drive, you must drive carefully. A. So long as B. In order that C. No matter how D. The moment 20. Write to me as soon as you ________ to Beijing. A. will get B. get C. getting D. got 二. 根据中文意思完成下列英语句子 1. 不管他跟我开什么玩笑,我都不生气。 I am not angry with him, _______ _______ ______ jokes he ______ on me. 2. 布鲁斯太太对学生非常亲切,以至于学生把她当作母亲。 Mrs. Bruce was _______ kind to her students ______ they ______ her _____ their mother. 3. 只要我们竭尽全力,父母就会满意我们的表现。 Our parents will be pleased with our performance _____ _____ ______ we try our best. 4. 你一到上海就给我打个电话好吗? Will you please call me ______ ______ ______ you get to Shanghai. 5. 这个七岁的女孩酷爱钢琴,以至于他已经坚持练习两年了。 The seven-year-old girl likes playing the piano ______ ______ ______ she has kept practicing for two years. 6. 虽然她很忙,他还坚持自学英语。 _______ _______ ______ _______, she kept on learning English by herself. 7. 他长大后相当一名记者。 He wants to be a journalist ______ _______ _______ _______.

8. 无论刮风下雨,我们的老师总是第一个到校。 _______ _______ windy or rainy, our teacher is always the first to get to school. 9. 如果人人为保护环境做出贡献,世界将会变得更美好。 ______ ______ ______ _____ _______ to protecting the environment, the world will become much more beautiful. 10. 李明昨天没来上学,因为他病了。 Li Ming didn’t come to school _______ _______ ______ ______. [中考真题演练] 1. _______ he’s old, he can still carry this heavy bag. A. Though B. Since C. For D. So 2. ---Do you know if he _______ to play basket ball with us? ---I think he will come if he ______ free tomorrow. A. comes; is B. comes; will be C. will come; is D. will come; will be 3. In the zoo if a child _____ into the water and can’t swim, the dolphins may come up ______ him. A. will fall; to help B. falls; to help C. will fall; help D. falls; helping 4. I don’t remember ________ he worked in that city when he was young. A. what B. which C. where D. who 5. We will stay at home if my aunt ________ to visit us tomorrow. A. comes B. come C. will come D. is coming 6. The police asked the children _______ cross the street ________ the traffic lights turned green. A. not; before B. don’t; when C. not to; until D. not; after 7. I was late for class yesterday _______ there was something wrong with my bike. A. when B. that C. until D. because 8. I’ll go swimming with you if I ________ free tomorrow. A. will be B. shall be C. am D. was 9. In the exam, the ________ you are, ______ the _______ mistakes you will make. A. careful; little B. more careful; fewest C. more careful; fewer D. more careful; less 10. You should finish your lessons _______ you go out to paly. A. before B. after C. when D. while 11. I hurried _____ I wouldn’t be late for class. A. since B. so that C. as if D. unless 12. When you read the book, you’d better make a mark _______ you have any questions. A. which B. that C. where D. though 13. The teacher raised his voice _______ all the students could hear him. A. for B. so that C. because D. in order 14. He took off his coat _______ he felt hot. A. because B. as C. if D. since 15. It is ______ that we’d like to go out for a walk. A. a lovely day B. too lovely a day C. so lovely a day D. such lovely a day 16. Mary had ______ much work to do that she stayed at her office all day.

A. such B. so C. too D. very 17. _______ I felt very tired, I tried to finish the work. A. Although B. Because C. As D. As if 18. ______ the day went on, the weather got worse. A. With B. Since C. While D. As 19. ______ well you can drive, you must drive carefully. A. So long as B. In order that C. No matter how D. The moment 20. Write to me as soon as you ________ to Beijing. A. will get B. get C. getting D. got (2010 .河北省卷,42. 1) Peter likes reading a newspaper ______he is having breakfast. A. until B. while C. because D. though (2010.江苏省盐城市 12. 1)Many students didn’t realize the importance of study_____they left school. A.when B.until C.as D.after (2010.四川省内江市 39. 1)I don’t know if it______tomorrow.If it______,we won’t go on a picnic. A.rains;rains B.will rain;rains C.will rain;will rain (2010 山东省潍坊市 29. 1)You have to leave now________you can catch the early bus. A.so that B.as soon as C.because D.if (2010.浙江省衢州市 23. 1) You should go over your test paper _____ you hand it in . A. before B. though C. because D. as soon as (2010.江苏省无锡市.12. 1)Scientists say it may be a few years ______it is possible to test the new medicine on patients. A.because B.after C.before D.since (2010 年上海市 37. 1)We will have no water to drink _______we don’t protect the earth. A.until B.before C.though D.if (2010·江苏省扬州市, ,41)—Could we play football in your playground,Sir? --No,_______you have the principal’s note. A.if B.unless C.because D.since (2010 四川省成都市 35. 1)I won’t be able to understand what you say,_______you speak too quickly. A.if B.though C.because (2010·浙江省湖州市,22,1)—Is everyone here today? --No.Tom is at home_____he has got a bad cold. A.because B.if C.until D.unless (2010·山西省,27,1)In summer , food goes bad easily ________ it is put in the refrigerator. A. until B. if C. unless (2010·河南省,25,1)( ) It's difficult to make her dream come true,she never gives up A Though B Unless C Because D If (2010·山东省莱芜市,27,1)--I hear Jack Chan will come to Laiwu next week. --Really? _______ he comes, my younger sister will be very happy,

A.If

B.Until

C.Unless

D.Before

(2010·贵州省铜仁市,35,1)— May I go to the concert with you? — I’m afraid not ____ you have a ticket, because I have only one. A. since B. if C. unless D. though (2010·山东省菏泽市,27,1)Mary spends a lot of money on clothes _______ her family is not rich. A. because B. though C. if D. so (2010· 黑龙江省鸡西市, 1)( )Usually, we don’t know how important something is ______ 29, we lose it. A. or B. until C. as soon as (2010·广西省定西市,15,1)( )She had a stomachache she ate something bad. A. so B. because C. or D. although (2010 福建三明 29. 1)Many children like fried chicken _______it is unhealthy food. A.if B.because C.although (2010 广西南宁 32. 1)Mr.Brown knew nothing about the good news ______his wife told it to him. A.before B.after C.since D.if (2010 四川达州 29. 1)I don’t know if Jack A. will come; will comes . If he B. comes; come , call me, please.

C. comes; will come D. will come; comes (2010·天津市,41,1)We won’t start the meeting ______our teacher arrives. A.though B.until C.while D.or (2010·青海省,宁夏,33,1)( ) ---Did you catch what the teacher said? ---No. She spoke so fast _______ I couldn’t hear her very clearly. A. which B. that C. when D. since (2010·辽宁省沈阳市,8,1) ____ it snowed heavily yesterday, nobody in our class missed the lesson. A.Though B.Because C.Unless D.Since (2010·江苏省镇江市,8,1)( ) A tourist will easily lose his way in Beijing _________ he has a map or a guide. A. if B. because C. unless D. when (2010·广东省,18,1)The teacher speaks very loudly all the students can hear her. A. so that B. because C. since D. when


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