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1. able unable disable disabled ability talent 记忆: 1. able adj. 有能力的 Mary is an able girl. be able to(时态丰富、 强调结果) can(强调可能性) He can swim, but last week he wasn?t able to swim across the river as he didn?t feel well at that time. 他会 游泳,但他上周他未能游过河,因为他当时感到不舒服。 2. 加否定前缀 un-, unable adj. 无能的;He is unable to speak Russian. 他不会讲俄语。 3. 加否定前缀 dis-且转为动词, disable vt. 使??失去能力 The accident disabled him physically, but never mentally. 那场意外使他身患残疾,但他精神很健全。 4. 加表示被动的后缀-ed, disabled adj. 被夺取能力的,残疾的 We should help the disabled. 我们应 该帮助残疾人。 5. 加名词后缀-ity 变为名词:ability n. 能力 We are trying our best to develop our organizing ability. 我 们正尽力发展我们的组织能力。 6. disability n. 残疾 People with disability can also be successful. 残疾人也能成功。 7. competence com-pet-ence The state or quality of being adequately or well qualified; ability. compete, 竞 争, competence, 竞争的本事, n. 能力 You should employ the people with the necessary competence. 你应当雇用有相应能力的人。 8. talent A marked innate ability tal-ent tal, tall, 高,名词后缀-ent 表示人;talent, 高人,有才干的 人 n. 天才, 才干, 才能 Alice has the talent for music. 爱丽丝有音乐天赋。 另类阅读: I?m glad that I am able to form the ability to get on well with others. I hear that some people of talent are unable to communicate well with others, which will bring bad effect on their competence. As we know, jobs often call for cooperation. A man weak in communication is disabled in some way. 2. about around some or so approximately accurate accuracy exact 记忆: 1. about 前缀 ab-, 外; out, 外面; about prep. & adv. 在外面, 周围, 大约, 关于 When he walked about, he found there were about ten boys on the playground. 他在附近散步时发现操场上大约有十个男孩。 2. round [ raund ] adj. 圆的 prep. 围绕 There are some round vases round the teacher?s desk. 在讲桌 周围有一些圆形花瓶。 3. around prep. & adv. 在周围,大约 He came around five o?clock. 他在五点钟左右到的。 4. some adj. 一些,大约,某个 Some boys said some man had just passed with some twenty little dogs. 一些男孩说有个男的带着大约二十条小狗刚刚过去。 5. or so, 或者如此, 大约(在数字之后)We have only five minutes or so left. 我们只剩下五分钟左右 的时间了。 6. approximately ap-加强语气的前缀;pro-表示倾向;xim 音“些嘛” ,一些嘛,不是准确的, ap-pro-xim-ate-ly adv.近似地, 大约 Some people, approximately ten, went to visit the old teacher ill in bed. 一些人,大约十个吧,去看望了卧病在床的老教师。 7. accurate Conforming exactly to fact; errorless a, 一; cure, 治好, 为形容词后缀; cur, -ate ac-cur-ate, 一点点错误都被治好了的, adj.正确的, 精确的 He has given us an accurate report. 他给了我们一 份精确的报告。 8. accuracy n. 精确性, 正确度 I am sure of the accuracy of the report. 我相信报告是准确的。 9. exact Strictly and completely in accord with fact ex-act 前缀 ex-表示 “出来” 事实里面出来的, adj. , 精确的, 准确的, 原样的 I need the exact number! 我需要准确的数字! 另类阅读: 第一天 disability competence

Hearing “ There are about ten students round the table around 5 pm”, the teacher became impatient, “I need accuracy. Don?t tell me ?some, approximately, or so, and so on? again! Tell me the exact figure!” 3. above over on below under beneath 记忆:前三个都表示“在??至上” ;后三个都表示“在??之下” 1, above 对 below; (高于或低于) 格言:Never think yourself above business.勿自视过高; 不要眼高手低 2, over 对 under; (在正上方或正下方) 3, on 对 beneath(接触表面) 另类阅读: The man on the bridge over the river took a look at the plane flying over the house above him before he looked at the boats sailing below. He also wondered what?s beneath the bridge. 4. receive receiver receipt recipe reception receptionist accept except exception expect expectation respect inspect aspect suspect spectator spectacle 记忆: 1. receive get vt. (客观上)得到 I received the invitation, but I didn?t accept it. 我收到了邀请,但我没有 接受。 2. 加后缀-er: receiver n. 听筒 He picked up the receiver at once. 他马上拿起了听筒。 3. 变体: receipt n. 收据 When you buy something, you should ask for the receipt. 买东西的时候别忘了 索要收据。 4. 加后缀-tion: reception n. 接待 His warm reception made our stay pleasant. 他的热情接待使我们在 那儿过得很愉快。 5. 加后缀:-ist: receptionist n. 接待员 The receptionists here are warm-hearted. 这里的接待员非常热 心。 6. accept To receive (something offered), especially with gladness. ac-cept (主观上) 接受; He accepted our gift happily. 他愉快地接受了我们的礼物。 7. recipe n. 处方 His family has some secret recipe to treat some unusual diseases. 他的家族有些治疗 怪病的秘方。 8. 前缀 ex-表示“外” ,except 排除在外,prep. 除了 Everyone is here except Li. 除了李之外大家都到了。 9. 加名词后缀-ion, exception 除了的事 n. 例外 Everyone should obey the rule without exception. 每个人 毫无例外地都要遵守规则。 10. 词根 spect 表示 “看” expect v. 向外看, : 因为心有所期待, 等待 We expect to see you next week. 我 们期待着下周见到你。 11. expectation n. 期待, 预料, 指望, 展望 I?m sorry to fail your expectation. 对不起让你失望了! 12. 前缀 re-表示“回” respect 回首看,因为心有敬意,n. & vt. 尊重,尊敬 Everyone should be , respected. 每个人都应受到尊重。 13. in 为里面, inspect 在内部看,v. 视察 After inspecting the school, he showed his satisfaction with warm words.视察完后,他用热情的话语表达了他对学校的满意。 14. a, 一, aspect 看一看, 看到一个方面, 方面, n. 外貌 We should try to examine things in all aspects. 我们看问题要多方面地看。 15. 前缀 su- 由 sub- 下” “ 而来, suspect 在下面看, 不相信, & n.怀疑 He never suspects his teacher?s vt. words, which I don?t think is good. 他从不怀疑他的老师的话,我认为这并不好。 16. -ator 表示“??的人” ,spectator n. 观众 The beauty of the scene moved every spectator. 美丽的景 色托运了每一位观众。 17. -acle,名词后缀; spectacle n. 景象, 景色 A grand spectacle spread in front of them.一幅宏大的景象 展现在他们眼前。 另类阅读:

Napoleon received many presents that expressed respects for him, but he accepted nothing except some flowers. He expected to inspect the army without any exception. Some soldiers suspected whether such a short man could lead them well. They thought they might watch a special spectacle as spectators. 5. across cross crossing through though past 记忆: 1. cross n.十字架,vt. 横穿 He crossed the street with a cross on his back. 他背负十字架穿过了大街。 2. 前缀 a- 改变词性, across prep & adv. 横穿 He went across the street. 他走过了大街。 3. 加名词后缀-ing:crossing n.横越, 十字路口,交叉点 Turn right at the second crossing. 在第二个十字 路口向右转。 4. Through prep & adv. 从中间过去 Can you go through the wood alone at night? 你能晚上独自一人穿 过那片树林吗? 5. past prep, n. & adj.从旁边过去,经过 Could you post my letter when you go past the post office? 你过 邮局时能否帮我交封信? 6. thorough adj. 彻底的 They made a thorough search for the lost ring, but didn't find it. 他们到处仔细搜 索那枚失踪了的戒指,然而一无所获。 7. though conj. 尽管, 虽然 I will go though I dislike him for his poor manners. 虽然我不喜欢他的糟糕的 态度,但我还是要去的。 8. thought n. 想法,思想 Everyone has his own thought. 每个人都有自己的想法。 另类阅读:I came across an old friend yesterday who said he had crossed Asia. He told me that he went across hundreds of rivers, through thousands of crowds, and past millions of skyscrapers though he took five dollars with him when starting off. 6. address dress put on pull on wear have on be (dressed) in 记忆 1. dress [ dres ] n. 衣服,vt. 给(人)穿衣 The mother dressed the girl in a pink dress. 母亲给女孩儿穿上 了粉红色的连衣裙。 2. 加上前缀 a-, 在穿衣的地方,家,address n. 地址,vt. 对??说话 This letter has no address on it. 这 封信上没有地址。 3. put on 穿上(衣服)You can put on that new coat today. 你今天可以穿上那件新外衣了。 4. pull on 迅速地穿上(衣服) Hurry! Pull on your clothes and leave for the station. The train is coming with your friend! 快点!穿上衣服到车站去。你朋友的火车马上就到了! 5. wear 穿着(衣服等)He is always wearing the same coat these days. 这些日子他总是穿着同一件外衣。 6. have on 穿着(衣服) (不用于进行时) ,有事 The emperor had nothing on. 那皇帝一丝不挂! 7. be in 后可接颜色表示穿着某色衣服。Look! Lin is hot for he is in red. 瞧!林今天身着红色很受欢迎! 另类阅读:He addressed to his students that he always dressed himself well and put on his hat before he went out, unlike the students pulling on the clothes after they got up. The students couldn?t help laughing when they found he was wearing his shirt inside out! What?s more, he was in red! 轻松一刻 Professor: “Can you tell me anything about the great chemists of the 17th century?” Student: “They are all dead,sir. ” 第二天 1. afraid fear fearful fearless fright frighten frightening frightened 记忆: 1, afraid adj. 害怕的 be afraid of sth 怕 be afraid to do sth 不敢 be afraid that 恐怕, 担心 She is not afraid of dogs at all. 她才不怕狗呢! 2, fear n. & v. 害怕 Who do you fear most in your class? 你们班上他最怕谁? 3, 后缀-ful 表示“充满的” fearful adj. 充满害怕的 That?s a fearful story. 那是一个充满恐惧的故事。 ,

4, 后缀-less 表示“没有的” ,fearless adj. 无畏的 Nothing can frighten this fearless boy. 什么也吓不住 这个勇敢的男孩。 5, fright [ frait ] Sudden, intense fear, as of something immediately threatening f-right f, 佛; right, 右边 fright, 佛在右边,令人心存恐惧,不敢放肆; n. 恐惧 Fright appeared on his face immediately. 他的脸上马上显出 了恐慌。 6, 动词后缀-en, 表示“使??” ,frighten vt. 使恐惧,使害怕 7, 形容词后缀-ing 表示 “令人??的” frightening adj. 令人恐惧的 We were frightened at the frightening , story he told vividly. 我们都被他娓娓讲述的恐怖故事吓住了。 8, 形容词后缀-ed 表示“感到??的” ,frightened adj. 感到恐惧的。 另类阅读: I?m afraid she fears darkness. She is afraid of night and afraid to go out alone. She finds the night fearful. She has tried to be fearless, however, she always finds herself frightened. 2. Africa / African America / American Asia / Asian Australia / Australian Europe / European Antarctica Arctic 记忆 1. f, 音“非” ,Africa 非洲;Most blacks come from Africa. 多数黑人来自非洲。 2. me, 音“美” ,America 美洲;There are two Americas: North America and South America. 世上有两个 美洲:北美洲和南美洲。 3. Asia, 音“亚细亚” ,亚洲;Asia is the largest continent in the world. 亚洲是世界第一大洲。 4. Australia 音似“澳大利亚” ,Australia lies in the south. 澳大利亚位于南方。 5. Eu,音似欧,Europe 欧洲; The first industrial revolution took place in Europe. 第一次工业革命发生 在欧洲。 6. arctic 北极,前缀 “ant-“表示相反, Antarctica 南极洲; Antarctic is a continent while the Arctic is an ocean. 南极洲是大陆,北冰洋是大洋。 7. 后缀 –an, 表示 “??的, ??的人” African 非洲的, 非洲人; Mandela, a black African, was respected all over the world. 非洲黑人曼德拉受到了全世界的尊重。 8. American 美洲的,美洲人;Some native Americans are still living in poverty. 一些美洲土人仍然生活在 贫困之中。 9. Asian 亚洲的,亚洲人;China is the largest country of all Asian countries. 中国是亚洲最大的国家。 10. Australian 澳大利亚的;澳大利亚人;Most Australians were against the government?s plan to send troop there. 多数澳大利亚人反对政府的派兵计划。 11. European 欧洲的,欧洲人。Europeans play an important part in today?s world. 欧洲人在当今世界上 起着重要的作用。 另类阅读: No matter you are African, American, Asian, or Australian, you can enjoy yourself by visiting Africa, America, Asia, or Australia. 3. after afternoon noon soon spoon spoonful moon moon-cake month monthly 记忆: 1. noon 正午; 2. after, 在 ?? 之后,afternoon, 在正午之后,下午。 3. soon, 音“速” ,很快, 不久 I?ll be back soon. 我很快就回来。 4. sp, 联想 soup, 汤,spoon 汤匙;Would you please pass me the spoon in front of you? 请你把你面前的汤 匙递给我,好吗? 5. spoonful n.一匙 He ate a spoonful of soup and found it tasty. 他品尝了一匙汤,觉得很可口。 6. moon, m, 联想月牙儿形状,月亮 7. moon-cake 月饼

8. month, mon, 即 moon, 月亮,month, 月 9. -ly 为形容词后缀,表示“的” ,monthly 每月的。He subscribed some monthly magazines. 另类阅读: This afternoon he read in a monthly magazine an article that the soup can soon be made on the moon with some flower and a spoon! after all 毕竟 day after day 日复一日 one after another 一个接一个 be after 追求 look after 照顾 run after 追赶 另类阅读: What are we after? Day after day, we come into the classroom one after another. We run after the top students. But we have to look after ourselves. After all, we are humans. 4. again against object to project reject oppose opposite opposition contrary contradict contradiction contradictory dictionary 记忆: 1. again adv. 又 once again 又一次 again and again 反复 time and time again 再三 2. st, 联想 stand, against 又站在那里,prep. 反对 How can you be against my plan? 你怎能反对我的计 划? 3. object ob-, 外; -ject, 丢; object 向外丢, 物体, 目标, n. 宾语, object (to)反对 I object to your vi. idea. We can?t watch the movement of objects in that way. 我反对你的意见。我们不能那样观察物体的 运动。 4. re-, 回去,reject vt. 丢回去,抛弃 Your idea should be rejected. 丢掉你的观点吧。 5. pro-, 向前;project 向前投掷,要实施,n. 工程 Let?s contribute more to the Hope Project. 让我们为 希望工程多做点事吧。 6. 词根 pose 表示放,摆,oppose 又放在那里,vt. 反对。We can?t oppose it! 我们不能反对! 7. -ite 为形容词后缀, opposite adj. 反对的 The boy went in the opposite direction. 男孩从相反的方向 走了。 8. --ition 为名词后缀,opposition n. 反对, 反对派 He was defeated by his opposition. 他被对手击败 了。 9. contra-, 反的, contrary adj. & n. 反面 On the contrary, we will fight on. 相反, 我们要继续战斗下去。 10. diction, 话语,contradiction 相反的话, n. 矛盾 Can you see the contradiction in his excuse? 你能 看出他借口里的矛盾之处吗? 11. contradict vt. 同...矛盾, 同...抵触 What he did contradicted what he promised. 他的行为与他的承诺 不一致。 12. diction 加后缀-ary, dictionary n. 字典,词典 We shouldn?t look up every new word in the dictionary. 我 们不能每遇到生词就去查词典。 13. contradictory adj. 矛盾的 Have you found anything contradictory in his speech? 你发现他话里的矛 盾地方了吗? 另类阅读: He didn?t agree with us. On the contrary, he put forward an idea against us again! He is always objecting to our plan, opposing our idea and standing in the opposite direction! 5. age teenager ago before forecast foresee forehead foreleg forearm 记忆: 1. age n. 年龄。I could jump much higher at your age. for ages 很久 at the age of 在??岁的时候 2. teen, 十;-er, 人;teenager 年龄在十三到十九岁的人,青少年 It?s said that the teenagers today are not working so hard as they did in the past. 据说今天的青少年不如以前那么勤奋刻苦。 3. ago go, 去,ago 啊,过去了,以前; (从现在往后推)He went home ten minutes ago. 他十分钟前 回家了。

4. fore 表示前,before, 在以前; (从过去时间往后推) He said he had gone home ten minutes before.他说 他十分钟前回家了。 5. forecast fore-cast vt. 预报 It? his sister who forecasts the weather on TV. 是他姐姐在电视上预报天气。 6. foresee fore-see vt. 预知 Who can foresee the future? 谁能预知未来? 7. forehead fore-head n. 前额 Sweats appeared out of his forehead. 汗水从他前额渗出来了。 8. foreleg fore-leg n. 前腿 The rabbits? forelegs are not so strong as their hind legs. 兔子的前腿不如后腿 粗壮。 9. forearm fore-arm n. 前臂 He has strong forearms. 他前臂结实。 另类阅读: Two days ago he said he had ever been to as far as Beijing to see the star long before and that at the age of 40, no longer a teenager, he hadn?t run after pop stars for ages. 6. agree agreement agreeable disagree disagreeable disagreement 记忆: 1. agree, a, 一;gree, 音“给以” ,agree 一致给以,vi.同意;The teacher agreed to hold a picnic next weekend. 老师同意下周末搞野餐。 agree that agree to do sth 同意做 agree to sth 同意某事 agree with sb/ sth 同意某人的意见 agree on sth 达成一致 2. 加名词后缀-ment, agreement n. 同意,协议 Can they reach an agreement about the trade? 他们能 达成一份贸易协定吗? 3. 加形容词后缀-able, agreeable adj. 可同意的,让人满意的,宜人的。He lives in an agreeable room. 他住的房间非常舒适。 4. 加否定前缀 dis-, disagree vi. 不同意 Sorry, but I disagree with you there. 抱歉, 但我不同意你的说 法。 5. 加形容词后缀-able, disagreeable adj. 不同意的,不好的。To our surprise, the working conditions of the workers are quite disagreeable. 令我们吃惊的是,工人们的工作条件相当糟糕。 6. 加名词后缀-ment, disagreement n. 不同意, 分歧 Obvious disagreement lies among them. 他们间存 在着明显的分歧。 另类阅读: As no one disagreed to the plan any longer, an agreement was at last reached in the agreeable hall. 轻松一刻 During a Christmas exam,one of the questions was: “What causes a depression?”One of the students wrote: “God knows! I don’t.Merry Christmas!” The exam paper came back with the prof’s notation: “God gets 100,you get zero.Happy New Year!” 第三天 shoulder

1.shy show shower sigh sight should 记忆: 1. shy 音 “先” 在先的, , 因在先而不好意思,adj. 不好意思的, 害羞的 She is too shy too make a public speech. 她羞于公开发言。 2. show 音“秀” ,联想“时装秀”等,v & n. 表演,展示,表明。His words showed that there would be a fashion show in the city before long. 他的话表明市里不久将有个时装表演。 3. shower n. 阵雨,淋浴 Standing outdoors in the shower is just like taking a shower at home. 雨中伫 立的感觉就象家里淋浴一样。 4. sigh vi. 叹息 Never sigh when you can?t fly. 不能飞翔也不要哀伤。 5. sight [ sait ] 联想 see n. 视力,视野,风景,景象。He has a good sight to enjoy the beautiful sight faraway. 他视力很好,能欣赏到远方美景。

6. should 应该 7. shoulder n. 肩膀 We should shoulder the duty of defending our motherland even if our shoulders are not strong enough to carry guns. 哪怕我们瘦弱的肩膀扛不了枪,我们也要肩负起保家卫国的重任。 另类阅读: He was too shy to take a shower in public bathroom as his shoulders might be shown before others. At the sight of a shower, he sighed and went back. 2. alive live living lively lovely life die dead death deadly kill murder murderer sacrifice 记忆: 1. life n. 生命,生活 Everyone has the right to live a better life. 人人有权过上更好的生活。 2. live [ liv ] vi. 生活 adj. 活的(指动物) ;现场直播的 Some live programs about live animals are popular with people who live under high pressure. 一些关于动物的直播节目受到生活压力挺大的人的 欢迎。 live a … life 过着……的生活 live on sth 以某事物为生 格言: Live and learn.活 到老,学到老。 3. lively adj. 生动的,活泼的 We like lively classes. 我们喜欢生动活泼的课堂。 4. living adj. 活的 He is one of the few living world-famous writers. 他是少数在世的世界著名作家 之一。 5. alive adj. 活的(作表语或后置定语)The people alive should fight on for a better society. 活着的人应 该为争取更美好的社会而努力。 6. love n. & vt. 爱 Life is terrible without love. 没有爱的生活是可怕的。 7. lovely adj. 可爱的 Every child has his or her lovely aspect. 每个孩子都有其可爱的一面。 8. die [ dai ] vi. 死亡 Sorry to say that his father died from an accident last month. 我很遗憾地告诉大 家他的父亲上月因车祸而谢世了。 9. dead [ ded ] adj. 死亡的 There still live some people who are dead 一些人死了,但他们还活着。 10. death n. 死亡 No one can escape from death. However, the death may be different. 人总有一死,但 死各有不同。 11. deadly adj. 致命的 SARS may be a deadly disease. 非典可能是种致命的疾病。 12. kill [ kil ] vt. 杀死 The accident in Korea killed more than one hundred people. 朝鲜的那次意外使 一百多人丧生。 13. murder m, 音 “谋” vt. 谋杀 n. 谋杀案 It is well-known that Lincoln was murdered by his enemies.众所周知,林肯是被他的敌人谋杀的致死的。 14. murderer n. 杀人犯 The police are hunting for the murderer. 警察正在搜寻凶手。 15. sacrifice sa, 杀,sacrifice, n. & v. 牺牲 If necessary, we may sacrifice our lives for our country. 必 要时,我们可以为国捐躯。 另类阅读: However lovely it is, no live animal is allowed to enter this room. Otherwise, the lively class will be troubled by the living creature. Then we will have to kill it, that is, it will die. We would neither like to sacrifice our class nor to be the murderer! 3. all both almost alone lonely along already also always although ahead asleep awake away apart aside 记忆: 1. all 全都(三者以上)His classmates are all fond of him. 他的同学们都喜欢他。 2. both 全都(两者) His parents are both teachers. 他父母都是老师。 3. almost, most, 多数,almost, 多数都,几乎;Almost everyone was tired at that time. 那时几乎每个人都 累了。 4. alone one, 一;alone 全一个人,独自,单独 You can?t leave the baby alone at home. 你不能把小家伙

单独留在家里。 5. lonely, one, 一;l,联想一个人形单影只的样子,-ly, 形容词后缀;lonely 形单影只的一个人,孤 独的,寂寞的,偏僻的 He felt lonely in the lonely village. 在那个偏僻的山村他倍感孤独。 6. long, 长长的;along 就跟着长长的边线走,沿着 Walk along the road and you will find the hospital. 沿 路向前,你会找到医院的。 7. ready, 准备好的;already, 全准备好了,已经(多用于肯定句)He has already gone home. 他已经回 家了。 8. so, 这样的;also,全是这样的,也(多用于肯定句中)She has also gone home.她也回家了。 9. way, 路, always, 全部路上, ; 无一例外, 总是 He was always ready to help others. 他总是乐于助人。 10. though, 虽然;although conj. 虽然 Although it is raining hard, I will go out soon. 虽然雨正大,我不 久还是得出去。 11. 前缀 a-可加强语气, 可表示“在” :head, 头;ahead,adv. 在前头 Go ahead. 往前走。请用吧。 12. sleep, 睡觉;asleep adj. 睡觉的 I fell asleep the moment I dropped on the bed. 我一倒在床上就入睡 了。 13. wake, 醒;awake adj. 醒的,叫醒 Missing his girl friends, he stayed awake all night. 因想念女友, 他彻夜难眠。 14. way, 路;away, 路边的,adv. 离开的 Don?t go away. I will be back soon. 别走开,我马上回来。 15. part, 部分;apart adv. 分离 Can you tell the twins apart? 你能区别这对双胞胎吗? 16. side, 边 aside adv. 一边的 Push it aside if it is in the way. 如果它挡道,就把它推到一边去。 另类阅读: Although both his parents haven?t come yet, and neither have mine, almost all have already been are here. Let?s go ahead with the meeting. No one is can fall asleep or go away alone without permission. Put your own business aside, always keep awake. in all 总共 at all 根本 above all 最重要 after all 毕竟 of all 在所有的中 all over 结束, 到处 all in all 总的来说,总计 另类阅读: There are five in all. We don?t have enough hands at all. Of all the teams, ours is the smallest one. But we must fight on, even if we are wet all over. After all, this is an important and precious chance and above all, we are not chickens! 4. among between two twice twelve twenty twin 记忆: 1. among m: many, 多;among, 在很多中间 He is the wisest among the boys in our class. 他在我 们班上是最聪明的男孩。 2. between tw: two, 二;between 在两者中间 Our school lies between two shops. 我们学校位于两 家商店之间。 3. twice [ twais ] c: 次 twice 两次,两倍 I have been to Le Shan twice. 我去过乐山两次。 4. twin [twin] in, 在里面;twin, 两个同时在母亲体内出生的,双胞胎 It?s hard to tell the twins from each other. 要分别开这对双胞胎很难。 另类阅读: There are two differences between the twelve-year-old twins. You can?t find such a case twice among those twenty teenagers. 5. angry anger annoy hungry hunger starve starvation thirst thirsty drown 记忆: 1. anger 音“俺个儿”anger, 趣味联想:俺个儿?俺个儿怎么啦?以貌取人,真令人生气! n. 生气, 气愤 Do you know what caused his anger? 你知道使他生气的是什么吗? 2. angry adj. 生气的, 气愤的 Don?t be angry with me. It?s not my fault. 别生我的气, 那不是我的错。 3. annoy To cause slight irritation to (another) by troublesome, often repeated acts an-noy an 表示否定

“不” ,noy,音“乐意” ,annoy, 不乐意,要生气, vt. 使??生气 Don?t trouble him too often, or he will be annoyed. 别过于频繁地打扰他,他会不高兴的。 4. hunger hung-er hung, hang 的过去分词,被吊起来了,er,发音“饿” ,hunger, 被吊起来,饿了, 也没办法, n. 饥饿 Millions of people still suffer from hunger in the world. 世上仍有数百万的人还 在挨饿。 5. hungry adj. 饥饿的 When hungry, the tiger will attack any animal it sees.老虎饥饿的时候会攻击它 见到的任何动物。 6. starve s, 音“食” ,star, 星;ve, 音“无” ,starve, 连零星的食物也没有,vi. 挨饿 Some people in Africa starved to death last century. 上世纪在非洲一些人饿死了。 7. 加名词后缀-ation: starvation n. 挨饿,饿死 The world is trying its best to get rid of starvation. 世人正 尽力消除饥饿。 8. thirst th 音“水” 发音似“啊” 音“水” ;ir ;s ,thirst, 水啊水,呼唤水是因为口渴 n. 口渴 There is possibility that people die of thirst in desert. 沙漠里人有渴死的可能。 9. thirsty adj. 口渴的 Take some water with you in case you are thirsty. 带一些水去以防口渴。 10. drown [ draun ] dro, drop, 掉;w, 联想 water, 水;n, 音“内” ;drown, 掉在水里,淹 v. 淹死 He was luck to escape being drowned in the flood. 他幸运地逃离了那场洪水 另类阅读: We are angry that the black were hungry and that many of them starved to death. We can?t control the angry that they were always thirsty while the masters were drowned in wine! 6. another other others else 记忆: 1. other: 其他的,别的(可在名次前)What other food would like to order? 格言: Tomorrow is another day. 明天又是一个全新的开始。 2. an, 一; another, 一个其它的, 另一个; 三者以上的另一个, ( 后一般接单署名次) I want to see another doctor. 我想见另一个医生。 3. others, 其他的,别的, (后不接名词) We need to help others in need. 我们要帮助需要帮助的人。 4. else, 其他的, 别的 (常在 what、 something 等疑问词或不定代词之后) Who else can you depend on but me? 除了我, 你还能停靠什么人? I have another question: who else can help clean the other rooms? 我还有一个问题:别的还有谁能帮助清洁其它的房间? 另类阅读: He is ready to help others, so other students like him. Even students from another class like him too. Who else can be so popular in the school? 轻松一刻: A man was buying his wife an insurance policy. After signing the policy, he asked the assistant, " If my wife dies tonight, how much can I get?" The assistant answered, " Maybe twenty years' imprisonment, sir!" 第四天 1. animal animation animate animated beast claw zoo zoology botany botanical 记忆: 1. animal anima-表示有生命, 动的; ;animal n. 动物 To love animals is to love ourselves. 爱动物就 是爱我们自己。 2. animation n.活泼, 有生气, 动画片 His class is full of animation. 他的课堂气氛活泼。 3. animate v.鼓舞 adj.生气勃勃的 A little wine can animate him a lot. 喝一点酒他就会生气勃勃。 4. animated adj. 活生生的, 活泼的, 动的, 愉快的 Nearly all children are fond of animated cartoons. 几乎所有的孩子都喜欢动画片。

5. beast b: bear, 熊,east, 东方;beast [ bi:st ] 东方有熊,有野兽 While in forest , you must be careful of beasts. 在森林里你要小心野兽。 6. claw n.爪, 脚爪 The cat catches the rat with its claws. 猫用爪抓其老鼠。 7. zoo [ zu: ] 有 200 多头动物可组建动物园: 动物园 The zoo is where children often like to go. 动物园 是孩子常想去的地方。 8. –ology 表示学问:zoology n. 动物学 His father is an expert in zoology. 他父亲是动物学专家。 9. plant n. 植物 vt.种植 We plant different kinds of plants every year. 我们每年种不同的植物。 10. botany bo, 音“不”tan, 音似“动” botany, 不动的,植物是不能自己动的。 n. 植物学 We are interested in botany. 我们对植物学感兴趣。 11. botanical adj. 植物的 botanical garden 植物园 Animals are often the heroes of the animated cartoons. In the animation, even the beasts outside zoos like tigers, lions and so on are all humanized. Sometimes plants can think and talk too. How wonderful they are! 2. answer reply ask question request 记忆: 1. answer vt. 回答,答复,接(电话)Can you answer the phone for me? 你能帮我接一下电话吗? 2. re-, reply vt. 回答(reply to something)I?ve received no reply from him. 我还没有收到他的回复。 3. ask vt. 问, 请求 May I ask for a favour? 你能帮我一下忙吗? ask sb sth 问某人某事 ask sb whask sb for sth 向某人要某物 ask sb to do sth 请某人做某事 4. quest, question n. 问题 vt. 提问,询问 The police questioned him carefully. 警察仔细盘问了 他。 5. request To express a desire for; ask for, n. & vt. 请求 He was unwilling to refuse her request. 他不愿 拒绝她的请求。 另类阅读: The reply to the father?s letter said that the teacher was angry because the boy asked a question that his teacher couldn?t answer while he repeatedly requested an answer. 3. any anything anyone anybody anywhere anyhow anyway 记忆: 1. anywhere adv. 任何地方 I can?t find it anywhere. 我到处都找不到它。 2. anyhow adv. 无论如何, 总之 I think they're asleep; anyhow, they're quiet. 我想他们睡着了;总之,他 们很安静。 3. anyway adv. 无论如何, 总之 I don't know if it was lost or stolen; anyway, it's gone. 我不知道是掉了还 是被盗了,但无论如何,它不见了。 4. anything pron.任何事 You can take anything that is helpful with you. 你可以随身带上有用的东西。 5. anybody pron.任何人, 重要人物 Anybody is welcome who is open-minded. 欢迎任何思想开明的 人。 6. anyone pron.任何一个 I haven?t visited my friends in Chengdu so far. 我还没有去看望我在成都的朋 友们。 另类阅读: Anyhow, anyone is welcome if he has anything interesting to say. 4. appear disappear appearance disappearance seem 记忆: 1. pear 梨,梨形为上小下大,表示渐渐显露,加前缀 a(注意要双写辅音字母 p), 强调“出现” appear , vi. 出现, 好象(有假象的含义)It appears that the Tom appears in the classroom earlier than others. 好象汤 姆到教室比其他人都早。 2. 加否定前缀 dis-, disappear vi. 消失 SARS hasn?t disappeared completely, so we can?t relax ourselves. 非典还没有完全消失,因而我们不能掉以轻心。

3. 加名词后缀 ance: appearance n. 出现,出场,外貌 We can?t judge a person by his appearance. 我们 以貌取人。 格言: Appearances are deceptive. 人不可貌相。 4. disappearance n. 消失, 失踪 The sudden disappearance of the boy worried the family a great deal. 男孩的 突然失踪使全家非常紧张。 5. see 看见,seem vi. 好象(有一定依据的推断) It seems that a rain is coming. 好象要下雨了。 另类阅读: When the sun appears, the moon will disappear. It seems that the appearance of the sun causes the disappearance of the moon. 5. apple apply applicant application reply supply 记忆: 1. apple n. 苹果 The apple is healthy food. 格言:An apple a day keeps the doctor away.一天一 个苹果,医生无话可说。 2. 词根 ply 表示“放” apply 放下去,应用;申请 I decide to apply for the job. 我决定申请那份工 , 作。 3. applicant n.申请者, 请求者 The manager will meet all the applicants. 经理将会见所有的申请者。 4. 加名词后缀-ation, application 应用, 申请书 I am sure it will have a wide application. 我肯定它会有广 阔的应用前景。 5. re-, 回去, reply 放回去,回答,答复 I replied that I was unable to help them. 我回答说我不能帮 助他们 6. sup-, 下面,supply 放在下面,提供,供给 China is trying to find more oil supply. 中国正在寻求更 多的石油供应渠道。 另类阅读: The applicant applying for the job handed in her application replying to all the questions. The employer found her competent for the job supplying apples to the families around. 6. April January February March May June July August September October November December 记忆: 1. Jan, 联想 Japan, 日本,太阳初起之意,最早;January 最早的月,一月。 2. f, 联想花草,February 花草初长的时候,二月 3. 联想有名的植树节:March12, 在三月, March 三月 4. April Fool 愚人节在四月, April 四月 5. 有句话叫“大战红五月” 说明五月很忙“Mang”,高三学生尤其如此, May 五月 , 6. 对高三学生而言,June 可是终生难忘的,决战高考就(Ju)在六月!June 六月。 7. 大学通知书七月就来(July 的读音)July 七月 8. 七月得到通知书后,接下来就让人仰慕(august, 尊严的; 庄严的), August 八月 9. sep, 联想 separate 分离, 九月份要离开父母朋友去读书, September 九月 10. 国庆大假也说可回来一趟,October 十月。 11. 十一月了,北风萧萧,树上已没有(no)绿叶, November 十一月。 12. de, 音“底” 十二月,为年底了, December 十二月。 , 另类阅读: A new year begins in January; the Spring Festival comes in February; we often plant trees in March; but don?t be a fool in April. Anything is possible in May, We will smile in June. You can fly in July and enjoy your trip into August. The teachers are happy in September, and there are national celebrations in October. There are no leaves in November while the end comes in December. 轻松一刻: In the bus a man found a thief was picking his pocket, and he said, " My dear, your are too late! Though I got

my salary today, my wife picked it much more quickly than you!" 第五天 air force troop weapon

1. arm arms army disarm alarm navy 记忆: 1. arm n. 手臂 The mother took the baby in her arms. 母亲怀抱着她的宝贝。 2. arms n. 手臂为强有力的地方,arms, 强有力的东西, 武器。Power comes from arms. 枪杆子里面 出政权 3. army n. 强有力的单位,军队 We need a strong army to defend the country. 我们需要一只强大的军 队来保卫祖国。 4. dis- 为否定前缀, disarm vt. 解除武装 No one is willing to disarm himself when some threat exists. 当威胁没有消除时,谁也不愿解除自己的武装。 5. al, 全,alarm n. 全副武装,警惕,警报 Hearing the fire alarm, get out of the house quickly but in a certain order. 听到火警时,迅速而有序地离开房子。 6. na-, 航行, navy n. 海军 A modern navy will defend our seas. 一只现代化的海军会保卫我们的领 海。 7. force n. & vt. 力量,武力;air force, 空中武力,空军 The former Iraqi government had no qualified air forces so that it had no control in the air when the war broke out. 前伊拉克政权没有合格的空军,战 争一开始它就失去了制空权。 8. troop tr-oop tr-, 拖拉; 表示一个接一个地到了最后, oop troop, n. 一大群人, 部队 Look! A troop of ants are moving in a line! 看!一大群蚂蚁正排队迁移。 9. weapon w. 武, n. 武器 The more nuclear weapons there are, the more dangerous the world will be. 核 武器越多,世界越危险。 另类阅读: Every arm is full of arms in any American army, navy and air force while it demands other countries to disarm their army. It may attack anyone without alarm. 2. arrive (at/in) arrival get (to) reach destination 记忆: 1. arrive vi. 到达 I will arrive in Chengdu tomorrow. 我明天到达成都。 arrive in 到达(大地方)arrive at 到达(小地方,单位) 2. 加名词后缀-al, arrival n. 到达。On my arrival, I will call you. 我一到就给你打电话。 3. reach n.延伸, 范围, v.到达, 达到, 伸出, 影响 He reached Chengdu two days before me. 他比我早两 天到成都。 out of reach 够不着 reach for 伸手去拿 4. destination de-s-tin-ation 音 “的确是盯着” 的地方,n.目的地 When you get to your destination, please inform me. 你到达目的地时请通知我一声。 5. destiny 人生的最终地方, n. 命运, 定数 Can we decide our destiny? 我们能决定我们自己的命 运吗? 另类阅读: On his arrival he reached the apple, which he soon found was out of his reach. He got to the sitting room and waited until his mother arrived. Maybe it?s his destiny to depend on his mother. 3. attention attend attentive intend intention extend extensive pretend absent-minded notice 记忆: 1. 词根 tend 表示 “倾向, 伸张” attend vt. 走过去出席, , 参加, 照顾 I will attend an important meeting tomorrow. 我明天要出席一个重要的会议。 2. 加名词后缀-ion, attention n. 心思在那里,注意,注意力 You need to pay attention to your pronunciation. 你需要注意你的发音。

3. 加形容词后缀-ive, attentive adj.专心的 We should be attentive in class. 课堂上我们要专心一点。 4. in 表示在里面, intend vt. 心思向里面伸张, 即有此打算, 想要 He intended to set up a company of his own. 他打算建立一家自己的公司。 5. 加名词后缀-ion, intention n. 打算,意图 His intention is obvious. 他的意图很明显。 6. 前缀 ex-表示“向外” extend 向外伸张,v.扩充, 延伸, 伸展, 扩大 With economy growing, the , country plans to extend. 随着经济的发展,这个国家想要扩展。 7. 加形容词后缀-ive, extensive adj. 扩展的, 延伸的 We need to do some extensive reading. 我们需要一 些泛读练习。 8. 加前缀 pre-事先,pretend vi. 假装 How could you pretend that you had never met me before ? 你怎 能假装以前没见过我? 9. absent-minded adj.心不在焉的 As you were absent-minded, it?s no wonder that you know nothing about the speech. 你心不在焉的,难怪你对讲演一无所知。 10. notice vt. & n. 注意到 (强调结果)通知 , (书面) took no notice of the notice on the blackboard. 他 He 没有注意到黑板上的通知。 另类阅读: The teacher noticed Tom absent-minded in class, and intended to call his attention, “ Tom, please pay attention to what I will do.” Tom had no intention to follow his teacher, but he had to pretend to be attentive in class. 4. aunt auntie uncle father mother brother sister husband wife housewife son daughter niece nephew cousin 记忆: 1. aunt a, 阿, aunt, n. 阿姨 2. auntie n. 阿姨(小儿呼语) 3. uncle 知道 The Cabin Of Uncle Tom 一书的人就知道 uncle n. 叔叔 4. husband hus-band 音“胡子伴” ,有胡子的伴侣, n. 丈夫 5. wife n.妻子 6. housewife n.主妇, 家庭主妇 7. 东西方一样,儿子象太阳(sun) 8. 西方也轻女,女儿是多余(dau, 音“多” ,还有不发音的 gh, 好象是强调多余)daughter n. 女儿 9. nephew n. 侄儿 10. niece n. 侄女 11. cousin 最能干,堂兄堂弟表兄表弟堂姐堂妹表姐表妹一个担。 另类阅读: How could such a baby know father?s mother is not grandpa but grandma and that mother?s sister is not uncle but aunt and aunt?s son is not nephew but cousin? 5, autumn automobile automation fall spring summer winter 记忆: 1, autu 为 auto 的变体,自动的,mn 为两个开口向下的字母,表示下落,autumn 树叶自动落下的 时节为秋天(英)Leaves fall in autumn. 秋天叶落。 2, mobile 移动的, automobile, 自动移动的, (不用马拉) 汽车 Automobiles make the world much smaller. 汽车使这世界变小了。 3. automation n.自动控制, 自动操作. Computers help the development of automation. 电脑推动了自动 化的发展。 4, automatic adj.自动的, 无意识的 Modern factories are equipped with automatic systems. 现代化的工 厂装备有自动化系统。 5, autonomous adj.自治的 Tibet is an autonomous region. 西藏是个自治区。

6, fall 落下,树叶自动落下的时节为秋天(美) 7, spring 春是万物破土复苏的时节, spring, S, 是, 破土, p, ring,铃响 (提醒万物该复苏了) Every thing begins to grow in spring. 春天里万物开始生长。 8, sun 太阳,夏天太阳炎热,summer, 夏 Summer is the hottest season of a year. 夏天是一年中最热的季 节。 9, win, 胜了, 是在秋后算账时, winter 秋后的时节, 冬天 When winter comes, will spring be far away? 冬 天来的时候,春天还远吗? 另类阅读: Farmers are busy People. They sow seeds in spring which grows well in summer. In autumn, farmers begin to harvest the rice that is carried to the cities with automobiles. Even in winter, farmers have to make preparations for the next year. 6. bake bakery baking freezing bread loaf 记忆: 1. bake 音似“焙烤”, v. 烘焙, 烤 Bread is baked in this way. 面包是这样烤的。 2. 加名词后缀-er, baker n.面包师, 面包工人, <美>(便携式)烘炉 It?s a baker?s job to bake good bread. 烤出好面包是面包师的工作。 3. 加名词后缀-ry, bakery n.面包店 The bakery can offer you fresh bread. 面包房提供有新鲜面包。 4. 加形容词后缀-ing, baking adj. 灼热的 In baking summer even a paper fan can help a lot. 在酷热的 夏天一把纸扇也很有作用。 5. 对比: freeze 结冰,freezing adj. 冰冷的 The metal pipe is freezing cold in winter. 冬天里金属管道 冰冷彻骨。 6. bread n. 面包 (烤出来的) 7. loaf n. 一块面包 He can eat up five loaves of bread at a time. 他一次能吃五块面包。 另类阅读: They bake thousands of loaves of bread in their bakery every day whether it is a baking hot or freezing cold day. 轻松一刻 “If the headmaster doesn?t take back what he said to me this morning,I am going to leave the school. ” “What did he say?” “He told me to leave the school.” 第六天 1. back background backbone backwards forwards toward eastwards westwards northward southwards upwards downwards award afterwards ward 记忆: 1. back n. & adv. 背,后;向后 Don?t go back home too late. 不要回家太晚。 2. ground n. 地面;background, 背后的地面,背景 I?ll introduce the background of the story to you. 我为大家介绍一下故事的背景。 3. bone n. 骨头;backbone 背后的骨骼,脊椎 In fact our backbones are not straight. 实际上我 们的脊柱不是直的。 a lazy bone, 懒骨头,懒汉 4. 表示方向的 wards 副词后缀:backwards adv. 向后 5. forwards adv. 向前 6. towards adv. 朝着 7. eastwards adv. 向东 8. westwards adv. 向西 9. northwards adv. 向北 10. southwards adv. 向南

upwards adv. 向上 downwards adv. 向下 inwards adv. 向里 outwards adv. 向外 afterwards adv. 后来 award a, 一,第一,award n. 向第一的,奖励 The award will be given to the first. 第一名将获 奖。 另类阅读: No matter you go northwards, southwards, eastwards or westwards, you will get the award on condition that you go forwards upwards instead of backwards or downward. Afterwards, you will find your backbone more straight against the background. 2. bad badly pretty bed bedroom dormitory bedclothes beddings bedtime pillow 记忆: 1. bad adj. 坏的,糟糕的 2. –ly 副词后缀:badly adv. 糟糕地,非常地 We need your help badly. 我们非常需要你的帮助。 3. pretty adj. 美丽的 adv. 非常地,相当地 The house is pretty beautiful. 这房子很美。 4. bed n. 床 in bed 卧床 5. bedroom n. 放床的房间,卧室 6. dormitory dor-m-it-ory dor, door, 门;m, 梦;it,它;后缀-ory 表示地方;dormitory 门内,梦 到它的地方,是宿室, n. 宿室 Usually eight students live in a dormitory. 通常一间寝室住八个 人。 7. clothes 衣物;bedclothes n. 床上用品,被褥 Prepare some bedclothes in case it is cold at midnight. 准备好一些被子以防半夜天冷。 8. bedding n. 被褥 He runs a shop for bedding. 他经营着一家床上用品商店。 9. bedtime n. 上床时间,就寝时间 It?s bedtime. Let?s turn off the light. 到就寝时间了。我们关灯 吧。 10. pillow pill-ow n. 枕头 It?s said that this kind of pillow can help cure some brain disease. 据说 这种枕头有助于治疗某种脑病。 另类阅读: At the bedtime, he felt pretty bad. There is no pillow and bedclothes on the bed. How could he get a good sleep which he needed badly? 3, bag baggage luggage big beg beggar bug 记忆: 1. bag 音似“包” ,n. 包,书包 2. 加后缀-age, baggage [ ??????? ] n. 行李, (行李多为装在包里) (英) 3. luggage, lug, 音似“拉” ,现在很多人的行李是可以托拉着走的,luggage n. 行李(美) 4. big adj. 大的 5. beg 音似“白给”乞讨的东西当然人家是白给的,beg, vt. 乞讨,乞求 I beg your pardon?请你再说 一遍,好吗? 6. 加名词后缀-ar, beggar n. 乞丐 Not every beggar is worthy of pity. 不是每个乞丐都值得同情。 格 言:Idleness is the key of beggary.懒惰出乞丐。 7. bug, u 联想一条弯曲的虫子,bug n. 虫子,漏洞 It?s awful to find bugs in the hair. 头发里有虫子 真讨厌。 另类阅读: An English man begged an American porter to help with his baggage, which was a big bag full of bugs, but the American said he wouldn?t like to help with luggage of bugs. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16.

4, ball balloon hall basketball (basket) baseball volleyball football soccer rugby badminton dance ballet sing song 记忆: 1. ball n. 球,舞会 Don?t take the ball to the ball in the hall. 别把球带到大厅里举行的舞会上去。 2. balloon oo 联想气球形状,n 联想系气球的线;balloon n. 气球 Some advertisements hang from the huge colorful balloons at the ceremony. 开幕式上巨型彩色气球下挂着一些广告。 3. hall h 联想大厅的支柱, hall, n. 大厅 A lot of important conferences have been held in the People?s Hall. 人民大会堂里举行过很多重要的会议。 4. basket 篮子;basketball, n. 篮球 I used to play basketball a lot in the afternoon. 我过去经常在下午 打篮球。 5. base 基地;baseball n.棒球, 棒球运动 Baseball is not popular here. 这儿并不流行棒球。 6. volleyball n.排球 When can Chinese volleyball be outstanding again? 中国排球何时再现辉煌? 7. football n.足球 Every Chinese sighs at the mention of Chinese man football. 一提到中国男子足球, 每个中国人都会叹口气。 8. soccer n. 英式足球 Soccer is popular in Britain. 足球在英国很受欢迎。 9. rugby n. 橄榄球 (亦作: Rugby football) 10. badminton n. 羽毛球 We are proud of Chinese badminton teams. 我们为中国羽毛球队感到骄傲。 11. dance n. & vi. 跳舞,舞会 Dance helps keep fit. 跳舞有助于保持健康。 12. ballet 音“芭蕾” n. 芭蕾舞 To perform ballet, you need to get special training. 要表演芭蕾,你 , 需要接受特殊训练。 13. sing 音似“声” v. 唱歌 14. song n. 歌曲 另类阅读: How happy they are! Some are singing songs in the hall, some are dancing ballet in the ball, some are playing basketball, volleyball, badminton or football, and some are playing with colorful balloons. 5. banana tomato potato pineapple 记忆:注意拼写字母的对称性: 1. banana n.香蕉 anana, 以中间的 a 对称 2. tomato n. 西红柿, 以中间的 ma 对称 3. potato n. 马铃薯,otato, 以中间的 a 对称 4. pineapple n.凤梨, 菠萝 另类阅读: A monkey heard yellow bananas were delicious, so he wanted to have some. When he saw red tomatoes, he just passed by. Soon he found something yellow: pineapples and potatoes. He thought they were bananas, and took a big bite at them. To his surprise, the potatoes are not delicious at all while the pineapples hurt his mouth! 6. bank banker bankrupt ban abandon 记忆: 1. b, 音“不” an, 一个;ban 一个都不 n. 禁止,禁令 There is a ban on drinking under the age of 18. , 有条禁令不许十八岁以下的人喝酒。 2. k, 音 “开” bank 禁止开裂, , 水不能流走,n. 河岸; 钱不流失,n. 银行 A new bank has been opened by the bank of the river. 在河岸边一家新的银行开业了。 3. 加名词后缀-er, banker n.银行家 Bankers play an import part in the national finance. 银行家在国家金 融方面起着重要作用。 4. a, 一; ban, 禁止; do, 做; 继续; on, abandon 一件禁止做下去的事, 只好放弃。 When can you abandon smoking?你何时能戒烟? 5. rupt, 表示“破坏” bankrupt n. 破产 Bankrupt law is carried out to protect the national economy. 实 ,

施破产法,保护国民经济。 另类阅读: A banker jumped into the river from the bank because of the complete bankrupt. 轻松一刻: A baby was crying all the night. The mother was afraid that it might disturb the neighbour, so she began to sing Cradle Song. After a while, the baby's cry was dying down, however, there came the neighbour's shouting, "Stopping singing! I prefer to hear the baby's crying!" 第七天 1. bath bathe bathrobe bathtub bus double-decker breath breathe breathless 记忆: 1. bath n. 洗澡 A bath can make you fresh again. 洗个澡你就会感到清爽。 2. bathe vi. 洗澡 It?s wonderful to bathe in the sea. 在大海里游泳太棒了。 3. robe, 衣物;bathrobe 浴衣 It?s not good manners to meet guests in a bathrobe.穿着浴衣会客不太礼 貌。 4. tub 盆;bathtub n.浴缸, 澡盆 In my opinion, a shower is much better than a bathtub. 我认为,淋 浴比盆浴好。 5. bus n. 公共汽车 We can go there by bus. 我们可以乘公交车到那儿去。 6. double-decker 双层汽车 A doubl-decker carries more passengers for the city. 双层车多装运乘客,有 利于城市交通。 7. breath n. 呼吸 After the race, he was quite out of breath. 比赛下来时他几乎喘不过气来。 hold one?s breath 屏住呼吸 out of breath 喘不过气 8. breathe n. 呼吸 I suggested he go out and breathe in some fresh air. 我建设他出去呼吸一下新鲜空 气。 9. breathless adj.无声息的, 喘不过气来的, 停止呼吸的, 死的 How comes the classroom is breathless at this moment?教室里此刻怎么毫无声息? 另类阅读: After getting the hotel by bus, Jerry thought he needed a bath. He went to the bathroom. While bathing, he found the thick vapour made his breath a bit difficult. He had to breathe hard. Fearing to become breathless, he put on his bathrobe quickly and left the bathroom. 2. beat hit strike buffet heat heated hot temperature fever cold cool warm warn 记忆: 1. eat 吃;beat 吃打,To strike repeatedly 打(强调反复性) ,击败,心跳 With the heart beating quickly, he was eager to beat his rival. 他心跳得很快,渴望能打败对手。 2. hit it, 它; hit,打在迁上面, 打 (强调打中了) To come into contact with forcefully 撞上 A stone , hit him on the head and he was hurried to the nearest hospital. 他头中了一块石头,被匆忙里送进了最 近的医院。 3. strike To hit sharply, as with the hand, the fist, or a weapon 重打, (钟)敲,擦(火柴) ,罢工 An terrible earthquake struck the area just after the clock struck twelve. 时钟刚打十二点,一场可怕的地 震摇撼了这个地区。 4. buffet To hit or beat, especially repeatedly or forcefully. v. 打击, 搏斗 Strong winds buffet the ship from time to time. 狂风时不时里搏打着航船。 5. heat h, 联想 hot, heat, n. & adj. 热,加热 We heated the water with the heat from some dry leaves. 我们用干树叶发出的热来热水。 6. 加形容词后缀-ed, heated adj. 热烈的 His suggestion is under heated discussion. 他的建设正在热

烈讨论之中。 7. temper 心情,脾气;temperature n.温度 I will take your temperature to see if you have caught a fever. 我要为你量量体温,看看你是否发烧。 8. fever f-ever 发,一直发热,fever, n. 发烧 Among some young people there some kind of fever one after another. 年轻人总有一个又一个的狂热举动。 9. cold n.冷,感冒 Be careful not to catch a cold in such cold weather. 在这样冷的天气里要当心感 冒。 10. cool adj. 凉的,酷的 Dressed in a strange way, he thought he must look very cool in others? eyes. 他穿着古怪,自以为在别人眼中很酷。 11. warm adj. 暖和的,温暖的 I felt quite warm when you gave me your warm hand.当你热情地帮助我 时,我感到特别温暖。 12. warn vt. 告诫,警告 I was warned not to follow the fashion. 我被告诫不要去追逐时尚。 另类阅读: It?s warned that no one could make a fire. With the heart beating fast, he stroke a match. The heat began to warm him. After all, a bad luck hit him, and he caught a bad cold. Taking his temperature, he knew he also had a fever, which was no cool at all! 3, beautiful beauty beautify ugly uglify 记忆: 1. beauty 音 “必优体” 必然是优美的人体或物体, n. 美丽, , 美人, 美景 Beauty has an attractive charm for everyone. 美对每个人都有迷人的魅力。 格言: Beauty is in the eye of the beholder. 美 不美,由人说。Goodness is better than beauty.善胜于美。 2. 加形容词后缀-ful, beautiful adj. 美丽的 It?s pleasant to live in beautiful surroundings. 生活在优美 的环境里是令人愉快的。 3. 加动词后缀-ify, beautify vt. 美化 We have been beautifying our schoolyard. 我们一直在美化我们的 校园。 4. ugly 音“啊,割裂” ,不协调的,adj. 丑的 Every man with an ugly heart doesn?t have an ugly face. 内心丑陋的人未必长相丑陋。 5. 加动词后缀-ify, uglify vt. 丑化 Some Americans are making every effort to uglify China. 一些美国 人总在设法丑化中国。 另类阅读: The beautiful girl wants to beautify herself. However, if improperly done, the beauty can be damaged and even become ugly. It uglifies her more than beautifies her! 4. because become before behind belong below beside between beyond 记忆: 1. cause 原因, because conj. 因为 Because of the heavy rain, we had to delay our trip. 雨很大,我 们不得不推迟行期。 2. come 来; become v. 来了, 成为 When did you become so hesitant? 你何时变得如此优柔寡断? 3. fore 前; before 在之前 4. hind [ haind ] 后;behind prep 在之后 5. long 长久;belong 长久是某人的, vi. 属于 Success belongs to those who have confidence. 成功 属于有自信心的人。 6. low 低;below prep 比??低, 低于 7. side 边;beside 在??旁边 8. tween 二;between prep. 在两者之间 9. yond 那边的;beyond prep 在那边,超越 The beauty there is beyond any words. 那儿的美难以言 表。

另类阅读: He became hopeless because it belonged to a house beside a farm behind a factory before a school between two shops below the TV tower beyond the river! 5. beef veal steak cattle cow cowboy ox bull milk silk 记忆: 1. b, 联想 bull [ bul ] 牛;beef [ bi:f ]从牛身上取下来的肉,n. 牛肉 2. veal [ vi:l ] The meat of a calf. n. 小牛肉 3. steak [ steik ] A slice of meat, typically beef, usually cut thick and across n.(供煎, 烤等的)肉, 鱼, 肉 片, 鱼片, 肉排, 牛排 4. cattle n.牛(复数词)Cattle are useful in the mountainous areas. 牛在山区很有用场。 5. cow [ kau ] n. 奶牛,母牛 6. cowboy n. 牛仔 7. ox n.(拉车、阉割了的)公牛(复数为 oxen)The cart was pulled by two oxen. 车是由两头牛拉 的。 8. bull [ bul ] n. 公牛(知道芝加哥公牛队的人肯定熟悉 bull: Chicago Bull)The Spanish like to fight bulls. 西班牙人喜欢斗牛。 9. milk [ milk ] n. 奶 vt. 挤奶 10. silk [ silk ] si, 音“丝”, silk n. 丝绸 另类阅读: We drink milk from cows and eat beef from cattle. In Spain people even like to fight against bulls with red silk 6. begin beginning beginner start end finish final confine complete completely compete competitor competition competence competent 记忆: 1. begin v. 开始 Well, let?s begin from the very beginning.好吧, 我们就从最初的地方开始吧。 begin to do sth begin doing sth begin sth begin with sth 以??开始 2. 加名词后缀-ing: beginning n. 开始 At the beginning I was too shy to speak in public. 开始时我胆 小,不敢在公共场合讲话。 3. 加名词后缀-er, beginner, n. 开始者,初学者 As a beginner, you need to be familiar with the rules here. 作为初学者,你应该熟悉这儿的规则。 4. start n.& v. 开始,出发 When can we start off for Xi?an? 我们什么时候出发到西安? 5. end [ end ] n.& v. 结束, 终止, 终点 He ended the story suddenly. 他突然地结束了那个故事。 格言: All good things must come to an end. 天下没有不散的宴席。 6. fin- 表示终极, finish fin-ish vt. 结束, (后接 doing 形式) can finish cooking in ten minutes. 完成 We 我们能在十分钟内作好饭菜。 7. final fin-al adj. 最后的 It?s Mr Li who has the final say. 李先生才具有最后的决定权。 8. confine con-fine 在终点了,即受限了;confine, vt. 限制 Please confine your speech to the topic at hand. 请把你的演讲限制在手边的话题内。 7. complete com-plete vt. 完成 (复杂的、 较难的工程计划等) adj. 完全的, ; 彻底的 The book will be completed within two months. 那本书两个月人完稿。 8. 加副词后缀-ly: completely adv. 完全地, 彻底地 Sorry, but you are completely wrong. 很抱歉, 你完 全错了。 9. compete com-pete com-, 一起;pete,音似“比” compete, 在一起竞争,比赛 How many people ; competed in the 1500-meter race? 多少人参加了 1500 米比赛? 10, 加后缀-or: competitor n. 竞争者,竞赛者 No competitor, no excitement.没有竞争对手,就没有令人 兴奋的时候。 11. 加名词后缀-ition: competition n. 竞争,竞赛 We are supposed to prepare ourselves for future

competitions. 我们应当为未来的竞争做好准备。 12. 加名词后缀-ence: competence competence, 竞争的本事, n. 能力 You should employ the people with the necessary competence. 你应当雇用有相应能力的人。 13. competent adj. 能干的,胜任的。He is competent for the task.他胜任这件工作。 另类阅读: A beginner should begin at his very beginning and never end halfway, and then he can complete his task completely as well as have a chance to win the competition when competing in the modern society. 轻松一刻 Professor.“A fool can ask more questions than a wise man can answer. : ” Student.“No wonder so many of us fail in our exams! : ” 第八天 1. believe unbelievable belief trust faith doubt doubtful suspect skeptical 记忆: 1. believe vt. 相信 I believe that you can believe in yourself. 我相信你会有自信的。 believe sb 相信 某人的话 believe in sb 信任某人 believe sb to be 相信某人是 believe that 2. 加否定前缀 un-和形容词后缀-able: unbelievable adj. 难以相信的 The news he brought us was unbelievable. 他带给我们的消息难以置信。 3. belief [ n. 信念,信仰 People live with some kind of belief. 人活着,就有某种信念。 4. trust n.& v. 信任,信赖 Thank you for your trust. I will do my best not to disappoint you. 谢谢你的 信任。我会尽力不让你失望的。 格言:Where there is no trust there is no love. 爱要信任。 5. faith Confident belief in the truth, value, or trustworthiness of a person, an idea, or a thing n.信任, 信念, 宗教信仰, 忠实 I have faith in him! 我相信他! 格言: Faith will move mountains. 精 诚所至,金石为开。 6. 加形容词后缀-ful: faithful adj.守信的, 忠实的, 详确的, 可靠的 He is a faithful friend. 他是个值 得信赖的朋友。 7. doubt [ daut ] 联想 double, 二, 不是唯一的, 不能确凿的, & v. 怀疑 I doubt whether he is fit for n. the job. 我怀疑他是否适合这工作。 8. 加形容词后缀-ful: doubtful adj. 怀疑的 He looked at me with a doubtful eye. 他用怀疑的眼光 看着我。 9. suspect To have doubts about; distrust vt. 怀疑 n.嫌疑犯 I suspect his motives. 我怀疑他的动 机。 10. skeptical Marked by or given to doubt adj. 怀疑性的,好怀疑的 I am skeptical of his explanation. 我不相信他的解释。 另类阅读: Some people have a faith in Chen Shuipian?s unbelievable belief, but more people are doubtful about it. The international world also suspects his plan. 2. bell sell tell cell cellar well fell spell belly 记忆: 1. b, 联想上课铃的形状, bell [ bel ] n. 铃,铃声 That?s the bell. Let?s go into the classroom. 铃声响 了,我们进教室吧。 2. s, 音“售”, sell [ sel ] vt. 销售,卖 More and more people make money by selling service. 越来越多的 人靠销售服务来挣钱。 3. t. 联想 talk 讲;tell, vt. 告诉 He never tells lies to father. 他从不对父亲撒谎。 tell sb sth tell sth to sb tell sb that tell sb (how) to do sth tell the difference between A and B tell a story/ joke tell A from B 区别 4. cell [ sel ] n. 单人牢房, 单人小室, 小蜂窝, 蜂房, 细胞 Confined in the cell, he had no freedom. 他

身陷囹圄,毫无自由。 5. cellar n.地窖, 地下室, 酒窖 Some cellars in Wuliangye have become national treasure. 五粮液的一 些酒窖已成国宝。 6. w, 联想 water 水; well, 井, 好, 健康的 You will feel well after you drink the water from this well. 你 喝了这井的水后感觉会好的。 7. spell [ spel ] vt. 拼写 That you can speak fluently doesn?t mean that you can spell them correctly.你会 流利地说并不意味着你能准确地写。 8. belly n. 腹部, 胃 It?s common that officials have an outstanding belly. 当官的大腹便便并不令人奇 怪。 另类阅读: He used to sell bells well before he fell and hurt his cells of his mouth and belly. He couldn?t tell the customers his name so he had to spell it on a piece of paper. 3. bicycle circle semicircle circular circus circuit circulate circumstance cycle cyclist recycle motorcycle 记忆: 1. 词根 cycle 表示“圆” 前缀 bi-表示“二” bicycle : n. 两轮车,自行车,简写为 bike. Bicycles are green to the environment. 自行车有利于环保。 2. re-表示 “又“, recycle v. 再循环,回收利用 We should recycle the used things.我们应回收利用 旧东西。 3. tri-表示“三” ,tricycle n. 三轮车 4. uni-表示“一” ,unicycle n. 单轮脚踏车 5. motor 马达;motorcycle, n. 摩托车 6. circle n. 圆,盘旋 Look! A pigeon is circling over us! 看!一只鸽子在我们上空盘旋。 7. circular adj. 圆形的 They finally completed the circular building. 他们最后完成了那座圆形大楼的 建造。 8. semi -, 半 semicircle n. 半圆 9. circus n. 马戏团 (外出表演时常画圈表演) Monkeys and bears are often the leading actors in a circus. 马戏团里猴子和熊常常是主角。 10. circuit n.电路, 一圈, 周游, 巡回 The circuit of the chip is very complicated. 芯片的电路非常复杂。 11. circulate To move in or flow through a circle or circuit v.(使)流通, (使)运行, (使)循环 Blood circulates through the body. 血在全身循环。 12. circumstance n. 环境, 详情, 境况 We have to suit ourselves to the new circumstances. 我们得调 整自己以适应新的环境。 13. cycle n. 周期, 循环 vi.循环, 骑自行车 Have you studied your studying circle? 你研究过你的学 习周期吗? 14. cyclist n. 骑脚踏车的人 The boy wants to be a professional cyclist. 这男孩想成为职业自行车手。 另类阅读: Though the motorcycle runs faster, he prefers a bicycle to go to the circus to enjoy himself. He thinks it?s better for the environment. He also combines a bike with a bag so he can collect some wastes to recycle on his circular trip 4. billion million millionaire thousand hundred dozen score 记忆: 1. billion bill-ion 联想 Bill Gates, 世界亿万富翁;billion, 十亿 2. million mill-ion 百万 3. millionaire n. 百万富翁 Nowadays a millionaire is no longer an attraction in newspapers. 今天百万 富翁不再是报纸上的亮点。

4. thousand 千 Thousands of people went to the street to show their call for peace. 成千上万的人走上街 头呼唤和平。 5. hundred 百 6. dozen 音“打” 一打,十二 We brought home two dozen beer. 我们带了两打啤酒回家。 , 7. score sc 两个“十” 二十, 得分 He bought two score of apples yesterday.他昨天买了四十个 , 苹果。 另类阅读: Beer is sold by the dozen here. I want five score of bottle, but I have only one hundred yuan. If you can lend me one million, I can have thousands of yuan left. I could say billion, for it is impossible. 5. bird third thirty thirtieth thirsty thirteen 记忆: 1. bird n. 鸟,禽; bird flu 禽流感 格言:Every bird loves to hear himself sing.人人都爱 表现。 2. third three,三;third, 第三 3. 数词后缀–ty 表示十: thirty, 三十 4. thirtieth num.第三十, 三十分之一 5. thirsty adj.口渴的, 渴望的, 热望的 We are thirsty for more knowledge. 我们渴求更多的知识。 6. 数词后缀-teen 表示十几:thirteen 十三 另类阅读: Thirty thirsty birds flew away on the third day for water. 6. birthday birth birthplace born bear 记忆: 1. bear n. 熊 v. 负担, 忍受, 带给 I can?t bear the smell of the bear. 我不能忍受熊的气味。 2. born adj. 出生的,天生的 He is a born singer. 他是个天才歌手。 3. birth n. 出生 The mother panda gave birth to a .lovely little one yesterday. 昨天那只熊猫生了一只 可爱的小宝宝。 4. birthday n. 生日 Thanks a lot for the birthday present you sent me. 非常感谢你送我的生日礼物。 5. birthplace n. 诞生地 It?s natural that old people hope to visit their birthplace. 老人希望回到他们的 出生地看看是很自然的。 另类阅读: Birthday is the day when our mother gives birth to us. Our mother bears us for nearly ten month and then we are born in the birthplace. 轻松一刻 The champion athlete in bed with a cold was told that he had a temperature. “How high is it,Doctor?” he wanted to know. “A hundred and one. ” “What's the world's record?” 第九天 1.bit little few beat bite chew suck swallow 记忆: 1. bit [ bit ] n. 一点儿 a bit of water 一点水 not a bit 一点儿不 I can move on, for I?m not a bit tired. 我能继续走,我一点也不累。 2. little 少(接不可数名词) a little, 一点;a little water 一点水;not a little, 不只一点,很多 We ; have little water left. Besides, I am not a little tired. Let?s call it a day. 我们没有什么水了,再说,我很 累。今天到此为止吧。

3. few [ fju: ] 少(接可数名词) few 一些 I?m a stranger. I have few friends here. 我初来乍到,这 ,a 儿没什么朋友。 4. beat [ bi:t ] v. 打,心跳 Your father will beat you if you fail again. 你再不及格的话,你父亲会打 你的。 5. bite [ bait ] vt. 咬(bit, bitten)Some fish is biting! 有鱼咬饵了! 6. chew v. 咀嚼 It?s good for our stomach to chew the solid food.把固体食物咀烂有助于减轻胃的 负担。 7. suck s, 吮 v. 吸, 吮, 吸取 Babies like to suck their fingers. 婴儿喜欢吮吸他们的手指。 8. swallow vt. 吞咽 To remember the text is to swallow it. 背诵课文犹如吞咽食物。 格言: The water that bears boat is the same that swallows it up.水能载舟,亦能覆舟。 另类阅读: After walking so far, he was not a little tired. He wouldn?t like to go a bit. When he bit a few mouthfuls of apple and chewed some biscuit, he felt his heart beating stronger, so he struggled on. 2. black blackboard blackout blackish blacksmith black-market dark dusk dawn 记忆: 1. black n. & adj. 黑色 The dark night gave me a pair of black eyes, but I use them to look for brightness. 黑夜给了我一双黑色的眼睛,我却用它们寻找光明。 2. board 木板;blackboard n. 黑板 Our blackboard is different from a traditional one. 我们的黑板不 是传统的黑板。 3. out 熄灭; blackout n.灯火管制, (暂时的)眩晕, 中断 Blackout is necessary in some places short of power. 在某些缺电的地方有必要实行灯火管制。 4. 形容词后缀-ish, 表示“略带??的” ,blackish adj.带黑色的 He likes to wear blackish suit. 他 喜欢略带黑色的西装。 5. smith 工匠;blacksmith n. 铁匠 You may have your knife repaired by the blacksmith. 你可以找 那个铁匠把刀修理一下。 6. market 市场; black-market n. 黑市 Some people like to go to the black-market to search for treasures. 一些人喜欢到黑市去寻宝。 7. dark n.黑暗, 黄昏, 模糊 adj.黑暗的, 暗的 The room is dark at present, but not black. 现在房间 光线昏暗,但并非黑色。 8. dusk n. 薄暮, 黄昏 The sun is beautiful at dusk. 夕阳很美。 9. dawn n. 黎明, 拂晓, 破晓 A brand new day begins with dawn. 黎明开始了崭新的一天。 另类阅读: The black blacksmith is of course a blackie. He bought a blackish blackboard in the black-market at dawn, which he couldn?t use any more at dark. 3. blood bloody bleed flood flow float fly flight flu fluent fluency flee flash flashlight 记忆: 1. oo 联想血管,blood n. 血液 Blood is thicker than water. 血浓于水。 2. 加形容词后缀-y: bloody adj.血腥的, 嗜杀的, 有血的, <英>该死的, 非常的 The empire was built on the bloody killing and seizing. 这个帝国是建立在血腥的杀戮和掠夺上的。 3. bleed [ bli:d ] vi. 流血 With more wars started by the USA, the earth is bleeding more and more heavily. 随着美国发动的越来越多的战争,地球正不断地流血。 4. fl-表示流动,飘 flood n.洪水, 水灾, vt.淹没, 使泛滥, 充满 The local people used to suffer a lot from flood every year. 当地人过去年年遭受洪水灾害。 5. flow vi. 流动, 涌流 The water in the river nearby flows quickly. 附近的河里水流湍急。 6. float n. 漂流物 vi. 浮动, 飘浮 Have you noticed there is something floating on the river? 你注意到

河上飘浮着某种东西了吗? 7. fly [ flai ] n. 苍蝇, 两翼昆虫, 飞行 vi.飞翔, 飘扬 It?s disgusting to see flies flying around you. 看到 身边飞舞着苍蝇是令人恶心的。 8. flight [ flait ] n.飞行,飞机的航程, 班机, 楼梯的一段 Our flight has been canceled due to the storm. 由于暴雨,我们的航班取消了。 9. flu [ flu: ] n.流感 Be careful not to catch a flu. 当心流感! 10. fluent adj.流利的, 流畅的 I admire her for her fluent English. 我羡慕她流利的英语。 11. fluency n. 流利, 流畅, 雄辩 Her fluency impressed everyone present. 她流利的语言给在场的人留 下了深刻的印象。 12. flee [ fli: ] vt. 逃避, 逃跑 vi. 消散, 逃 How could you flee when the fire broke out? You were a fireman! 火灾发生的时候你怎能逃跑?你可是一个消防员! 13. flash vi. 闪烁 The lightning flashed across the night sky now and then. 时不时闪电划过夜空。 14. flashlight n.手电筒, 闪光灯 It?s convenient to carry a flashlight at night. 夜间带上手电筒很方便。 另类阅读: The blood bleeding from his wound made the head bloody. He tried to float in the flood, but it was flowing too fast like flying in a flight. 4. blouse house mouse shirt skirt apron 记忆: 1. blo, blow 吹,吹得起来的,宽松的,blouse n.宽松的上衣 The lady in a pink blouse is attractive. 那位穿着粉红衬衣的女士很迷人。 2. h, 联想房子的简画 house [ haus ] n. 房子 vt. 供住 The buildings here can house 2200 people. 这 儿的大楼可住 2200 人。 3. Mickey Mouse 是大家熟悉的米老鼠, mouse [ maus ] n. 鼠, 耗子(复数 mice) In life mice are doing harm to our grains while in cartoons they are often lovely. 生活中老鼠危害我们的粮食,而在动画片中 他们又常常很可爱。 4. shirt n. 衬衣 The man in a white shirt is handsome. 穿白衬衫的那个人很英俊。 5. skirt n. 裙子 K 联想象穿上裙子的女性形象。I think skirts can express femality better. 我认为裙子 更能体现女性美。 6. apron n. 围裙 Put on the apron when cooking. 做饭时要穿上围裙。 另类阅读: The lady with a black blouse and skirt selling men?s shirts is afraid of the mouse in her house. 5. blow flow slow show snow grow 记忆: 1. b, 联想鼓嘴吹气的样子,blow n.风吹, 吹气于 n. 突然的打击 I?m afraid the news will be a heavy blow for him.恐怕这消息对他来说是个打击。 2. fl-, 流动,flow vi. 流淌 3. s 联想绕弯的路,表示太慢,slow adj. & adv. 慢 The water here flows slow. 这儿的水流得很慢。 4. show “秀” & n. 表演,展示 ,v. 5. snow n. 雪,vi. 下雪 In my hometown it seldom snows. 我的家乡很少下雪。 6. grow v. 生长,种植 Remember we grow not grass but grain. 记住,我们种的不是草,而是粮食! 另类阅读: When the wind blows, it often snows. Yet when the grass grows, spring shows. Though a little slow, the river begins to flow. 6. blue red white pale yellow green gray(grey) brown purple pink colour colorful 记忆: 1. blue [ blu: ] adj. 蓝色的, 忧郁的, 沮丧的 What?s wrong? You look blue today. 怎么啦?你今天闷

闷不乐的。 2. red [ red ] n. 红色, 赤字, 亏空 adj. 红(色)的, 革命的 People worried as the budget was in red. 预算 赤字,人们担心。 3. white n. 白色, 蛋白, 白种人 Mr. White likes to dress in white. 怀特先生喜欢身着白色衣服。 4. pale [ peil ] adj. 苍白的, 暗淡的, 无力的 No one listens to him, for his voice is pale. 他的声音苍 白,没有人听他的。 5. yellow adj. 黄的 (心情, 脸色等)猜疑的, 妒忌的 [美]懦弱的, 卑怯的 He is too yellow to stand up and fight. 他太懦弱了,不会站起来反抗。 6. green adj. 绿色的, 未成熟的, 新鲜的, 精力旺盛的, 无经验的, 青春的 Sorry, but I?m a green hand here. 对不起,我是这儿的一名新手。 7. gray(grey) adj. 灰色的, 阴沉的 The gray sky will clear up. 阴沉的天空会晴朗开来。 8. brown [ braun ] adj. 褐色的, 棕色的 I have no appetite for the brown chocolate. 我对褐色的巧克力没 有胃口。 9. purple adj. 紫色的, 华而不实的 帝王的, 刺激的 Purple is mysterious in Chinese culture. 在中国文 化中,紫色是神秘的颜色。 10. pink adj. 粉红色的 She has passed the age for dressing in pink. 她已过了穿粉红色衣服的年龄。 11. color n. 颜色,v. 上色 Tom colored his fence white. 汤姆把栅栏涂成了白色。 12. 加形容词后缀-ful: colorful adj. 丰富多彩的 In order that you can live a colorful life, you need to change from time to time. 为了过上丰富多彩的生活,你时不时需要改变一下。 另类阅读: This is a really colorful world: snow white, seas blue; grass green, oranges yellow; ashes gray, eggplants purple; and blood red, soil brown. On the other hand, we should realize that there are still pale faces in the reality. 轻松一刻: One day, Xiao Ming went to the countryside to visit his friend. When he got to a small bridge, he saw a man with a dog which looked very fierce. He asked the man, " Will your dog attack people?" The man answered, " Fierce as my dog looks, it never attacks people." Xiao Ming felt relaxed and began to went through the bridge. Just then, the dog jumped and bit him bitterly. Xiao Ming turned very angry, " Didn't you say your dog never attacks?" he scolded the man. "Yes, but this dog is not mine." the man replied coldly. 第十天 1.board aboard broad abroad broadcast skateboard cupboard 记忆: 1. 联想 blackboard 黑板; board n. 木板 v. 上船 (飞机) will board Flight AO121 in ten minutes. 十 We 分钟后我们将登上 AO121 航班。 2. 加前缀 a-, aboard adv.& prep. 在船(飞机、 车)上, 上船(飞机、 车) A stewardess should smile to every passenger aboard. 空姐应微笑面对机上的每一个乘客。 3. 联想 road 路,broad 路向外延伸,adj. 宽阔 We have the broadest square in our province. 我们拥有省 里最宽阔的广场。 4. 加前缀 a-, abroad adv. 国外 It?s much easier to go abroad than before. 现在出国比以前容易多了。 5. cast 投,broadcast v. 广播 They are broadcasting the news about the disastrous war. 他们正在播出 这场灾难性战争的新闻。 6. skateboard n. 溜冰板 With a skateboard, you can skate on the street. 有了溜冰板,你可以在大街上 滑冰了。 7. cupboard n.食橱, 碗碟橱 格言: Every family has a skeleton in the cupboard.家家都有家丑。 另类阅读:

The man with broad shoulders boarded the plane to study broadcasting abroad. 2. boat paddle beat coat goat 记忆: 1. boat n. 船 v. 划船 Isn?t it romantic to go boating in a warm day? 在温和的天气里去划船不很浪 漫吗? 2. paddle n.短桨 vi.划桨 Sit still. I will paddle. 坐好,我要划桨了。 3. beat [ bi:t ] 打 (beat, beat, beaten) 4. coat c, 拼音“穿” 与穿有关,外衣 I bought a fine coat for 300 yuan. 我花了 300 元买了一件不 , 错的外衣。 5. goat n. 山羊 It?s easy to tell a goat from a sheep. 区别山羊和绵羊不难。 另类阅读: A goat in a coat beat a boat. 3. boil thermos oil oily petrol soil spoil 记忆: 1. oil 音“哦,油” n. 油,石油 vt. 给(机器等)加油 The washing machine needs oiling. 洗衣机需要 , 加点油。 2. 加形容词后缀-y: oily adj.油的, 油滑的, 油腔滑调的 Be careful. The road is oily. 小心!路滑! 3. b, 音联想沸腾时发出的声音, boil 沸腾,煮 We ought to drink more boiled water. 我们应该多喝 点开水。 4. s, 音联想“食” ,soil,给我们提供食物的肥沃地方,n. 土壤。Some plants can grow without soil.一些 植物不需要土壤也能生长。 格言: It is lost labour to sow where there is no soil.没有 土壤,播种也是徒劳。 5. sp,音“撕破” spoil vt.损坏, 搞糟, 宠坏, 溺爱 A child will be spoiled if you give him whatever he , asks for. 如果孩子要什么就给什么的话,他会被宠坏的。 6. the, 音“热” thermos 装热水的东西 n. 热水瓶 There is some hot water in the thermos. Just help , yourself when thirsty. 热水瓶里有热水,口渴的话请自便。 另类阅读: The oil begins to boil. I?m afraid it will spoil the soil. 4. book order buy purchase pay charge 记忆: 1. book [ buk ] n. 书, 书籍, 帐簿 v. 登记, 预订(ticket, room) Can you book a film ticket today? 你能订 一张今天的电影票吗? 2. order n. 次序, 秩序, 命令, 定购, 定单 vt.命令, 定购, 定制 May I take your order now? 请问你们 点了什么菜? 3. buy [ bai ] vt. 买 I only buy what is necessary rather than what is cheap. 我买东西看需要,而不是看便 宜。 4. purchase vt. 买, 购买 n. 买, 购买 The government made a large purchase last week. 上周政府 进行了大采购。 5. pay [ pei ] v. 付款,支付, n. 工资 I paid him two yuan for the direction.我给了他两元钱感谢他的 指点。 6. charge vt. 收费,要价,负责 The shopowner charged me 100 yuan for the shoes. 这鞋店主收了我一 百元。 另类阅读: He booked a room, ordered a wonderful meal and intended to buy an expensive tie for her father. When he went to pay, the hotel charged him 2000 dollars. 5. borrow tomorrow sorrow sad lend

记忆: 1. b, “不“, borrow 不是自己的, 借来的,vt. 借 May I borrow your bicycle? 我可以借用一下你的 自行车吗? 2. to 到,morrow 次日;tomorrow 到次日,明天 格言:Never deter till tomorrow that which you can do today.今日事须今日毕,切勿拖延到明天。 3. so 联想 sorry 或 sad ; sorrow n. 难过,悲伤 The sudden death of his beloved wife threw him in deep sorrow. 他深深爱恋的妻子突然去世,他悲痛万分。 4. sad adj. 难过的 All the nation were sad at the news. 全国人民听到这消息时都很悲伤。 5. lend [ lend ] vt. 借出,借给 He didn?t lend me his bicycle as he would use it soon. 他很快就要用自 行车,因此没有把它借给我。 另类阅读: Today Tony wanted to borrow ten dollars from Tom , who?d like to lend him the money if he could return it tomorrow. Tony was sad, full of sorrow. 6. both either neither all everyone none no one each 记忆: 1. both 两者都, 注意: both 与 not 连用在一句话中时表示部分否定: 并非两者都?? His parents are both teachers. 他父母都是教师。 2. either 两者之一,也不 -Would you like a cup of tea or coffee? – Either will do. 你来杯茶还是咖 啡?随便哪个都行。 He didn?t finish the homework in time, either. 他也没有及时完成作业。 3. neither 两者都不,没有一个 Neither of his eyes is sharp. 他的双眼都不敏锐。 4. all 全都。 注意: all 与 not 连用在一句话中时表示部分否定: 并非全都?? All that glitter are not gold. 并非所有的闪光的东西都是黄金。 5. everyone 每一个。注意:后有 of 时,要分开写:every one of us Every one of the teachers cares for everyone in our class.我们的每个老师都关心班上的每个学生。 6. none 一个都不 注意: 强调数量为零 (回答 How many, anyone, anybody) - How many people went to the zoo yesterday? - None. 昨天多少人去了动物园?一个都没有。 7. no one 没有一个。 注意回答 who 的问题,不能接 of。- Who went to the zoo yesterday? – No one. 谁 昨天去了动物园?没人去。 8. each 每个,可作副词使用。 They each got a gift at the party. 在晚会上他们每个人都得到了一份礼 物。 另类阅读: Everyone should tell either of his parents to come to the meeting. If neither of them comes, all the students must stay after school, and none of them can get home as usual. 轻松一刻 TEACHER: Didn't you promise to behave? STUDENT: Yes, Sir. TEACHER: And didn't I promise to punish you if you didn't? STUDENT: Yes, Sir, but since I broke my promise, I don't expect you to keep yours. 第十一天 1. bottle button battle campaign war conflict fighter soldier peace piece 记忆: 1. bottle n. 瓶子 vt. 用瓶装 It?s healthy to drink a bottle of water every day.每天喝一瓶水有利健康。 2. button n. 钮扣, 按钮 During the fight, two buttons were torn off his coat.打架时他衣服上的两颗钮 扣被扯下来了。 3. bat vt. 用球棒击球 battle 战斗 He batted the ball into the hole. 他把球打进了洞。 4. campaign n. 战役, (政治或商业性)活动, 竞选运动 Bush and Crey attacked each other in the election

campaign. 在竞选中布什和克里相互攻击。 5. war n. 战争 Generally speaking, a war is made up of several campaigns.一般说来,一场战争是由 几次战役组成的。 6. conflict n. 斗争, 冲突 vi. 抵触, 冲突 Can China avoid conflicts with other countries? 中国能够避 免和其它国家的冲突吗? 7. fight 打架,打仗 fighter n. 战士,战斗机 A fighter never fears a fight. 战士从不畏惧战斗。 8. soldier n. 士兵 American soldiers were sent to where they shouldn?t have gone.美国大兵被送到了 他们本来不该去的地方。 9. peace [ pi:s ] n. 和平 The world calls for peace, but the weapon producers urge wars. 世界需要和 平,但军火商挑起战争。 10. piece [ pi:s ] n. 块, 件, 片, 篇, 张, 条 The carpenter cut the wood into pieces. 那个木匠把木头砍 碎了。 另类阅读: The soldiers fight battle after battle in the campaign. They hope for peace, but they are not afraid of war. Even though they might have only a bottle of water left, they will press the button to blow the enemy off into pieces. 2. bowl bow bowling plate dish spoon pot pan kitchen 记忆: 1. bow [ bau ] w 联想弯弓 n.弓, 弓形, 鞠躬, 船首 v. 鞠躬, 弯腰 He never bows to his enemy. 他 从不向敌人低头。 2. bowl n. 碗(剖面也是弓形) He ate a bowl of rice silently in the corner.他在角落里默默地吃了一 碗饭。 3. bowling 音“保龄” n. 保龄球 He is fond of playing bowling. 他喜欢玩保龄球。 , 4. plate [ pleit ] 联想 plane,平的; plate, p,音 “盘” n. 盘子 , (盘子平坦的) You may place the sliced meat onto this plate. 你可以把肉片放在这盘子里。 5. dish di, 音“碟” ,dish, n. 碟子,菜肴 There is some sauce on the dish. 碟子里有些调料。 6. spoon sp 联想 soup 汤,spoon n. 汤匙 Here are some spoons for soup. 这儿有些汤匙。 7. pot n. 罐, 壶, 锅 Be careful of the hot pot. 小心,锅是烫的。 8. pan n. 平底锅(联想 plane, 平的)Mother cooked many pies with this pan. 母亲用这平底锅做了很多 饼。 9. kitchen n. 厨房 The kitchen is our cooking room. 厨房是我们做饭的地方。 另类阅读: How could he afford to play bowling as he has such a kitchen: a pot for cooking, a bowl for rice, a plate for vegetables, and a spoon for soup? His only meat was a bird he caught with his bow as a special dish. 3. box boxer boxing case briefcase chest breast stomach waist 记忆: 1. box n.盒子, 箱, v. 装...入盒中, 拳击 Put your pens away into your pencil-box after you use them. 用完以后,把钢笔收拾好放进文具盒里。 2. boxer n. 拳击手 Tyson is a world-famous boxer. 泰森是世界闻名的拳击手。 3. boxing n. 拳击 Boxing is not so popular as football in China. 拳击在中国没有足球那样受欢迎。 4. case [ keis ] n.事, 病例, 案例, 情形, 场合 In no case will the doctor abandon studying his cases. 医生决不能放弃对病例的研究。in case (of/that)万一 in that case 那样的话 in no case 决不 5. brief [ bri:f ] 简短的;briefcase n. 公文包 Putting the important papers into his briefcase, he hurried to the station. 他把重要文件放入公文包后就匆忙赶到了车站。 6. chest n 箱, 柜, 胸腔, 胸膛 In that case, you?d better have your chest examined by an expert.那样的话, 你最好找个专家检查一下你的胸膛。 7. breast [ brest ] n. 胸部 There is nothing wrong with his breast, to his relief. 他的胸部没有问题。他

松了口气。 8. stomach n. 胃, 胃口 I have no stomach for any meal these days.这些日子我不想吃什么东西。 9. waist [ weist ] n. 腰 Sometimes my waist hurts. 有时我的腰疼。 另类阅读: The famous boxer often took a briefcase as well as a chest filled with small boxes of drugs in case of his stomachache. 4. boy girl kid child childhood toy doll joy enjoy 记忆: 1. kid [ kid ] n.小孩, 哄骗, 开玩笑 v. 开玩笑, 欺骗 Stop kidding my kid, I warn you! 别骗我的孩 子,我警告你! 2. -hood 为表示"资格,身份, 年纪,状态“的后缀, childhood, 童年时代 We at times remember our stories in the childhood. 有时候我们想起一些童年往事。 3. toy 音似 “拖曳” 拖拉的东西, , 玩具 Why not run a toy shop? It may hit two birds with one stone: the children here may have things to play with while you can make some money. 干吗不开家玩具?那可是 一箭双雕的事:孩子有东西玩,而你又有钱赚。 4. joy adj. 快乐 His lively class is full of joy. 他生动的课堂充满欢乐。 5. 加动词前缀 en-, 使, enjoy vt. 使快乐, 喜欢(后面的动词要用 doing 形式), 拥有 We enjoyed visiting the village that enjoyed high ancient civilization. 我们参观了那个拥有高度古代文明的村庄。 6. doll n. 洋娃娃, 玩偶 At the sight of the doll, the girl let out lovely laughter. 小女孩一看到洋娃娃 就发出了可爱的笑声。 另类阅读: To our joy, a child can enjoy playing with toys in the childhood nowadays, whether it?s a boy or a girl. 5. brave bravery courage encourage discourage courageous inspire inspiration hero heroine heroin heroic heroically 记忆: 1. brave [ breiv ] adj. 勇敢的 It?s brave of her to fight against the thief. 她与贼搏斗,太勇敢了! 2. bravery n. 勇敢 The headmaster praised her for her bravery. 校长表扬了她的勇敢精神。 3. cour 表示“心” courage n. 勇气 The girl mustered up her courage to face the interview. 女孩鼓起 , 勇气接受面试。 4. 加动词前缀 en-,使, encourage vt. 鼓励 The news encouraged everyone present.那条消息鼓舞了在 场的每个人。 5. 加否定的动词前缀 dis-, 使??不;discourage vt. 使??沮丧,泄气 Never be discouraged when failure hits you.面对失败,决不要灰心。 6. 加形容词后缀-ous, 充满??的; courageous adj. 有勇气的, 勇敢的 It?s said that she is a courageous girl.据说她是个勇敢的女孩。 7. inspire in-spire vt. 鼓舞, 吸(气) 激发, 使生灵感 Inspired by the success, he determined to carry out another big project. 这次成功使他大受鼓舞,他决定实施另一项大型工程。 8. 加名词后缀-ation, inspiration n. 灵感 Inspiration is based on gradual accumulation. 日积月累是灵 感的基础。 9. hero n. 英雄, 男主角 Mr. Yang Liwei is known as an astronautic hero. 杨利伟先生被称作是航天 英雄。 10. 加形容词后缀-ic, heroic adj. 英雄的, 英勇的 He is honored for his heroic deeds.他因其英勇事迹而 受表彰。 11. 加副词后缀-ally, heroically adv. 英勇地 We have no choice but to face terrorism heroically no matter whether it is in the form of an individual, a group or a power state. 不管恐怖主义以什么形式出 现,个人形式,小组形式还是大国形式,我们别无选择,只能勇敢面对。

12. heroine hero-ine n.女英雄, 女主人公 Mostly the heroine of a movie is good-looking. 电影中的 女主角多数都很漂亮。 13. heroin n.海洛因, 吗啡 Keep far away from heroin! 远离海洛因! 另类阅读: Difficulty can not discourage a real hero or heroine but encourage them, for they are brave enough to face it. 7. bread picnic rice rise arise raise lift 记忆: 1. bread [ bred ] 面包(不可数名词) Who is the bread winner in your family? 你们谁挣钱养家? 2. picnic pic-, 联想 pick, 拾起,picnic, 拾起就吃的,野餐 Shall we have a picnic during the May Day holiday? 我们五一假中搞次野餐,如何? 3. rice [ rais ] c 拼音似“吃” 与吃有关的,米,稻 We mainly feed on rice. 我们主食大米。 , 4. rise [ raiz ] s, 拼音似“升” ,rise, To get up, as from a sitting or prone position 上升,起来(不及物 动词) The rising sun suggests a brand new day has come. 东升的太阳表明崭新的一天已经来临。 5. 加强调前缀 a-, arise vi.出现 To come into being; originate 形成;源自发生, 起因于 His smoking arose in his childhood. 他童年时开始吸烟。 6. raise vt.升起, 唤起, 提高, 饲养, 筹集 (rise 中有 a, 表示涉及到物体, 及物动词) the conference he At raised a suggestion that they raise some money to raise some rare animals. 他在会上提出了一个建议: 募些钱来养珍稀动物。 7. lift [ lift ] n. 举起, 电梯, 起重机, 搭车 vt. 举起(重物), vi. 升起, (指云雾等)消散 Standing in the lift, he wondered whether anyone would give him a lift on his trip to the town when the clouds lifted. 他站在电梯里想,云雾消散后他要进城,会不会有人让他搭趟便车。 另类阅读: Mary raised a suggestion of having a picnic at the weekend. As no objection arose, we rose early on the Saturday morning and brought some bread, rice, biscuit, sweats and so on with us and set off. On the way, we saw a truck went in our direction. We asked for a lift. The driver was very kind and offered to lift our bags onto the truck. 轻松一刻: A girl dated with her boyfriend. Though it was very cold, she didn't put on her overcoat deliberately, intending to give her boyfriend a chance to show his concern. The girl: How cold it is! I forgot to put on my overcoat. Her boyfriend did up his clothes and said: All right. All right. Luckily I remembered to. otherwise, I would be suffering terrible cold like you. 第十二天 1. break breakfast breakthrough lawbreaker 记忆: 1. break [ breik ] n. 休息, 破裂 n.打破, 违犯, 折断 You shouldn?t have broken your promise! 你不 应该违背诺言! 2. breakfast n. 早餐 What did you have for breakfast? 你早餐吃了什么? 3. breakthrough n. 突破 The breakthrough marked the beginning of a new era. 这个突破标志着一个新 时代的来临。 4. lawbreaker n. 犯法者 Any lawbreaker will be punished. 违法者必受惩处! 另类阅读: A lawbreaker wanted to make a breakthrough in his record. As a result, he broke his promise and didn?t have breakfast with his friend. 2. bridge ridge fridge refrigerator

记忆: 1. bridge n. 桥, 鼻梁, 桥牌 vt.架桥, 渡过 Syria said it would like to be a bridge between Africa and Europe. 叙利亚说它愿成为非洲和欧洲间的桥梁。 2. fridge fri, 联想 freeze,结冰 fridge 冰箱 全写:refrigerator With a fridge vegetables can stay fresh much longer. 有了冰箱,蔬菜就可以更久地保鲜了。 3. ridge n. 背脊, 山脊, 屋脊 Look! The ridge of that mountain looks like a dragon. 看! 那山脊看起 来就象一条龙。 另类阅读: There is a fridge near the bank of the river over which a new bridge was built. 3. bright clever wise wisdom smart brilliant 记忆: 1. bright adj. 明亮的, 辉煌的, 欢快的, 聪明的, 伶俐的 Now we can study in bright classrooms. 我们 现在能坐在明亮的教室里学习。 格言: Look on the bright side.看事情要看其亮点。 2. clever adj. 机灵的, 聪明的 What a clever boy! 多机灵的孩子! 3. wise adj. Having wisdom for what is true, right, or lasting 英明的, 明智的, 慎虑的 Abraham Lincoln was considered one of the wisest presidents in America. 亚伯拉翰?林肯被认为是美国最英明 的总统之一。 格言:No one is wise at all time. 智者千虑,必有一失。 4. 加名词后缀-dom n. 智慧 格言: Wisdom in the mind is better than money in the hand. 脑中有知识, 胜过手中有金钱。 Experience is the father of wisdom and memory the mother.经验是知识 之父,记忆是知识之母。 5. smart adj. quick in thought, movement.巧妙的, 聪明的, 漂亮的, 潇洒的 How smart he is! 他多潇 洒! 6. brilliant adj. 灿烂的, 闪耀的 Marked by unusual and impressive intellectual acuteness 有才气的 A brilliant boy played the piano for us on a brilliant day. 在阳光灿烂的一天, 一个富有才气的男孩为我们 演奏了钢琴。 另类阅读: Mr Brown is a wise man with great wisdom. His son is a clever boy with smart ideas. Both of them have a bright head and have become brilliant stars in our community. 4. band bandage bang belt tape cassette 记忆: 1. band 音似 “班的” 一班的, 团队, , n. 乐队, 带子 The musical band are putting on touring performances across the country. 那个乐队正在进行全国巡演。 2. bandage 音似“绑得紧” n. 绷带 Seeing the bandage over his head, the teacher realized that , something had happened. 老师看到他头上的绷带,意识到有事发生了。 3. bang 音似重击声, bang, v. 重击, 突然巨响 He banged the bag onto the floor, surprising everyone. 他把包重重地摔在地板上,大家都吃了一惊。 4. belt [ belt ] n. 带子, 地带 Fasten the safety belt before you start the car. 系好安全带再启动汽车。 5. tape [ teip, tep ] n. 带子, 带, 录音带, 磁带 Listen to tapes more and your English will be better, especially listening ability. 多听点磁带,你的英语会更好,尤其是你的听力。 6. cassette cass-ette cass, case, 盒子; -ette 表示 “小” cassette, n.盒子, 盒式磁带 Every classroom ; should be equipped with a cassette recorder. 每间教室都应配备一台盒式录音机。 另类阅读: Fasten the safety belt when driving. Otherwise, you may come back in bandages. Personally, I don?t think it necessary to go to the band. You can listen to their tapes 5. bring take fetch carry carriage cart car 记忆:

1. bring vt. 带来 Bring your crayon when you come tomorrow. 明天来的时候把蜡笔带来。 2. take [ teik ] vt. 带走 Take an umbrella in case it rains. 带上雨伞,以防下雨。 take a walk 散步 take the medicine 吃药 It takes sb. st to do sth. 做某事花了某人多少时间 take care of sb/sth 照顾 某人/某物 3. fetch vt. 去拿来 Would you please fetch me some water? Thanks. 请你帮我去拿点水来,好吗?多 谢。 4. carry vt. 运送,搬运 The bus can carry only thirty people. 这车只能装载三十个人。 5. 加后缀-age carriage n. 四轮马车,车厢 Our seats are in No. 10 carriage.我们的座位在十号车厢。 6. cart n. 大车, 手推车 His father used to transport goods with a cart for some shops.他父亲曾用手推车 为几家商店搬运货物。 7. car n. 小车 Cars are no longer for the upper class only now. 小车不再专为上流阶层拥有了。 另类阅读: I have no time to fetch the cart carried in a train carriage to the station. When you take your car there, would you like to help bring me the cart? 6. Britain British England English Scotland Scottish 记忆: 1. Britain 音“不列颠” ,不列颠岛,英国 2. 加后缀-ish, British adj. 英国的 3. England 音“英格兰” ,英格兰岛,英国 4. 加后缀-ish, English adj. 英格兰的,英国的 5. Scotland 音“苏格兰” ,苏格兰 6. Scots n.苏格兰人/语 adj.苏格兰的, 苏格兰人/语的 另类阅读: Don?t mistake the English for the British. In fact, the Britain is made up of England, Scotland and Wales, the Scottish would like to be called British rather than English. 轻松一刻: The five-year-old son came to his mother crying, "Sister pulled my hair!" Mother said, " Don't be angry, for your sister didn't know it hurt to pull the hair." A moment later, there came crying again, which was his sister's. The son came out of the room with great satisfaction, " Mum, now she knows it!" 第十三天 1. broom mop boom room space spacecraft spade 记忆; 1. b 不; room 房间, broom [ bru:m ] 不让房间脏的工具, n. 扫帚 Put the broom away after you sweep the floor. 扫完地后,请把扫帚收捡好。 2. mop 音似“抹布” ,n. 拖把 Mops can remove dust on the floor. 拖把可以清扫地板上的灰尘。 3. boom n. 繁荣, 隆隆声 v. 发隆隆声, 兴隆, 大事宣传 The sky is still booming. However, the storm is drawing to the end.天空还在隆隆作响,而这场暴雨已近尾声。 4. room n. 房间,空间 There is no room for you in my room. 我不欢迎你到我的房间里来。 make room for 为??让出地方 5. space n. 太空,空间 How I wish to travel in space! 我多希望能在天空旅游! 6. craft 飞行器;spacecraft n. 太空飞行器,飞船 China is improving its manned spacecraft. 中国正在 改进它的载人飞船。 7. spade n. 铲, 铁锹 You may dig a hole with a spade over there. 你可以用铲在在边撅个坑。 另类阅读: They sweep the room with a broom and remove the dust with a mop. The booms sound musical. The rubbish

is often buried in the hole dug with a spade. Sometimes it is taken to outer space in a spacecraft. 2. brush toothbrush rush rush hour dash run runner escape flee avoid 记忆: 1. brush n. 刷子,vt. 刷 He brushes his shoes every time he goes out 他每次出门都要刷一下鞋子。 2. toothbrush n. 牙刷 It?s suggested that our toothbrushes should be changed every month. 有人建议 我们一个月换一次牙刷。 3. rush 联想 run 跑,rush, v. & n. 奔跑,匆忙 There is no need for rush. The train won?t arrive until twelve. 没有必要慌张。火车十二点钟才到。 4. rush hour n. (上下班时车辆)高峰期 At the rush hour the road is often crowded. 在上下班高峰期 这条道路经常拥挤不堪。 5. dash v. & n. 短跑,奔驰 At the sound of the gun, every runner dashed for the final line. 枪声一响, 每个选手都向终点线冲刺。 6. runner n. 跑步的人,赛跑运动员 7. e, 表示向外,escape 向外跑,To break loose from confinement; get free v. 逃跑,逃避 The fire missed and the wolf escaped. 枪未打中,狼跑了。 8. flee fl, 飞,e, 向外,flee, To run away, as from trouble or danger v. 向外飞,逃 The prisoner fled from the house into the night. 囚犯从房子里逃了出来,消失在夜色中。 9. avoid To stay clear of vt. 避免 (后接 doing 形式) try to avoid meeting with such people. 我尽量不 I 和这样的人接触。 另类阅读: The runner brushed his teeth with a toothbrush in the rush hour and after escaping being held up in the traffic he rushed to buy the latest watch. Tomorrow he will take part in the 50-meter dash. 3. build building brick wall house bungalow skyscraper palace flat suite block construct construction body-building architect architecture 记忆: 1. build [ bild ] n. 建造, 建筑 n. 构造, 体格, 体形 We are building a strong country in a peaceful and win-win way. 我们正在以和平的、双赢的方式建议一个强大的国家。 2. 加名词后缀-ing, building n. 建筑物 No random building is allowed in a modern city. 在一个现代城 市不允许有胡乱的建筑。 3. brick n. 砖 When heated to a certain degree, the clay will turn into bricks. 加热到一定程度后, 粘土就 变成了砖。 4. wall n. 墙 A wall may mean separation from outside. 墙可能象征着与外界的隔离。 5. house n. 房子 Every civilian wants to have his own house. 每个平民都想拥有自己的房子。 6. bungalow A small house or cottage usually having a single story and sometimes an additional attic story n.(带走廊的)平房 Bungalows can be found in the countryside. 乡下能看到平房。 7. sky 天空; crape,擦;skyscraper 擦着天空的,n. 摩天大楼 Skyscrapers are grandiose as well as potentially dangerous. 摩天大楼既很壮观,但又潜藏着危险。 8. palace n. 宫殿 The children palace offers some art courses. 少年宫里开设有各种艺术课程。 9. flat adj. 平坦的, 扁平的 n. 平面, 公寓 We live in a flat in the school. 我们住在学校公寓里。 10. suite n. (一套)家具, 套房 He bought a second-hand suite near the bank. 他在河边买了一套二手 房。 11. block n. 块, 街区, vt. 妨碍, 阻塞 A huge block of stone blocked the highway yesterday. 昨天一块巨 石阻塞了公路。 12. construct vt. 建设,构建 We are constructing our hometown into a rich and beautiful place. 我们正把 我们的家乡建设成为一个富饶美丽的地方。 13. 加名词后缀-ion, construction n. 建设 The new spacious square is under construction. 新的宽阔的

广场正在修建之中。 14. body-building n. 健身 He often goes to the body-building center. 他常到健身中心去。 15. architect n. 建筑师 I think it is a wise decision to be an architect. 我认为他要做建筑师的决定是明 智的。 16. architecture n. 建筑, 建筑学 I will study architecture so that I can design modern buildings to make the city more charming. 我要学建筑,我要设计现代化的大楼,让这座城市更有魅力。 另类阅读: No brick, no wall; no wall, no flat; no flat, no block. Skyscrapers are the far higher buildings than common houses and palaces are the buildings designed mainly for kings and queen in the past, the construction of which costs too much. 4. burn fuel ash fire flame flaming fierce hurt harm injure injury wound ache pain 记忆: 1. burn v. 烧, 烧焦, 点(灯) n. 烧伤, 灼伤 The old wooden house was burnt down unexpectedly. 那 旧木房子意外地烧毁了。 格言:A burnt child dreads the fire. 一朝被蛇咬,十年怕井绳. 2. fuel u,音“油” ,n. 燃料 You can?t fuel the fire!你不能火上加油! 3. ash sh, 拼音“烧”ash, 烧尽后的灰烬 The ashes on the ground suggests there was a fire before. 地 上的灰表明那儿曾经生过火。 4. fire n. 火 vi.开枪, 射击, 解雇 Don?t make a fire in the office however cold it is. Otherwise, you will be fired. 无论多冷都不能在办公室内生火,否则你会被解雇的。 5. flame n. 火焰 Our hands will draw back the moment they touch a flame. 我们的手一接触到火就会 收回去。 6. flaming adj. 燃烧的, 热烈的, 火红的 The flaming sky is a kind of beauty. 火红的天空别样美。 7. fierce adj. 火一般的凶猛 The tiger is a fierce animal. 老虎是一种凶猛的动物。 8. hurt n. To cause physical damage or pain to; injure. To cause mental or emotional suffering to v. (使) 痛心, (使)伤感情, 危害, 损害, 受伤 n.伤痛, 伤害 What you said has hurt her. 你说的话已经伤害 了她。 9. harm Physical or psychological injury or damage vt. 伤害, 损害 n. 伤害, 损害 do harm to 危 害 The waste water does great harm to the environment.废水严重危害着环境。 10. injure To cause damage to vt. 损害, 伤害 He was injured in the left leg in the accident. 在这次意 外中他的左腿受了伤。 11. injury n. 伤害 Soon there will be no sign of injury. 不久伤痕便会消失殆尽。 12. wound n. 创伤, 伤口 vt. 伤 Stevenson was seriously wounded in the Iraqi War in 2004. 史蒂文森 在 2004 年的伊拉克战争中受了重伤。 13. ache n. 疼痛 To suffer a dull, sustained pain vi. 觉得疼痛, 渴望 These days my head is aching. 这些日子我头痛。 14. pain n. 痛苦, 疼, 劳苦, 努力 vt.使痛苦 The boy looks in pain. 那男孩看起来很痛苦。 另类阅读: Fuels such as oil can catch a fire easily and burn things into ashes. People may be injured and suffer pains. The fire can do more harm to us than a fierce tiger. So we must be careful of them. Even when we have a headache or wounded hurting hands, we should be alert to any flame. 5. business businessman merchant commercial greengrocer grocer trade busy free freedom liberty liberate liberation 记忆: 1. busy adj. 忙碌的 I?m busy with my book while my wife is busy cooking. 我忙着引书,我妻子忙着 做饭。 be busy with 忙于某事 be busy (in) doing 忙于做某事 2. 加名词后缀-ness, business n. 忙碌的事务,生意 Sorry. It?s none of my business.对不起,那不关我

的事。 格言: Business is business.公事公办。 Everybody's business is nobody?s business. 三个和尚没水吃 3. businessman n. 商人 A real businessman makes money by law as well as by brain.既用脑也合法是 一个真正的商人的赚钱之道。 4. merchant m-er-chant m, 买卖; -er, 人;chan 发音似“钱”merchant, 做买卖的人要赚钱, n. 商 人,店主 Have you ever read The Merchant of Venice by William Shakespare?你看过莎士比亚的《威 尼斯商人》吗? 5. commercial com-mer-cial adj. 商业的, 贸易的 The shops in commercial centers are much more expensive than others. 在商业中心的商店要比其它地方的商店贵得多。 6. grocer 音似“给肉食” ,卖吃的, n. 食品商, 杂货店 You can buy some biscuits in that grocer.你可 以到那家杂货店买些饼干。 7. green 绿色的; greengrocer, n. 蔬菜水果商, 菜贩 The greengrocer there supplies cheaper apples. 那个 水果商的苹果更便宜。 8. trade n. 贸易, 行业, vi.交易 English is a must in today?s international trade. 在当今的国际贸易中 英语已是人们交流的必备语言。 9. free adj. 自由的, 免费的, 空闲的 vt. 释放 The film tickets are free. If you are free, you can go to see the film free of charge.电影票是免费的。如果你真空,你可以去看这场免费电影。 格言: The best things in life are free.生活中最美好的莫过于自由。 10. 加名词后缀-dom, freedom n. 自由 There is no absolute freedom in the world. 世上没有绝对的自由。 11. liberty li-ber-ty 音似“你不听” ,你有自主权, n. 自由 The statue of liberty in New York was sent by the French. 纽约的自由女神像是法国人赠送的。 12. 加动词后缀-ate, liberate 解放 Is it true that the United States is liberating Iraqis? 美国真的是在解放 伊拉克吗? 13. liberation 解放 Comrade Mao Zedong contributed a lot to the liberation of Chinese people. 毛泽东同 志为中国人民的解放事业作出了卓越的贡献。 14. liberal adj. 慷慨的, 不拘泥的, 宽大的 Our liberal teacher allows us to disagree with him. 我们的 老师很开放,允许我们有与他不同的意见。 另类阅读: Why do you think a merchant is called a businessman? He is so busy trading goods that he has no free time! Though it?s none of my business, I still want to show my pity for their lack of freedom. He?d better liberate himself from his business and enjoy more liberty. 6. buy buyer customer afford goods sell seller bestseller 记忆: 1. buy vt. 买 Happiness is not to be bought but fought for.幸福不是买来的,而是争取来的。 2. buyer n. 购买者 3. customer cust, cost, 花费;customer, 花钱买东西的人, n. 顾客 The customer is God, istn?t he? 顾客是上帝,真的吗? 4. customs n. 海关 In order to export our products, we must pass the customs? inspection. 要出口产 品,我们必须接受海关的检查。 5. afford 联想:offer, 提供; vt. 给予, 供应得起 I can?t afford the time to accompany you long. Just make yourself at home when you come. 恐怕我不能长时间陪你。你来后就请自便吧。 6. goods n. 货物 Abundant goods are prepared for each golden holiday. 每个黄金假日都准备了丰富 的货物。 7. sell vt. 出售, 卖 You can?t sell the ring she left you. 你不能把她留给你的戒指卖了! 8. seller n. 售货员 9. bestseller n. 畅销书 His books are all bestsellers among the middle class. 他所有的书在中产阶层

中都很畅销。 另类阅读: Customers can?t afford to buy such a book offered by the seller, so they couldn?t be a bestseller. 轻松一刻 BOY: Isn't the principal(校长) a dummy! GIRL: Say, do you know who I am? BOY: No. GIRL: I'm the principal's daughter. BOY: And do you know who I am? GIRL: No. BOY: Thank goodness! 第十四天 1. cabbage carrot pea melon watermelon vegetable onion garlic 记忆: 1. cabbage n. 大白菜 He just bought some Chinese cabbage. 他刚买了些大白菜。 2. carrot n. 胡萝卜 Carrots are sort of sweet. 胡萝卜有点甜。 3. pea n. 豌豆 It?s as easy as shelling peas. 小菜一碟。 4. melon n. (各种的)瓜 5. watermelon n. 西瓜 Sweat watermelons are welcome in summer. 夏天甜西瓜很受欢迎。 6. vegetable n. 蔬菜 Vegetables are healthy food. 蔬菜是健康食品。 7. onion n. 洋葱 Mr. Li is fit for it. He knows his onions 李先生很适合,他知道该怎么做。 8. garlic n. 大蒜 That?s a garlic for dessert. 那是最不受欢迎的东西。 另类阅读: Vegetables such as cabbages, carrots and peas are healthy foods. 2. call ring dial telephone phone booth 记忆: 1. call n. 喊声,访问, 通话, n.呼叫, 称呼, 打电话 What should I call you, dear sir? 亲爱的先生,我 该怎么称呼你? 2. ring n. 环, 环形物, 拳击场 vt.按铃, 敲钟 vi.响, 敲钟 I will ring you the moment I am free. 我一 有空就会给你打电话。 3. dial n. 刻度盘, 转盘, (自动电话)拨号盘 v. 拨 Sorry. You dialed a wrong number. 对不起,你 拨错了。 4. telephone n. 电话, 电话机 v. 打电话 Can you answer the telephone for me?你能帮我接一下电 话吗? 5. phone n. 电话, 电话机 n.打电话 6. booth n. 货摊, 售货亭, 电话亭 The booth offers us the convenience to make a call. 电话亭给我 们打电话提供了方便。 另类阅读: There is a booth over there. You can make a call in it. When you dial the right number, you can speak to your friends faraway on the phone. 3. Canada Canadian Russia Russian India Indian Arab Arabic Arabian 记忆: 1. Canada 音“加拿大” 2. 加后缀-an Canadian 加拿大的,加拿大人

3. Russia 音“罗斯” ,俄罗斯 4. 加后缀-an, Russian 俄罗斯的,俄罗斯人,俄语。 5. India 音“印度” 6. 加后缀-an, Indian 印度人,印度的,印度语,印第安 7. Arab 音“阿拉伯” ,n. 阿拉伯 8. Arabic adj. 阿拉伯的 9. Arabian n. 阿拉伯人 另类阅读: Da Shan is a Canadian from Canada; Putin is a strong Russian in Russia and Indian Gandhi led a peaceful revolution in India. 4. candle light ray X-ray electricity battery power kerosene gas 记忆: 3. candle can-dle 音“看” ,蜡烛发光后就可以看了,n. 蜡烛 The light of candles can create a romantic atmosphere. 烛光能营造一种浪漫的气氛。 4. light n. 光, 灯 adj.轻的, 浅的 vt. 点燃, 照亮 In the dark the lighted cigarette gives off some weak light.在暗中点燃的烟头发出一些微光。 5. ray n. 光线 The rays of the morning sun come through the window, making the room bright.清 晨的阳光穿过窗户照亮了房间。 6. X-ray n. X 光 X-ray is often applied to medical examinations. X 光常用于体检。 7. electricity n. 电 Electricity has long become a must in today?s everyday life. 很久以来电就成 了日常生活中不可缺少的东西。 8. battery n. 电池 It?s a pity that my battery can?t last long.我的电池用不了多久,真遗憾! 9. power n. 能力, 力量, 动力, 权力 Another power station is being built on the Jinsha River.金沙江 上将修建另一座电站。 10. kerosene n. 煤油 Now few people use kerosene in their daily life.现在没多少人在生活中使用 煤油了。 11. gas n. 汽油,天然气 More and more people cook with gas, for it is convenient.越来越多的人用 天然气做饭,因为它很方便。 另类阅读: In order to get light, people used kerosene and gas in the near history, but candles are more often used throughout the history, and even today when electricity is off and we have no batteries, we still need the ray it gives off. 5. cap capital captain coach capable hat helmet 记忆: 1. cap n.帽子, 帽 (戴在头上的) The kid in a blue cap is a girl.那个戴蓝色帽子的孩子是个小女孩。 2. capital cap-it-al n. 首都,首府 (地方或国家的头脑所在地) The capital is usually the political center of a country.首都常常是一个国家的政治中心。 3. captain cap-tain n. 足球) ( 队长, 上尉 (队伍的头领) The captain refused his request for a leave. 队 长拒绝了他的亲家请求。 4. coach n. 教练 The coach must be strict with the players. 教练一定要对球员严格要求。 5. capable cap-able adj. 能干的, 有能力的 Tom was capable of making other children willing to work for him. 汤姆能让其他的孩子乐意为他干活。 6. hat n. (有边的) 帽子 Don?t you know the gentleman in a white hat? 你不认识头戴白色礼帽的那位 先生吗? 7. helmet hel-met n. 头盔, 钢盔 While mining, the miners should be wearing their helmets. 采矿 时,矿工们必须代号头盔。

另类阅读: The capable captain of the football team put on a hat instead of a helmet. I am sure he was capable of finding his coach who was in hospital in the capital. 6. card cartoon card games wish hope hopeful hopeless desperate desire design 记忆: 1. card 音“卡” 卡片 card games 纸牌 We often send cards to express our greetings for New Year. , 我们常常发送贺卡来表达新年的祝福。 2. cartoon 音“卡通” 卡通,动画片 Some cartoons are popular with both children and adults.一些动 , 画片既受到孩子的欢迎,也受到成人的欢迎。 3. wish sh, 音“希” ,希望,n.愿望, 心愿, 祝愿 v.希望, 但愿(实现的可能性小,后面的宾语从句要 用过去式的虚拟语气) Remember to give your parents my best wishes. How I wish I could see them soon!别忘了代我向你的父母问好,我多想很快见到他们。 4. hope n. & v. 希望(注意:不能说:hope somebody to do something) I hope to visit your parents soon .我希望很快去看望您的父母。 Great hopes make great man. 伟大的理想造就伟大的人。 5. hopeful adj. 充满希望的 Every child is hopeful when you believe so.如果你相信每个孩子有希 望,每个孩子就有希望。 6. hopeless adj. 绝望的,无希望的 Those who refuse to listen to advice is hopeless.不愿听建议的人 是没有希望的人。 7. desperate des-per-ate des 音似 death,死,拚死的 per, 彻底; adj. 令人绝望的, 不顾一切的, 拚 死的 They started a desperate attack before long.不久他们发起了一场殊死的进攻。 8. desire de-sire vt. 想望, 期望 n. 欲望 We should control our desires instead of that our desires control us.人应当控制欲望而不是欲望控制人。 9. design sign 标志,符号, design, 用标志设计,图案 I must design my life reasonably. 我必须 合理规划我的人生。 另类阅读: When New Year is coming, we have time to enjoy card games and we design cards with cartoon figures to show best wishes to our friends and our desires/hope for the new year. 轻松一刻 TEACHER: If I had seven oranges in one hand and eight oranges in the other, what would I have? CLASS : Big hands! 第十五天 1. care careful careless carefree caution cautious precaution 记忆: 1. care n. 注意, 忧虑, 由...转交 vt.在意 I don?t care whether you will come or not. 我不在乎你来不 来。 care for 关心 care about 担心 take care of 照顾 2. careful adj. 小心的 We are warned to be careful of the rats. 我们被告知要当心老鼠。 be careful of 当心 be careful in doing 小心作某事 be careful that + clause be careful (not) to do sth 3. careless adj. 不小心的,马虎的 Being careless, he broke the glass vase on the table. 由于粗心,他 打碎了桌上的花瓶。 4. carefree adj. 无忧无虑的 The carefree age has gone for ever. 无忧无虑的岁月已经一去不返了。 5. caution n.小心, 谨慎, 警告 vt.警告 You must do the experiment with great caution. 作实验时必须 小心翼翼。 6. cautious Careful forethought to avoid danger or harm. adj. 谨慎的, 小心的 We should be cautious of the plan. 制定计划时要谨慎。 7. precaution n. 预防, 警惕, 防范 I think everything will go well since we have done enough

precautions. 我想既然我们已经采取了充分的防范措施,一切会很顺利的。 8. care for v.关怀, 照顾 The teacher is supposed to care for every one of his students. 老师应该照顾好他 的每一位学生。 9. care about v .担心 He was excited when he learned that she cared about him.当他知道她担心他时很 激动。 10. take care of 照顾 Who takes care of you when your parents are out? 你父母外出时谁照顾你? 另类阅读: We must take care of ourselves. No one else there cares about us. They don?t care whether we are careful or careless, for they don?t care for us at all! 2. cat catch grasp seize snatch scratch hold abandon give up 记忆: 1. cat n. 猫 The play Cats is popular worldwide. 话剧《猫》受到全世界的欢迎。 2. rat n. 老鼠, 家鼠 The rat is most disgusting. 老鼠非常讨厌。 3. cat, 猫,ch, 拼音“吃” catch 猫吃东西是抓的,To capture or seize, especially after a chase.抓。 , The boy was caught stealing apples from the tree.小男孩在偷树商的苹果时被抓住了。 catch a train/bus 乘火车/汽车 catch sb by the arm 抓住某人的手臂 catch up with sb 赶上某人 catch sb doing sth 抓住某人作某事。 4. grasp To take hold of or seize firmly with or as if with the hand. vt.抓住, 抓紧, 掌握, 领会 The boy grasped his mother?s hand and wouldn?t let it go.男孩抓住他妈妈的手不放。 格言: Grasp all, lose all. 什么都想抓,什么都抓不住。 5. seize [si:z] To grasp suddenly and forcibly n.抓住(用劲), 逮住, 夺取 Some local forces were trying to seize the control of the town. 一些当地的军队要争夺城市的控制权。 6. snatch To grasp or seize hastily, eagerly, or suddenly n.攫取(很快) The thief snatched the lady?s purse and ran away.那小偷抢过这女士的钱包跑了。 7. scratch To make a thin, shallow cut or mark on (a surface) with a sharp instrument. n. 乱写, 抓痕, 擦伤 vt. 乱涂, 勾抹掉, 擦, 刮 That cat will scratch you with its claws.那猫会永爪子抓伤你的。 8. hold n.把握, vt.拿着, 保存, 占据 Hold on, and I will give you his number. 别挂,我给你他的号 码。 9. abandon a-ban-d-on 一件 a 禁止 ban 做 d 下去 on 的事, 只好放弃 (注意后面的动词要用-ing 形式) We can?t abandon our rights we deserve by law. 我们不能放弃法律赋予我们的权利。 10. give up 放弃(注意后面的动词要用-ing 形式) You?d better give up smoking at once. 你最好马上戒 烟。 另类阅读: When a cat catches a rat, it will hold it and play with it. It?s not easy to seize the rat from it. It won?t abandon/give it up easily. 3. ceiling ceil roof top tip bottom cotton floor storey 记忆: 1. ceil [ si:l ] vt. 装天花板 The rooms have all been ceiled beautifully. 这些房间装上了漂亮的天花板。 2. 加名词后缀-ing: ceiling n. 天花板 I suggest hanging a basket of flowers from the ceiling.我建议从 天花板上吊一篮花草。 3. roof f, 飞,房子上可以起飞的地方,房顶 Helicopters can land on the roof.直升飞机可以停靠在房 顶上。 4. top n. 顶部 You can see far away at the top of the tower. 在塔顶上你可以眺望远方。 5. tip The end of a pointed or projecting object n. 顶, 尖端, 梢, 小费,提示, 技巧 vt.使倾斜, 暗示 给小费 As the waiter offered a tip that I could hang the apple from the other tip of the stick, I gave him more tips when I left. 服务员提示我可以把苹果挂在棍子的另一端,我走的时候就多给了他一

点消费表示感谢。 6. bottom n. 底部(联想 base)At the bottom of the ocean there is also a rich world of biology. 大洋底 部也有一个丰富的生物世界。 7. cotton n. 棉花(联想 clothes) These days people?s passion for natural cotton has returned. 这些日 子人们又对天然棉花有了热情。 8. floor n. 地板,楼层 How many floors does that skyscraper have? 那栋摩天大楼有多少层楼? 9. storey n. 楼层(上下地板的空间)Our office is in the 10th storey. 我们的办公室在十楼。 另类阅读: The man in cotton clothes went upstairs from the bottom to the fifth floor. He couldn?t find anything with a sharp tip hanging from the ceiling. As no one could help him in this storey, he went on to the top of the house. Standing on the roof, he couldn?t help feeling a little sad. 4. cent center central concentrate focus century centigrade centimeter percent percentage 记忆: 1. 词根 cent 含义为一百或百分之一。cent n. 百分之一美元,美分 2. century n. 百年, 世纪 Over centuries the customs here have changed a lot. 几百年来这儿的风俗发 生了很大的变化。 3. grade 等级, centigrade (水的冰点到沸点间的温度分成一百分而得到的)摄氏度 The normal temperature should be 37° 正常的体温应是 37° C. C。 4. meter 音“米” ,centimeter 百分之一米,厘米 5. per-, 每;percent 每百中的, 百分之 Twenty percent of the population work on the farm.百分之二 十的人在农场工作。 6. 加后缀-age, percentage n. 百分率 What?s the percentage of success?成功率有多少? 7. center n. 中间 With more countries joining the EU, the geological center of the EU has moved to a small German town. 随着更多的国家加入欧盟,一个德国小镇就成了欧盟的地理中心。 8. central adj. 中间的, 中央的 Is it a good thing to live in the central area? 生活在中心地带是不是一 件好事呢? 9. 加前缀 con-, 动词后缀-ate, concentrate v. 以为中心, 集中 While in class we must concentrate on what the teacher says.课堂上我们应专心听讲。 10. focus n. (兴趣活动等的)中心, 焦点, 焦距 vi. 聚焦, 注视 These days almost all the media focus on the Iraqi War.这些日子几乎所有的媒体都聚焦在伊拉克战争上。 另类阅读: Over centuries people concentrate in the central areas of the city. The areas are overcrowded. More than 30 percent of people live in the room measured not by the square meter, but by the square centimeter. When summer comes, it may be as hot as 40°of centigrade. 5. certain curtain certainly certainty uncertain sure ensure insure insurance assure 记忆: 1. certain 词根 tain 含义为 hold, adj. 确定的, 某一个 It?s certain that a certain boy will be waiting for you at the gate of your home at that time. 那个时候肯定有个男孩在你家门口等你。 be certain of sth 对 某事有把握 be certain that be certain to do sth It is certain that 2. certainly adv. 一定,当然 We will certainly win the game. 我们一定会赢这场比赛。 3. certainty n. 确定性 The certainty of the examination made the students worried.肯定要考试, 学生们 为此而担心起来。 4. uncertain adj. 不确定的 Whether the Arabians welcome the so-called democracy is still uncertain. 阿 拉伯人是否欢迎所谓的民主还是一个问号。 5. curtain u, 联想帘状, curtain, 帘 How do you find my new curtain?你觉得我的新窗帘怎么样? 6. sure adj. 对....有把握, 可靠的 adv. 的确, 当然 I?m sure of our victory over them. They are sure to

be defeated by us. 我肯定我们能打赢他们,他们肯定会被我们击败的。 be sure that be sure of sth 对??有把握 be sure to do sth 一定会 7. 加动词前缀 en, 使??, ensure To make sure or certain n. 确保, 确保, 保证 Our precautions ensured our safety. 我们的预防措施保证了我们的安全。 8. 加动词前缀 in-, 使??, insure To cover with insurance vt. 给...保险 You?d better insure your car. 你最好给你的汽车买份保险。 9. 加名词后缀 –ance, insurance 保险 I think insurance will be a big business in China.我想保险业会成 为中国的一大产业。 10. 加动词前缀 a-, assure, vt.断然地说, To cause to feel sure 确告, 保证, 担保 The young man assured her of his devotion.那年轻男子让她相信他对她的爱。 另类阅读: It?s certain that the expensive curtain will be insured. Any possible loss will certainly be met by the insurance company. I?m sure of its certainty. 6. chair chairman chairwoman armchair chain cushion mat mattress 记忆: 1. chair n. 椅子, 主席位 vt. 使入座 Fetch us another two chairs, please.情给我们再区拿两把椅子 来。 2. chairman 主席 (男) The chairman announced the beginning of the conference. 主席宣布大会开始了。 3. chairwoman 主席(女) 4. armchair n. 扶手椅 It?s certainly comfortable to sit in the warm armchair. 作在暖和的扶手椅里 当然舒服。 5. chain n. 链(条),镣铐, 一连串, 一系列 The withdraw of Spanish army from Iraq might lead to a chain of reactions. 西班牙军队从伊拉克撤军可能会引起连锁反应。格言:A chain is no stronger than its weakest link.一着不慎,满盘皆输。 6, cushion n. 垫子, 软垫, 衬垫 Put the cushion onto the bench, and you will feel more comfortable.把 垫子放在长凳上,你会感到更舒服些。 7, mat n. 席子, 垫子 They spread a mat on the floor. 他们在地板上铺了一张席子。 8. mattress n. 床垫 Some people prefer to sleep without any mattress. 一些人睡觉时不要床垫。 另类阅读: The chairwoman was seated comfortably in the chair with cushion while the former chairman was unfortunately in chains 轻松一刻 MOTHER: Why on earth did you swallow the money I gave you? JUNIOR : You said it was my lunch money. 第十六天 teacher tutor coach lesson

1. chalk crayon teach lessen lecture 记忆: 1. chalk n. 粉笔, 白垩 Don?t play with chalk. 别那粉笔来玩。 2. crayon n. 有色粉笔, 蜡笔 Children learn to draw with crayon here. 孩子们在这儿学习蜡笔 画。 3. teach vt. 教 注意:教某人的语文:teach somebody Chinese Mr. Smith teaches English in a Senior school. 史密斯先生在一所高中教英语。 4. teacher n. 教师 The modern teaching demands more of teachers.现代教学对教师提出了更高 的要求。 5. tutor n. 家庭教师, (大学)指导教师, 助教 It?s not always helpful to invite a tutor for our kids. 为孩子请家庭教师并非总是有用。

6. coach n. 教练 vt. 训练, 指导 Who coaches you in your oral English?谁辅导你们的英语口 语? 7. lesson n. 功课,教训 The accident teaches everyone present a lesson.这次事故给了在场的每 个人一个教训。 8. en 为动词后缀,less 更少;lessen v. 减少 You should lessen the time you spend on computer games.你应该减少玩电脑游戏的时间。 9. lecture lect-ure 讲座 The professor will give us a lecture about the international relationship. 教 授将给我们作一场关于国际关系的讲座。 另类阅读: Mostly, teachers give lessons or deliver lectures with a piece of chalk and a blackboard, which can?t meet the demand of modern teaching work. 2. chance opportunity accident accidental casual random deliberately 记忆: 1. chance 音似 “象是” 好象是, , 有可能 n.机会, 可能性, 偶然性, 运气 v. 碰巧 Jerry chanced to get a chance to study abroad. 杰瑞碰巧得到一个出国学习的机会。 2. opportunity op-port-u-ni-ty op-, ob-; port, 运送; 音 u, “优” ni,音 ; “你” -ty,名词后缀; , opportunity, 给你带来的使你优秀的东西, n. 机会, 时机 Opportunity favours those who are prepared. 机会垂青 那些有准备的人。 格言: Opportunity seldom knocks twice.机不可失,时不再来。 3. accident ac-cid-ent 词根 cid 表示掉, n. 意外事件, 事故 Carelessness may result in accidents. 落; 粗心可能引起事故。 4. accidental adj. 意外的, 非主要的 The accidental finding made him well-known overnight. 那次意外 的发现使他一夜成名。 5. casual cas-ual, cas, case, 案例, 案子多为一时的, casual, adj. 偶然的, 不经意的, 临时的 He was annoyed with the casual answer. 漫不经心的答复使他生气了。 6. random ran-dom ran,跑, random, 跑来跑去的, 胡乱的; n. 随意, 任意 adj. 任意的, 随便的, 胡 乱的 He made a random choice, which he regretted soon. 他随便作了一个选择,不久就后悔了。 7. deliberately de-liberate-ly adv. 故意地,精心地 He made the marks deliberately.他故意说了那番 话。 另类阅读: We should make full use of any opportunity to develop. We can?t leave our future to chances. Otherwise, accidents may happen unexpectedly. 3. change unchangeable exchange swap switch turn 记忆: 1. change n.变化, 找回的零钱 vt. 改变, 兑换 Great changes have taken place in my hometown. 我的 家乡发生了很大的变化。 change into 变成 change for 换成 2. 加否定前缀-un, 和形容词后缀-able, unchangeable adj. 不可改变的 The plan is unchangeable. We must carry it on. 计划是不能更改的。我们必须继续做下去。 3. 前缀 ex- 表示“向外”: exchange v. & n. 交换 What can you exchange with him?你能拿什么和他交 换? 4. swap To trade one thing for another n.& v. 交换 Is there anything we can swap with them? 有没有我 们可以和他交换的东西? 5. switch n.开关, 电闸, 转换 vt.转换, 转变 Let?s switch the conversation to a lighter subject. 我们 谈一个轻松一点的话题吧。 6. turn n. 转动, 旋转, 轮流, 时机 v. (使)转动, 翻转 It?s your turn to turn off the light. 该你关灯 了。 另类阅读:

Seeing the ice is changing into water, he decided to change the fridge for a new one. However, the assistant refused to exchange anything with him. 4. cheap cheat expensive expense spend compensate compensation 记忆: 1. cheap P 音“便” adj. 便宜的 Do you think cheaper goods are more worth buying? 你认为东西越 便宜越值得买吗? 2. cheat 音“欺的”欺骗的,n. & v. 欺骗,骗子 No cheat can cheat all his life. 骗子骗得了一时,骗 不了一生。 3. spend [ spend ] 词根 pens, pend 表示“use up” vt. 花。 I used to spend a lot of time on games.我 , 曾经在玩游戏方面画了大量的时间。 注意:spend time in doing something. spend time/money on something 4. ex-, 出去;expense n. 花出去的钱,开支,支出 How can we reduce the expense? 我们怎样才能 减少开支? 5. 加形容词后缀-ive, expensive adj. 花钱的,昂贵的,高档的 The goods in an expensive shop are more expensive than in other places. 在高档商店里的东西要比其他地方的东西贵。 6. compensate com-pens-ate , v. 偿还, 补偿 Nothing can compensate for the loss of time. 什么也补偿 不了失去的时间。 7. compensation n. 补偿, 赔偿 They were not satisfied with the compensation the company had offered. 他们对公司提出的补偿方案不满意。 另类阅读: What an expense! He cheated you by selling a cheap chip like an expensive one. And nothing can compensate for your loss. 5. check chick chicken cheque note cash currency change examine examination test quiz text 记忆: 1. check e, 联想 eye 中的眼睛,核对要用眼睛,vt.检查,核对 vi. (象棋)将军 n. 支票(美) check in n.登记, 报到 check out n.付账后离开 It?s necessary to check before handing in the papers. 交卷前有 必要检查一下。 2. chick chi, 音似“鸡” ,小鸡 Don?t you find chicks lovely? 你不觉得小鸡很可爱吗? 3. chicken n. 小鸡, 小鸟, 鸡肉 In my opinion chicken is more delicious than pork. 我觉得鸡肉比猪 肉也好吃。 4. cheque n. 支票(英)Where can I change the cheque?哪儿可以换支票? 5. note n. 纸币,笔记, (外交)照会, 注解, 音符 Notes are more convenient than coins to carry with us. 钞票比硬币更方便携带。 6. cash n. 现金 What I need is cashes, not a check. 我需要的是现金,不是支票。 7. currency cur-ren-cy 音“卡人事”趣味联想:没有钱流通,真是卡人的事。 n. 流通 A new set of notes is in currency now. 现在市场上流通着一套新的钞票。 8. change n. 找回的零钱 I?m waiting for my change. 我等着找补。 9. examine To observe carefully or critically ex-a-mine 趣味记忆: 出来一检查, 是我的嘛! v. 啊, 检查, 调查, 考试 Linda had her heart examined but found nothing wrong. 琳达去检查了一下心脏, 但没发现什么问题。 10. examination n. 检查, 调查, 考试 What?s the right attitude towards the college entrance examination? 对待高考的正确态度是什么? 11. test [ test ] n. & vt. 测试, 试验, 检验 What you said was tested and we found something false.你的话 经检验有假。 12. quiz [ kwiz ] n. 测验, 提问(联想 question) A quiz will be given at the end of this class.要下课时将作

一次小测验。 13. text [ tekst ] n. 正文, 原文, 课文 It?s a good way to learn the text by heart. 背诵课文是个好方法。 另类阅读: After the test about the text on currency studied last time, he went to the market to buy chicken for his supper. He found only chicks or hens there. He examined a hen and decided to buy it. Soon he found he took no cash or note with him. He had to change a cheque. 6. cheese butter choose choice select optional elect election candidate 记忆: 1. cheese n. 干酪 If you don?t work, where does your bread and cheese come? 你不工作的话,靠什么 来生活? 2. butter n. 黄油 He is always buttering up the boss. 他总是巴结老板。 3. butterfly n. 蝴蝶 Aren?t the butteflies beautiful! 这些蝴蝶真美! 4. choose v. 选择, 选定 No one was sure why the former Russian president Yeltsin chose Putin as his successor. 没人能肯定为什么当初前俄罗斯总统叶利钦选择普京作为接班人。 choose sth choose sb sth choose sth for sb choose to do sth choose sb as sb choose sb to be 5. choice n. 选择, 精选品, 选择权 adj. 精选的 We had no choice but to strengthen ourselves to meet the challenge of the world. 我们别无选择,必须增强实力来迎接世界的挑战。 6. select To take as a choice from among several se-lect 词根 lect 表示挑选; vt. 选择, 挑选 We will select some fresh flowers for his birthday. 我们会为他的生日选一些鲜花。 7. optional option-al adj. 可选择的, 随意的. Music is an optional course in Grade 3. 三年级音乐是选 修课。 8. elect e-lect vt. 选举 whoever Americans elect their president, the world will approach more disasters if he insists on unilaterism.无论谁当选美国总统,如果他坚持单边主义, 世界就将面对更多 的灾难。 9. election n. 选举 It?s the year for election again. 又是选举年了。 10. candidate can-did-ate 能够做的人,可作为候选人 n. 候选人 There are only two candidates. Who would you like to vote for? 只有两名候选人,你选哪位? 另类阅读: In order to win more votes in the election, the candidate selected a butterfly. The butterfly unexpectedly flew over some cheese that he chose for his breakfast into butter. As there was no optional way, he had no choice but to kill the butterfly. 轻松一刻: Two men went traveling in South Africa. Suddenly, a lion appeared . The lion watched them at a short distance. The first man took off his feather shoes quickly and put on his running shoes. The other man saw it and asked with great worry, "It's no use. You can't run faster than the lion." " Who will run against the lion? It'll be OK when I can ran faster than you." 第十六天 1. chemistry chemist chemical physics physical physician physically 记忆: 1. chemist n. 化学家, 药剂师 Do you know the chemist coming to our college? 你认识到我们学校来 的那位化学家吗? 2. chemistry n. 化学 Chemistry is a fanscinating course. 化学是门迷人的学科。 3. chemical adj. 化学的 n. 化学药品 The factory must deal with the chemicals carefully. 工厂要小 心处理其化学药品。 4. physics n. 物理学 Newton made greatest contributions to classical physics. 牛顿对经典物理学做出

了突出的贡献。 5. physical adj. 物理的,体力的 Steaming is a physical change. 蒸发是一种物理变化。 6. physically adv.身体上地 I?m afraid you are not physically fit for the job. 我担心你身体不适合做那 项工作。 7. 后缀-an 表示“人” ,physician n. 医师, 内科医师 If you feel something wrong with you lung, you may go to his father, a famous physician in the hospital.如果你感到肺上有些不舒服,你就到他父亲那 儿去吧,他父亲是医院里的著名内科医师。 另类阅读: Science students have to study chemistry and physics. They must know chemical changes from physical ones, but they are not necessarily to be chemists or physicians. Some of them are not physically strong, either. 2. China Chinese Japan Japanese Vietnam Vietnamese 记忆: 1. China 中国(据说与秦 chin 有关,另说与瓷 chi 器 china 有关) 2. Chinese 中国人,汉语,中国的 3. Japan 日本 Japan is trying to become a power nation. However, if it always follows the USA and show no respects for other countries, I?m afraid Japan can never be a real power in the world. 日本谋求成为一 个大国。然而,如果它总是追随美国,对其他国家熟视无睹,恐怕它永远成不了世上的一个真正大 国。 4. Japanese 日本人,日语,日本的 5. Vietnam n.越南 Vietnam was an irremovable nightmare for many Americans in the 60s. 对六十年 代的美国人来说,越南是一个摆脱不了的恶梦。 6. Vietnamese n.越南人 adj. 越南的, 越南人的 另类阅读: China and Japan are neighbors, but the Chinese won?t like the Japanese as long as they won?t face the history in the right way. 3. chocolate sugar candy sweet bitter acid sour sweat sweater 记忆: 1. chocolate 音似“巧克力” 2. sugar n . 糖, 食糖 3. candy n . 糖果, 冰糖 4. sweet adj. 甜的, 美好的, 芳香的 n. 糖果 It?s hard to refuse sweet words. 不听甜言蜜语很难。 5. bitter adj. 苦的, 痛苦的, 怀恨的 The mixture tastes bitter. 这混合物尝起来很苦。 6. acid adj. 酸的, 讽刺的, 刻薄的 n. 酸(化学)Acid rain does great harm to the crops. 酸雨对庄稼 危害极大。 7. sour adj. 酸的, 发酵的, 酸腐的, 酸味的 It?s said that sour food helps digestion. 据说酸性食物有 助消化。 8. better adj. & adv. 较好的 (good, well 的比较级) 9. sweat n.汗 v. (使)出汗 Some sweats can improve your health. 流点汗对健康有好处。 10. sweater n.厚运动衫, 毛线衫 I?d like to take that red sweater. 我想买那件红色毛衣。 另类阅读: Kids are fond of something sweet and tired of something sour. They hate anything bitter. So if you give them some chocolate or sugar or candy, they will be very glad to follow you, even when it calls for sweats. On the other hand, if you never reward them, they may say something acid. 4. Christmas Christianity Christian church cathedral Islam Moslem Buddhism Buddhist temple religion religious sacred secret 记忆:

1. Christ n. [基督教]救世主(特指耶稣基督), Christmas 圣诞节 The Christmas holiday is the hottest time to exchange greetings in the West.在西方,圣诞节是人们互致问候的季节。 格言: Christmas comes but once a year.圣诞一年只一度。 2. Christianity n. 基督教 Christianity is cherished mainly in the western countries. 信奉基督教的人主要 在西方国家。 3. Christian n. 基督教徒 Both his parents are Christians.他的父母都是基督教徒。 4. churchn. 教堂, 教派,礼拜 Christians often go to church on Sunday. 基督教徒常在星期天做礼拜。 5. cathedral A large, important church n. 大教堂 6. Islam 音“伊斯兰” n.伊斯兰教(在中国旧称回教,清真教) Arabians mostly believe in Islam.阿拉伯 人多数信奉伊斯兰教。 7. Moslem 音似 “穆斯林 n.穆斯林, 伊斯兰, adj.穆斯林的, 伊斯兰的. Arabians are mostly Moslem 阿拉伯 人多数属于穆斯林。 8. mosque n.清真寺 They built the most brilliant mosque in the Moslem world. 他们修筑了穆斯林世界 最气派的清真寺。 9. Buddhism 佛教 In India and China many people believe in Buddhism. 在印度和中国很多人信仰佛教。 10. Buddhist n. 佛教徒 Perhaps the most famous Buddhist in China is Xuanzhang. 在中国最著名的佛教 徒也许是玄奘。 11. temple n. 庙, 寺, 太阳穴 There are temples in the famous mountains. 名山上有庙。 12. religion n. 宗教, 信仰 People have the freedom of religion. 人们有宗教自由。 13. 加形容词后缀-ous: religious adj. 信奉宗教的, 虔诚的, 宗教上的 You can?t abuse your religious freedom. 你不能滥用你的宗教自由。 14. sacred adj. 神的, 宗教的, 庄严的, 神圣的 His face became serious when he talked about the sacred ceremony. 谈到神圣的仪式时他的脸色凝重起来。 15. secret n. 秘密, 秘诀, 奥秘 adj. 秘密的, 隐秘的 If you can keep the secret, I can, too. 你能保 密的话,我也能。 另类阅读 I am not religious. I don?t believe in Buddhism. I don?t go to temples for a Buddhist reason. I am not Christian, either. I never go to cathedral for Christianity, but I celebrate Christmas in a church for pleasure. 5. cinema screen film movie scene scenery actor actress director theater play opera stage 记忆: 1. cinema n.电影院, 电影 Actually I think TV can?t completely take the place of the cinema. 实际上我 认为电视不能完全取代电影。 2. screen n. 屏, 银幕, 筛子, 掩蔽物, 屏风 vt. 掩蔽, 包庇 It is bad for our eyes to stare long at the computer screen. 长时间盯着电脑屏幕对眼睛有害。 3. film n. 影片,电影(英),薄膜, 胶卷 vt. 拍电影 Where can we develop the film? 我们在哪儿可 以冲胶卷? 4. movie move, 动, movie, 我“I”在动中,电影(美) Movies are a form of art. 电影是一种艺术 形式。 5. scene [ si:n ] n.现场, 场面, 情景, 景色 How many scenes are the play made up of? 这部戏是由几个 场景组成的? 6. scenery n. 风景, 景色 I enjoy both urban scenery and rural scenery. 我既喜欢城市风景, 也喜欢乡 村风光。 7. act n.& v. 表演,做事 Think before you act. 三思而后行。 8. actor n. 演员(男) Liu Dehua is not only a pop singer but also a good actor. 刘德华不仅是流行歌 手,而且是位好演员。

9. actress n. 女演员 Zhang Bozhi, a famous actress from Hongkong, admitted that it?s much harder for a girl to fight out in the entertainment circle. 香港女演员张柏芝承认,在娱乐界女孩奋斗出头要困难得 多。 10. director n. 导演,主任 I want to see the director of the factory. 我想见厂长。 11. theater n. 剧场, 戏院 The world is a large theater and every day both comedies and tragedies are going on continually. 世界大舞台,天天悲喜剧不断。 12. play [ plei ] n. 话剧, 剧本 v. 玩, 扮演 Who will play the hero of the new play? 谁将出演新剧的主 角? 13. opera n.歌剧 Few young people appreciate operas now. 现在欣赏歌剧的年青人很少。 14. stage (联想 stand) n. 舞台, 活动场所, 发展的进程, 阶段或时期 Our school offers a stage for anyone who wants to show his abilities. 我们学校为每一位想展示才华的人提供了一个舞台。 另类阅读: Movies and plays have a lot in common: directors decide the actors and actresses to perform a story in a series of scenes. The differences lie in that movies need silver screens and cinemas as well as films while plays need stages and theaters. 6. city citizen cottage castle town downtown village villager province state federal country nation national nationality international 记忆: 1. city n. 城市 Chengdu is a city you will hesitate to leave once you come to it. 成都是一座你来了就 不想走的城市。 2. citizen zen, 音似“人” citizen n. 城市人,公民 Every citizen enjoys the same rights. 每个公 , 民都享有同样的权利。 3. cottage n. 村舍, 小别墅 The boy lives in a lonely cottage 那男孩居住在一间偏僻的村舍里。 4. castle n. 城堡 The nobles in the Middle Age in Europe used to live in a castle. 在欧洲中世纪, 贵族 们曾经住在城堡里。 5. town n. 城镇 The town of Huayuang will be a vice center of Chengdu. 华阳镇将成为成都市的一 个副中心。 6. downtown n. 市中心,繁华区 I don?t want to live in downtown, for it is too noisy. 我不想住在市 中心,因为那里太闹杂了。 7. village n. 村庄 The peasants live together in the village.农民们一起生活在村里。 8. villager n. 村民 The villagers here are very kind and warm-hearted.村民们善良而热情。 9. province n. 省 Sichuan is a populous province.四川省是一个人口大省。 10. provincial adj. 省级的 Mr. Li has won several provincial rewards. 李老师获得过几项省级大奖。 11. state n. 州, 国家(侧重指政权) How many states is the United States made up of? 美国由多少 个州组成的? 12. federal adj.联邦的, 联合的. A federal government may be suitable for some places, but it can?t be fit for every place.一个联邦政府可能对某些地方来说是合适的,但并不是每个地方都合适。 13. country n. 国家(侧重指国土) ,乡下 Everyone should love his own country. 每个人都应爱自己 的祖国。 14. nation n. 国家, 民族 Chinese are a hardworking as well as peace loving nation. 中华民族是一个勤 劳而热爱和平的民族。 15. national adj. 国家的,全国的 She hopes to win the national English contest.她希望能赢得这次全 国英语比赛。 16. nationality n. 国籍 I couldn?t understand why some people give up their own nationality and try to receive a foreign nationality. 我不明白为什么一些人要放弃自己的国籍而要设法获得外国国籍。 17. international inter-, 在??之间的 adj, 国际的 Force never means everything throughout the

human history. 在整个人类史上,武力从来不是万能的。 另类阅读: The downtown people in an international city are not all citizens of the same nationality. They come from different countries. Some are nobles from castles in the states while some were villagers out of cottages from different provinces. 轻松一刻 TEACHER: Ellen, give me a sentence starting with "I". ELLEN: I is... TEACHER: No, Ellen. Always say, "I am." ELLEN: All right... "I am the ninth letter of the alphabet." 第十七天 classification grade gradual

1. class classical classify gradually graduate graduation diploma 记忆: 1. class [ ??????] n. 班级, 阶级, (一节)课 How many classes do you have in the morning? 你 们早晨有多少节课? 2. classic [???????? ] n.杰作, 名著 adj. 第一流的 Young people should read more classics instead of only pop books. 年轻人应该多读点经典著作,而不能只是看流行书籍。 3. classical [???????????] adj. 古典的, 正统派的, 古典文学的 Classical music can do us good mentally. 古典音乐对我们的精神有好处。 4. 加动词后缀-ify, classify [???????????] vt. 分类, 分等 The books have been classified and you may choose those suitable for you. 这些书进行了分类,你可以选择适合你的书籍。 5. classification [?????????????????] n.分类, 分等 The library offers a clear and scientific classification of the books. 图书馆对书籍进行了清晰而科学的分类。 6. grade [?????? ] n. 等级, 级别 vt. 评分, 评级 n. 分等级 Their products are of the first grade. 他们的产品是一流的。 7. 加形容词后缀 ual, gradual [?????????? ] adj. 一级一级的, 逐渐的 The gradual increase of the temperature was hard to feel, so the frog in it died unexpectedly. 逐渐升高的温度很难被察觉,因 而里面的青蛙出人意外地烫死了。 8. gradually [??????????] adv. 逐渐地 Gradually he is growing taller and taller. 他渐渐长 得越来越高了。 9. 加动词后缀-ate, graduate [ ??????????????????? ] 到了高级,毕业 Bill Gates didn?t graduate from the university, but his creativity and courage never left him. 比尔?盖茨虽未大学 毕业,但是他的创新精神和勇气从未离开过他。 10. graduation [ ????????????? ] n. 毕业 After graduation, we?d better find a job where we can apply what we have learnt. 毕业后,我们最好能找到一份能应用我们所学知识的工作。 11. diploma [?????????? ] di-p-lo-ma 趣味联想: 说得滴水不漏嘛, 可以毕业了。 n. 文凭, 毕 业证书, 奖状 Diplomas don?t mean abilities. So the employers will check your abilities to solve practical problems. 文凭并不意味着能力。雇主们会检查你解决实际问题的能力。 另类阅读: Towards graduation, he gradually realized it?s necessary to classify his classmates. Though they were in the same class and the same grade and can get diplomas, their qualities were of great difference. Some were fond of classical music and many just took interest in popular music. 2. clean tidy dirty dirt dust dusty dustbin garbage junk waste sweep clear clarify

explicit obvious ambiguous 记忆: 1. clean [ ??????] adj. 清洁的, 干净的, 清白的 v. 打扫 It?s our turn to clean the classroom today. 今天轮到我们打扫教室了。 2. tidy [ ???????] adj. 整洁的 vt. 弄整齐, 收拾, 整理 Don?t you think a tidy room is more pleasant to live in?你难道不认为整洁的房间住起来更舒适吗? 3. dirt [ ?????] n. 污垢, 泥土 Where have you been? Your face is covered with dirt.你到哪里去 来?脸上尽是灰。 4. dirty [??????? ] adj. 肮脏的, 卑鄙的, 下流的 vt.弄脏 In no case should we use dirty words. 我们决不能使用脏话。 5. dust [??????] n. 灰尘, 尘土, 尘埃 vt. 掸掉...上的灰尘 The deserted house was covered with dust. 那座废弃了的房子蒙上了灰尘。 6. duster [??????? ] n. 掸子, 打扫灰尘的人 The table is dusty. Go and find a duster for me. 桌上 有灰。去给我找把掸子来。 7. dusty [ ???????] adj. 满是灰尘的 His dusty face amused everyone.他满是灰尘的脸把大家逗 乐了。 8. dustbin [????????] n.<英> 垃圾箱 Throw the waste into the dustbin, will you?把废物扔进垃 圾箱,好吗? 9. garbage [ ?????????] n. 垃圾, 废物 ash can ,garbage can 或 garbage box<美>垃圾箱 The garbage can is used to store waste temporarily. 这垃圾箱用来暂时存放垃圾。 10. junk [ ??????] n. 垃圾, 舢板 The street full of junk is disgusting. 布满了垃圾的街道让人恶 心。 11. waste [?????? ] n. 废物, 荒地 adj. 废弃的, 荒芜的 vt. 浪费 Never waste time regretting. 不 要在后悔中浪费时间。 12. sweep [ ????? ] v. 扫, 席卷, 掠过 Houses were down where the typhoon swept over. 台风过后, 房屋倒地。 13. clear [ ?????] adj. 清楚的, 清晰的, 清澈的, 空旷的 n. 扫除, 清除 How I wish to see clean and clear water in the Fuhe river. 我多希望看到干净清凉的府河水! 14. clarify [ ??????????] vt. 澄清, 阐明 The result clarified his innocence. 事情的结果证明了 他的无知。 15. explicit [??????????? ] ex-plic-it plic = fold , explicit, 折出来的,Fully and clearly expressed; leaving nothing implied. adj. 清楚的, 直率的, 外在的 I don?t think his plan is explicit, is it?我认为他的计划并不清楚,你呢? 16. obvious [ ?????????????? ] ob-vi-ous ob-, 向外;vi, 看;-ous, 形容词后缀,obvious, 外面可看到的, adj. 明显的, 显而易见的 It? obvious that he told us a lie yesterday. 很显然他昨天 对我们说了谎。 17. ambiguous [ ??????????? ] am-bi-gu-ous bi-, 含义为“二、两” ,ambiguous,是 am 两 bi 个 gu; Open to more than one interpretation adj.暧昧的, 不明确的 Don?t you think what he said is ambiguous? 你不认为他说的话很暧昧吗? 另类阅读: It?s clear that our faces need washing and cleaning every day as our rooms need sweeping and tidying. Otherwise, they will be dirty, full of dust. No one likes a street filled with waste or garbage, and similarly, no one likes a dusty face. 3. climb climber comb tomb bomb bomber 记忆: 1. climb [?????? ] n.& v. 攀登, 爬 I was out of breath when I climbed to the top of the hill. 当

我爬到山顶时几乎喘不过气来。 2. climber [ ????????] n. 登山者, 攀缘植物 The house is covered with green climbers. 那房 子爬满了绿色的植物。 3. comb [????? ] c 联想梳子形状。 n.梳子, 梳, 鸡冠 vi.梳(发), 搜索 The doctor advised that he comb his hair with his fingers every day. 医生建议他每天用自己的手指梳理头发。 4. tomb [????? ] t 联想十字架。 n. 坟墓 v. 埋葬 The PC game Tomb Raider has two film editions 电脑游戏《古墓丽影》有两个电影版本。 5.bomb [?????] b 为爆破音。发音即是爆炸声。 n. 炸弹 vt. 投弹于, 轰炸 The village was thickly bombed by the American fighters.那个村庄受到了美国飞机的狂轰滥炸。 6. bomber [ ????? ] n. 轰炸机 They produce bombers for the air forces.他们为空军生产轰炸机。 另类阅读: A climber is to climb. Tom bombed an ancient tomb, only to find an ancient comb. 4. clock watch time second minute hour moment morning afternoon evening eve night day week month season year decade century 记忆: 1. clock [ ?????] n. 时钟 You are late again. You should have bought an alarm clock. 你又迟到 了,你早该买一个闹钟了。 2. watch [ ???? ] n. 手表,注视 vt. 看, 注视 The boy watched the clicking watch with great interest.男孩饶有兴趣地观看着滴答滴答的钟。 3. time [ ?????] n. 时间, 时机, 次数 vt. 安排...的时间, 计时 I will time when you stay under water.我来计你呆在水下的时间。 格言: All time is no time when it is past.光阴一 去不复返。 Everything has its time and that time must be watched.万物皆有时,时来不可 失。Time is money.一寸光阴一寸金。 4. second [ ??????? ] n. 秒, 片刻, 第二 The second you leave the room, you will get a big surprise. 你一离开这房间就会得到一份大惊喜。 5. minute [?????????? ] n. 分, 分钟, 片刻, 备忘录 vt. 记录, 摘录 adj. 微小的, 详细的 It takes only a few minutes to keep such a minute record.做这样的小记录只花几分钟时间。 6. hour [ ?????] n. 小时, 钟头 Not until half an hour later did the boy rise out of water. 半个小时 后男孩才浮出水面。 7. moment [ ???????? ] n.瞬间 Wait a moment, please. I?m coming.请稍等一下。我随后就到。 8. morning [???????? ] n. 早晨 He set out for Nanjing on a warm spring morning.在一个暖和 的春日早晨,他往南京去了。 9. noon [ ?????] n. 正午 The workers have a break at noon. 工人们正午时休息。 10. afternoon n. 下午 We have three classes in the afternoon. 我们下午上三节课。 11. evening n. 晚上 I hardly watch TV expect news in the evening. 晚上除了新闻,我很少看电视。 12. eve [i:v] n. 前夕 There is often a great celebration on Christmas Eve. 圣诞前夕常有一个盛大 的庆祝活动。 13. night n. 夜晚 I don?t think it?s necessary to study deep into the night. 我认为没有必要学习到深 夜。 14. day n. 白天 We work in the day and sleep at night. 我们白天工作晚上睡觉。 15. week n. 周 We will hold an English Week next month. 我们下月举行英语周活动。 16. month n. 月 January is the first month of year.元月是全年的第一个月。 17. season [?????????] n. 季节 Peaches are cheaper when in season.旺季时桃子更便宜。 18. year n. 年 Spring decides the result of the year.一年之计在于春。 19. decade [???????] dec 表示十;n. 十年 He lived in Yibin two decades ago.他二十年前住 在宜宾。

20. century [?????????] n. 世纪 With the new century beginning, more people hope for a peaceful world. 随着新世纪的来临,更多的人希望世界和平。 另类阅读: The watch and the clock are used for timing. A moment is a short period of time. The smallest unit of time is second. As we know, sixty seconds makes up a minute and sixty minutes makes up an hour. A day is made up of morning, noon, afternoon, evening and night. Seven days makes up a week and thirty or thirty-one days makes up a month, which originally means the time it takes the moon to go around the earth once. Three months forms a season, four seasons forms a year, ten years equals a decade and ten decades equals a century. 5. close closed closet shut open clothes cloth clothing laundry collar dollar 记忆: 1. close [?????] v. 关, 结束, 会合 n.结束 adj.近的, 封闭的, 亲密的, adv. 接近 The driver came close to being killed at the accident. 在车祸中司机差一点死了。 2. closed [??????] adj. 关闭的 He hurried to the shop, only to find the door closed. 他匆忙 赶到商店,却发现关门了。 3. closet [???????] 关起来的地方,n. 壁橱, 储藏室, water closet 厕所 He put the bowls into the closet and went out. 他把碗放进壁橱后出去了。 4. shut v. 关上, 闭上, 关闭 (迅速) Seeing the stranger coming, the boy shut the door at once. 看到那个 陌生人过来,男孩马上关了门。 5. open adj. 开着的, 敞开的,开阔的, 营业着的, 公开的 v. 打开, 公开, 开放 The policeman pushed the door open. 警察推开了门。 6. clothes [?????????????????] n. 衣物(复数名词)It?s colder and colder these days. Put on more clothes when you get up. 这些日子天气越来越冷了。起床后要多穿点衣服。 7. cloth [???????????????] n. 布料 The spring festival was coming. She bought some cloth to make new clothes for her daughter by herself. 要过年了。她买了些布料,准备自己为女 儿做点新衣服。 8. clothing [????????] n. 衣物(总称,不可数名词) The clothing in that shop is often in fashion. 那家商店里的衣服常常很时尚。 9. laundry [????????] laun-dry n.洗衣店 I will collect my clothes I sent to the laundry yesterday. 我要去拿我昨天送到洗衣店里的衣服。 10. collar [?????] n. 衣领 Do you know what are white collar, gray collar and blue collar?你知道 什么是白领、灰领,什么是蓝领吗? 11. dollar [`???????] n. 美元 Gray collar workers earn more dollars.灰领工人挣钱更多。 另类阅读: In the closed closet there are some clothes made of cloth worth thousands of dollars. If you open it, you will find a collar of fox fur. Such expensive clothing is often firmly shut. 6. cloud cloudy sun shine sunny wind windy window rain rainy umbrella snow snowy fog foggy frost frosty 记忆: 1. cloud [?????] n.云 vt. 以云遮敝, 使黯然 Look! The dark clouds are gathering. 看!乌云 越来越多了! 2. cloudy [???????] adj. 多云的, 阴天的, 阴沉 What a day! It?s another cloudy day. 真糟! 又是一个阴天。 3. sun n.太阳, 阳光 vt. 晒 Don?t read in the sun. It?s most silly under the sun. 不要在阳光下看书。 这是世上的傻事。 4. sunny adj. 阳光充足的, 照耀的, 快乐的 They are sunny boys. 他们是群快乐的男孩。 5. shine v. 照耀, 发光 vt. 擦亮 n. 光泽, 光亮 He will be a shining star sooner or later.他迟早会成

为一颗闪耀的明星。 6. wind n.风 v. 绕, 缠 Cold comes with the north wind. 北风呼啸,寒冷来到。 7. windy adj. 有风的 Close the window. It?s windy outside.请关上窗子。外面有风。 8. window wind-ow 通风的地方,window, n. 窗口 Tickets are sold at No. 5 window.五号窗口售票。 9. rain n. 雨, 下雨, 雨天 vi. 下雨 The heavy rain stopped us going on a trip. 由于大雨,我们 没有 去旅游。 10. rainy adj. 有雨的 I hate rainy days when I have to stay at home. 格言: Prepare for a rainy day.未雨绸缪。 11. umbrella [????????] um-bre-lla n. 雨伞 An umbrella can make your walk in the rain romantic. 一把雨伞可以让你感到雨中散步的浪漫。 12. snow n. 雪,vi. 下雪 Heavy snow suggests a rich harvest. 瑞雪兆丰年。 13. snowy adj. 下雪的 The wrong suffered by Dou E brought a snowy June. 窦娥蒙冤,六月飞雪。 14. fog n. 雾 What a thick fog we came across! 我们遭遇了一很好大的雾啊! 15. foggy adj. 有雾的,模糊的 Drive slowly in a foggy day. 雾天驾驶要慢点。 16. frost n. 霜 When can you see frost?你什么时候看到霜? 17. frosty [???????] adj. 有霜的,, (头发)灰白的 The frosty hair showed that the old man was weather-beaten. 灰白的头发表明老人饱经风霜。 另类阅读: In London you may experience all sorts of weather in a single day: it is foggy at the beginning; but before long dark clouds come and then heavy snow begins to fall down. A moment later, a wind blows the clouds away and the sun shines brightly. If you think you can be relaxed, you are mistaken. Clouds gather from nowhere and soon it becomes a rainy day. If you go out without an umbrella, you may become a drowned rat! 轻松一刻 TEACHER: In this box, I have a 10-foot snake. SAMMY: You can't fool me, Teacher... snakes don't have feet. 第十八天 1. coal coat coast goal charcoal carbon 记忆: 1. coal [ ???? ] n. 煤 n. 加煤 More and more families burn gas instead of coal.越来越多的家庭 用天然气取代了煤。 2. coat [??????] n. 外套 The new coat makes the boy handsome.新外衣使男孩看起来很英俊。 3. coast [ ????? ] n. 海岸 There are hundreds of small islands off the coast. 沿岸有几百座小岛。 4. goal [ ?????] n. 目标, 守门员, 球门, (球赛等的)得分 He shot at the goal but missed. 他射 门,但未射中。 5. charcoal [ ??????????] n. 木炭 In the countryside, some people still use charcoal to keep warm. 在乡下,一些人仍用木炭取暖。 6. carbon [ ??????? ] n. 碳 Carbon is a basic element in organic compound. 碳是有机物的基本 元素。 另类阅读: Our goal is to ship along the coast coal, which is made up mainly of carbon, and give it to the people with few coats and little charcoal. 2. coffee sofa café cage cafeteria 记忆: 1. coffee [ ????? ] 音“咖啡” I am not used to drinking coffee. 我不习惯喝咖啡。

2. sofa [ ?????? ] 音 “沙发” His wife was busy cooking while he watched TV sitting comfortably in the sofa.他妻子忙着做饭,他则舒舒服服地坐在沙发里看电视。 3. café [???????????????????] n. 咖啡馆, 小餐馆 I?m a little hungry. Let?s have something in that café .我有点饿。我们到那家小餐馆去吃点东西吧。 4. cage [???????] n.笼 Never treat our kids like birds in a cage. 不要把孩子当成是笼中的鸟。 5. cafeteria [ ???????????? ] n. 自助餐厅 We often have dinner at the school cafeteria. 我们 常在学校的自助餐厅吃饭。 另类阅读: Class over, Stony flew to a cafélike a bird out of a cage. He passed a cafeteria and then sat down in a sofa. He enjoyed a fish in the water tank while sipping his coffee. 3. cold sold fold unfold told hold gold 记忆: 1. cold [ ????? ] “寒冷刺骨” ,C, 拼音“刺” ,cold 冷, Be careful not to catch a cold. 当心感 冒。 2. sold [???????] 联想 sell, sell 的过去式, 过去分词 The books have been sold up.书已经卖完 了。 3. fold [ ??????] f, 字形弯曲,联想折叠,fold, She carefully folded the letter and put it into her pocket. 她小心翼翼地把信折好放在口袋里。 4. 加否定前缀 un-, unfold [????????? ] v. 展开 When the picture was unfolded, the knife came out. 图穷匕现。 5. told [ ??????] tell 的过去式,过去分词 I ever told you not to follow him. But you wouldn?t listen to me!我告诉过你不要跟他学。你就是不听! 6. hold [ ????? ] vt.拿着, 占据 Hold the ladder for me, will you?帮我撑住梯子,好吗? 7. gold [ ????? ] g 音 “贵” old, 老, , 长期以来; gold, 长期以来都是贵重的东西, 金子 The statue is made of pure gold.这尊塑像是用纯金做的。 格言: All that glitters is not gold. 闪光的 并非都是金子。 另类阅读: He told me to hold on and promised that he would come as soon as he sold out the cold gold. 4. collect collection collective select lecture gather gathering connect connection connected link 记忆: 1. 词根 lect [ ?????????? ]含义是“挑选,采集” 前缀 col 为 con 的变体,表示“共同, , 一起” ,collect [???????? ] 选到一起来,收集(有目的、系统地) My elder brother keeps a habit of collecting stamps.我哥哥有集邮的习惯。 2. 加名词后缀-ion, collection [ ????????? ] n. 收集,收藏品 One more stamp and my second collection will be completed. 再集一张,我的第二本集邮册就满了。 3. collective [???????????] adj. 收集的,n. 集体 What have we done for our collective?我 们为集体做了什么? 4. select [ ??????? ] vt. 挑选, 精选 Mother selected him a fashionable T-shirt.母亲为他选了一件 时尚的 T 恤衫。 5. lecture [ ??????? ] 挑选出来的东西,讲座(可不能随便讲) We found the lecture about the manned spacecraft terrific. 我们发觉关于载人航天飞机的讲座太棒了。 6. gather [ ????? ] vi. 集合, 聚集 vt. 使聚集, 搜集 We?ll gather apples for the farmers tomorrow. Please gather at the school gate in your plain clothes at 7:30 am.我们明天要为农民采收苹果,请穿上 便装 7 点半在校门口集合。 7. gathering [ ???????? ] n. 聚集 There is often a large gathering at the square at the weekend. 周末广场上常有大型的集会。

8. 词根 nect [ ?????? ] 含义是“捆扎”, connect, 把??捆扎在一起,联接,联系 The red rose is often connected with love. 红玫瑰往往与爱情有关。 9. connection [ ????????? ] 联系 Can you see the connection between the two events? 你能 看出这两件事之间的联系吗? 10. connected [?????????? ] adj. 有关联的 It?s said the rebellion is connected with him.据 说那次叛乱与他有关。 11. link [??????] lin 音近“连” ,n.链环, 连结物, 链接 vt.连结 Link the bright dots and you will find some greeting words. 把这些亮点连起来,你就会看到一些问候的文字。 另类阅读: People who collect stamps often gather at the weekend to exchange their collections that have no connection with profits. You can?t connect such a collective with business people. 5. college university universe institute institution colleague co-worker 记忆: 1. college [?????????] 词根 leg 表示 language 语言;前缀 col-是 con 的变体, “同” ;college, 同在一起说话听讲的地方,学院 My best friend works in a college in Chengdu.我最好的朋友在成都 的一所大学工作。 2. university [ ?????????????? ] uni-vers-ity n.(综合)大学(象宇宙一样包罗万象) Beijing University is where many senior students dream to go. 北京大学是许多高中学生梦想去的地方。 3. universe [ ?????????? ] uni-verse n. 宇宙 What we know about the universe is too limited. 我们对宇宙的了解太有限了。 4. institute [???????????? ] 音似“印试题” ,印试题的地方,学院,n. 学会, 学院, 协会 I hope to get a further study in Beijing Language Institute. 我希望能到北京语言大学进修。 5. institution [ ???????????????] n.公共机构, 协会, 制度 Some institutions offer help to those out of work.一些机构对失业的人提供帮助。 6. colleague [ ????????] league, 联盟,col-, 同;colleague, 同在一个联盟的人,n.同事, 同僚 I?m afraid he is not getting on well with his colleagues.恐怕他与同事相处得不是很好。 7. co-worker [ ?????????? ] co-, 即 con-, co-worker n.共同工作者, 合作者, 同事, 帮手 The common efforts by his co-workers made it possible for him to get fully prepared. 他的同事共同努 力使他可能做了充分准备。 另类阅读: Our colleagues in the institution help the colleges in the universities to study the universe. 6. bury burial funeral mourn busy 记忆: 1. bury [ ????? ] vt. 埋葬, 掩埋, 隐藏 To bury your head in the sand is to fool yourself.你不能像 驼鸟一样把头埋在沙子里,那是自欺欺人。 2. burial [ ??????? ] n. 埋葬 The burial of the king means the end of the old era. 埋了国王,结 束了一个旧的时代。 3. funeral [ ?????????? ] fu-ner-al 音“赴那儿” ,送死者到天堂那儿去的, n.葬礼, 出殡 The dead is often highly praised at his funeral. 在葬礼上死者常常得到高度赞扬。 4. mourn [ ???? ] m-our-n 没了我们的人哪,v. 哀悼, 忧伤, 服丧 He said before his death that we shouldn?t waste time mourning him.他去逝前告诫我们不要浪费时间去悼念他。 5. busy [?????? ] adj. 忙碌的, 热闹的 I wouldn?t like to go to a shop at its busy time. 我不想在 商店人多的时候去。 另类阅读: Before they buried the dead in the morning, they asked a busy priest to host the funeral. When it?s time for the burial, the mourning people began to howl…

7. comfortable uncomfortable cosy comfort comrade 记忆: 1. comfort [ ??????? ] fort,音“福的” “舒服的” ,comfort, 使人舒服的,安慰 The news comforted his mother a lot. 那条消息极大地安慰了他母亲。 2. 加形容词后缀-able, comfortable [ ???????????] adj. 舒服的,安逸的 A comfortable room may not make a capable man.舒适的环境可能造就不了一个能干的人。 3. uncomfortable [????????????? ] adj. 令 人 不 舒 服 的 What he said was uncomfortable for most people.他的话对多数人来说是不舒服的。 4. cosy 联想 cool, 爽, adj. 舒适的, 安逸的 He has a very cozy bed.他有一个安乐窝。 5. comrade [ ????????] rade, 联想 road, 路; comrade, 同一条路上的, 同志 When we mention Comrade Deng Xiaoping, a special admiration and respect arise in our heart.我们一提到邓小平同志, 内心里就会产生一种特别的钦佩和尊敬。 另类阅读: When he doesn?t feel comfortable, his comrade often comes to comfort him. 8. common usual ordinary normal abnormal 记忆: 1. common [ ?????? ] 前缀 com 表示 “共同, 一起”, common adj. 共同的, 常见的 It?s common that we find something in common with strangers.在陌生人间找到共同点也很常见。 2. usual [ ???????? ] adj. 经常的 He often sits in his usual seat.他一般坐他通常的那个座位。 3. unusual [ ?????????? ] adj. 不寻常的, 罕见的 It?s unusual for him to give up the chance to go abroad.他放弃出国的机会,这很不寻常。 4. ordinary [ ????????? ] adj. 普通的,一般的 After all, we are ordinary people. Never wishes it would rain dollars. 我们毕竟是普通人。不要指望天上会掉馅饼。 5. extraordinary [??????????????????????????????] adj. 非凡的 I saw an extraordinary painting at the exhibition center last week.上周我在展览中心看到了一张非凡的油画。 6. normal [ ??????? ] adj. 正常的,正常 Everything returned to normal soon. 不久,一切恢复正 常。 7. abnormal [?????????? ] adj. 不正常 It?s abnormal for the river to be so smelly. 河千发出如 此的臭味,这很不正常。 另类阅读: It?s normal that a common disease hits young people. As usual, we ordinary people must be careful. 轻松一刻: A man saw a friend wearing a pair of crocodile shoes, and was very envious. When his friend told him they were very expensive, he was determined to hunt a crocodile himself. He found a pond, jumped in and fought fiercely against a crocodile for a long time before he dragged it out to the ground. Then a sigh was heard from him, "It's a great waste of time! The crocodile has worn no shoes at all!" 第十九天 companion accompany firm confirm enterprise

1. company 记忆: 1. 前缀 com 表示“共同,一起”, pan, 音“伴” ,-y 为名词后缀;company [ ?????????] n. 陪 伴, 公司 Good company on the road is the shortest cut. 行路有良伴就是捷径。 格言: man is known A by the company he keeps.了解一个人可以通过他周围的人。 2. 加后缀-ion, companion [??????????? ] n. 伙伴,同伴 He invited his companions to have some coffee. 他邀请了他的伙伴喝了点咖啡。

3. 加 前 缀 -a, accompany [?????????? ] vt. 陪 伴 Would you please accompany this gentleman to the hospital? He doesn?t feel well enough. 请你陪这位先生上医院,好吗?他感到不太 舒适。 4. firm [ ?????] n. 公司, (合伙)商号 adj. 结实的, 坚硬的, 坚定的 He ran a firm with his friend who was of firm will.他和一个意志顽强的人一起开了一家公司。 5. confirm [????????? ] con-firm vt.确定, 批准, 使巩固, 使有效 n.确认 His ambitious plan has been confirmed, to everyone?s joy.使大家高兴的是,他的雄心勃勃的计划得到了批准。 6. enterprise [ ?????????? ] enter-prise(price) 进入创造价值的地方, n. 企业, 事业 Can we build our factory into a modern enterprise?我们能把我们的工厂建设成为一家现代化的企业吗? 另类阅读: Don?t worry. His companions in the company/firm will accompany his father to hospital while he is away in Beijing. 2. computer microcomputer compute hardware chip keyboard click mouse software download upload network internet web website 记忆: 1. put 放;compute, 放到一起来计算,计算 He can do computing much faster than any other boy in the class. 他比班上的其他男孩都算得快得多。 2. computer [????????????] n. 计算机,电脑 The computer has been a must like a TV set in the house.在家里,电脑与电视机一样已经成为一种必备的东西。 3. 前缀 micro 表示 “微”, microcomputer [????????????????????] n. 微机 As a matter of fact, most of the computers at home are microcomputers.事实上,家用电脑多数是微型电 脑。 4. hardware [??????????] n. 硬件 The hardware of a computer includes a CPU, memory, hard disk, monitor and so on.电脑的硬件包括中央处理器、内存、硬盘、显示器等等。 5. software [ ???????? ] n. 软件 The software is like the soul of humans while the hardware is like the body. 软件是电脑的灵魂,而硬件是电脑的躯体。 6. chip [ ???? ] n. 芯片 They are developing a new kind of chip that can be planted into our brains. 他们正在 开发一种可以植入我们大脑的芯片。 7. keyboard [ ?????????] n. 键盘 The keyboard can?t be completely replaced in the coming years. 键盘在最近几年还不可能被完全取代。 8. click [????? ] n. 发出滴答声, 点击 Click the mouse and your email will be sent. 点一下鼠 标,你的邮件就发送出去了。 9. mouse [ ???? ] n. 鼠. 鼠标 Why do you call it a mouse?你为什么把它叫做鼠标呢? 10. download [?????????] v. 下载 He likes to download MP3 from some free websites.他喜 欢从一些免费网站上下载 MP3。 11. upload [????????? ] v. 上传 Your articles can be uploaded to the internet soon 你的文章 很快就会上传到因特网上。 12. network [ ???????? ] n. 网络, 网状物 The network is marvelous. 网络太神奇了。 13. internet 音“因特” ,因特网 Without internet, the life would be quite dull.没有因特网,生活会很 枯燥。 14. web [ ??? ] n. 网, 蛛丝 The spider uses its web to catch insects.蜘蛛用网捉昆虫。 15. website n. 网络站点 Can we own a website of our own?我们可以拥有自己的网站吗? 另类阅读: Internet is a kind of network composed of connected computers that have both hardware and software. Chips are the key parts of the hardware. You may click the mouse or the keyboard to download something useful or upload something you?d like to share.

3. tent went sent bent lent rent spent 记忆: 1. tent [ tent ] 两边的 t 表示帐篷的支撑边沿, tent n. 帐篷 Many people in Mongolia live in tents. 很 多蒙古人住在帐篷里。 2. went go 的过去式。 At the sight of the star, many fans went crazy. 一看到明星,歌迷们疯狂起来。 3. sent [ sent ] send 的过去式 A doctor has been sent for. 已派人去请医生了。 4. bent [ bent ] bend 的过去式 When he bent down to pick the note up, a car ran over and hit him.当他 弯腰去捡钱的时候,一部车过来撞在他身上。 5. lent [ lent ] lend 的过去式 He is likely to have forgotten the money I lent him last month. 他很可能 把我上月借给他的钱忘了。 6. rent [ rent ] ren, 音“人” rent, 别人的,租的,v. 租 We rented a house for the time being. 我们 , 眼下租了一幢房子。 7. spent [ spent ] spend 的过去式 Money shouldn?t have been spent in that way. 钱不应该那样花。 另类阅读: We spent a whole night in a tent lent to us by an Arabian who went and sent his son to China. 4. regret remember recite forget regretful 记忆: 1. regret [ ????????] n. 遗憾, 悔恨 vt.为...感到遗憾, 后悔, vi.感到抱歉。注意:regret doing something 后悔做了; regret to do something 遗憾地要做 How I regret refusing your advice!我多后悔没有听 你的忠告! 2. regretful [ ?????????? ] adj. 后悔的, 抱歉的, 惋惜的, 遗憾的 You can see from his face that he is regretful now.从他的脸上你可以看出他现在后悔了。 3. remember [ ???????? ] mem 联想 memory 记忆,re-表示“又” remember, 又想起,vt. 回 , 忆起, 铭记, 纪念 vi. 记得 注意:remember doing something 记得做过;remember to do something 记住 要做 Remember to remember me to your parents.记住代我向你的父母问好! 4. recite [???????? ] cite, 引用 recite, 再次引用,先要背诵,v.背诵, 朗读 It?s helpful in our language study to recite wonderful passages.背诵一些精彩段落对我们的语言学习有好处。 5. forget [ ???????] vt. 忘记, 忽略 注意:forget doing something 忘了做过??,forget to do 忘 了做。The light is still on. He has forgotten to turn it off. 灯还亮着。他忘了关了。 另类阅读: I regret forgetting to remember the new words. How regretful I am! 5. conductor conduct produce product production productive reproduce reduce reduction introduce introduction introductive 记忆: 1. 词根 duc, duct 含义是“引导,传导”conduct [ ???????? ] n.行为 v.引导, 传导 Metals conduct electricity.金属导电。 2. conductor [?????????? ] n. 导体,领导者, 售票员 The conductor will help you find your seat. 乘务员会帮你找到座位的。 3. produce [ ????????? ] 前缀 pro-, 前; produce, 向前引导, 引起, 生产; 提出, 生产, 引 vt. 起 n. 产物, 农产品 Our factory produces nuclear fuel for the power plant.我们工厂为电站生产核 燃料。 4. product [??????????] n. 产品, 产物, 乘积 The product must meet the demand of the market. 产品一定要满足市场的需求。 5. production [ ???????????] n.生产, 产品, 作品, (研究)成果 The mass production can decrease the cost and thus they can be not so expensive. 大规模生产能降低成本, 从而使产品便宜些。

6. productive [ ?????????? ] adj. 生产性的, 生产的, 多产的 Jinyong is a productive writer. 金庸是位多产的作家。 7. reproduce [ ????????????? ] 再生产, 繁殖 Bacteria can reproduce themselves. 细菌 v. 能自我繁殖。 8. introduce [ ???????????? ] 前缀 intro-,表示“向” ;introduce, 向??引导,介绍,引进 May I introduce myself to you? 我可以向你作一下自我介绍吗? 9. introduction [?????????????? ] n. 介绍,引进 A brief introduction was given to all the contestants.所有的参与者都得到一份简要的介绍。 10. introductive [ ??????????????] adj. 介绍性的 Can you write something introductive about the natural beauty of our hometown? 你能否写点东西介绍一下我们家乡的自然美景呢? 11. reduce [??????????] 前缀 re- 表示 back“向后” ,reduce 向后引导,即恢复到原来数量, 减少。 The number must be reduced.必须减少其数量。 12. reduction [???????????] n. 减少 The reduction of the pay resulted in fierce protest from the workers.工资减少,工人们提出了强烈的抗议。 另类阅读: The conductor said this product never conduct electricity even when it?s wet. 6. congratulation gratitude congratulate celebrate celebration ceremony accelerate grateful

记忆: 1. grate 联想 great, 好的,congratulate [??


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