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直接引语与间接引语-教案


教案
授课时间:2013 年 4 月 16 日 授课题目 星期二 第 3、4 节 授课地点:1401
Unit 2 直接引语和间接引语 2 知识与技能: 1.进一步了解直接引语,间接引语的概念。

教学目标

2.掌握好怎样把直接引语(祈使句、疑问句)转换成间接引语。 过程与方法: 归纳直接引语(祈使句、疑问句)转换间接

引语的技巧、方法与规律。 情感与价值观:体会怎样正确转达别人的话。

教学重点 教学难点 教学方法 教学手段

直接引语(祈使句、疑问句)变间接引语。 直接引语(祈使句、疑问句)变间接引语的方法与规律。 讲授法、练习法 多媒体

教学过程与内容
一、提出目标,创设情境 1. Review:直接引语和间接引语的定义 直接引语:直接引述别人的话语,并置于引号之内。 例:The girl said, “I like English very much.” 那个女孩说:“我非常喜欢英语。” 间接引语:用自己的语言转述别人的话语。 例:The girl said that she liked English very much. 那个女孩说她非常喜欢英语。 2. Review: 直接引语是陈述句时: 1) 人称的变化 2) 时态的变化 3) 指示代词、时间状语、地点状语和动词的变化 3. 新内容:直接引语变间接引语 1) 祈使句 2) 疑问句: ① 一般疑问句 ② 特殊疑问句 二、呈现引导材料(先行组织者) Be careful of the fire.

Jim asked Daming, “Do you do exercises every morning?” 怎样把祈使句和疑问句的直接引语改成间接引语呢? 三、讲授学习材料 1)当直接引语为祈使句时: 要将祈使句的动词原形变为带 to 的不定式, 并在不定式的前面根据句子的意思加上 tell, ask, order 等动词, 如 果祈使句为否定式, 在不定式的前面加 not。 例:①Be quiet→ He ordered / told me to be quiet. ②Follow me please. → He asked me to follow him.

③Don’t make noise. → He ordered / told me not to make noise. ④Mother said ,“Get up, Julia.” → Mother told Julia to get up. ⑤The officer said to us, “Go away.” → The officer ordered us to go away. ⑥The teacher said ,?Don’t be late again, Mary.?→ The teacher told Mary not to be late again. 2) 当直接引语为一般疑问句时: 谓语动词是 say 或 said 时,要改为 ask 或 asked,原问句变成由连词 if(或 whether)引导的宾语从句。没 有间接宾语的,可以根据情况加上。 例:① She asked me,?Do you know my name??→ She asked me whether / if I knew her name. ② She asked me,?Do you like English?? → She asked me whether / if I liked English. ③ She asked me,?Can you help me?? → She asked me whether / if I could help her. ④ “Are you at home yesterday?”, she asked. → She asked me whether / if I was at home the day before. ⑤ “Are you ready?”, she asked. → She asked me whether / if I was ready. 3) 当直接引语为特殊疑问句时: 直接引语如果是特殊疑问句,变为间接引语时,仍用原来的引导词引导。 例:① She asked, ?What are you doing?”→ She asked me what I was doing. ② He asked me,?Why do you like English?” → He asked me why I liked English. ③ She asked me,“ Where does he live?” → She asked me where he lived. ④ She asked me ,“How does she go to school?” → She asked me how she went to school. 四、检查理解程度,并强化思考技能 活动 1:选择题 1.“Please close the window,” he said to me. →He ______ me _____ the window. A. said to; to close B. told to; closing C. asked ; to close D. said to; please close 2. He said, “Don’t do that again.” He _____ me _______ that again. A. said to; not to do B. said to; don’t do C. told; don’t do D. told; not to do 3. “Don’t put it on my hat.”his wife said to him. His wife told him ___put it on ___hat. A. don’t, his B. don’t, her C. not to, his D. not to, her 4. Rose asked Tom, “Did you see my purse?” Rose asked Tom ___. A. whether that he had seen her purse B. whether he had seen her purse C. that whether he had seen her purse D. that if he has seen her purse 5. He asked me ________ with me. A. what the matter is B. what the mater was C. what’s the matter

D. what was the matter 6. He asked , “Are you a Party member or a League member?” →He asked me ______. A. am I a Party member or a League member B. was I a Party member or a League member C. if I was a Party member or a League member D. whether was I a Party member or a League member 7. “You’ve already got well, haven’t you?” she asked. →She asked ________. A. if I have already got well, hadn’t you B. whether I had already got well C. have I already got well D. had I already got well. 8. He asked ________ for the computer. A. did I pay how much B. I paid how much C. how much did I pay D. how much I paid 9. The boy said, “May I go along with you?” The boy asked me ___. A. if I might go along with you B. if he might go along with you C. if he might go along with me D. if he might go along with the boy 10. He said,?Mother, the boy is very naughty.” →He ____ very naughty. A. said his mother that the boy was B. said to his mother that the boy is C. told his mother that the boy was D. spoke to his mother that the boy was 活动 2: 作业 把下列直接引语改成间接引语 1. He said to me, ?Please come again tomorrow.? 2. He said to me, ?Don’t do that again.? 3. Mom said,? Don‘t chat with strangers. ? 4. "Don't make any noise," the teacher said to the students. 5.?Open the door, please," said she. 6. He asked, ?Where are you to get off, John?? 7. He asked, ?How do you come to school.? 8. He asked, ?Are you a teacher or a student?? 9.She asked, ?Do you see a monkey?? 10.Betty says to Harry," I want to borrow your book.? Unit 2 直接引语和间接引语 2(祈使句、疑问句) 当直接引语为: 1. 祈使句:to 不定式 加上 tell、order、ask 等动词 2. 一般疑问句:ask、asked if / whether 引导的宾语从句 3. 特殊疑问句:原来的引导词


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