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2.精品-高中英语语法通霸不定冠词a an的用法


高中英语语法通霸冠词 2 不定冠词 a,an 的基本用法
A. /; the 考点1. a, an 的选择 名词前用 a 还是用 an 关键是看该单词音标中第一个音素 是元音音素还是辅音音素。 There is ______ ―u‖ in the word ―use‖. 这里用 a。 因为字母 u 的读音为?????,???为辅音音素。 在 26 个字母前: 用 a 的

有 14 个:b, c, d, g, j, k, p, q, t, u, v, w, y, z; 用 an 的有 12 个:a, e, i, o; f, l, m, n, s, x; h; r 。 用 an 的情况分类记为: A. 元音字母(4 个) :a, e, i, o B. 字母读音中第一个音素为 ???(6 个) : f ????, l ????, m ????, n ????, s ????, x ????? C. 字母读音中第一个音素为 ????(1 个) :h ?????? D. 字母读音中第一个音素为 ???? (1 个):r ???? 1. Mr. Taylor has ______ 8-year-old daughter who is ______ girl for painting – she has won two nation prizes. A. a; a B. an; the C. an; a D. the; a 2. Susan, ______ university student from Europe, teaches me ______ art in her spare time. A. an; / B. a; the C. a; / D. an; the 3. A little boy wrote ______ ―U‖ and ______ ―n‖ on the wall. A. a; an B. an; a C. an; an D. a; a 4. Now he is ______ artist. I have known him since he was ______ one-year-old boy. A. a; an B. a; a C. an; an D. an; a 5. 【2004 浙江】The Wilsons live in ______ A-shaped house near the coast. It is ______ 17th century cottage. A. the; / B. an; the C. /; the D. an; a 考点2. a/an 有表示“每一个”之意,不能用 one 替换 6. The train is running fifty miles ______. A. an hour B. one hour C. the hour D. a hour B. a; the C. a; / D. /; the

10. 【2007 福建】—How about ______ Christmas evening party? —I should say it was ______ success. A. a; a B. the; a C. a; / D. the; / 11. 【 2007 浙江】 I like ______ color of your skirt. It is ______ good match for your blouse. A. a; the B. a; a C. the; a D. the; the 12. 【2012 山东】Being able to afford ______ drink would be ______ comfort in those tough times. A. the; the B. a; a C. a; / D. /; a 13. ______ on-going division between English-speaking Canadians and French-speaking Canadians is ______ major concern of the country. A. The; / B. The; a C. An; the D. An; / 考点4. 用在某些物质名词或抽象名词前表示“一种、一类、 一份、一场、一阵”(参看 P.错误!未定义书签。错 误!未找到引用源。 ) 如:That’s a green tea. 那是一种绿茶。 They were caught in a heavy rain. 他们淋了一场大雨。 It’s a great pleasure to have a talk with you. 和你谈话是件快乐的事情。 14. —What would you like, sir? — ______. A. Two cups coffee C. Two coffees

B. Two cups of coffees D. Two cup of coffees

考点5. 用在一些专有名词和一些本身前面要用定冠词的名 词前 表示某个时期或具有某种特征的人或物。此时,专有 名词常有前置修饰性定语。 In four minutes he was met by an anxious Miss Cramb. 四分钟之后,焦急的克朗姆小姐向他迎来。 She is now a different Miss Nancy from what she was when she was my neighbor. 她现在已不是与我为邻居时的那个南希小姐了。 15. 【2010 江苏】 The visitors here are greatly impressed by the fact that ______ people from all walks of life are working hard for ______ new Jiangsu. A. /; a B. /;the C. the; a D. the; the 16. 【2009 安徽】 We can never expect ______ bluer sky unless we create ______ less polluted world. A. a; a B. a; the C. the; a D. the; the 考点6. 用在人名或星期前, 表示“某一”, 相当于 a certain 不定冠词用于人名或星期几之前,表示说话者对所 谈及的人或时间把握不大,不知道到底是谁或哪个星期 几。此时的不定冠词相当于 one 或 a certain。 17. 【2014 重庆】I can’t tell you ______ way to the Wilsons’ because we don't have ______Wilson here in the village. A. the; a B. a; / C. a: the D. the; / 18. 【 2005 山 东 】 I know ______ John Lennon, but not ______ famous one .

7. The new D-type trains can run at speeds of 200 to 250 kilometers ______ hour. The trip from Shanghai to Beijing only takes 10 hours now. A. a B. an C. the D. / 考点3. help, success, honor, must, wonder, failure, wonder 表示具体意义时(参看 P.错误!未定义书签。错误! 未找到引用源。 ) 抽象名词在表示具体意义(译为“……的人或事” ) 时是可数名词,其前用不定冠词。 This book is a great success. 这本书很成功。 He is a success as a writer. 他作为作家是成功的。 He is a great help to me. 他对我帮助很大。 This dictionary is a great help. 这本字典很有用。 8. Mr. Smith told us that ______ gold medal his son had got was considered ______ great honor to the whole family. A. the; / B. the; a C. a; a D. a; the 9. Don’t you think it ______ surprise that a German cannot speak ______ German language?

A. /; a

B. a; the

C. /;

the

D. the; a

19. 【 2005 湖 南 】 I can’t remember when exactly the Robinsons left ______ city. I only remember it was ______ Monday. A. the; the B. a; the C. a; a D. the; a 考点7. 用在人名、地名等前面,相当于汉语中的“借代” 修辞手法 用于人名、地名、书名之前,表示所提及的人或物 与专有名词所指的人或物具有相同的性质。 He is a Shakespeare in his dramatic skill. 在戏剧技巧方面他可以说是莎翁再世。 20. 【 2011 浙 江 】 Experts think that ______ recently discovered painting may be ______ Picasso. A. the; / B. a; the C. a; / D. the; a 21. 【2015 四川】Brian is gifted in writing music; he is very likely to be______ Beethoven. A. a B. an C. the D. 不填 考点8. be of an (a) age /size /height /shape /color /weight/ type /price 等表示“相同的” Those windows are of a size. 这些窗户大小相同。 =Those windows are of the same size. They are nearly of an age. 他们基本同龄。 =They are nearly of the same age. 22. These two Christmas trees are of ______size, but the one they bought yesterday is maybe twice ______size of them. A. the; the B. a; the C. a; a D. the; a

3. 【2009 浙江】The driver put the window down and offered us a umbrella, because he found we were wet through. 4. People there have two meals one day. 5. The train is running fifty miles one hour. one 改为 an II. 语法填空(每空至多填三词) 6. 【 2014 湖南】 By avoiding things likely to upset your neighbors, you can enjoy ______ friendly relationship with them. 7. 【2014 上海】Peter Fox, who is ______electrical engineer, spent two and a half years working on the project. 8. He is ______ (fail) as a father. His son has been spoiled by him. 9. —Can I speak to Mr. Green? —Sorry. There isn’t ______ Mr. Smith here. 10. The party last night was ______ great success. We sang and danced until it came to ______ end at 12:00. III. 写作技能提升 11. 就在那时, 有一个七岁的小女孩正步行穿越马路。 (there be, walk across) 12. 他考试总是在班级名列第一,竞赛中总是获一等奖。他 是他家庭的荣耀, 是我们班级的骄傲。 (rank first, the first prize, in competitions, an honor to , the pride of) 13. 由于他把大部分时间都用在学英语上,难怪他英语说得 这么好。 (as, devote…to, no wonder, fluently) 14. 这次演出远不是什么失败。事实上,它是一次极大的成 功。 (the performance, far from, failure, success)

15. 要学好英语,一本好的字典是必需的。 ( dictionary, a
must) I. 单句改错 1. 【2014 辽宁】Besides, Cleo tends to bark a average of six hours a day. 2. 【2008 四川】 I have decided to buy them some nice gifts. It will be a big surprising for them. 16. 我们中每一个人都应当为创造一个更美丽的世界而做出 贡献。 (every one, make a contribution to, create, world )

答 案:
第1讲 不定冠词 a,an 的基本用法 7. an;元音前用 an。 1. 6. 11. 16. 21. C A C A A 2. 7. 12. 17. 22. C B B A B 3. 8. 13. 18. A B B B 4. 9. 14. 19. D B C D 5. 10. 15. 20. D B A D 8. a failure;failure 失败的人或事。 9. a;表示某一个。 10. a, an;a success 成功的人或事;come to an end 结束。 11. Just then, there was a seven-year-old girl walking across the street.q329950885 12. He always ranks first in exams and wins the first prizes in competitions. He is a great honor to his family and the pride of our class. 13. As he has devoted most of his time to learning English, it’s no wonder he speaks it so fluently. 14. The performance is far from a failure. In fact, it’s a great success. 15. To learn English well, a good dictionary is a must. 16. Every one of us should make a contribution to creating a more beautiful world.

1. average 前的 a 改为 an;元音前用 an。 2. surprising 改为 surprise; surprise 可以指 “令人吃惊的 人或事” 。 3. a 改为 an;元音前用 an。 4. one 改为 a;a 有“每一个”的意思,而 one 没有。 5. one 改为 a;a 有“每一个”的意思,而 one 没有。 6. a;relationship 是可数名词。


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