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2014年8月份百题精练(1)


2014 年 8 月份百题精练(1) 英语试题
第三部分:阅读理解(共 20 小题,每题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。 A With its private hidden coves(小海湾) and pink beaches, Bermuda is a perfect place for relaxation and romance, 'though this tiny string of Atlantic islands covers only 21 square miles, there's much to see and do . Spend the days boating, golfing, shopping or swimming with dolphins. Explore secret caves, visit historical museums and churches.Bermuda's nightlife offers everything from fine dining to fast food, jazz clubs to Irish pubs. Even though a large number of people live on this small island, you should never feel crowded.There arc no ad boards or signs, and relatively few cars to spoil the beauty of the countryside.Most houses seem to fit quite naturally into the scenery. Bermuda consists of nine parishes(教区) .Pembroke, which surrounds the capital city of I lamilton, is the largest parish in population; St.George has the largest land area. Because of its small size, it's easy to get to know the island.There's much to see, whether you travel by bike, ferry, bus. or taxi. You'll need plenty of time. though, because the pace is slow. Cars and other motorized vehicles must observe the top speed of 15 mph in Hamilton and St. George, 20 mph in the country side. The speed limits are strictly enforced, and there are soovere punishments for breaking the rules. Once you've done all the must-sees, you'll want to walk around and make discoveries on your own. The best parishes for walking are Somerset, St. George, and Hamilton.But don't fill your days with too much structured sightseeing.You'll want time to lie on the beach and play in the water, and to enjoy moments like sitting by the harbor in the late afternoon, enjoying the views as the sailing boats pass by.Absorbing Bermuda's beauty at your own pace, and stopping to chat with the occasional islander, is really the point. 56.According to the text, which of the following is not true of St.George? A.It has the largest population. B.It has the largest land area. C.It is suitable to be toured on foot. D.Its cars travel in a very low speed. 57.In Bermuda, you can enjoy all the following except _ ___ __. A.swimming with dolphins B.its colorful nightlife C.visiting some churches D.fast racing cans 58.You will need plenty of time to sightsee Bermuda because___ __. A.it is a crowded island B.there is no public transportation C.it has very strict speed limits
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D.you have to walk around only 59.In the writer's opinion, . A.Bermuda is, a relaxing and natural place B.people in Bermuda are living a lazy life C.it's unreasonable to forbid ad boards and signs D.everyone should finish the must-sees first 60.From the last paragraph we can learn that ____. A.it's easy to enjoy the natural beauty in Bermuda B.to experience Bermuda's beauty freely is necessary C.it's difficult to chat with local islanders in Bermuda D.not everyone is allowed to lie on the beach B Although new laws have been passed in some American states to cut down on distracted(分心的)driving, many accidents and deaths were still related with it, especially using cell phones while driving. Recently the Obama administration is considering disabling cell phones in cars, aiming to out down cell-phone-related road deaths. Transportation Secretaryy Ray LaHood, the nation’s anti-distracted-driving supporter, said in an interview on November 18 that federal officials are looking at technology to disable cell phones inside cars. “I think it will be done," LaHood said."I think the technology is there and 1 think you're going to see the technology become adaptable in automobiles to disable these cell phones.We need to do a lot more if we were going to save lives." Also on Thursday, the transportation government started a new "Faces of Distracted Driving" video campaign that features people who have been killed or lost their loved ones because of inattentive drivers.The video features heartbreaking stories of children killed in crashes because of phoning or text messaging, and new videos are expected to be added every few weeks. A driver is four times more likely to crash while using a mobile phone. More than 5,500 people were killed last year by distracted drivers, and another 500,000 were injured.LaHood has said it is never safe to talk on a cell phone while driving, hands-free or not, because it can really cause distraction. Incidentally, a lot of people seem to agree with this viewpoint—a new research shows nearly two-thirds of Americans support a national ban on the use of cell phones while driving, even if the driver is using a hands-free device(装置) .But the research didn't ask how people feel about government-issued mobile phone scramblers or other disabling devices. 61.The Obama administration is considering disabling cell phones in cars because ___ . A.there is no national laws to prevent the use of cell phones in cars B.most drivers take no notice of American laws C.using phones while driving has caused many accidents D.cell phone technology needs to be developed 62.We can learn from the text that Ray LaHood___ . A.is in charge of the invention of the technology
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B.thinks it's easy and practical to invent the technology C.thinks it's unnecessary to use cell phone while driving D.is strongly for the use of the technology in cars 63.The "Faces of Distracted Driving" video campaign aims to ____ . A.find out the real drivers who caused the accidents B.make the public aware of the terrible results of distracted driving C.call on drivers to buy the new device which disables cell phones in cars D.show that most of the victims in car crashes are children 64.In the last paragraph, the "mobile phone scramblers" are probably___ . A.a kind of disabling devices B.a kind of hands-free devices C.a new kind of cell phones D.new devices to help text messaging 65.We can infer from the text that___ __. A.most people realize the harmfulncss of distracted driving B.most people would like to choose hands-free devices while driving C.the disabling devices in cars will be widely used if it is free D.the writer is not sure whether disabling devices will be accepted by the drivers C It would be a totally dark world without your eyesight.However, there is a lot we can do to preserve our eyesight. Protect your eyes from the sun.Continuous exposure to the sun's UV rays(紫外线) can severely damage your eyes over time.The UV rays from the sun will result in brown spots in the eyes or some eye diseases, in order to prevent harmful UV rays.if you plan to be in the sun for extended periods of time, you need to wear protective eye wear. Practice disease prevention.Diabetes(糖尿病) is among the few diseases that can cause blindness if left untreated, mistreated or undiagnosed.One of the best ways to prevent disease related blindness is to prevent or control your disease.For example, if you have diabetes it is highly recommended that you eat a healthy diet.check your blood sugar often and lake medicine if your blood sugar is above 150. Add vitamin A to your diet. This concept is usually taught during your younger years. Vitamin A is required for the production of rhodopsin which is an eye pigment(色素) highly sensitive to light that is used to see in poor lighting conditions. To get your healthy portion of vitamin A, you can go to your local grocery store and pick up carrots, broccoli and other cruciferous(十字花科) vegetables. Visit your eye doctor routinely.Visiting your eye doctor can keep you up to dale on your eye health.You should visit your eye doctor for an eye exam once every one to two years (more often if you wear glasses) to help you keep good eyesight.You are advised to see your eye doctor immediately if you experience eye diseases or symptoms like loss of eye vision, eye pain, redness and itching around the eyes because prolonged eye diseases can result in permanent eye damage or blindness. 66.In which section in a web site can you see this text? A.Family. B.Food. C.Sports. D.Health.
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67.The writer takes diabetes for example in order to tell us . A.the painfulness of being blind B.some diseases can damage eyesight C.the best way to prevent this kind of diseases D.the importance of healthy diet 68.If you sometimes can't see things clearly at dusk, you___ __. A.are sure to have some kind of eye disease B.must have exposed your eyes to the sun for a long time C.should add more vitamin A to you daily diet D.should have your eyes examined and operated 69.We can learn from the text that _ __. A.all vegetables arc helpful to our eyesight B.Vitamin A can be more helpful when we are young C.taking Vitamin A pills can be more helpful to our eyesight D.a diet with no Vitamin A can cause blindness 70 . The underlined word "prolonged" in the last paragraph can probably be replaced by . A.delayed B.frightened C.hidden D.slight D About five years ago, an American electrical engineer named Scott Brusaw and his wife Julie camp up with the idea of putting solar panels(控制板)on the ground rather than the roof. Then they began to develop the Solar Roadways. The Solar Roadway is an intelligent road that provides clean renewable energy using power from the sun. while providing safer driving conditions, along with power and data delivery. They predict that the Solar Roadway will pay for itself through the generation of electricity along with other forms of income and that the same o\money that is being used to build and resurface current roads can be used to build the Solar Roadways. Each Solar Road Panel measures roughly 4 meters by 4 meters and contains a microprocessor (微处理器) that monitors and controls the panel, while communicating with neighboring panels and the vehicles traveling overhead.The inventors suggest that this provides a communications device every 4 meters on every road which could be used for example to warn drivers of cars which are moving across a centre line and various other speed control problems.The top of the Solar Road panels is made of super-strong glass that would offer vehicles the tractions(抓地力) they need. According to the inventors, the Solar Roadway creates and carries clean renewable electricity and therefore electric vehicles can be recharged at any conveniently located rest slop, or at any business that has paved Solar Road Panels in their parking lots. The inventors say their Solar Roadway has many functions and advantages from main roads to driveways, parking lots, bike paths, sidewalks and runways. The Federal Highway Administration has given Brusaw $100,000 to develop the invention and Brusaw hopes to build a smart-road parking lot in the coming spring. 71.In the inventors' opinion, the Solar Roadway _ _.
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A.is too expensive to build at present B.costs no more money than current roads C.can provide as many data as present computers D.will bring them a large sum of money 72.The underlined word "they" in Paragraph 2 refers to . A.the panels B.the inventors C.the researchers 73.The Solar Roadway includes all the following advantages except A.providing safer driving conditions B.helping drivers communicate with each other while driving C.creating and carrying clean renewable electricity D.warning drivers of various speed control problems 74.It can be inferred from the text that . A.the Solar Roadway has already been put into use B.$100,000 is only enough to build a smart-road parking lot C.the Solar Roadway is not available for gas-powered cars D.future electric vehicles can be charged anytime and anywhere

D.the vehicles .

75.What can be the best title for the text? A.Solar-powered smart road of the future B.The great changes on the roadway C.The influence the Solar Roadway has on people D.The Solar Road— much faster road

参考答案
56—60 ADCAB 61—65 CDBAD 66—70 DBCBA 71—75 BDBCA

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