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成都市高 2013 级高中毕业班第三次诊断性检测 英
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分)

A The White House has announced plans to allow visitors to take photos and use social media during public tours of the building for the first time in 40 years. In previous years, the public was banned from taking photographs with camera phones inside 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue. However, visitors will now have the chance of taking the perfect selfie(自拍)as long as it's nor with a selfie stick at the White House, since the ban has been abolished, First Lady Michelle Obama made the announcement about the change of policy in a video posted to her Twitter account. "If you've been on a White House tour, chances are that you may have seen this sign," she said holding up a piece of paper. "Well, not any more," she said smiling as she tore the sign apart, which had been displayed during tour hours。 The White House said in a statement, "Guests are now welcome to take photos throughout the White House tour route and keep those memories for a lifetime." The long-standing ban ends on July 1st, and from that point on guests will be able to start using camera phones. Embracing the increasing importance of social media, the White House is even encouraging people who pay a visit to the house to share their experiences on Twitter using the tag "White House Tour". Official guidelines state that gues ts will be able to use phone cameras with a lens(镜头)of three inches or less. But the White House warns that visitors must ensure that their photography doesn't interrupt the enjoyment of other guests on the tour. While it gives no specific reason for the sudden change, there are still a few things that guests are not permitted to do. For instance, video cameras, including iPads and camera sticks, are not allowed for the moment. 21. Which of the following will be allowed for photography in the White House? A. Camera phones. B. Four-inch lenses. C. Selfie sticks. D. iPads. 22. We can learn from the passage that _ A. the photo ban in the White House annoyed visitors B. the first lady plays a key role in changing the policy C. visitors can take photos in the White House as they like D. the sign corn apart by Michelle Obama read "NO PHOTOS" 23. Where can we most probably read the passage? A. In a travel guide, B, In a government report. C. In a newspaper. D. In a photography magazine. B Many people today do not enjoy grocery shopping, but the experience we have is still many times better than that of the past. Gone are the days when consumers paid higher prices for the advantage of a painfully slow shopping experience. In addition to lower prices, supermarkets also offer shoppers added convenience and much quicker service. In the old days, grocery shopping was quite a bit troublesome. Consumer-sized packages did not exist, so a clerk had to measure out the exact amount you needed for everything you bought. This system cost much labor and therefore was rather expensive.

On top of that, the entire experience was extremely time-consuming as, much like buying meat at a butcher shop, the number of shoppers that a store could serve at the same time was limited by the size of its staff. The high labor costs and poor efficiency (效率) were quite a problem for both the industry and its public. The supermarket is a large departmentalized retail store, offering "one-stop shop" convenience with housewares , magazines, beauty products, and much more in addition to the food items sold by traditional stores. Need soap to go with your newspaper and bread? The supermarket saves you time by providing all three items under one roof. Along with added convenience comes added efficiency. Shoppers can now fetch what they want from shelves instead of waiting for service. This in turn reduces the need for additional staff, helping owners to cut costs grea tly and to pass the savings back to the consumer. In fact, supermarkets pass so much of the savings back that their margins are razor-thin - only l to 3 percent - so to make a profit, they must rely on extremely high turnover rates and keeping operating expenses low, for example, by not offering delivery for one. The result is a quick and painless shopping experience with very reasonable prices. 24. Which of the following is listed as a disadvantage of traditional grocery stores? A. Fewer staff members. B. Less shopping time. C. Smaller trading profits. D. Higher operating costs. 25. The underlined word "margins" means . A. savings B. prices C, profits D. expenses 26. Supermarkets don't offer delivery for one because . A. they want to keep costs down B. it isn't a good way to attract consumers C. there is no demand for such a service D. it's the major cause of low efficiency 27. The passage mainly aims to . A. introduce the origin of the supermarket B. discuss the disadvantages of traditional grocery stores C. explain why the general public hate grocery shopping D, outline the advantages of supermarkets over traditional groceries C It was days or even weeks since I had been left on the island. My only companion was a dog called Philly which had survived the shipwreck. Memories of what happened were still fresh. The magnificence of the ship had given us all a false sense of security. As the first signs of the storm started, our captain announced it’s nothing much, just another storm. Yet, he was wrong! The storm hit the ship so badly that large holes were made at the sides of the ship. As the freezing water started rushing in, our ship was consumed quickly by the dark water. My train of thought was disturbed by Philly licking my hand dearly. Are you hungry? I spoke my first words ever since the shipwreck occurred. Woof, woof! Barked Philly enthusiastically. At this moment, my stomach gave a loud growl, too. I could not remember when my last meal was, probably a ten-course dinner on the ship. As I had never fished before! I thought maybe I could try something simpler, like picking fruits. With Philly at my side, armed with a sharp branch, we walked into the forest on the island together. Suddenly I thought I heard noises. Could there be anyone else on this island? I wondered. As we were looking for fruit trees, we chanced upon one that bore yellow, juicy-looking fruit. Philly started barking-we had company, It was a dark2

skinned woman, holding a sharp spear, dressed in fur and grass. I backed away from her, afraid that she would be aggressive. Then, I saw that she was trying to save us. Pointing her spear at the fruit tree, she shook her head strongly. I nodded at her to show I understood what she was saying. Signaling to us to follow her, she turned to walk along a small path that I had never noticed. At the end of the small path, there was a small village, Tears of joy filled my eyes. 28. What happened to the ship the writer had been on? A. It was frozen in the sea. B. It was turned over by the storm. C. It was deserted because it was insecure. D, It sank due to the damage caused by the storm. 29. According to the passage, which of the following can best describe Philly? A. Active and brave. B. Caring but impatient. C. Smart and loyal. D. Noisy but enthusiastic. 30. Why did the writer walk into the forest? A. To take shelter from the storm. B. To go to a small village. C. To find someone for help. D. To look for something to eat. 31. The woman most probably tried to tell the writer that . A. the fruit tree wasn't the best choice B. the fruit was unfit for eating C. the writer wasn't allowed to pick the fruit D. she wasn't afraid of the writer D Happiness is in your genes, it seems, according to a research that shows the more people in a country who have a particular gene, the happier the nation will be. The FAAH gene, the DNA in question, makes a p rotein that affects feelings of pleasure and pain. People with a particular version of it tend to be cheerier souls. The researchers believe that the finding can help explain why some of the world's poorest nations are also the happiest. The team from Bulgaria looked at whether there was a connection between the level of the FAAH gene in a population and the number of people who said they were very happy in the global study of life satisfaction. Sweden, one of the happiest countries in Europe and in the world, has lots of happy DNA. Some 26. 3 per cent of Swedes have the happiness gene, compared t0 23 per cent of the British, 21 per cent of the French and 20 per cent of Germans. The happiness gene is even rarer in southern Europe, where it is found in 18 per cent of Greeks and just 12 per cent of Italians. In contrast, the people in Iraq and Jordan are among the least likely to rate themselves as very happy and also have the lowest levels of the gene. But the gene and optimism don-t always go hand in hand. For instance, Russians score very low on happiness, despite having the right DNA, the Journal of Happiness Studies reports. Climatic differences are also found to be closely associated with national differences in happiness. Study co-author Michael Minkov said, "We can notice the high occurrence of the gene in equatorial(赤道的) and tropical environments in South America and Africa, and the lower occurrence of it around the Mediterranean Sea than in Northern Europe. " 4'Genetics is not the only determining factor (因素) of happiness," A spokesman for the journal's publisher said, "The economic and political difficulties continuously experienced by Eastern European nations contribute to the very low happiness scores of Russians. Nations not blessed with the right DNA aren’t necessarily miserable happiness can still rise and fall for other reasons. "

32. The underlined word "it" in Paragraph l refers to . A. happiness B. life satisfaction C. the protein in question D. the FAAH gene 33. Which country has the highest percentage of the happiness genes? A. Greece. B. Germany. C. Britain. D. Iraq. 34. What can we infer from the text? A. Climate has much to do with happiness. B. The poorest countries are actually the happiest. C, Genetics matters most to determine happiness. D, Russians are not happy since they lack happy DNA. 3 5. The best title for the text is A. Researches on Genetic Science B. Factors to Affect Happiness C. Reasons for National Differences D. The Happiest Countries 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) Students in British schools learn from an early age to give presentations as part of their regular classroom activities. Children as young as five years old often give brief talks about objects they bring in to school-called "show and tell.” 36 Even so. a great many native English' speaking adults are afraid to speak or give presentations in front of a large group. A study shows that speaking in front of a crowd is considered the number one fear of the average person, while the second most common fear is death. Needless to say, speaking English in public meetings is necessary for many students and employees. The best way to improve is to practice public speaking. Learners need to receive feedback(反馈)about what they are doing well and about their mistakes, 37 One group that gives members the chance to practice is Toastmasters, an international organization that holds weekly meetings at which members each give a speech and give others advice about their speeches and speaking style in a friendly environment. Charles LeBeau, the author of Speaking of Speech, is a professor and public speaking consultant in Toastmasters. Speaking of Speech tells about some methods of public speaking for non-native speakers. 38 In the book, to help them understand presentation skills, Mr. LeBeau divides public speaking into three parts: the physical message, the visual message and the story message. 39 It's the way that the body, as a speaker, is talking to the audience. Then there's the visual message. The visual message refers to the slides that we make and show the audience. The third message is the story message, the content of our presentation. It also includes how we organize our ideas to present to the audience. The simple approach has proved to be very effective. Mr. LeBeau says learners improve quickly and d0 8 good presentation after a few days of study. 40 A. He has also written books on the subject. B. This training is a basis for later public speaking. C. Speaking English is really necessary for students. D. Body language is what he calls the physical message. E:. English language learners around the world use this book. F. There is a large industry of consultants training public speaking. G. But he stresses it can take years to improve general English speaking ability. 第三节完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) A little girl was shopping with her Mom in Target. She must have been 6 years old, this beautiful red-haired image of 4 1 . It was__42 Outside. We waited, some

patiently, others annoyed because 43 messed up their hurried day. The little voice was so sweet that it 44 the hypnotic trance(催眠性迷睡)we were caught in. "Mom, let's run through the rain," she said. “ 45 ?”Mom asked. “Let's run through the rain!" She repeated. “No, honey. We'll wait 46 it slows down a bit,” Mom replied. This young child waited about another minute and repeated: "Mom, let's run through the rain,“ “We'll get wet through if we 47 ,”Mom said. “No, we won't, Mom. That's not what you said this morning," the young girl said as she pulled at her Mom's arm. “This morning? When did I say we could run through the rain and not get 48 ?” “Don't you 49 ? When you were talking to Dad about his cancer, you said, 'We can 50 anything!"’ The entire crowd fell into dead 51 . I dare say you couldn't hear anything but the rain. 5 2 came or left in the next few minutes. Mom paused and thought for a moment about what she would say. Now some would 53 it off and say she was silly. Some might even 54 what was said, But this was a moment of affirmation(肯定)in a young child's life, a time when innocent trust can be 55 so that it will develop into faith. “Honey, you are. 56 right. Let-s run through the rain. If we get wet, maybe we just need washing.” Mom said. Then 57 they ran. We all stood inside, watching, smiling and laughing as they 58 past the cars. and yes, across the puddles(水坑).They held their shopping bags over their heads just 59 .They did get wet. And yes, I did. I ran. I got wet .I needed 60 . 41. A. bravery B. confidence C. honesty D. innocence 42. A. pouring B. snowing C. windy D. dark 43. A. customers B. shopping C. nature D. accidents 44. A. ruined B. helped C. started D. broke 45. A. Why B. What C. How D. When 46. A. though B. as if C. until D. now that 47. A. are B. do C. will D. can 48. A. wet B. tired C. annoyed D. impatient 49. A. believe B. know C. understand D. remember 50. A. make use of B .put up with C. get through D. set aside 51. A. calmness B. silence C. anxiety D. surprise 52.A.No one B. Neither C. All D. Someone 53. A. put B. laugh C. keep D. wipe 54. A. follow B. value C. analyse D. ignore 55. A. won B. doubted C. encouraged D. tested 56, A, always B. partly C. definitely D. almost 57, A, out B. in C .up D. down 58. A. jumped B. raced C. drove D. walked 59. A. in case B. at once C. in time D. on purpose 60. A. trusting B. watching C. noticing D. washing 第Ⅱ卷(50 分)

第一节 (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg recently surprised Chinese students when 61 (speak)to t hem in Chinese. In a talk at Tsinghua University in Beijing, Zuckerberg spoke Chinese for about 30 minutes. 62 his Chinese was far from perfect, the students cheered his effort. Like Zuckerberg, more and more people are 63 (study) Chinese in America. In 2015, about 70,000 American college students were studying Chinese. That is three times as many as in 1990. Andres Martinez,a professor at Arizona State University, says that he thinks 64 Is important to respect Chinese culture and expects the language to grow. 6 5 ,he says English will still remain the global language. 66 (see) as a more neutral(中立的) language than Chinese, English is not associated with one country. He says even the ideas of 67 (equal) are built into English grammar. Besides, Chinese is a more difficult language to learn. The U.S. Foreign Service Institute points out that it will take a native English speaker 2,200 hours to reach 68 (profession) fluency in Chinese, That is four times longer than it will take to reach the same level in Dutch, French, or Spanish, Much 69 (simple) as Chinese grammar is, Chinese has a tone and writing system that is more difficult for 70 (learn) to master. 第二节短文改错(共 lo 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) A boy lived near the Changjiang River was scolded by his parents on last Sunday. Surprising, he didn't go to school on Monday. Instead, he took a bus to Chongqing, in that he secretly slipped into a boat, sleeping all the way. The next morning he found him in Yichang. A lorry driver gives him a lift and something to eat. After visiting a few place of interest near Yidu, he stopped a car, which did not take him to Yidu and to Dangyang. There he was picked up by a policeman and sent home by local government. How exciting and grateful his parents were to meet him! 第三节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假如你是某国际学校学生李华,并担任该校新成立社团“Chinese Traditional Culture Lovers”的负责人。现在。请用英语写一则校园广播稿,以便让更多同学了解和加入该社团。 写作要点如下: 1.此社团成立之目的; 2.社团将开展的活动; 3.对所招团员的要求; 4.呼吁同学积极参与。 注意:1.词数 100 左右; 2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3.开头和结尾语已为你写好,不计入总字数。 Dear students, I am Li Hua, chairman of the new club“Chinese Traditional Culture Lovers” . Thanks for listening.






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