A School officials refused to answer questions about why Watson needed a bodyguard at the ceremony. Emma Watson had an Undercover Guard at Brown University Graduation Emma Watson had an under
cover armed guard with her during graduation ceremonies at Brown University, and a university spokesman says he is unable to answer questions about why. The 24-year-old British actress best known for her role as Hermione Granger in the Harry Potter movies was one of more than 2,000 students to get her degree from the Ivy League university in Providence on Sunday. She was photographed sitting and walking next to a woman who was wearing a cap and gown. The same woman, who was older than Watson and her fellow graduates, was later seen escorting Watson without a cap and gown and with a holstered weapon, a badge and other equipment. Providence Public Safety Commissioner Steven Pare says the woman is not a Providence officer. When asked if the woman was a campus police officer and why the guard was necessary, Brown spokesman Mark Nickel said on Tuesday he was “not able to help.” Watson began her studies at Brown in 2009, the same year she was named the highest-grossing actress of the decade by the Guinness Book of World Records. She earned a degree in English literature. Her most recent movie is the Biblical epic “Noah,” and she has also starred in “The Perks of Being a Wallflower” and “This is the End.” Roman Roads When the Romans came to Britain they needed roads that could help them move their armies swiftly through the land. They brought with them a style of road building that England had not seen before. They identified the arteries of the country, building roads to link ports to London and the key settlements/areas they intended to conquer. Before the Romans people frequently travelled round England on rough tracks and paths that were often poorly maintained. After the Romans departed British shores the routes they left behind were not maintained. The invaders took their road building and maintenance skills with them; however the quality of their work meant that many of the roads survived for centuries after the Romans had gone. Some of the original Roman roads are routes which are still used today—a lot of the places they linked are major towns or cities—Bath, Colchester, Exeter, Dorchester, Dover, Lincoln, London, York... The roads the Romans built had to be strong enough for soldiers to march on and supplies to be transported on and wide enough for two vehicles—such as carts or wagons—to pass on the road. The Romans liked their roads straight—directly from one point to another—but would sometimes go round natural landmarks or obstacles. They planned their routes carefully, using a surveying instrument called a groma to ensure accuracy. The Romans had developed their skills on the continent and were able to construct roads using different materials, depending on what was available in the area. Materials included clay, gravel, pebbles and sand; sometimes bigger paving stones would cover the surface. Ditches on either side enabled rainwater to drain easily, thus preventing flooding. D 如何写失约致歉信 ●例题展示
假如你是李华，本来约好同朋友 Linda 明早一起去做头发，可是因为远方亲人到来，你不能 如期付约，请提前写信说明，并致歉。词数：100 左右。 ●写作策略 失 约致 歉信是 写信 人因故 不能 按原计 划赴约 而写 给对 方的道 歉类信 函， 一般 由告之 (notifying)、抱歉(regret)和解释(explanation)三部分组成。不论是提前通知失约致歉还是临时 失约事后道歉，写信人都要尽力解释，争取对方原谅。 首先写信人简要告之（或谈及）取消的预约活动的内容；其次具体说明不能赴约的原因；最 后要表达诚挚的歉意。如果能在对于本次失约的致歉后表明下次约会的意愿，则更显诚意。 ●写作技巧 1. 体裁：应用文（书信） ； 2. 人称和时态：第一人称；多种时态； 3. 写作要点： 1）要注意失约致歉信的格式、内容与语气。 2）信件要点不要遗漏：告之—解释—抱歉。 3）讲明原约会的时间、地点、内容让收信人明确取消的约会，失约的原因要具体，可适度 展开想象， 同时在解释的过程中表达自己的遗憾。 如能在结尾处表明对下次约会的期盼更佳。 总之致歉信内容务必令收信者感受到写信者的诚意。 4. 篇章结构： 1）首段：明确告知，说明取消的约会内容，讲明约会的时间、地点。 2）中间段：解释与道歉，先讲明失约的具体原因，再表达为对方带来不便的歉意； 3）结尾：追加约定，表明对下次约会的期盼。 5. 常用句型： 1） 开头句： I’m writing to tell you that I cannot ... I’m sorry that I can (could) not ... I regret to tell you that ... 2) 中段表达： This morning, I learned the news that ... I hope my absence will not cause you too much inconvenience. As I had to ..., I hope you will excuse me for missing the appointment. 3) 结尾句： I hope we can arrange another time for ... I hope to see you again at a later date. I hope we can ... together next time. 6. 单句表达： （将下列句子译成英语） (1) 很抱歉明早不能和你一起去剪发了。 (2) 我一个远方的亲戚要来看望我。 (3) 因为他不熟悉我们城市，我要去机场接他。 (4) 我希望我的缺席不会给你造成过多不便。 (5) 我希望我们下次能一起去美发厅。 参考译文： (1) I’m sorry that I cannot have a haircut with you tomorrow morning. (2) One of my distant relatives will come to visit me. (3) As he is not familiar with our city, I will go to the airport to pick him up.
(4) I hope my absence will not cause you too much inconvenience. (5) I hope we can go to the hairdressing salon together next time. ●佳作登场 Dear Linda, I’m writing to tell that I cannot have a haircut with you tomorrow morning. This evening, I learnt that one of my distant relatives would come to visit me. I will have to go to the airport to pick him up next morning, as he is not familiar with our city. I haven’t seen this uncle for a long time, so I will accompany him before he leaves the day after tomorrow. I regret to say I have to miss our appointment and hope it will not cause you unhappiness. I hope we can go to the hairdressing salon together next time. Yours, Li Hua ●习作点评 本篇习作符合失约致歉信的格式要求。要点齐全，段落分明。第一段告之不能赴约；第二段 详细解释了不能赴约的具体原因，令人信服，第三段表达了真诚的道歉和遗憾。结尾处追加 了对于下次约会的期盼，更显真挚。语言上，首段和尾段的用语恰当，致歉用语的准确成为 本文的亮点。中间段的解释注意细节，没有敷衍之感。其中陈述失约理由时运用的表达十分 自然到位，如 pick sb up, be familiar with, accompany sb 等等。 （本文作者来自上海市六十中学） 《英语辅导报》上海牛津高一版 2014—2015 学年度上学期改革方案 时光荏苒，转眼同学们已经升入高中。 《英语辅导报》上海牛津高一版将做好初中、高中知 识的有效衔接，成为你的良师益友，伴随你，指引你，帮助你顺利适应高中的学习生活，助 你乘风破浪，并且“直挂云帆济沧海” 。 新学期本报的编辑改革方案如下： 新学期本版亮点 1. 阅读类稿件百分百原创 本版将充分利用各种原版资源， 为学生提供地道的百分百原创英语资料， 满足不同兴趣点同 学的需求，提高其英语学习兴趣，使其能利用这些资源丰富自己的知识。 2. 辅导突出系统性 辅导与教材同步，突出重难点，注重连贯性、系统性。 3. 试题材料丰富，质量上乘 试题材料新颖，阅读体裁多样，注重试题的信度、效度和区分度。 4．开展全国中学生英语词汇大赛、2014 年全国中学生英语翻译大赛。 为了提高同学们学习英语的兴趣， 本报开展全国中学生英语词汇大赛及全国中学生英语翻译 大赛。 5．版式设计新颖独特 大胆突破固有模式，设计鲜活别致的版式，吸引读者眼球。 版面设置及栏目介绍 拓展版 A 面—Culture（文化广角） 本面主要介绍名人故事及国内外发生的时文、趣事，旨在开阔学生视野，以图文并茂的新闻 吸引读者。 主要栏目：Highlight, Culture Information, Topic Reading, Photo Gallery 等。 B 面—Reading（阅读）
本面主要以上海高考阅读题型为主，提供丰富的阅读素材，提高学生的阅读水平。 C 面—Reading（阅读） 本面从国外原版教材及原版分级读物中选取一些关于自然、历史、科学、文学、社会交往等 方面的文章， 开阔读者眼界， 让英语这座精神的桥梁带你周游世界， 了解自然及人生的奥秘。 同时，本版还设有语法填空专练，让同学们熟悉上海高考这一新增题型。 主要栏目：感悟人生、奇趣自然、心灵鸡汤、好书推介、阅读风向标等。 D 面—Fun（寓学于乐） 为了提高学习英语的兴趣, 本面将刊登充满教育性、 娱乐性和趣味性的休闲阅读文章让你的 生活更加多资多彩；为了给同学们提供展示英语的平台，本面设有“我文我秀”栏目，刊登 学生的优秀作文；同时，按话题指导学生写作，提升学生的英语写作能力。 主要栏目：Happy Zone, Brainstorm, Story Online, Science Garden, Writing。 辅导与练习版 E 面—Usage（用法归纳） 本面主要对课本相关单元或阶段的单词、短语、句子等进行辅导讲解与练习。 主要栏目：聚焦课本、语法导航、演练基地。 F，G，H 面—Practice（同步练习） 此部分试题在形式上与上海高考题型保持一致，具体安排如下： 第 1、2，3、4，6、7，10、11，12、13，15、16 期分别分 S1A Unit 1, Unit 2, Unit 3, Unit 4, Unit 5, Unit 6 同步验收题。 第 5，8，14，17 期分别为 Units 1—2, Units 1—3, Units 4—5, Units 4—6 阶段验收题，第 9 期为期中考试题； 第 18 期为期末复习题； 第 19， 20 期为期末考试题 （一） 及期末考试题 （二） 。 第 21—26 期为假期合刊。 如果同学们在使用报纸的过程中有什么好的想法和建议，请与我联系。我的电话: 0435-3940586；我的邮箱: firstname.lastname@example.org。 责任编辑: 孙佳丽 B 阅读训练一 Passage A A report, published in last week’s Journal of the American Medical Association, offers a picture of how risky it is to get a lift from a teenage driver. Indeed, a 16-year-old driver with three or more passengers is three times as likely to have a fatal (致命的) accident as a teenager driving alone. By contrast, the risk of death for drivers between 30 and 59 decreases with each additional passenger. The author also found that the death rates for teenage drivers increased dramatically after 10 pm, and especially after midnight. With passengers in the car, the driver was even more likely to die in a late-night accident. Robert Foss, a scientist at the University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center, says the higher death rates for teenage drivers have less to do with “really stupid behavior” than with just a lack of driving experience. “The basic thing,” he says, “is that adults who are responsible for issuing licenses fail to recognize how skilled a task driving is.” Both he and the author of the study believe that the way to reduce the harm is to have so-called graduated licensing systems, in which getting a license is a slower process. A graduated license requires that a teenager first prove himself capable of driving in the presence of an adult, followed by a period of driving at night with a limited number of passengers before graduating to get a full
driving license. Graduated licensing systems have reduced teenage driver crashes, according to recent studies. About half of the states now have some sort of graduated licensing system in place, but only 10 of those states have number limitation on passengers. California is the strictest, with a new driver prohibited from carrying any passenger under 20 for the first six months. Choose the best answer. ( ) 1. Which of the following situations is the most dangerous according to the passage? A. Adults giving a lift to teenagers on the highway after 10 p.m. B. A teenager driving after midnight with passengers in the car. C. Adults driving with three or more teenage passengers late at night. D. A teenager getting a lift from a stranger on the highway at midnight. ( ) 2. According to Robert Foss, the high death rate of teenage drivers is mainly due to _________. A. their frequent driving at night B. their lack of driving experience C. their improper way of driving D. their driving with passengers ( ) 3. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to paragraph 3? A. Teenagers should spend more time learning to drive. B. Driving is a skill too difficult for teenagers to learn. C. Teenagers should be limited in taking driving lessons. D. People issuing license are partly responsible for the accidents. ( ) 4. A suggested measure to be taken to reduce teenagers’ driving accidents is that _________. A. driving in the presence of an adult should be made a rule B. they should be forbidden to take on passengers C. they should not be allowed to drive after l0 p. m. D. the licensing systems should be improved 1—4 BBDD Passage B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. unprepared B. reaction C. convenience D. concerned E. sell F. advises G. suggests H. weight I. completely J. canned K. prepared Instead of buying only fresh foods, Americans nowadays buy many more ___1___ foods. These are foods which are ready partly or ___2___ prepared. Many of them are frozen, such as frozen dinner, heated serve French fries, and frozen pizzas. There are also many ___3___ convenience foods, such as ready made spaghetti, soups, stews, and vegetables. Convenience foods save time and trouble. They are popular with people who are busy or who don’t like to cook or wash dishes. But they often cost more than fresh, ___4___ foods and may contain man-made additives. Also, many people feel they don’t taste as good as home cooked foods. In the 1960s, a “back to the earth” movement was started by young people in the United States. The movement was a ___5___ against the harmful effects of technology. From the movement
came a new understanding for food and health. Many people now prefer natural and organic (有机 物) foods to the ___6___ foods sold in health food stores and in food coops, which are small stores where customers help manage the store. In coops, food is usually not packaged. Customers bring their own bags and jars and take their food out of boxes or baskets. These days Americans are more and more ___7___ with their weight. Perhaps as many as 70 million Americans are on ___8___ dollar business. American supermarkets ___9___ a variety of diet foods such as diet soft drinks, diet candy, and diet salad dressings. Dieters also spend money on diet pills, exercise machines, and jogging suits (健美服). Each year dozens of new diets are popularized. They have such names as the Miracle (奇效的) Diet, the Nine day Wonder Diet, and the East 24 hour Diet. There is even one called the Ice Cream Diet, which ___10___ dieters to eat only ice cream for lunch and dinner! For dieters who can not lose weight on their own, there are many well organized diet groups, which offer help and encouragement. 1—5 CIJAB 6—10 KDHEF Passage C Every day we meet people in a number of business and social situations. And the way we meet and greet them creates an impression. It’s important to do so in proper ways, no matter whether you are introducing yourself to someone, or introducing two people to each other. To keep you aware of this, we have gathered tips on how to make a proper introduction. ■ Always stand when making an introduction. When you are seated and someone comes up to greet you, please stand up. By doing this, you will show respect for yourself and for the other person. ■Always maintain eye contact while making an introduction. Many people are not aware of the value of this simple action. When you make eye contact you are giving a confident image. ■ Always introduce a person of lesser authority to one of greater authority. The most important thing to remember is to say the most important person’s name first. For example, when introducing your supervisor to a job candidate, you would give your supervisor’s name first. “Bob Jones, may I introduce Susan Lee, who has just graduated from ABC University? ” ■ In a situation where the rank is unimportant, an introduction is based on sex and age. A man is presented to a woman and a younger woman to an older woman. What if you find yourself in a situation where you have forgotten the other person’s name? Start with a handshake and reintroduce yourself. By doing this, you will usually cause the other person to do the same. However, if the other person does not take your suggestion, it is OK to apologize and let the person know that you can’t remember her or his name. This is not the ideal situation, of course, but it doesn’t happen to all of us. The other person should be forgiving. (Note: Answer the questions or complete the statement in NO MORE THAN TEN WORD.) 1. When you are sitting and a person comes to you, hoping to talk to you, you should ______ ___. 2. Why does a person need to maintain eyecontact while making a conversation? _______________________________________ 3. Who should you introduce first, your grandfather or your classmate? _______________________________________ 4. If you forget a person’s name, you’d better _________________________________. 1. stand up and talk to him / her
2. To give a confident image. 3. My grandfather. 4. introduce yourself again or tell the person directly the truth C Jungle Cave In 1999 Peter MCNab was a student at a university in Scotland. One of the subjects he was studying was surveying, or making maps. Peter was also a keen caver. He had explored caves all over the world. Because of his success at his studies and his reputation as a skilled caver, he was invented to take part in an expedition to Vietnam. The purpose of the expedition was to study the Hang Khe Rhy cave, one of the longest caves in Southeast Asia. They also wanted to measure the length of the Son Trach river, which flows through the cave. The cave is deep in the jungle in Vietnam’s Quang Binh Province. The area around the cave is home to a great variety of rare flora and fauna (动植物). Peter and fifteen other experts had been asked to study this area by the Vietnamese government. Getting to the cave wasn’t easy. Peter and the others trekked for eight hours through thick jungle to get to the cave’s entrance. Then they went into the cave. They worked underground for twelve days, following the Son Trach river through the cave. Peter made careful measurements so that he could draw accurate maps later. Finally, they came to the cave’s exit. Peter was very excited: he had discovered that the Son Trach river was 11 kilometers long—the longest underground river in the world! Complete each sentence with the correct word. caver, jungle, skilled, accurate, keen 1. My watch is very _________. It always tells the correct time. 2. A _________ is a person who enjoys exploring caves. 3. I have always wanted to explore the _________ of Papua New Guinea. They are full of strange plants and animals. 4. Peter is a very _________ chess player. He doesn’t often make a mistake. 5. I am a _________ tennis player. I try to play at least four times a week. 1. accurate 2. caver 3. jungle 4. skilled 5. keen 新题型专练（一） Directions: After reading the passages below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank. A Brian arrived at the San Francisco airport two hours before the flight to Paris. He was wearing three shirts a jacket, two pairs of socks, a pair of shorts and two pairs of jeans. He was carrying one small backpack, ___1___ was very full, but he didn’t have any ___2___ luggage. Brian needed to meet a man named Tony before he checked in for his flight. He found Tony near the Air France counter. Tony gave him a round-trip ticket and a small package. “Give this package to Jean-Paul at the airport in Paris. He will have a sign ___3___ your name on it. I think you can find him easily,” Tony said, “You don’t have any luggage, right?” “Only this backpack,” Brian answered. “You said I could bring one carry-on bag.” “That’s right. One carry-on bag is fine. Have a good trip.”
“Thanks.” Is Brian a criminal? Not at all. He is ___4___ air-courier (航空信使). And he paid only $110 for the round-trip ticket to Paris. Air-couriers get cheap airline tickets because they take important packages and papers to foreign countries. Businesses sometimes need to get packages and papers to people in foreign countries by the next day. Often, the only way they can do this is to use an air-courier company. It is not cheap for a business to send a package with an air-courier, ___5___ it is quick. Every year about 80,000 people worldwide travel ___6___ air-couriers. The number of tickets for courier travel is growing ___7___ about 10 percent a year. B Successful people in international business understand the cultures of other countries and learn to change their practices in different cultures. They understand the importance of avoiding business decisions ___8___ (base) on misconceptions—mistaken ideas. One cause of misconceptions ___9___ (be) ethnocentrism (民族优越感). The belief that one’s own culture’s way of doing things is ___10___ (good) than the way of other cultures. It’s ethnocentrism that leads to failure in international business. ___11___ (avoid) ethnocentrism, it’s necessary to study the different elements of culture: language, values and attitudes, and customs and manners. Language A knowledge of the local language can help international business people in four ways. First, people can communicate directly. Second, people are usually more open in their communication with someone who speaks their language. Third, an understanding of the language allows people to infer meanings that ___12___ (say) indirectly. Finally, knowing the language helps people to understand the culture better. Customs and Manners Customs are common social practices. Manners are ways of acting that the society believes are polite. For example, in the United States, it is custom to have salad before the main course at dinner, not after. It’s ___13___ (polite) to talk with food in mouth at table. Failure to understand the customs and manners of other countries will bring difficulty ___14___ (sell) their products. Orange juice as a breakfast drink of an American company in France ___15___ (not sell) well because the French don’t usually drink juice with breakfast. Values and Attitudes Values are people’s basic beliefs about the difference between right and wrong, good and bad. An attitude is way of thinking or acting. Values and attitudes influence international business. For example, many people in the United States believe that chocolate from Switzerland is better ___16___ chocolate from other countries, and they buy a lot of it. 1. which 2. other 3. with 4. an 5. but 6. as 7. by 8. based 9. is 10. better 11. To avoid 12. are said 13. impolite 14. selling 15. doesn’t sell 16. than E 动词时态特别“秀” 特例一、不能用现在进行时的动词 1． 表喜好、 惊讶、 厌恶和愿望等意义的动词通常只能用于一般现在时态， 不用现在进行时。 这些动词包括 love, like, hate, want, hope, prefer, wish 等。如： I wish you every success!
2. know, understand, remember, believe, recognize, guess, suppose, mean, think, doubt, find, suggest, mind, allow, matter, agree, see 等表思维和心理活动的动词， 通常也不能用于现在进行 时态。如： I regret to say I don’t agree with you。 3.某些表感官的动词，如：look, sound, feel, taste, smell 等以及其他表示状态的系动词，如： remain, seem, stay, prove 等也不能用于进行时态。如： You look unhappy. What’s the matter? 4. 表“拥有”意义的动词，如：belong， have, own, possess, contain, hold 等也不能用于进 行时态。如： My brother belongs to a football club. 特例二、现在进行时态表示将来 少量表位移和运动状态的动词，如 go, come, leave, start, arrive 等，这类动词的现在进行时态 用来表示要发生的动作。如： Wait a moment, I am coming. 特例三、be going to, be to 和 be about to 用来表示将来时态。 will 和 shall 表将来时态时往往含有“意愿”的情感色彩，此外，be going to, be to 和 be about to 也是常用的几种表达方式。如： The plane takes off at 7:00 pm. Hurry up! The train is about to leave. 特例四、表示按规定、计划、时刻表要发生的事，谓语动词常用一般现在时表示将来。如： The train starts at 7:00 am. 特例五、现在完成时强调对现在的影响，此时淡化了动作发生的时间；而一般过去时只单纯 说明过去的一个动作或行为，不涉及对现在的影响。试比较： When did you learn to use the computer? （只说明过去的行为） Have you learned anything about the computer? （强调对现在的影响） 另一个值得注意的地方是瞬间动词用在现在完成时的肯定句中时， 不可与表示一段时间的时 间状语连用，但在否定句中可以。如： My brother has joined the army for 5 years. （×） My brother has been in the army for 5 years. （√） We haven’t seen each other for 2 years. （√） 特例六、一般过去时只表示瞬间的过去，使对事实的描述更生动而且委婉；还有一种特殊用 法，即 sb. was doing sth. + when 从句表示“某人正在做某事，突然??” 。如： I was wondering what had happened when a ball hit me on the forehead. 特例七、动词 intend, hope, expect, mean, want, plan, think 等表打算的动词的过去完成时表示 本打算做而没有做成某事。如： I had intended to come over to see you last night, but someone called me. 特例八、在某些特殊句型如 Hardly / Scarcely had sb. done sth. when sth. happened; No sooner had sb. done sth. than sth. happened 中，两者都表示“刚 ／ 还没来得及??就??” 。如： Hardly had they rebuilt the dam when another flood came. 动词时态练习 I. Complete the sentences with proper tense of the words in the brackets. 1. The training starts at 8:30. You _________ (be) here at 8:00. 2. The water _________ (feel) cold and it is not fit to swim now.
3. It _________ (be) five years since we left middle school. 4. Young people _________ (prefer) to live in the noisy city rather than in the peaceful countryside. 5. At present more and more families in our city _________ (own) private cars. 6. The airplane _________ (take) off at nine. We must arrive at the airport before 8:30. 7. —What were you doing when Jack phoned you? —I had just finished my work and _________ (start) to take a shower. 8. I _________ (hope) I would be able to leave for Paris tomorrow, but it’s beginning to look difficult. 9. With the rapid growth of population, the city _________ (spread) in all directions in the past five years. 10. He _________ (play) roles in 13 films before he went to study at a famous drama school. 1. are to be 2. feels 3. is / has been 4. prefer 5. own 6. takes 7. was starting 8. had hoped 9. has spread 10. had played Unit 1 基础知识练习（一） I. Correct the mistake in each sentence. 1. You don’t look happily. Is anything bothering you? 2. Read French is easier than speaking it. 3. He was punished. That’s why he had cheated. 4. Seven months late, Columbus sent five ships back to Spain. 5. Would you please remind him what our meeting has been put off? II. Fill in the blank using the proper form of the given word. 1. This holiday will give me a chance _________. (relax) 2. Whether she is sick or not, she is always _________. (cheerfully) 3. I don’t know why they decided _________ their minds. (change) 4. _________ is believing. I don’t believe what I hear. I only believe what I see. (see) 5. All the children are sitting there, _________ the poem aloud. (read) III. Complete the following dialogue with proper sentences. Betty: Hi, Tina, could you give me a hand? Tina: Sure, ___1___? Betty: My friend Lisa is coming to visit me today. I planned to meet her at the railway station but now I have an important exam to take. Could you go to pick her up instead of me? Tina: No problem. But I have never met your friend Lisa before. ___2___? Betty: She has dark eyes and brown hair. She has a round face and wears glasses. Tina: ___3___? Betty: Tall. She is even taller than me. Tina: ___4___? Betty: She will be in her white T-shirt and jeans. That’s her favorite. Tina: ___5___? Betty: She is my age. Tina: Is there anything else particular about her? Betty: Er ... let me think. Ah, yes! She carries her guitar everywhere she goes. Tina: Then I’m sure I won’t miss her. ___6___? Betty: At 8:30, and her train will be arriving at the West Railway Station. I must be leaving for the
exam now. Thank you very much. Tina: ___7___. I. 1. happily 改为 happy 2. Read 改为 Reading 3. why 改为 because 4. late 改为 later 5. what 改为 that II. 1. to relax 2. cheerful 3. to change 4. Seeing 5. reading III. 1. What is it / What’s that 2. What does she look like 3. Is she tall or short 4. What will she be wearing 5. How old is she 6. When will she arrive / When will the train arrive 7. You are welcome / It’s my pleasure / My pleasure / That’s all right / Don’t mention it F Unit 1 (I) 同步验收题 第 I 卷 （共 103 分） ▲ I. Listening Comprehension Section A （10 分） Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. ( ) 1. A. At 2:30. B. At 2:45. C. At 3:00. D. At 3:20. ( ) 2. A. In a hospital. B. At an airport. C. In a hotel. D. In an elevator. ( ) 3. A. Interviewer and interviewee. B. Secretary and boss. C. Wife and husband. D. Teacher and student. ( ) 4. A. Reading on the campus lawn. B. Deposing money in the bank. C. Applying for financial aid. D. Reviewing a student’s application. ( ) 5. A. He believes dancing is enjoyable. B. He won’t dance until he has done his work. C. He admires those who dance. D. He definitely does not like dancing. ( ) 6. A. Registering for courses. B. Getting directions. C. Buying a new computer. D. Studying psychology. ( ) 7. A. He forgot to take the exam.
B. He hopes that he will do better in the next exam. C. That exam was easier than the last one. D. It will be difficult for him to forget about the exam. ( ) 8. A. It is hot in the city. B. It is cool in the city. C. It is hot in the country. D. The country is beautiful. ( ) 9. A. She doesn’t like coffee any more. B. She must eliminate coffee from her diet. C. She prefers coffee to other food. D. She has to go to the doctor ’s before drinking coffee. ( ) 10. A. He wants his students to be on time for class. B. He doesn’t allow his students to tell jokes in class. C. He is rarely late for his class. D. He hardly notices which students are late. Section B （12 分） Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. ( ) 11. A. She was offered a good job. B. She was bored with her life at home. C. She wanted to help with the family’s finances. D. Her husband wanted her more involved in social life. ( ) 12. A. Jane got angry at Bill’s coming back late. B. Bill failed to adapt to the new situation. C. Bill blamed Jane for neglecting the family. D. The children were not taken good care of. ( ) 13. A. Where there is a will, there is a way. B. Women should have their own careers. C. Man and wife should share house hold duties. D. Parents should take good care of their children. Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following report. ( ) 14. A. To limit the destruction of natural disasters. B. To predict the destruction of natural disasters. C. To gain financial support from the United Nations. D. To propose measures to hold back natural disasters. ( ) 15. A. Technology helps reduce the damage of natural disasters. B. There’s a long way to go before controlling natural disasters. C. International cooperation minimizes the force of natural disasters. D. Scientists can predict earthquakes without much difficulty. ( ) 16. A. There were fatal mistakes in its design. B. The governments didn’t pay much attention.
C. The traffic load went far beyond control. D. It was not built under strict standards to resist earthquakes. Section C （8 分） Directions: In Section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet. Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation.
Complete the form. Write ONE WORD for each answer. Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation.
Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer. II. Grammar and Vocabulary Section A （16 分） Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence. ( ) 25. _________ a Monday morning of May, we left _________ Paris _________ my friend’s car. A. On, for, in B. In, to, by C. In, for, by D. On, to, in ( ) 26. —What kind of pen do you want to have? —I prefer _________ to having that blue one. A. having this red one B. to have this red one C. had this red pen D. have this red pen ( ) 27. The way _________ you look at people doesn’t give a good impression. Which one is wrong? A. that B. in which C. / D. which ( ) 28. Great changes _________ in this city, and a lot of factories _________ there. A. have been taken place; have been set up B. have taken place; have been set up
C. have taken place; have set up D. were taken place; were set up ( ) 29. It is bad manners _________ at your mother like that. A. for you to shout B. for you shouting C. of you shouting D. of you to shout ( ) 30. Most environmental problems exist because adequate measures for preventing them _________ taken in the past. A. from being B. not being C. were not D. had not been ( ) 31. Mr White has just arrived, but I didn’t know he _________ until yesterday. A. will come B. was coming C. had been coming D. comes ( ) 32. Finish your homework _________ you can go out to play. A. unless B. until C. so that D. since ( ) 33. All the teachers think the lecture made by professor Li _________. A. worth attending B. worthy of attending C. worth being attended D. worth of attending ( ) 34. John is an experienced waiter, so he is senior _________ me _________ service quality. A. to; at B. in; on C. than; in D. to; in ( ) 35. Next year all these houses _________. A. will pull down B. will be pulled down C. are pulled down D. have been pulled down ( ) 36. It costs five thousand dollars a year to _________ this building. A. consider B. respect C. maintain D. avoid ( ) 37. When he heard that Sichuan needed doctors, he joined the volunteers _________. A. without permission B. without hesitation C. without help D. without help ( ) 38. We must give up this plan for we are _________ funds. A. for lack of B. lack of C. lacked D. lacking ( ) 39. The training course is run by the company, and the workers who are attending the course are normally released for two weeks by their _________. A. wives B. lawyers C. colleagues D. employers ( ) 40. Mary _________ while her husband was watching TV. A. had cooked B. is cooking C. was cooking D. has cooked
▲ Section B （10 分） Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. expressions B. attitude C. natural D. more than E. term F. behavior G. impression H. communication I. understand J. change K. word Excuse Me, Do YOU Speak Body Language? Well of course you do! Maybe you’re just not aware of that yet ... And that’s something we are about to ___41___! Ever thought about the way you talk, stand, sit, walk, eat, drink or even sleep? What does it say about you? About your mood? Your ___42___? Your personality and your culture? Our body gestures, facial ___43___, postures and even the distance we keep from others, when tied up together, create a rich layer of mostly subconscious ___44___ called body language. It’s your most ___45___ and effective way of communication in face to face interactions. To say it in one sentence: “it’s not what you say, but how you say it”. I first met the ___46___“body language”when I was trying to learn how to develop“charisma” : I wanted to understand how to become more confident, to act and convince others just like in the movies and, of course, how to make a better ___47___ on the ladies. With time I learned, though, that “body language” is ___48___ a collection of tricks or manipulations to get your end. I realized that having the appeal of James Bond is actually found in the small and subtle details, when combined together, they make a huge difference. Body language is the study of these often overlooked details in the ___49___ of men, and it became a second language for me—a way to ___50___ others and myself on another level. III. Reading Comprehension Section A （15 分） Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. From Monday until Friday most people are busy working or studying, but in the evenings and on weekends they are free and ___51___themselves. Some watch TV or go to the movies; others ___52___ sports. It depends on individual ___53___. There are many different ways to spend our ___54___ time. Almost everyone has ___55___ kind of hobby. It may be something from collecting stamps to making model airplanes. Some hobbies are very ___56___; others don’t cost anything at all. Some collections are ___57___ a lot of money; others are ___58___ only for their owners. I know a man who has a coin collection worth several thousand dollars. A short time ago he paid 400 dollars for a rare 50-cent coin. He was very happy about his collection and thought the price was ___59___. On the contrary, my brother ___60___ match boxes. He has almost 600 of them but I doubt if they are worth any money. ___61___, to my brother, they are extremely valuable. Nothing makes him ___62___ than to find a new match box for his collection. That’s ___63___ a hobby means. It is something we like to do in our spare time simply for the ___64___ of it. The value in dollars is not important, ___65___ the pleasure it gives us does. ( ) 51. A. take care of B. enjoy
C. rest D. amuse ( ) 52. A. make B. attend C. realize D. take part in ( ) 53. A. time B. energy C. interests D. fun ( ) 54. A. spare B. working C. own D. day ( ) 55. A. some B. any C. no D. every ( ) 56. A. expensive B. interesting C. exciting D. cheap ( ) 57. A. worth B. worthy C. valued D. taken ( ) 58. A. valuable B. costly C. cheap D. interesting ( ) 59. A. a little too higher B. too expensive C. cheap D. reasonable ( ) 60. A. collects B. buys C. chooses D. borrows ( ) 61. A. while B. However C. Besides D. In all ( ) 62. A. so happy B. that happy C. more happy D. happier ( ) 63. A. what B. how C. how much D. where ( ) 64. A. price B. value C. interest D. fun ( ) 65. A. though B. and C. but D. when Section B （24 分） Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. A The $11 billion self-help industry is built on the idea that you should turn negative thoughts like “I never do anything right” into positive ones like “I can succeed.” But was positive thinking advocate Norman Vincent Peale right? Is there power in positive thinking? Researchers in Canada just published a study in the journal Psychological Science that says trying to get people to think more positively can actually have the opposite effect: it can simply highlight how unhappy they are. The study’s authors, Joanne Wood and John Lee of the University of Waterloo and Elaine Perunovic of the University of New Brunswick, begin by citing older research showing that when people get feedback which they believe is overly (过分地) positive, they actually feel worse, not
better. If you tell your dim friend that he has the potential of an Einstein, you’re just underlining his faults. In one 1990s experiment, a team including psychologist Joel Cooper of Princeton asked participants to write essays opposing funding for the disabled. When the essayists were later praised for their sympathy, they felt even worse about what they had written. In this experiment, Wood, Lee and Perunovic measured 68 students’ self-esteem. The participants were then asked to write down their thoughts and feelings for four minutes. Every 15 seconds, one group of students heard a bell. When it rang, they were supposed to tell themselves, “I am lovable.” Those with low self-esteem didn’t feel better after the forced self-affirmation. In fact, their moods turned significantly darker than those of members of the control group, who weren’t urged to think positive thoughts. The paper provides support for newer forms of psychotherapy (心理治疗) that urge people to accept their negative thoughts and feelings rather than fight them. In the fighting, we not only often fail but can make things worse. Meditation (静思) techniques, in contrast, can teach people to put their shortcomings into a larger, more realistic perspective. Call it the power of negative thinking. ( ) 66. What is the finding of the Canadian researchers? A. Unhappy people cannot think positively. B. The power of positive thinking is limited. C. There can be no simple therapy for psychological problems. D. Encouraging positive thinking may do more harm than good. ( ) 67. What does the author mean by “... you’re just underlining his faults” in Paragraph 3? A. You are trying to make him feel better about his faults. B. You are emphasizing the fact that he is not intelligent. C. You are pointing out the errors he has committed. D. You are not taking his mistakes seriously enough. ( ) 68. What do we learn from the experiment of Wood, Lee and Perunovic? A. People with low self-esteem seldom write down their true feelings. B. Forcing a person to think positive thoughts may lower their self-esteem. C. Self-affirmation can bring a positive change to one’s mood. D. It is important for people to continually boost their self-esteem. ( ) 69. What do we learn from the last para-graph? A. Different people tend to have different ways of thinking. B. The effects of positive thinking vary from person to person. C. Meditation may prove to be a good form of psychotherapy. D. People can avoid making mistakes through meditation. B We’ve all been there, finishing a whole bag of chips out of boredom or downing cookie after cookie while cramming (死记硬背) for a big test. But when done a lot—especially without realizing it—emotional eating can affect weight, health, and overall well-being. Not many of us make the connection between eating and our feelings. But understanding what drives emotional eating can help people take steps to change it. One of the biggest myths (荒诞的说法) about emotional eating is that it’s driven by negative feelings. Yes, people often turn to food when they’re stressed out, lonely, sad, anxious, or bored.
But emotional eating can be linked to positive feelings too, like the romance of sharing dessert on Valentine’s Day or the celebration of a holiday feast. Sometimes emotional eating is tied to major life events, like a death or a divorce. More often, though, it’s the countless little daily stresses that cause someone to seek comfort or distraction in food. Emotional eating patterns can be learned: A child who is given candy after a big achievement may grow up using candy as a reward for a job well done. A kid who is given cookies as a way to stop crying may learn to link cookies with comfort. It’s not easy to “unlearn” patterns of emotional eating. But it is possible. And it starts with an awareness of what’s going on. We’re all emotional eaters to some extent (who hasn’t suddenly found room for dessert after a filling dinner?). But for some people, emotional eating can be a real problem, causing serious weight gain. The trouble with emotional eating (aside from the health issues) is that once the pleasure of eating is gone, the feelings that cause it remain. And you often may feel worse about eating the amount or type of food you did. That’s why it helps to know the differences between physical hunger and emotional hunger. Next time you reach for a snack, check in and see which type of hunger is driving it. ( ) 70. People turn to emotional eating because _________. A. they are preparing for the test B. they enjoy the pleasure of eating C. they want to seek comfort or distraction D. they feel better after eating ( ) 71. By saying “We’ve all been there”in paragraph 1, the author means _________. A. finishing a whole bag of chips out of boredom is bad B. we are all emotional eaters to some extent C. our health will be affected by emotional eating D. people eat more without realizing it ( ) 72. If you want to break away from the patterns of emotional eating, the first thing you should do is _________. A. reduce stress and anxiety B. relax and try to lose weight C. stop seeking comfort from food D. realize what is happening ( ) 73. Ｗhich is NOT emotional hunger in the following four statements? A. You’d like to eat dessert after a filling dinner. B. You and your friend want to share an ice cream on Valentine’s Day. C. You will have dinner with your friends. D. You turn to snack, for you are stressed out with your work. C The first step in exercising for most people is determining whether or not they should. This is particularly true with anyone over thirty-five, especially if they have been heavy smokers. Likewise, young adults who have been very inactive should proceed slowly and with caution. A physical evaluation from a physician is recommended, preferably one that includes an exercise-stress test. While a person is exercising, a stress test detects cardiovascular (心血管的)
problems that might not show up when the body is at rest. This is done by monitoring blood pressure, pulse rate, oxygen consumption, and the heart’s electrical activity while exercising. Whatever exercise program is selected, it is important to start with warm-up periods. These should include stretching exercises, jumping jacks (原地跳跃运动), or active walking. The idea is to increase heart rate and circulation slowly without placing a sudden strain on the heart or the muscles that are starting to work. The next phase in developing an exercise program is to determine the amount of exercise that is enough to condition the muscles and cardiovascular system without overly straining the body. This involved taking one’s pulse and finding one’s target zone. This target zone, or safe-training pulse rate, is established by subtracting (减去) one’s age from 220 and then taking 60 percent to 80 percent of that total. If you are just starting to exercise 60 percent is recommended; 80 percent is recommended if you are already in good condition. ( ) 74. The author is primarily addressing _________. A. a social worker B. anyone who wants to take up exercise C. any would-be sportsman D. a physician who is in charge of physical checkups ( ) 75. The underlined word “overly” in Para-graph 3 best means _________. A. liable B. too C. extensive D. readily ( ) 76. In order not to hurt the body, if you are a beginner and at the age of 45, the safe-training pulse rate suggested would be _________. A. 105 B. 220 C. 140 D. 175 ▲ ( ) 77. The author writes the passage mainly to recommend _________. A. that heavy smokers should quit smoking for the sake of their health B. that we should proceed with warm-up periods after doing exercises C. that young adults should live an inactive life instead of doing exercises D. that we should take up physical exercises in the light of our physical condition ▲ Section C （8 分） Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words. When the Internet powerhouse Yahoo wanted to teach ethics (道德标准) to its employees, it faced a challenge familiar to multinational companies. Yahoo employs nearly 14,000 people at 25 sites worldwide. They would feel bored at sitting down in front of a dated video in which actors with 1980s haircuts tell them what to do. So it hired a company called The Network to design a game. In the game, the truck where Yahoo was founded traveled the world, turning into a boat and a helicopter along the way as it visited some of Yahoo’s foreign offices. Participants play in game show-like scenarios ( 场景 ) that quiz them about conflicts of interest and doing business fairly. And employees note: Yahoo is tracking how well they do. Such activities draw more enthusiastic participation and teach more effectively than traditional methods. They are described as alternative-reality games (ARGs), involving both interactive and real-world elements. Besides teaching employees, ARGs have also been used in many areas for a number of different purposes.
From a marketing perspective, a number of very successful ARGs have been written as a way to build product awareness. A very popular ARG called I Love Bees was produced to market the 2004 video game Halo 2. At its height, I Love Bees received between two to three million unique visitors over the course of three months. ARGs are more than just a fun way to learn. They have also been used to solve real world problems. An ARG called World Without Oil was created to obtain collective input from players about dealing with the world’s dependency on oil. World without Oil simulates （模拟） the first 32 days of a global oil crisis and anybody could play by creating a personal story that recorded the imagined reality of their life in the crisis. World Without Oil’s success on a small budget has opened the door for similar games to engage mainstream Internet users with climate change, education reform, governmental policy and other timely, vital issues. (Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN TEN WORDS.) 78. What challenge did yahoo face in teaching ethics to its employees? ______________________________________________________ 79. In the game designed for yahoo, participants had to answer questions about _________. 80. What are the three major functions of ARG mentioned in the passage? ______________________________________________________ 81. The success of World Without Oil suggests that ARGs can _________. 第 II 卷 （共 47 分） I. Translation （22 分） Direction: Translate the following sentences into English，using the words given in the brackets． 1. 他毫不犹豫地回答了我的问题。(hesitation) 2. 你提醒我这次会议真是太好了。(remind) 3. 要注意老师在课上所教的。(attention) 4. 缺乏运动使他比以前不健康。(lack) 5. 这家美术馆允许游客在工作日进入。(be admitted) II． Guided Writing （25 分） Directions: Write an English letter in about 100 words according to the instructions given below． 假如你是李华，今天是星期二，请给你的同学刘芬写张便条，告诉她你们外教 Marcus 的课 上课地点改为 4015 室，时间是下午 3:30，并要她把上星期的作业带上。 Unit 1 (I) I. Listening Comprehension Section A 1. W: Did you go to the football match last Sunday? M: Oh, yes. It was supposed to start at 2:30, but it was delayed fifteen minutes. Q: When did the football match start? 2. W: Excuse me, I’m looking for the emergency room. I thought it was on the 1st floor. M: This is the basement. Take the elevator one flight up and turn left. Q: Where does the conversation most probably take place? 3. W: This is your schedule for today, Sir. M: Thank you, Miss Smith. Is the board meeting at three o’clock? Q: What’s the probable relationship between the two speakers? 4. W: Did you see Mary somewhere around here?
M: Yes, she is in the campus bank, applying for the student’s loan. Q: What was Mary doing? 5. W: Lots of people enjoy dancing, do you? M: Believe it or not, that is the last thing I want to do. Q: What does the man mean? 6. W: The deadline for the psychology and computer courses is the day after tomorrow. M: But I haven’t decided which courses to take yet. Q: What are the speakers talking about? 7. W: Listen, Joe, you’ve already taken the exam. Just forget about it. M: That’s easier said than done. Q: What does the man mean? 8. W: I’d love to be back in the countryside where it is cool. M: So you’re not enjoying our weather in the city? Q: What can be inferred from the conversation? 9. M: Would you like to come with us for coffee a little later? W: I’m off caffeine, medical restriction. Q: What does the woman imply? 10. M: Eh, it looks I’m going to be late for class. I hope Professor Clark doesn’t start on time today. W: Are you kidding? You can set your watch by the time he starts his class. Q: What can be inferred about Professor Clark? Section B Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. Jane Brown has been married for twelve years. She has three children and lives in the suburbs outside Columbus, Ohio. When her youngest child reached school age, Jane decided to go back to work. She felt that she should contribute to household finances. Her salary can make the difference between a financial struggle and a secure financial situation for her family. Jane also wanted to be more involved in life outside her home, and this caused the problem between Jane and her husband Bill. When Jane was at home all day, she was able to clean the house, go out for shopping, wash the clothes, take care of the children and cook tea and three meals each day. Now these same things need to be done, but Jane has only evenings and early mornings to do them. Both Jane and Bill are tired when they arrive at home at 6 pm. Bill is accustomed to sitting down and reading a paper or watching TV until dinner is ready. This is exactly what Jane feels like doing. But someone has to fix dinner. And Bill expects it to be Jane. Jane is becoming very angry at Bill’s attitude. She feels that they should share the household jobs. But Bill feels that everything should be the same as it was before Jane went back to work. Questions: 11. Why did Jane want to go back to work? 12. What problem arose when Jane went back to work? 13. What does the story want to tell us? Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage. Here is the report at ten. The Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction is a program designed to reduce the impact of natural
disasters throughout the world. With support from the United Nations, countries will be encouraged to share information about disaster reduction. For instance, information about how to plan for and cope with hurricanes, earthquakes and other natural disasters. One of the most important things the program plans to do is to remind us of what we can do to protect ourselves. For example, we can pack a suitcase with flashlights, a radio, food, drinking water and some tools. This safety box may help us survive a disaster until help arrives. Besides, the program will encourage governments to establish building standards, emergency response plans and training programs. These measures can help to limit the destruction by natural disasters. The comparatively mild efforts of Northern California earthquake in 2007 are good evidence that we do have technology to prevent vast destruction. The recent disasters, on the other hand, prove that people will suffer if we don’t use that technology. When a highway collapsed in California, people were killed in their cars. The highway was not built according to today’s strict standards to resist earthquakes. Individuals and governments have to be far-sighted. We should take extra time and spend extra money to build disaster-safety into our lives. Although such a program can’t hold back the winds or stop earthquakes, they can save people’s lives and their homes. Questions: 14. What’s the purpose of the program mentioned in the report? 15. What can we learn from the Northern California earthquake of 2007? 16. Why did the highway in Northern California collapse? Section C Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. W: The Four Seasons. Can I help you? M: Yes. I’d like to book a room for next week, in the name of Johnson. W: Fine. Could you give me the days, please, sir? M: Monday to Thursday. W: OK. Single or double room, sir? M: Double—my wife will be with me. We’d like a private bathroom, too, if possible. W: I’ll have to check that, sir. What time will you be here on Monday? M: About 7:30 pm. Can we book a table for dinner? W: Certainly. M: Do you book things like theater tickets and local tours? W: We can do that. M: Thank you. W: Thanks for calling. Complete the form. Write ONE WORD for each answer. Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation. M: So, what do you want to do tomorrow? W: Well, let’s look at this city guide here. Why don’t we first visit the art museum in the morning? M: OK, I like that idea. And where do you want to eat lunch? W: How about going to a Chinese restaurant? The guide recommends one downtown a few blocks from the museum. M: That sounds great. After that, what do you think about visiting the zoo? Well, it says here that there are some unique animals not found anywhere else.
W: Well, to be honest, I prefer shopping. There are supposed to be some really nice places to pick up souvenirs. M: Nah, I don’t think that’s a good idea. We only have few travelers checks left, and I only have fifty dollars left in cash. W: Oh, well. Let’s take the subway downtown to the seashore and walk along the beach. It’s free. M: Now that sounds like a wonderful plan. Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer. Key: 1—5 BABCD 6—10 ADABC 11—13 CBC 14—16 AAD 17. Thursday 18. private 19. 7:30 20. tours 21. The city guide 22. A Chinese restaurant 23. Souvenirs 24. The seashore / beach II. Grammar and Vocabulary 25. A。具体日期前用 on 修饰；leave for 为出发到某地的意思；in one’s car 在某人的车里。 26. A。prefer doing to doing 喜欢??胜过于??。 27. D。先行词 the way 在定语从句中作状语时，关系词可以用 that, in which 或省略。 28. B。take place 为 “发生”之意，无被动语态。set up a factory 建立一个工厂。 29. A。It is + 名词 + for sb. to do sth. 对某人来说做某事是不可能的，不定式短语作真正的 主语。 30. C。because 从句中缺少谓语动词，根据 in the past 可知用一般过去时，所以 C 为正确答 案。 31. B。宾语从句的时态和主句时态一致，都用过去时，意为“我直到昨天才知道他要来” 。 32. C。句意为“做完功课，这样你就可以出去玩了” 。 33. A。be worth doing 值得做，用作宾语补足语。 34. D。be senior to sb in 在某方面比某人级别高/好。 35. B。根据时间状语可知用将来时态的被动语态。 36. C。maintain the house 意为 “维修房屋” 。 37. B。without hesitation 毫不犹豫地。 38. B。for lack of funds 由于缺乏资金，作状语，此处作表语故用 lack of。 39. D。employer 雇主; colleague 同事。 40. C。此句是由 while 连接的表示对比关系的并列句，因为 while 后分句的时态为过去时， 空格处也要用相应的过去时，根据句意可知，Mary 正在做饭，所以用过去进行时。 41—45 JBAHC 46—50 EGDFI III. Reading Comprehension 51. B。enjoy oneself 玩得开心。 52. D。参加体育活动 take part in sports。 53. C。可取决于个人的兴趣。 54. A。spend our sparetime 度过业余时间。 55. A。some 表示“某人，某一”相当于 a certain。 56. A。和下文 don’t cost anything 像相对应。 57. A。be worth a lot of money 值很多钱。 58. A。valuable 珍贵的。 59. D。reasonable 合理的。 60. A。collect match boxes 收集火柴盒。 61. B。however 然而。 62. D。没有什么比这更开心的了。
63. A。what 引导表语从句。 64. D。for the fun of sth 为了开心，为了娱乐。 65. C。not ... but 不是??而是。 66. D。文章第三段及第四段也都说到积极思考会起反作用。 67. B。文中前面说到有时说得过分，反而会让人感觉更糟，然后又说告诉朋友有爱因斯坦 那样的潜能，自然会让朋友感觉有点夸张，反而会让他们觉得是在说自己不聪明。 68. B。根据文章第五段实验者在被迫进行多次自我肯定后，自卑的情况并没有得到改善， 反而加重了。 69. C。根据文章最后一段。作者说文章还推荐人们把静思作为一种心理治疗的方法。 70. C。根据第四段最后一句话可知。一些人通过情绪化的饮食来排解和分散日常生活中的 压力。 71. B。此句话的意思是：我们都有过类似这样的经历。指情绪化饮食的经历。 72. D。根据文章第二段第二句话可知 D 为正确答案。 73. C 74. B。从原文第一句 The first step in exercising for most people is determining whether or not they should.可以看出, 作者试图 step by step 地给 anyone who wants to take up exercise 提建议。 75. B 76. A。105. 首先参考原文公式(220－age) ×60%, 然后对照原文 If you are just starting to exercise 60 percent is recommended 得出算式(220－45) ×60%=105。 77. D 78. (How to) draw more enthusiastic participation and teach more effectively. 79. conflicts of interest and doing business fairly 80. Teaching employees, building product awareness and solving real world problems. 81. engage mainstream Internet users with more timely, vital issues 第 II 卷 I． Translation 1. He answered my question without (any) hesitation. 2. It is nice of you to remind me of the meeting. 3. Pay attention to what the teacher teaches in class. 4. Lack of exercise makes him less healthy than before. 5. Visitors are admitted into the art gallery on weekdays. II. Guided Writing Tuesday Dear Liu Fen, This is to tell you we’ll attend our foreign teacher Marcus’s lecture in Room 4015, and the time is at 3:30 pm. Do remember to bring last week’s assignment. Yours, Li Hua