第 15 讲 时态和语态经典精讲（下） 开篇语 It is the first time that sb. has done sth. It was the first time sb. had done sth. H ardly had sb. done sth. when sth. happened. No sooner had sb. done sth. than sth.
happened. sb. is always doing sth. 表说话者说话时的一种情感色彩，赞扬、责备或批评。 表位移方向的动词的现在进行时表将来。 I’m leaving for Shanghai tomorrow. by+将来时间状语 或表将来时态的句子，要用将来完成时态； by+过去时间状语或表过去时态的句子，要用过去完成时态。 动词时态解题要素之------语境暗示 语境暗示主要是指上下文语境或前后语境提示。如 What’s the noise 或 look, listen 等在题 干中出现时要用现在进行时；并列句、复合句前后语境里时态的暗示等。考生在解答时态试 题时，若题干中既找不到时间状语，又不是测试的固定句型时，考生得从上下文语境考虑了， 即题干前后时态或句子意思的暗示。这样就能迅速而准确的找到关键信息点，问题就迎刃而 解了。此类考点也是高考时态试题测试的重点。考生应该重点掌握。 高考题示例（划线的斜体部分为高考题的正确答案，加粗字体部分是语境暗示部分） 1. I was just going to cut my rose bushes but someone had done it. Was it you? 2. I walked slowly through the market, where people were selling all kinds of fruits and vegetables. I studied the prices carefully and bought what I needed. 3. The church tower which is being restored will be open to tourists soon. The work is almost finished. 4. We have been working on this project for four hours. Let’s have a rest. 5. ——When shall we restart our business? ——Not until we have finished our plan． 6. You’ve failed to do what you were expected to and I’m afraid the teacher will blame you． 7. Linda makes sure the tables are set before the guests arrive. 8. The telephone was ringing, but by the time I got indoors, it stopped. 9. Teenagers are damaging their health because they play computer games too much. 10. ——What’s that noise? ——Oh, I forgot to tell you. Th