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2017版高考英语一轮总复习 高考AB卷分类试题 专题13 完形填空



专题十三

完形填空

2016~2012 年各省市高考题 A 卷 全国卷 考点一 记叙文 Cloze 1 (2016·全国Ⅲ) 话题 成长的故事 词数 274 难度 ★★ 建议时间 15 分钟

When I was 13 my only purpose was to become the star on our football team.That meant__1__Miller King,who was the best __2__at our school. Football season started in September and all summer long I worked out.I carried my football everywhere for __3__. Just before September,Miller was struck by a car and lost his right arm.I went to see him after he came back from__4__.He looked very__5__,but he didn’t cry. That season,I__6__all of Miller’s records while he__7__the home games from the bench.We went 10-1 and I was named most valuable player,__8__I often had crazy dreams in which I was to blame for Miller’s __9__. One afternoon,I was crossing the field to go home and saw Miller __10__going over a fence—which wasn’t__11__to climb if you had both arms.I’m sure I was the last person in the world he wanted to accept __12__ from.But even that challenge he accepted.I__13__ him move slowly over the fence.When we were finally __14__ on the other side,he said to me,“You know,I didn’t tell you this during the season,but you did__15__.Thank you for filling in for__16__.” His words freed me from my bad __17__.I thought to myself,how even without an arm he was more of a leader.Damaged but not defeated,he was__18__ahead of me.I was right to have __19__ him.From that day on,I grew __20__ and a little more real. 【语篇导读】 本文是一篇记叙文,主要讲述了作者想成为校足球队的明星,经过帮助受伤的 Miller King,使自己真正得到了成长。
1

1.A.cheering for C.relying on 答案 B

B.beating out D.staying with

[考查动词短语辨析及语境理解。根据下一句,因为他是足球队中最好的球员,所

以要想成为明星就要打败他。故选 B。] 2.A.coach 答案 D B.student C.teacher D.player

[考查名词辨析及语境理解。根据语境此处应是足球队员。故选 D。] B.show C.comfort D.pleasure

3.A.practice 答案 A 故选 A。] 4.A.school 答案 C

[考查名词辨析及语境理解。 因为赛季开始了, 所以作者为了实现目标到处练习。

B.vacation

C.hospital

D.training

[考查名词辨析及语境理解。 因为 Miller 被车撞了, 所以当他从医院回来的时候,

作者去看他,故选 C。] 5.A.pale 答案 A B.calm C.relaxed D.ashamed

[考查形容词辨析及语境理解。因为从医院刚回来,身体还未康复,所以脸色苍

白。故选 A。] 6.A.held 答案 B 故选 B。] 7.A.reported C.organized 答案 D 8.A.and 答案 C B.judged D.watched B.broke C.set D.tried

[考查动词辨析及语境理解。根据后句内容判断作者打破了记录,故用 break。

[考查动词辨析及语境理解。此时 Miller 只能在家里观看比赛。故选 D。] B.then C.but D.thus

[考查连词辨析及语境理解。根据前句作者获得了最有价值球员,和后一句作者

常做梦受谴责,这两句话之间是转折关系。故选 C。] 9.A.decision C.accident 答案 C 10.A.stuck 答案 A B.mistake D.sacrifice

[根据上文可知,此处应是 Miller 受伤的事故。故选 C。] B.hurt C.tried D.lost

[考查动词辨析及语境理解。此处应是 Miller 坚持过栅栏。故选 A。] B.hard C.fun D.fit

11.A.steady 答案 B 故选 B。]

[考查形容词辨析及语境理解。对正常人来,越过栅栏应该不是一件困难的事。

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12.A.praise C.assistance 答案 C

B.advice D.apology

[考查名词辨析及语境理解。 因为 Miller 和作者两个人之间的竞争, 所以他并不想

得到作者的帮助。故选 C。] 13.A.let 答案 B B.helped C.had D.noticed

[考查动词辨析及语境理解。根据上一句 But even that challenge he accepted.

可知,Miller 接受了帮助。故选 B。] 14.A.dropped C.trapped 答案 D B.ready D.safe

[考查形容词、动词辨析及语境理解。根据语境,此处指当他们安全越过栅栏的时

候。故选 D。] 15.A.fine C.quickly 答案 A 16.A.us 答案 C B.wrong D.normally

[考查副词辨析及语境理解。根据语境,此处指作者在比赛中做得很好。故选 A。] B.yourself C.me D.them

[考查代词辨析及语境理解。此处的意思是,谢谢你为我加油。故选 C。] B.ideas D.dreams

17.A.memories C.attitudes 答案 D

[考查名词辨析及语境理解。根据上文可知,Miller 把作者从最初的那个不好的梦

想中解脱了出来。故选 D。] 18.A.still 答案 A B.also C.yet D.just

[考查副词辨析及语境理解。 作者虽然打破了 Miller 创造的纪录, 但在作者心中,

他仍领先于作者。故选 A。] 19.A.challenged C.invited 答案 D B.cured D.admired

[考查动词辨析及语境理解。此处指作者一直钦佩 Miller。故选 D。] B.bigger D.cooler

20.A.healthier C.cleverer 答案 B

[考查形容词辨析及语境理解。经过帮助受伤的 Miller King,使自己真正得到了

成长。故选 B。] Cloze 2 (2015·新课标全国Ⅰ) 话题 词数 难度 建议时间
3

善举的力量

254

★★

16 分钟

My kids and I were heading into the supermarket over the weekend.On the way,we spotted a man holding a piece of paper that said,“ __1__ my job.Family to Feed.” At this store,a __2__ like this is not normal.My 10-year-old noticed him and made a __3__ on how bad it must be to have to stand __4__ in the cold wind. In the store,I asked each of my kids to __5__ something they thought our “friend” there would __6__.They got apples,a sandwich and a bottle of juice.Then my 17-year -old suggested giving him a __7__.I thought about it.We were __8__ on cash ourselves, but...well,sometimes __9__ from our need instead of our abundance is __10__ what we need to do!All the kids __11__ something they could do away with for the week. When we handed him the bag of __12__,he lit up and thanked us with __13__ eyes.When I handed him the gift card,saying he could use it for __14__ his family might need, he burst into tears. This has been a wonderful __15__ for our family.For days the kids have been looking for others we can __16__!Things would have played out so __17__ if I had simply said, “No,we really don’t have __18__ to give more.” Stepping out not only helped a brother in __19__,it also gave my kids the __20__ taste of helping others.It’ll go a long way with them. 【语篇导读】 这是一篇记叙文,作者讲述了发生在自己身边的一件事。周末的时候作者和孩 子们去超市的路上遇到了一个站在寒风中寻求帮助的人,他引导孩子们奉献爱心,快乐自己。 通过这次经历,作者诠释了“赠人玫瑰,手留余香”的真谛。 1.A.Lost 答案 A B.Changed C.Quit D.Finished

[考查语境中动词的辨析。 联系下文内容及“Family to feed.”可知这个人失业了,

还要养活家人。故答案为 A。] 2.A.condition 答案 C B.place C.sight D.show

[考查语境中名词的辨析。那人手里拿着一张写有“失去工作,供养家人”的纸,

站在冷风中。这种情景在超市外面并不常见。condition 条件;place 地方;sight 情景,景 象;show 展示。显然唯有 C 项符合题意。] 3.A.suggestion C.decision 答案 B B.comment D.call

[考查语境中名词的辨析。十岁的儿子看到这个站在冷风中的求助者十分感慨,发

表评论(comment)。suggestion 建议;decision 决定;call 电话;均不合句意。]
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4.A.outside C.by 答案 A

B.proudly D.angrily

[考查语境中副词的辨析。由“in the cold wind”所提供的信息可以判断此人是

站在超市外面的。] 5.A.draw 答案 D B.say C.arrange D.pick

[考查语境中动词的辨析。根据下文所述可知,我让孩子们挑选(pick)某种他们认

为这位朋友喜欢(appreciate)的东西。 draw 绘画; say 说出; arrange 安排。 均与语境不符。 ] 6.A.order 答案 C B.supply C.appreciate D.discover

[考查语境中动词的辨析。见上一小题解析。order 命令,订购;supply 供应;

discover 发现。均不符合语境。] 7.A.dollar C.hot meal 答案 D B.job D.gift card

[考查语境中名词的辨析。下一段“When I handed him the gift card...”一句

已有暗示。] 8.A.easy 答案 B B.low C.soft D.loose

[考查语境中形容词的辨析。根据前面“I thought about it.”以及接下来的

“but...well...”可知,我们的现金也不多了。easy 容易;low (数量等)不足的;soft 柔 软的;loose 松散的。B 项显然符合句意。] 9.A.giving 答案 A B.saving C.spending D.begging

[考查语境中动词的辨析。由全文内容不难看出,作者和孩子们的举动是将财物赠

与需要帮助的人。故答案为 A。] 10.A.yet 答案 D B.even C.still D.just

[考查语境中副词的辨析。有时,从生活需用品中节省出来赠与别人恰恰是(just)

我们需要做的。其余选项不符合语意逻辑。] 11.A.declared 答案 A B.shared C.ignored D.expected

[考查语境中动词的辨析。为了省出钱来去帮助别人,孩子们纷纷宣布自己这周可

以舍弃不用的东西。 declare 公布, 宣布; share 分享, 分担; ignore 忽视, 不理睬; expect 期待。由句意可知答案为 A。] 12.A.toys 答案 C B.medicine C.food D.clothes

[考查语境中名词的辨析。联系上文“They got apples,a sandwich,and a bottle

of juice.”一句可知,我们将这些食品递给这个人。故答案为 C。] 13.A.sleepy B.watery C.curious D.sharp
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答案 B

[考查语境中形容词的辨析。根据本段结尾一句中的“...he burst into tears.”

可知,这个人眼含泪水向我们表示感谢。sleepy 困倦的;watery 含水的;curious 好奇的; sharp 锐利的。由语境可知 B 项为正确答案。] 14.A.whoever 答案 B B.whatever C.whichever D.whenever

[考查语境中代词的辨析。 由句子结构可知, 这是一个宾语从句。 从句谓语动词 need

之后缺少宾语,故可将 D 项排除。再结合句意“我告诉他可以用这张卡为家人购买生活必需 品”可知答案非 B 莫属。] 15.A.experience 答案 A B.example C.message D.adventure

[考查语境中名词的辨析。由前文所述可知,这是一次非常棒的经历,给了孩子们

莫大的鼓舞。experience 经历;example 例子;message 口信;adventure 冒险。显然答案为 A。] 16.A.rely on 答案 D B.respect C.learn from D.help

[考查语境中短语动词的辨析。帮助别人,快乐自己。接连几天,孩子们都在寻找

需要帮助的人。显然,D 项意思与语境相吻合。] 17.A.suddenly C.differently 答案 C B.vividly D.perfectly

[考查语境中副词的辨析。句意:如果我当时告诉孩子们没有钱去帮助更多的人,

事情可能会完全不同,他们可能就不会有这样的举动。suddenly 突然;vividly 生动地; differently 不同地;perfectly 完美地。由句意可知 C 项为正确答案。] 18.A.time 答案 D 19.A.fear 答案 C B.power C.patience D.money

[考查语境中名词的辨析。见上一小题解析。] B.love C.need D.memory

[考查语境中名词的辨析。综合前文所叙述的经历可知,我和孩子们帮助了一位处

于困境中的人。in need 的意思是“患难;急需;处于困境中”。] 20.A.strong 答案 B B.sweet C.strange D.simple

[考查语境中形容词的辨析。纵观全文,作者与孩子们的这一善举让他们品尝到了

帮助别人的甜蜜,正所谓“赠人玫瑰,手留余香”。故答案为 B。] Cloze 3 (2014·大纲全国) 话题 生存奇迹 词数 267 难度 ★★ 建议时间 17 分钟

Joe Simpson and Simon Yates were the first people to climb the West Face of the Siula Grande in the Andes mountains.They reached the top __1__,but on their way back
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conditions were very__2__.Joe fell and broke his leg.They both knew that if Simon__3__alone,he would probably get back__4__.But Simon decided to risk his __5__ and try to lower Joe down the mountain on a rope(绳). As they __6__ down,the weather got worse.Then another __7__ occurred.They couldn’ t see or hear each other and,__8__,Simon lowered his friend over the edge of a precipice(峭壁).It was __9__ for Joe to climb back or for Simon to pull him up.Joe’ s __10__ was pulling Simon slowly towards the precipice.__11__,after more than an hour in the dark and the icy cold,Simon had to __12__.In tears,he cut the rope.Joe __13__ into a huge crevasse(裂缝)in the ice below.He had no food or water and he was in terrible pain.He couldn’t walk,but he __14__ to get out of the crevasse and started to __15__ towards their camp,nearly ten kilometers __16__. Simon had __17__ the camp at the foot of the mountain.He thought that Joe must be __18__,but he didn’t want to leave __19__.Three days later,in the middle of the night, he heard Joe’s voice.He couldn’t __20__ it.Joe was there,a few meters from their tent,still alive. 【语篇导读】 本文是一篇记叙文,Joe Simpson 和 Simon Yates 在一次登山返程时遭遇意外, Joe 摔伤了腿,Simon 迫不得已割断绳子,Joe 摔下悬崖。但令人惊奇的是,Joe 三天后还活着, 并在营地的不远处。 1.A.hurriedly C.successfully 答案 C 故选 C。] 2.A.difficult 答案 A B.similar C.special D.normal B.carefully D.early

[考查副词辨析。 根据文章第一句话提示, 他们成功地(successfully)到达了山顶。

[考查形容词辨析。根据__1__空之后的 but 提示可知,他们成功地到达山顶后,在

返程时情况很糟糕(difficult)。故选 A。] 3.A.climbed 答案 D B.worked C.rested D.continued

[考查动词辨析。根据句意他们都知道,如果 Simon 独自一个人继续(continued)

的话,他将会平安(safely)归来。] 4.A.unwillingly C.slowly 答案 B D.regretfully B.safely

[考查副词辨析。解析同上。] B.time
7

5.A.fortune

C.health 答案 D

D.life

[考查固定搭配。 根据__4__后 But 可知, Simon 决定冒险用绳子把 Joe 放下山。 risk

one’s life(to do)冒生命危险去做??。] 6.A.lay 答案 C B.settled C.went D.looked

[考查固定搭配。go down 往下走。lie down 躺下来;settle down 定居下来;look

down 向下看。] 7.A.damage 答案 D B.storm C.change D.trouble

[考查上下文联系。当他们继续往下走时,天气变得更糟糕了,这时,另外一个麻

烦(trouble)出现了,他们彼此看不到也听不到了。] 8.A.by mistake C.by choice 答案 A D.by luck B.by chance

[考查介词短语辨析。by mistake 错误地;by chance 偶然地;by choice 出于选

择;by luck 侥幸地。根据下文,Simon 把 Joe 错误地放在峭壁的上方。因为对于 Joe 而言攀 爬回来是不可能的,而 Simen 要把 Joe 拉回来也是不可能的(impossible)。] 9.A.unnecessary C.important 答案 D D.impossible B.practical

[考查形容词辨析。解析同上。] B.weight D.equipment

10.A.height C.strength 答案 B 选 B。] 11.A.Finally 答案 A B.Patiently

[考查名词辨析。根据文章,Joe 的体重(weight)正逐渐地把 Simon 拉向峭壁,故

C.Surely

D.Quickly

[考查副词辨析。最后(Finally)在坚持了一个多小时后,Simon 不得不做出一个决

定(make a decision),含泪切断绳子。] 12.A.stand back C.make a decision 答案 C B.take a rest D.hold on

[考查动词短语辨析。stand back 退后;往后站;不介入;take a rest 休息一下;

hold on=hang on 别挂断。] 13.A.jumped 答案 B B.fell C.escaped D.backed

[考查动词辨析。绳子被切断,被系在另一端的 Joe 肯定会落入(fell)裂缝中。] B.planned C.waited D.hoped

14.A.managed

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答案 A

[考查动词搭配。Joe 不能走,但是他却成功地爬出了裂缝,开始向他们的营地前

进。manage to do sth(成功地)做成了某事。] 15.A.run 答案 C B.skate C.move D.march

[考查动词辨析。run 跑,Joe 腿断了,肯定不能跑;skate 滑冰;march 前进,行

军。move 移动,此处应为 Joe 爬行前进更为贴切。] 16.A.around 答案 B B.away C.above D.along

[考查副词辨析。nearly ten kilometers away 将近 10 千米远。] B.traveled to D.returned to

17.A.headed for C.left for 答案 D

[考查动词辨析。head for 向??前进;leave for 动身去某地;return to 返回

到,根据文章,Simon 回到他们的营地,但不愿离开。] 18.A.dead 答案 A B.hurt C.weak D.late

[考查形容词。Simon 认为 Joe 从高处摔入裂缝中无粮无水,肯定死了(dead)。] B.tiredly D.anxiously

19.A.secretly C.immediately 答案 C 离开。] 20.A.find 答案 B B.believe

[考查副词辨析。尽管 Simon 认为 Joe 肯定死了,但是他不愿立刻(immediately)

C.make

D.accept

[考查动词辨析。 当 Simon 听到 Joe 的声音时, 他肯定特别吃惊, 很难相信(believe)

自己看到的 Joe 在几米之外,依然活着。] Cloze 4 (2013·新课标全国Ⅰ) 话题 体验残疾 词数 240 难度 ★★ 建议时间 16 分钟

I went to a group activity, “Sensitivity Sunday”, which was to make us more__1__the problems faced by disabled people.We were asked to “__2__a disability” for several hours one Sunday.Some members,__3__,chose to use wheelchairs.Others wore sound- blocking earplugs(耳塞)or blindfolds(眼罩). Just sitting in the wheelchair was a__4__experience.I had never considered before how__5__it would be to use one.As soon as I sat down,my__6__made the chair begin to roll.Its wheels were not __7__.Then I wondered where to put my__8__.It took me quite a while to get the metal footrest into__9__.I took my first uneasy look at what was

9

to be my only means of__10__for several hours.For disabled people,“adopting a wheelchair” is not a temporary(临时的)__11__. I tried to find a__12__position and thought it might be restful,__13__kind of nice, to be__14__around for a while.Looking around,I__15__I would have to handle the thing myself! My hands started to ache as I__16__the heavy metal wheels.I came to know that controlling the__17__of the wheelchair was not going to be a(n)__18__task. My wheelchair experiment was soon__19__.It made a deep impression on me.A few hours of “disability” gave me only a taste of the__20__,both physical and mental,that disabled people must overcome. 【语篇导读】 本文是一篇记叙文。为了更好地了解残疾人所面对的问题,作者参加了一次体 验残疾人的活动,试着操作轮椅来体验残疾人的生活,可操作轮椅并没有像作者想象得那样简 单。这次经历给作者留下了非常深刻的印象,作者也从中深受教育。 1.A.curious about C.aware of 答案 C B.interested in D.careful with

[考查形容词短语辨析。 根据空格后的“the problems faced by disabled people”

并结合选项可知,活动的目的就是让“我们”更加了解残疾人所面对的问题,C 项意为“知 道,了解,意识到”,与文意相符。A 项意为“对??好奇”;B 项意为“对??感兴趣”; D 项意为“小心,当心”,均与语境不符,可排除。故答案选 C。] 2.A.cure 答案 C B.prevent C.adopt D.analyze

[考查动词辨析。A 项意为“治疗,治愈”;B 项意为“预防,防止,阻止” ;C 项

意为“采取,接受”;D 项意为“分析”。由下文可知,大家采取一些方法,利用一些道具, 让自己体验一下残疾人的生活。由此结合第二段最后一句中的“adopting a wheelchair”可 知,adopt 与文意相符。故答案选 C。] 3.A.instead 答案 D B.strangely C.as usual D.like me

[考查词语辨析。根据下文可知,作者选择了轮椅,故此处指有些人像作者一样选

择了使用轮椅。like me 与语境相符,故答案选 D。] 4.A.learning 答案 A B.working C.satisfying D.relaxing

[考查动词辨析。由句中“I had never...”可知,对作者来说,坐轮椅就是一次

学习的经历。由此可知,learning 符合语境。故答案选 A。] 5.A.convenient B.awkward C.boring D.exciting

10

答案 B

[考查形容词辨析。根据下文内容可知,轮椅的操作并没有作者想象得那么容易。

因此, 此处指作者之前从未想过轮椅使用起来会那么棘手, B 项意为“难对付的, 难使用的”, 与文意相符。故答案选 B。] 6.A.height 答案 D B.force C.skill D.weight

[考查名词辨析。根据下文“made the chair begin to roll”并结合选项和常识

可知,是作者的体重使轮椅向前滚动,故 weight 符合语境。故答案选 D。] 7.A.locked 答案 A B.repaired C.powered D.grasped

[考查动词辨析。根据常识可推知,作者一坐上去,轮椅就向前滚动起来,很可能

是因为轮椅的轮子没有被锁住,因此 locked 符合文意。故答案选 A。] 8.A.hands 答案 B B.feet C.keys D.handles

[考查名词辨析。根据下文“It took me quite a while to get the metal footrest

into...”可知,此处指作者不知道该把自己的双脚放在哪里。在四个选项中,feet 与此相 符。故答案选 B。] 9.A.place 答案 A B.action C.play D.effect

[考查名词辨析。根据上文可知,作者不知道如何来操作轮椅,因此花了相当长一

段时间才使金属脚蹬踏板放置到位,place 意为“位置,地点,地方”,与文意相符。故答 案选 A。] 10.A.operation C.transportation 答案 C B.communication D.production

[考查名词辨析。A 项意为“操作,经营,手术”;B 项意为“通讯,通信,交流”;

C 项意为“交通,运输”;D 项意为“产品,生产”。上文提到“only means of”,由此结 合上文第一段中的“We were...for several hours one Sunday.”可知,此处指在接下来的 几个小时里,轮椅是唯一的交通工具,transportation 与此相符。故答案选 C。] 11.A.exploration C.experiment 答案 C B.education D.entertainment

[考查名词辨析。根据最后一段第一句中的“My wheelchair experiment”并结合

选项可知, 此处指对于残疾人来说, 采用轮椅并不是一次临时的试验。 experiment 符合语境, 故答案选 C。] 12.A.flexible 答案 D B.safe C.starting D.comfortable

[考查形容词辨析。根据上文可知,作者对于操作轮椅没有经验,感到很费劲。由

此结合选项可推知,此处指作者试图找到一个舒适的位置,因此,comfortable 符合文意。 故答案选 D。]
11

13.A.yet 答案 D

B.just

C.still

D.even

[考查副词辨析。根据空格前的“ it might be restful”和空格后的“kind of

nice”可知,此处表示的是程度的比较,因此,even 与文意相符。故答案选 D。] 14.A.shown 答案 B B.pushed C.driven D.guided

[考查动词辨析。根据空格后的“around for a while”和下文中“have to handle

the thing myself”可知, 作者本来是想坐着轮椅被推着四处转一会儿, 故 pushed 符合语境。 故答案选 B。] 15.A.realized 答案 A B.suggested C.agreed D.admitted

[考查动词辨析。根据空格前的“Looking around”并结合空格后的内容可知,此

处指作者环顾四周,意识到自己不得不亲自来操作轮椅,因此,realized 与文意相符。故答 案选 A。] 16.A.lifted 答案 B B.turned C.pressed D.seized

[考查动词辨析。空格前提到,作者的双手开始疼了起来,结合常识可知,作者是

用自己的手来转动轮椅的轮子,turned 意为“转动,翻转”,与语境相符。故答案选 B。] 17.A.path 答案 C B.position C.direction D.way

[考查名词辨析。根据空格前的动词“ controlling”并结合常识可知,控制轮椅

的方向并不容易,因此,direction 符合语境。故答案选 C。] 18.A.easy 答案 A B.heavy C.major D.extra

[考查形容词辨析。结合上文可知,作者经过一番艰难的试验之后,最终发现操作

轮椅并不是那么容易。easy 与文意相符,故答案选 A。] 19.A.forgotten C.conducted 答案 D B.repeated D.finished

[考查动词辨析。根据空格后的“It made a deep impression on me.”并结合选

项可知,作者的轮椅实验结束了,D 项意为“结束,完成”,符合语境。故答案选 D。] 20.A.weaknesses C.anxieties 答案 B B.challenges D.illnesses

[考查名词辨析。空格后提到“both physical and mental”以及“overcome”并

结合选项可知,几个小时的操作轮椅经历对作者来说,无论是在身体上还是在精神上都是一 种挑战,B 项意为“挑战”,符合语境。故答案选 B。] Cloze 5 (2013·新课标全国Ⅱ) 话题 爱心手套 词数 235 难度 ★★★ 建议时间 20 分钟
12

Michael Greenberg is a very popular New Yorker.He is not famous in sports or the arts.But people in the streets__1__him,especially those who are__2__. For those people,he is “Gloves” Greenberg.How did he get that__3__?He looks like any other businessman,wearing a suit and carrying a briefcase(公文包).But he’ s__4__.His briefcase always has some gloves. In winter, Mr.Greenberg does not__5__like other New Yorkers, who look at the sidewalk and__6__the street.He looks around at__7__.He stops when he__8__someone with no gloves.He gives them a pair and then he__9__looking for more people with cold__10__. On winter days,Mr.Greenberg__11__gloves.During the rest of the year, he__12__gloves.People who have heard about him__13__him gloves,and he has many in his apartment. Mr.Greenberg__14__doing this 21 years ago.Now,many poor New Yorkers know him and__15__his behavior.But people who don’t know him are sometimes__16__him.They don’ t realize that he just wants to make them__17__. It runs in the__18__.Michael’s father always helped the poor as he believed it made everyone happier.Michael Greenberg feels the__19__.A pair of gloves may be a__20__thing,but it can make a big difference in winter. 【语篇导读】 文章主要讲述纽约人迈克尔·格林博格助人为乐的故事。迈克尔·格林博格是 一个受欢迎的纽约人。街上的人,尤其是穷人,都认识他,因为每年冬天他都会给没有手套的 人赠送手套。 1.A.know about C.cheer for 答案 A B.learn from D.look after

[根据上文可知 Michael Greenberg 是个很出名的纽约人,他不是体育或者艺术名

人,但是街上的人都认识他。] 2.A.old 答案 D B.busy C.kind D.poor

[根据下文的内容,Michael Greenberg 一直是在帮助穷人,为他们送去手套,所

以 poor“穷困的”符合文意,因此正确答案为 D 项。] 3.A.job 答案 B B.name C.chance D.message

[前一句中“对那些人来说,他是’手套’Greenberg”,所以这一句问的是他是怎

么得到这个称号的,name“名称”符合文意。因此正确答案为 B 项。] 4.A.calm B.different C.crazy D.curious

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答案 B

[上文说“他看上去跟其他商人一样,穿西装拎公文包”,在 but 转折之后,后一

句说“他的公文包里总有几双手套” ,说明是跟其他人不一样,different“不同的”符合文 意。故选 B 项。] 5.A.act 答案 A B.sound C.feel D.dress

[act 表现,行动;sound 听起来;feel 感受;dress 穿着。下文中具体描绘了一些

行为,所以 act 符合文意。因此正确答案为 A 项。] 6.A.cross over C.hurry down 答案 C B.drive along D.keep off

[cross over 穿过;drive along 沿着??行驶;hurry down 沿着??匆忙走;keep

off 远离??。 根据上下文的描述, 其他的纽约人都是看着人行道, 行色匆匆, 所以 hurry down 符合文意。因此正确答案为 C 项。] 7.A.cars C.street numbers 答案 B B.people D.traffic lights

[上文中说其他纽约人都是看着人行道,紧接着又提到了他会给人手套,所以他看

的应该是 people“人”。因此正确答案为 B 项。] 8.A.helps 答案 D B.chooses C.greets D.sees

[“看到有人没有手套的时候就会停下来”,横线处应该用 see 表示看见。] B.hangs out D.turns around

9.A.holds up C.moves on 答案 C

[根据上下文的意思,他在帮助了别人之后应该是继续前进,寻找更多没有手套的

人。move on“继续前进”符合文意。因此正确答案为 C 项。] 10.A.hands 答案 A 部位。] 11.A.searches for C.gives away 答案 C B.stores up D.puts on B.ears C.faces D.eyes

[文中主要讲 Greenberg 是给没有手套的人送手套,所以说的是手冷,而不是其他

[search for 搜寻;store up 贮存;give away 赠送,分发;put on 穿上。根据上

下文,在冬天,Greenberg 先生是赠送手套,故 C 项符合文意。] 12.A.borrows 答案 D 13.A.call B.sells C.returns D.buys

[上文说他在冬天送手套,所以在别的时候,他去买手套。因此正确答案为 D 项。] B.send C.lend D.show

14

答案 B

[后一句说他现在公寓里有很多手套,说明听说过他的人们是给他送手套,send 寄

送,符合句意。因此正确答案为 B 项。] 14.A.delayed C.began 答案 C 为 C 项。] 15.A.understand C.study 答案 A B.dislike D.excuse [结合上下文语境“如今,许多纽约的穷人认识他,而且理解他的行为。但是,不 B.remembered D.enjoyed [句意为:他是从 21 年前开始做这件事的。begin 开始,符合文意。因此正确答案

认识他的人,有时会因为他的行为而感到吃惊。”故选 A 项。] 16.A.sorry for C.proud of 答案 D B.satisfied with D.surprised by

[考查短语辨析。sorry for 为??感到抱歉;satisfied with 对??感到满意;

proud of 为??感到骄傲;surprised by 因为??而吃惊。] 17.A.smart 答案 D B.rich C.special D.happy

[下文中提到了帮助穷人会让每个人都更开心幸福,所以横线处的意思是说,他们

(不认识他的人们)没有意识到,他只是想让他们开心。所以 D 项符合文意。] 18.A.city C.neighborhood 答案 B B.family D.company

[下文中提到了“Michael’s father”,所以可以判断横线处说的是 family“家

庭”,run in the family 是习惯表达,意为“世代相传,家庭特色”。] 19.A.honor 答案 C B.pain C.same D.cold

[由上文“父亲认为帮助穷困的人会让他们更开心” ,上段最后一句中提到

“Greenberg 只是想让他们开心”可知他也有同样的感受,故 C 项符合文意。] 20.A.small C.delightful 答案 A B.useful D.comforting

[下文用 but 表示转折,并且提到了 make a big difference“有很大的影响”,

说明横线处应该是与 big 形成对比的,故 small 符合文意,表示一双手套虽小,但却能在冬 天起到防冻的作用。] 考点二 夹叙夹议类 Cloze 1 (2016·全国Ⅰ) 话题 词数 难度 建议时间
15

一位英雄的司机

253

★★★

18 分钟

A Heroic Driver Larry works with Transport Drivers.Inc.One morning in 2009,Larry was __1__along 165 north after delivering to one of his__2__.Suddenly, he saw a car with its bright lights on.__3__he got closer, he found __4__vehicle upside down on the road.One more look and he noticed__5__shooting out from under the__6__vehicle.Larry pulled over, set the brake and__7__the fire extinguisher (灭火器).Two good bursts from the extinguisher and the fire was put out. The man who had his bright lights on__8__and told Larry he had__9__an emergency call.They__10__heard a woman’s voice coming from the wrecked (毁坏的) vehicle.__11__the vehicle, they saw that a woman was trying to get out of the broken window.They told her to stay__12__until the emergency personnel arrived,__13__she thought the car was going to__14__.Larry told her that he had already put out the fire and she should not move__15__she injured her neck. Once fire and emergency people arrived, Larry and the other man__16__and let them go to work.Then, Larry asked the__17__if he was needed or __18__to go.They let him and the other man go. One thing is__19__—Larry went above and beyond the call of duty by getting so close to the burning vehicle! His__20__most likely saved the woman’s life. 【语篇导读】 这是一篇夹叙夹议文。短文讲述了货运司机拉里看到了一辆翻倒着火的汽车, 不顾个人安危对伤者实施救助的故事。 1.A.walking 答案 C B.touring C.traveling D.rushing

[考查语境中动词的辨析。由下文的 pulled over, set the brake 等词可知,拉里

送完货物之后正在道路上行驶。因此答案选 C。] 2.A.passengers C.employers 答案 D 手里。] 3.A.Since 答案 C B.Although C.As D.If B.colleagues D.customers

[考查语境中名词的辨析。拉里是送货司机,当然是将货物送到顾客(customers)

[考查语境中连词的辨析。 当拉里走近时才发现, 还有一辆车翻倒在路上。 since 既

然;though 尽管;as 当??时候;if 如果。唯有 C 项符合语境。] 4.A.each B.another C.that D.his
16

答案 B

[考查语境中代词的辨析。前文已经提到拉里看到了一辆开着大灯的车,这是另一

辆车,故答案选 B。] 5.A.flames 答案 A B.smoke C.water D.steam

[考查语境中名词的辨析。由本段最后一句中的“the fire was put out”可以推

断有火焰(flames)从车里冒出来。] 6.A.used C.removed 答案 B B.disabled D.abandoned

[考查语境中形容词的辨析。 根据前文 “upside down”一词及下一段“the wrecked

vehicle”这一信息可知,这辆车已毁坏。] 7.A.got hold of C.took charge of 答案 A B.prepared D.controlled

[考查语境中短语动词的辨析。由语境可知,看到这种情况,拉里赶紧靠边停车,

拿起(get hold of)灭火器去实施救援。] 8.A.came down C.came in 答案 D B.came through D.came over

[考查语境中短语动词的辨析。根据语境可以推断,开着大灯的汽车司机走过来

(come over)告诉拉里他已报警。come down 下来;come through 传来;come in 进来。均 不符合句意。] 9.A.returned C.made 答案 C 10.A.then 答案 A B.received D.confirmed [考查语境中动词的辨析。由上文内容可知,call the police (报警)符合语境。] B.again C.finally D.even

[考查语境中副词的辨析。正当那人与拉里说话,这时他们听到车里传来妇女的声

音。again 又,再;finally 最后;even 甚至。] 11.A.Starting C.Passing 答案 D B.Parking D.Approaching

[考查语境中动词的辨析。根据常识,听到车里有人喊叫,他们当然是走过去

(approach)救人。] 12.A.quiet 答案 B B.still C.away D.calm

[考查语境中形容词的辨析。由 15 空之前的“should not move”这一信息词可以

推断他们告诉这个妇女要保持静止不动(still)。] 13.A.for B.so C.and D.but
17

答案 D

[考查语境中连词的辨析。根据下文妇女所担心的事情,可知这里是逻辑上的转折

关系。故选 D。] 14.A.explode C.fall apart 答案 A B.slip away D.crash

[考查语境中动词的辨析。前面提到这辆车在燃烧,依据常识,explode (爆炸)符

合语境。slip away 消失,消亡;fall apart 破碎;crash 撞毁。] 15.A.as if 答案 C B.unless C.in case D.after

[考查语境中连词的辨析。根据常识,让这个妇女保持不动的原因就是防止脖子受

伤害。as if 好像;unless 除非;in case 万一,以防;after 在??之后。显然,C 项为正 确答案。] 16.A.stepped forward C.moved on 答案 B B.backed off D.set out

[考查语境中短语动词的辨析。 消防队员和警方一到, 拉里和那个人自然退让(back

off)到一边,让他们进行专业救援。step forward 向前走;move on 继续前进;set out 开 始。均不符合语境。] 17.A.woman 答案 B B.police C.man D.driver

[考查语境中名词的辨析。前面提到了那个人拨打了报警电话,现在消防员和警方

赶到,因此拉里询问警察自己是否能帮忙或者没有安排什么事就离开。] 18.A.forbidden 答案 D B.ready C.asked D.free

[考查语境中形容词的辨析。见上一小题解析。] B.for consideration D.checked

19.A.for certain C.reported 答案 A

[考查语境中介词短语的辨析。由前文所述,拉里超越自己的职责范围靠近燃烧的

车辆去搭救别人, 这件事是确定无疑的(for certain)。 patience 耐心; skills 技巧; promise 诺言。均与语境不符。] 20.A.patience C.efforts 答案 C 了可能。] Cloze 2 (2016·全国Ⅱ) 话题 不可以装置取人 词数 264 难度 ★★ 建议时间 17 分钟
18

B.skills D.promise

[考查语境中名词的辨析。 正是拉里尽力(efforts)搭救才让这个妇女幸存下来成为

Hundreds of people have formed impressions of you through that little device(装 置)on your desk.And they’ve never actually__1__you.Everything they know about you__2__through this device, sometimes from hundreds of miles away.__3__they feel they can know you__4__from the sound of your voice.That’s how powerful the__5__is. Powerful, yes, but not always__6__.For years I dealt with my travel agent only by phone.Rani, my faceless agent whom I’d never met__7__, got me rock-bottom prices on airfares, cars, and hotels.But her cold voice really__8__me.I sometimes wished to__9__another agent. One morning, I had to__10__an immediate flight home for a family emergency.I ran into Rani’s office__11__.The woman sitting at the desk,__12__my madness, sympathetically jumped up.She gave me a__13__smile, nodded while listening patiently, and then printed out the__14__immediately.“What a wonderful lady!” I thought. Rushing out __15__ I called out over my shoulder, “By the way, what’s your name?” “I’m Rani,” she said.I turned around and saw a__16__woman with a big smile on her face waving to wish me a safe trip.I was__17__!Why had I thought she was cold? Rani was, well, so__18__. Sitting back in the car on the way to the airport, I figured it all out.Rani’s __19__—her warm smile, her nods, her ‘I’ m here for you’ __20__—were all silent signals that didn’t travel through wires. 【语篇导读】 这是一篇夹叙夹议类的文章。 主要讲述的是作者在与 Rani 进行电话交流时发现 她比较冷漠,但在后来的实际接触中却发现自己的看法完全是错误的,其实她非常友好。 1.A.accepted C.heard 答案 D B.noticed D.met [考查语境中动词的辨析。根据第一句话可知,许多人只是通过电话了解你,在现

实中从来都没见过面。meet 相见,符合语境。] 2.A.came 答案 A B.moved C.ran D.developed

[考查语境中动词的辨析。因为你们之间距离遥远,所以他们对你的了解是来自电

话。come from 来自。] 3.A.Thus 答案 B B.Yet C.Then D.Indeed

[考查语境中副词的辨析。虽然距离很远,但是他们可以通过你的声音了解你。上

下文之间是转折关系,所以使用副词 yet。] 4.A.rather B.also C.just D.already
19

答案 C

[考查语境中副词的辨析。 这里使用 just 表示强调, 别人只要通过声音就可以了解

你。just 只是,符合语境。rather 相当地;also 也;already 已经,都与语境不符。] 5.A.telephone C.connection 答案 A B.voice D.impression

[考查语境中名词的辨析。根据上下文,特别是 6 空后的 only by phone 可知,人

们可以通过电话了解你。] 6.A.direct 答案 D B.useful C.easy D.accurate

[考查语境中形容词的辨析。空前的 but 说明上下文之间是转折关系,电话虽然很

强大,但是也并不是很准确。direct 直接的;useful 有用的;easy 容易的;accurate 准确 的。] 7.A.in person C.in public 答案 A B.by myself D.on purpose

[考查语境中介词短语的辨析。in person 与空前的 faceless 形成对应,Rani 是代

理人,但是我们从来没有见过面。in person 亲自;by myself 靠自己;in public 当众;on purpose 故意地。] 8.A.annoyed C.discouraged 答案 A B.interested D.confused

[考查语境中形容词的辨析。根据前面的 cold voice 可知,Rani 在电话里的声音

很冷漠,这让我很不高兴,甚至想要换一个代理人。作者对她的声音很反感。] 9.A.promote 答案 C B.train C.find D.know

[考查语境中动词的辨析。 正是因为 Rani 的声音让作者很不舒服, 所以作者曾经想

过另外找一个代理人取代她。promote 提拔;train 训练;find 寻找,找到;know 知道。] 10.A.arrange C.confirm 答案 D B.postpone D.book

[考查语境中动词的辨析。因为家庭中的急事作者要立刻预定回家的航班。动词

book 与 flight 搭配,表示预定航班。] 11.A.for the first time C.from time to time 答案 A B.at any time D.in good time

[考查语境中介词短语的辨析。 因为情况紧急, 所以作者第一次来到了 Rani 的办公

室。for the first time 第一次,符合语境。] 12.A.expecting C.testing B.seeing D.avoiding
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答案 B

[考查语境中动词的辨析。Rani 看到作者非常着急,深感同情,所以给了作者以安

慰的笑容 。] 13.A.shy C.familiar 答案 B B.comforting D.forced

[考查语境中形容词的辨析。根据上下文可知,她看到作者很着急,笑着安慰作者。

shy 害羞的;comforting 安慰的;familiar 熟悉的;forced 被迫的。] 14.A.bill 答案 C B.form C.ticket D.list

[考查语境中名词的辨析。根据上下文可知,这里应该是机票。作者预定回家的航

班机票,Rani 很快帮他把机票打印出来。] 15.A.hopefully C.gratefully 答案 C B.disappointedly D.regretfully

[考查语境中副词的辨析。Rani 如此迅速地帮作者把机票打印出来,而且一直面带

微笑,这让他心存感激。hopefully 充满希望地;disappointedly 感到失望地;gratefully 感激地;regretfully 遗憾地。] 16.A.careful 答案 D B.serious C.nervous D.pleasant

[考查语境中形容词的辨析。现实生活中的 Rani 富有同情心,待人热情大方。所以

当作者转身时,看到的是与电话中完全不一样的人。careful 细心的;serious 严肃的,认真 的;nervous 紧张的;pleasant 令人愉快的。] 17.A.amused C.helpless 答案 D 可说。] 18.A.calm 答案 B B.nice C.proud D.clever B.worried D.speechless

[考查语境中形容词的辨析。电话中得到的印象有时很不准确,作者现在真是无话

[考查语境中形容词的辨析。 之前作者认为 Rani 很冷漠, 但却没有想到现实生活中

的 Rani 是如此的友好善良。] 19.A.forgiveness C.friendliness 答案 C B.eagerness D.skillfulness

[考查语境中名词的辨析。 现实中 Rani 对作者非常友好善良, 完全没有电话中的那

种冷漠的感觉。friendliness 友好,符合语境。] 20.A.explanation C.concept B.attitude D.behavior

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答案 B

[考查语境中名词的辨析。这里表示 Rani 接待作者的友好态度。Rani 的善良友好

的态度并没有从电话线中传递过去。explanation 解释;attitude 态度;concept 概念; behavior 行为。] Cloze 3 (2015·新课标全国Ⅱ) 话题 足球赛的启发 词数 243 难度 ★★ 建议时间 15 分钟

Where do you go when you want to learn something?School?A friend?A tutor?These are all__1__places of learning.But it may well be that the learning you really want__2__ somewhere else instead.I had the__3__of seeing this first hand on a__4____. My daughter plays on a recreational soccer team.They did very well this season and so__5__a tournament,which normally was only for more skilled club teams.This led to some__6__experiences on Saturday as they played against teams__7__trained.Through the first two games,her__8__did not get on serious shot on goal.As a parent,I__9__seeing my daughter playing her best,__10__ still defeated. It seemed that something clicked with the__11__between Saturday and Sunday.When they __12__ for their Sunday game,they were __13__ different.They had begun to integrate (融合)the kinds of play and teamwork they had __14__ the day before into their __15__.They played aggressively and __16__ scored a goal. It __17__ me that playing against the other team was a great __18__ moment for all the girls on the team.I think it is a general principle.__19__ is the best teacher.The lessons they learned may not be__20__what they would have gotten in school,but are

certainly more personal and meaningful, because they had to work them out on their own. 【语篇导读】 这是一篇夹叙夹议文。作者女儿所在的球队因为这个赛季表现突出而入围锦标 赛。 虽然与强手角逐的前两场比赛中失利, 但是善于吸取教训的孩子们在周日的比赛中进球了。 通过这次经历,作者得出结论:学习的途径有许多,通过亲身实践得来的经验更加富有意义。 1.A.public C.official 答案 B B.traditional D.special

[考查语境中形容词的辨析。根据首句的意思及“School? A friend? A tutor?”,

再结合生活常识,不难看出,这些都是传统意义上的(traditional)学习途径。public 公共 的;official 官方的,正式的;special 特别的。均不符合题意。] 2.A.passes B.works C.lies D.ends

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答案 C

[考查语境中动词的辨析。既然你想要的学习方式不是传统的:在学校里跟朋友交

流或向导师求教,那么它很可能会存在于其它地方。lie (位于,存在于)符合语境。] 3.A.dream 答案 D B.idea C.habit D.chance

[考查语境中名词的辨析。联系下文可知,“我”有机会亲自观看了女儿的一场足

球赛并领悟到了这一点。dream 梦想;idea 主意;habit 习惯。均与句意不符。] 4.A.trip 答案 C B.holiday C.weekend D.square

[考查语境中名词的辨析。作者下面叙述的几场比赛都是发生在周六和周日的,因

此答案选 C。] 5.A.won 答案 B B.entered C.organized D.watched

[考查语境中动词的辨析。 这个赛季女儿所在的球队表现出色而有资格参加锦标赛。

win 赢;enter 进入;organize 组织;watch 观看。] 6.A.painful 答案 A B.strange C.common D.practical

[考查语境中形容词的辨析。由于参加锦标赛的多是技术更加娴熟的俱乐部球队,

他们的球员训练有素(well trained),技术过硬。女儿的球队艰难鏖战,还是没有一次真正 意义上的射门(did not get one serious shot on goal)。painful 困难的,艰难的;strange 奇怪的;common 普通的;practical 实用的。由句意可知 A 项为正确答案。] 7.A.less 答案 D 8.A.fans 答案 D B.poorly C.newly D.better

[考查语境中副词的辨析。见上一小题解析。] B.tutors C.class D.team

[考查语境中名词的辨析。联系上下文可知,女儿所在的球队在前两场比赛中未能

进球得分。故答案选 D。] 9. A.imagined C.avoided 答案 B B.hated D.missed

[考查语境中动词的辨析。作为父母,谁也不愿意看到竭尽全力踢球的孩子遭受失

败的结局。imagine 想像;hate 憎恨;avoid 避免;miss 错过。由语境可知 B 项最能表达此 意。] 10.A.if 答案 C B.or C.but D.as

[考查语境中连词的辨析。由空格前的 played her best 和 still defeated 的语

意逻辑,不难看出前后为转折关系。因此 C 项为正确答案。] 11.A.girls B.parents C.coaches D.viewers

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答案 A

[考查语境中名词的辨析。女儿所在的球队在接下来的比赛中有了很大的改变。由

此可以推断该句意思是:“周日比赛之前,这群女孩子似乎突然间明白了什么。”故 A 项正 确。] 12.A.dressed C.made up 答案 B B.showed up D.planned

[考查语境中短语动词的辨析。由语境可知,周六比赛失利,女孩子们又出现在周

日的赛场上。show up(出现,露面)与语境相吻合。] 13.A.slightly 答案 D B.hardly C.basically D.completely

[考查语境中副词的辨析。 根据下文所述, 女孩子们的表现与上一场比赛迥然不同。

slightly 稍微;hardly 几乎不;basically 基本上;completely 完全地。] 14.A.seen 答案 A B.known C.heard D.read

[考查语境中动词的辨析。 她们的表现之所以有很大改观是因为善于总结经验教训,

将周六比赛中看到的对方团队协作的技术运用到自己的比赛中。由语境可知 A 项正确。] 15.A.styles 答案 C 16.A.even 答案 A B.training C.game D.rules

[考查语境中名词的辨析。见上一小题解析。] B.still C.seldom D.again

[考查语境中副词的辨析。在强手面前,孩子们努力拼搏,志在必得,甚至还进了

一个球。even 甚至;still 仍然;seldom 很少;again 又,再。] 17.A.confused C.reminded 答案 B B.struck D.warned

[考查语境中动词的辨析。由作者接下来阐发的感想可知这是他从这场比赛中突然

想到的。It strikes sb that...意为“使某人突然想到??”。] 18. A.touching C.encouraging 答案 D B.thinking D.learning

[考查语境中动词的辨析。由前文对比赛的描述可知,对于球队的每个孩子来说,

这场比赛是一个学习的好机会。因此答案为 D。] 19. A.Experience C.Curiosity 答案 A B.Independence D.Interest

[考查语境中名词的辨析。通过这场比赛,孩子们学到了以前没有接触到的东西,

经历促使她们成长得更快, 经历是最好的老师。 experience 经历, 经验; independence 独立; curiosity 好奇心;interest 兴趣。其余三项均与短文主旨无关。] 20.A.harmful to B.mixed with
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C.different from 答案 C

D.applied to

[考查语境中形容词的辨析。由后面 but 一词的转折意义可以推断本句的意思:孩

子们通过比赛总结的经验或许与课堂上学到的经验不同,但从赛场上获取的经验肯定会更有 个性化,更加有意义。因为那是靠亲自实践得来的。因此,答案非 C 莫属。] 考点三 议论文 (2014·新课标全国Ⅰ) 话题 不能坚持的兴趣 词数 255 难度 ★★★ 建议时间 18 分钟

As a general rule,all forms of activity lead to boredom when they are performed on a routine(常规)basis.As a matter of fact,we can see this__1__at work in people of all__2__.For example,on Christmas morning,children are excited about__3__with their new toys.But their__4__ soon wears off and by January those __5__ toys can be found put away in the basement.The world is full of __6__ stamp albums and unfinished models, each standing as a monument to someone’s __7__ interest.When parents bring home a pet, their child __8__ bathes it and brushes its fur.Within a short time,however,the __9__ of caring for the animal is handed over to the parents.Adolescents enter high school with great __10__ but are soon looking forward to __11__.The same is true of the young adults going to college.And then,how many __12__,who now complain(抱怨)about the long drives to work,__13__ drove for hours at a time when they first__14__ their driver’ s licenses(执照)?Before people retire,they usually __15__ to do a lot of __16__ things,which they never had __17__ to do while working.But __18__ after retirement, the golfing,the fishing,the reading and all of the other pastimes become as boring as the jobs they __19__.And,like the child in January,they go searching for new __20__. 【语篇导读】 文章讲述了一旦我们的各种活动成为日常生活中必须做的事情时,无论哪个年 龄段的人都会感到无聊而半途而废了。 1.A.principle 答案 A B.habit C.way D.power

[上文中提到了 general rule。故 principle 与其意思相近,B.习惯;C.方式;D.

力量,权力。均不合题意。故选 A。] 2.A.parties 答案 D B.races C.countries D.ages

[根据后面提到了小孩和老人可知此处为不同年龄段的人。A.党派;B.种族;C.国

家。均不合题意。故选 D。] 3.A.working B.living C.playing D.going
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答案 C

[play with their new toys——玩新玩具, 而 A.“工作”; B.“生活”; C.“去”。

均不合题意。故选 C。] 4.A.confidence C.anxiety 答案 B B.interest D.sorrow

[孩子们对这些玩具的兴趣越来越少。A.“自信”;C.“着急”;D.“悲伤”。均

不合题意。故选 B。] 5.A.same 答案 A B.extra C.funny D.expensive

[到一月份可以发现那些一模一样的玩具放在了地下室里。B.额外的;C.有趣的;

D.昂贵的,均不合题意,故选 A。] 6.A.well-organized C.newly-collected 答案 D B.colorfully-printed D.half-filled

[这个世界充满了装了一半的集邮册和未完成的模型。A.组织有序的;B.彩印的;

C.新收集的。均不合题意。故选 D。] 7.A.broad 答案 B B.passing C.different D.main

[每一个都是某人曾经的兴趣的纪念碑。A.宽阔的;C.不同的;D.主要的。均不合

题意,故选 B。] 8.A.silently C.gladly 答案 C B.impatiently D.worriedly

[当父母带回家一只宠物,他们的孩子高兴地给它洗澡,给它刷毛。A.安静地;B.

不耐心地;D.着急地。均不合题意。故选 C。] 9.A.promise 答案 B B.burden C.right D.game

[一小段时间后,照顾动物的负担就交给父母了。A.承诺;C.权利;D.游戏。均不

合题意,故选 B。] 10.A.courage C.confusion 答案 D B.calmness D.excitement

[青少年刚入高中时很兴奋。A.勇气;B.镇静;C.困惑。均不合题意,故选 D。] B.independence D.success

11.A.graduation C.responsibility 答案 A

[但很快他们就盼着毕业。B.独立;C.责任;D.成功。均不合题意。故选 A。] B.students C.adults D.retirees

12.A.children 答案 C

[前面根据年龄提到小孩子,十多岁的青少年、青年人、接下来该说成年人了。A.

孩子;B.学生;D.退休者。均不合题意。故选 C。]
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13.A.carefully 答案 B

B.eagerly

C.nervously

D.bravely

[他们刚开始拿到驾照时多希望一次开上几个小时。A.仔细地;C.紧张地;D.勇敢

地。均不合题意,故选 B。] 14.A.required 答案 B 15.A.need 答案 D B.obtained C.noticed D.discovered

[参考 13 题。A.需要;C.注意;D.发现。均不合题意,故选 B。] B.learn C.start D.plan

[退休前人们经常计划着做很多伟大的事情。A.需要;B.学习;C.开始。均不合题

意,故选 D。] 16.A.great 答案 A 17.A.time 答案 A A。] 18.A.only 答案 D B.well C.even D.soon B.strange C.difficult D.correct

[参考 15 题。B.奇怪的;C.困难的;D.正确的。均不合题意,故选 A。] B.money C.skills D.knowledge

[这些事情在工作时都没有时间去做。B.钱;C.技能;D.知识。均不合题意,故选

[但是退休后不久,打高尔夫、钓鱼、读书和所有其他的消遣方式都变得无聊了。

A.只,仅;B.好地;C.甚至。均不合题意。故选 D。] 19.A.lost 答案 C B.chose C.left D.quit

[这些想做的事情就像他们离开的工作一样变得无趣了。A.丢失;B.选择;D.放弃。

均不合题意。故选 C。] 20.A.pets 答案 B B.toys C.friends D.colleagues

[就像那个一月的孩子一样, 他们又去寻找新的玩具了。 A.宠物; C.朋友; D.同事。 ]

考点四 说明文 (2012·新课标全国) 话题 肢体语言 词数 225 难度 ★★ 建议时间 16 分钟

Body language is the quiet,secret and most powerful language of all! It speaks__1__than words.According to specialists,our bodies send out more__2__than we realize.In fact,non-verbal(非言语) communication takes up about 50% of what we really__3__.And body language is particularly__4__when we attempt to communicate across cultures.What is called body language is so__5__a part of us that it’s actually often unnoticed.And misunderstandings occur as a result of it.__6__,different societies treat the__7__between people differently.Northern Europeans usually do not
27

like having__8__contact(接触) even with friends,and certainly not with__9__.People from Latin American countries,__10__,touch each other quite a lot.Therefore,it’ s possible that in__11__, it may look like a Latino is__12__a Norwegian all over the room.The Latino,trying to express friendship,will keep moving__13__.The Norwegian, very probably seeing this as pushiness, will keep__14__—which the Latino will in return regard as__15__. Clearly,a great deal is going on when people__16__.And only a part of it is in the words themselves.And when parties are from__17__cultures,there’s a strong possibility of__18__.But whatever the situation,the best__19__is to obey the Golden Rule: treat others as you would like to be__20__. 【语篇导读】 肢体语言被认为是安静的、秘密的、最有力的语言。不同的文化背景下的肢体 语言可能会有所不同,如果不了解其中的差别,可能会造成误解。 1.A.straighter 答案 B B.louder C.harder D.further

[考查形容词词义辨析。句意:肢体语言胜于言语。sth speaks louder than words

是常用结构,表示“??胜于言语”。故答案选 B。] 2.A.sounds 答案 D B.invitations C.feelings D.messages

[考查名词词义辨析。 句意: ??我们的身体所发出的信息比我们所意识到的要多。

message 表示“信息”,与文意相符。故答案选 D。] 3.A.hope 答案 D B.receive C.discover D.mean

[考查动词词义辨析。句意:事实上,非言语交流可以表达我们真正意图的 50%。

mean 表示“(声音、文字、信号等传递的)意义,意思” ,符合语境。故答案选 D。] 4.A.immediate 答案 C B.misleading C.important D.difficult

[考查形容词词义辨析。句意:当我们试图进行跨文化交流时,肢体语言特别重要。

important 表示“重要的”,与文意相符。故答案选 C。] 5.A.well 答案 C B.far C.much D.long

[考查形容词词义辨析。句意:所谓的肢体语言是我们在交流过程中非常重要的一

部分,以至于常常被忽视。由此可知,C 选项符合文意。故答案选 C。] 6.A.For example C.However 答案 A B.Thus D.In short

[考查词义辨析。根据下文中的“Northern Europeans...People from Latin

American countries”这两个例子可知,此处应选“For example”。故答案选 A。] 7.A.trade B.distance C.connections D.greetings
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答案 B

[考查名词词义辨析。根据下文“...contact even with friends...touch each

other...” 可知,此处的语境表示的是对待人与人之间的距离。A 项表示“贸易,交易,商 业”;B 项表示“距离,路程” ;C 项表示“关系,连接,联络”;D 项表示“问候,招呼”。 B 项符合语境。故答案选 B。] 8.A.eye 答案 C B.verbal C.bodily D.telephone

[考查词义辨析。根据上一句可知,上下句是在谈论人与人接触时应保持的距离,

因此下一句句意:北欧人通常不喜欢身体的接触,甚至是与朋友接触。在四个选项中,C 项 可作形容词,表示“身体的”,符合语境。故答案选 C。] 9.A.strangers 答案 A B.relatives C.neighbours D.enemies

[考查名词词义辨析。由副词 even 和 certainly 可推知,句意:北欧人当然也不喜

欢与陌生人进行身体接触。由此可知,A 项符合语境。故答案选 A。] 10.A.in other words C.in a similar way 答案 B B.on the other hand D.by all means

[考查介词短语辨析。 另一方面, 来自拉丁美洲国家的人们之间互相接触得非常多。

A 项表示“换句话说”;B 项表示“另一方面”;C 项表示“以类似的方式”;D 项表示“尽 一切办法,务必,无论如何”。在几个选项中,B 项与语境相符。故答案选 B。] 11.A.trouble C.silence 答案 B B.conversation D.experiment

[考查名词词义辨析。根据语境可知句意:因此,在谈话中会出现这样的情形,看

起来很像是一个拉丁美洲人在房间里到处追着一个挪威人。B 项表示“谈话”,符合语境。 故答案选 B。] 12.A.disturbing C.guiding 答案 D B.helping D.following

[考查动词词义辨析。disturb 表示“妨碍,打扰”;help 表示“帮助”;guide

表示“引导,带领”; follow 表示“跟随,追赶”。根据上文语境及“all over the room” 可知,D 项符合语境。故答案选 D。] 13.A.closer 答案 A B.faster C.in D.away

[考查词义辨析。 根据上文语境可知, 拉丁美洲人在交流过程中会有很多肢体接触,

所以拉丁美洲人为表示友好,会不断地靠近。A 项符合语境。故答案选 A。] 14.A.stepping forward C.backing away B.going on D.coming out

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答案 C

[考查动词短语辨析。根据语境可知,挪威人很可能认为这种行为咄咄逼人,会一

直后退。A 项表示“举步向前”;B 项表示“继续,发生”;C 项表示“后退,退却”;D 项 表示“出来,出版”。C 项符合语境。故答案选 C。] 15.A.weakness C.friendliness 答案 D B.carelessness D.coldness

[考查名词词义辨析。根据语境可知,拉丁美洲人会认为挪威人的做法很冷淡。D

项符合语境。故答案选 D。] 16.A.talk 答案 A B.travel C.laugh D.think

[考查动词词义辨析。句意:很明显,当人们谈话时,使用了大量的肢体语言。四

个选项均为动词,A 项的词义与语境相符。故答案选 A。] 17.A.different 答案 A B.European C.Latino D.rich

[考查形容词词义辨析。句意:当当事人来自不同的文化区域时,很有可能会发生

误解。different 表示“不同的”,符合语境。故答案选 A。] 18.A.curiosity C.misunderstanding 答案 C B.excitement D.nervousness

[考查名词词义辨析。A 项表示“好奇,好奇心”;B 项表示“兴奋,激动”;C 项

表示“误会,误解”;D 项表示“神经质,焦躁”。根据上文语境可知,不同的文化会产生 误解,C 项与语境相符。故答案选 C。] 19.A.chance 答案 D B.time C.result D.advice

[考查名词词义辨析。句意:最好的建议是遵守黄金法则。A 项表示“机会”;B

项表示“时间”;C 项表示“结果”;D 项表示“建议”。故答案选 D。] 20.A.noticed 答案 B B.treated C.respected D.pleased

[考查动词词义辨析。句意:你希望别人怎样对待你,你就应该怎样对待别人。B

项表示“对待”,与短文的语境相符。故答案选 B。] B 卷 地方卷 考点一 记叙文 Cloze 1 (2016·北京) 话题 紧急救援 词数 433 难度 ★★★ 建议时间 19 分钟

A Race Against Death It was a cold January in 1925 in Nome,Alaska.The town was cut off from the rest of the world due to heavy snow.
30

On the 20th of that month,Dr.Welch

__1__

a sick boy,Billy,and knew he had

diphtheria,a deadly infectious(传染的)disease mainly affecting children.The children of Nome would be __2__ if it struck the town.Dr.Welch needed medicine as soon as possible to stop other kids from getting sick.__3__,the closest supply was over 1, 000 miles away,in Anchorage. How could the medicine get to Nome? The town’s __4__ was already full of ice, so it couldn’t come by ship.Cars and horses couldn’t travel on the airplanes and big trucks didn’t exist yet. __6__ January 26,Billy and three other children had died.Twenty more were __7__.Nome’s town officials came up with a(n) __8__.They would have the medicine sent by __9__ from Anchorage to Nenana.From there, dogsled(狗拉雪橇)drivers—known __5__ roads.Jet

as “mushers”—would __10__ it to Nome in a relay(接力). The race began on January 27.The first musher,Shannon,picked up the medicine from the train at Nenana and rode all night.__11__ he handed the medicine to the next musher, Shannon’s face was black from the extreme cold. On January 31, a musher named Seppala had to Norton Sound.It was the most __12__ a frozen body of water called

__13__ part of the journey.Norton Sound was covered with

ice,which could sometimes break up without warning.If that happened,Seppala might fall into the icy water below.He would __14__,and so would the sick children of Nome.But Seppala made it across. A huge snowstorm hit on February 1.A musher named Kaasen had to brave this storm.At one point,huge piles of snow blocked his __15__.He had to leave the trail (雪橇痕 迹)to get around them.Conditions were so bad that it was impossible for him to __16__ the trail again.The only hope was Balto,Kaasen’s lead dog.Balto put his nose to the ground,__17__ to find the smell of other dogs that had traveled on the trail.If Balto failed,it would mean disaster for Nome.The minutes passed by.Suddenly,Balto began to __18__.He had found the trail. At 5:30 am on February 2,Kaasen and his dogs __19__ in Nome.Within minutes, Dr.Welch had the medicine.He quickly gave it to the sick children.All of them recovered. Nome had been __20__.

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【语篇导读】 这是一篇记叙文。 主要讲述了在 1925 年美国的阿拉斯加的诺姆镇爆发白喉传染 病。但是,由于大雪,诺姆镇与外界的交通中断了,为了拯救感染病毒的孩子们。诺姆镇政府, 通过狗拉雪橇的方式运送药品,并最终拯救了孩子们的生命。 1.A.examined 答案 A B.warned C.interviewed D.cured

[考查动词辨析。 根据后面的 and knew he had diphtheria...可知 Dr Welch 对 Billy

进行了检查。故选 A 项。] 2.A.harmless 答案 B B.helpless C.fearless D.careless

[考查形容词辨析。根据上一段的最后一句可知,小镇由于大雪与外界隔绝,运送

药物困难且出现了致命的传染性疾病,故可推出如果孩子们感染白喉,将是无助的,故选 B 项。] 3.A.Moreover 答案 D B.Therefore C.Otherwise D.However

[考查连词辨析。空格前面的句子提到 Dr Welch 需要尽快弄到药物,以防其他孩子

也感染白喉, 而空格后的句子则说明最近的药品供应地距离 Nome 也很遥远。 由此可以推出前 后两句之间是转折关系。故选 D 项。] 4.A.airport 答案 C B.station C.harbor D.border

[考查名词辨析。根据下文的 it couldn’t come by ship 可以推出应该是那个镇

的码头已经全是冰。故选 C 项。] 5.A.narrow 答案 B B.snowy C.busy D.dirty

[考查形容词辨析。根据第一段中的 The town was cut off from the rest of the

world due to heavy snow.可以推出路已经被冰雪覆盖,汽车和马再无法前进。故选 B 项。] 6.A.From 答案 C B.On C.By D.After

[考查介词辨析。句意:到了一月二十六号,Billy 和其他三个孩子已经死了。后

文句子 Bill and three other children had died 的时态为过去完成时,可得知此处应为 “到一月二十六号为止”,故用介词 by,by+时间,表示“到??为止”且与完成时连用, 选 C 项。] 7.A.tired 答案 D B.upset C.pale D.sick

[考查形容词辨析。根据 Bill and three other children had died 可知,Bill

和其他三个孩子已经死了,后面应该是“还有二十多个孩子生病了”,故选 D 项。] 8.A.plan 答案 A B.excuse C.message D.topic

[考查名词辨析。 句意: Nome 镇的官员提出了一个(送药的)计划。 从下文可以看出,

他们提出用狗拉雪橇的办法运送药物。故根据语境可知应选 A 项。] 9.A.air B.rail C.sea D.road
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答案 B

[考查名词辨析。根据 11 空格之前 The first musher,Shanno,picked up the

medicine from the train 可以推出药品应是先通过火车运输从 Anchorage 运送到 Nenana 的。 故选 B 项。] 10.A.carry 答案 A B.return C.mail D.give

[考查动词辨析。句意:从那里狗拉雪橇的驾驶员——叫作赶狗拉雪橇的人——将

用接力的方式把它带到 Nome。根据句意可知应选 A 项。] 11.A.Though 答案 C B.Since C.When D.If

[考查连词辨析。句意:当 Shannon 把药品递给下一个赶狗拉雪橇的人的时候,他

的脸因为极度寒冷已经变青了。根据句意可知应选 C 项。] 12.A.enter 答案 D B.move C.visit D.cross

[考查动词辨析。句意 :??必须穿过一个叫做 Norton Sound 的极其寒冷的水域。

由于是在运送药品,所以应是穿过这个地方。同时根据下文的 But Seppala made it across. 可以推出应选 D 项。] 13.A.shameful 答案 C B.boring C.dangerous D.foolish

[考查形容词辨析。根据下文的 Norton Sound was covered with ice,which could

sometimes break up without warning.可知推出这是旅途中最危险的部分。故选 C 项。] 14.A.escape 答案 D B.bleed C.swim D.die

[考查动词辨析。句意:如果那(冰破裂)发生的话,Seppala 可能会掉进下面冰冷

的水里。他可能会死,同时,Nome 生病的孩子也会死。根据语境可知应选 D 项。] 15.A.memory 答案 C B.exit C.way D.destination

[考查名词辨析。句意:在某一地方巨大的雪堆挡住了他的路。block one’s way

意为“挡住了某人的路”,故选 C 项。] 16.A.find 答案 A B.fix C.pass D.change

[考查动词辨析。根据上下文可知为了绕过大雪堆,Kaasen 离开了雪橇的痕迹,情

况是那么的坏以至于他找不到雪橇的痕迹。故选 A 项。] 17.A.pretending C.asking 答案 B B.trying D.learning

[考查动词辨析。句意:Balto 把它的鼻子放在地上,尽力找到其他曾经从雪撬痕

迹上经过的狗的味道。try to do sth 意为“尽力做某事”。] 18.A.run 答案 A B.leave C.bite D.play

[考查动词辨析。根据下文的 He had found the trail.可知狗 Balto 找到了雪橇

的痕迹,由此可以推出它又开始跑了。故选 A 项。]
33

19.A.gathered 答案 D

B.stayed

C.camped

D.arrived

[考查动词辨析。根据下文的 Within minutes,Dr.Welch had the medicine.可知

医生拿到了药品,证明 Kaasen 和他的狗顺利到达了 Nome。故选 D 项。arrive in sp 意为“到 达某地”。] 20.A.controlled C.founded 答案 B B.saved D.developed

[考查动词辨析。根据上一段可知,需要的药品已经顺利送到目的地,因此 Nome

镇生病的人获救了,同时根据 All of them recovered.他们都康复了,可以推出 Nome 镇获 救了。故选 B 项。] Cloze 2 (2015·北京) 话题 一份温暖的礼物 词数 430 难度 ★★★ 建议时间 18 分钟

A Welcome Gift Dario and his mother loved their new apartment.The living room was large enough for their piano.That night, the two of them __1__ side by side at the piano.They played jazz music to celebrate their new home.The loud __2__ filled the room and made them feel very happy. The next morning, __3__, their happiness disappeared.Someone had left a __4__under their door during the night.One of their neighbors had written to complain(抱怨) about the sound of the piano.Dario’s mother asked the building superintendent(管理员) if he knew anything about it.But he said that they were all __5__ people and he couldn’ t imagine any of them had done that.Later that morning, Dario suggested that they write a letter to their __6__ and apologize for their playing. “Maybe we could go and __7__ everyone in person,” his mother said. “What if we invited them to come here for a __8__ instead?” Dario asked. They both loved the __9__.Over the next few days, they sent out invitations and prepared desserts __10__ their guests.They decorated the apartment with streamers(彩 带) and pretty lights. Finally, the day of the party __11__.Some guests brought presents.Others brought flowers.Some even brought desserts to __12__.One woman, Mrs.Gilbert, __13__ Dario’ s mother with a book of piano music by Chopin.

34

“I heard you playing the other night,”she said,“The sounds woke me out of bed.I __14__ that you might play like this every night.So I wrote a short note.I hope you don’t think I disliked the playing.” Dario’s mother smiled at Mrs.Gilbert.“I think maybe we __15__ you an apology,” she said.“I didn’t __16__ how late it was when we were playing.Maybe we should play some quieter music at night.” “You play, you play!” Mrs.Gilbert said.“I like what you play! Just not so loud at night.” She pointed to the book she had given them.“These songs are not such __17__ music.” “These songs are beautiful music,” Dario’s mother said.“We will be __18__ to play them in the evening.” “And we won’t play so loud or late!” Dario said.He was already looking forward to __19__ the new music.More than that, however, he was happy to see the big smile on his mother’s face.It gave him a feeling of __20__ and made him feel that they were home at last. 【语篇导读】 本文主要介绍了 Dario 和他的妈妈搬到新家很高兴,并在深夜弹钢琴来庆祝, 结果却打扰了邻居,邻居留便条抱怨投诉,母子二人积极应对,决定举行派对来缓和邻里关系, 并得到邻居的谅解。 1.A.sat 答案 A 2.A.voice 答案 C B.stood C.lay D.walked

[语境理解题。此处是指他们两人肩并肩地坐在钢琴旁,故选 A。] B.ring C.music D.cry

[背景常识题。前一句提到弹奏爵士乐,故此处填 music,选 C。] B.however C.otherwise D.instead

3.A.therefore 答案 B

[逻辑推理题。 句意: 然而第二天早上他们的幸福消失了。 therefore 因此; however

然而;otherwise 否则;instead 相反地。故选 B。] 4.A.note 答案 A B.poster C.bill D.report

[背景常识题。句意:在那天夜里有人在他们的门下面留了一张便条。结合下文 So

I wrote a short note 可知选 A。] 5.A.proud 答案 D B.rich C.lucky D.nice

[逻辑推理题。由“管理员想象不出他们中谁会做那件事”可知,管理员认为他们

都是好人,故选 D。] 6.A.neighbors B.friends C.relatives D.audiences
35

答案 A

[逻辑推理题。上文提到他们弹钢琴打扰他们的邻居,故此处指他们应当给他们的

邻居写信来就此事道歉。故选 A。neighbour 邻居;relative 亲戚;audience 听众。] 7.A.blame 答案 D B.instruct C.question D.visit

[逻辑推理题。句意:或许我们可以亲自去拜访他们。blame 责备;instruct 指导;

question 质询;visit 访问,拜访。故选 D。] 8.A.party 答案 A B.concert C.show D.play

[语境理解题。 句意: 要是我们把他们请来举行派对怎么样?结合 11 小题前面 party

可知应选 A。] 9.A.experience C.performance 答案 B B.idea D.action

[逻辑推理题。句意:他们都喜欢这个主意。experience 经历;idea 主意;

performance 演出;action 行动。故选 B。] 10.A.to 答案 C B.with C.for D.from

[动词搭配。prepare sth for sb 意为“为某人准备某物”,故选 C。] B.arrived D.finished

11.A.continued C.passed 答案 B 12.A.order 答案 C

[动词词义辨析。这里指的是“终于举办派对的日子到了”,故选 B。] B.sell C.share D.advertise

[逻辑推理题。这里指派对,所以“有些人带来甜点是用来分享”。故选 C。] B.presented C.helped D.served

13.A.treated 答案 B

[动词词义辨析。 此处指的是一个名叫 Mrs.Gilbert 的妇女赠送给 Dario’ s mother

一本钢琴音乐书。treat 对待;present 赠送,呈现;help 帮助;serve 服务。故选 B。] 14.A.promised 答案 D 选 D。] 15.A.give 答案 D B.send C.offer D.owe B.admitted C.agreed D.worried

[逻辑推理题。句意:我担心你们每天晚上都像这样弹奏,因此我写了一张便条。

[动词搭配。owe sb an apology 意为“应向某人道歉”。选 D。] B.remember C.understand D.accept

16.A.realize 答案 A 17.A.sweet 答案 D 18.A.brave

[动词词义辨析。 此处是指“我没有意识到当我们弹奏时天是多么晚了”, 故选 A。 ] B.strange C.funny D.loud

[逻辑推理题。句意:这些歌曲不是那么吵的歌。选 D。] B.sorry C.happy D.afraid
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答案 C

[形容词辨析。这里是指“我们很乐意在晚上弹奏这些歌曲”。选 C。] B.practicing C.recording D.writing

19.A.changing 答案 B

[逻辑推理题。句意:他已经一直盼望着能练习新曲子。选 B。] B.freedom C.warmth D.sympathy

20.A.equality 答案 C

[名词词义辨析。这里指“他妈妈的微笑给了他温暖的感觉”。equality 平等;

freedom 自由;warmth 温暖;sympathy 同情。故选 C。] Cloze 3 (2015·湖北) 话题 诚实的回报 词数 291 难度 ★★ 建议时间 16 分钟

“Daily Star, sir.” called Jason, carrying some newspapers under his arm.The little boy had been running up and down the street,but there were still twenty __1__ left.His voice was almost gone and his heart was __2__.The shops would soon close,and all the people would go home.He would have to go home too,carrying the papers __3__ money.He had hoped to sell more papers tonight to make more money to buy a __4__ for his mother and some seeds for his bird.That was why he had bought the papers with all his money.He __5__ as he thought of his failure to sell all his papers. “You don’t know the __6__ of selling papers.You must shout.’Hot news! Bomb bursting! ’” another newsboy Chad told Jason.“__7__ it’s not in the paper at all,” replied Jason.“Just run away quickly__8__ they have time to see,and you’ll __9__ out and get your money,”Chad said. It was a new __10__ to Jason.He thought of his bird with no__11__ and the cake he wanted to buy for his mother,but was __12__ that he would not tell a lie.Though he was __13__ a poor newsboy,he had been __14__ some good things. The next afternoon Jason went to the office for his papers __15__.Several boys were crowding around Chad,who declared with a __16__ smile that he sold six dozen the day before.He added that Jason__17__ money because he would not tell a lie.The boy __18__ at Jason.“You wouldn’t tell a lie yesterday,my boy?” A gentleman at the office came up and patted Jason’s shoulder __19__.“You’re just the boy I am looking for.” A week later Jason started his new __20__.He lost the sale of twenty papers because he would not tell a lie,but got a well-paid job because he told the truth. 【语篇导读】 报童杰森不想撒谎,没有卖掉所有的报纸,无法给妈妈买蛋糕,给鸟儿买鸟食; 但得到老板的青睐,诚实得到丰厚的回报。
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1.A.shops 答案 D

B.coins

C.people

D.papers

[考查重词再现。本文最后一句中 He lost the sale of twenty papers 可知,剩

了 20 份报纸。] 2.A.open 答案 B B.heavy C.pure D.weak

[考查形容词词义辨析。 句意: 他几乎说不出话来, 心情沉重。 open 开放的; heavy(心

情)沉重;pure 纯洁的;weak 不牢固的,虚弱的。因卖不掉报纸,心情沉重,用 heavy。] 3.A.instead of C.regardless of 答案 A B.in return for D.in exchange for

[考查介词短语辨析。他也要回家了,带着报纸而不是钱。instead of 代替;而不

是??; in return for 作为??的报答;regardless of 不顾,不管;in exchange for 作为??的交换。根据句意,选 A。] 4.A.cup 答案 D B.card C.comb D.cake

[考查重词再现。第三段 He thought of his bird with no seeds and the cake he

wanted to buy for his mother 可知,答案选 D。] 5.A.gave in C.got away 答案 B B.broke down D.showed up

[考查动词短语辨析。give in 屈服;让步;break down 禁不住痛哭;身体、精神

受不了;get away 离开;逃脱;出发;show up 露面;露出;揭露。根据句意:“他一想到 没有卖掉所有的报纸,精神就要崩溃了。”可知选 B。] 6.A.difficulty C.goal 答案 D B.process D.secret [考查名词辨析。句意: 你不知道推销报纸的诀窍。difficulty 困难,难事; 困境;

process 过程;程序;步骤;goal 目的;目标;进球;得分;secret 秘密,秘诀。据此选 D。] 7.A.And 答案 B 8.A.before 答案 A B.But C.For D.So

[考查连词。两个分句表示语义转折,用 but。] B.since C.though D.unless

[考查从属连词。句意:在他们还没来得及看,就逃之夭夭。before 在??以前;

还没有来得及。] 9.A.call 答案 C B.drop C.sell D.reach

[考查动词词义辨析。sell out 卖光;call out 大声叫喊;召集;drop out 脱离;

退学;退出;reach out 伸出;根据句意:“你就会把报纸全部卖掉,赚到钱。”可知,选 C。]
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10.A.edition 答案 B

B.idea

C.policy

D.task

[考查名词词义辨析。句意:对于杰森而言,这是一个新主意。edition 版,版本,

版次;idea 主意,想法;概念,思想;计划,建议; policy 政策,方针;策略,手段;task 任务,工作。选 B。] 11.A.bread 答案 C B.insects C.seeds D.water

[考查重词再现。第一段...some seeds for his bird 可知,答案为 C。] B.amazed D.determined

12.A.concerned C.excited 答案 D

[考查形容词词义辨析。句意:??他下定决心不去撒谎。concerned 有关的;关

切的,担心的;amazed 吃惊的,惊奇的;excited 刺激的;对??感到兴奋的;determined 坚决的;有决心的。根据句意,选 D。] 13.A.still 答案 C B.already C.just D.also

[考查副词辨析。句意:尽管他只是一个贫穷的小报童,他学到了一些有益的东西。

still 还;更;仍; already 已,已经; just=only 只,仅仅;also 也。根据句意,选 C。] 14.A.taught 答案 A B.handed C.awarded D.allowed

[考查动词词义辨析。根据上题,他学到了一些有益的东西,换句话,(家庭)教了

他很多有益的东西。] 15.A.at once C.as usual 答案 C B.by chance D.on purpose

[考查短语辨析。句意:第二天下午,杰森像往常一样去办公室去拿报纸。at once

马上,立刻;by chance 偶然;意外地;as usual 像往常一样;照例;on purpose 有目的地, 故意地。根据句意,选 C。] 16.A.proud 答案 A B.gentle C.warm D.polite

[考查形容词词义辨析。proud 骄傲的,自豪的;gentle 温和的;文雅的;warm 暖

和的,温暖的,暖的;polite 有礼貌的。] 17.A.borrowed C.made 答案 B 赔钱。] 18.A.laughed 答案 A B.shouted C.nodded D.started B.lost D.saved [考查动词词义辨析。句意:他补充说杰森赔了钱是因为他不愿撒谎。lose money

[考查动词短语辨析。句意:这个男孩嘲笑杰森。laugh at 嘲笑;取笑; shout at

对??大喊;叱喝;nod at 向某人点头;stare at 凝视,盯住。根据句意,选 A。]
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19.A.bravely 答案 C

B.gratefully

C.fondly

D.modestly

[考查副词辨析。句意:在办公室的一位绅士走过来,怜爱地拍拍杰森的肩膀。

bravely 勇敢地,英勇地;gratefully 感激地,感谢地;fondly 快乐地;天真地;modestly 谨慎地;适当地。根据句意,选 C。] 20.A.duty 答案 C B.business C.job D.method

[考查名词词义辨析。句意:一周后杰森开始了他的新工作。duty 责任;本分;义

务;business 生意,业务,事情;job 工作,职业;method 方法,办法。] Cloze 4 (2015·四川) 话题 后院的欢乐 词数 318 难度 ★★ 建议时间 17 分钟

My previous home had a stand of woods behind it and many animals in the backyard.That first year,I__1__feeding peanuts to the blue jays,then the squirrels.The squirrels had no__2__coming up right to me for them.As the months went by,the rabbits saw that I was no __3__ and didn’t escape.When I threw carrot slices(薄片),they even came for a nibble(啃).Slowly they came to__4__me,and by the end of the year they were eating out of my hand. That second year,the rabbits__5__me,and one would even sit up for slices!While I was feeding them,I__6__that a groundhog who used to run away was now taking an__7__interest in this food situation.I carefully extended a long__8__,with a keen eye on those teeth,and __9__,there were times I would have the groundhog sitting next to a rabbit,both munching(津津有味地咀嚼)on carrots.A few months later,while __10__, she would even turn her back to me.__11__when she was facing away,I reached out and __12__scratched(搔)her back with my finger.She didn’t move. By year three,the rabbits and the groundhog were back.The groundhog __13__ didn’ t have a problem with me scratching her back,and I got an idea.I’d always__14__, while slicing up carrots,that the end looked like a cap.__15__ one day,just to see what she would do,I gently __16__ one on top of the groundhog’s head.Again,not a __17__.The next time,I had my camera ready to record what you see here,one of several dozen such pictures.__18__she had a slice to eat,she never __19__ the one on her head.It was a fair __20__—I got a pleasure,and she had yet another tasty treat. 【语篇导读】 本文主要讲述的是作者从前的家中有个后院,院子里有许多小动物,作者通过 喂养小动物,而逐渐使得这些小动物放弃警惕,最终作者拍下了许多可爱的照片。
40

1.A.avoided C.canceled 答案 B

B.started D.suggested

[考查动词以及对语境的理解。avoid 避免;start 开始;cancel 取消;suggest

建议。根据语意,第一年开始用花生喂冠蓝鸦,然后(喂)松鼠。是个循序渐进的过程,故选 择 B。] 2.A.business C.problem 答案 C B.fun D.privilege

[考查名词以及对语境的理解。 business 生意; fun 乐趣; problem 问题; privilege

特权。考查短语 have no problem doing sth 意为“做某事没问题”。根据意思选择 C。] 3.A.help 答案 C B.cheat C.threat D.exception

[考查名词以及对语境的理解。help 帮助;cheat 欺骗;threat 威胁;exception

例外。根据下文的 didn’t escape 可知,兔子不怕我,故选择 C,意为兔子看到我并没有威 胁。] 4.A.trust 答案 A B.miss C.admire D.appreciate

[考查动词以及对语境的理解。 trust 信任;miss 错过,思念;admire 钦佩;

appreciate 感激,欣赏。根据下文的 by the end of the year they were eating out of my hand.可知,小兔越来越信任我。故选择 A。] 5.A.feared C.discovered 答案 D B.ignored D.remembered

[考查动词以及对语境的理解。 fear 害怕; ignore 忽视; discover 发现; remember

记住。根据下文的 one would even sit up for slices 可知小兔们越来越不害怕我,也就是 说他们开始记得我。] 6.A.proved C.noticed 答案 C B.decided D.understood

[考查动词以及对语境的理解。 prove 证明; decide 决定; notice 注意; understand

理解。根据下文的 a groundhog who used to run away was now taking an __7____ interest in this food situation.可知选择 C, 意为注意到这么一个情况。] 7.A.extreme C.additional 答案 B B.increasing D.inspiring

[考查形容词以及对语境的理解。extreme 极端的; increasing 不断增长的;

additional 额外的; inspiring 鼓舞人心的。根据下文的土拨鼠逐渐不怕作者可知,土拨 鼠开始对食物越来越感兴趣。]
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8.A.squirrel C.peanut 答案 D

B.rabbit D.carrot

[考查名词以及对语境的理解。 squirrel 松鼠; rabbit 兔子;peanut 花生;

carrot 胡萝卜。根据下文的 both munching(津津有味的咀嚼) on carrots 可知选择 D。] 9.A.before long C.over and over 答案 A B.long ago D.all over again

[考查连词以及对语境的理解。 before long 不久之后;long ago 很久之前;over

and over 一次又一次;all over again 再一次。根据下文可知,不久之后土拨鼠不怕作者 了。] 10.A.eating C.sitting 答案 A B.playing D.sleeping

[考查动词以及对语境的理解。eat 吃; play 玩;sit 坐;sleep 睡觉。根据上

文可知土拨鼠在津津有味地吃胡萝卜,故选择 A。] 11.A.Next 答案 B B.Once C.Soon D.Lately

[考查副词以及对语境的理解。next 下一次;once 曾经、 一次; soon 很快; lately

最近、近来。根据句意选 B。] 12.A.carefully C.violently 答案 A B.suddenly D.patiently

[考查副词以及对语境的理解。carefully 仔细地、小心地;suddenly 突然;

violently 暴力地; patiently 有耐心地。 指作者小心翼翼地伸出手去搔她的背, 故选择 A。 ] 13.A.also 答案 D B.thus C.just D.still

[考查副词以及对语境的理解。also 也;thus 因此;just 正好、恰恰;still 仍

然。到了第三年动物仍然不怕他,故选择 D。] 14.A.thought C.admitted 答案 A B.doubted D.recognised

[考查动词以及对语境的理解。 think 认为; doubt 怀疑; admit 承认; recognize

认识。根据下文的 that the end looked like a cap 可知,这是作者的想法,故选择 A。] 15.A.While 答案 C B.Or C.So D.For

[考查连词以及对语境的理解。while 当??时; or 否则;so 因此; for 因为。

根据上文可知,作者认为胡萝卜根部像帽子,然后有一天他就把它当帽子用了,故选择 C。] 16.A.fixed B.placed C.hung D.kept

42

答案 B

[考查动词以及对语境的理解。fix 安装;place 放置;hang 悬挂;keep 维持。

因为作者把胡萝卜根部当帽子戴在土拨鼠的头上,故选择 B。] 17.A.tremble 答案 B B.move C.delay D.hesitation

[考查动词以及对语境的理解。tremble 颤抖;move 动;delay 推延;hesitation

犹豫。土拨鼠没有动,故选择 B。] 18.A.Even if C.As far as 答案 D B.Ever since D.So long as

[考查连词以及对语境的理解。 even if 即使; ever since 自从; as far as 就??

而言;so long as 只要。只要有胡萝卜片吃。] 19.A.welcomed C.bothered 答案 C B.required D.expected

[考查动词以及对语境的理解。welcome 欢迎; require 要求; bother 烦恼;

expect 期待。根据上文可知,只要她有吃的,她就不会烦恼头上这片了,故选择 C。] 20.A.trade C.task 答案 A B.competition D.affair [考查名词以及对语境的理解。 trade 交易; competition 竞争;task 任务; affair

事务。这是一个公平的交易。] Cloze 5 (2015·天津) 话题 买房经历 词数 344 难度 ★★★ 建议时间 18 分钟

My fiance(未婚夫) and I were excited about shopping for our first home.But our funds were __1__, and none of the houses in our price range seemed satisfactory. One agent __2__ a house in particular.Although her description sounded wonderful, the price was __3__ our range, so we declined.But she kept urging us to have a look __4__. We finally did and it was __5__ at first sight.It was Our Home, small and charming, overlooking a quiet lake.Walking through the rooms and talking with the owners, a nice elderly couple, we felt the warmth and __6__ of the marriage within that home.As perfect as it was, the price remained too high for us.But every day, we would sit by the lake, looking at the house and dreaming of __7__it would be like to live there.

43

Days later, we made a(n) __8__ —far below the asking price.Surprisingly, they didn’ t __9__ us.They renewed their offer __10__.It was also much more than we could afford, but far __11__ than the original asking price. The next day, we got a __12__ message that another buyer had offered a much higher price.Even so, we decided to talk with the __13__ directly.We made our final offer, which __14__ was thousands of dollars less than the other buyer’s bid.We knew it, __15__ we had to try. “Sold!” said the owner.Then he __16__: He’d seen us sitting by the lake all those times; he knew how much we loved the place and that we’d __17__ the years of work they had put into their home; he realized he would take a __18__ by selling it to us, but it was worthwhile; we were the people they wanted to live there.He told us to consider the __19__ in the price “an early wedding present.” That’s how we found our home and how I learned that when people are __20__, they are not strangers, only friends we haven’t yet met. 【语篇导读】 本文是一篇记叙文, 主要讲述的是作者购买房子时与房东之间发生的感人故事。 1.A.needed C.enough 答案 B B.limited D.large

[考查形容词辨析。根据前面的 But 和后面的 none of the houses in our price

range seemed satisfactory 可知,我们的钱很有限,在我们价格范围内的房子都令人不满 意。limited 有限的,不多的,符合语境。] 2.A.recommended C.sold 答案 A B.decorated D.rented [考查动词辨析。一个代理商特别为我们推荐了一个房子。recommend 推荐,介绍,

符合语境。] 3.A.below C.beyond 答案 C B.within D.between

[考查介词辨析。根据后面的 so we declined 可知,这所房子的价格超出了我们的

承受范围。beyond (表示范围)超出,非??所能及。] 4.A.at least C.at times 答案 A B.at most D.at hand

[考查介词短语辨析。但她力劝我们至少去看一看。at least 至少,符合语境。at

most 最多;at times 有时;at hand 在手边,在附近,即将来临。]
44

5.A.relief 答案 C

B.concern

C.love

D.curiosity

[考查名词辨析。根据后面的 It was Our Home, small and charming 可知,我们

对这所房子一见钟情。] 6.A.pride 答案 B B.happiness C.challenge D.desire

[考查名词辨析。根据前面的 warmth 和后面的 of the marriage 可知,在这所房子

里我们感受到了婚姻的温暖和幸福。] 7.A.which 答案 D 8.A.effort 答案 B B.why C.that D.what

[考查连接词辨析。梦想着生活在那里是什么样子。作 be like 的宾语要用 what。] B.offer C.promise D.profit

[考查名词辨析。几天后,我们出价远远低于要价。make an offer 还价,出价。] B.look after D.laugh at

9.A.come across C.depend on 答案 D

[考查动词短语辨析。根据 Surprisingly 可知,我们出价太低,但他们没有嘲笑我

们,这令我们感到很惊讶。] 10.A.instead 答案 A 11.A.worse 答案 C 了。] 12.A.relaxing C.pleasant 答案 B B.disappointing D.regular B.indeed C.aside D.apart

[考查副词辨析。他们没有嘲笑我们,而是修改了价格。instead 代替,而是。] B.better C.less D.higher

[考查形容词辨析。这一价格仍然远远超出我们的承受能力,但比原来的要价低多

[考查形容词辨析。根据后面的 another buyer had offered a much higher price

可知,这是一个令人失望的消息。] 13.A.agents 答案 D B.buyers C.managers D.owners

[考查名词辨析。谈价格当然要找房子的主人。] B.still C.generally D.ever

14.A.already 答案 B 15.A.so 答案 D 系。] 16.A.apologized C.criticized

[考查副词辨析。我们最终的出价仍然比其他购买者的出价低好几千美元。] B.or C.for D.but

[考查连词辨析。我们明白这一点,但我们必须尽力争取一下。前后之间为转折关

B.complained D.explained
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答案 D 17.A.check 答案 C

[考查动词辨析。根据后面的内容可知,他卖给了我们,然后解释其中的原因。] B.analyze C.appreciate D.ignore

[考查动词辨析。他知道我们很喜爱这所房子,我们将会赏识他们为这所房子所付

出的劳动。appreciate 欣赏,赏识,重视,符合语境。check 检查,核对;analyze 分析; ignore 不理,忽视。] 18.A.loss 答案 A B.risk C.chance D.lead

[考查名词辨析。卖给我们他会遭受金钱上的损失,但这是值得的。] B.difference C.interest D.average

19.A.increase 答案 B 20.A.kind 答案 A 朋友。] Cloze 6 (2015·陕西)

[考查名词辨析。他告诉我们考虑一下价格方面的差别。] B.polite C.smart D.energetic

[考查形容词辨析。当人们友好的时候,他们不是陌生人,只是我们还没有认识的

话题 绿梳子

词数 311

难度 ★★

建议时间 16 分钟

Dad had a green comb.He bought it when he married Mum.Every night,he would hand me his__1__and say,“Good girl,help Daddy clean it,OK?” I was __2__to do it.At age five,this dull task brought me such __3__.I would excitedly turn the tap__4__and brush the comb carefully.Satisfied that I’d done a good job,I would happily return the comb to Dad.He would __5__affectionately at me and place the comb on his wallet. Two years later,Dad started his own__6__,which wasn’t doing so well.That was when things started to __7__.Dad didn’t come home as early and as much as he used to.Mum and I became __8__with him for placing our family in trouble.With __9__,an uncomfortable silence grew between us. After my graduation,Dad’s business was getting back on track.On my 28th birthday, Dad came home __10__.As usual,I helped him carry his bags into his study.When I turned to leave,he said,“Hey,would you help me __11__my comb?”I looked at him a while, then __12__the comb and headed to the sink. It hit me then:why,as a child,__13__Dad clean his comb was such a pleasure.That routine(习惯) meant Dad was home early to __14__the evening with Mum and me.It __15__a happy and loving family.
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I passed the clean comb back to Dad.He smiled at me and __16__placed his comb on his wallet.But this time,I noticed something __17__.Dad had aged.He had wrinkles next to his eyes when he smiled,__18__his smile was still as __19__as before,the smile of a father who just wanted a good__20__for his family. 【语篇导读】 父亲的绿色梳子曾给我的孩提时代带来了许多的快乐,然而,父亲开始做生意 之后,这一切都悄悄地发生着变化,父亲不再早归,我也不再帮助他清洗梳子。直到我 28 岁生 日的那一天,我才知道,无论如何变化,不变的是父亲的微笑,父亲希望带给我们幸福生活的 心。 1.A.bag 答案 C B.wallet C.comb D.brush

[考查名词辨析。本文首句说父亲有一把绿色的梳子,所以每天晚上,父亲会把他

的梳子递给我让我去清洗。] 2.A.annoyed 答案 D 3.A.joy 答案 A B.relieved C.ashamed D.pleased

[考查形容词辨析。根据后文的 excitedly 可以看出,作者很乐意帮父亲洗梳子。] B.sadness C.courage D.pain

[考查名词辨析。父亲让我洗梳子这件事给五岁的我带来了很多快乐。虽然单调,

但是我很乐意这样做,从后文的 excitedly 可以看出。] 4.A.out 答案 D 5.A.stare 答案 B B.over C.in D.on

[考查固定搭配。我打开水龙头。turn on 打开。] B.smile C.shout D.laugh

[考查名词辨析。我洗完梳子,会很开心地交还给父亲,而父亲会亲切地朝我微笑,

并把梳子放入他的钱包。] 6.A.family 答案 B B.business C.task D.journey

[考查名词辨析。两年后,父亲决定开始自己创业,但是进展的并不是很好。start

his own business 开始创业。] 7.A.progress 答案 B B.change C.improve D.form

[考查名词辨析。就在父亲开始创业的时候,事情开始发生了变化。父亲不再像往

常一样回家早了。] 8.A.satisfied 答案 C B.delighted C.mad D.strict

[考查形容词辨析。因为父亲创业的形势不是很好,我和母亲因为他把我们的家庭

陷入了困境中,所以变得快发疯了,此处表示我和母亲很生气。不可能是满意的,高兴的或 者是严格的。] 9.A.time B.patience C.speed D.ease
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答案 A

[考查名词辨析。随着时间的流逝,我们之间有了一种令人不舒适的寂静,这儿指

我和父亲不大交流了。] 10.A.occasionally C.frequently 答案 B B.early D.rarely

[考查副词辨析。我毕业后,父亲的生意开始回到了正轨,在我 28 岁生日那天,父

亲早早地回到了家。] 11.A.sharpen 答案 C B.repair C.clean D.keep

[考查形容词辨析。我帮父亲把包拿到了书房,正要离开,父亲问我: “你愿意帮我

清洗我的梳子吗?”这是数年前的问法,当然是 clean。] 12.A.dropped 答案 B 取。] 13.A.watching 答案 C B.letting C.helping D.hearing B.took C.handed D.threw

[考查动词辨析。看了父亲一会儿,我然后把梳子拿过来,去了洗涤槽。take 拿;

[考查动词辨析。我突然想起:为什么在我是个小孩子的时候,帮父亲洗梳子是一

件快乐的事情呢?] 14.A.find 答案 D 度过。] 15.A.affected C.meant 答案 C B.broke D.supported [考查动词辨析。照应上一句的 meant,那意味着我们是一个快乐有爱的家庭。] B.hurriedly C.casually D.carefully B.lose C.waste D.spend

[考查动词辨析。那个习惯意味着父亲回家很早,与我和母亲一起度过晚上。spend

16.A.firmly 答案 D

[考查副词辨析。我洗完梳子,还给父亲,父亲朝我微笑着,并小心翼翼地把它放

进钱包里。firmly 坚定地;hurriedly 匆忙地;casually 随意地。] 17.A.different 答案 A B.exciting C.interesting D.urgent

[考查形容词辨析。但是这一次,我注意到一些不同的事情:父亲变老了,当他微

笑时,他的眼角出现了皱纹。] 18.A.for 答案 D B.or C.so D.yet

[考查连词辨析。然而,他的微笑却和以前一样温暖人心。] B.heartwarming D.innocent

19.A.convincing C.cautious

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答案 B

[考查形容词辨析。解析如上。heartwarming 暖人心的;convincing 令人信服的;

cautious 小心的;innocent 无辜的;清白的。] 20.A.origin 答案 B 笑。] Cloze 7 (2014·安徽) 话题 温暖的假期 词数 295 难度 ★★ 建议时间 16 分钟 B.life C.reputation D.education

[考查名词辨析。父亲的微笑仍然是一个想让自己的家人过上快乐生活的父亲的微

In 2012,I had just recovered from a serious illness when I received an invitation to a writer’s conference in Orlando,Florida.My family persuaded me that a(n) __1__ might be just what the doctor ordered,so off I __2__. Arriving in the Sunshine State was rather tiring,but I to my __4__ and settle in.Next morning,I took another __3__ __5__ to catch a taxi to the shopping

centre to buy a few souvenirs.__6__ were

I went to a café to have lunch,but all the tables __8__ my table.”

__7__.Then I heard a friendly voice saying,“You can __9__

I gratefully sat down with the the __10__

lady and we had a happy lunch together.As

drew to a close she asked how long I would be in Orlando.I had already __11__ a car, and hadn’ t realised how __12__ taking

told her that I hadn’ t

taxis would be.After a while she said,“My dear,don’t use any more taxis.I’m retired and it would be my pleasure to couldn’t put her to that me where I was __16__ me to __15__ __13__ you wherever you wish.”I told her that I

__14__,but she brushed aside my protests (反对).She asked and next morning she was waiting at my apartment at the

time to take me to Disney World.She spent some time with me before leaving __17__ alone.At the end of the day,she __19__ __18__ to take me back to my

accommodation.I

her money but she refused to take any. __20__,filled my brief

I’ll never forget that wonderful lady who,through her holiday in Florida with wonderful memories.

【语篇导读】 这是一篇记叙文。我大病初愈后到奥兰多度假,在一个咖啡馆吃午饭时与一位 女士共用一张桌子,并进行了愉快的交谈。这位女士非常热心;第二天亲自开车陪我在迪斯尼 乐园玩了一天,让我对假期充满了美好的回忆。 1.A.holiday C.operation B.ceremony D.experiment
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答案 A

[考查上下文语境。根据文章最后一段“...filled my brief holiday”可知这个

假期(holiday)可能是医生预约的,故选 A。] 2.A.kept 答案 B B.went C.dropped D.knocked

[考查固定搭配。keep off 远离;go off 离开;进行;drop off 减少,让??

下车;knock off 击倒;中断;根据文章 so off I went 是倒装句,意为:所以我就去(度假) 了。] 3.A.intended 答案 C B.promised C.managed D.deserved

[考查词组搭配。 尽管我到达那里时很疲惫, 但是我还是坐上出租车到了我的住所。

manage to do sth(成功地)做成了某事。intend to do sth 打算去做某事;promise to do sth 许诺去做某事;deserve to do 值得去做;根据句意应选 C。] 4.A.hospital C.university 答案 D B.company D.accommodation

[考查上下文联系。根据__18__之后的 accommodation(住所)可知,我坐出租车到

达了住所,应选 D。] 5.A.colleague C.suitcase 答案 D B.passenger D.taxi

[考查上下文联系。根据__3__后的 catch a taxi(搭乘出租车)可知,第二天我乘

了另外一辆出租车。take a taxi 乘出租车。故选 D。] 6.A.Instead 答案 C 选 C。] 7.A.classified 答案 B B.occupied C.decorated D.painted B.First C.Later D.Once

[考查语境。我先去购物中心买了一些纪念品,之后(later)才去咖啡馆吃午餐,应

[考查形容词辨析。classified 分类的;occupied 满的;decorated 装饰好的;

painted 粉刷好的。此处指每张桌子都满了,故选 B。] 8.A.share 答案 A B.reserve C.set D.possess

[考查动词辨析。share 分享;reserve 保存,预留;possess 拥有;根据文章,

你可以和我共用(分享)一张桌子,故选 A。] 9.A.old 答案 A B.poor C.innocent D.stubborn

[考查上下文联系。根据__13__之前“I’m retired and...”可知,这位女士已经

退休了,所以是 the old lady,应选 A。] 10.A.journey B.meal C.speech D.interview

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答案 B 应选 B。]

[考查语境。根据上文可知,我来咖啡馆吃午饭,所以是“随着午餐接近尾声”,

11.A.donated 答案 C

B.repaired

C.hired

D.guided

[考查动词辨析。hire a car 租车。根据上下文可知作者来度假并没有开车,所以

只能租车(hire)。应选 C。] 12.A.convenient C.unfortunate 答案 D B.worthwhile D.expensive

[考查形容词辨析。convenient 方便的;worthwhile 值得的;unfortunate 不幸

的;expensive 昂贵的。根据文章乘出租车的花费应该是昂贵的。故选 D。] 13.A.inspire 答案 D B.entertain C.call D.drive

[考查动词辨析。inspire 激励;entertain 娱乐,款待;drive 驾驶,行驶。根据

下文可知,这位女士开车带我去了迪斯尼乐园,应选 D。] 14.A.business C.trouble 答案 C B.argument D.challenge

[考查固定搭配。put sb to trouble 给某人添麻烦。] B.staying C.moving D.shopping

15.A.working 答案 B 选 B。] 16.A.appointed C.favourite 答案 A

[考查语境。因为这位女士要开车带我去迪斯尼乐园,所以她要知道我的住处。应

B.limited D.regular

[考查形容词辨析。 the appointed time 预约好的时间; limited 有限的; favourite

喜欢的;regular 定期的。根据上下文应选 A。] 17.A.digest 答案 B B.explore C.perform D.calculate

[考查动词辨析。digest 消化,领悟;explore 探索;研究;perform 表演,履行;

calculate 计算。根据语境,她陪我玩了一会才让我一个人去探险,故选 B。] 18.A.forgot 答案 C B.refused C.returned D.preferred

[考查固定搭配。forget to do sth 忘记去做某事;refuse to do sth 拒绝去做某

事;return to do sth 回来去做某事;prefer to do sth 喜欢去做某事。根据上下文,这位 女士在傍晚时回来接我,故选 C。] 19.A.sent 答案 C B.lent C.offered D.owed

[考查动词辨析。 offer sb money 给某人钱。 owe sb money 欠某人钱; lend sb money

借给某人钱,根据文章,我给这位女士钱,但她不收。应选 C。]
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20.A.confidence C.curiosity 答案 D

B.dignity D.kindness

[考查名词辨析。confidence 信心;dignity 尊严;curiosity 好奇心;kindness

善良。根据文章可知,我将不会忘记这位女士,她用她的善良使我的短暂假期充满美好的回 忆,故选 D。] Cloze 8 (2014·北京) 话题 Suzy 的融入 词数 435 难度 ★★★ 建议时间 18 分钟

The Fitting-in of Suzy Khan The first time I saw Suzy Khan,I knew I had to help her.She was really small for her age of 12.The boys in my class often __1__ about her and laughed their heads

off.She would open a book,pretending to read,with tears dropping on the open page. All I knew was that she was an orphan (孤儿) from Africa.She had just been adopted by a family in town who __2__ that the best way for her to learn American ways __3__ girl and promised

of life was to be with American kids.I looked down at this myself that somehow I would help her. But how could I help her __4__

in with us?There had to be a __6__

__5__. her __7__

One day,when I went into the classroom,I saw that Suzy had

geography book to a picture of a train,and in her notebook,she had made a(n) copy. I was surprised and thought that she could do something in the coming

__8__

show.So,I took her to see the art teacher,Miss Parker,and showed her what Suzy had __9__.“Why,it’s wonderful,”said Miss Parker,who then showed us a poster she had painted enough __10__ the talent show.“I need more of these,but I just don’t have

__11__.Could you help me,Suzy?” __12__ were everywhere—all over

On the day of the talent show,Suzy’s

the hall and all over the school,each one different. “And finally,”said Mr.Brown,the schoolmaster,at the end of the show,“we have a(n) __13__ award.I’m sure you’ve all noticed the wonderful posters.”Everyone nodded.“One of our own students __14__ them.” __15__

I could hear everyone whispering.“Who in our school could draw well?”

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Mr.Brown waited a while before saying,“ __16__ on the posters,she deserves a student—Suzy Khan!”

this student worked so hard

__17__,too.Our mystery(神秘) artist is our new

Mr.Brown thanked her for all the wonderful posters and gave her a professional artist’s set.“Thank you,”she cried. I never __18__,at that time when I was looking at her excited face,she’d probably __19__ anything in her whole life. __20__ their hands.Suzy Khan gave them a shy smile and

Everyone started to

the applause was deafening.I knew then Suzy was going to be all right. 【语篇导读】 本文是一篇记叙文。讲述了一位新生 Suzy Khan 刚开始入学时不适应,被班里 的同学嘲笑,后来在老师的帮助下,通过自己独立给学校的达人秀画海报而受到校长、老师和 同学们称赞的故事。 1.A.joked 答案 A B.cared C.forgot D.worried

[考查动词辨析。大家都嘲笑她 laughed their heads off,可知其他同学对她并

不友好,班里的男孩子应该是常开她的玩笑,因此选 A,开??玩笑。care 意为“关心”; forget 意为“忘记”;worry 意为“担心”。] 2.A.reported C.complained 答案 B B.decided D.questioned

[考查动词辨析。Suzy 被镇上的一个家庭收养,她的养父母应是“决定”:对于

Suzy 来说, 学会美国生活方式的最好的方法就是和美国孩子待在一起。 report 意为“报告”; complain 意为“抱怨”;question 意为“质问,疑问”。] 3.A.rich 答案 C B.proud C.tiny D.popular

[考查形容词辨析, 上下文信息题目。 由第一行“She was really small for her age

of 12”中的 small 可以看出 Suzy 的相貌不符合她 12 岁的年龄,太显小了。small 一词给此 处提供了答案信息,因此选择 C.tiny 小的。rich 意为“富有的”;proud 意为“骄傲的,自 豪的”;popular 意为“受欢迎的”。] 4.A.come 答案 C B.fall C.fit D.tie

[考查动词辨析。 结合句意以及标题可以看出现在作者在思考如何帮助 Suzy 适应新

生活,fit in with sb 和某人相处融洽;适应,因此选 C 项。come 意为“来到”;fall 意 为“掉落”;tie 意为“系”。] 5.A.manner B.pattern C.choice D.way

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答案 D

[考查名词辨析。结合句意:我怎么样才能帮助她适应呢?总会有一个方法的。因

此 D 项 way 正确。 manner 意为“礼仪; 方式”; pattern 意为“图案”; choice 意为“选择”。 ] 6.A.read 答案 C B.taken C.opened D.put

[考查动词辨析。由空后 to a picture of a train 可以看出此处应该是 Suzy 打开

课本,翻到书上的一幅火车图片并在练习本上临摹这幅画,因此选择 C 选项。read 意为“阅 读”;take 意为“带走”;put 意为“放”。] 7.A.free 答案 B B.perfect C.final D.extra

[考查形容词辨析。由空后作者惊讶的态度 I was surprised...来看,Suzy 所画的

东西应该是很逼真, 结合句意, 因此选 B 项。free 意为“自由的, 免费的”; final 意为“最 后的”;extra 意为“额外的”。] 8.A.art 答案 D B.talk C.quiz D.talent

[考查上下文信息。 由__10__后面的 the talent show, 看出 D 项正确。 art 意为“艺

术”;talk 意为“谈话” ;quiz 意为“测验”。] 9.A.colored 答案 D B.written C.carved D.drawn

[考查动词辨析。 作者给 Miss Parker 看的应该是 Suzy 所画的东西, 因此选 D。 color

意为“上色,涂色”;write 意为“写”;carve 意为“雕刻”。] 10.A.at 答案 C B.after C.for D.around

[考查介词辨析。结合句意,Miss Parker 此时展示的是她为这次达人秀所画的海

报,for the talent show。at 意为“在??”;after 意为“在??之后”;around 意为 “在??周围”。] 11.A.room 答案 B B.time C.paper D.interest

[考查名词辨析。从空后来看,Miss Parker 此时向 Suzy 求助帮忙画海报,此空应

是没有足够“时间”画才向 Suzy 求助,因此选 B 项。room 意为“房间,空间”;paper 意为 “纸”;interest 意为“兴趣”。] 12.A.gifts 答案 D B.books C.photos D.posters

[考查上下文信息。根据下文信息,__13__后面的 I’m sure you’ve all noticed

the wonderful posters, 应是 Suzy 所画的海报能够在各处看到, 因此选 D 项。 gift 意为“礼 物”;book 意为“书”;photo 意为“照片”。] 13.A.special 答案 A B.academic C.national D.royal

[考查形容词辨析。结合句意,此时校长 Mr.Brown 应是想要给 Suzy 嘉奖,而这个

奖应是一个“特殊的”荣誉,因此选 A 项。academic 意为“学院的,学术的”;national 意为“国家的”;royal 意为“皇家的”。]
54

14.A.painted 答案 A

B.found

C.printed

D.collected

[考查动词辨析。结合句意,them 指代海报,我们自己的一位学生画了海报。因此

选 A。find 意为“找到”;print 意为“打印”;collect 意为“收集”。] 15.A.very 答案 B B.that C.quite D.too

[考查副词辨析。 结合句意, 此处学生们好奇谁能够画的那么好, that=so 意为“那

么”,因此选 B,very 意为“非常”;quite 意为“十分”;too 意为“太”。] 16.A.If 答案 D B.Though C.Unless D.Since

[考查连词。结合句意,既然 Suzy 在海报上花了很大功夫,她应该受到嘉奖。因此

选 D。if 意为“如果”;though 意为“尽管,虽然”;unless 意为“除非,如果不”。] 17.A.prize 答案 A B.rank C.rest D.place

[考查名词辨析。结合句意,deserve a prize 应受嘉奖,因此选 A。rank 意为“排

名”;rest 意为“休息”;place 意为“地方”。] 18.A.replied C.remembered 答案 B B.realized D.regretted

[考查动词辨析。结合句意,当我看到她兴奋的脸时,我意识到,Suzy 也许一生中

从未拥有过这样的时刻。因此选 B。reply 意为“回复”;remember 意为“记得”;regret 意为“后悔,遗憾”。] 19.A.offered 答案 C B.valued C.owned D.controlled

[考查动词辨析。结合句意,对于 Suzy 来说,她应是从未拥有过这些,因此选 C。

offer 意为“主动提供”;value 意为“珍惜”;control 意为“控制”。] 20.A.clap 答案 A B.wave C.raise D.shake

[考查动词辨析。结合句意,此处其他学生开始为 Suzy 鼓掌,从空后 applause 能

够看出此处应为 clap,因此选 A。wave 意为“挥舞”;raise 意为“举起”;shake 意为“摇 晃;颤抖”。] Cloze 9 (2014·山东) 话题 执着的 Whitehead 词数 297 难度 ★★ 建议时间 16 分钟

Charlotte Whitehead was born in England in 1843,and moved to Montreal,Canada at the age of five with her family.While years,Charlotte discovered she had a(n) __3__ __1__ __2__ her ill elder sister throughout the in medicine.At 18 she married and __4__.Her

a family.Several years later,Charlotte said she wanted to be a

husband supported her decision.
55

__5__,Canadian medical schools did not

__6__

women students at the __7__ __8__ at the Women’ her medical

time.Therefore,Charlotte went to the United States to study s Medical College in Philadelphia.It took her five years to degree. Upon graduation,Charlotte __9__

to Montreal and set up a private

__10__.Three years later,she moved to Winnipeg,Manitoba,and there she was once again a __11__ doctor.Many of her patients were from the nearby timber and railway __12__ herself operating on damaged limbs and setting __13__

camps.Charlotte

bones,in addition to delivering all the babies in the area. But Charlotte had been practising without a licence.She had s licence in both Montreal and Winnipeg,but was __14__ a doctor’

__15__.The Manitoba College of __16__ her studies

Physicians and Surgeons,an all-male board,wanted her to at a Canadian medical college!Charlotte refused to __17__

her patients to spend

time studying what she already knew.So in 1887,she appealed to the Manitoba Legislature to __18__ a licence to her but they,too,refused.Charlotte __19__ to

practise without a licence until 1912.She died four years later at the age of 73. In 1993, 77 years after her __20__, a medical licence was issued to Charlotte.This

decision was made by the Manitoba Legislature to honor“this courageous and pioneering woman.” 【语篇导读】 本文是一篇记叙文,记述了 Charlotte Whitehead,一位伟大的女医生,在没 有医生执照的情况下,在加拿大从医的经历故事。 1.A.raising 答案 C 选 C 项。] 2.A.habit 答案 B B.interest C.opinion D.voice B.teaching C.nursing D.missing

[根据句意“在她几年来照顾(护理)她生病的大姐姐期间”,“照顾,护理”,故

[根据下文她想成为一名医生,故对“医学”感兴趣,故选 B 项。] B.selected C.offered D.started

3.A.invented 答案 D 4.A.doctor 答案 A

[根据句意“她结婚了,开始了一个家庭生活”,故选 D 项,符合语境。] B.musician C.lawyer D.physicist

[根据下文,她想成为一个医生,故选 A 项。] B.Unfortunately D.Eventually
56

5.A.Besides C.Otherwise

答案 B

[根据下文, 她没有医生执照, 当时加拿大医学院不接收女生, 故选 B 项“遗憾地”

符合语境。] 6.A.hire 答案 D B.entertain C.trust D.accept

[“接纳,吸收”女学生,符合上下文语境。] B.physics C.medicine D.law

7.A.history 答案 C

[根据上下文语境,Charlotte 去美国学习医学,故选 C 项。] B.save C.design D.earn

8.A.improve 答案 D

[句意:“她用了五年时间获得医学学位”,其他三个选项不符合语境。] B.escaped C.spread D.wandered

9.A.returned 答案 A

[根据下文可知,Charlotte 在美国获医学学位后回到加拿大行医,故选 A 项。] B.museum C.clinic D.lab

10.A.school 答案 C 11.A.busy 答案 A 项。] 12.A.helped 答案 B

[根据上下文语境,她开办自己的“诊所”,故选 C 项。] B.wealthy C.greedy D.lucky

[Charlotte 不但接生孩子,还要“接骨”,还有其他病人,因此,她很忙。故选 A

B.found

C.troubled

D.imagined

[根据上下文语境,她忙于给人看病,接生孩子,还要给跛脚的人、骨折的人做手

术,find oneself 为固定短语,“使某人处于某种状态”符合语境,故选 B 项。] 13.A.harmful 答案 C B.tired C.broken D.weak

[broken“骨折的”,过去分词作定语,符合语境。] B.taken over D.applied for

14.A.put away C.turned in 答案 D

[根据下文,Charlotte“申请”医生执照,但被拒绝了。故选 D 项。] B.refused C.blamed D.fired

15.A.punished 答案 B

[根据上下文,申请但被拒绝,终生没得到“执照” ;故选 B 项。] B.change C.preview D.complete

16.A.display 答案 D

[根据句意 The Manitoba College of Physicians and Surgeons 学院想让她在他

的学院“完成”学业。故选 D 项,“complete”。] 17.A.leave 答案 A 18.A.sell B.charge C.test D.cure

[根据语境, 她不想“离开”她的病人, 也不想再学她已经知道的东西, 故选 A 项。 ] B.donate C.issue D.show

57

答案 C

[根据下文语境,In 1993,...a medical licence was issued to Charlotte,

issue“发行,颁发”,符合语境。] 19.A.continued C.pretended 答案 A 20.A.birth 答案 B Cloze 10 B.promised D.dreamed

[根据上下文语境,她虽然没有执照,但是她仍继续行医,故选 A 项。] B.death C.wedding D.graduation

[根据语境,她死后 77 年才颁发给她“执照”。故选 B 项。] (2014·重庆) 话题 善良的修理工 词数 280 难度 ★★ 建议时间 17 分钟

Five months after my husband Steve died,I woke up one morning to the maddening sound of a leaking faucet (水龙头).I knew it needed repairs badly,but it __1__ me so much just to think of it. All our __2__ life,I was the“artist”,bringing to our house much

imagination.Steve was the“__3__”one.He had a real gift for handling chores (家务 活),__4__ me from unpleasant repair jobs.

But how could such a good man have his life cut short so suddenly!I had been so sad and angry that I completely __5__ the house.That leaky faucet somehow awakened the challenge of getting things fixed.

me to the fact that I now had to __6__

I got a workman named Ahmed.Entering the house,he stopped before a picture of Steve and me.“Doesn’t your husband hard.” “He died months ago.When he was alive,he did all the repair jobs __8__,”I said quietly.Ahmed looked at me __9__,but didn’t reply.He fixed the faucet,adjusted the __7__ this kind of work?”he asked.“It’s not

dishwasher door,and replaced a showerhead.Apparently, he was gifted as Steve had been. He did a(n) __10__ job.I asked him to name his fee.“No charge,Ma’am,”he

said.“My father died early,and the neighbors helped my family through.” By fixing a faucet,Ahmed mended my soul.Although I would sure carry the pain of __11__ with me along,Ahmed reminded me of the abundant __12__ in the world.

【语篇导读】 这是一则情感故事。丈夫是一位特别会做家务活的人,但自从丈夫去世,陷入 悲痛之中的“我”不得不面对修理工作的挑战。水龙头漏水“我”请来的修理工不仅修好了水 龙头,还修补了“我”孤寂苦闷的心灵。
58

1.A.hurt C.cost 答案 A

B.puzzled D.disappointed [善做家务的丈夫去世不久, 家中水龙头急需修理。 “睹物”思人, 怎不让人伤心。 ] B.shared C.spiritual D.social

2.A.separate 答案 B 3.A.active 答案 D

[夫妻各有专长,共同(shared)生活在一起。] B.boring C.careless D.practical

[“我”是给家庭带来想象的“艺术家”,丈夫做的是实实在在的家务活,当然是

“实用的”。] 4.A.attracting C.driving 答案 B D.prohibiting B.sheltering

[家务活全包在丈夫身上,如同为“我”撑起了保护伞。] B.hated C.cleaned D.missed

5.A.ignored 答案 A

[由于丈夫不幸离世,“我”悲气交加,完全将家务抛在脑后。ignore 忽略;hate

憎恶;clean 清理;miss 错过。唯有 A 项符合句意。] 6.A.come up with C.look forward to 答案 B 7.A.begin 答案 C B.face up to D.step away from

[根据上下文可知,“我”不得不面对(face up to)请人修理水龙头的挑战。] B.check C.like D.find

[由语境可知,修理工的意思是说:“这种活不难做,你丈夫难道不喜欢干这种活

吗?”由此可知答案为 C。] 8.A.gratefully C.bravely 答案 D D.wonderfully B.firmly

[前文说丈夫非常擅长做家务。 由此可以推断他干的活一定很出色。 gratefully(感

激地);firmly(坚定地);bravely(勇敢地)均不合题意。] 9.A.strangely C.painfully 答案 D B.innocently D.sympathetically

[听说主人的丈夫去世,修理工表示同情(sympathetically)。] B.excellent C.important D.dangerous

10.A.terrible 答案 B

[从上面“Apparently,he was gifted as Steve had been.”一句可知修理工的

活做得和丈夫同样好。] 11.A.loss 答案 A B.failure C.fear D.regret

[失去丈夫的痛苦肯定还会伴随着“我”。]
59

12.A.friendship C.kindness 答案 C 慰。] Cloze 11 (2014·四川) 话题 丈夫与松鸡

B.devotion D.justice

[像修理工所做的这种好心的行为在世界上会有很多,这让“我”心中有一丝宽

词数 315

难度 ★★

建议时间 18 分钟

My husband,Tom,has always been good with animals,but I was still amazed when he befriended a female grouse(松鸡).It’s __1__ for a grouse to have any contact(接 they usually fly off when they

触)with people.In fact,they’re hard to spot,__2__ hear humans approaching. This grouse came into our lives in he __4__

__3__.Tom was working out in the field when __5__ unafraid

her walking around at the edge of the field.She was __6__ __7__ about what he was doing.

and seemed to be Tom saw the

bird several times,and she got more comfortable around of the bird and decided to call her Mildred.

him.We quickly grew

__8__

One day,as Tom was working,Mildred came within a few feet of him to watch.Tom __9__ he didn’t see her and kept working to see what she would do next. __10__.She’d run up and peck(啄)at Tom’s

Apparently,she didn’t like to be hands,then __11__

off to see what he would do.This went on for about 20 minutes, __12__ and left. __13__ more and more

until Mildred became tired of the

As spring went and summer came,Mildred started to often.__14__

Mildred felt comfortable enough to jump up on Tom’s leg and stay long __15__ of the two of them together.This friendly grouse soon

enough for me to get a felt __16__

not just with our family,but with anybody who walked or drove by. __17__ at the end of our driveway asking

When hunting season opened,we put a

__18__ not to shoot our pet grouse.My father,who lived down the road,__19__ warned people not to shoot her.__20__,hunters would stop and take pictures,because they had never seen anything like her. 【语篇导读】 这是一篇记叙文。作者的丈夫一向善待动物。但是当丈夫与从不与人接触的母 松鸡交上朋友时,作者惊讶不已。那种人与动作和谐相处的情景真的让人倍感宽慰。 1.A.interesting B.reasonable
60

C.impossible 答案 D 用。] 2.A.though 答案 B

D.unusual

[由下文的描述可知, 松鸡接触人类是很少有的。 __2__之后的 usually 也有提示作

B.because

C.unless

D.until

[根据上下文间的逻辑关系可知:之所以很难看到松鸡,是因为它们听到人的脚步

声就会飞走。] 3.A.spring 答案 A 4.A.got 答案 C B.summer C.autumn D.winter

[由倒数第二段“As spring went and summer came.”可知答案。] B.kept C.noticed D.imagined

[汤姆在田间耕作时看到(notice)这只松鸡在田埂上走动。] B.certainly C.normally D.surprisingly

5.A.naturally 答案 D 害怕。] 6.A.crazy C.concerned 答案 B

[前文说到松鸡大多怕人,从不接近人。这只松鸡竟出人意料地(surprisingly)不

B.curious D.cautious

[结合下文“...as Tom was working,Mildred came within a few feet of him to

watch.”可以推知这只松鸡对汤姆的行动很是好奇。crazy(疯狂的),concerned(担忧的)和 cautious(谨慎的)均不合题意。] 7.A.shy 答案 C 暗示。] 8.A.careful 答案 C B.tired C.fond D.sick B.awkward C.friendly D.elegant

[这只松鸡主动接近人, 可见它是友善的(friendly)。 __16__前面的 friendly 也有

[联系下文可知作者和丈夫很快就喜欢(fond)上了这只松鸡。] B.realized C.hoped D.pretended

9.A.supposed 答案 D

[由语境可知,为了进一步观察松鸡接下来会有什么举动,汤姆假装没有看见它而

继续干活。] 10.A.ignored 答案 A 11.A.put 答案 B B.observed C.amazed D.disturbed

[看到汤姆无视自己的存在, 这只松鸡就去啄他的手。 这说明松鸡不喜欢受人冷落。 ] B.back C.set D.take

[根据松鸡的这一串动作可知,啄一下汤姆的手之后,松鸡就退回去(back off)观

察他有什么反应。] 12.A.game B.work C.place D.man
61

答案 A

[松鸡啄一下汤姆的手就飞走,如此反复的戏嬉简直就是与人玩游戏(game)。] B.come out C.turn over D.fly by

13.A.give up 答案 B

[通过试探发现人并没有伤害它的意思,松鸡越来越经常地出现在汤姆面前。give

up(放弃),turn over(翻转),fly by(飞过)。均不能表达“出现”之意,与语境不符。] 14.A.Eventually C.Constantly 答案 A D.Presently B.Suddenly

[根据语境可知,松鸡胆子越来越大,最终竟敢跳到汤姆的腿上呆上很长时间。] B.dream C.picture D.sense

15.A.chance 答案 C

[短文结尾一句中的 pictures 一词与本空相照应。] B.guilty D.familiar

16.A.comfortable C.anxious 答案 A

[本空与__14__后面的 comfortable 相呼应。] B.sign C.gun D.loudspeaker

17.A.lantern 答案 B 牌。] 18.A.drivers 答案 C 19.A.just 答案 D

[狩猎季节来临,为了不让猎人射杀这只松鸡,我们在车道的末端处立了一块标记

B.farmers

C.hunters

D.tourists

[__20__之后的句子暗示了答案。] B.yet C.thus D.also

[父亲也用自己的方式来保护松鸡。] B.For long D.By the way

20.A.In fact C.On the contrary 答案 A

[联系上文所述,事实上,猎人们不仅没有猎杀这只松鸡,而且还停下来和她一起

拍照。因此答案选 A。] Cloze 12 (2014·陕西) 话题 一束花带来的温暖 词数 288 难度 ★★ 建议时间 17 分钟

It was Mother’s Day and I was shopping at the local supermarket with my five -year-old son,Tenyson.As we were an __1__,we realized that only minutes earlier

__2__ woman had fallen over at the entrance and hit her head on the ground.__3__

was with her,but there was blood everywhere and the woman was embarrassed and clearly in shock.__4__ a lot of people stopped to help out.

62

__5__

we were walking towards the scene, Tenyson became very __7__

__6__

about

what had happened to the elderly couple.He fun falling over in front of

to me,“Mom,it’s not much

__8__.”Seeing that there was a flower stall(摊位)at __9__ the lady a

the front of the supermarket,he added,“Why shouldn’t we flower?It will make her feel better.”I was __11__ __10__

that he’d come up with this __12__ we

idea.So we went over and told the flower seller __13__

wanted.“Just take it,”she replied.“I wonderful __14__.”

take your money for such a

By now medical staff had arrived,and were

__15__

the injured woman.We gave __16__ my son.At that,

the flower to the woman’s husband and I told him it was

the old man started crying and said,“Thank you very much.”He then turned to me, “You have a __17__ son.Happy Mother’s Day to you.”

The man bent down and gave his wife the flower,telling her who it was from.__18__ being badly hurt,the old lady looked up at Tenyson with gave him a little __20__. __19__ in her eyes and

【语篇导读】 母亲节当天我和儿子在超市购物,即将离开时看到一位老人摔倒在超市门口, 儿子提议买一束花送给老人来减轻老人因摔倒而带来的尴尬和痛苦,得到了老人及其丈夫的感 谢。 1.A.leaving 答案 A B.driving C.moving D.stopping

[考查动词辨析。根据文章第一句话“I was shopping at the local supermarket

with my five-year-old son”,可知,我们购物即将完成要离开,因此选 A.leaving。] 2.A.injured 答案 D B.awkward C.honest D.elderly

[考查上下文衔接。根据文章最后一段“the old lady looked up at

Tenyson,”elderly 与 old 为同义词,可知答案为 D.elderly。] 3.A.Her husband C.The crowd 答案 A B.My son D.The seller

[考查上下文衔接。 根据文章倒数第二段第二句“We gave the flower to the woman’

s husband...”,可知这位老妇人是和她的丈夫在一起。故选 A.Her husband。] 4.A.Specifically C.Interestingly 答案 D B.Particularly D.Fortunately

[考查副词辨析。根据文章,老人摔倒后,很多人停下来帮助她,可知她是幸运地,

因此选 D.Fortunately。]
63

5.A.If 答案 C

B.Since

C.While

D.Unless

[考查连词辨析。if 假如,引导条件状语从句;since 自从,因为,可引导时间状

语从句和原因状语从句;while 当??时候,引导时间状语从句,unless 除非,引导条件状 语从句,根据文章内容应该是“当我们正走向现场时”,故选 C.While。] 6.A.guilty 答案 D B.curious C.angry D.worried

[考查短语搭配。be worried about 为??担心。根据下文“it’s not much fun

falling over in front of everyone.”可知,儿子在为老妇人担心。] 7.A.complained C.lied 答案 B D.responded [考查动词搭配。A.complain to sb 向某人抱怨;B.say to sb 对某人说;C.lie to B.said

sb 对某人撒谎;D.respond to sb 回应某人。根据文章,应该是儿子对我说。故选 B。] 8.A.no one 答案 C B.someone C.everyone D.anyone

[考查人称代词。A.no one 没有人;B.someone 某个人,一般用在肯定句中;

C.everyone 每一个人;D.anyone 任何一个人,一般用在否定或疑问句中。根据句意,“在众 人面前摔倒都会感觉不好”,应选 C。] 9.A.lend 答案 D B.bring C.leave D.buy

[考查动词搭配。A.lend sb sth 把东西借给某人;B.bring sb sth 带给某人某物;

C.leave 离开,留下(某物);D.buy sb sth 为某人买某物。根据句意“我们为什么不给这位 女士买束花呢?”故选 D。] 10.A.amazed 答案 A B.shocked C.puzzled D.concerned

[考查形容词辨析。A.amazed 惊讶的;B.shocked 震惊的;C.puzzled 迷惑的;

D.concerned 关心的,关注的。根据句意,我因为儿子有这种想法/提议感到惊讶,故选 A。] 11.A.wise 答案 B B.sweet C.innocent D.crazy

[考查形容词辨析。A.wise 明智的;B.sweet 甜的,可爱的,温柔的;C.innocent

清白的,无辜的;D.crazy 疯狂的。根据文章儿子想要买束花送给摔倒的老妇人以使她感觉 好一些,这种想法是温暖人心的,所以 sweet 最合适,故选 B。] 12.A.which 答案 C B.when C.what D.whether

[考查名词性从句。tell sb sth 告知某人某事,所以__12__ we wanted 应为一个

宾语从句,wanted 缺少宾语;故选 what 既引导宾语从句,又可以在从句中充当 wanted 的宾 语。which“哪一个”;when 在名词性从句中作时间状语;whether“是否”,不作成分,只 起连接作用。] 13.A.must not B.can’t C.may not D.needn’t
64

答案 B

[考查情态动词。A.must not 禁止;B.can’t 不能;C.may not 可能不;D.needn’

t 不必要;根据句意,卖花的人说因为你们的美好行为,不能收你的钱。故选 B。] 14.A.scene 答案 D B.habit C.flower D.deed

[考查名词辨析。scene 场景;现场;habit 习惯;flower 花。根据句意,卖花人

因为作者和他儿子的善良行为(deed)而不收他们的钱。故选 D。] 15.A.checking with C.operating on 答案 B B.looking after D.praying for

[考查动词短语辨析。 A.check with 与??协商; B.look after 照顾; C.operate on

给??动手术;D.pay for 为??付款。根据文章应为医护人员到达照顾老妇人。] 16.A.from 答案 A B.to C.with D.about

[考查介词辨析。根据句意,我告诉老人这些花是我儿子送的,即花来自(from)于

我儿子。故选 A。] 17.A.respectful C.successful 答案 D B.cheerful D.wonderful

[考查形容词辨析。A.respectful 尊重人的;B.cheerful 高兴的;C.successful

成功的;D.wonderful 奇妙的,极好的。根据句意老人对我说:“你有一个极好的儿子。” 故选 D。] 18.A.Out of C.Thanks to 答案 B B.Regardless of D.As to

[考查介词短语辨析。A.out of 出于??;B.regardless of 不管,不顾;C.thanks

to 由于,多亏了;D.as to 至于,关于。根据句意:尽管老妇人受伤了,但她依然愉快地看 着 Tenyson,并给予他微笑,故选 B。] 19.A.love 答案 A 20.A.idea 答案 C Cloze 13 B.hope C.pity D.pain

[考查名词辨析。with love=lovely 美丽地,愉快地;根据句意应选 A.love。] B.money C.smile D.comfort

[考查名词辨析。give sb a smile 给某人一个微笑。] (2014·江西) 话题 机器人家庭 词数 455 难度 ★★★ 建议时间 19 分钟

“Mum,can I invite my classmate Brett over to stay tomorrow night,please?It’ s Friday,and we don’t have any __1__.Can I,please?”Mum was sitting at the kitchen

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table.Dad was__2__ next to her,resting his head on his arms.Mum could__3__that James wanted so badly to have his friend over. “I’m so sorry,James,”she said. “I’ m never allowed to have friends come to the house.Why, Mum?”James asked sadly, almost in__4__. “I know it’s __5__ for you,”Mum said softly.“But I’m just worried other people might think we’re a little...strange.And then they would make fun of you.” “No,they wouldn’t,Mum,”James protested.“We’re not __6__ at all.We’re just ordinary people.” Mum sighed heavily.“To tell you the truth,James,my neck has been so painful that it’s given me a heavy __7__.And your poor father—he doesn’t feel __8__.He really needs a rest.” “I can help,Mum!”James said.“__9__ I can make you and Dad feel better,can Brett come over?Please?” “Well...”Mum began. “Great!Thanks,Mum!”James almost shouted.“Just sit there,don’t move.”He rushed over to the kitchen drawer and __10__ what he needed—two spanners(扳手). “Hang on,Mum,”he said.“This won’t take a second.”After some __11__,James was finished.With a smile of __12__ on his face he said, “There! How does that feel?”“Oh, James,”Mum said.“That’s much better!How did you do it?” “Easy,”James said __13__.“Dad had tightened your neck bolts (螺栓) too much! I just __14__ them slightly!I learned that in robotic science at school.” “What about your father?Can you __15__ him?”asked Mum. “I’ll try,”James replied.He __16__ up Dad’s hair at the back of his neck, and plugged the electric wire into Dad’s head.Then he turned the __17__ on.Dad opened his eyes and __18__ immediately.“He just let his __19__ run too low, that’ s all, ”James said,“Shall I tell Brett to come over straight after school tomorrow?” “I guess so,”replied Mum.“Your friends will just have to __20__ that we are a very unusual family.Thanks,son!” 【语篇导读】 这是一篇发生在机器人家庭里的科幻故事。詹姆斯的妈妈患有头痛症,父亲则 长期卧床不起。由于妈妈害怕别人取笑儿子,她从来都不让儿子带朋友到家里来。而这一次詹 姆斯凭借学到的机器人学方面的知识治好了父母的病,妈妈终于答应了他的请求。
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1.A.chance 答案 C 2.A.asleep 答案 A

B.message

C.homework

D.difficulty

[根据语境可知, 周末来临, 没有作业可做, 所以詹姆斯才提出邀同学来家里过夜。 ] B.reading C.alone D.standing

[由“resting his head on his arms.”这一信息可知父亲头枕着胳膊睡着了。] B.see C.agree D.doubt

3.A.explain 答案 B 4.A.terror 答案 B 5.A.fair 答案 D 衷。] 6.A.strange 答案 A

[从儿子的话语中妈妈能看出(see)他想邀朋友来家里的迫切心情。] B.tears C.surprise D.silence

[根据“sadly”一词可以推断詹姆斯急得快要哭出来了。] B.easy C.good D.hard

[从未准许儿子带同学到家里玩,妈妈也知道这未免太苛刻(hard),而她也心有苦

B.normal

C.popular

D.anxious

[联系上下文可知詹姆斯否定了妈妈的说法。“...we’re a little strange.”是

解答本题的依据。] 7.A.headache 答案 A 8.A.ill 答案 D 9.A.As 答案 B B.loss C.task D.day

[依据语境及生活常识可知,脖子的疼痛引发了头部的不适。] B.funny C.sorry D.well

[既然爸爸真的需要休息,那他的身体肯定不舒服。feel well 感觉(身体)很好。] B.If C.Since D.Before

[联系下文可知詹姆斯提出了一个条件:如果我让你和爸爸感觉好些,Brett 就能

来家里吗?] 10.A.kept 答案 C B.controlled C.found D.returned

[詹姆斯冲进厨房,找到(found)了他需要的两把扳手。] B.thoughts C.repairs D.instructions

11.A.requests 答案 C

[一番“修理”(repairs)之后,妈妈感觉好多了。] B.satisfaction D.politeness

12.A.sympathy C.bitterness 答案 B

[大功即将告成,詹姆斯脸上自然挂着满意的微笑。] B.gratefully D.proudly

13.A.embarrassedly C.impatiently 答案 D

[从詹姆斯问妈妈的话语“There!How does that feel?”及答语“Easy”一词足

可以看出他的那份自豪(proudly)。]
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14.A.adjusted 答案 A

B.collected

C.produced

D.covered

[爸爸将螺栓拧得太紧,我只是稍微调一下。adjust 调节;collect 收集;produce

生产;cover 覆盖。唯有 A 项符合句意。] 15.A.greet 答案 C B.accompany C.help D.ask

[根据__9__前面的“I can help, Mum!”一句可以找到答案。] B.caught C.gave D.filled

16.A.lifted 答案 A

[这四个动词均能与 up 构成短语动词,但只有 lift up(提起,举起)与语境相符。] B.power C.light D.gas

17.A.television 答案 B

[插上电源线,接着就要打开电源(power)了。] B.lay down D.sat up

18.A.grew up C.broke down 答案 D 应。] 19.A.food C.battery 答案 C 20.A.prove 答案 D

[“爸爸睁开眼睛立即坐了起来。”这句话与前文“爸爸枕着胳膊睡着了”相呼

B.temperature D.blood

[由前文“接通电源之后爸爸就马上坐起来”可以推测“电池电量过低”。] B.expect C.suspect D.accept

[妈妈为儿子感到骄傲。她想儿子的朋友也会认为这是一个非同一般的家庭。

accept“(对??满意而)接受”最符合语境。] Cloze 14 (2013·北京) 话题 一位不平凡的体操运动员 词数 385 难度 ★★ 建议时间 17 分钟

A Leap(跳跃)to Honor Leaping on a narrow balance beam(平衡木) is not easy.But Lola Walter,a 13-year -old gymnast,is an expert at it. To perfect her skills,Lola__1__for four hours a day,five days a week.At the state championships in March,she finished seventh out of 16 girls. That’ s especially impressive, __2__she is legally blind, born with a rare condition that causes her eyes to shift(移动) constantly.She often sees double and can’t__3__how far away things are.

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When she was little,her mom__4__ that even though she couldn’t see__5__,she was fearless.So her mom signed her up for gymnastics when she was three.She loved the__6__ right away and gymnastics became her favorite. Though learning gymnastics has been more__7__for her than for some of her teammates, she has never quit.She doesn’t let her__8__stop her from doing anything that she wants to. She likes the determination it takes to do the sport.Her biggest__9__is the balance beam.Because she has double vision,she often sees two beams.She must use her sense of touch to help her during her routine.Sometimes she even closes her eyes.“You have to__10__your mind that it’ll take you where you want to go.” says Lola. To be a top-level gymnast,one must be brave.The beam is probably the most__11__ for anyone because it’s four inches wide.At the state competition,Lola didn’t fall__12__the beam.In fact,she got an 8.1 out of 10—her highest score yet. Lola doesn’t want to be__13__ differently from the other girls on her team.At competitions,the judges don’t know about her vision__14__.She doesn’t tell them, because she doesn’t think they need to know.Her mom is amazed by her__15__attitude. Lola never thinks about__16__.She is presently at level 7 while the highest is level 10 in gymnastics.Her__17__is to reach level 9.She says she wants to be a gymnastics coach to pass down what she’s learned to other kids__18__she grew up. Lola is __19__of all her hard work and success.She says it’s helped her overcome problems in her life outside gymnastics,too.Her__20__ for others is “just believe in yourself”. 【语篇导读】 本文是一篇人物介绍。 文章主要讲述了美国一位身残志坚的 13 岁体操小将 Lola Walter(罗拉·沃尔特)的相关情况。 1.A.runs 答案 C B.teaches C.trains D.dances

[考查动词辨析。A 项意为“跑步”;B 项意为“执教,教学”;C 项意为“训练,

培训”;D 项意为“跳舞”。根据上文内容可知,Lola Walter 是一名体操运动员,因此,她 应该是进行训练(train)。故答案选 C。] 2.A.since 答案 A B.unless C.after D.though

[考查连词辨析。根据下文“she often sees double...”可知,Lola Walter 看

东西经常出现重影,是因为她患有一种先天性眼疾。since 意为“因为,由于”,用来引导 原因状语从句,符合语境。故答案选 A。]
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3.A.tell 答案 A

B.guess

C.assume

D.predict

[考查动词辨析。句意:她看东西时经常会出现重影,不能分辨物体的距离。A 项

意为“分辨,告诉”;B 项意为“猜测,认为”;C 项意为“假设,假定”;D 项意为“预测, 预言”。故答案选 A。] 4.A.suspected C.imagined 答案 D B.remembered D.noticed

[考查动词辨析。句意:在她小时候,她妈妈就注意到尽管她看不清,但她却很勇

敢。A 项意为“怀疑”;B 项意为“记得”;C 项意为“想象”;D 项意为“注意到”。根据 语境可知,答案选 D。] 5.A.deeply 答案 B B.well C.ahead D.closely

[考查副词辨析。根据上文内容可知,Lola Walter 由于患有眼部疾病,看东西不

是很清楚,see well 意为“看得清楚”,符合上下文语境。故答案选 B。] 6.A.task 答案 B B.sport C.event D.show

[考查名词辨析。 根据上下文内容和常识可知, 体操(gymnastics)是一项体育运动,

因此应用 sport 一词。故答案选 B。] 7.A.boring 答案 C B.enjoyable C.difficult D.satisfactory

[考查形容词辨析。A 项意为“令人厌倦的”;B 项意为“愉快的,快乐的”;C 项

意为“困难的”;D 项意为“令人满意的”。根据上文内容和常识可知,Lola Walter 患有先 天性眼疾,因此学习体操会比其他正常的人困难得多。故答案选 C。] 8.A.talent 答案 D B.quality C.nature D.condition

[考查名词辨析。句意:她不想让她的身体状况成为阻止自己做自己喜欢的事情的

障碍。A 项意为“天赋,才能”;B 项意为“质量”;C 项意为“本性,自然”;D 项意为“条 件,状况”。由语境可知,答案选 D。] 9.A.doubt 答案 C B.advantage C.challenge D.progress

[考查名词辨析。 句意: 她最大的挑战就是平衡木。 A 项意为“怀疑”; B 项意为 “优

势” ;C 项意为“挑战”;D 项意为“进步”。根据上文“she often sees double...”及上 文她学习体操比正常人困难可知,答案选 C。] 10.A.examine 答案 D B.express C.open D.trust

[考查动词辨析。 A 项意为“检查, 测试”; B 项意为“表达, 表述”; C 项意为“开

放,打开”;D 项意为“相信,依赖”。根据上文内容可知,她用触觉来弥补自己身体上的 不足,在平衡木上做动作时,她有时甚至会闭上眼睛,完全依赖(trust)感觉。故答案选 D。] 11.A.fearful B.harmful C.unfair D.inconvenient
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答案 A

[考查形容词辨析。句意:对于任何人来说,平衡木可能是最令人感到害怕的运动,

因为它只有四英寸宽。根据“because it’s four inches wide”可知,A 项意为“害怕的, 胆怯的”符合语境, 故答案选 A。 B 项意为“有害的”; C 项意为“不公平的”; D 项意为“不 方便的”,均不符合语境,故排除。] 12.A.to 答案 C B.on C.off D.against

[考查介词辨析。句意:在全国赛中,她没有从平衡木上掉下来。fall off 为固定

短语,意为“掉下”,符合语境。故答案选 C。] 13.A.greeted 答案 B B.treated C.served D.paid

[考查动词辨析。A 项意为“问候,迎接”;B 项意为“对待”;C 项意为“服务”;

D 项意为“支付”。根据语境可知,Lola 并不想因为自己身体上的缺陷而得到什么特殊的照 顾(受到特殊的对待),应用 treat 一词。故答案选 B。] 14.A.pains 答案 D B.stresses C.injuries D.problems

[考查名词辨析。句意:在比赛中,裁判根本不知道她有视力问题(障碍)。A 项意

为“痛苦”;B 项意为“压力”;C 项意为“受伤”;D 项意为“问题,困难,障碍”。根据 语境及上文内容可知,答案选 D。] 15.A.positive 答案 A B.friendly C.flexible D.cautious

[考查形容词辨析。 A 项意为“积极的”; B 项意为“友好的”; C 项意为“灵活的”;

D 项意为“谨慎的”。根据上文对 Lola 的描述可知,她身残志坚,有着积极的生活态度。故 答案选 A。] 16.A.defending C.winning 答案 B B.quitting D.bargaining

[考查动(名)词辨析。A 项意为“防卫”;B 项意为“放弃”;C 项意为“获胜”;

D 项意为“讨价还价”。根据上文内容可知,Lola 意志坚强,她从来没想过放弃,因此应用 quitting 一词。故答案选 B。] 17.A.standard 答案 D B.range C.view D.goal

[考查名词辨析。句意:体操最高的级别是 10 级,她目前的级别是 7 级。她的目标

是达到 9 级。A 项意为“标准”;B 项意为“范围”;C 项意为“观点”;D 项意为“目标”。 根据“reach level 9”可知,这是她的目标,故答案选 D。] 18.A.until 答案 C B.as C.when D.before

[考查连词辨析。句意:她说(当)长大后她想当一名体操教练,把自己学到的知识

和技巧传授给其他孩子。根据语境可知,应用 when 来引导时间状语从句,意为“当??时 候”。 故答案选 C。]
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19.A.proud 答案 A

B.tired

C.ashamed

D.confident

[考查形容词辨析。A 项意为“自豪的,骄傲的”;B 项意为“疲惫的”;C 项意为

“羞愧的”;D 项意为“自信的”。根据下文内容可知,她在体操上获得成功的经历帮助她 克服了体操之外的、生活中的很多困难。因此,她应该是为自己的成功和付出的努力感到很 自豪。故答案选 A。] 20.A.plan 答案 B B.advice C.reward D.responsibility

[考查名词辨析。句意:她给其他人的建议就是“要相信自己”。A 项意为“计划,

打算”;B 项意为“建议”;C 项意为“奖励,报酬”;D 项意为“责任”。故答案选 B。] Cloze 15 (2013·陕西) 话题 善良 词数 260 难度 ★★ 建议时间 13 分钟

To celebrate the end of our exams,my friends and I went to a fast food restaurant.We __1__ hamburgers and Coca Cola at the counter.When our __2__ came,I started walking towards an empty table.By bad luck,my purse strap(带子) got __3__ on a chair and the tray(托盘) that I was holding slipped __4__ my hands and went flying in the air.The tray, and its contents, __5__ on a man who was just about to __6__ a bite of his sandwich.I stared,greatly __7__,as the drinks soaked(浸湿) his white shirt. Then I __8__ my eyes and prepared myself for his burst of __9__.Instead,he said “It’s OK” to __10__ me before he diappeared into the washroom. Still shaky and unsure __11__ to do next,my friends and I went to a table and sat there,trying our best to look __12__.A moment later,the man came out of the washroom and __13__ our table.My heart almost stopped __14__.I thought he was going to ask for my father’ s __15__ and call him. To my surprise, he merely smiled at us, handed us some cash and said, “__16__ yourself new hamburgers.” He then walked __17__ without even finishing his food. He could have made what was already an uncomfortable situation worse,__18__ he chose a different way and gave us a reason to believe that there is still __19__ in this world.I’ll never __20__ his actions. 【语篇导读】 本文为记叙文。文章记述了作者和朋友们为了庆祝考试结束,去一家快餐厅吃 饭所发生的事情。由于粗心,作者手中的食物洒在了旁边一位客人身上,作者感到不安和害怕。 但那位客人不但没有责备她,反而面带微笑地给作者钱让他们另买一份食物。作者从这件事情 上懂得:在我们所生活的世界里,善良和友好的行为一直存在着。
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1.A.ordered C.arranged 答案 A 要求。] 2.A.food 答案 A B.turn

B.made D.demanded

[order 此处作动词,意为“点(饭菜)”。make 做,制作;arrange 安排;demand

C.bill

D.menu

[根据上下文语境,可知此处指“我们”点的食物(food)。turn 轮流,转动;bill

账单;menu 菜单。] 3.A.fixed 答案 B 4.A.by 答案 C 溜出”。] 5.A.knocked 答案 B B.fell C.stood D.hung B.caught C.cut D.tied

[“我”的钱包带挂到(get caught)了椅子, 符合语境。 fix 固定; cut 切; tie 系。 ] B.in C.from D.out

[托盘从(from)手中滑落。D 项 out 为副词,而 slip out of...意为“从??滑出,

[托盘和托盘里的食物掉在(fell)了一位男顾客身上。knock 敲,叩击;stand 站;

hang 悬挂。] 6.A.take 答案 A B.taste C.swallow D.chew

[那位男子正要咬他的三明治。take a bite of...咬一口??。] B.disappointed D.annoyed

7.A.discouraged C.shocked 答案 C

[意外发生后,“我”惊呆(be shocked)了。discourage 使气馁;disappoint 使失

望;shock 使吃惊;annoy 使恼怒。] 8.A.rolled 答案 D B.rubbed C.narrowed D.closed

[“我”闭上(close)眼睛,等着那个人发火。roll 滚动;rub one’s eyes 揉眼睛;

narrow one’s eyes 眼睛眯成一条缝。] 9.A.bitterness C.anger 答案 C B.anxiety D.sorrow [根据上文可知,“我”在等待着他发怒。bitterness 苦,怨恨;anxiety 焦虑;

sorrow 悲伤,悲痛。] 10.A.satisfy 答案 B B.comfort C.encourage D.praise

[那位男子没有发怒,反而说了一句“It’s OK”。这说明他要安慰

(comfort)“我”。satisfy 使满意;encourage 鼓励;praise 赞扬。] 11.A.how B.who C.what D.which
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答案 C

[那位男子去洗手间后我仍旧不知所措。what to do 要做什么。此处 do 为及物动

词,代词 what 作其宾语;how 是副词,无法作 do 的宾语。] 12.A.mild 答案 C B.honest C.calm D.modest

[虽然心里不安,但“我”和朋友们努力地让自己看起来很镇定(calm)。mild 温柔

的;honest 诚实的;modest 谦虚的。] 13.A.pushed C.drew 答案 B B.approached D.laid [根据下文可知, 那位男顾客从洗手间出来后就走近(approach)“我们”。 push 推;

draw 拉;lay 放,搁。] 14.A.beating C.sinking 答案 A B.breaking D.trembling

[当他走近“我们”的时候,“我”被吓得心脏都几乎停止跳动了。“我”以为他

要问父亲的电话号码,并给他打电话。beat(心脏)跳动;break 破碎;sink 下沉;tremble 颤抖。] 15.A.help 答案 C B.position [由下文“call him”可知。] B.Buy C.Find D.Cook C.number D.job

16.A.Prepare 答案 B 西。] 17.A.on 答案 D

[由上文“...handed us some cash...”可知,他让“我们”再买(buy)些吃的东

B.around

C.up

D.away

[由下文“...without even finishing his food.”可知,他没吃完饭就走了(walk

away)。walk on 继续走;walk around 游荡,无目的地行走;walk up 沿??走,走近。] 18.A.so 答案 D 法。] 19.A.kindness C.politeness 答案 A B.happiness D.brightness B.since C.although D.but

[他本能使原本已经不愉快的局面更加难堪, 但是(but)他选择了一种不同的解决方

[那位男顾客不仅没有对“我”发火, 还给“我们”钱买食物。 他是一个善良的人。

这使得“我们”相信这个世界上还有善良(kindness)。] 20.A.forget 答案 A 不理睬。]
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B.refuse

C.oppose

D.ignore

[我一定不会忘记(forget)他的善行。refuse 拒绝;oppose 反对;ignore 忽视,

Cloze 16

(2013·天津) 话题 父亲 词数 301 难度 ★★★ 建议时间 15 分钟

As

I held my father’ s hands one night, I couldn’ t help but notice their calluses(老

茧) and roughness.His hands tell the story of his life as a __1__,including all his struggles. One summer, I remember, a drought(旱灾)hit Ontario, turning it into a__2__desert.On one of those hot mornings I was picking sweet corn with my dad to fill the last __3__from the grocery store.Fifty dozen was all we needed,which__4__took twenty minutes.That morning,however,the process didn’t__5__ quickly.After forty minutes of aimlessly walking in the field,we__6__ needed twenty dozen.I was completely frustrated and __7__.Dropping the basket heavily,I declared,“If the store wants its last twenty dozen,they can pick it themselves!”Dad__8__,“Just think,my little girl,only ten dozen left for each of us and then we’ re__9__. ”Such is Dad-whatever problem he __10__, he never gives up. __11__,the disastrous effects of the drought were felt all over our country.It was a challenging time for everyone,__12__Dad remained optimistic.He__13__to be grateful for other things like good health and food on our plates.Only then did I truly begin to__14__Dad and his faith that guided us through the hard times. Dad is also a living example of real__15__.From dawn to dusk,he works countless hours to __16__our family.He always puts our happiness __17__his own,and never fails to cheer me on at my sports games__18__his exhaustion after long days.His loving and selfless nature has inspired me to become more sympathetic and__19__,putting others first. Dad,the life__20__I have learned from you will stay with me forever.You are my father,teacher,friend and,most importantly,my hero. 【语篇导读】 作者通过生活中的小事,描述了作为农民的父亲是一个勤劳、乐观且对家庭充 满爱的人,其乐观的生活态度以及对家人的关爱,教育并深深地影响了他的子女。借助此文, 作者向父亲表达了深深的爱意。 1.A.teacher 答案 C 2.A.stormy B.gardener C.farmer D.grocer

[根据下文叙述的旱灾及在田间散步等信息可确定答案。] B.lively
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C.disappearing 答案 D 3.A.order 答案 A

D.burning

[上文提到旱灾,炎热的夏天,可判断选 burning“炙热的”。] B.form C.gap D.position

[作者与爸爸一起摘甜玉米送到杂货店,说明是蔬菜瓜果商店预定的,所以是完成

最后的订单。] 4.A.repeatedly C.finally 答案 B B.normally D.really

[正常情况下采摘 600 个需要 20 分钟。repeatedly“反复地”;normally“正常

地”;finally“最终”;really“其实”。] 5.A.go 答案 A B.begin C.occur D.change

[句意:然而那天上午这一进程没能顺利完成。go“进展”;begin“开始”;

occur“突然想到”;change“改变”。] 6.A.yet 答案 B B.still C.even D.nearly

[句意:在田间漫无目标地走了 40 分钟以后,我们仍然需要 240 个。yet 可用在句

首,同时一般用于否定句中;still“仍然”;even“甚至”表递进关系;nearly“几乎”。 ] 7.A.surprised C.angry 答案 C B.nervous D.frightened [根据下文作者把篮子重重地摔在地上可知是绝望和愤怒,故选 angry。] B.cried D.laughed

8.A.apologized C.complained 答案 D 9.A.lost 答案 B

[根据下文爸爸劝慰女儿可判断选 laughed。] B.done C.gone D.touched

[done 在此表示完成。be lost“迷路,陷入”;be gone“没了,走了”;be

touched“被感动”。] 10.A.meets with C.works out 答案 A B.brings up D.thinks about

[句意:爸爸就是这样,无论他遇到什么困难,他永远也不放弃。meet with 意为

“遇到”;符合题意。] 11.A.Thankfully C.Unfortunately 答案 C B.Hopefully D.Strangely

[概括全国都感到旱灾的影响可判断用 unfortunately“不幸地”。

thankfully“感激地”;hopefully“有希望地”;strangely“奇怪地”。]
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12.A.or 答案 D

B.for

C.so

D.but

[根据上下文可知应是转折关系,所以选 but。] B.seemed D.aimed

13.A.happened C.continued 答案 C 14.A.face 答案 B

[上句说爸爸仍然保持乐观,可判断选 continue。] B.appreciate C.examine D.question

[句意:只有那时我才真正开始感激爸爸和他的信仰,那引导我们度过难关。

face“面对”;appreciate“感激,欣赏”;examine“检查”;question“提问,质问”。] 15.A.love 答案 A B.pride [根据下文内容可知选 love。] B.settle C.start D.impress C.friendship D.honesty

16.A.support 答案 A 家”。] 17.A.after 答案 B

[句意:从早到晚,他无休止地工作来养家糊口。support our family 意为“养

B.before

C.beside

D.under

[put our happiness before his own 意为“把我们的快乐放在他自己的快乐前”。 ] B.in terms of D.in place of

18.A.in spite of C.in control of 答案 A

[根据空格前后的让步关系可判断用 in spite of。] B.regretful D.humorous

19.A.careful C.considerate 答案 C

[根据 putting others first 可判断为“更加有同情心,考虑周到” 。considerate

意为“善解人意,考虑周到”。] 20.A.history 答案 D B.motto C.patterns D.lessons

[根据 learned from you 可判断选 lessons。]

考点二 夹叙夹议类 Cloze 1 (2016·四川) 话题 Lainey 阅读故事 词数 265 难度 ★★ 建议时间 15 分钟

Lainey finished third grade.She had good grades and could read__1__grade level, but she did not like to read.On a family car trip, her Aunt Dede pulled out a copy of

Harry Potter, as a surprise for her __2__.But Lainey took one look at it,__3__her
eyes, and said, “Boring!”
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Aunt Dede, a teacher, had read the book to her students, and they loved it.__4__the youngest children in the class were __5__by the story.They__6__ with great interest and then __7__ joined in grand conversations about Harry’s adventures. “How can you say it’s __8__? Have you read it?” asked Aunt Dede. “No, it’s too long and it doesn’t have any __9__,” complained Lainey. “Oh, that’s where you are __10__,there are lots of pictures.Every page is full of pictures; you just have to read the words to __11__ them.It’s like magic.” “Nice try, Aunt Dede,”Lainey replied __12__ from the back seat. Another__13__was in order.“Well, if you don’ t want to read it, give it__14__. Maybe your mom would __15__ hearing the story.” The book sailed through the air to Aunt Dede and she began to read it aloud.By the end of the first chapter__16__ were coming from the back seat:“Please read a little__17__.” Lainey is an example of an__18__reader.As shown here, Lainey can become __19__ about reading when __20__ with literature on topics that interest her, and when the people around her model involvement in the reading process. 【语篇导读】 这是一篇记叙文。 Lainey 完成三年级学业, 可以阅读高于年级平均水平的读物, Aunt Dede 给她一本书《哈利波特》让她读,然而她并不感兴趣。如果提供给 Lainey 感兴趣的 读物 ,情况就不会这样了。 1.A.within 答案 D 之外”。] 2.A.daughter C.student 答案 B B.niece D.friend B.on C.to D.above

[她取得了好成绩, 可以阅读高于年级平均水平的读物。 above 表示“能力超出??

[Aunt Dede 拿出一本书《哈利波特》给她一个惊喜。根据 Aunt 一词可判断她们两

人之间的关系。niece 外甥女,侄女。] 3.A.opened 答案 C 4.A.Even 答案 A B.dried C.rolled D.shaded

[Lainey 看了一眼,骨碌碌地转着眼睛,说,“无聊!”roll 转动,旋转。] B.Still C.Just D.Yet

[Aunt Dede 是一位老师,她的学生都喜欢这本书。即使是班上最小的孩子也被这

个故事吸引了。even 用于加强语气。] 5.A.surprised C.puzzled B.annoyed D.attracted
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答案 D 6.A.read 答案 C 听。]

[根据下句中的“with great interest”可知孩子们被这本书所吸引。] B.told C.listened D.wrote

[根据本段首句中的“had read the book to her students”可知,老师读给孩子

7.A.suspectedly C.calmly 答案 D

B.anxiously D.enthusiastically

[根据句中的“with great interest”可知孩子们热情地参与讨论。

enthusiastically 满腔热情地;suspectedly 怀疑地;anxiously 不安地;calmly 冷静地。] 8.A.amazing C.ridiculous 答案 B B.boring D.humorous

[此空照应 3 空后女孩说的“Boring”。 你怎么能说它无聊吗?] B.stories D.conversations

9.A.pictures C.adventures 答案 A 10.A.crazy 答案 C 11.A.see 答案 A

[根据 10 空后的 pictures 可知 Lainey 抱怨这本书没有任何图片。] B.foolish C.wrong D.different

[Lainey 说没图片, 而 Aunt Dede 说每一页都充满了图片, 显然是 Lainey 说错了。 ] B.match C.show D.recognize

[你只需要读单词。这就像魔法一样,读读上面的单词,就可以看到图片。] B.patiently C.eagerly D.shyly

12.A.sourly 答案 A

[从 13 空后的“Well, if you don’t want to read it”可知 Lainey 还是不想看

这本书。nice try 想得美,做的不错;sourly 酸溜溜地。] 13.A.idea 答案 B 14.A.away 答案 D B.try C.belief D.behavior

[再次尝试让 Lainey 感兴趣。] B.out C.in D.back

[如果你不想读它, 还给我。give back 归还;give away 分发,泄露; give out

发出,耗尽; give in 屈服。] 15.A.enjoy 答案 A B.admit [也许你妈妈会喜欢听故事。] B.requests D.promises C.mind D.finish

16.A.decisions C.comments 答案 B

[Aunt Dede 开始大声朗读故事。到第一章结束时后面的人请求大声点读。后座的

人让 Aunt Dede 大点声读,requests“请求”,符合语境。]
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17.A.more clearly C.louder 答案 C

B.longer D.more carefully

[参见上题解析。louder 符合语境。] B.innocent D.independent

18.A.unpleasant C.unwilling 答案 C

[从上文可知 Lainey 不愿意读。] B.worried D.excited

19.A.astonished C.confused 答案 D

[如果提供给 Lainey 感兴趣的读物 ,周围的人参与阅读,她会很愿意读的。根据

20 空后的 interest 可判断出选 excited。] 20.A.presented C.disturbed 答案 A 取代。] Cloze 2 (2016·浙江) 话题 神奇的冒险之旅 词数 342 难度 ★★★ 建议时间 17 分钟 B.concerned D.replaced

[参见上题解析。present 提供,赠送;concern 关系到;disturb 打扰;replace

During the war,my husband was stationed at an army camp in a desert in California.I went to live there in order to be __1__ him.I hated the place.I had never ____2__been so unhappy.My husband was ordered out on a long term duty,and I was left in a tiny shack(棚屋) alone.The heat was__3__—almost 125° F even in the shade of a cactus(仙 人掌).__4__a soul to talk to.The wind blew non-stop,and all the food I ate,and the very air I breathed,were__5__ with sand,sand,sand! I was so sorry for myself that I wrote to my parents.I told them I was __6__ and coming back home.I said I couldn’t stand it one minute longer.I __7__ be in prison! My father answered my __8__with just two lines—two lines that will always sing in my__9__—two lines that completely changed my life:

Two men looked out from prison bars, One saw the mud,the other saw the stars.
I read those two lines __10__.I was ashamed of myself.I made up my mind I would find out what was good in my present __11__;I would look for the stars.

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I made friends with the natives,and their __12__ amazed me.They gave me presents of their favorite artworks which they had __13__ to sell to tourists.I studied the delightful forms of the cactus.I watched for the desert sunsets, and __14__ for seashells that had been left there millions of years ago when the sands of the desert had been an ocean __15__. What brought about this __16__ change in me? The desert hadn’t changed,__17__ I had.I had changed my __18__.And by doing so,I changed an unhappy experience into the most amazing __19__ of my life.I was excited by this new world that I had discovered.I had looked out of my self-created prison and __20__ the stars. 【语篇导读】 这是一篇夹叙夹议文。作者讲述自己为了离丈夫近一些,住在他所在的沙漠的 军营里,寂寞的生活和艰苦的生活条件让作者难以忍受,她写信告诉父母要回家。父亲给她的 信中就两行字,就是这两行字使作者改变了自己对人生的态度。 1.A.off 答案 C B.behind C.near D.beyond

[考查介词辨析及语境理解。根据上一句,作者的丈夫驻扎在沙漠的兵营中,所以,

作者去和他住在一起是为了住得近一些。故选 C。] 2.A.before 答案 A B.already C.then D.still

[考查副词辨析及语境理解。根据下文的内容可知,在恶劣的沙漠环境中,作者几

乎要放弃,所以,她从来没有这么难过。故选 A。] 3.A.inflexible C.uncontrollable 答案 D B.incomprehensible D.unbearable

[考查形容词辨析及语境理解。根据...—almost 125° F even in the shade of

a cactus(仙人掌)可知,沙漠环境让人难以承受。故选 D。] 4.A.Only 答案 B 故选 B。] 5.A.covered 答案 B 故选 B。] 6.A.catching up C.giving up 答案 C B.keeping up D.getting up B.filled C.buried D.charged B.Not C.Many D.Such

[考查形容词辨析及语境理解。 因为恶劣的沙漠环境, 所以“没有一个人可以说话” 。

[考查动词辨析及语境理解。be filled with...固定短语,意为“充满着??”。

[考查动词短语辨析及语境理解。因为恶劣的沙漠环境,作者几乎要放弃,想要回

家。故选 C。]
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7.A.ought to C.would rather 答案 C

B.might well D.had better

[考查短语辨析及语境理解。根据上一句 I said I couldn’t stand it one minute

longer,所以作者宁愿待在监狱里,也不愿待在那儿。故选 C。] 8.A.request 答案 D B.call C.question D.letter

[考查名词辨析及语境理解。根据下文语境,作者的爸爸回信了,故选 D。] B.imagination D.memory

9.A.comparison C.consideration 答案 D

[考查名词辨析及语境理解。此句指的是“在我的记忆里总是在吟诵的两行话” ,

comparison 表示“比较”; imagination “想象”; consideration “考虑”; memory “记 忆”。故选 D。] 10.A.over and over C.up and down 答案 A B.by and by D.now and then

[考查副词短语辨析及语境理解。over and over 意为“一遍一遍地”。故选 A。] B.occupation D.relationship

11.A.company C.situation 答案 C

[考查名词辨析及语境理解。因为无法改变现在的情况,所以作者下决心找到目前

情况下好的一面。故选 C。] 12.A.movement C.guidance 答案 B B。] 13.A.refused 答案 A B.failed C.managed D.happened B.reaction D.purpose

[考查名词辨析及语境理解。根据下文可知,作者对当地人的反应感到惊讶。故选

[考查动词辨析及语境理解。根据下文可知,当地人把不愿意卖给游客的艺术品送

给了作者。故选 A。] 14.A.asked 答案 B B.hunted C.waited D.headed

[考查动词短语辨析及语境理解。根据下文可知,作者是在寻找贝壳,hunt for 意

为“寻找”。故选 B。] 15.A.floor 答案 A B.surface C.rock D.level

[考查名词辨析及语境理解。根据常识,贝壳是生活在海底的。故选 A。] B.challenging D.astonishing
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16.A.shocking C.puzzling

答案 D

[考查形容词辨析及语境理解。根据上下文的内容可知,作者发生了让人吃惊的变

化。astonishing “使人吃惊的,惊人的”; shocking“令人震惊的”不符合句意 。故选 D。] 17.A.as 答案 B B.but C.for D.or

[考查连词辨析及语境理解。根据前句沙漠并没有改变,和后一句作者改变了,这

两句话之间是转折关系。故选 B。] 18.A.attitude 答案 A B.principle C.identity D.standard

[考查名词辨析及语境理解。作者改变了看待事物的态度。故选 A。] B.operation C.affair D.adventure

19.A.vacation 答案 D

[考查名词辨析及语境理解。根据上文可知,作者把不愉快的经历改变成了我生命

中最神奇的冒险之旅。故选 D。] 20.A.sought 答案 C B.counted C.found D.reached

[考查动词辨析及语境理解。根据上文内容作者克服了恶劣的沙漠环境,改变了看

待事物的态度,找到了“星星”。故选 C。] Cloze 3 (2016·江苏) 话题 一份保险的启示 词数 280 难度 ★★★ 建议时间 18 分钟

Years ago,a critical event occurred in my life that would change it forever.I met Kurt Kampmeir of Success Motivation Incorporation for breakfast.While we were __1__, Kurt asked me,“John,what is your __2__ for personal growth?” Never at a loss for words,I tried to find things in my life that might __3__for growth.I told him about the many activities in which I was __4__.And I went into a __5__ about how hard I worked and the gains I was making.I must have talked for ten minutes.Kurt __6__ patiently,but then he __7__ smiled and said, don’t have a personal plan for growth,do you?” “No”,I __8__. “You know, ” Kurt said simply,“growth is not a(n) __9__ process.” And that’s when it __10__ me.I wasn’t doing anything __11__ to make myself “You

better.And at that moment,I made the __12__:I will develop and follow a personal growth plan for my __13__. That night,I talked to my wife about my __14__ with Kurt and what I had learned.I __15__ her the workbook and tapes Kurt was selling.We __16__ that Kurt wasn’t just
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trying to make a sale.He was offering a __17__ for us to change our lives and achieve our dreams. Several important things happened that day.First,we decided to __18__ the resources.But more importantly,we made a commitment to __19__ together as a couple.From that day on,we learned together,traveled together,and sacrificed together.It was a together. 【语篇导读】 本文是一篇夹叙夹议文。主要讲述了 Kurt 向约翰推销产品时,讲到人生哲理是 个人成长计划,约翰从中获益,从而决定和妻子一起购买这个产品后,开始反思自己的个人成 长,最后作出了英明的决定,受益很大。 1.A.working 答案 D B.preparing C.thinking D.eating __20__ decision.While too many couples grow apart,we were growing

[考查动词辨析。根据前面的 for breakfast 可知,他们正在吃饭。] B.demand C.plan D.request

2.A.suggestion 答案 C

[考查名词辨析。根据下文中的 You don’t have a personal plan for growth,

do you?可知,这里问的是“你的个人成长计划是什么”。] 3.A.appeal 答案 D B.look C.call D.qualify

[考查动词辨析。根据前面的 Never at a loss for words 可知,我尽力找出那些

对成长来说能符合要求的事情。qualify 使具有资格,符合语境。其他三个选项意思在这里 与语境不符。] 4.A.involved 答案 A B.trapped C.lost D.bathed

[考查动词辨析。 我告诉他我所从事的许多活动。 be involved in 涉及, 符合语境。 ] B.speech C.discussion D.debate

5.A.lecture 答案 B

[考查名词辨析。根据上下文内容,特别是 told,talk 可知,这里要用 speech,

我详细说了我工作多么刻苦。] 6.A.calculated 答案 B B.listened C.drank D.explained

[考查动词辨析。根据语境可知,Kurt 耐心地听我说。] B.gradually C.gratefully D.finally

7.A.eagerly 答案 D

[考查副词辨析。根据前面的 I must have talked for ten minutes 可知,他耐心

地听我说,最后才微笑着说。finally 最后,符合语境。] 8.A.admitted 答案 A 承认。]
84

B.interrupted

C.apologized

D.complained

[考查动词辨析。根据下文内容可判断出作者自己没有计划,所以此处要用 admit

9.A.automatic C.independent 答案 A D.changing

B.slow

[考查形容词辨析。根据前面的 you know,再结合下文可知,这里要说的是成长不

是一个自动的过程。automatic 自动的,自然而然的。] 10.A.confused 答案 D B.informed C.pleased D.hit

[考查动词辨析。这时我才想到这一点。固定表达 hit sb 某人突然想到。] B.on purpose D.on balance

11.A.on loan C.on sale 答案 B

[考查介词短语辨析。我并不是有意地做事,目的是使自己变得更好。on purpose

有意地,符合语境。] 12.A.comment C.decision 答案 C B.announcement D.arrangement

[考查名词辨析。 根据下文的 I will develop and follow a personal growth plan...

可知,就在这时,我作出了决定。] 13.A.life C.performance 答案 A D.investment B.progress

[考查名词辨析。此处表示为我的人生制定个人成长计划。] B.conversation D.argument

14.A.contract C.negotiation 答案 B

[考查名词辨析。根据上文两个人的对话可知,那天夜里,我把与 Kurt 的谈话内容

告诉给妻子。] 15.A.lent 答案 C B.sold C.showed D.offered

[考查动词辨析。根据后面 her the workbook and tapes Kurt was selling 可知,

此处表示给某人看东西。] 16.A.recalled 答案 C 17.A.tool 答案 C B.defined C.recognized D.declared

[考查动词辨析。根据上下文可知,这里表示我们认识到 Kurt 不是在制定规则。] B.method C.way D.rule

[考查名词辨析。根据后面的 for us to change our lives and achieve our dreams

可知,他只是提供一个让我们改变生活,并实现梦想的方式。没有 a method for sb to do... 结构。] 18.A.provide 答案 B B.buy C.give D.deliver

[考查动词辨析。根据后面的内容可知,最后我们决定购买。]
85

19.A.grow 答案 A

B.survive

C.move

D.gather

[考查动词辨析。更重要的是,我们保证一起成长。] B.random C.firm D.wise

20.A.difficult 答案 D Cloze 4

[考查形容词辨析。综合这个故事内容可知,作者认为这是英明的决定。] (2015·福建) 话题 咬住你的舌头 词数 304 难度 ★★★ 建议时间 18 分钟

One of the easiest things in the world is to become a fault-finder.However, life can be __1__ when you are not busy finding fault with it. Several years ago I __2__ a letter from seventeen-year-old Kerry, who described herself as a world-class fault-finder, almost always __3__ by things.People were always doing things that annoyed her, and __4__ was ever good enough.She was highly self-critical and also found fault with her friends.She became a really __5__ person. Unfortunately, it took a horrible accident to change her __6__.Her best friend was seriously hurt in a car crash.What made it almost __7__ to deal with was that the day before the __8__, Kerry had visited her friend and had spent the whole time criticizing her __9__ of boyfriends, the way she was living, the way she related to her mother, and various other things she felt she needed to __10__.It wasn’t until her friend was badly hurt that Kerry became __11__ her habit of finding fault.Very quickly, she learned to appreciate life rather than to __12__ everything so harshly(刻 薄).She was able to transfer her new wisdom to other parts of her __13__ as well. Perhaps most of us aren’t as extreme at fault-finding, __14__ when we’re honest, we can be sharply __15__ of the world.I’m not suggesting you __16__ problems, or that

you pretend things are __17__ than they are, but simply that you learn to allow things to be as they are—__18__ most of the time, and especially when it’s not a really big __19__. Train yourself to “bite your tongue”, and with a little __20__, you’ll get really good at letting things go.And when you do, you’ll get back your enthusiasm and love for life. 【语篇导读】 世界上最容易做的事情之一就是成为一个挑剔的人,但是,如果能改变一下的 话,生活也许会是另外一个样子。 1.A.lonely B.great C.quiet D.uneasy
86

答案 B

[考查形容词辨析。如果能不忙着找别人的毛病,生活会十分棒。] B.answered C.expected D.rejected

2.A.received 答案 A

[考查动词辨析。几年前,我收到了一封来自十七岁的 Kerry 的信。收到来信用

receive, answer a letter 回信;expect 期待;预料;reject 拒绝。] 3.A.threatened C.bothered 答案 C B.interrupted D.spoiled

[考查动词辨析。Kerry 在信中描述自己是一个世界级的挑剔者,总是会受到别的

事情的干扰。bother 烦扰;操心;threat 威胁;interrupt 打断;spoil 溺爱。] 4.A.anything C.something 答案 D B.everything D.nothing

[考查代词。在 Kerry 看来,人们总是做一些让她烦恼的事情,什么事都不够好。

只有 nothing 表示此处 Kerry 作为一个超级挑剔者的特点。] 5.A.caring C.interesting 答案 B B.boring D.surprising

[考查形容词辨析。Kerry 不仅挑剔自己,也总是找别人的毛病,她真的变成了一

个 boring(令人厌烦的)人。] 6.A.attitude C.measure 答案 A B.plan D.explanation

[考查名词辨析。不幸的是,改变她的态度是以一场可怕的事故为代价的。measure

丈量;衡量;explanation 解释。] 7.A.urgent C.certain 答案 D B.unnecessary D.impossible

[考查形容词辨析。urgent 紧急的;unnecessary 不必要的;certain 肯定的;

impossible 不可能的。] 8.A.occasion C.accident 答案 C 9.A.memory 答案 D B.event D.adventure

[考查名词辨析。根据上文可知,在这场事故之前,Kerry 拜访了她的朋友。] B.notice C.evidence D.choice

[考查名词辨析。Kerry 拜访了她的朋友,不停地批评她朋友选择男朋友(的问题)、

她生活的方式问题、她和她父母相处的问题以及各种各样她觉得她需要表达的问题。] 10.A.hear 答案 C B.contribute C.express D.admit

[考查动词辨析,解析见上题。]
87

11.A.aware of C.curious about 答案 A

B.afraid of D.confused about

[考查形容词短语的辨析。直到她朋友受了重伤之后,她才意识到自己的(乱挑剔)

的习惯(可能会给别人带来严重的后果)。become aware of 意识到;be afraid of 害怕;be curious about 好奇;be confused about 困惑。] 12.A.discuss 答案 C B.realize C.judge D.settle

[考查动词辨析。从那之后,很快地,她开始学着欣赏生活而不是刻薄地去评判任

何事。judge 判断,评判;discuss 讨论;realize 意识到;settle 解决。] 13.A.family 答案 B 14.A.so 答案 C B.life C.career D.education

[考查名词辨析。她能够把她的新的智慧也传递到她的生活中的其他部分。] B.or C.but D.for

[考查连词。也许我们大部分人都不是很挑剔,但是诚实地说,我们可能会对这个

世界十分的挑剔。此处表示转折关系。] 15.A.proud 答案 D 16.A.face 答案 D B.sure C.hopeful D.critical

[考查形容词辨析。本文的主题词 fault-finder 对应 critical。] B.create C.solve D.ignore

[考查动词辨析。发现了问题,我不是建议你去忽略这些问题。或者假装这些事比

他们事实上好。] 17.A.rarer 答案 B B.better C.stranger D.worse

[考查形容词辨析。解析见上题。] B.at last C.by far D.so far

18.A.at least 答案 A 19.A.task 答案 B

[考查介词短语辨析。但是要至少大部分时间学会允许这些事情的存在。] B.deal C.result D.duty

[考查名词辨析。特别是不是什么大事的时候。big deal 大事。] B.speech C.rest D.pity

20.A.practice 答案 A

[考查名词辨析。训练自己“咬住自己的舌头”,少说话,多这样做,你会真的学

会放手了。practice 做法,实践。] Cloze 5 (2015·浙江) 话题 实现个人价值 词数 334 难度 ★★★ 建议时间 18 分钟

Since finishing my studies at Harvard and Oxford,I’ve watched one friend after another land high-ranking,high-paying Wall Street jobs.As executives (高级管理人
88

员) with banks,consulting firms,established law firms,and major corporations,many are now __1__ on their way to impressive careers.By society’s __2__,they seem to have it made. On the surface,these people seem to be very lucky in life.As they left student life behind,many had a __3__ drink at their cheap but friendly local bar,shook hands with longtime roommates,and

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