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高考英语任务型阅读-七选五解读课件


高考英语任务型阅读——七选五解读

Teaching aims: (教学目标)

● 了解“七选五”的特点、掌握解这类题的技
巧。

● 利用“七选五”的特点及解题技巧解题。

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考纲解读:
七选五阅读主要考查考生对文章整体内容,结构以 及上下文逻辑的理

解和掌握。

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试题模式:给出一篇缺少5个句子的文章,对应
有7个选项,要求同学们根据文章结构、内容, 选出正确的句子,填入相应的空白处。

选项特点: 主旨概括句(文章整体内容)
过渡性句子(文章结构) 注释性句子(上下文逻辑义)

设空类型:一般有标题类,段落主题句类,段尾
总结类,过渡句类,细节类。

解题技巧

细节类题型解题技巧

1)词汇复现法
复现是保证文章前后衔接而经常使用的 一种写作手段,即作者在文章上下文不同的 位置对同一个概念进行重复描述,从而使得 同样的意思在文章中不同的地方重复出现。 复现的形式主要是指主要是指同词(同源词) 复现、同(近)义词复现、反义词复现等。

(2010全国课标卷)
…During my first meeting, I presented and then opened the floor to questions. 71 D . My first reaction was to answer defensively. …
B. Restate(重述) the question with respect. C. Some ideas can be quite concrete. D. There were many difficult questions.

同词

(2012辽宁卷)
There are times in our lives such as when we have recently moved into a new town, or changed our jobs or schools. Such changes often leaves us without a friend 71 . But for E many of us the process is difficult and requires courage….

D. Try not to find fault with your friends. E. Making new friends comes easy for some people. F. For a friendship to develop you need to stay in touch.

反义词

2)词汇同现法
词汇同现是指属于同一词汇搭配范畴或 者某一领域的词汇在文章中同时出现,达到 语义衔接的目的。你可以在选项中找到与此 词汇最接近的词,从而达到快而准。一般来 说,上下文中词汇的范畴越小,上下文的衔 接关系越紧密。

词汇同现(同一词汇范畴)(2011课标全国卷)
Parents should help their children understand money. 71 G so you may start talking about money when your child shows an interest in buying things, candy or toys, for example. D. Talk yourself what things that cost money are most important to you. E. Ask yourself what things that cost money are most important to you. G. The best time to teach a child anything about money is when he shows an interest.

2)代词线索法
英语表达中,代词出现的频率极高,代词的 作用是用来指代前面面提及的名词或句子。

(2012全国课标卷)
Try taking these four steps. the next time you are stressed: (1) Get support. When you need help, reach out to the people who care about you. Talk to “trusted adult, such as “parent or other relatives. 72 They might have had similar problems, F such as dealing with a test, or the death of a beloved pet.

D. Ah, it feels so good when the stress is gone. E. You need to figure out what the problem is. F. And don't forget about your friends.

___73___ A They say the first step is to admit that you are angry and to recognize the real cause of the anger,… A. Doctors say the solution is learning how to deal with anger. B. He said that laughter is much healthier than anger. C. Anger is a normal emotion that we all feel from time to time.

3)逻辑关系线索法
并列与递进关系:and, also, further, moreover, what’s more, either…or…, neither…nor…, not only…but also, firstly, secondly, thirdly…. 等; 因果关系:so, therefore, thus, hence, accordingly, consequently, as a result等; 转折与让步关系:however, nevertheless, fortunately, on the contrary, though, yet, otherwise, while, even if, despite, in spite of, rather than等。

逻辑关系线索 (并列或递进关系)(2012辽宁卷)
The best way to enjoy your friendship is to allow your friends to be themselves. 75 D Try not to change them from who they are to what you want them to be. Become the kind of friend you will want your friend to be to you.

B. Do things together. C. Do not wait to be spoken to. D. Try not to find fault with your friends.

逻辑关系线索 (转折关系)(

It is generally accepted that the best way to learn a language is to totally involve yourself in its culture by living in the country where it is spoken. --------A
A. But many find packing up and moving to another country is not a practical option. B. Now, more and more companies are offering customers the chance to rent movies online.

C. Choose the movie you want to watch.

逻辑关系线索 (因果关系)(2012辽宁卷)
It is a good thing to stay in touch. However, try not to press your new friend with calls, messages or visits as this would likely wear him or her out and finally you may lose your friend. 74 . The best friendships are the ones that grow naturally.

E. Making new friends comes easy for some people. F. For a friendship to develop you need to stay in touch. G. So you will need to give your friend time to react to you.

(2011辽宁卷)
Everyone is forgetful, but as we age, we start to feel like our brains are slowing down a bit—and that can be a very annoying thing. 71 Read on for some techniques worth trying. D. So take a few minutes each day to do some reading. F. Luckily, research shows there is a lot you can do to avoid those moments. G. In other words, when you take care of your body, you take care of your brain.

解题技巧

篇章结构类题解题技巧

根据空格所在位置确定不同的解题策略
1)如果空格在段首或为段落标题 通常是段落主题句。认真阅读后文内容,根据段落一致性 原则,查找同义词或其他相关的词,推断出主题句。关注 每段首尾句,了解大意知主题 。 2)如果空格在段尾

通常是结论、概括性语句。注意在选项中查找表示结果、 结论、总结等的信号词,如therefore, as a result, thus, hence, in short, to sum up, to conclude, in a word等 词语,选项中也可发现前文的同义词句。

空格为段落标题 (2010课标全国卷)
● 73 When a person is asking a question, show interest and a desire to understand the question by listening and asking for clarification.

A. Show your true interest. B. Restate the question with respect. C. Some ideas can be quite concrete.

空格在段尾 (2011辽宁卷)
By the time I was 12, My grandmother thought I had done such a good job that she promoted me to selling cosmetics (化妆品). I developed the ability to look customers directly in the eye. Even though I was just a kid, women would ask me such things as “ What color do you think I should wear?” I took a real interest in their questions and was able to translate what they wanted into makeup(化妆) ideas. 74 C. I ended my selling a record amount of cosmetics. D. Today I still carry that lesson with me: I listen to customers. E. My grandma’s trust taught me how to handle responsibility.

Summary (总结)
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七选五阅读理解题的解题技巧: ◆速读全文,关注每段首尾句,了解大意知主题 ◆浏览选项,理解全篇逻辑关系,找出关键词 ◆运用上下文所重复的关键词推断 ◆利用同义词、近义词、反义词关系 ◆利用同一范畴或领域的词的关系 ◆利用代词、冠词的暗示 ◆理清结构与逻辑关系,确定答案

解题步骤:
? ? ? ? ? ? 1.看标题、副标题预测文章大意 2.看选项,找出和文章相对应的关键词 3.通读全文,查看主题句,分析结构 4.看空前空后内容,分析之间的逻辑性 5.灵活掌握答题顺序(先易后难) 6. 代入答案,重点核查逻辑关系。

Step 4: Teacher’s Inquiry & Class Discussion 教师提问、全班讨论

Read the procedures to deal with this type of test question

and finish off Exercise 1 on the paper, using the techniques
you have learned.

Homework (作业)

1.Revise the content learnt today.
2.Finish off Exercise 3 on the paper.

Step 2: (in groups) Preview, Query &Discussion (小组内) 预习、质疑、讨论 1. Go through the materials: Part 1 on the paper, underlining and circling the important information,

and marking the parts that you have the problems
with. 2. Work in groups cooperatively. (six students as a group): Discuss the questions raised by each group members.

Step 3: Discuss and solve the problem among Groups小组讨论解决问题

Each group discuss the questions on the paper and
have them solved with the help of the classmates and teacher.

Step 5: Students checking each other in pairs through questions on the paper 互相检测

Finish off Exercise 2 on the paper individually, and then check the answers in pairs.


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