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课时作业19(2015届湖北红对勾高三一轮复习)


课时作业 19
Ⅰ.多项选择

Unit 4

Body language

1.At the class meeting, some top students introduced several ________ to the study of English. A.approaches C.methods

B.means D.ways

解析:approach(es) to??的方法。means 和 method 表达此意 时常和 of 连用;way 可和 of 连用也可接 to do。 答案:A 2. Don't blame them any more—this is ________ because they are still young and lack experience. A.exactly C.eventually B.simply D.generally

解析:simply 仅仅。句意:不要再责备他们了——这只是因为他 们年轻,缺乏经验。exactly 的确;eventually 最终;generally 一般 说来。 答案:B 3.—Look, John's fallen asleep at work! —Oh, he must have ________ late last night. A.waken up C.taken up B.put up D.stayed up

解析:答句句意:昨天晚上他一定是熬夜了。stay up 熬夜,不 睡觉。wake up 醒来;put up 建造,搭起,留宿,张贴,挂起,举起; take up 占去,占据,开始从事,拿起,接收。 答案:D

4.The boy didn't feel completely ________ when he was asked to sing a pop song before the whole class. A.in surprise C.in danger B.at ease D.at present

解析: 句意: 当这名男孩被要求当着全班的面唱一首流行歌曲时, 他感到不自在。at ease 舒适,快活,自由自在。in surprise 惊奇地; in danger 在危险中;at present 现在,目前。 答案:B 5. ________about Chinese culture, more and more foreigners are coming to China to study or work. A.Curious C.Interested B.Respectful D.Proud

解 析 : be curious about 对 ?? 好 奇 ; respectful 恭 敬 的 ; interested 感兴趣的,常与介词 in 连用;proud 骄傲的,常与介词 of 连用。句意:对中国文化感到好奇,越来越多的外国人来中国学习或 工作。 答案:A 6.I went along thinking of nothing ________, only looking at things around me. A.in particular C.in doubt B.in harmony D.in brief

解析:in particular 尤其,特别地。句意:我一路走着没有想什 么特别的事,只是看着我周围的事。in harmony 和谐地;in doubt 怀 疑地;in brief 简单地。 答案:A 7. John Smith, ________the organization he works for, made an

impressive speech at the opening ceremony. A.honoring C.admiring B.mentioning D.representing

解析:represent 代表;honor 尊敬;mention 提到;admire 钦 佩。句意:约翰· 史密斯代表自己工作的组织在开幕式上发表了一个令 人印象深刻的演讲。 答案:D 8.In that country,all the people were united to________their country against enemies. A.preserve C.defend B.prevent D.avoid

解析:defend“保卫,防御 ”,符合句意。 preserve“维持;保 持”;prevent “防止”,常与 from 连用;avoid“避免”。 答案:C 9 . The parents have ________ their concerns about their children's safety. A.extended C.exposed B.explored D.expressed

解析:句意:父母表达了他们对孩子的安全的担心。express“表 达”,符合句意。extend 延伸;explore 探索;expose 暴露。 答案:D 10. ________,this kind of car is reliable because breakdowns are rare. A.In fact C.In common B.In general D.In time

解析:句意:总的来说,这种车是可靠的,因为很少出故障。in

general 总的来说, 通常。 in fact 事实上; in common 共同地; in time 及时。 答案:B Ⅱ.完成句子 1.He ________________ his promise that he would take good care of his neighbor's pet cat.(turn) 他背弃了他要好好照顾邻居家宠物猫的诺言。 2.We'd better stop complaining and set about realizing what we are dreaming of ________________ the best chance.(case) 我们最好停止抱怨,着手于实现我们的梦想以免错过最好的机 会。 3.Men, according to the study, ________________ suffer from a heart disease than women if they are addicted to smoking.(likely) 通过研究发现,如果他们都沉溺于吸烟的话,男人比女人更可能 患心脏病。 4.The foreigner can't speak Chinese, ________________ what these actors are singing.(nor) 那位外国人不会说中文,也不懂这些演员们在唱什么。 5.It is the glorious duty for every soldier __________.(defend) 对于每位士兵来说,卫国抗敌是很光荣的职责。 6.You should concentrate on what your teacher said in class and ________________ again.(avoid) 在课堂上你应该全神贯注于老师的讲课,避免又犯同样的错误。 7.After the middleterm examination, my teacher wrote me a letter, ________________ than ever before.(inspire) 期中考试后,我的老师给我写了一封信,鼓励我比以前要更加努

力学习。 8 . In Beijing Olympic games, the Chinese team got 51 gold medals, ________________ of all the competing countries.(rank) 在北京奥运会上,中国队获得了 51 枚金牌,在所有参赛国家里 排名第一。 9.With ________________, the weather is becoming warmer and warmer.(approach) 随着春天的临近,天气变得越来越暖和。 10.Bill was seen ________________ the flower garden.(enter) 有人看见比尔是第一个进入花园的人。 答案与解析 1. turned his back to 本题考查 turn 相关短语用法。 turn one's

back to sth. 背弃,背对;根据题干可判断时态为一般过去时,故用 turned his back to。 2. in case of missing 以免做某事,防止某事。 3.are more likely to sb. be likely to do 很有可能做某事;根据 考查 case 的用法。 in case of sth./doing sth.

汉语提示及题干中的 than 得知本题为比较级,需用 are more likely to。 4 . nor does he know/understand 本题考查倒装用法。 nor,

neither, little, never 等表示否定意义的词置于句首,其后的句子要用 部分倒装。因此根据汉语提示,本句应将助动词 does 提前。 5.to defend the country from/against the enemy It is+adj./n.

+to do sth. 为固定结构。defend sb./sth. from/against sth. 保护?? 不受/免遭。 6.avoid making the same mistake 本题考查动名词作宾语。

avoid sth./avoid doing sth. 避免某物/做某事。make the same mistake 犯同样的错误。 7.inspiring me to study harder 考查现在分词作后置定语。

inspire sb. to do sth. 鼓励/激励某人做某事,分析题干得知,缺失部分 作 letter 的定语。 8.ranking first 考查现在分词作状语。rank 作为排名讲为不

及物动词,故用现在分词作状语。 9.spring approaching 考查 with 的复合结构。 approach 与

spring 之间是逻辑上的主谓关系,表主动,所以用 approach 的现在 分词的形式。 10. to be the first to enter 考查不定式的用法。 (1)序数词后面通

常接不定式。(2)在表示“看见,观察”等意思的动词的被动语态应用 带 to 的不定式作主语补足语。 Ⅲ.完形填空 Body language is the quiet, secret and most powerful language of all! It speaks __1__ than words. According to specialists, our bodies send out more __2__ than we realize. In fact, nonverbal (非言语) communication takes up about 50% of what we really __3__. And body language is particularly __4__ when we attempt to communicate across cultures. Indeed, what is called body language is so __5__ a part of us that it's actually often unnoticed. And misunderstandings occur as a result of it. __6__, different societies treat the __7__ between people differently. Northern Europeans usually do not like having __8__ contact (接触) even with friends, and certainly not with __9__. People from Latin American countries, __10__, touch each other quite a lot. Therefore, it's possible that in __11__, it may look

like a Latino is __12__ a Norwegian all over the room. The Latino, trying to express friendship, will keep moving __13__. The Norwegian, very probably seeing this as pushiness, will keep __14__—which the Latino will in return regard as __15__. Clearly, a great deal is going on when people __16__. And only a part of it is in the words themselves. And when parties are from __17__ cultures, there's a strong possibility of __18__. But whatever the situation, the best 1. A.straighter C.harder 2. A.sounds C.feelings 3. A.hope C.discover 4. A.immediate C.important 5. A.well C.much 6. A.For example C.However 7. A.trade C.connections 8. A.eye C.bodily 9. A.strangers __19__ is to obey the Golden Rule: treat B.louder D.further B.invitations D.messages B.receive D.mean B.misleading D.difficult B.far D.long B.Thus D.In short B.distance D.greetings B.verbal D.telephone B.relatives others as you would like to be __20__.

C.neighbours 10. A.in other words C.in a similar way 11. A.trouble C.silence 12. A.disturbing C.guiding 13. A.closer C.in 14. A.stepping forward C.backing away 15. A.weakness C.friendliness 16. A.talk C.laugh 17. A.different C.Latino 18. A.curiosity C.misunderstanding 19. A.chance C.result 20. A.noticed C.respected

D.enemies B.on the other hand D.by all means B.conversation D.experiment B.helping D.following B.faster D.away B.going on D.coming out B.carelessness D.coldness B.travel D.think B.European D.rich B.excitement D.nervousness B.time D.advice B.treated D.pleased 答案与解析

1.B speak 指说话的方式,根据第一句判断此处说明身势语的

作用之大,所以应选 B 项,表示“身势语比语言更响亮,身势语胜于 言辞”。 2. D send out 意为“发出,放出”,身势语发出的不是“声

音”“邀请”或“感情”,而是“信息”,所以选用 messages。 3.D hope 意为“希望”;receive 意为“收到”;discover 意

为“发现”;mean 意为“意指,表示??的意思”。根据句意判断 应选 D 项,此处句意“非言语交际实际上占了我们表达的意思的 50%”。 4.C 根据连词 And 可知该句继续说明身势语的作用,所以应 选 C 项,此处句意“当我们试图进行跨文化交际的时候,身势语尤为 重要”。 5. C 该句仍然说明身势语的重要性, 所以选用 much 强调程度, 此处句意“身势语是我们生活中很重要的一部分”。 6.A 下文举例说明身势语造成的误解,所以选 A 项。 7.B 下文讲述了北欧人与拉美人交谈时身体保持的距离,所以 选 B 项。 8.C 根据下文可知北欧人通常不喜欢身体接触,所以选 C 项。 9.A 此处选用 strangers 与前面的 friends 对应。 10. B 拉美人则是另一种情况, 所以选 B 项, 表示“另一方面”。 11.B 下面描述的是北欧人和拉美人交谈的情况,所以选 B 项。 12.D 由于拉美人习惯身体接触,而北欧人却不习惯,所以交

谈中不断躲闪着,看起来就像拉美人在追逐北欧人一样,因此选用 following。 13.A 拉美人想要通过身体接触表示友谊,必然会不断地向对

方靠近,所以选用 closer。

14.C

拉美人想要靠近,北欧人则想要躲开,所以选 C 项表示

“向后倒退”。 15.D 北欧人的躲闪必然使拉美人误以为“冷漠”或“不礼

貌”,所以选 D 项。 16.A 根据上文北欧人与拉美人交谈的例子以及下文的 words

themselves 判断,此处应选用 talk。 17.A 此处句意“当对方是来自不同的文化(背景)的时候”,所

以选 A 项。 18.C 文化背景不同,更有可能产生“误解”,所以选 C 项。 19.D 下文的黄金法则显然是一种“建议”,所以选用 advice。 20.B 根据前面的 treat 判断此处应用其被动语态形式, 所以选 B 项,此处句意“按照你想要被对待的方式对待别人;己所不欲,勿施 于人”。 Ⅳ.阅读理解 Facial expressions carry meaning that is determined by situations and relationships. For example, in American culture (文化)the smile is in general an expression of pleasure. Yet it also has other uses. A woman's smile at a police officer does not carry the same meaning as the smile she gives to a young child. A smile may show love or politeness. It can also hide true feelings. It often causes confusion(困惑) across cultures.For example,many people in Russia consider smiling at strangers in public to be unusual and even improper. Yet many Americans smile freely at strangers in public places (although this is less common in big cities). Some Russians believe that Americans smile in the wrong places; some Americans believe that Russians don't smile enough. In Southeast Asian cultures, a smile is frequently used to cover painful feelings.Vietnamese people may tell a sad story but

end the story with a smile. Our faces show emotions (情感), but we should not attempt to “read” people from another culture as we would “read” someone from our own culture. The fact that members of one culture do not express their emotions as openly as do members of another does not mean that they do not experience emotions. Rather , there are cultural differences in the amount of facial expressiveness permitted. For example, in public and in formal situations many Japanese do not show their emotions as freely as Americans do. When with friends, Japanese and Americans seem to show their emotions similarly. It is difficult to generalize about Americans and facial expressiveness because of personal and cultural differences in the United States. People from certain cultural backgrounds in the United States seem to be more facially expressive than others.The key is to try not to judge people whose ways of showing emotion are different. If we judge according to our own cultural habits, we may make the mistake of “reading” the other person incorrectly. 1.What does the smile usually mean in the U.S.? A.Love. C.Joy. B.Politeness. D.Thankfulness.

2.The author mentions the smile of the Vietnamese to prove that a smile can________. A.show friendliness to strangers B.be used to hide true feelings C.be used in the wrong places D.show personal habits 3.What should we do before attempting to “read” people?

A.Learn about their relations with others. B.Understand their cultural backgrounds. C.Find out about their past experience. D.Figure out what they will do next. 4.What would be the best title for the text? A.Cultural Differences B.Smiles and Relationships C.Facial Expressiveness D.Habits and Emotions 答案与解析 1.C 细节理解题。由第一段第二句可知,在美国文化中,微笑 通常是一种高兴的表示。由此可知,在美国微笑通常意味着高兴。故 选 C 项。 2.B 细节理解题。由第一段最后两句可知,作者列举越南人的

例子是用来说明微笑可以用来掩饰真实的感受。故选 B 项。 3.B 推理判断题。由最后一段可知,在不同的文化中,微笑代

表的含义是不同的。由此得出,在试图“读懂”别人时,先要了解其 文化背景。故选 B 项。 4.C 主旨大意题。本文三个段落的第一句都谈到人们的面部表

情,由此可知,本文的中心和标题应该与人的面部表情有关。故选 C 项。


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