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2014年高考英语总复习(必修4)课时作业18:Unit 3 A taste of English humour


课时作业 18 Unit 3
Ⅰ.单项填空 1.(2013· 大理检测)As a writer,he proved to be________failure,which forced him to go in________search of another way to make a living. A.a;/ C.a;the B./;the D.the;/

A taste of English humour

解析:第一个空后面的 failure 表示“失败的人(或物)”,是可数名词;第二 个空考查固定短语 in search of 寻找。句意:作为一名作家,他是一个失败者, 这迫使他去寻找另外的方式谋生。 答案:A 2. (2013· 海口检测)________that the government can lead us out of the financial crisis,we are optimistic________the future of our country. A.Convinced;about C.Convinced;of B.Convincing;about D.Convincing;of

解析:convince sb.that 使某人确信??;be optimistic about 对??持乐观态 度。句中 convince 与其逻辑主语 we 之间为被动关系,故应用过去分词。 答案:A 3.We have________every difficulty and finished the task on time. A.overcome C.created B.driven D.forced

解析:本题考查动词的词义辨析。句意:我们克服了困难并且按时完成了任 务。overcome 克服,符合句意。drive 驱使,驱动;create 创造;force 强迫。 答案:A 4.—Laura has been ____________ as the secretary from 300 applicants for the job. —How lucky she is!

A.died out C.picked out

B.sorted out D.broken out

解析:句意:“在 300 名求职者中,劳拉被选中当秘书。”“她多幸运 啊!”pick out 挑出,辨别出。die out 灭亡,逐渐消失;sort out 分类;break out 突发,爆发。 答案:C 5.(2013· 吉林市摸底考试)He's perfectly ________ to live in the mountain and paint pictures all day, though he is badly off. A.curious C.anxious B.proud D.content

解析: 句意: 他十分愿意生活在大山里整天绘画, 尽管他贫困潦倒。 content be to do sth. 满足于做某事。 答案:D 6.Your room is always ________. You should get it tidied. A.at a loss C.in a mess B.in danger D.in order

解析: 句意: 你的房间总是很乱。 你应该把它整理一下。 此处用 in a mess (乱 糟糟的),与下文的 You should get it tidied 句意一致。 答案:C 7.Unfortunately the earthquake took place, damaging their house and getting them ________ off than before. A.nearer C.worse B.harder D.better

解析: 句意: 不幸的是, 地震毁了他们的房子, 使得他们更穷了。 badly off“穷 的,缺少的”,为固定短语,worse off 是其比较级形式,此空后有 than,由此 推知应用比较级。 答案:C 8.With so many worries________his mind,he was unable to sleep well for several days. A.filled B.filling

C.to fill

D.being filled

解析:在 with 的复合结构中,如果宾语和宾补是主动关系,用动词- 形 ing 式;如果是被动关系,用动词- 形式。句意:心里有那么多忧虑的事情,他好 ed 多天都无法睡好。 答案:B 9.Miss Antonia has ________ the pupils for hours with stories and jokes. A.ignored C.entertained B.enjoyed D.recognized

解析: 句意: 安东尼小姐在这几个小时中既讲故事, 又讲笑话来逗乐孩子们。 entertain 使欢乐,款待。ignore 不理睬,忽视;enjoy 欣赏,享受??的乐趣; recognize 辨认出,承认,公认。 答案:C 10.—Mr. Smith speaks Chinese fairly well. —So he does. But someone told me he had ________ while working. A.sent it up C.taken it up B.put it up D.picked it up

解析:pick up 此处意为“非正式地,学会某种语言”。 答案: D 11 . In a sport team each player has a clear role , and there are few occasions________members are confused or uncertain of their roles. A.why C.when B.where D.in which

解析:句意:在运动队里每个运动员都分工明确,而且也很少有成员混淆或 不知道自己角色的时候。occasions 为先行词,表示时间,所以后面要用 when 来 引导定语从句。 答案:C 12 . (2013· 河南中原 名校联考 )More than 6 million people ________ by Typhoon Haikui in four provinces, the country's flood control authority said. A.affected C.had been affected B.have been affected D.have affected

解析:people 与 affect 之间为被动关系,用被动语态形式,affect 动作发生 在 said 之前,故 C 项正确。 答案:C 13.When the whole area was ________ by the flood, the government sent food and medicine there by helicopter. A.cut up C.cut down B.cut out D.cut off

解析:句意:当整个地区被洪水隔绝之后,政府通过直升飞机运送食品和药 品。cut up 切碎;cut out “删去;剪除”;cut down“砍倒;削减”;cut off “中 断;切断”。由句意可知选 D。 答案:D 14.She said that she didn't like the painting, but ________ I thought it was very good. A.obviously C.hardly B.personally D.seriously

解析:句意:“她说她不喜欢这幅画,但我个人认为这幅画不错”。 obviously“显而易见地”;hardly“几乎不”;seriously“严肃地”。 答案:B 15.________, my cousin still couldn't get the door open. A.Might she as try C.She might as try B.As she might try D.Try as she might

解析:as 引导让步状语从句,句子需倒装,此处谓语动词提前。 答案:D Ⅱ.阅读理解 (2012· 天津高考) Barditch High School decided to have an AllSchool Reunion. Over 450 people came to the event. There were tours of the old school building and a picnic at Confederate Park. Several former teachers were on hand to tell stories about the old days. Ms. Mabel Yates, the English teacher for over fifty years, was wheeled to the Park. Some eyes rolled and there were a few low groans(嘟囔声)when Ms.Yates was

about to speak. Many started looking at their watches and coming up with excuses to be anywhere instead of preparing to listen to a lecture from an old woman who had few kind words for her students and made them work harder than all the other teachers combined. Then Ms. Yates started to speak: “I can't tell you how pleased I am to be here. I haven't seen many of you since your graduation, but I have followed your careers and enjoyed your victories as well as crying for your tragedies. I have a large collection of newspaper photographs of my students. Although I haven't appeared in person, I have attended your college graduations, weddings and even the births of your children, in my imagination.” Ms. Yates paused and started crying a bit. Then she continued: “It was my belief that if I pushed you as hard as I could, some of you would succeed to please me and others would succeed to annoy me. Regardless of our motives, I can see that you have all been successful in your chosen path.” “There is no greater comfort for an educator than to see the end result of his or her years of work. You have all been a great source of pleasure and pride for me and I want you to know I love you all from the bottom of my heart.” There was a silence over the crowd for a few seconds and then someone started clapping. The clapping turned into cheering, then into a deafening roar(呼喊). Lawyers, truck drivers, bankers and models were rubbing their eyes or crying openly with no shame all because of the words from a long forgotten English teacher from their hometown. 1.What activity was organized for the school reunion? A.Sightseeing in the park. B.A picnic on the school playground. C.Telling stories about past events. D.Graduates' reports in the old building. 2.What can be inferred from Paragraph 2? A.Some graduates were too busy to listen to Ms. Yates' speech. B.Many graduates disliked Ms. Yates' ways of teaching. C.Some people got tired from the reunion activities. D.Most people had little interest in the reunion.

3.We can learn from Ms. Yates' speech that she ________. A.kept track of her students' progress B.gave her students advice on their careers C.attended her students' college graduations D.went to her students' wedding ceremonies 4.What was Ms.Yates' belief in teaching teenagers? A.Teachers' knowledge is the key to students' achievements. B.Pressure on students from teachers should be reduced. C.Hardpushed students are more likely to succeed. D.Students' respect is the best reward for teachers. 5.Which of the following can best describe Ms. Yates? A.Reliable and devoted. C.Proud but patient. B.Tough and generous. D.Strict but caring. 答案与解析 1.C 细节理解题。根据第一段倒数第二句可知,校园团聚的活动内容包

括以前的老师们讲述过去的故事。 2.B 推理判断题。根据第二段内容可推断,当年这位英语老师对学生要

求极其严格, 因此很多学生不喜欢她的教学方式,心理上对这位老师存在排斥情 绪。 3.A 细节理解题。根据第四段内容,特别是该段最后两句可知,虽然学生

们毕业离开了,但是这位老教师仍然随时了解学生们遇到的一切事情。 4.C 细节理解题。根据倒数第三段第一句可知,Ms.Yates 认为,越是被逼

得紧的学生越有可能取得成功。 5.D 推理判断题。通过 Ms.Yates 的讲话可知,她对学生要求非常严格,但 同时她关心每一个学生的成长和进步。故选择 D 项。 Ⅲ.阅读填句 Are you cooperative? Are you a good team member? If so, the future may hold more for you than you think. __1__That's happening in those areas of business and data processing where one person and a computer can replace a team of workers.

But, elsewhere, teamwork is very much alive. High technology has led to a new type of teamwork in a number of fields, including advertising, scientific research, engineering design, architecture and ocean exploration. Through computer networking, scientists, engineers and technicians at different locations—often thousands of miles apart—can work on the same project at once.__2__ Examples—An engineering team can now design and try out a robot system, a new manufacturing process or an entire factory—before it is built.__3__A medical team can simulate (模拟) a dangerous operation before performing it on a patient. Of course, computerassisted team effort doesn't end with investigation and simulation.__4__“CADCAM—computeraided breaking down barriers functions,” between traditional design design and and manufacture—is manufacturing

explains Dr. Prakash Rao, an engineering manager at General engineers follow a product

Electric. “Interdisciplinary (跨学科的)teams and from concept

to production. Everything is interconnected like a network.”

Sometimes, a computeraided effort can extend beyond production. A team that produces robots may use them to explore space and ocean depths.__5__ A.They can exchange ideas,try out different designs and test their results. B.In the future, teamwork will be highlighted by the introduction of new technology. C.An architectural team can do the same with a building or a bridge. D.It ends in the products which are extensions of the traditional design. E. It now usually continues into actual design,manufacturing and testing. F. High technology,some predicted,would make teamwork a thing of the past. G. For hightechnology teamwork, the future seems limitless. 答案 1—5 FACEG Ⅳ.短文改错 (2013· 东北三校第二次联考) Li Yue had been awarded the title of“Star Student of the Week” for which she did for the class.On a hot afternoon of last Saturday,Li Yue, went to downtown and walked from one store to another,looking for the costumes we would wear in the

singing contest.While the rest of us was enjoying our leisure time in cool and comfortable rooms,she spent the whole afternoon searching and selecting.Finally she found the right clothes.Deeply moved by his efforts,we tried our best and won the first prize in the contest. Li Yue is always warmhearted and cared a lot about the class.Besides,she devotes her spare time to help others.She has set a good example for us.However,she deserves the honour and we should learn her. 答案 Li Yue had been awarded the title of“Star Student of the Week” for which she
has what

did for the class.On a hot afternoon of last Saturday, Yue, went to downtown and Li
the

walked from one store to another,looking for the costumes we would wear in the singing contest.While the rest of us was enjoying our leisure time in cool and
were

comfortable rooms,she spent the whole afternoon searching and selecting.Finally she found the right clothes.Deeply moved by his efforts,we tried our best and won the
her

first prize in the contest. Li Yue is always warmhearted and cared a lot about the class.Besides,she
cares

devotes her spare time to help others.She has set a good example for us.However,
helping Therefore

she deserves the honour and we should learn

∧ her.
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