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【志鸿优化设计】2014高中英语选修五【配套课件】Unit 13 People13.1


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S ecti Ⅰ on 1

W arm -up & Lesson EQ :I Q

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Read the text “ Success comes with a high EQ”and fill in the follo

wing blanks. Title: Success comes with a high EQ 1. about the role of IQ Some students think that IQ alone determines how well they are going to do in life. ●At work, 2. 3. . gets you hired, EQ gets you but in success Description of the relationship between EQ and IQ according to Professor Salovey

●When predicting someone’ future success, s their 4. might actually matter more than their IQ.

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●Professor Salovey may be 5.

.

●It is generally believed that people with h igh EQs are Comments on Professor Salovey’ theory s 6. to new ideas and have 7. attitudes

towards life and less likely to be troubled by problems. ●When normal students were introduced to students with disabilities, disabled students became more the positive about life and mo re 8. . 10. to try new things. need to do more

Professor Mayer’ study on s senior high school students

Conclusion: is as important, not more important than IQ. get ahead in the world EQ if To and lead a happy successful life requires a high 9. to raise their students’ EQs.

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答案: Misunderstanding 2. 1. IQ 6. open 7. positive 8. willing

3. promoted

4. character EQ/

5. correct/ right

9. EQ 10. Schools

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1. you need to do is ask yourself questions like what you have learnt,what you All did well and what you struggled with or didn’ understand. t (P4) 你需要做的就是问你自己诸如下面这些问题:你已学会了什么, 你什么方面做得 好,你为了什么而努力, 或者你不理解什么。 1)you need to do 为定语从句, 修饰 all, 此处省略了引导词 that。通常, 作主语、表 “ 语或宾语的 all+that+定语从句” 相当于 what 引导的主语从句、表语从句或宾语 从句。 Now all(that)I want to say is the importance of planning. Now what I want to say is the = importance of planning. 现在我想要说的就是计划的重要性。

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当先行词为 all, everything, nothing, something, anything, 等时经常用 that 引导 any 定语从句, 而不用 which。 Something that happened in his childhood changed his life. 在他童年时发生的事改变了他的生活。

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单项填空 I think that we should do A. which all C. that D. all we can to save water. B. what all

提示:所填部分和 we can 一起用作 do 的宾语, 后面的 to save water 为动词不定式 作目的状语, 故可用 what 或 all that。用 what 时 what we can(do)为宾语从句; 用 all that 时 all 为 do 的宾语, 而(that)we can 则为一个定语从句, 此时 that 可以省略。 答案:D

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2)ask yourself questions like.. .实际上是 to ask yourself.. .的省略, 可以省略的原 to 因是前面的主语部分含有实义动词 do。 Everything that you should do now is try to persuade him to change his mind. 你现在要做的是尽力说服他改变主意。 根据汉语提示完成下列句子 ①We had no choice but (步行回家). ②They could do nothing but (请他们父母帮忙) . 答案:① to walk home ② turn to their parents for help

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3)like 后为三个并列的宾语从句, 作介词 like 的宾语。 Ed ison often asked his teacherstrangequestions like why hens could hatch chickens while he himself couldn’ t. 爱迪生常会问他老师诸如为什么母鸡可以孵小鸡而他不能之类的奇怪的问题 。 当介词后的宾语从句是由 that 引导时, that 不可省略。 Dad spoke of that we would spend our holiday in Beijing. 爸爸谈到了我们将去北京度假的事。

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单句改错 In his report he referred to mo re effective measures would be taken to solve the problem. 答案:在第一个 to 后加上 that

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2.Even if they never see their results,they feel that their IQ is what determines how well they are going to do in life. (P8) 即使永远看不到自己的测验结果, 他们(仍然)认为自己的智商决定了将来在生 活中的发展状况。 1)even if“ 即使” , 引导让步状语从句。 Even if I fail this time, would try again. I 即使我这次失败了, 我还要再试试。 even if 相当于 even though“ 即使” as if 相当于 as though“ , 而 好像” , 注意它们的区 别。 He quickly ran home, looking as if there was something wrong with him. 他快步跑回了家, 看上去好像有什么不对劲。

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单项填空 The engineers are so busy that they have zero time for outdoor sports activities, they have the interest. A. wherever C. even if D. if as 提示:句意为“ 工程师们十分忙碌, 即使他们有兴趣, 他们也没有时间进行户外体 育活动” 。根据句意可知, 此处应用 even if 表示“ 即使” 。 答案:C B. whenever

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2)what determines how well they are going to do in life 是一个表语从句, 其中 what 在表语从句中充当主语。在该表语从句中又含有一个宾语从句 how well they are going to do in life。 The question is what could be done about it. 问题是对此我们能够做些什么。 在表语从句中, 如果引导词充当成分, 指人时常用 who(m), 指事(物)时常用 what; 如果引导词引导表语从句且在从句中不充当成分, 常用 that, that 不可省略。 且 What I want to say now is that we should take measures right now. 我现在想要说的是我们应该立刻采取措施。

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单项填空 ①Part of the reason Charles Dickens loved his own novel, David Copperfield, was it was rather closely modeled on his own life. A. what C. why D. whether B. that

提示:此处在 was 后为一个表语从句, 其中表语从句的意义已经完整, 不缺少任何 成分, 故应用 that 引导; 此处 that 虽不作成分, 但不可省略。 答案:B

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②It’not s A. that C. which B. who D. what

we do once in a while that shapes our lives, what we do consistently. but

提示:句意为“ 不是我们偶尔做的事, 而是我们一贯做的事塑造了我们的人生” 。 句子用了 not.. .结构, .but.. 表示“ 不是??, 而是??” , 该结构连接了并列的表语 从句, 故空格处用 what 作 do 的宾语, 指事情。 答案:D

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3. and see your teacher and try to talk him or her into giving you a better Go grade. (P8) 去找你的任课老师, 想法说服他(她)给你提高分数。 talk sb. into doing sth. 说服某人做某事 表示“ 说服某人做某事” 还常用 persuade sb. do sth. persuade sb. to 或 into doing sth.用 persuade sb. to do sth. persuade sb. of doing sth. ; not 或 out 表示“ 说服某人不 要做某事” 。 The boy managed to talk his sister into teaching him the English song. =The boy managed to persuade his sister to teach/into teaching him the English song. 那个男孩设法说服了他姐姐教他那首英语歌曲。

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根据汉语提示完成下列句子 ①Why not try to ②At last Tom (说服她改变主意)? (说服我不告诉老师那件事).

答案:① talk her into changing her mind/persuade her to change(into changing)her mind ② persuaded me not to tell/out of telling the teacher about that

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4. Draw up an agenda and discuss it with the group. (P8) 拟定一个日程表,并和你的小组成员讨论。 draw up 草拟, 制定; (车辆等)开近, 走近, 使停下来; 站直身子 They have drawn up a project for developing new markets in Europe. 他们已起草了一个开发欧洲新市场的计划。 A car drew up and a well-dressed woman got off. 一辆车开近, 一位衣着讲究的女子下了车。 draw on 到来, 临近 draw back 退回 draw off 撤退 draw in(火车等)到站; 使参加; (白天)逐渐变短 draw out(火车等)缓缓开出; (白天)逐渐变长; 拉长, 延长 draw near 靠近, 接近
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用适当的介词或副词填空 ①With night drawing ②Sandy drew it got colder and colder. from the dog when it barked at her. . . for a new school next year.

③It is early October, the days are drawing so ④Plans are being drawn

⑤With the approach of spring the days begin to draw 答案:①on/near ② back ③ in ④up ⑤ out

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5. work,it is IQ that gets you hired but it is EQ that gets you promoted. At (P8) 在职场上, 一个人的智商决定了他能否被录用, 而情商则决定了他能否得到提拔。 1)这是一个并列句, 其中两个分句都是强调句, 其基本结构为: s+被强调部分 It’ +that/who+其他成分。 It’ David that/who helped me a lot when I was in trouble. s 在我处于困境中时是戴维帮了我很多。 对疑问句进行强调时应用“ 疑问词+is it that+其他成分” 。而强调句的一般疑问 句形式是:Is it+被强调部分+that.. .? Where is it that they will have the match? 他们将在哪儿举行那场比赛? Is it on a Sunday morning that you went hiking? 你们是在一个周日的上午进行徒步旅行的吗?
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单项填空 ①Was it on a lonely island A. where C. which D. what he was saved one month after the boat went down? B. that

提示:这是一个强调句, 被强调部分为地点状语 on a lonely island。 答案:B

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②At that time we wondered go on strike. A. what; that C. that; what B. what /; D. that /;

it was

made the staff in Australian airports

提示:在 wondered 后为一个宾语从句, 从句中缺少主语, 故引导词为 what; 宾语从 句对 what 作出强调, 故后一空用 that。 答案:A

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2)get you hired“ 让你被雇用” you promoted“ , get 让你被提升” 。get sb. /sth. done 表 示“ 让某人被??/让某事被做” 。 You must get the clothes washed. 你得把衣服洗了。 单项填空 Alexander tried to get his work A. recognise to C. recognise D. recognised in the medical circles. B. recognising

提示:句意为“ 亚历山大试图让自己的工作在医学界得到认可” 。get sth. done“ 让 某件事被做” 。 答案:D

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6. Supported by his academic research,Professor Salovey suggests that when predicting someone’ future success,their character,as measured by EQ s tests,might actually matter more than their IQ. (P8) 萨洛维教授以自己的学术研究作为依据, 认为预测一个人未来的成功, 其性格 (可用 EQ 来测量),实际上比其智力(可用 IQ 测量)的作用更为重要。 1)supported by his academic research 为过去分词短语, 在句中充当状语。support 和句子主语 Professor Salovey 之间为被动关系, 故用过去分词作状语。 Seriously injured, had to be taken to hospital immediately. he 受伤很重, 他必须立刻被送往医院。

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单项填空 alone in the large house, little boy had to learn to survive on his own. the A. Left C. leave To D. Being left B. Leaving

提示:句意为“ 被单独留在一栋大房子里, 那个小男孩不得不学着独立生存” 。 leave 和句子主语 the little boy 之间为被动关系, 故用过去分词作状语。 答案:A

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2)predict vt. vi. 预言, & “ 预料, 预测” , 后可跟名词、代词或从句作宾语, 常用于 be predicted to do/that.. .结构中, 表示“ 被预测做??” 。 The report predicted that more jobs would be lost in the coal industry. 这个报告预测煤炭业将会失去更多的工作岗位。 The rate of unemployment is predicted to increase by 20% by the end of the year. 据预测, 到年底失业率会增长百分之二十。 It’ predicted that the world economy will develop fast in the coming year. s 根据预测, 世界经济将在来年快速发展。 prediction n. 预测, 预报, 预告 predictable adj. 可预见的, 可预料的 predictor n. 预示物, 预测器

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用 predict 的适当形式填空 ①Without reliable data, ②The national public debt is ③High blood pressure is a strong has no foundation. almost to double in the next decade. of heart attacks. ④predictable

④I knew you’ say that—you’ so d re ! 答案:① prediction ②predicted ③ predictor

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3)该句为一个主从复合句, Professor Salovey suggests 是主句, 引导的是一个宾 that 语从句, 在这个宾语从句中, 主干为 their character might actually matter more than their IQ。其中 when predicting someone’ future success 为时间状语从句的省略 s 形式, as measured by EQ tests 是 as it is measured by EQ tests 的省略表达形式。 而

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在 when, while, until, even though, soon as, unless, if, as as, once 等引导的状语从句中, 若从句的主语和主句的主语一致, 且从句含有动词 be, 可将从句主语和动词 be 一 起省略, is 也常可省略。 it If not dealt with, situation will become worse. the 如果不处理, 情况会变得更加糟糕。 When walking in the street, saw a very strange dog. I 在街上走着的时候, 我看见了一条十分奇怪的小狗。 If(it is)possible, want to avoid alcohol. you 如有可能, 你应避免饮酒。

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单项填空 ①The experiment shows that proper amounts of exercise, if improve our health. A. being carried out C. carried out B. carrying out D. carry out to regularly, can

提示:if 后面的条件状语从句主语和宾语从句主语 proper amounts of exercise 一 致, exercise 与 carry out 之间为被动关系, 且 故可省去主语和 be 动词。 答案:C

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②When A. completed

, museum will be open to the public next year. the B. completing

C. being completed D. be completed to 提示:句意为“ 博物馆完成时将在明年对公众开放”从句的主语与主句的主语一 。 致, 都是 the museum, complete 与 the museum 之间为被动关系, 且 故从句主语与 be 动词可一起省略。 答案:A

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7. For example, have you ever wondered why some of the smartest students in your class, who you think deserve good grades, sometimes end up failing exams?( P8) 例如, 你想过为什么班里有些你认为应该得到好分数的最聪明的学生 , 有时结果 会考不及格呢? 1) 这是一个主从复合句, why 引导的是一个宾语从句, 其中 who you think deserve good grades 为一个非限定性定语从句, 修饰前面的 the smartest students, you think 为插入语。 Fred is the student who I think will be the winner in the match. 弗雷德是我认为会在比赛中获胜的学生。 可以用作插入语的结构有: you think, you believe, you suppose, you do do do do guess, you imagine, think, guess, believe 等。 can I I I

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单项填空 You’ better, think, d I A. gives C. give 形 give。 答案:C D. giving him a hand when necessary. B. give to

提示:题干中 I think 是一个插入语, 理解时可不考虑。故在 had better 后跟动词原

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2)deserve 应得, 值得, 应受 You’ been working all morning—you deserve a rest. ve 你已经工作一个上午了, 该休息一下了。

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deserve to do 值得做 deserve to be done=deserve doing 应当被?? deserve well/ill of 应受到??的(不)好的对待 deserving adj. 值得的, 应得的 You deserve a reward for being so helpful. 你帮了这么大的忙, 理应受到奖励。 He deserves to be sent to prison. =He deserves sending to prison. 你应当被送往监狱。 No one could have been more deserving than you. 没有人比你更受之无愧的了。 All parents deserved well of their children. 所有的父母都应该受到他们子女的好的对待。
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根据汉语提示完成下列句子 ① Our team practiced and (值得赢得比赛). ② The student who is always diligent (值得受到表扬). 答案:① deserved to win the match ② deserves praising(to be praised)

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8. is generally believed that people with high EQs are open to new i deas and have It positive attitudes towards life. (P9) 人们通常认为高情商的人善于接受新观点,对生活持积极的态度。 It is believed that.. .表示“ 人们相信??, 据说??” , 其中 it 为形式主语, 后面的 that 引导主语从句。 It’ believed that Chinese first invented the compass. s 据说是中国人最早发明指南针的。

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report, think, say, require, broadcast, know 等动词常可用于此结构, 同时许多形容词 也可用于此结构。 It’ reported that more than five hundred people lost their lives in the flood. s 据报道五百多人在洪水中丧生。 Is it true that the expert will give us a lecture on how to learn English next Monday? 那位专家下周一将为我们作关于如何学好英语的演讲是真的吗?

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单项填空 in the regulations that you should not tell other people the password of your e-mail account. A. What is required C. is required D. requires It It 提示:句意为“ 规则中要求你不应该告诉别人你电子邮箱账户的密码” 句中 that 。 引导的是一个主语从句, 故前面应用 it 作形式主语; s required that.. It’ .表示“ ?? 被要求??” 。 答案:C B. What requires

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9. the other hand,there is little doubt that people with low EQs often have On problems getting on with other people and dealing with di fficult situati ons;thus they have a harder time surviving in life. (P9) 另一方面,毫无疑问的是低情商的人经常在与别人相处和处理困难形势时有问 题,因此他们会生活得比较艰难。 1)there is little doubt that.. 毫无疑问” .“ , 近似于 there is no doubt that..其中 that 引 ., 导同位语从句。 There is little doubt that the product has shortcomings. 几乎可以肯定的是这种产品有它的缺点。

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在 possibility, news, information, fact, word(消息), chance 等名词后常常也可用同位 语从句。 The news that Li Hua is going to study abroad proves wrong. 李华将到国外学习的消息证明是错误的。

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单项填空 a certain doubt among the people as to the practical value of the project. A. has It B. They have C. remains It D. There remains 提示:句意为“ 在人们中间关于这个计划的实际价值还存有疑虑” 。此处 remain 作系动词, 代替 there is.. .doubt that 结构中的 is, there remains doubt that.. .表示“ ?? 还存有疑虑” 。 答案:D

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2)have problems doing sth. 做某事有困难” doing 前还可加上介词 in。 “ , 在 The boy is six years old, he still has problems talking. but 那个男孩六岁了, 但他说话仍然有问题。 have problems with sth. 在某件事上有困难” “ 。另外, have trouble/difficulty(in)doing 相当于 have problems(in)doing, have trouble/difficulty with sth. 相当于 have problems with sth. 。

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单项填空 I had great difficulty A. find C. find D. to finding 提示:句意为“ 我在那家餐馆的菜单上难以找到合适的食物” 。have difficulty(in)doing sth. 表示“ 做某事有困难” 。 答案:D the suitable food on the menu in that restaurant. B. found

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10. They also showed a better understanding of the disabled students’feelings compared to students who had not been involved in the study. (P9) 同其他没有参加研究的学生相比, 他们更能理解残疾学生的情感。 1)understanding“ 理解” , 一般用作抽象名词, 此处是抽象名词具体化, 常用结构 have a good understanding of.. 对??能很好地理解” .“ 。 A language student should have a good understanding of the country where the language is spoken. 学习语言学的学生应当熟知说该语言的国家的国情。 success, failure, surprise, shame, shock, knowledge 等抽象名词也常可具体化, 其前可 用不定冠词修饰。 As an actress, is really a success. she 作为一名女演员, 她的确是一位成功者。
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单项填空 —Nancy really likes reading. —So she does. always goes to the library nearly once She surprise to us all. A. a a; B. the the; C. 不填 a; D. one; a 提示:句意: ——南希真是喜欢读书。——的确如此, “ 她总是每天去一次图书馆, 这令我们大家都很吃惊。” once a day“ 每天一次” , 此处 a 表示“ 每一” ; 后一空用 a, surprise 表示“ a 令人吃惊的事” 。 答案:A day, which is really

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2)compared to“ 和??相比” , 也可表达为 compared with。 Compared to investing, keeping one’ savings in the bank also means avoiding risk. s 与投资相比, 把储蓄的钱存在银行里也意味着规避风险。 compare.. .“ .to.. 把??比作??” , compare.. .with.. 把??和??相比” .“ 。 We often compare teachers to gardeners. 我们常把老师比作园丁。 I compared the copy with the original, and there was not much difference. 我比较了复印件和原件, (它们)差别不是很大。

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根据汉语提示完成下列句子 ①After finishing your homework, you can ②People often (把孩子比作花朵). (和你的同桌对比一下答案).

答案:①compare your answers with your deskmate’ s ②compare children to flowers

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11. The results of studies such as these show that EQ is as important,if not more important than IQ. (P9) 像这样的研究结果表明情商,如果不比智商更重要,也是与智商同样重要。 这是一个省略句, as important 后省去了 as IQ, 在 而在 if 后省去了 it is。 This book is as interesting, not more interesting than that one. if 这本书如果不比那本书更有趣, 也是与其一样有趣。 根据汉语提示完成句子 Betty is as intelligent, (如果不是比她姐姐更聪明) . 答案:if not more intelligent than her sister

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12. The man was accused of stealing money. (P9) 那个男子被控偷钱。 accuse“ 指控, 指责, 控告” , 常用 accuse sb. sth. 控告或指责某人某事” of “ , 也可用 accuse sb. doing sth. 控告或指责某人做某事” of “ 。 Michael’ uncle was accused of robbery. s 迈克尔的叔叔被指控抢劫。 Many of his friends accused him of telling lies. 他的许多朋友都指责他说谎。

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charge 也可表示“ 指控, 谴责” , 它们所连用的介词不同, accuse 常与 of 搭配, charge 则常与 with 搭配。另外, charge 还可表示“ 要价” , 与介词 for 搭配。 Either side has accused the other of breaking the contract. Either side has charged the = other with breaking the contract. 任何一方都指控另一方毁约。

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用 accuse 或 charge 的适当形式填空 ①On the bus an old lady a young man of stealing her purse. ②The workers the boss with breaking his word. 答案:① accused ② charged

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