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高考英语复习定语从句考点课件(使用)


要学好定语从句需要先准备好以下知识: 一、要会分析句子成分。知道什么是句 子的主语、谓语、宾语、定语、状语 等。 二、清楚定语从句的相关概念,如,什 么是关系代词,关系副词,先行词, 定语从句等。

句子基本成分: 主语 + 谓语 + (宾语) + 状语
谓语指动词的完整形式(包括时态,语 态) 状语包括副词,介词短语,以及动词 的不完整形式(非

谓语动词) 定语: 修饰句子中出现的名词和代词

1.定语: 修饰名词和代词的成分
a beautiful flower a tall boy 2.定语从句: 修饰名词和代词的从句
先行词 定语从句

This is the best film that I have seen.
关系词

关系词的作用 关系词

This is the best film that I have seen.
1) 2) 3)

引导定语从句
代替先行词 在从句中担当一个成分

关系词
1. 关系代词:that, which, who, whom, whose 2. 关系副词:where, when, why 3. 介词+(which, whom) 4. whose 5. 名词/代词/数词+ of + which/whom 参见语法资料P24的介绍

如何选择定语从句关系词
1.判断定语从句,找准先行词 2.将先行词代回定语从句,判断其 在定语从句中充当句子的什么成分 ,从而决定引导定语从句的关系词 是用关系代词 which,who/whom,whose还是用关系 副词when/where/why?

3.如果把先行词代回定语从句,如果 不需要在其前面添加任何介词而句 子完整,则用关系代词 which/that/who/whom,如果需要添 加介词句子才完整,则用关系副词 where/when/why。 4.分析从句的句子结构,在定语从句 中,缺什么,就补什么:缺主或宾 语,用关系代词;缺状语,用关系 副词。

2. The girl ________ could sing well went to Europe. A. who B. whose C. whom D. which
The girl 为先行词,分析从句我们发现,定 语从句中句子缺少了主语。先行词指人,故 定语从句中应该选择关系代词who 或者that, 用来代替先行词做定语从句的主语。故选择A 项.

The famous basketball star, ________ tried to make a comeback, attracted a lot of attention. A. where B. when C. which D. who
先行词The famous basketball star为人, 在定语从句中,作为tried前的主语,代回 定语从句,其前不需加介词,故选D项。

The speaker spoke of some writers and some books ________ were popular then. A. 不填 B. that C. which D. who
先行词既指人又指物时,且在定语从句中 充当主语、宾语、表语等成分时用关系代 词that。代回定语从句,它的前面同样不 能加介词。

1. At the university town ________ he lived, he continued to make music at home with his friends. A. when B. which C. what D. where
本题考查定语从句关系词的选用。先行词the university town 代回定语从句,我们发现 它的前面需添加介词 at 句子才完整,这时 需要选择关系副词 where 或 at which 做定 语从句的地点状语。故选择D项。

If a shop has chairs ________ women can park their men, women will spend more time in the shop. A. that B. which C. when D. where
分析先行词chairs 后的定语从句,我们发现 从句不缺少主语和宾语,先行词代回定语从 句women can park their men in chairs, 从句需添加介词in,故选项应是in which 或 where。

—Why does she always ask you for help? —There is no one else ________, is there? A. who to turn to B. she can turn to C. for whom to turn D. for her to turn
先行词 no one else 作为动词短语turn to 后面的宾语,这时可以使用关系代词 whom, 关系代词做宾语时可以省略。故选B项。

After living in Paris for fifty years he returned to the small town ________ he grew up as a child. A. which B. where C. that D. when
先行词为 the small town ,代回定语从句 he grew up as a child at the small town ,故选择at which 或where

I shall never forget the years ________ I lived in the countryside with the farmers, ________ has a great effect on my life. A. that; which B. when; which C. which; that D. when; who
先行词 the years代回定语从句 , In/During the years, I lived in the countryside with the farmers.故需选择in/during which 。第二 个从句为非限制性定语从句,缺主语指代上文整 句话内容,故选which。B

I bought some books from the bookstore, five ______were English novels. A

A. of which C. that

B. which D. in which

名词/代词/数词+of+ which /whom 引导非限定性定语从句

14. He paid the boy $10 for washing the windows, most of ________ hadn’t been cleaned for at least a year. A. these B. those C. that D. which
先行词the windows为物,在定语从句中, 作为介词of后的宾语,其前不需加介词, 故选D项。

13. Is this the house ________Shakespeare was born? A. at where B. which C. in which D. at which
与第四题比较我们发现本题主句不缺少冠词 the ,主句结构完整。这时我们可以直接把 先行词the house 代回定语从句 Shakespeare was born in the house ,故 需选择in which 或where。

(1) The murder happened in an old building, beside ______ the city police station. A. which are B. it is C. which is D. them are √

(2) Next month we’ll move to a new building, next to _______ a nice restaurant where we can have Chinese food. A. which are B. it is C. which is D. them are √

典型陷阱题分析◆ 2. _____ is known to everybody, the moon travels round the earth once every month. A. It B. As C. That D. What
【陷阱】容易误选 A,应选B

比较下面一题: _______ is known to everybody that the moon travels round the earth once every month. A. It B. As C. That D. What √

David is such a good boy _______ all the teachers like. A. that B. who C. as D. whom
【陷阱】此题容易误选A,许多同学一看到题干中的such, 便认为这是考查such … that …句式。

【分析】答案为C,不是A,因为在such … that … (如此……以至……)结构中,that 引导的是结果状语 从句,并且 that 在从句中不充当句子成分,若在上句填 入 that ,动词like 缺宾语。 所以用as 作关系代词,用以引导定语从句,修饰其前的 名词 boy,同时 as 在定语从句中用作动词 like 的宾语.

(1) David is such a good boy _______ all the teachers like him. √ A. that B. who C. as D. whom

(2) It was not such a good dinner _______ she had promised us.
A. like B. that C. which √ D. as

4. He had thousands of students, many of ______ gained great success in their own field. A. whom B. them C. which D. who
【陷阱】容易误选 B,用 them 代指 students.
【分析】最佳答案是A,many of whom gained great success in their own field 为非限制性定语从句。假若在 many of… 的前面加上连词and,则选答案B.

比较以下各题: 1. He asked a lot of questions, none of ______ was easy to answer. √ A. which B. them C. what D. that

(2) He asked a lot of questions, and none of ______ was easy to answer. A. them B. which √ C. what D. that

3. He told me that he had two girlfriends, neither of _______ knew anything about the other. √ A. whom B. them C. which D. who 4. He told me that he had two girlfriends, and neither of _______ knew anything about the other. A. them B. whom √ C. which D. who

5. He had a lot of friends, only a few of ______ invited to his wedding. A. whom B. them C. which D. who
【陷阱】容易误选 A,认为这是非限制性定语从句。

【分析】最佳答案是B,这不是非限制性定语从句, 而是一个独立主格结构,因为空格后的动词 invited 并不是一个完整的谓语,而是一个过去分词。当然, 假若在 invited 前加上助动词 were,则是一个非限制 性定语从句,答案便应选A

(1) They put forward a lot of plans at the meeting, none of _______ carried out in their work. A. which √ B. them C. what D. that
(2) They put forward a lot of plans at the meeting, but none of _______ were carried out in their work. A. which √ B. them C. what D. that

On Sundays there were a lot of children playing in the park, _______ parents sitting together joking. A.their B. whose √ C. which D. that

On Sundays there were a lot of children playing in the park, and_______ parents sat √ together joking. A. their B. whose C. which D. that

7. If the man is only interested in your looks, ___ just shows how shallow he is. A. as B. which C. what D. that
【陷阱】容易误选A或B,误这是非限制性定语从句。

【分析】正确答案为D,注意逗号前是一个条件 状语从句,逗号后是该状语从句的主句,that 在此代表前文所述的情况,用作主句的主语。

(3) Whether you go or not, _______ is quite all right with me.

A. that B. which √

C. and it

D. so

(4) When I say two hours, _____ includes time for eating.

A. as

B. which

C. what

D. that √

考点:定语从句中主谓一致问题
定语从句中的动词在人称和数方面应该与它 的先行词保持一致。

is 1.I am not one who ______afraid of difficulty.

am 2.Don ’t choose me, who _______not fit for this job.

3. This is one of the best books _______. A. that have ever been written B. that has ever been written C. that has written D. that have written 4. She is the only one of the girls ___ well in class. A. which sings B. who sing C. who sings D. who to sing

难点二:一些特殊词之后的where
where引导的定语从句先行词大多数情况下是 表示地点的名词,但也有特殊情况。

1. I’ve come to the point where I can’t stand him. 我已经到了无法容忍他的地步了。

2. The country is in the situation where a war will break out at any time.
国家正处在随时有可能爆发战争的局势中。

解析:如果定语从句分别修饰point, situation, part, condition和case等表 示抽象意义的词,常用where 引导, 意思是“到了某种地步,在某种境 况中” 。

2. Let me think of a proper situation A this sentence can be used. _______
A、where

B、that C、of whom
D、which

定语从句与强调句

where\that 定语从句 where I borrowed the 1.It is the library_____ book. that I 2.It is from this library____ borrowed the book. 强调句型

3. ---Where did you last see Mr. Smith? ---It was in the hotel____ I lived. A. that B. which C. where D. when

1.指物时只用that 或which 的情况 2.介词+关系代词 3.Whose 用法及转换形式 4.as 与which的区别 5.指人时that 与who的区别

6.如何判断用关系副词还是关系代词
7.定语从句中的主谓一致问题

1.that 与which的选用;that与where/when的选用; 把握命题规律:定语从句可以说是各地 2.“介词+which/whom”结构中介词的选用; 高考必然首先考虑的重要考点,在题目设 3.“介词+which”与when/where间的区别与联系; 计的过程中,常以“介词 +关系代词”引 4.which与as引导非限制性定语从句的区别; 5. “不定代词/数词+of which/whom”与“不定代词/数 导的定语从句为热点,以非限制性定语从 词 +of them ” 的选用; Whose 用法及转换形式 句为重点,以关系副词where引导的定语 6.定语从句中的主谓一致现象。 从句为难点。 7.在疑问句中或倒装句中考查定语从句 8. 通过拆分词组和固定搭配或者添加插入语或状语 来考查定语从句

考点一:that 与which 的区别
1. This is all ____ I know about the matter. A. that B. what C. who D. whether 2. Is there anything else _____ you require? A. which B. that C. who D. what
先行词为all, little, much, 3. The last place _____ we visited was the Great everything, nothing, Wall. something, anything等不定 代词时,关系代词用 A. which B. that C. where D. it that

4. He talked happily about the men and books 先行词被all, little, _____ interested him no, greatly in the school. much, every, 等 A. which B. 修饰时 that C. it D. whom
先行词为 先行词被序数词或最高级修饰先行词前有 5. There is序数词 no dictionary _____ you can find 人和物的 (the first),形容词最高级(the best), everything. 若主句中有疑问代词 who 或 组合 the last, the very, the only 等时。 者 which,为了避免重复, 关 A. that B. which C. where D. in that 系代词不要再用 who, which, 6. Is oxygen而用 the only that。gas _____ helps fire burn?

A. that

B. /

C. which

D. it

7. Which was the hotel _____ was recommended to you?
A. that B. which C. where D. it

考点一:that 与which 的区别
只用that的情况: 1. 先行词为all, little, much, everything, nothing, something, anything等不定代词 2.先行词被all, little, much, every, no, 等修饰时。

3.先行词被序数词或最高级修饰先行词前有序数词
(the first),形容词最高级(the best), the last, the very, the only 等时。 4. 先行词为人和物的组合 5.若主句中有疑问代词 who 或者 which,为了避免重复, 关系代词不要再用 who, which,而用 that。

that用法真有趣, 两个地方它不去; 逗号后边它不去, 介词之后不考虑;

1. Jim passed the driving test, ______ surprised everybody in the office.

A.which

B that

C this

D.it

2. The day ____ he was born was Aug .20, 1952. A.on which B that C which D.this

考点二:介词+关系代词

提醒: 介词﹢关代引导的定从 界定介词的方法: 方法一:根据从句中动词与先行词习惯搭配 方法二:根据从句中动词与先行词的逻辑关系
注意:关系代词在定语从句中作介词宾语

时,从句常常由“介词+关系代词”引出。 此时关系代词只能用which 或 whom; whose,不可用that 或who 代替

考点二:介词+关系代词
注意: 1. “介词+关系代词”引导定从时,从句常常由“介 词+关系代词”引出,关系代词只能用which 或 whom; whose,不可用that 或who 代替 2. from where为“介词+关系副词”结构,但也可 以引导定语从句。例如: We stood at the top of the hill ,from where we can see the town 3. 但遇固定词组时,介词一般紧跟词组主体,不作前 置 Is this the book (which/that) you are looking for ?

Filling blanks:
with whom you shook hands just 1.The man __________ now is our headmaster.
in which 2.The room __________ my family live used to be a garage.

考点三 Whose 用法及转换形式 1. whose引导定语从句,其后应紧跟名词,
做名词的定语。

That’s the child whose father is a teacher.
2.whose引导定语从句,其先行词不仅可以指 人,还可以指物。

Do you know the woman whose husband is a doctor? This is a book whose cover is green.

3. whose指物时, 可用of which代替,但词序不同 即whose+名词=the +n + of which =代词/数词+which =of which + the + n. =of which+代词/数词 He lives in the room whose window faces south.

= He lives in the room, the window of which faces south. = He lives in the room, of which the window faces south.

考点四:as与which引导非限制性定从
两者均可引导非限制性定语从句,有时可以互 换,主要从四个方面区别:所处位置,逻辑关 系,所用动词,as的含义 但下列情况多用as。 2. as 引导的从句可以放在句首, as 本身有 “正如…..正象…”之意,与之连用的词有 know, see, expect, announce, point out 等。 e.g. As we all know, the earth is round. 1. 所处位置,2. 逻辑意义 3.词义 4. 所用动 词

1. ______ was natural, he married Jenny.

A. Which
C. This

B. That
D. As

2. Such signs _____ we use in the experiment ______
Greek letters.

A. as, are
C. that, are

B. as, is
D. that, is

3. She is very good at dance, ____ everybody knows.
A. that B. which C. who D. as

4. ______ has been said above, grammar is a set of
dead rules.

A. Which

B. What

C. That

D. As

5. We do the same work _____ they do. A. which B. as C. than D. like

考点五: that 与who的区别 在anyone, those, he/she/I / they作 先行词时, 用”who” 代替 “that”. who Anyone _____breaks the law is punished. who break the law are punished. Those _____ who breaks the law is punished. He _____

考点六:关系副词和关系代词的选用

选用定语从句的关系词时,需注意两点: 1.先行词 2.关系词在从句中充当的成分。 做主语,宾语,定语用 关系代词 做状语用

关系副词

I will never forget the day _____ when I first went to school. I will never forget the day (which/that) __________ we spent in Beijing. (which/that) we The house __________ visited is being repaired now.

where Luxun once The house ______ lived is being repaired now.

1. Is this factory ____ D we visited last week?

B we visited last Is this the factory ____ Week? A、where B、that
C、to which D、the one
解题关键:如果是疑问句式,将其转化为陈 述句式。

C 3. She will never forget the day_____ she spent in Beijing.
She will never forget the day_____ A she stayed with him in Beijing. A、when B、what

C、which

D、why

5. The college won’t take anyone _____ B eyesight is weak. A、who
C、of whom

B、whose
D、which

B to take part in the game 6.Those _____ write down your names. A、who B、who want
C、who wants D、what

A 7. I don't like English, _____ grammar I am not interested. I don't like English, ____ B grammar is difficult to learn. C doorway is I like this house, _____ just enough to get . D doorway is I like this house, _____ small. A. in which B. which C. through whose D. whose

D 8. I,______ your good friend, will try my best to help you out.
A、who is B、what is

C、what am

D、who am

B 9. Which of the two cows ______ you keep produces more milk?
A、which B、that C、what D、as

D he can’t 10. His walking stick, ____
walk, was lost yesterday. A、that

B、with which
C、which D、without which

D were 12. As many members _____ present agreed to the plan.
A. who B. that

C. which
be seen from his skin. A. that B. as

D. as

B can 13. He must be from Africa, _____
C. who D. what

D 14. This is the same pen ______I lost yesterday. A. as B. that C.the one D. A&B
比较:
...the same pen as I lost.
表示这支笔与我不见的那支很像,不一定就是

... the same pen that I lost.
则表示这支笔就是我不见的那支 .

15. The teacher gave us so difficult a A we couldn't solve. problem ___ The teacher gave us so difficult a problem ___ B we couldn't solve it. A. as B. that C. which D. the ones

so ...that 后面跟的是一个结果状语从句

16. ______is mentioned above, the B number of the students in senior high school is increasing.
A. Which C. What B. As D. That

17. I’ll tell you D _____ he told me last night. A. all which B. all what C. that all D. all
18. --- How do you like the book?

---It’s quite different from _____ C I read last month. A. that B. which C. the one D. the one what

19. There are three libraries in our school, _______ were built five years ago. A、all of them B、either of them C、all of which

C

D、both of that

1. 通读全句,把握语境,判断是什么句型。 2. 题干句如果是疑问句式,将其转化为陈述 句式。 3. 分析从句的句子结构,在定语从句中,缺 什么,就补什么:缺主或宾语,用关系代 词;缺状语,用关系副词 4. 注意标点符号和题干中是否存在并列连词 and, but等。 5. 确定了是定语从句后,总的原则就是代入。

1. In the office I never seem to have time until after 5:30 pm, _____ many people have gone home. A. that B. which C. whose time √ D. by which time

3. Is this the reason _______ at the meeting for his carelessness in his work? A. B. what he explained √ he explained C. how he explained D. why he explained 4. Luckily, we’d brought a road map without ____we would have lost our way. A. it B. that C. this √ D. which 5. When he was working there he caught a serious illness from _____ effects he still suffers. A. which B. that √ C. whose D. what

6. It’s said that he’s looking for a new job, one ______ he can get more money to support his family. A. when √ B. where C. that D. which 7. We are living in an age ______ many things are done on computer. A. which B. that C. whose √ D. when 8. The little time we have together we’ll try _____ wisely. A. spending it B. to spend it C. to spend D. spending that √

9. The old building, behind _______ was a famous church, was _______ we used to work. A. that, the place C. which, where √ B. it, the place D. what, where

10. We will be shown around the city, schools, museums, and some other places, _______ other visitors seldom go.
A. what B. which C. where √ D. when


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