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13-14下期期中考试高二英语试题


2013—2014 学年度下期期中考试试题

高二英语
命题人:xxx 第Ⅰ卷
第一部分 :阅读理解(共两节,满分 50 分) 第一节: (共 20 小题,每小题 2 分,共 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。
A We have all experienced days whe

n everything goes wrong. A day may begin well enough, but suddenly everything seems to get out of control. Sometimes a single unimportant event may cause a number of things to happen. Let us suppose that you are preparing a meal and keeping an eye on the baby at the same time. The telephone rings and this causes your troubles to begin. While you are on the phone, the baby pulls the tablecloth off the table, destroying your half-prepared meal. You hang up hurriedly and attend to your baby. Meanwhile, the meal gets burnt. As if this is not enough to bring you to tears, your husband arrives home, unexpectedly bringing three guests to dinner. Things can also go wrong on the road. During rush hour one evening two cars collided and the drivers began to argue. The woman driver behind the two cars happened to be a learner. She got into a panic and stopped her car. This forced the driver following her to stop suddenly. This driver’s wife was sitting beside him holding a large cake, and as she was thrown forward, the cake went right through the window and landed on the road. A truck driver seeing a cake flying through the air slammed on the brakes. The truck was carrying empty beer bottles and hundreds of them slid off the back of the truck onto the road, causing a terrible traffic jam. It took the police an hour to get the traffic on the move again. In the meantime, the truck driver had to sweep up hundreds of broken bottles. Only two dogs were enjoying themselves, for they were happily having what was left of the cake. 1.If you want to answer the phone without any trouble, you’d better ___________ . A. pull out the telephone line when you are with your baby B. put your baby on the bed and keep an eye on him / her C. not hurry to answer the phone D. make sure your baby is not near the table 2.Who is responsible for the accidents that happened on the road? A. The two drivers who were arguing. B. It wasn’t mentioned in the passage. C. The woman driver. D. The truck driver. 3.From this story we learn that ________. A. there are many road accidents every day B. the accidents mentioned in the passage are very strange C. no one knows why this kind of accident happens

D. the accidents mentioned in the passage are very common 4.The writer’s purpose in writing this passage is to ___________. A. remind us not to answer the phone when we are busy B. tell us driving is dangerous every day C. remind us not to be nervous when we meet an accident D. remind us not to carry a cake when we are sitting in a car 5.The main idea of this passage is that ________. A. troubles always come in groups B. accidents may happen anywhere at anytime C. a telephone call may cause great trouble D. anyone may have trouble on their way home B From their beginnings New England towns had a special democratic system of government. At a stated time all the citizens would assemble at a town meeting, where they would discuss local problems and express opinions freely. They also elected the town’s officials at these gatherings and made decisions about the taxes they would pay and about other community matters. These meetings were usually held at the town hall, which was located in the central square.

6.At a town meeting, people do the following things EXCEPT __________. A. express their opinions about the government B. elect officials of the towns C. make a decision about whom they should marry D. discuss some community matters 7.In the 18th century, who had the right to vote? A. All the citizens. B. All the men except those who were church members. C. The rich. D. The rich men and the church members. 8.Why has the town meeting been widely imitated? A. Because many people are interested in it. B. Because it is very democratic. C. Because many people enjoy themselves at town meetings. D. Because sometimes government agencies call them. 9.According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true? A. Citizens can elect the officials in the town meeting. B. In recent years, town meetings are often called by a government agency.

C. People can say what they want to say at the town meeting. D. Nowadays this kind of meeting is also held on radio and television. 10.This passage mainly talks about _______. A. the New England town meeting B. modern town meetings C. a democratic meeting D. New England towns C In the second half of each year, many powerful storms are born in the tropical(热带的) Atlantic and Caribbean sea. Of these, only about half a dozen become the strong, circling winds of 74 miles per hour or more that are called hurricane, and several usually make their way to the coast. There they cause millions of dollars of damage, and bring death to large numbers of people. The great storms that hit the coast start as soft circling wind hundreds--even thousands of miles out to sea. As they travel aimlessly over water warmed by the summer sun, they are carried westward by the southeast winds. When conditions are just right, warm, moist (潮湿的) air flows in at the bottom of such an wind moves upward through it and comes out at the top. In the process, the moisture in this warm air produces rain, and with it the heat is changed to energy in the form of strong winds. As the heat increases, the young hurricane begins to move in a counter-clockwise motion (逆时针运动). The life of a hurricane is only about nine days, but it contains almost more power than we can imagine. The energy in the heat released (释放) by a hurricane's rainfall in a single day would satisfy the entire electrical needs of the United States for more than six months. Water, not wind, is the main source of death and destruction in a hurricane. A typical hurricane brings 6 to 12 inch downpours, causing sudden floods. Worst of all is the powerful movement of the sea--the mountains of water moving toward the hurricane center. The water level rises as much as 15 feet above normal as it moves toward shore. 11. The underlined word "they" in the first paragraph means "__________ ". A. storms B. miles C. winds D. people B. when it hits the coastline. D. When its winds reach 74 miles per hour B. the heat they give off. D. Their strong winds. B. It usually lasts about 9 days. 12. When is an ordinary tropical storm called a hurricane? A. the Atlantic and Caribbean seas. C. When it is more than 74 miles wide. 13. What is the worst thing about hurricanes? A. The terrible effects of water. C. That they last about nine days. A. It travels more than 75 miles per hour. C. It usually causes 6 to 12 inch downpours. D. It sometimes brings the sea water level to the height of 15 feet. 15. The energy in the heat released by a hurricane's rainfall in a single day ___________ . A. is the main source of death and destruction in a hurricane B. would satisfy the entire electrical needs of the United States C. causes sudden floods D. would satisfy the entire electrical needs of the United States for more than six months

14. Which statement about a hurricane is WRONG ?

D When you're down on your luck, laughter may be the last thing on your mind. But in Austria, doctors know the health value of a good laugh. And they're offering homeless people lectures on how to laugh. The project began in the southern Austrian city of Graz earlier this month. It has been such a success that other poor groups, including those who have fled other counties, are about to be taught. The courses are conducted by professors such as Leopold Neuhold from Karl Franzens University in Graz. Neuhold has been to four local hostels to deliver a lecture called Laughter Is the Best Medicine. He said his first 30 homeless students had learned the importance of humor in the face of difficulties. There is even a "diploma" for the course. "Anyone who completes a course will be given a certificate, and I'm sure it will give them back a degree of respect," Neuhold added. The homeless are not the first to benefit from the laughter lectures. Many places in laughter exercises and joke telling. "Up to 80 muscles are used to have a really good laugh. And the body gets a very healthy work-out," Berlin University laughter expert Professor Gunther Sickl said. "The heart beats faster, blood pressure rises and oxygen levels in the blood increase as breathing accelerates. " "And possibly most important of all, endorphins, the brain happiness drugs, are released. They promote a feeling of well-being and are seen by most doctors as the best natural drug of all. After the laughing has stopped, the blood pressure falls again and stress hormones are reduced, increasing the strength of the immune system. " Now, laughter holidays are also offered in Germany and Austria. 16. The passage is mainly about ___________ . A. Austrians' attitudes towards life C. Austrian policy on dealing with difficulties A. objected B. managed B. humans' laughter D. health value D. doubted Germany and Austria have special laughter clubs where the forgotten art of laughter is taught using something like

17. The underlined word " conducted" in paragraph 3 means C. scolded 18. When people have a good laugh, ___________ . A. half of their muscles are used C. they will release endorphins A. foreign B. rich B. the heart beats faster than jogging (慢跑). D. they will find it easy to focus on their work. C. disturbed D. homeless

19. Neuhold first aimed his lectures at __________ students. 20. Which of the following is NOT true? A. The project began in the southern Austrian city of Graz earlier this month. B. A good laugh increases the strength of the immune system. C. Many places in Germany and Australia have special laughter clubs where laughter is taught D. "Anyone who completes a course will be given a certificate," Neuhold said.

第二节(共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,共 10 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D、E、F 和 G)中,选出最佳选项。
Money Matters

Parents should help children understand money. 1. The basic function of money

21

So you may start talking about money

when your child shows an interest in buying things, candy or toys, for example. Begin explaining the basic function of money by showing how people trade money for goods or services. It’s important to show your child how money is traded for the thing he wants to have. If he wants to have a toy, give him the money and let him hand the money to the cashier (收银员). of using money. 2. Money lessons Approach money lessons with openness and honesty. 23 If you must say no to a child’s request to spend money, explain, “You have enough toy trucks for now.” Or, if the request is for many different things, say, “You have to make a choice between this toy and that toy.” 3. 24 Begin at the grocery store. Pick out two similar brands of a product — a name-brand butter and a generic (无商标产品), for example. You can show your child how to make choices between different brands of a product so that you can save money, other purchases. A. Wise decisions B. The value of money C. Permit the child to choose between them. D. Tell your child why he can—or cannot—have certain things. E. Ask yourself what things that cost money are most important to you. F. Talk about how the money bought the thing after you leave the toy store. G. The best time to teach a child anything about money is when he shows an interest. 25 If he chooses the cheaper brand, allow him to buy other things with the money saved. Later, you may explain how the more expensive choice leaves less money for 22 When your child grows a bit older and understands the basic function of money, you can start explaining more complex ways

第二部分 :英语知识应用(共两节,满分 60 分) 第一节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。
Learning to Accept I learned how to accept life as it is from my father. 26 , he did not teach me acceptance when he was strong and healthy, but when he was 27 and ill. all that away. 32 . I said 35 30 . One night, I My father was 28 a strong man who loved being active, but a terrible illness 29 Now he can no longer walk, and he must sit quietly in a chair all day. Even talking is

went to visit him with my sisters. We started 31 about life, and I told them about one of my 34

that we must very often give things up 33 we grow --- our youth, our beauty, our friends --- but it always that after we give something up, we gain something new in its place. Then suddenly my father 38 up. He said, “But, Peter, I gave up 36 ! What did I gain?” I thought and thought, but I couldn’t think of the love of my family,” I looked at my sisters

anything to say. 37 , he answered his own question: “I I was also 39

and saw tears in their eyes, along with hope and thankfulness. by his words. After that, when I began to feel irritated (愤怒的) at someone, I 40 41 . If he could replace his great pain with a feeling of love for others, remember his words and become

then I should be 42 my father.

to give up my small irritations. In this 43 , I learned the power of acceptance from

Sometimes I 44 what other things I could have learned from him if I had listened more carefully when I was a boy. For now, though, I am 45 for this gift. 26. A. Afterwards 27. A. tired 28. A. already 29. A. took 30. A. impossible 31. A. worrying 32. A. decisions 33. A. as 34. A. suggests 35. A. spoke 36. A. something 37. A. Surprisingly 38. A. had 39. A. moved 40. A. should 41. A. quiet 42. A. ready 43. A. mean 44. A. doubted 45. A. appreciate B. Therefore B. weak B. still B. threw B. difficult B. caring B. experiences B. since B. promises B. turned B. anything B. Immediately B. accepted B. astonished B. could B. calm B. likely B. means B. wonder B. thank C. However C. poor C. only C. sent C. stressful C. talking C. ambitions C. before C. seems C. took C. nothing C. Naturally C. gained C. attracted C. would C. relaxed C. free C. method C. know C. grateful D. Meanwhile D. slow D. once D. put D. hopeless D. asking D. beliefs D. till D. requires D. stood D. everything D. Certainly D. enjoyed D. warned D. might D. happy D. able D. way D. guess D. Thanks

第二节:语法填空(共 10 小题,每小题 2 分,共 20 分) 阅读下面短文,根据上下文填入适当的词语,或使用括号中的词语的适当形式填空,并将答 案填写在答题卡上标号的相应位置。
S:Excuse me, do the buses stop here? N:Yes, 46 all stop at this corner. 47 comes along? S:I want to go to Broadway and 82nd Street. Can I take any bus N:You can take any bus except the Number 4. S:How one now. S:Fine.How long does it take 50 (get)to 62nd Street? 52 (confuse)to me. 54 (fortunate), it's not N:About fifteen minutes. It's not far. Are you __51_ ___ stranger in New York? S:I like it very much, but it's a little N:You'll soon get accustomed full. S:Thank you for the information. N:Don't 55 it. 53 it. It's not difficult. Well ,here's the bus. 48 do the buses run? 49 (be) one along in a few minutes. In fact, here comes N:They run about every five minutes. There


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