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2015高考英语阅读和短文改错能力练习题及析 (5)


2015 高考英语阅读和短文改错能力练习题及析(5)
完形填空 Here You Grow Again “You’re having problems? No problem. ”That’s what I try to tell myself when I begin to feel overwhelmed. And then I 1 myself that the

only people I am aware of who don’t have 2 are gathered in peaceful neighborhoods. There is never a 3 , never a moment of stress to ruin a day. All is calm. Most 4 have at least one such worry-free zone. We call them 5 . But if you’re still 6 , you have difficulties. It’s the way of life. And believe it or not, most of your problems may actually be 7 for you than you think. Let me explain. Maybe you have seen the Great Barrier Reef, 8 some 1, 800 miles from New Guinea to Australia. Tour guides regularly take visitors to 9 the reef. On one tour, the guide was asked a question. “I notice that the lagoon(浅水湖)side of the reef looks 10 and lifeless, while the ocean side is lively and colorful, ”a traveler observed. “ 11 is this? ” The guide gave an interesting answer, “The coral(珊瑚)around the lagoon side is in 12 water, with no challenge for its survival. It 13 early. The coral on the ocean side is constantly being 14 by wind, waves, storms—surges of power. It has to fight for 15 every day of its life. As it is challenged and tested it changes and 16 . It grows healthy. It grows strong. And it reproduces. ”Then he added this telling note, “That’s the way it is 17 every living organism. ” Like coral 18 by the sea, we grow. 19 demands can cause us to grow stronger. Mental and emotional stress can produce strength and determination. Spiritual testing can produce 20 of character and faithfulness. 【文章大意】大堡礁上经常受到海水冲击的珊瑚生命力更加旺盛 , 但是那些没有受海水冲击 的反而会死得更早。作者从而得出, 在我们的人生中, 经常遇到挫折, 会使我们更加具有能 力。 1. A. warn B. remind C. inform D. persuade 【解析】选 B。从后面的 myself that the only people I am aware of who don’t have are gathered in peaceful neighborhoods 可知, 这是 作者提醒自己的事情。 2. A. purposes B. troubles C. plans D. opinions 【解析】选 B。与本文的第一句话 You’re having problems? No problem 中的 problems 呼 应, 指那些没有麻烦的人们。 3. A. wonder B. miracle C. care D. wish 【解析】选 C。与上文中的 problems, troubles 和后面的 stress 等呼应, 指没有任何关心的 事情。 4. A. suburbs B. halls C. countries D. towns 【解析】选 D。根据后面的 We call them 可知是公墓, 因此表明这里指每个城镇。 5. A. cemeteries B. yards C. squares D. parks 【解析】选 A。与上文提到的 Most have at least one such worry-free zone. 每个

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城镇都有一个人从来不会担忧的地区, 即公墓。 6. A. worrying B. breathing C. thinking D. working 【解析】选 B。根据后面的 you have difficulties. It’s the way of life 可知, 只要你 呼吸, 只要你活着, 你就有困难。 7. A. bigger B. smaller C. better D. heavier 【解析】选 C。根据空格前面的 And believe it or not, most of your problems may actually be 和后面的 for you than you think. 可知, 你的问题要比你想象的要好。 8. A. covering B. running C. reaching D. stretching 【解析】选 D。从后面的 some 1, 800 miles from New Guinea to Australia 可知这里指大 堡礁绵延 1 800 英里。 9. A. view B. dig C. protect D. find 【解析】选 A。根据前面的 Tour guides regularly take visitors 可知导游带着游客们去欣 赏这里的风景。 10. A. healthy B. pale C. strong D. colorful 【解析】选 B。与后面的 and lifeless 呼应, 指这里的珊瑚是无生命的, 并且颜色是苍白的。 11. A. how B. when C. why D. what 【解析】选 C。根据前面的“I notice that the lagoon side of the reef looks and lifeless, while the ocean side is lively and colorful, ”a traveler observed. 可 知, 这个游 客看见这种情景之后, 问为什么。 12. A. dirty B. cold C. deep D. still 【解析】选 D。根据前面的浅水背景和后面的 with no challenge for its survival 可知, 这 些珊瑚生长在平静的水中。 13. A. grows B. dies C. rests D. settles 【解析】选 B。从前面的 with no challenge for its survival 没有生存的挑战性, 可知它 们死得早。 14. A. tested B. washed C. cleaned D. killed 【解析】选 A。根据空格前面的 The coral on the ocean side is constantly being 和后面 的 by wind, waves, storms—surges of power 可知这些珊瑚经常遭到风、海浪和暴风雨的 考验。 15. A. nutriment B. development C. survival D. energy 【解 析】选 C。上文已经提到了 The coral around the lagoon side is in_______water, with no challenge for its survival 其中有 survival, 因此选 C。 16. A. enlarges B. breaks C. disappears D. adapts 【解析】选 D。从后面的 It grows healthy. It grows strong. And it reproduces 可知, 这 些珊瑚已经适应了环境, 因此选 D。 17. A. for B. with C. on D. in 【解析】选 B。根据空格前面的 That’s the way it is 和后面的 every living organism 可 知 with 指的是这些情况适用于每一个活着的生物。 18. A. struck B. flooded C. swallowed D. supported 【解析】选 A。从后面的 by the sea, we grow 可知这里指我们像珊瑚一样, 经常接受海水的 撞击, 从而我们能够成长。 19. A. Social B. Emotional C. Spiritual D. Physical

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【解析】选 D。与后面的 Mental and emotional stress 精神的和情感的对比, 指身体上的。 20. A. feature B. result C. strength D. influence 【解析】选 C。上文已经提到了 Mental and emotional stress can produce strength and determination 因此选 C。

阅读下列短文, 从给的四个选项 (A、B、C 和 D) 中, 选出最佳选项。 (2013·湖北,B) Mothers and daughters go through so much—yet when was the last time a mother and daughter sat down to write a book together about it all? Perri Klass and her mother, Sheila Solomon Klass, both gifted professional writers, prove to be ideal cowriters as they examine their decades of motherhood, daughterhood, and the wonderful ways their lives have overlapped (重叠). Perri notes with amazement how closely her own life has mirrored her mother's: both have fulltime careers; both have published books, articles, and stories; each has three children; they both love to read. They also love to travel—in fact, they often take trips together. But in truth, the harder they look at their lives, the more they acknowledge their big differences in circumstance and basic nature. A child of the Depression (大萧条 ), Sheila was raised in Brooklyn by parents who considered education a_luxury for girls. Starting with her college education, she has fought for everything she's ever accomplished. Perri, on the other hand, grew up privileged in the New Jersey suburbs of the 1960s and 1970s. For Sheila, wasting time or money is a crime, and luxury is unthinkable while Perri enjoys the occasional small luxury, but has not been successful at trying to persuade her mother into enjoying even the tiniest thing she likes. Each writing in her own unmistakable voice, Perri and Sheila take turns exploring the joys and pains, the love and bitterness, the minor troubles and lasting respect that have always bonded them together. Sheila describes the adventure of giving birth to Perri in a tiny town in Trinidad where her husband was doing research fieldwork. Perri admits that she can't sort out all the mess in the households, even though she knows it drives her mother crazy. Together they compare thoughts on bringing up children and working, admit longhidden sorrows, and enjoy precious memories. Looking deep into the lives they have lived separately and together, Perri and Sheila tell their motherdaughter story with honesty, humor, enthusiasm, and admiration for each other. A written account in two voices, Every Mother Is a Daughter is a duet (二重奏) that produces a deep, strong sound with the experiences that all mothers and daughters will recognize. 文章大意:本文讲述的是一对母女一起生活,一起写作,一起分享对方的点点滴滴,其乐融 融,和谐相处的故事。 5.Why does Perri think that her own life has mirrored her mother's? A.They both have gone through difficult times. B.They have strong emotional ties with each other. C.They have the same joys and pains, and love and bitterness.

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D.They both have experiences as daughter, mother and writer. 答案:D 细节理解题,由文章 both have fulltime careers; both have published books, articles, and stories; each has three children 可以看出,D 项正确。 6.The word “luxury” in Paragraph 3 means ________. A.something rare but not pleasant B.something that cannot be imagined C.something expensive but not necessary D.something that can only be enjoyed by boys 答案:C 词义猜测题,luxury 的本意是:奢侈品,豪华品,是很昂贵的东西,但不一定是必 需品,因此答案 C 正确。 7.What is Paragraph 4 mainly about? A.The content of the book. B.The purpose of the book. C.The influence of the book. D.The writing style of the book. 答案:A 推理判断题,此段主要讲述母女二人的具体生活细节,因此反应在书中,应是本书 的内容,因此选 A。 8.How are women's lives explored in this book? A.In a musical form. B.Through field research. C.With unique writing skills. D.From different points of view. 答案:D 推理判断题,由最后一段 A written account in two voices, Every Mother Is a Daughter is a duet (二重奏) that produces a deep, strong sound with the experiences that all mothers and daughters will recognize,此处的 voices,sound 指的是不同的声 音、观点,因此答案 D 合适。

阅读理解。阅读下列四篇短文,从每小题后所给的 A,B,C 或 D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 Think about the different ways that people use the wind. You can use it to fly a kite or to sail a boat. Wind is one of our cleanest and richest power sources (来源), as well as one of the oldest. Evidence shows that windmills (风车) began to be used in ancient Iran back in the seventh century BC. They were fi rst introduced to Europe during the 1100s, when armies returned from the Middle East with knowledge of using wind power. For many centuries, people used windmills to grind (磨碎) wheat into flour or pump water from deep underground when electricity was discovered in the late 1800s, people living in remote areas began to use them to produce electricity. This allowed them to have electric lights and radio. However, by the 1940s when electricity was available to people in almost all areas of the United States, windmills were rarely used. During the 1970s, people started becoming concerned about the pollution that is created when coal and gas are burned to produce electricity. People also realized that the supply of coal and gas would not last forever. Then, wind was rediscovered,

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though it means higher costs. Today, there is a global movement to supply more and more of our electricity through the use of wind. 风能早在公元前七世纪就开始被人们用风车所利用,当人们发明了电以后,风能被用来发电, 但随着电的广泛使用,风车逐渐不被人们使用了。而进入二十世纪七十年代后,人们又逐渐 认识到了风能的优势。 1.From the text we know that windmills ________. A. were invented by European armies B. have a history of more than 2,800 years C. used to supply power to radio in remote areas D. have rarely been used since electricity was discovered 答案:C。细节理解题。由第一段最后两句话可知风车首先是在古代伊朗被使用,故排除 A 项; 公元前七世纪到现在应是不足 2800 年,故排除 B 项;由第二段当中的第二、三句话可以排除 D 项,同时也能知道 C 项是正确的。 2.What was a new use for wind power in the late l9th century? A. Sailing a boat. B. Producing electricity. C. Grinding wheat into f lour. D. Pumping water from underground. 答案:B。细节理解题。由文章第二段中的第二句话可知“在十九世纪末期人们发现了电以后, 住在偏远地区的人们开始用风车发电”。 3.One of the reasons wind was rediscovered in the 1970s is that ________. A. wind power is cleaner B. it is one of the oldest power sources C. it was cheaper to create energy from wind D. the supply of coal and gas failed to meet needs 答案:A。主旨大意题。由文章最后一段可知。 4.What would the author probably discuss in the paragraph that follows? A. The advantages of wind power. B. The design of wind power plants. C. The worldwide movement to save energy. D. The global trend tow ards producing power from wind. 答案:D。推理判断题。文章最后一句话“如今,出现了一个全球化的运动,要通过风能的利 用来提供越来越多的电力”,表明作者会就这个话题继续展开。

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作 文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的 增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(A ),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线〔\〕划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Last Saturday, our school had organized all of the Senior 1 students to visit the children at a local orphanage. We took many books that was popular among children, as well as many kinds of school supplies and toys, to children. They were delighted to receive these gift. We played some games together and give

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performances. Before leave the orphanage we took photos with them and gave them our contact details but we could keep in touch with one another. That day, each one of us had an enjoyable time. We gave the children their care and help; for return ,they gave us their smiles and love. These voluntary activities made a deeply impression on us. 【参考答案】 Last Saturday, our school had organized all of the Senior 1 students to visit the children at a local orphanage. We took many books that was popular among were children, as well as many kinds of school supplies and toys, to ∧ children. They the were delighted to receive these gift. We played some games together and gave gifts give performances. Before leave the orphanage we took photos with them and gave leaving them our contact details but we could keep in touch with one another. so That day, each one of us had an enjoyable time. We gave the children their our care and help; for return, they gave us their smiles and love. These voluntary in activities made a deeply impression on us. deep

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