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人教新课标必修二 Unit 2 The Olympic Games语言点讲解


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Book 2
Words and expressions
1. ancient

Unit 2

adj.

(1) 古代的 in ancient times (2) 古老的 We were deeply attracted by the ancient building. < 归类 ancient (古代的)→ modern ( 现代的 → contemporary ( 当代的) 归类> 古代的) 现代的) 当代的) 古代的 2. compete

Vi
competition n. 竞争,角逐 competitive a. 竞争

拓展: 拓展:competitor n. 竞争对手 的

搭配: 搭配:(1) compete with / against sb for sth 因…而与某人竞争 而与某人竞争 (2) compete in sth 参加比赛 竞赛 参加比赛/ (3) in competition with ... 与…竞争 竞争 eg: 1) I think you should compete for the monitor. 2) Will you compete with Tom in the swimming race?

3. take part in
eg: Mr. Black took part in our conversation. 辨析 : take part in, join in, join , attend (1) take part in : 指参加会议或群众性活动等,重在说明主语参加该项活动并在其中 指参加会议或群众性活动等, 发挥一定的作用。 发挥一定的作用。 指参加正在进行的活动,如参加竞赛、娱乐、谈话等。 (2)join in : 指参加正在进行的活动,如参加竞赛、娱乐、谈话等。 ) 通常指参加某组织或团体,并成为其中的一员。 (3)join : 通常指参加某组织或团体,并成为其中的一员。 ) 正式用语,指参加会议或婚礼、葬礼、典礼或上课、上学、听报告等, (4)attend : 正式用语,指参加会议或婚礼、葬礼、典礼或上课、上学、听报告等,强 ) 调的是这一动作本身,而不是强调参加者在活动中所起的作用。 调的是这一动作本身,而不是强调参加者在活动中所起的作用。 eg :1)They are playing basketball. Let's join in them. ) 2) Do you know how many people joined the organization? 3) They will attend an important meeting tomorrow.

4. stand for
eg: The olive branch stands for peace. 拓展: (1) 站在一起; 拓展: )stand by 和…站在一起;袖手旁观 ;支持 ( 站在一起 eg: I'll always stand by you through thick and thin.

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(2) stand out 突出,显眼,引人注目 突出,显眼, eg: His red hair made him stand out in the crowd.

5.volunteer
(1) 【C】 volunteer for sth / to do sth 】 eg: 1) volunteers for the post of treasurer . 自愿任财务工作的人 2) Schools need volunteers to help children to read. (2) Vt. volunteer to do / volunteer sth

eg: 1) They volunteered to repair the house for the old lady. 2) She volunteered the information. (3) Vi. volunteer for sth eg: She volunteered ( her services ) for relief work. 他自愿参加救济工作。 他自愿参加救济工作。 (4) adj. My sister is a volunteer teacher of this school.

6. basis [ C] pl. bases
crisis → crises 危机

< 语法 [ 单] ~sis / sis/ → [复] ~ses / si:z / 语法> 复 analysis → analyses 分析

basic adj. 基础的,根本的 基础的, eg:1) His research formed the basis of his new book. : 2) The basis of a good marriage is trust. 3) We judge a worker on the basis of his performance. 辨析: 辨析:basis & base (1) basis: 用来指非物质方面的基础。the economic basis 经济基础 (抽象) 用来指非物质方面的基础。 抽象) (2) base: 主要用于指物质方面的基础。the base of a building. 建筑物的基础 (具体) 主要用于指物质方面的基础。 具体)

7. admit v.
(1) 允许(人/ 物)进入;让…进入 允许( 进入; 进入 搭配: 搭配: admit sb to/ into 允许某人进入;吸收某人为 的成员 允许某人进入;吸收某人为…的成员

be admitted as … 作为 被接受(后接表示成员的名词) 作为…被接受(后接表示成员的名词) 被接受 eg: 1) The servant opened the door and admitted me into the house. 2) Only one hundred boys are admitted to the school every year. 3) He was admitted as a member of the Party last month. (2) 承认,供认 承认, 搭配: 搭配: admit sth / doing sth admit that - clause admit sb / sth to be + adj./ n.

eg: 1) He admitted his guilty. 2) Will you admit having broken the window?

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3) He admitted that he had stolen the money. 4) We all admit her to be smart.

8.

as well
eg: I can swim as well.

辨析: 辨析: as well,

also,

too,

either

(1) as well : 用于肯定句,只用于句尾。 He plays the piano as well. 用于肯定句,只用于句尾。 (2) also: 用于肯定句,用在句中。He also plays the piano. 用于肯定句,用在句中。 (3) too: 用于肯定句,用在句尾,一般用逗号与其他部分分开。 He plays the piano, too. 用于肯定句,用在句尾,一般用逗号与其他部分分开。 (4) either: 用于否定句中。He doesn't play the piano either. 用于否定句中。 拓展: 如同…一样好 一样好; 而且… 拓展: as well as 如同 一样好;既…又…;不但 而且 又 ;不但…而且 (1) 连接两个主语时,其谓语动词的形式应根据前一个主语确定。此外,还有 together ) 连接两个主语时,其谓语动词的形式应根据前一个主语确定。此外, with , along with, besides, but, except, including, rather than 等也属此种情况。 等也属此种情况。 B 结构, 但可用" (2) 不能用 A, as well as C " 结构, ) 不能用“ , 但可用 A as well as B and C " or " A and B as well as C " 结构。 结构。 eg: 1) The teacher as well as some students was interested in the question. = Not only some students but also the teacher was interested in the question. 2) I play tennis as well as he . 3) She sings as well as playing the piano. 4) As well as visiting the Great Wall, we spent a day in Beijing. 5) He speaks Spanish and English as well as French. 6) She knows me as well as him.

9. host
(1) Vt. eg: 1) He is willing to host the visitors. 2) London will host the 30th Olympic Games in 2012. (2)n. eg: 1) He acted as host to his father's friends. ) 2) China is the host country of the 29th Olympic Games. 辨析: 相对应。 辨析:host 与 guest 相对应。hostess 女主人 master 与 servant 相对应 10. responsibility mastress 女主人

n.

responsible adj.

eg: 1) It's my responsibility to take good care of you. 2) She feels a strong sense of responsibility towards her employees. 11. replace

v.

replacement 替换,更换[U] ; 替换品,替换物 替换,更换 替换品,替换物[C] (2) replace sth / sb with / by …
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搭配: 搭配:(1) replace sth / sb

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eg: 1) We can replace sugar by honey. 2) Can anything replace a mother's love? 3) If he can't manage he'll have to be replaced. 4) He replaced the book on the shelf. (把…放回原处) 放回原处) 把 放回原处 拓展: 拓展: take the place of sb/ sth = replace sb / sth take one's place = take one's seat in place of 替代 12. charge instead of 就坐, 就坐,就位 代替, 代替,而不是

v.& n.

eg: 1) They do not charge at all for their services. 2) He was charged with murder. (控告) 控告) 控告 3)The delivery is free of charge. ) in charge 主管, 主管,看管

eg: The monitor will be in charge when the headteacher is away. 辨析: 负责, 辨析: in charge of : “负责,主管 ,表示主动 负责 主管”, in the charge of : “由…管理 ,表示被动。 管理”,表示被动。 由 管理 eg: 1) He was left in charge of the shop while the manager was away. 2) Class one is in the charge of Miss Li.

13. fine
Vt. eg: The court fined him $200 for dangerous driving. n. eg: Have you handed in your fine? adj. (指行为、建议、决定)可接受的;满意的。 指行为、 指行为 建议、决定)可接受的;满意的。 —— I'll leave this here,OK? ---- Fine. 14. advertise

v.

advertisement ; advertiser n. 登广告者 ; advertising n. 广告,广告业 广告,

搭配: 搭配:(1) advertise sth 登广告宣传某事物 为征求… (2)advertise for sb / sth 为征求 登广告 ) eg: 1) They advertise their new product on TV. 2) The company advertised goods for sale. 15. bargain v. bargain with sb over / about / for sth 就…与某人讨价还价 与某人讨价还价 eg: He was bargaining with the shop owner over the price.

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n. make a bargain with sb about sth 与某人就 达成协议 与某人就…达成协议 eg: 1)The car was a bargain at that price . ( 便宜货) 便宜货) ) 2)He made a bargain with me about the contract. )

16.one after another 一个接一个地 ( 强调连续性) 强调连续性)
one by one 一个一个地 (强调一次一个) 强调一次一个) eg: 1)The students came one after another. ) 2) Write down your ideas one by one .

17. deserve

v.
(2) deserve doing = deserve to be done

搭配: 搭配:(1) deserve sth

eg: 1) You deserve a rest after all that hard work. 2) They deserved rewarding. = They deserved to be rewarded. get what you deserve = deserve all / everything you get 罪有应得

Reading and comprehending
1. interview vt.& n. interviewer n. 面试者;采访者 面试者; interviewee 被面试者 ;被采访者 v. eg: 1) We are now going to interview the Minister of Education. 2) She has interviewed most of the applicants for the job. n. eg: 1) He never gives an interview. 2)Don’t be late for your interview, or you won't get the job. ) 拓展: 拓展:go for an interview 去进行面试 give an interview to sb 接受某人的采访

have an interview with sb 与某人会见 do an interview with sb 采访某人 2. (1) on a journey 等搭配使用。 进行旅行 ,常与 go, start, come, be 等搭配使用。

eg: Are you going on a journey tomorrow?

(2) find out about “弄清有关 的情况 弄清有关…的情况 弄清有关 的情况”
eg: The police are trying hard to find out about the accident. 3. I lived in what you call " Ancient Greece" and I used to write about the

Olympic Games a long time ago.
本句是由 and 连接的并列句, 连接的并列句, 【句法分析】 句法分析】 在第一个分句中 what 引导的从句作介词 in 的 宾语。 宾语。 what 的 用法 引导宾语从句, 的宾语, “Ancient Geeece" 作宾补。 作宾补。 What (1) what 引导宾语从句, ) 并在从句中作 call 的宾语, 相当于 the place that, 因此 what 不能改为 that, 也不能改为 where, 因为 where 只能作 状语。 状语。
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eg: After a long journey, they came to what was called " Gebi Desert". 还可引导主语从句、 (2) what 也可相当于 all that, everything that 等,并且 what 还可引导主语从句、表 ) 语从句等。 语从句等。 eg: 1) What he didn't understand was that no one believed him. 2) He is no longer what he used to be. 引导名词性从句时不在从句中作成分, 从句一般不作介词的宾语。 【注】 that 引导名词性从句时不在从句中作成分,而且 that 从句一般不作介词的宾语。 eg: 1) He made it clear that he didn't agree with us. 2) I didn't know that you lived here. 4. every four years

每四年, 每四年,每隔三年

eg: every four days = every fourth day 每四天,每隔三天 每四天, every other day / line 每隔一天 行 每隔一天/ every few days 每几天 every two or three days 每隔三天

表示“每隔 每隔...的 , 等词。 【注】every 表示 每隔 的”,其后不可接 a few, some , many, several 等词。 5. honour

n. & vt.

(1) [C] 光荣的人或事 eg: 1)He is an honour to our school. ) 2)It's a great honour to be given the prize. ) (2) [U] 荣誉;信誉;名誉 荣誉;信誉; eg: We fight for the honour of our country. (3) vt. 搭配: 搭配: honour sb with sth 用某事来向某人表达敬意 be / feel honoured to do sth (做某事)感到荣幸 做某事) 做某事 eg: 1)I feel highly honoured by your trust. 2) You honour us with your presence. 3) Will you honour me with a visit? 拓展: (1) 拓展: )It's a great honour to ... ( ....十分荣幸 十分荣幸

可以赏光...吗 (2)May I have the honour of sth /doing sth ? 可以赏光 吗? ) 向某人表示敬意; (3)show honour to sb 向某人表示敬意;尊敬某人 ) 为了...的荣誉 (4)for the honour of 为了 的荣誉 ) (5)in honour of sb / sth = in sb's / sth's honour ) 为了向...表示敬意;为了纪念 为了向 表示敬意;为了纪念... 表示敬意 eg: 1) May I have the honour of this dance? 2) We held a grand ceremony in honour of those killed in battle.

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6. There's as much competition among countries to host the Olympics as to win Olympic medals. 表示同级比较, 是副词, 是连词, 【句子分析】as ... as 表示同级比较,其中第一个 as 是副词,第二个 as 是连词,常用于 句子分析】 引导一个比较状语从句,从句中常省略与主句相同的成分。 引导一个比较状语从句,从句中常省略与主句相同的成分。此句的第二个 as 后省略了 a competition among countries. 此句基本结构: 单数可数名词+ 此句基本结构:as much + 不可数名词 / a (an) + 单数可数名词 as ... 表示程度) 和...(程度上)是一样的 (much 表示程度) (程度上) eg: 1)It is generally believed that teaching is as much an art as it is a science. ) 人们普遍相信教学如同一门科学一样,它同样是一门艺术。 人们普遍相信教学如同一门科学一样,它同样是一门艺术。 2)Getting rid of a bad habit is as much a struggle as forming a good one. ) 摆脱一个坏习惯如同养成一个好习惯一样需要艰苦努力。 摆脱一个坏习惯如同养成一个好习惯一样需要艰苦努力。 苦努力 7. It’'s still all about being able to run faster, jump higher and throw

further.
(1) higher 是副词作状语,是 high 的比较级。 是副词作状语, 的比较级。 辨析: 指具体高矮程度的“高 。 辨析: high adj & adv. 指具体高矮程度的 高”。 highly adv. 相当于 very much , 指很高程度,表抽象意义。 指很高程度,表抽象意义。 eg: The player can jump really high, so we all speak highly of him. 拓展: 拓展:wide ---widely deep---deeply close --- closely

eg: 1)The explorers went deep into the jungle. 2) Even father was deeply moved. (2) further 在句中是副词,是 far 的比较级。 在句中是副词, 的比较级。 far ----farther ---- farther ; far ---- further ---- further

辨析: 多指具体的距离, 较远、最远” 辨析:farther : 多指具体的距离,“ 较远、最远 further: 多指程度上 “ 进一步 等抽象意义。 进一步” 等抽象意义。 eg: " The farther village is ten miles away," said the father. " We must go, for we have to make a further investigation into it." 8. swift

adj.

(1) 迅速发生;马上做出的,迅速的 迅速发生;马上做出的, 发生 eg: The White House was swift to deny the rumour. (2) 速度快的;敏捷的;矫健的 速度快的;敏捷的; eg: He is a swift runner. 辨析: 辨析: fast , rapid , swift, quick 快的, (1)fast "快的,迅速的,敏捷的 ,尤用于描述高速运动的人或事物。 ) 快的 迅速的,敏捷的“,尤用于描述高速运动的人或事物。 eg: He is the world's fastest runner in 2008.
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(2) rapid "短时间发生的;快速的,快捷的 ,常用于描述事物变化的速度,而非运 短时间发生的; 短时间发生的 快速的,快捷的”,常用于描述事物变化的速度, 或完成的速度。 动 或完成的速度。 eg: The disease is spreading at a rapid rate. (3) swift 通常用以描述事物发生或完成的速度 快而迅疾” 通常用以描述事物发生或完成的速度“快而迅疾 快而迅疾 eg: The government took swift action. (4) quick 常用以描述迅速或立刻完成的事 。 eg: His quick thinking saved her life. 9. similarity 搭配: 搭配:

n.
A 与 B 之间的相似性

similarity between A and B

similarity to sb / sth 与某人 某物有相似性 与某人/ similarity in sth 在...方面有相似性 方面有相似性 eg: 1) The report highlights (强调)the similarity between the two groups. 强调) 强调 2) She bears a striking similarity to her mother. 3) There is some similarity in the way they sing. 4) This game has many similarities to a boxing match. 拓展: 拓展:be similar to sb / sth be similar in sth

10. As Hippomenes watched he thought, " How can I run as fast as

Atlanta?"
as 的用法: 的用法: 时候”, 引导时间状从。 更强调动作或事情同时发生。 (1)“当...时候 ,= when / while , 引导时间状从。但 as 更强调动作或事情同时发生。 ) 当 时候 eg: As she left the room she remembered that book. (2) 随着 eg: As the sun rose, the fog disappeared. (3) 因为,由于。引导原因状语从句 因为,由于。 eg: We didn't know what to do as we were just visiting there. (4) 按照;如同。引导方式状从 按照;如同。 eg: You ought to do as Paul told you. (5) 引导比较状从 eg: The work is not so difficult as you imagine. (6) "尽管;虽然 引导让步状从 尽管; 尽管 虽然” eg: 1) Tired as he was, he sat up late. 2) Child as he is, he knows a lot. 3) Hard as he worked, he didn't pass the exam.
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4) Try as you may, you won't succeed. 11. When she stops to pick it up, you will be able to run past her and win. (1) stop to do ; stop doing sth ; stop sb ( from ) doing sth eg: 1) We stopped to have a rest. 2) It has stopped raining. 3) The mother tried to stop her daughter doing out on date. (2) pick up 1) 捡起 ;拾起 eg: The boy picked up the hat for the old man. 2) (用车)去接某人 用车) eg: I'll pick you up at 7 o'clock. 3) 获得;学会(尤指偶然地或无意中) 获得;学会(尤指偶然地或无意中) 地或无意中 eg: You can pick up Chinese easily if you live in China. 4) 收听到;接收 收听到; eg: We picked up signals for help from the buring plane. 5)恢复(健康、体力等) )恢复(健康、体力等) eg: The patient is rapidly picking up.

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