高二英语期末模拟试题（四）Module7 unit 4
一．单项选择 1. A completely new situation will _____ when the examination system comes into existence. A. arise B. rise C. raise D. arouse 2. The Internet is widel
y used，which the development of English. A. speeds up B. takes over C. gets across D. turns to 3. Sam _____ some knowledge of the computer just by watching others working on it. A. brought up B. looked up C. picked up D. set up 4. In our class, when the bell rang and the teacher closed his book, it was a ______ for everyone to stand up. A. signal B. chance C. mark D. measure 5. —Shall I ____ the raincoat? —No hurry. Leave it ____ it is. It looks like raining. A. put on; there B. put out; where C. put away; in the place D. put away; where 6. I was so excited at the news that I was admitted to the university that I could hardly _________ my feelings in words. A. convey B. carry C. transmit D. communicate
7．It is the Party ______ makes ______ for us to live a happy life. A．who；it is possible B．/ ；it possible C．that；it possible D．which；it is possible 8．He is easy to get along with.______ that，he is a determined boy. A．Apart B．Beside C．Except D．In addition to 9．—Because of the rain，we'll have to ______ the football match. —I'm free next Sunday if you would like to play then. A．advance B．postpone C．adapt D．advocate 10．______ from other continents for millions of years ，Australia has many special animals and plants. A．Being separated B．Having separated C．To be separated D．Having been separated 11．The better use you make ______ time，the greater contributions you will make ______ society. A．in；to B．of；to C．on；for D．up；for
12． The increasing number of cars on the road ___ traffic. This is the reason why we can’t get here on time. A. choke back B. choke down C. choke off D. choke up 13.It is reported that meeting ____ the pace of the reforms in the past ten years. A. has increased B .has accelerated C. has accumulated D. has accrued 14.____ the situation，Charles tried to improve the system by buying many of the different lines and setting up the company. A. Seeing B. Seen C. To see D. Having seen 15.. What worried the boy most was ___ to visit his father in the hospital. A. his not allowing. B. his not being allowed. C. having not been allowed. D. his being not allowed. 二.完型填空 My friend met with an accident when he drove in the darkness. His legs were so hurt that he couldn’t __1_. What was worse was that he found himself unable to ask for help – his mobile phone didn’t _2__. Nothing could be done but __3_ in cold wilderness. It was 8 hours late that day broke, and then the __4_ of the rescue.
It is almost __5_ that he could stand the horror in the darkness for so long. Even more surprising was his _6__, ―First of all， I checked up on my physical __7_ and found myself not in fatal (致命的) danger. Finding no _8__ to call for help, I leaned back to try my best to keep the wound from _9__ . In this way I fell asleep.‖ This __10_ me of another story: A group of young men __11_ to explore a mountain cave and got lost. _12__ to find a way out in the dark cave they were __13_ and ran anxiously without a sense of _14_. Finally they fell dead in fear and exhaustion. According to the _15_ people that found them, the place where they got lost was only about 10 meters away from the _16_ of the cave. If they stayed where they got lost and tried to 17__ themselves, they would probably _18__ a small light glimmering(闪烁) not far away. We can compare it with our __19_ itself. Sometimes when we meet with difficulties in life, we feel lost in the darkness. If it is unclear, you needn’t put up a struggle __20_. REMEMBER: calm down! B. move C. escape D. shout 1．A. recover B. operate C. ring D. work 2．A. control B. lie C. wait D. sleep 3．A. cry B. success C. team D. arrival 4．A. failure B. unbelievable C. reasonable D. strange 5．A. untrue B. decision C. explanation D. braveness 6．A. conclusion B. situations C. signs D. cases 7．A. conditions B. way C. road D. need 8．A. method B. spreading C. hurting D. bleeding 9．A. paining B. informs C. demands D. tells 10．A. reminds B. managed C. tried D. planned 11．A. had B. Unable C. Determined D. Deciding 12．A. Unwilling B. surprised C. excited D. disappointed 13．A. frightened B. sight C. touch D. direction 14．A. hearing B. village C. local D. brave 15．A. rescue B. top C. opening D. door 16．A. end B. help C. check D. calm 17．A. save B. sense C. catch D. realize 18．A. look B. accident C. life D. experience 19．A. adventure B. immediately C. carefully D. certainly 20．A. really 三、阅读理解 (A) Blaming traffic jams is quite reasonable, the cost of gas and the great speed of modern life, but manners on the road are becoming horrible. Everybody knows that the nicest men would become fierce tigers behind the wheel. It is all right to have a tiger in a cage, but to have one in the driver’s seat is another matter altogether. Road politeness is not only good manners, but good sense too. It takes the most cool-headed drivers great patience to give up the desire to beat back when forced to face rude driving. On the other hand, a little politeness goes a long way towards reducing the possibility of quarrelling and fighting. A friendly nod or a wave of thanks in answer to an act of politeness helps to create an atmosphere of good will and calm so necessary in modern traffic conditions. But such behaviors of politeness are by no means enough. Many drivers nowadays don’t even seem able to recognize
politeness when they see it. However, misplaced politeness can also be dangerous. Typical examples are the driver who waves a child crossing the street at a wrong place into the path of oncoming cars that may be not able to stop in time. The same goes for encouraging old ladies to cross the road wherever and whenever they want to. It always amazes me that the highways are not covered with the dead bodies of these grannies. An experienced driver, whose manners are faultless, told me it would help if drivers learnt to correctly join it traffic stream without causing total blockages that give rise to unpleasant feelings. Unfortunately, modern drivers can’t even learn to drive, let alone master the roadmanship. Years ago, experts warned us that the fast increase of the car ownership would demand more give-and-take from all road users. It is high time for all of us to take this message to heart. 1．According to the passage, troubles on the road are often caused by . A．road conditions B．the speed of modern life C．the behavior of the drivers D．the large number of cars 2．In the writer’s opinion, . A．drivers should avoid traffic jams B．strict traffic rules are badly needed C．unskillful drivers should be punished D．drivers should show road politeness properly 3．The underlined word ―give-and-take‖ means in the passage. A．politeness and impoliteness B．good manners and bad manners C．offering help to others as much as possible D．willingness of each person to give in to each other’s wishes 4．What is the best title of the passage? A．Road Politeness B．Traffic Problems C．Bad Manners on the Road D．Good Divers and Bad Drivers
(B) China - Beijing plans to build huge free or low-cost parking lots beyond the Fourth and Fifth
Ring Roads to encourage more car owners to take buses or subways to the downtown area. The plan is just one of the many measures the city plans to take to reduce its traffic jams as the 2008 Summer Olympic Games draw near. Low or no parking fees would be used as economic leverage(经济杠杆) to reduce growing parking demands from urban areas. Car owners living in the suburbs will be encouraged to park their cars beyond the Fourth and Fifth Ring Roads and take buses or subways to the downtown area. Statistics show that nearly one quarter of the city’s traffic flow is concentrated in the 62-square-kilometre downtown area within the Second Ring Road, which makes up only 12 per cent of the city’s total area. The Beijing Traffic Management Bureau, receives between 400 and 500 calls reporting traffic jams every day and more than 90 per cent of the roads are filled to capacity during rush hour every morning and evening. Part of the problem is the lack of easy links between bus routes, subways and cars. According to the communication commission, half of the city’s investment( 投 资 ) in transportation will go towards public transit construction in the next few years, marking a jump from the current only 20 per cent. Moreover, Beijing plans to change its layout(布局) by building new city centers, such as at Yizhuang, Tongzhou, Shunyi and Changping, in a bid to reduce the traffic flow to the downtown. The current layout of Beijing ? expanded ring roads around the same centre of the Forbidden City, is seen as the root cause of the endless traffic jams. The downtown area is crowded with three business centers and one financial centre, as well as
nearly 400 government organs and institutions. Traffic experts say building more urban centers around Beijing may reduce the number of residents living in the suburbs and traveling long distances to work downtown every day, thus reducing traffic flows. 1．In the coming years, if a man beyond the Fourth Ring Road goes to work in the downtown of Beijing, he is encouraged to _____. A. drive there directly B. take a taxi C. take buses or subways D. park his car in a place which asks for no fees 2．According to the passage, while more and more people drive to work in rush hour in Beijing, it is likely to _____. A. cause traffic accidents B. cause traffic jams C. save time D. reduce air pollution 3． The aim in building new city centers is to _____. A. develop its local resources B. solve the problem of more laid-off workers C. reduce the traffic flow to the downtown D. make it convenient for people to go shopping 4．The passage suggests the author _____. A. is tired of driving to work B. is for the plan to reduce Beijing’s traffic congestions C. finds it costs less to take subways than to drive D. has benefited a lot by driving to the downtown every day. 四．任务型阅读 (共 10 小题; 每小题 1 分, 满分 10 分) The expression, ―everybody’s doing it,‖ is very much at the center of the concept of peer pressure. It is a strong influence of a group, especially of children, on members of that group to behave as everybody else does. It can be positive or negative. Most people experience it in some way during their lives. People are social creatures by nature, and so it is hardly surprising that part of their self-respect comes from the approval of others. This instinct (天性) is why the approval of peers, or the fear of disapproval, is such a powerful force in many people’s lives. It is the same instinct that drives people to dress one way at home and another way at work, or to answer ―fine‖ when a stranger asks ―how are you?‖ even if it is not necessarily true. There is a practical aspect to this: it helps society to function efficiently, and encourages a general level of self-discipline that simplifies day-to-day interaction. For certain individuals, seeking social acceptance is so important that it becomes like an addiction; in order to satisfy the desire, they may go so far as to abandon their sense of right and wrong. Teens and young adults may feel forced to use drugs, or join gangs that encourage criminal behavior. Mature adults may sometimes feel pressured to cover up illegal activity at the company where they work, or end up in debt because they are unable to hold back the desire to buy a house or car that they can’t afford in an effort to ―keep up with the Joneses.‖ However, peer pressure is not always negative. A student whose friends are good at
academics may be urged to study harder and get good grades. Players on a sports team may feel driven to play harder in order to help the team win. This type of influence can also get a friend off drugs, or to help an adult take up a good habit or drop a bad one. Study groups and class projects are examples of positive peer groups that encourage people to better themselves. Schools try to teach kids about the dangers of negative peer pressure. They teach kids to stand up and be themselves, and encourage them to politely decline to do things that they believe are wrong. Similarly, it can be helpful to encourage children to greet the beneficial influence of positive peer groups.
五．书面表达 (满分 25 分) 请阅读下面短文,并按照要求用英语写一篇 150 词左右的文章。 When we read newspapers, we often come across such English words as ―AIDS‖ and ―PK.‖ When we watch TV, we frequently hear words like ―NBA‖ or ―PM2.5.‖ When we speak, we automatically use words like ―OUT‖ or ―Bye-bye.‖ English words and expressions like these are
getting popular. They have already become part of our daily language. And 239 English words have been included in the latest Dictionary of Contemporary Chinese. ZXXK The inclusion has started a heated discussion. A group of scholars signed a letter of complaint over the inclusion of these English words, which, they think, goes against Chinese language policies. They not only worry that Chinese is borrowing an increasing number of English words but are also concerned that the inclusion may hurt the dignity of the Chinese language. However, others are in favor of the inclusion because it is hard to say whether it will threaten the Chinese language. They believe the selection is mostly a result of their function and use in daily life. [写作内容] 1. 用约 30 个单词写出上文概要; 2. 用约 120 个单词发表你的观点,内容包括: (1)支持或反对汉语词典收录英语词汇; (2)用 2- 3 个理由或论据支撑你的观点。 [写作要求] 1. 可以支持文中任一观点,但必须提供理由或论据; 2. 阐述观点或提供论据时,不能直接引用原文语句; 3. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称; 4. 不必写标题。 [评分标准] 内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。