惠州市第一中学高二年级 4 月月考英语科试卷
本试卷分第 1 卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。全卷共 10 页，满分 135 分，考试时 间 120 分钟。 第I卷 注意事项： 1．答第 I 卷前，考生务必将自己的姓名和考生号、试室号、座位号填写在答题卡上，并用 铅笔在答题卡上的相应位置填涂考生号。 2．选出每小题答案后，用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑，
如需改动，用橡皮擦 干净后，再选涂其他答案标号，不能答在本试卷上，否则无效。 第一部分阅读理解(共两节，满分 40 分) 第一节 (共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。 (A)
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3. Where can you most probably read this passage? A. In a travel guide book． 牌）． C. In a health magazine. D. In a doctor's prescription. (B) Whatever our differences as human beings are, we all think we’re more like the rest of the animal world than we realize. It is said that we share 40 per cent of our genetic（遗传的）structure with the simple worm. But that fact has helped Sir John Sulston win the 2002 Nobel Prize for Medicine. Sir John is the founder of the Sanger Institute in Cambridge, which was set up in 1992 to get further understanding of the human genome（染色体组）. To help them do this, they turned to the worm. The nematode（线虫类的）worm is one of the earliest creatures on planet earth. It is less than one millimeter long, completely transparent and spends its entire life digging holes through sand. But it still has lots to say about human life, and what can be done to make it better. What the worm told Sir John and his colleagues was that each of cells in the human body is programmed like a computer. They grow, develop and die according to a set of instructions that are coded in our genetic make-up. Many of the diseases that humans suffer from happen when these instructions go wrong or are not obeyed. When the cell refuses to die but carries on growing instead, this leads to cancer. Heart attacks and diseases like AIDS cause more cell deaths than normal, increasing the damage they do to the body. Sir John was the first scientist to prove the existence of programmed cell death. 4．Sir John Sulston got a Nobel Prize for Medicine because he ha s A．found that human beings are similar to the worm B．got the fact we share 40 per cent of our genetic structure with the simple worm C．found the computer which controls each of the cells in the human body D．proved that cell death is programmed 5．People might be seriously ill if the cells in their body A．grow without being instructed body 6．The underlined word “they” (paragraph 5) refers to A．cell deaths B．diseases C．instructions . D．cells
B. On a university bulletin board（布告
B．die regularly D．develop in the human
C．fail to follow people’s instructions
7．What is the subject discussed in the text? A ． The theory of programmed cell deaths. Sulston. C．The programmed human life. (C) Several days ago, a Beijing - based IT company fired about 400 people overnight. No one had expected the job cuts, which broke with traditional ways of letting go of workers in China. Moreover, what was special about this case was that the day before the 400 were fired, they all received from their boss a gift - the book “Who Moved My Cheese?”. The book - a bestseller in the US - is being used by men and women to deal with changes in their lives and work. Some large organizations, including Coca- Cola, Kodak and General Motors, ask their employees to read it in order to encourage them to be active towards changes. Cheese is something related to everyone’s livelihood - our jobs, the industries we work in, relationships and love as well. With China’s official entry into WTO, the whole nation will face up to more changes and challenges. So what should we do once this “cheese” on which we are so dependent is moved? “Whatever challenges and changes we meet, we should face up to them bravely” Jiang Hengwei, a civil servant said after reading the book. Professor Yang in Renmin University of China agrees. “We sho uld change our way of thinking. The coming competitive foreign companies and products provide us with great chances to learn from them and improve our own products to meet international standards and be more competitive.” “With hard work and wisdom, we will create a much larger and better piece of cheese. ”Zhang smiled confidently. 8．The whole passage is about________. A. a bestseller in the US B. what people think about China’s entry into the WTO C. people’s attitude toward changes and challenges D. how a book influences the Chinese workers 9.The company in Beijing gave each of the 400 fired workers a copy of “Who Moved My Cheese” in order to________. A. be more competitive with foreign firms job cuts C. let the workers make a living on their own workers
B ． A great scientist—Sir John
B. find an excuse for their D. encourage the fired
10．The word “cheese”in the passage can refer to________. A. something we depend on for a living C. change or challenge B. a most important kind of food D. way of life
11．From what Hengwei and Professor Zhang Yang said, we can know that________. A. they have differ ent opinions on changes and challenges B. people are not afraid of competition f rom foreign companies C. the Chinese people are ready to face any changes and challenges D. they are both greatly encouraged by the book
(D) Babies are not just passing idle time when they stare goggle-eyed at the television—they are actually learning about the world, U.S. res earchers said. Parents may want to limit what their babies see on television , based on the study, said Donna Mumme, assistant professor of psychology at Tufts University in Boston, who led the research. “Children as young as 12 months are making decisions based on the emotional(情感的)reactions of adults around them,” Mumme said in a statement. “It turns out they can also use emotional information they pick up from television. This means that adults might want to think twice before they speak in a loud and harsh voice or let a baby see television programs meant for information about the world. A mother urging her baby to eat some “yummy” soup or a brother crying in fear when a dog approaches can influence a baby’s reaction. Mumme’s team tested babies to determine. If television has the same influence, showing actors reacting on a videotape to objects such as red spiral letter holder, a blue bumpy ball, and a yellow garden hose attachment. Babies aged 10 months or 12 months were later given the same objects to play with. Ten-month-olds did not seem to be influenced by the video but the 1-year-olds were. When the actors acted neutrally or positively to an object, the babies happily played with them. But if the actor had seemed afraid or disgusted, the babies would avoid the object. 12．Psychology is the study of A．human’s society and its growth C．human’s mind and behaviors . B．human’s hopes had dreams D．human’s languages and cultures
13．Which of the following is Mumme’s conclusion? A．Small babies should not be allowed to watch television programs. B．Adults need to think twice before they act in front of small babies. C．TV programs provide small babies with all the information they need. D．One-year-olds can be emotionally influenced by TV programs.
14．Mumme reached his conclusion by
A．measuring the time babies spent in front of TV. B．making TV programs and advertisements for kids. C．showing actors how to react to blue bumpy balls D．observing small babies’ reactions to TV programs 15．Which of the following may the study lead to according to the researchers? A．Parents may want to limit what their babies see on television. B．Actors may try to behave themselves well in front of babies. C．Babies may be allowed to choose what they see on TV. D．Scientists may stop ignoring babies’ emotional world.
第二节 (共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 l0 分) 根据短文内容， 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为多余 选项。 16 __You probably think you will never be a top student. This is not necessarily so, however. Anyone can become a better student if he or she wants to. Here’s how: Plan your time carefully. When planning your work, you should make a list of things that you have to do. After making this list, you should make a schedule of your time. First your time for eating, sleeping, dressing, etc. Then decide a good, regular time for studying. 17__ A weekly schedule may not solve all your problems,
but it will force you realize what is happening to your time. Find a good place to study. Look around the house for a good study area. Keep this space, which may be a desk or simply a corner of your room, free of everything but study materials. No games, radios, or television. When you sit down to study, concentrate on the subject. Make good use of your time in class. 18__ Listening carefully in class means
less work later. Taking notes will help you remember what the teacher says. Study regularly. When you get home from school, go over your notes, review the important points that your teacher is going to discuss the next day, read that material. 19_ If you do these things regularly, the material will become more
meaningful, and you’ll remember it longer. Develop a good attitude towards tests. The purpose of a test is to show what you have learned about a subject. They help you remember your new knowledge. The
world won’t end if you don’t p ass a test, so don’t be over worried. 20_ You will probably discover them after you have tried these. A. There are other methods that might help you with your studying. B. Don’t forget to set aside enough time for entertainment. C. Take advantage of class time to listen to everything the teacher says. D. No one can become a top student unless he or she works hard. E. Maybe you are an average student. F. Make full use of class time to take notes of what the teacher says in class. G. This will help you understand the next class. 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节，满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出可以填人空白处 的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 On Wednesday afternoon Annie took the bus into town to shop in the market. For an hour or so she would walk up and down between the stalls（售货台） looking at everything, buying here and there, and 21 a sharp lookout for the bargains that 22 she needs bought ,she would 24 she liked
were something to be had．And then, with all the leave the market for the 23
of the town to spend another hour
best, looking in furniture-shop windows. One Wednesday she found a 25 a 26 shop full of the most delightful things, with 27 they had to buy
inviting anyone to walk in and look round without 28
something. Annie hesitated a moment almost at once, she stopped chair which 30 29
stepping through the doorway where,
before a green armchair. There was a card on the
,“This fine chair is yours for less than a pound a week,” and
very small at the bottom, “Cash price eighty-nine pounds fifty.” A pound a week ?Why, she could almost pay that out of her housekeeping money and never it! A voice at her shoulder made her 32 .“Can I help you, Madam?” She looked 31
33 at the assistant who had come softly to her 34 “Oh, well, no,” she said, “I was just “We have chairs of all kinds in the find something to 37 you.” Annie, worried at the thought of being left the shop 21．A．taking 40 . B．making C．fixing D．keeping 38 to buy something she didn't 39 , 36 35 .”
. If you'll just come up, you will
22．A．chairs 23．A．shops station 24．A．in the way 25．A．new 26．A．message 27．A．arguing 28．A．when 29．A．doubted 30．A．wrote 31．A．lose 32．A．jump 33．A．round 34．A．place 35．A．thinking 36．A．doorway 37．A．suit 38．A．advised 39．A．like 40．A．slowly
B．furniture B．streets B．by the way B．noisy B．notice B．knowing B．before B．encouraged B．told B．miss B．run B．straight B．back B．looking B．storehouse B．fit B．made B．afford B．thoughtfully
D．bargains D ． bus
C．delightful things C．in a way C．large C．note C．frightening C．after C．puzzled C．informed C．pass C．laugh C．front C．side C．walking C．showroom C．serve C．persuaded C．pay C．hurriedly D．in one way D．strange D．flag D．feeling D．while D．delighted D．said D．make D．surprise D．up D．front D．passing D．market D．match D．cheated D．need D．carefully
第Ⅱ卷 注意：将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。 第一部分 基础题（共两节；满分 15 分） 第一节 根据所给首字母或中文提示写出正确形式的单词。（每小题 1 分，共 6 分） 41. He is not old enough to understand how to 42.Due to the lack of the blame for the accident right now. 43.To my 44.I was not in f disagreed. 45.The river is four metres in d . （满意）,my daughter has done all the housework. of what is being done here;in other words,I （操作）the machine?
（目击证人）, it is difficult to apportion
46.Nowadays,you can see many students wearing glasses because of bad e .
第二节 根据所给中文句子，补充完整英文翻译。（每空 1 分，共 9 分） 47.等我爬到山顶的时候，已经是上气不接下气了。 By the time I got to the top of the hill, I was
48.他连伙食钱都不够，更不必说娱乐了。 He hasn't enough money for food, 49.上星期我才察觉到我的所得是多么的低。 Only last week did I become 50.你多长时间收到你姐姐一封信? How often do you 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节；满分 45 分) 第二节 (共 10 小题；每小题 l．5 分，满分 l5 分) About six years ago I was eating lunch in a restaurant in New York City 51___________ a woman and a young boy sat down at the next table. I couldn’t help 52__________ (overhear) parts of their conversation. At one point 53___________ woman asked: “ So, how have you been?” And the boy, who couldn’t have been more than seven or eight years old, replied, “Frankly, I’ve been feeling a little depressed 54 56. (late).” This incident 55___________ (stick) in my mind because it confirmed my growing (believe) that children are changing. As far as I can remember, my friends we were “depressed” until we were in high school. and I didn’t find 57. your sister? how low my finances were. amusements .
The evidence of a change in children 58__________ (increase) steadily in recent years. Children don’t seem childlike any more. Children speak more like adults, dress more like adults and behave more like adults than 59. (their) used to. Whether this is good or bad 60 why? 第三部分 写作(共两节；满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错 (共 10 小题；每小题 l 分，满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文， 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧)，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线(＼)划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意： 1．每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2．只允许修改 l0 处，多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Though a great progress has been made in science these years ,there are still (be) difficult to say, but it certainly is different. Children as it once was no longer exists,
many people live in poor conditions .They make their living by collecting and selling used thing .Their children cannot go to school because they had not enough money to send their children here .Why you think so many people still suffer from poverty now?The answer lies on the population explosion.A president of a developing country once said ,“It is us who are to blame for the poverty because we used to producing children without limit .”Although these few words sound simple enough ,they have clear pointed out one of the causes of the population explosion.
第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 每个人对待幸福的态度和感觉都不一样，请你就 What Is Happiness? 这一话题谈谈你对幸 福的看法。主要内容如下： 1.不同的人对幸福有不同的看法(从物质、精神等方面分析)； 2.我对幸福的看法。 注意： 1．词数 100 左右； 2．可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。
惠州市第一中学高二 年级 4 月月考 英语试题答案 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 1-3 A CC 4-7 DABA 8-11 CDAC 12-15 CDDA 16-20 EBCGA
完型填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 21—25 DCBAA 26—30 BDBDD 31—35 BAADB 36—40 CACDC
基础知识（共两节，满分 15 分） 第一节 （每小题 1 分，共 6 分） 41.operate 46.eyesight 评分标准：词形不对（包括大小写）不给分。 第二节 （每空 1 分，共 9 分） 47.out of breath 48.leave alone 49.aware of 50.hear from 42.witnesses 43.satisfaction 44.favor(favour) 45.depth
评分标准：按对应空格给分。 语篇填空：（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 51.when 56.belief 52.overhearing 57.out 53.the 54.lately 55.stuck 60.is
58.has increased 59.they
评分标准：1.与标准答案不符的不给分 2.大小写不符合要求的不给分 写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 短文改错（共 1 小题，满分 10 分） Though a great progress has been made in science these years ,there are still many people live in poor conditions .They make their living by collecting and selling used thing .Their children living things cannot go to school because they had not enough money to send their children here .Why
∧you have there do think so many people still suffer from poverty now?The answer lies on the population explosion.A in president of a developing country once said ,“It is us who are to blame for the poverty because we we used to producing children without limit .”Although these few words sound simple enough ,they produce have clear pointed out one of the causes of the population explosion. clearly 评分标准：1.改法不规范的不给分 2.大小写不符合要求的不给分
第二节 书面表达（共 1 小题，满分 25 分） Happiness means different things to different people. Some people believe that if they are wealthy, they will be able to do anything they want, which means happiness. others believe that holding a high position in the government is happiness. In this way, they have not only money but also power. However, some people have quite opposite opinions. They value their belief, or their intelligence, or their health, which they think can make them happy. As for me, happiness is closely tied to my studies, and my family. When I make great progress in studies, and when all the members in my family live in harmony, I will be happy.In my view,it is happiness. (115words)
(一)评分原则：（按高考评分原则评分） 1、本题总分为 25 分，按 5 个档次给分。 2、评分时，先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次，然后以该档次的要求来衡量， 确定或调整档次，最后给分。 3、词数少于 80 和多于 120 的，从总分中减去 2 分。 4、评分时应注意的主要内容为：内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构的数量和准确性及上下文 的连贯性。 5、拼写与标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面。评分时应视其对交际的影响程度予以考虑。 英、美拼写及词汇用法均可接受。