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2014年全国高考英语试题及答案-新课标2


历年全国高考试题

2014 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试新课标 II 卷





本试卷分第 I 卷(选择题)和第 II 卷(非选择题)两部分。考试结束后,将本试卷和答案卡一并交 回。 注意事项: 1.答第 I 卷前考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。 2.选出每小题答案前,用 2

B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干 净后,再选涂其他答案标号框,不能答在本试卷上,否则无效。 第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂 到答题卡上。 第一节(共 5 个小题:每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一道小题,从每题所给的 A B C 三个选项中选出最佳选项, 并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。 每段对话仅读一遍。 例:How much is the shirt? A. £19.15 B.£9.18 C. £9.15 答案是 C 1.What does the woman want to do? A.Find a place B.Buy a map C.Get an address 2.What will the man do for the woman? A.Repair her car B.Give her a ride C.Pick up her aunt 3.Who might Mr.Peterson be? A.A new professor. B.A departmet head. C.A company director 4.What does the man think of the book? A.Quite difflcult B.Very interesting C.Too simple 5. What are the speakers talking about? A.Weather B.Clothes C.News 第二节(共 15 小题:每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或对白,每段对话或对白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中 选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置,听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题。每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 断材料,回答第 6、7 题。 6.Why is Harry unwilling to join woman? A.He has a pain in his knee. B.He wants watch TV. C.He is too lazy. 7.What will the woman probably do next?

历年全国高考试题

A.stay at home

B.Take Harry to hospital.

C.Do some exercise

听第 7 段材料,回答第 8、9 题 8.When will the man be home from work? A.At 5:45 B.At 6:15 9.Where will the speakers go? A.The Green House Cinema B.The New State Cinema C.The UME Cinema

C.At 6:50

听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。 10.How will the speakers go to New York? A.By air B.By Txi C.By bus 11.Why are the speakers making the trip? A.For businiss B.For shopping C.For holiday 12.What is the probable relationship between the speakers? A.Driver and passenger B.Husband and wife Fellow workers 听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。 13.where does this conversation probably take place? A.In a restaurant B.In an office C.In a classroom 14.What does John do now? A.He‘s trainer. B.He‘s a tour guide C.He‘s a college student 15.How much can a new person for the first year? A. $10,500 B. $12,000 C. $15,000 16.How many people will the woman hire? A.Four B.Three C. Two

听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。 17.How long has the speaker lived in a big city? A.One year B.Ten years C.Eighteen years. 18.What is the speaker‘s opinion on public transport? A.It‘s comfortable B.It‘s time-saving C.It‘s cheap 19.Whay is good about living in a small town? A.It‘s safer B.It‘s healthier C.It‘s more convenient 20.What kind of life does the speakers seem to like most? A.Busy, B.Colourful. C.Quiet

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分)

历年全国高考试题

阅读下列短文,从学科网每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。并在答题卡上 将该选项涂黑. A Arriving in Sydney on his own from India, my husband, Rashid, stayed in a hotel for a short time while looking for a short time while looking for a house for me and our children. During the first week of his stay, he went out one day to do some shopping. He came back in the late afternoon to discover that his suitcase was gone. He was extremely worried as the suitcase had all his important papers, including his passport. He reported the case to the police and then sat there,lost and lonely in strange city, thinking of the terrible troubles of getting all the paperwork organized again from a distant country while trying to settle down in a new one. Late in the evening, the phone rang. It was a stranger. He was trying to pronounce my husband‘s name and was asking him a lot of questions. Then he said they had found a pile of papers in their trash can (垃圾 桶)that had been left out on the footpath. My husband rushed to their home to find a kind family holding all his papers and documents. Their young daughter had gone to the trash can and found a pile of unfamiliar papers. Her parents had carefully sorted them out, although they had found mainly foreign addresses on most of the documents. At last they had seen a half-written letter in the pile in which my husband had given his new telephone number to a friend. That family not only restored the important documents to us that day but also restored our faith and trust in people. We still remember their kindness and often send a warm wish their way. 21. What did Rashid plan to do after his arrival in Sydney? A. Go shopping B. Find a house C. Join his family D. Take his family 22. The girl‘s parents got Rashid‘s phone number from_______. A. a friend of his family B. a Sydney policeman C. a letter in his papers D. a stranger in Sydney 23. What does the underlined word ―restored‖ in the last paragraph mean? A. Showed B. Sent out C. Delivered D. Gave back 24. Which of the following can be the best title for the text? A. From India to Australia. B. Living in a a New Country. C. Turning Trash to Treasure. D. In Search of New Friends. B

历年全国高考试题

Since the first Earth Day in 1970,American have gotten a lot ―greener‖ toward the environment . ―We didn‘t know at that time there even was an environment, let alone that there was a problem with it,‖ says Bruce Anderson, president of Earth Day USA. But what began as nothing important in public affairs has grown into a social movement .Business people, political leaders, university professors, and especially millions of grass-roots Americans are taking part in the movement. ―The understanding has increased many ,many times,‖ says Gaylord Nelson, the former governor from Wisconsin, who thought up the first. According to US government reports , emissions (排放)from cars and trucks have dropped from 10.3 million tons a year to 5.5 tons .The number of cities producing CO beyond the standard has been reduced from 40 to 9 .Although serious problems still remain and need to be dealt with , the world is a safer and healthier place .A kind of ―Green thinking ‖ has become part of practices . Great improvement has been achieved .In 1988 there were only 600 recycling programs ,; today in 1995 there are about 6,600 .Advanced lights ,motors , and building designs have helped save a lot of energy and therefore prevented pollution . Twenty –five years ago , there were hardly any education programs for environment .Today , it‘s hard to find a public school , university , or law school that does not have such a kind of program .‖ Until we do that , nothing else will change! ‖ say Bruce Anderson . 25 According to Anderson , before 1970, Americans had little idea about ___ A. the social movement B. recycling techniques C. environmental problems D. the importance of Earth Day 26 Where does the support for environmental protection mainly come from? A. The grass –roots level B. The business circle C. Government officials D. University professors 27. What have \Americans achieved in environmental protection ? A. They have cut car emissions to the lowest B. They have settled their environmental problems C. They have lowered their CO levels in forty cities. D. They have reduced pollution through effective measures . 28. What is especially important for environmental protection according to the last paragraph ? A. Education B. Planning C. Green living D. CO reduction

C
One of the latest trend(趋势) in American Childcare is Chinese au pairs. Au Pair in Stamford, for example, has got increasing numbers of request for Chinese au pairs from aero to around 4,000 since 2004.

历年全国高考试题

And that‘s true all across the country. ―I thought it would be useful for him to learn Chinese at an early age‖ Joseph Stocke, the managing director of s company, says of his 2-year old son. ―I would at least like to give him the chance to use the language in the future,‖ After only six months of being cared by 25-year-old woman from China, the boy can already understand basic Chinese daily expressions, his dad says. Li Drake, a Chinese native raising two children in Minnesota with an American husband, had another reason for looking for an au pair from China. She didn‘t want her children to miss out on their roots.‖ Because I am Chinese, my husband and I wanted the children to keep exposed to(接触) the language and culture.‖ she says. ―Staying with a native speaker is better for children than simply sitting in a classroom,‖ says Suzanne Flynn, a professor in language education of Children.‖ But parents must understand that just one year with au pair is unlikely to produce wonders. Complete mastery demands continued learning until the age of 10 or 12.‖ The popularity if au pairs from china has been strengthened by the increasing numbers of American parents who want their children who want their children to learn Chinese. It is expected that American demand for au pairs will continue to rise in the next few years. 29.What does that term‖ au pair‖ in the text mean? A. A mother raising her children on her own B. A child learning a foreign language at home C. A professor in language education of children D. A young foreign woman taking care of children. 30. Li Drake has her children study Chinese because she wants them ______. A. to live in China some day B. to speak the language at home C. to catch up wit other children D. to learn about the Chinese culture 31. What can we infer from the text? A. Learning Chinese is becoming popular In America, B. Educated woman do better in looking after children C. Chinese au pairs need to improve their English Skills. D. Children can learn a foreign language well in six months. D Metro Pocket Guide Metrorail(地铁) Each passenger needs a farecard to enter and go out. Up to two children under ago five may travel free with a paying customer. Farecard machine are in every station, Bring small bills because there are no change machines in the station and farecard machine only provide up to $ 5 in change. Get one of unlimited Metrorail rides with a One Day Pass. Buy it from a farecard machine in Metro stations. Use it after 9:30 a.m. until closing on weekdays, and all day on weekends and holidays.

历年全国高考试题

Hours of Service Open: 5 a.m Mon-Fri 7a.m. Sat—Sun . Close midnight Sun—Thur. Last train time vary. To avoid missing the last train, please check the last train time posted in the station. Metrobus When paying with exact change, the fare is $ 1.35 . when paying with a smatTrip? CARD the fare is $1.25 Fares for the Senior /disabled customers Senior citizens 65 and older and disabled customers may ride for half the regular fare. On Metrorail and Metrobus, use a senior/disabled farecard or SmarTrip? card. For more information about buying senior/disabled farecards, farecard or SmarTripR card and passes, please visit MetroOpenDoors.com or call 202-637-7000 and 202-637-8000. Senior citizens and disabled customers can get free guide on how to use proper Metrobus and Metrorail services by calling 202-962-1100 Travel tips . avoid riding during weekday rush periods –before 9:30 a.m. and between 4 and 6 p.m. . if you lose something on a bus or train or in a station, please call Lost & Found at 202-962-1195. 32. what should you know about farecard machine? A. They start selling tickets at 9:30 a.m. B. They are connected to change machines. C. They offer special service to the elderly. D. They make change for no more than $5. 33. At what time does Metrorail stop service on Saturday? A. At midnight B. at 3 a.m. C. at 5 am D. at 7 p.m. 34. What is good about a SmarTrip? card? A. It is convenient for old people B. It saves money for its users C. it can be bought at any time D. it is sold on the Internet. 35. Which number should you call if you lose something on the Metro? A. 202-962-1195 B.202-962-1100 C.202-673-7000 D.202-673-8000 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Tips for cooking on a Tight Schedule From my experience, there are three main reasons why people don‘t cook more often: ability, money and time, ____36__Money is a topic I‘ll save for another day. So today I want to give you some wisdom about how to make the most of the time you spend in the kitchen. Here are three tips for great cooking on a tight schedule: 1. Think ahead. The moments when I think cooking is a pain are when I‘m already hungry and there is nothing ready to eat. So think about of the coming week. When will you have time to cook? Do you have the right materials ready?_____37___ 2. Make your time worth it. When you do find time to cook a meal, make the most of it and save

历年全国高考试题

yourself time later on. Are you making one loaf of bread? ___38___ it takes around the same amount of time to make more of something. So save yourself the effort for a future meal. 3. ____39____ This may surprise you, but one of the best tools for making cooking worth your time is experimentation. It gives you the chance to hit upon new ideas and recipes that can work well with your appetite and schedule. The more you learn and the more you try, the more ability you have to take control of your food and your schedule. Hopefully that gives you a good start. ____40___ and don‘t let a busy schedule discourage you from making some great changes in the way you eat and live! A. Try new things. B. Ability is easily improved. C. Make three or four instead. D. Understand your food better. E. Cooking is a burden for many people. F. Let cooking and living simply be a joy rather than a burden. G. A little time planning ahead can save a lot of work later on. 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A, B, C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的 最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Joe Simpson and Simon Yates were the first people to climb the West Face of the Siula Grande in the Andes mountains. They reached the top __41_____, but on their way back conditions were very _42______. Joe fell and broke his leg. They both knew that if Simon __43_____ alone, he would probably get back _44______. But Simon decided to risk his __45_____ and try to lower Joe down the mountain on a rope(绳). As they __46_____ down, the weather got worse. Then another ___47____ occurred. They couldn‘t see or hear each other and, ___48____, Simon lowered his friend over the edge of a precipice(峭壁). It was ___49____ for Joe to climb back or for Simon to pull him up. Joe‘s _50_____ was pulling Simon slowly towards the precipice. ___51____, after more than an hour in the dark and the icy cold, Simon had to __52_____. In tears, he cut the rope. Joe __53_____ into a large crevasse(裂缝)in the ice below. He had no food or water and he was in terrible pain. He couldn‘t walk, but he __54_____ to get out of the crevasse and started to ___55____ towards their camp, nearly ten kilometers __56_____. Simon had ___57____ the camp at the foot of the mountain. He thought that Joe must be __58_____, but he didn‘t want to leave ___59____. Three days later, in the middle of the night, he heard Joe‘s voice. He couldn‘t ___60____ it. Joe was there, a few meters from their tent, still alive. 41.A. hurriedly B. carefully .C. successfully D. early 42. A. difficult B. similar C. special D. normal 43. A. climbed B. worked C. rested . D. continued 44. A. unwillingly B. safely C. slowly D. regretfully 45. A. fortune B. time C. health D. life 46. A. lay B. settled C. went D. looked

历年全国高考试题

47. A. damage 48. A. by mistake 49. A. unnecessary 50. A. height 51. A. Finally 52. A. stand back 53. A. jumped 54. A. managed 55. A. run 56. A. around 57. A. headed for 58. A. dead 59. A. secretly 60. A. find

B. storm B. by chance B. practical B. weight B. Patiently B. take a rest B. fell B. planned B. skate B. away B. travelled B. hurt B. tiredly B. believe

C. change D. trouble C. by chance D. by luck C. important D. impossible C. strength .D. equipment .C. Surely D. Quickly C. make a decision .D. hold on C. escaped D. backed C. waited D. hoped C. move D. march C. above D. along C. left for D. returned to C. weak D. late .C. immediately D. anxiously C. make D. accept .第Ⅱ卷

第三部分 英语知识运用 第二节 (共 10 分;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 One morning, I was waiting at the bus stop, worried about __61___ (be) late for school. There were many people waiting at the bus stop, ___62____ some of them looked very anxious and ___63__ (disappoint) . when the bus finally came, we all hurried on board. I got a place next ____64___ the window, so I had a good view of the sidewalk. A boy on a bike ____65___ (catch ) my attention. He was riding beside the bus and waving his arms. I heard a passenger behind me shouting to the driver, but he refused ____66___ (stop) until we reached the next stop. Still, the boy kept ____67___(ride). He was carrying something over his shoulder and shouting. Finally, when we came to the next stop, the boy ran up the door of the bus. I heard an excited conversation. Then the driver stood up and asked,“____68___ anyone lose a suitcase at the last stop?‖ A woman on the bus shouted, ―Oh, dear! It ?s ____69___ (I )‖. She pushed her way to the driver and took the suitcase thankfully, Five others on the bus began talking about what the boy had done and the crowd of strangers ___70__(sudden) became friendly to one another. 第四部分:写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 有 10 处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(Λ ),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意: 1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。

历年全国高考试题

My dream school starts at 8:30 a.m and ends at 3:30 p.m. They are three lesson in the morning and two in the afternoon. We didn‘t need to do so many homework. Therefore , we have more time with after-school activities. For example, we can do reading for one and a half hour and play sport for one hour every day. My dream school look like a big garden. There are all kinds of the flowers and trees around the classroom, buildings. We can lie on the grass for a rest, sat by the lake listening music. The teachers here are kind and helpfully. They are not only our teachers but also our friends. 第二节 书面表达 (25 分) 一家英语报社向中学生征文,主题是“十年后的我” 、请根据下列要求和你的想象完成短文、 1、 家庭 2、 工作 3、 业余生活 注意:1、次数 100 左右;2、可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;3. 开头语已为你写好 I often imagine what my life will be like in the future. _____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________

2014 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试新课标 II 卷 英
参考答案 第一部分 1-5ABCBA 6-10 BCACA 11-15ACBCA 16-20CBCAB 第二部分 21—25 BCDCC 26—300 ADADD 31—35 ADBBA 36—40 BGCAF 第三部分 41—45 CADBD 46—50 CDADB 51—55 ACBAC 56—60 BDACB 61. being 62. and 63. disappointed 64. to 65. caught 66. to stop 67. riding 68.did 69. me/mine 70. suddenly 第四部分 My dream school starts at 8:30 a.m. and ends at 3:30 p.m. They are three lesson There in the morning and two in the afternoon. We didn‘t need to do so many homework. don‘t much Therefore , we have more time with after-school activities. For example, we can do reading



历年全国高考试题

for for one and a half hour and play sport for one hour every day. hours My dream school look like a big garden. There are all kinds of the flowers looks and trees around the classroom, buildings. We can lie on the grass for a rest, sat by the sit lake listening∧ music. The teachers here are kind and helpfully. They are not only our to helpful teachers but also our friends. one Possible Version I often imagine what my life will be like in the future. I think my life will be very different in ten years. I will be twenty-eight years old by then. I will have my own family. Probably with a lovely child. I hope I will work in a computer company as a program designer. I will enjoy my work and get along well with my colleagues, I will do a good job in whatever I do. In my free time, I will continue to take regular exercise, such as swimming, running and various ball games. On my holidays, I will travel around the world. In a word, my life will be much richer and more colorful.


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