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课文语篇填空


高考一轮复习语篇综合填空
(依据人民教育出版社《普通高中课程标准实验教科书》必修和选修教材编写)

编者的话
高考英语试题早已由知识立意转向能力立意, 但语言知识的学习不容有丝毫 忽视,建空中楼阁的惨痛教训不可忘记。面对新课标实施后的第一届考生,如何 在夯实语言基础知识的基础上突出综合语言能力的培养,如何在语言运用 (Language Us

e)和语言知识(Language form)之间架设一个双向平台,尤其在 高考英语一轮复习中如何实现这一目标,是我们长期以来不断思考和探索的课 题。 《高考一轮复习语篇综合填空》在这方面做了积极而有益的尝试,我们试图 通过给课文设空的形式让考生首先站在语篇的高度来复习课文, 设空原则以考查 实词为主,同时兼顾连词、介词等。设空类型分为:1、根据上下文语境和单词 首字母提示填写合适的词。2、根据上文语境填写合适的词。 3、根据上下文语 境用括号中词的合适形式填空。 4、根据上下文语境选择合适的词填空。这样词 汇知识的复习不再是孤立的毫无意义的个体, 而是含有丰富语义的语篇中的活的 组成部分。这样的复习才能达到“温故而知新”的目的。 ●使用说明: 第一步:要求学生首先通读练习全文,然后逐空作答,并将答案写在右侧。第 二步:要求学生解题时首先独立完成,然后对照课文小组活动,讨论交流。 第三步:要求指导教师对学生的不同答案都进行科学的分析,并做出合理的 解释。 第四步:对本单元重点词汇进行语义和话题分类,然后针对热点考点进行针 对性讲解与训练。

必修(一) Unit 1
Do you want a friend __ deepest f__

Friendship
you could tell everything to, like your ________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

ANNE’S BEST FRIEND
and thoughts? Or are you afraid that your friend would (go through)? Ann

laugh at you, or just can‘t understand what you __ Frank wanted the first kind, so she __

her diary her best friend.

Ann lived in Amsterdam in the Netherlands during World War II. Her family was Jewish so they had to hide or they __ (catch) by the

German Nazis. She and her family hid away for two years before they __ (discover). During that time the only true friend was her diary. She a series of facts in a diary __ most

said, ―I don‘t want to __

people did, but I want this diary itself to be my friend, and I shall call my friend Kitty.‖ Now read __ over a year. she felt after being in the hiding place for

Thursday 15, June, 1944 Dear Kitty, I __ if it‘s because I haven‘t been able to be outdoors for so about everything to do with nature. I can a deep blue sky, the song of

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ awake on purpose _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ Yours, Anne _________________ _________________

long that I‘ve grown so c__

well remember that there was a time __ the birds, m__

and flowers could never have kept me spellbound.

That‘s changed since I was here. ….. For example, when it was so warm, I s__ until half past eleven one evening __

have a good look at the moon for

once by myself. But as the moon gave far too much light, I didn‘t d___ open a window. Another time some months ago, I happened to be _ one

evening when the window was open. I didn‘t go downstairs until the window had to be shut. The dark, r__ evening, the wind, the

thundering clouds held me entirely in their power; it was the first time in a year and a half __ I‘d seen the night face to face….

Unit 2

English around the world
_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ they don‘t _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

THE ROAD TO MODERN ENGLISH
At the end of the 16th century, about five to seven million people spoke English. Nearly all of them lived in England. In the next century, people f__ England started moving to other parts of the world, so

English began to_____ in many other countries. Today, more people speak English_____ their first, second or foreign language than ever before. China may have the largest number of English speakers. Native English speakers can understand each other __ speak the same kind of English. H__

, they may not be able to

understand everything. For example, a British person may say to his friends, ―Would you please come_____ to my flat for a visit?‖ One of her American __ (friend) may then ask her, ―Come up where?‖ Her

Canadian friend might explain, ―She means we should come up to her apartment.‖ So why_____ English changed over time? All languages change _____cultures communicate with one another. The English spoken between about AD 450_____1150 was very different from the English spoken today. Actually, it was __ (base) more on German than present

day English. Then from about 1150 to 1500 English changed even more. It became less like German, and more like French because those_____ ruled England at that time spoke French. It became closer to the language you are l__ now. In the 1600‘s Shakespeare made use of a wide v__

than ever before. One big change in English usage happened when Noah Webster wrote the American Dictionary of the English Language, __ (give) American English its own identity. Later, when some British people went to Australia, English began to be spoken there. Now Australian English has its own i__ .

English is also spoken as a foreign or second language in South Asia. India has a very large number of English speakers. This is __ Britain

ruled India from 1765 to 1947. During that time English became the language for government and education. English is also spoken in many other countries in Africa and Asia, __ South Africa, Singapore and

Malaysia. In China, English has been used in Hong Kong _____about

1842. Today the number of people __

(learn) English in China is

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

increasing rapidly. Will Chinese English become one of the world Englishes? Only time will tell.

STANDARD ENGLISH AND DIALECTS
What is standard English? Is it spoken in Britain, the US, Canada, Australia, India and New Zealand? __ thing __ it or not, there is no such a

standard English. Many people believe the English spoken on English. This is because in the early days of to speak excellent

TV and the radio is s__

radio, those who reported the news were e__ English. __

, even on TV and the radio you will hear differences in the

way people speak. When people use words and e__ different from ―standard

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

language‖, it is called a dialect. American English has many dialects, e__ the Midwestern, southern, African and Spanish dialects. In some parts of the US, two people from __ (neighbor) towns can have a little people

different dialect. American English has so many dialects b__ have come from all over the world.

Geography also plays a part______ making dialects. Some people who live in the mountains of the eastern US speak with an older kind of English d__ . When Americans moved from one place to another,

they______ (take) their dialects with them. So people from the mountains in the southeastern US speak with almost the same dialect ______ people in the northwestern US. The US is a large country in __ many

different dialects are spoken. Although many Americans move a lot, they still r__ each other ‘s dialects.

Unit 3 Travel journal

_________________

JOURNEY DOWN THE MEKONG Part I
I __ THE DREAM AND THE PLAN My name is Wang Kun. Since middle school, my sister Wanf Wei and (dream) about taking a great bike trip. When we graduated from _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

college, we finally got the chance to do it. It was my sister _____ first had the idea to cycle along the Mekong River from __ it begins to where it

ends. She loves to go for long bike r_____ in the countryside. Two years ago she bought an expensive mountain bike. Then she p__ me to buy

one. Last year, she visited our cousins, Dao Wei and Yu Hang at their college in Kunming. They are Dai and __ (grow) up in western

Yunnan province near the Lancang River, the Chinese part of the river______ is called the Mekong River before flowing in other countries. Wang Wei soon got them __ (interest) in cycling too.

Wang Wei can be really stubborn. Although she didn‘t know the best way of getting to places, she insisted that we ______ (find) the source of the river and begin our journey there. She told me that she wanted to do the trip p__ asked her w__ . Now, I know that the proper way is always her way. I she had looked at a map yet. Of course, she hadn‘t; my

sister doesn‘t c_____ about details. So I told her that the source of the Mekong is in Qinghai province. She gave me a d__ (determine)

look--- the kind that said she wouldn‘t change her m______. When I told her that our journey __ (will) begin at an altitude of more than 5,000 about it. When I told her the air would

meters, she seemed to be e__ be hard to b__

and it would be very cold, she said it would be an

i______ experience. I know my sister well. Once she has made up her mind, nothing can change it. Finally, I had to give __ .

Several months before our trip, Wang Wei and I went to the library. We found a large atlas w__ geography. I kept__ good maps that showed details of the world‘s (ask) her, ―When are we leaving and when are we

coming back?‖ From the atlas we could see that the Mekong River begins_____ a glacier on a Tibetan mountain. At first, the river is small, and the water is clear and cold. Then it begins to move quickly. It becomes rapids as it passes through deep valleys, __ (travel) across western

Yunnan province. Sometimes the river enters wide valleys and becomes a

waterfall. We were both s__

to learn that half of the river is in China.

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

After it leaves China and the high altitude, the Mekong becomes wide, brown and warm. As it enters Southeast Asia, it travels slowly through hills and low valleys, and the plains __ delta enters the South China Sea. rice grows. At last, the river ‘s

JOURNEY DOWN THE MEKONG PART 2 A NIGHT IN THE MOUNTAINS
Although it was autumn, the snow had already begun to f_____ in Tibet. Our legs felt so heavy and cold, we thought they__ (are) ice.

Have you ever seen snowmen ride bicycles? Wang Wei was in front of me, ____ usual. I knew I didn‘t need to encourage her. To climb the mountain road was hard work__ to go down the hills was great fun. When we (warm). We had to change from . Then, _____

reached a valley, it became much __

our caps, coats, gloves and trousers into T-shirts and s__

we reached the colder altitude, we had to change again. In the early evening, we stopped __ (make) camp. First we __ our tents and . At

then we ate. After supper, Wang Wei went to sleep but I stayed a___ midnight, the sky became clear and the stars were b__

. It was quiet in of

the mountains that night--- there was almost no wind, only the s__

the fire. We have already traveled so far. We are reaching Dali in Yunnan Province __ our cousins Dao Wei and Yu Hang will j____ us. We can

hardly wait to see them!

Unit 4

Earthquakes

_________________

A NIGHT THE EARTH DIDN”T SLEEP
Strange thing were happening in the countryside in northeast Hebei. For three days the water in the village wells r__ Farmers‘ wives n__ and fell, rose and fell. _ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

that the walls had deep cracks in them. A __

(smell) gas came out of the cracks. In the farmyards, the chickens and even the pigs were _____ nervous to eat. Mice ran out of the fields __ _

(look) for places to hide. Fish jumped out of bowls and ponds. At about 3:00 am __ July 28, 1976, people saw bright lights in the sky. The no

sound of planes could be h______ outside Tangshan even __

planes were in the sky. In the city, the water pipes in some buildings cracked and burst. But the one million people of the city, who ______ these events, went to bed as usual that night. At 3:42 am everything began to shake. It seemed that the world was at an end! Eleven kilometers d___ below the city the greatest is

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

earthquake of the 20th century began. It was heard in Beijing, w___ one hundred kilometers away. One-third of the nation f__ crack that was eight kilometers long and thirty meters wide __ houses, roads and canals. Steam b__ hills of rock b__ lay in ___

it. A huge across

from holes in the ground. Hard

rivers of dirt. In fifteen terrible seconds a large city (injure)

(ruin). Two-thirds of the people died or __

during the earthquake. Thousands of families were killed and many children __ (leave) without parents. The number of people who were more than 400,000. they

killed or injured r__

But how could the survivors believe it was natural? E__

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

looked nearly everything was destroyed. All of the city‘s hospitals, 75% of its factories and buildings and 90% of its homes were _____ (go). Bricks c____ the ground like red autumn leaves. No wind, h_____, could blow them away. Two dams fell and most of the bridges also fell or were not safe for t_____. The railway tracks were now useless pieces of steel. Tens of thousands of cows would never g_____ milk again. Half a million pigs and millions of chickens had died. Sand now f_____ the wells instead of water. People were s______. Then, later that afternoon, another big quake shook Tangshan. Some of the r_____ workers and doctors were trapped under the ruins. More buildings fell down. Water, food, and

electricity were hard to get. People began to w_____ how long the disaster would l_____. All hope was not lost. The army s_____ 150,000 soldiers to Tangshan to help the rescue workers. Hundreds of thousands of people were helped. The army o_____ teams to dig out those who were trapped and to b_____ the dead. To the north of the city, most of the 10,000 miners were rescued from the coal mines. Workers built shelters for the survivors w_____ homes had been destroyed. Fresh water was taken to the city by train, truck and plane. Slowly, the city began to b_____ (breath) again.

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

Unit 5

Nelson Mandela-a modern hero

_________________

ELIAS’ STORY
My name is Elias. I am a poor black worker in South Africa. The time __ I first met nelson Mandela was a very difficult period of my _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ to do and helped me _________________ _________________ _________________

life. I was twelve years old. It was in 1952 and he had opened a black law firm to a__ poor black people on their problems. I studied only two years my family could not

I began school at six. The school w__ was three kilometers away. I had to leave, b__ continue to __ write. After__

the school fees and the bus fare. I could not read or (try) hard, I got a job in a gold mine. This was a time to live in Johannesburg. Sadly I did

when one had got to have a p__

not have this passbook because I was not born there and I was worried about w__ I would be out of work.

The day when Nelson Mandela told me __ was one of the happiest d__ correct papers s__

of my life. He told me how to get the

I could stay in Johannesburg. I never forgot how it

kind he was and when he organized the ANC Youth League, I j__ as soon as I could. He said:

―The last thirty years have s_____ the greatest number of laws stopping our rights and progress, until today we have reached a stage ______ we have almost no rights at all.” It was the truth. Black people had no v__ and could not choose who

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

ruled them. The parts of town where they lived were places ______ (decide) by white people. They could not get jobs they wanted. The places where they were sent to live were the poorest areas in South Africa. No one could g__ food there. In fact as Nelson Mandela said:

―….we were put in a position in which we had either to accept we were less important, _____ fight the Government. We chose to attack the law. We first b_____ the law in a way which was peaceful; when this was not allowed…. Only then did we decide to a_____ violence with violence.” As a matter of fact, I do not like violence…. But in 1963 I helped him _____ some government buildings. It was very dangerous because_____ I was caught I could be put in prison for years. But I was happy to help because I knew it was to realize our dream of m_____ black and white people equal.

THE REST OF ELIA’S STORY
You cannot i_____ how the sound of the name of Robben Island made us afraid. It was a prison from _____ no one escaped. There I spent the hardest time of my life. But w_____ I got there Nelson Mandela was also there and in one way it helped me. For Mr Mandela began a school for those of us_____ had studied very little. He taught us during the lunch b_____ and the evenings when we should have been asleep. We read books under our blankets and used anything we could find _____ (make) candles to see the words. I became a good student and wanted to study for my d_____ but I was not allowed to do that. I knew I was clever enough because Mr. Mandela a_____ the prison guards to join us. He said they should not be stopped_____ studying for their degrees. As they were not cleverer than me, but did pass their exams, I knew I could get a degree too. That made me feel good about myself. When I had f_____ the four years in prison, I went to find a job. Since I was better educated, I got a job w_____ in an office. But the police found out and told the important men in my business that I had been to prison for b_____ up government buildings. So I lost my job. I did not work for twenty years _____ Mr. Mandela and the ANC _____ in 1993. All that time my wife and children had to b_____ for food and help from relatives or from friends. Luckily Mr. Mandela r_____ me and gave me a job taking the tourists round my old prison on Robben Island. I f_____ bad the first time I talked to a group. All the t_____ and fear of that time came back to me. I remembered the beatings and the c_____ of the guards and my friends who had died and I felt I would not be able to do it. But my family e_____ me. They said that the job and the pay from the new South African government was my r_____ after working all my life for equal rights for the Blacks. So now at 51 I am p_____ to show visitors over the prison, for I helped to make our people free in our own land.

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

必修(二)

_________________

Unit 1

Cultural relics
_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

IN SEARCH OF THE AMBER ROOM
Frederick William I, the King of Prussia, ______ (can, never, imagine) that his greatest _____ to the Russian people would have such a strange history. This gift was the Amber Room, _____ was given this name because almost seven thousand tons of amber were used to make it. Amber has a beautiful yellow-brown colour. A______ it feels as hard as stone, it easily melts when ______ (heat ). Once it is heated, the amber can be made _____ any shape. The design for the room was of the fancy style p_____ in those days. The Amber Room was also made with gold and jewels. It _____ a team of the country‘s best artists ten years to make it. Everyone agreed that it was the best and biggest work of amber art ever made. In fact, the room was not made to be a gift. It was made for the palace of Frederick I. However, the next king of Prussia decided not to k__ it. In 1716, Frederick William I gave it to Peter the Great, as a gift , the Czar

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

of friendship from the Prussian to the Russian people. In r__

gave the king of Prussia 55 of his best soldiers. The Amber Room soon became part of the Czar ‘s winter palace in St Petersburg. About four metres long, the room served __ visitors. Later, Catherine II had the Amber Room ______ (move) to the palace outside St Petersburg __ artists to add more d___ she spent her summers. She told her a small reception hall for important

to its design. In 1770, the room was ______

(complete) the way she wanted it. Almost six hundred candles lit the room. Its mirrors and pictures shone like gold. S__ Amber Room was one of the great w__ missing. In September,1941 the Nazi German army was near St Petersburg. This was a time when the two countries were at war. However, __ the , although the

of the world, it is now

Nazis could get to the summer palace, the Russians were only able to remove the f__ and small art objects from the Amber Room. But stole the Amber Room itself. In less than two

some of the Nazis s__

days, 100,000 pieces of the room were put inside twenty-seven wooden boxes. There is no d_____ that the boxes were then put on a train for Konigsberg, at that time a German city on the Baltic Sea. After that, _____ really happened to the Amber Room remains a mystery. While the s__ for the old room continues, the Russians and Germans (Follow)old

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

have built a new Amber Room at the summer palace. __

photos, the new room has been made to look much ____ the old one. In the spring of 2003, it was ready for the people of St Petersburg to c______ the 300th birthday of their city.

Using language
In a trial, a_____ must decide which eyewitnesses _____(believe) and which not to believe. The judge does not consider how each eyewitness looks or _____ that person lives or works. The judge cares only __ the eyewitness has given useful information, which must be . This kind of information is called __ . ?

facts, rather than o__

So what is a fact? Is it something that more than one person b__

_________________ _________________

Or is it something that more than one person has seen or done? The

answer ___ both of these questions is ―No‖. Then what really is a fact? A _________________ fact is anything that can be p__ . For example, it can be proved that _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ (walk) on the China has more people than any _____ country in the world. Of course, some people will never believe something is a fact _____ they are given lots of evidence. For example, men __

moon, but some people don‘t believe it. They think the men are not t_____ the truth. They also think that the TV pictures of these men are not __ .

Then what is an opinion? An opinion is _____ someone believes is true but has not been proved. So an opinion is not good evidence in a _____. For example, it is an opinion if you say: ―It is good for China not to have too many people.‖ It may be good, but it is difficult to prove. Some people might not agree __ prove they are right. this opinion but they also cannot

Unit 2

The Olympic Games

_________________

AN INTERVIEW
Pausanias, who was a Greek writer 2,000 years ago, has come on a m__ journey to find out about the present day Olympic Games. He is _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ to _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ the _________________

now interviewing Lili, a Chinese girl. P: My name is Pausanias. I lived in ______ you call ―Ancient Greece‖ and I used to write about the Olympic Games more than 2,000 years ago. I __ Olympic Games __ (come)to your time to find out about the present day I know that in 2004 they are to be held in my

hometown of Athens. Please can I ask you some questions? L: Of course you can. What __ you like to know?

P: How _____ do you hold your Games? L: Every four years athletes from all over the world _____(admit) as competitors. There are two _____ of Games—the Summer and the Winter Olympic Games and both are held every four years. The winter Olympic Games are usually held two years __ the Summer Olympics. (compete) in

P: Winter Games? How can the runners enjoy __ winter? And what about the horses?

L: Oh no! No running races or horse riding are i___ _. There are events like skiing and ice skating __ they are called the Winter Olympics. P: Athletes competing from all over the world? Do you mean the Greek world? Our Greek cities used to compete __ honour of winning. No other country could join in, __ women. L: All countries can take part if their athletes reach the s__ each other for the could slaves or need snow and ice. That is _____

be admitted to the games. There are over 250 sports and each one has its own standard. Women are not only a__ important _____ , especially in ….. P: Please stop! All those events, all those countries and even women taking part! Where will all the c__ be staying? to join in but play a very

L: A special village is built for the competitors to live in, a s_____ for competitions, a very large swimming pool, a gymnasium __ for those who watch the games. P: It must be expensive. Does anyone want to h__ seats

Olympic Games? L: As a matter of fact, everyone wants to. It‘s a great h__ as much a competition __ Olympic m__ know that? P: Oh yes! You must be very proud. Did you say medals? So even the olive wreath __ too? L: No, we don‘t. It‘s still all about being able to run faster, jump higher and throw further. P: That‘s good news! Thank you for your time. Goodbye. (replace)! Oh dear! Do you compete ___ money . It‘s

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

countries to host the Olympic as to win an

. The 2008 Olympics will be held in China. Did you

The Story of Atlanta
Atlanta was a Greek p__ faster than any man in Greece. B__ . She was very beautiful and could run she was not allowed to run in the

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

Olympic Games. She was so _____ that she said to her father she would not m_____ anyone who could not run faster than her. Her father said she must marry and asked her __ she wanted to marry a king or prince.

But Atlanta replied, ―I will only be married to a man _____ can run faster than me. When a man says he wants to marry me, I will run a__ If he cannot run as fast as me, he will be killed. No one will be p__ him. .‖

Many kings and princes wanted to marry Atlanta but when they heard of her rules, some of them sadly went home. Other men s_____ to run the race. There was a man _____ (call) Hippomenes who was amazed when he heard of Atlanta‘s rules. ―Why are these men so f_____? Why will they let themselves __ (kill) because they cannot run as fast as

this princess?‖ Then when he saw Atlanta _____ (come) out of her house to run, Hippomenes c__ said The race started and __ the man ran very fast, Atlanta ran his mind. ―I will marry Atlanta—or die!‖ he

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

faster. As Hippomenes watched, he thought, ―How can I run as fast as Atlanta? He went to __ p__ help from the Greek Goddess of Love. She

to help him and gave him three golden apples. She said, ―Throw

an apple in front of Atlanta when she is running past and she _____

(relax). When she stops to pick it up, you will be able to run on and win.‖ Hippomenes took the apples and went to the King. He said, ―I want to m__ Atlanta.‖ The King was sad to see another man die, but

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

Hippomenes said, ― I will marry her—or die!‖ So the race began.

Unit 3

Computers

_________________

WHO AM I?
I began only __ a calculator machine in 1642 in France. Then _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ in 1822 I was built as an Analytical Machine by Charles Babbage. I followed i__ from cards with holes. I know this sounds very simple,

but at that time it was a technological revolution! My real father was Alan Turing, _____ in 1936 wrote a book to describe how computers could be made to work, and built a ―universal machine‖ to s__ any

mathematical problems. Earlier I was not very big, but then I became huge! However, people thought I was s__ until they discovered I had they were talking

―artificial intelligence.‖ Artificial! I didn‘t know __ about. A__

, let‘s go back to my history. Then I was the size of a large (go by), I have been made smaller and smaller. me after I got my new transistors in the my size was totally changed. I became

room! As the years __ No one could r__

1960s. There were times __

small and thin but I got cleverer and cleverer, quicker and quicker. And my _________________ m__ l__ became so large that I couldn‘t believe it! But I was always so standing there by myself, until in the early 1960s, they gave me a others _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

family connected by a network.. I could share information __

and we could talk to each other. At about the same time we learned to talk to humans using BASIC. I __ 1970s. __ (bring into) people‘s homes in the

, my family and I have been used by billions of people to with each other around the world by people who aren‘t close enough

deal with information and c__

the Internet. I love being used to c___

to speak to each other. I have truly been built to s______ the human race since my birth.

ANDY---THE ANDROID
I‘m part of a football team. About once a year, we are allowed to get t__ to play a football game. I‘m as big as a human. In fact, I look like , so I can run very fast. My

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

one too. On the football team, I‘m a s__

computer clips help me to move and think _____ a human. I need to shout __ computer language to my teammates to give me the ball when I‘m . I first competed in Nagoya,

open and have a good shot for a g__

Japan. Last year our team went to Seattle, Washington in the USA. Our

team got second pace. P__

, I think the team who won first place (just, develop) my

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

cheated. They had a new kind of program, which __

before the competition. I need to tell my programmer to i___

intelligence. I think we can work together to create an even better system. In fact, I would really like to play a__ __ a human team sometimes.

, my programmer is like my coach. She programs me with all the she has seen while __ (watch) human games. Then arises. In this

possible __

she programs possible moves that I can use if a new s__

way, I can make up new moves. After all, ____ the help of my computer brain which never forgets anything, i__ is what I‘m all about!

Unit 4

Wildlife protection

_________________

How Daisy Learned To Help Wildlife
Not long ago there was a girl __ up and found a __ (call) Daisy. One day she woke _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ (fly) chair by her bed. ―Where do you want to go?‖ (dress) and put on her jeans and gave fur to make this

it asked. Daisy hurried to get __

sweater. ―I would like to see the animals __

sweater,‖ she said. The chair began to r_____. It flew away to Tibet in China faster than a bird. ―But where are the antelopes?‖ cried Daisy. ―There are only mountains and people!‖ She turned __ an antelope with a sad face __ and there was

(look) at her. The antelope said, ―Our fur

is being used to make sweaters like yours. We are killed for the w____ that is taken from u__ our stomachs. Every year over 29,000 of my (leave). In

friends are killed and now there are only 72,000 of us __

three years we may all be gone!‖ Daisy began to cry. ―I didn‘t know that,‖ she said. ―Flying chair, please show me some place __ wildlife protection.‖ The chair flew away so fast that you could not see it. Next minute they were in Zimbabwe. Daisy turned round and saw she __ by an excited elephant. ―Have you come to take my picture? __ (watch) would there is some

you prefer a rhino?‖ it asked. Daisy laughed. ―I wait here because we‘re becoming e__ in Zimbabwe. Farmers used to hunt us and the rhinos. us even though tourists love to see us. They used to go to the

They didn‘t want to p__ said we d__

their farms, and money from the t__

big tour companies in Harare. So the g__

decided to help. They asked photos or to hunt,

the tour companies to bring tourists to the area to __ and they set the number of animals to __

(hunt). The tour companies made a lot of money

applied to be allowed to hunt some for a fee, __

for the farmers. As a result, farmers like us and no longer hunt us. Now please be quick! I‘m ready now __ my photo!‖

Daisy took it quickly. Then she smiled. ―That‘s better, but I‘d like to help as the WWF __ (suggest).‖

The chair rose again and almost at once they were in thick rain forest. A monkey watched them as it __ doing?‖ asked Daisy. ―This protects me __ (rub) itself. ―What are you mosquitoes,‖ it replied. ―I

find a millipede insect and rub it _____ my body. It contains a powerful

drug which affects mosquitoes. It might help you if you pay attention to the rain forest where I live and understand __ there. No rain forest, no animals and no drugs.‖ Daisy was a__ . ―Flying chair, take me home so I can tell WWF animals live together

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

and begin protecting this new drug. Monkey, come with me to help.‖ The monkey a__ began to d__ . The chair rose and flew home. As they landed, things . ―Two minutes later everything __ (go)---the

monkey, too. So Daisy was not able to make her new drug. But what an e__ ! She had learned so much! And there is always WWF…..

Reading and listening
Many animals __ (disappear)during the history of the earth.. The most famous of these animals were dinosaurs. They lived on the earth tens of millions of years ago, long __ were many different s__ humans came into being. There

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

of dinosaurs and several of them have been

found in Xixia County, Nanyang, Henan Province, and not long ago a rare new species of bird-like dinosaur __ (discover) in Chaoyang to find they could

County, Liaoning Province. The scientists were s__

run like other dinosaurs, but also climb trees. They could tell this from the way the bones __ Dinosaur died __ (join) together. quickly about 65 million years ago. Some scientists

think it was after a large rock hit the earth and put too much d_____ into the air. Others think the earth got t__ hot for dinosaurs to live on it any

more . Nobody knows for s_____. In the same way there are animals that have died out more recently and no one knows why.

Unit 5

Music

_________________

THE BAND THAT WAS’T
Have you ever wanted to be a famous singer or musician? Have you __ dreamed of being in front of thousands of people at a concert, with (clap) and enjoying your singing? Do you sing karaoke you are Coco Li or Liu Huan? If we are (dream of) being a band? they like to write and

_________________ _________________

everyone __

and close your eyes and p__

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

honest with ourselves, most of us __ famous. But how do people get to f__

Most musicians meet and form a band __

play music. Many times in America, bands are formed by high school students __ practise their music in someone‘s home. They may play to they can earn some extra (become)

passers-by in the street or subway __

money. This also gives a group a chance to dream of __ famous. H__ __

, there was one band that started in a different way. It began

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

a TV show. The musicians of whom the band was formed played (play) music. Their music and jokes

jokes on each other as well as __ __

(base) loosely on the band called ―Beatles‖. The TV organizers

_____(look for) four musicians who were lively and who could make good music. They put an a__ in a newspaper looking for rock musicians, was good enough. They had to use

____ they could only find one __

actors for the other members of the band. Actors may not be able to sing so at first other musicians sang the songs for the programme while the band pretended __ Their a__ (sing) them. performances were copied by other groups and their

f_____ supported them fiercely. Each week the group that was called ―The Monkees‖ __ H__ (play) a song or two written by other musicians. about and write

, after a year or so in which they became more s__

their work, ―The Monkees‖ started to play their own i__

their own songs like a real band. Then they produced their own records and started touring and playing their own music. They became _____ more popular than ―The Beatles‖ in the USA and sold even more records. However, the band broke __ in about 1970, but reunited in the was a celebration

mid-1980s. They produced a new record in 1996, __ of their time a real band.

_________________

Using language
Not long _____ Freddy and the band became famous, they visited Britain __ hours __ a tour. Young people came to see them. Fans waited for (get) tickets for their concerts. Freddy was now quite c_____ (sing)and all the was to sing in a

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

when he went into the hall. He enjoyed __ congratulations afterwards! His most exciting e__

TV programme called ―Top of the Pops‖. He had to go to London, _____ (wear) an expensive suit and give a performance to a TV camera. I felt very strange. But as soon as the programme was over, the telephones, ______ were in the same room, started ringing. Everybody __ (ask)

when they could see Freddy and his band again. They had truly become stars! Then things went wrong. Freddy and his band could not go out without ______ (follow) everywhere. Even when they wore sunglasses people r______ them. Fans found them even when they went into the toilet. They tried to h_____ in railway stations and the reading rooms of libraries but it was useless. Someone was always there! Their personal life was discussed by people _____ did not know them but talked __ they were friends. it

At last Freddy and his band realized that they must leave Britain __

became too painful for them. The next day they packed their bags and went back to the lake.

必修(三)

_________________

Unit 1

Festivals around the world

FESTIVALS AND CELEBRATIONS
Ancient Festivals Festivals and celebrations of all kinds __ ancient festivals would celebrate the __ (hold)everywhere. The most of cold weather, planting in _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ and please the _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ Festivals to Honor People Festivals can be held as an h__ to famous people or to the gods. One _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

spring and harvest in autumn. Other celebrations were held when h_____ could catch animals. They would s__ if food was difficult to find, so

they celebrated when they had food. They _____ (light)fires and made music because they thought these festivals __ Festivals of the Dead Some festivals are held to honor the dead, or s__ (bring)a year of plenty.

ancestors, _____ could return either to help or to do harm. In Japan the festival is called Obon, __ light incense in m__ people should go to clean the graves and

of their ancestors. They light lamps and play the ancestors back to earth. this

music because they think that this will l__

In Mexico they have the Day of the Dead in early November. __

important feast day, people might eat food in the s_____ of skulls, and cakes with “bones‖ on them. They o_____ food, flowers and gifts to the dead. The festival of Halloween had its o__ the dead. It is now a children‘s festival, __ as an event in memory of they can go to their

neighbors‘ homes and ask for sweets. They d_____ up and try to frighten people. If they __ __ . (not, give)anything, the children might play a

of these is the Dragon Boat Festival in China, which honors the famous ancient p_____, Qu Yuan. Another is Columbus Day in the USA, in memory of the a__ there is a n__ of Christopher Columbus in America. In India

festival on October 2 to honor Mahatma Gandhi, the from Britain.

leader who helped gain India‘s i__ Harvest Festivals

Harvest and Thanksgiving festivals can be very happy events. People are g__ because their food is gathered for the winter, and __ a season

of agricultural work is over. In European countries it is the c__

to

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

decorate churches and town halls with flowers and fruit, and people get t__ to have meals. Some people might win awards for their animals, , like the biggest watermelon or the most

flowers, fruit and v__

handsome rooster. In China and Japan there are mid-autumn festivals, when people a__ the moon and give gifts of moon cakes.

Spring Festivals The most e__ and important festivals are the ones that look forward of spring. At the Spring Festival in

to the end of winter and to the c__

China, people eat dumplings, fish and meat, and may give children l_____ money in red paper. There are dragon dances and carnivals, and families c_____ the lunar New Year together. In some W__ countries there are

very exciting carnivals, which take place forty days before Easter, usually in February. They might i__ night, loud music and c__ r__ parades, dancing in the streets day and clothing of all kinds. Easter is an important

and social festival in Christian countries. It celebrates the r_____

of Jesus for Christians and it also celebrates the coming of spring. In Japan, the Cherry Blossom Festival happens a little later. The country is covered _____ cherry tree flowers so that it looks __ covered with pin snow. People love to get together to eat, drink and have fun with each other. Festivals let us enjoy life, be proud of our customs and forget our daily life for a little while. it might be

A SAD LOVE STORY
Li Fang was h__ __ . It was Valentine‘s Day and Hu Jin had said she (meet) him at the coffee shop after work. But she didn‘t turn ____. (laugh)at him. She said she (keep one’s

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

She could be with her friends right now __

would be there at seven o‘clock, and he thought she __ word). He had looked forward to ___

(meet) her all day, and now he

was alone with his roses and chocolates, like a fool. Well, he was not going to hold his breath for her to a__ in coffee. It was o__ that the manager of the coffee shop was waiting for . He would drown his sadness

_________________

Li Fang to leave--- he w__ TV--- just __

the tables, then sat down and turned on the

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

Li Fang needed! A sad Chinese story about lost love.

The seventh daughter of the Goddess of Heaven visited the earth. Her name was Zhinu, the __ (weave) girl, and she was the most

l_____ of the daughters. While she was on earth she met the herd boy Niulang and they __ They got married s__ . (― Just like me and Hu Jin,‖ thought Li Fang.) , and they were very happy. (― We could be like

that,‖ thought Li Fang.) When the Goddess of Heaven knew that her daughter was married to a human, she became very angry and made the weaving girl r__ to Heaven. Niulang tried to f__ her, but the river

of stars, the Milky Way, stopped him. __

(find) that Zhinu was cross the Milky

heart-broken, her mother finally decided to let the c__ Way to meet once a year. This happens __

the stars Vega And Altair the

meet in the heaven. Magpies make a bridge of their wings __

couple can cross the river to meet on the seventh day of the seventh lunar month. People in China hope that the w__ _____ if it is raining, it means that Zhinu __ won‘t be able to meet. The a__ hear a__ day today, __ __ said, ―This is the story of Qiqiaojie. When foreigners will be fine on that day, (weep) and the couple

the story, they call it a Chinese Valentine‘s story. It‘s a fine I hope you can all meet the one you love.‖ As Li Fang

(set off)for home, he thought, ―I guess Hu Jin doesn‘t love me. I‘ll

just throw these flowers and chocolates _____. I don‘t want them to remind me __ her.‖ So he did. his way home, (wave) at him and

As he sadly passed the tea shop on the corner __ he heard a voice calling him. There was Hu Jin __

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

calling, ―Why are you so late? I _____ (wait for)for you for a long time! And I have a gift ___ you!‖

What would he do? He _____ (throw away)her Valentine gifts! She would never f_____ him. This would not be a happy Valentine‘s Day!

Unit 2

Healthy eating
(feel)very he got up early _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

COME AND EAT HERE (I)
Wang Pengwei sat in his empty restaurant __ frustrated. It had been a very strange morning. U__

and prepared his menu of mutton kebabs, roast pork and fried rice. Then __ lunchtime they would all be sold. His r__ ought to be full of

people. But not today! Why was it so? What could have happened? He thought of his mutton kebabs and fatty pork __ (cook) in the hottest,

finest oil. His fried rice was hot but did not taste of fat. His cola was s______ and cold and his ice cream was made of eggs, milk, cream and fruit. ―Nothing __ have been better,‖ he thought. Suddenly he saw his (hurry) by. ―Hello, Maochang,‖ he called, (not, hear). What was the

friend Li Maochang __

―Your usual?‖ But Maochang seemed __ matter? Something terrible __

(must, happen)if Maochang was not .

coming to eat with him as he always ___

Pengwei followed Li Maochang _____ a newly-opened small restaurant at the end of the street. There was a s_____ in the window. Tired ___ all that fat? Want to be thinner? Come inside to Yong Hui’s __ Only slimming foods __ Make yourself thin again! Curiosity __ (drive)Wang Pengwei inside. It was full of !‖ she said, ―My name is (slim) restaurant.

(serve) here.

people. A very thin lady came forward. ―W__ Yong Hui. I will take all that fat __ every day.‖ Then she gave a menu __

you in two weeks if you eat here Wang Pengwei. There were only

two kinds of food and one drink on it: r_____ vegetables, fruit and water. Wang Pengwei was a__ at this and especially at the prices. It cost restaurant. He could not believe his

more than a good meal in his o__ eyes! He __

(throw away)the menu and hurried outside. On his way his own menu. Did it make people fat? He

home he thought __ wondered __ Yong Hui __ some r__ !

he should go to the library to find out. He couldn‘t have (get)away with telling people lies! He had better do

After reading, he realized _____ was wrong with Yong Hui‘s restaurant. It

was not giving its c__ restaurant people __

energy-giving food! After eating in her (become)tired very quickly. Perhaps this was a ! Pengwei wrote his own sign. It said:

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

way to win his customers __ Want to feel fit? Come and eat here!

Our food gives you energy all day! The c__ between the two restaurants was on!

COME AND EAT HERE
The next day Wang Penggwei‘s restaurant was nearly full and he felt happier. Perhaps he would be able to e_____ his living after all and not have to close his restaurant. He did not look __ because his restaurant was no longer p__ his face when he saw Yong Hui __ but g__ you __ to being in debt

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

. He smiled. But the smile left

(walk) in. She did not look happy

at him as she moved round the customers. ―May I ask what (do)in my restaurant yesterday? I thought you were a new me and my menu,‖

customer and now I find you came only to spy __

she shouted. ―Please e_____ me,‖ he calmly explained, ―I wanted to know __ all my customers had gone yesterday. I followed one of them and you, but I found

found them in your restaurant. I don‘t want to u__ your menu so __ advertising the b__ meal?‖

(limit) that I stopped worrying and started of my food. Why don‘t you sit down and try a

Yong Hui agreed to stay and soon they were both enjoying the dumplings, fatty pork and cola. When they __ Yong Hui began to look ill. ―I feel sick __ (serve) the ice cream

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

all this fat and heavy food,‖

she said, ―I m_____ my vegetables and fruit.‖ Wang Pengwei was ____ enjoying a second plate of dumplings so he s______. ―Yes,‖ he added, ― and I would miss my dumplings and fatty pork. But don‘t you get tired quickly?‖ ―Well, now you mention it. I do have to rest a lot,‖ _____ (admit) Yong Hui. ―But don‘t you think it __ (will)be better if you

were a bit thinner?‖ she asked Wang Penggwei. ―I‘m sure you would feel m_____ healthier.‖ They began chatting about menus and __ (balance) diets. ―My

_________________

research __

(show)me that neither your restaurant nor mine offers a

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

balanced diet,‖ explained Pengwei, ―I don‘t _____ enough fibre and you don‘t offer enough body-building or energy-giving foods. Perhaps we ought to c__ our menus and provide a balanced menu with foods full

of energy and fibre.‖ So that is _____ they did. They served raw vegetables with the hamburgers and boiled the potatoes rather than _____ (fry)them. Then they served fresh fruit with ice cream In this way they cut __ the fat and increased the fibre in the meal. Their balanced menus

became _____ a success that before long Wang Pengwei became ______ (slim) and Yong Hui heavier. After some time the two found that their business cooperation __ (turn into) a personal one. Finally they got

married and lived happily ever after!

Unit 3
Scene 3

The Million Pound Bank-Note
ACT ONE
_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ a moment, please? _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ me _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ (ask)a few _________________ _________________ Go right ahead. May we ask what you‘re doing in this country and _____ _________________ _________________ _________________ (hope)to _________________ _________________ _________________

Note: Scenes 1 and 2 are provided in the Teacher ‘s Book NARRATOR Now ladies and gentleman, you‘re about to hear the most incredible tale. It is the summer of 1903, and Henry Adams, an American businessman, has had some very bad luck. He is lost in London. He has no money and does not know what he should do. Walking down the street, he hears someone calling him. Roderick Young man, would you step i__ Henry Roderick Oliver Henry Servant Who? Me, sir? Yes, you. Through the front door on your left. ( a servant opens the door for him) Thanks. Good morning, sir, would you please come in? P__

to lead the way, sir. Oliver Roderick Henry Oliver Henry Roderick Henry Roderick Henry Roderick questions. Henry Roderick your plans are? Henry Well, I can‘t say that I have any plans. I __ Thank you, James. That will be all. How do you do, Mister—er-- ? Adams, Henry Adams. Come and sit down, Mr Adams. Thank you. You‘re an American? That‘s right, from San Francisco. How w____ do you know London? Not at all. It‘s my first trip here. I wonder, Mr Adams, if you‘d mind us __

find work. As a matter of fact, I landed in Britain by accident.

Oliver Henry

How is that possible? Well, you see, back home I had my own boat. About a month ago I __ (sail)out of the bay---( his eyes stare at _____

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ brought you to England. _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ . _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

is left of the brothers‘ dinner on the table) Roderick Henry Well, go on. Oh, yes. Well, towards nightfall I found myself _____ (carry)out to sea by a strong wind. I did not know _____ I could survive until morning. The next morning I‘d just about given myself up for lost when I _____ (spot) by a ship. Oliver Henry And it was the ship __

I earned my passage by working as an unpaid hand, _____ accounts for my appearance. ( the brothers smile at each other)

Roderick Henry Roderick

Well, you mustn‘t worry about that. It‘s an a__ I‘m afraid I don‘t quite f__ you, sir.

Tell us, Mr. Adams, what sort of work did you do in America?

Henry

I __

(work)for a mining company. Could you offer me

_________________ _________________

some kind of work here? Roderick Patience, Mr. Adams. If you __ ask you how much money you have? Henry Oliver Well, to be h__ , I have none. (not, mind), may I

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

( happily) What luck! Brother, what luck! (claps his hands together)

Henry

Well, it may seem lucky __

you but not to me. If this is

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

your idea of some kind of joke, I don‘t think it‘s very funny. (Henry stands up to leave) Now, if you‘ll excuse me, I think I‘ll be __ Roderick my way.

Please don‘t go, Mr. Adams. You mustn‘t think we don‘t care _____ you. Oliver, give him the letter.

Oliver

Yes, the letter. (gets it from a desk and gives it to Henry like a g____) The letter.

Henry

(taking it carefully) For me?

Roderick

For you. (Henry starts to open it) Oh, no, you mustn‘t open it, Not yet. You can‘t open it u_____ two o‘clock.

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

Henry Roderick Henry Roderick

Oh, this is s_____. Not silly. There‘s money in it. (calls to the servant) James? Oh, no, I don‘t want your charity. I just want an honest job. We know you‘re hard-working. That‘s _____ we‘ve given you the letter. James, show Mr. Adams out.

Oliver Henry Roderick Servant Roderick Henry

Good luck, Mr. Adams. Well, why don‘t you e__ You‘ll soon know. In e__ This way, sir. Mr. Adams, not until 2 o‘clock.. Promise? Promise. Good-bye. what this is all about? an hour and a half.

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

Act One, Scene 4
( Outside a restaurant Henry looks at the e__ decides to go in. He sits down at a table next __ Owner (seeing Henry‘s poor appearance) That one‘s served. This way, please. (to the waiter) T_____ this gentleman‘s order, Horace. Henry (after sitting down and putting the letter on the table) I‘d like some ham and eggs and a nice big steak. And make it e______ thick. Waiter Henry It‘ll cost a tiny bit. I understand. And I‘ll have a nice tall glass of beer. ( the waiter leaves __ Hostess Owner the kitchen) a wolf. with the letter and the front window.)

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

My goodness! Why, look at him. He eats __ We‘ll see __ he‘s clever as a wolf, eh?

Henry

(having just finished every bit of food) Ah, waiter.

(waiter returns) Same thing again, please. Oh, and another beer. Waiter Henry Again, everything? Yes, that‘s right. (sees the look on the waiter ‘s face) Anything wrong? Waiter ( to the restaurant owner) He __ (ask for)for more of the

_________________

same. Owner It‘s well-known _____ many Americans like to eat a lot. Well, we will have to _____ a chance. Go ahead and let him have it. Waiter (reading the bill after the meal) All right. That‘s two orders of ham and eggs, two extra thick steaks, two tall glasses of beer, two cups of coffee and two desserts. Henry Waiter Owner Henry Would you mind waiting just a few minutes? (in a rude manner) What‘s there to wait for? All right, Horace, I‘ll take care of this. (to owner) That was a wonderful meal. It‘s __ how much pleasure you get out __ life, e___ Owner (amaze)

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ to a bank-note of this _________________

the simple things in

if you can‘t have them for a while.

Yes, very interesting. Now perhaps if you pay the bill I can help the other customers.

Henry

(looking at the clock on the wall) Well, I see it‘s two o‘clock. (he opens the letter and holds a million pound bank-note in his hands. Henry is surprised but the owner and waiter are s__ ) I‘m very sorry. But…. I ….I don‘t have anything

smaller. Owner (still shocked, and nervous) Well, er—er—just one moment. Maggie, look! (the hostess screams, the other customers look at her and she puts a hand to her mouth). Do you think it‘s r_____? (Henry is looking at them over his left shoulder) Hostess Oh, dear, I don‘t know. I s__ don‘t know. Ask Mr (sit) near the

Clemens. (the owner goes to a gentleman __ window) Owner

Mr. Clemens, Mr. Clemens! Could you—er – would you _____ looking at this? (hands him the bank-note) Do you think it‘s genuine?

Clemens

(looking at it very carefully) Two notes in this amount ______ (issue)by the Bank of England this year. A______, it can‘t be fake.

Owner Clemens

Why not? People will give too much a__

amount. No thief would want that to happen. Hostess (joining them)But look at the owner, Mr. Clemens. He‘s in rags. Clemens Hmm, yes. I see. Well, I can only say that he __ strange but very rich man. Owner (as if he has discovered something __ Why, yes! That must be it! Hostess (hits her husband‘s arm) And you put him in the back of the restaurant! Go and see him at once! Owner I‘m so sorry, sir, so sorry, but I cannot c__ bank-note. Henry Owner But it‘s all I have __ me. this the first time) be a very

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

Oh, please, don‘t worry, sir. Doesn‘t matter at all. We are so very glad _____ you even entered our little eating place. Indeed, sir, I trust that you‘ll come here w__ you like.

Henry Owner

Well, that‘s very kind of you. Kind, sir? No, it‘s kind of you, sir. You must come whenever you want and have w__ sit here is a great honour! you like. Just ___ (have)you

Henry Owner

I may not return for some time. It would be wrong __ me not to trust a gentleman such as

yourself, sir, (now the other customers are watching them) even if you do dress in a rather unusual way. As __ bill, sir, please forget it. Henry Forget it? Well…. Thank you very much. That‘s very nice of you. Owner Oh, it‘s for us to thank you, sir and I do, sir, _____ my heart. (the owner, hostess and waiter all bow together as Henry leaves) the

Unit 4

Astronomy: the science of the stars
_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

HOW LIFE BEGAN ON THE EARTH
After the ―Big Bang‖, the earth was just a cloud of energetic dust. _____ it was to become was a mystery until the dust began to slowly combine into a ball __ (move)around the sun. The problem was that the earth the solid shape was to last were in time to

became violent because it was not clear __

or not. It exploded loudly with fire and rock, __

produce the water vapour, carbon dioxide, oxygen, nitrogen and other gases, __ were to make the earth‘s atmosphere. As the earth cooled

d_____, water began to appear on its surface. Nobody knew that it was going to be different from other planets __ had already disappeared from planets __ moon, but it stayed on the earth. This is __ (go) round the sun. Water Mars or satellites like the the earth began to show its

special qualities. Many people think that this was important for the beginning of life. It allowed the earth to dissolve harmful gases, which ______ part of the earth‘s atmosphere, into the oceans and seas. That made it p_____ for life to begin to develop. __ scientists think is that the earth was different because of the (grow)in the water on its surface. Nobody

arrival of small plants __

understood that these plants were the start of many changes. They m_____ and filled the first oceans and seas with oxygen. This encouraged the d_____ of early shellfish and all sorts of fish.. Many millions of years later the first green plants began to appear on land. Scientists believe that taking carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and __ (fill) the air with oxygen helped life to develop. Later land

animals appeared. Some were insects. Others, _____ (call) amphibians, were able to live on land as well as in the sea. When the plants grew _____ forests, reptiles appeared for the first time. They produced young g_____ by laying eggs. Later, some huge animals, called dinosaurs, developed. They __ (lay) eggs too. They became the most important animals on they disappeared, mammals

the earth for millions of years. But w__

became more important. They were the last group of animals and they

were different because they produced their young f__ bodies.

within their

_________________ _________________

Small clever animals, now with hands and feet, appeared and s_____ all over the earth. They developed new methods of growing food, __ (hunt) and moving around. _____time went by they covered the

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

earth and have become the most important animals on the planet. But they are not__ the earth very well. They are putting too much carbon heat from escaping from the

dioxide into the atmosphere, which p__

earth into space. The earth may become too hot for the lives on it. _____life will continue on the earth for millions of years to come will_____ whether this problem can be solved.

A VISIT TO THE MOON
Last month I was lucky enough to have a chance to make a t_____ into space with my friend Li Yanping, an astronomer. We visited the moon in our spaceship! Before we left, Li Yanping e __ to me that the force of gravity

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

would change three times on our journey and that the first change ______(be) the most powerful. Then we were off. As the rocket rose slowly into the air we began to feel the pull of the earth, which is _____ we call gravity. At first it pushed us so hard back into our seats_____ we could not say anything to each other. G_____ the weight lessened and I was able to talk to him. ―Why is the spaceship not __ (fall) back to the

earth? On the earth if I fall from a tree I will fall to the ground.‖ I asked. ―We are too far from the earth now__ we feel __ (feel) its pull,‖ he explained. ―So

there is no gravity at all. When we get closer to the moon, us but it will not be as strong a pull as the

we shall feel its gravity p__ earth‘s.‖ I __

immediately and floated weightlessly around in our

spaceship cabin watching the earth become smaller and the moon ______(large) When we got there, I wanted to e__ said. ―If you are right, my m__

immediately. ―Come on,‖ I _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

will be less than on the earth because

the moon is smaller and I will be able to move more freely. I might even g_____ taller if I stay here long enough. I shall certainly weigh less!‖ I

laughed and climbed down the steps from the spaceship. But w______ I tried to step forward I found I was carried twice __ on the earth and

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

fell over. ―Oh dear,‖ I cried, ―walking does need a bit of practice now _____ gravity has changed.‖ After a while I got the hang of it and we began to enjoy ourselves. Leaving the moon‘s gravity was not as painful as leaving the earth‘s. But returning to the earth was very __ (frighten). We watched,

_____(amaze) as fire broke out on the outside of the spaceship as the earth‘s gravity increased. Again we were pushed hard into our seats as we came back to land. ―That was very e__ but very exciting too.‖ I

exclaimed. ―Now I know much more about gravity! Do you think we _____ (visit) some stars next time?‖ ―Of course,‖ he smiled, ―which star would you like to go to?‖

Unit 5

_________________

A TRIP ON “THE TRUE NORTH”
Li Daiyu and her cousin Liu Qian were __ their cousins on the Atlantic coast. __ a trip to Canada to visit take the aeroplane all the way,

Canada---“The True North”

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

they decided to fly from China to Vancouver and to t_____ the train from west to east across Canada in September. The idea that they would cross the whole continent was __ (excite).

Their cousins‘ friend, Danny Lin, was waiting for them at the airport. He was going to take them to the train station to c__ ―The

True North,‖ the cross-Canada train. On the way to the station, he told them, ―You‘re going to see great s__ on your trip. Canada is bigger (big) country in the world

than the United States. It is the second __

and as you go eastward, you will see mountains, and pass thousands of lakes, forests and wide rivers as well as cities. The idea _____ you can cross Canada in less than five days is just wrong. It is 5,500 kilometers from coast to coast . Here in Vancouver, you are in the w__ part of

Canada. Many people think it is the most beautiful city in Canada, as it is s__ by Mountains on the north and east and the Pacific Ocean on the (increase) very rapidly, because people from from many Asian countries want to live

west. Its population is __ the rest of Canada and t__

here. They can ski in the Rocky Mountains and sail in the harbour. On the coast north of Vancouver some of the oldest and most beautiful forests in the world still r__ tall.‖ That afternoon in the train the cousins s______ down in their seats. They crossed the Rocky Mountains earlier that day and looked out of the windows ____ the wild scenery. They saw mountain goats and even a grizzly bear. Their next stop ____ (be) Calgary. The Calgary Stampede is . It is so wet there that the trees are extremely

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

a famous Western festival. Cowboys come from all over North America to c_____ in riding wild horses. Many of them ____ for working with

animals and they can win thousands of dollars in p_____. Two days later they began to r____ that Canada is quite empty.

Most Canadians live within 320 kilometers of the USA border, and in

fact, the population of Canada is only s____

over thirty million. They

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

w_____ through a wheat-growing province and saw farms that were thousands of square kilometers in s_____. After dinner, the cousins arrived in Thunder Bay. This city is___ the top end of the Great Lakes, and it is a very busy port, a____ it is close to the center of the country. The fact many people. Canada has one-third

that ocean ships can go there s____

of the world‘s fresh water, and much of it is in the five Great Lakes. There is more fresh water in Canada than in ____ other country in the world. That night, they slept as the train r____ through the night across

the top of Lake Superior, through the great forests and southward towards Toronto.

“THE TRUE NORTH” FROM TORONTO TO MONTRAL
The next morning the maple trees outside their windows were red and gold and orange, and there was frost on the ground--- fall ____ (arrive) in Canada. Around noon they arrived in Toronto, the most w____ and

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

biggest city in Canada. They were not leaving for Montreal _____ later, so they ____ of the city. They went up the tall CN Tower, and looked

across the lake. ____, they could see the misty cloud that rose from the great Niagara Falls, which is on the south side of the lake. The water f____ into the Niagara River and over the falls ____ to the sea. They saw the covered stadium, h____ basketball teams. ____ of several famous

they walked north from the harbour area, Li

Daiyu said, ―One of my mother ‘s friends ____ (live) here. I should phone her from a telephone booth.‖ The cousins were invited to have dinner in downtown Chinatown, one of the three in Toronto. Lin Tao, ____ had moved to Canada many years earlier, met them at The Pink Pearl and said, ―We can get good Cantonese food here, b____ most of the Chinese people here come

from South China, e____ Hong Kong. It‘s too bad you can‘t go ____ Ottawa, Canada‘s capital. It‘s about four hundred kilometers northeast of Toronto, so it ____ (take) too long.‖ The train left late that night and arrived in Montreal at d____ the

_________________

next morning. At the train station, people everywhere ____ (speak) French. There were signs and ads in French, b____ some of them had English words in smaller letters. ―We don‘t leave until this evening,‖ said Liu Qian. ―Let‘s go downtown. Old Montreal is c____ to the water.‖ They spent the afternoon in lovely shops and v____ (visit) the artists in their workplaces beside the water. As they sat in a cafél_____ over the broad St Lawrence River, a young man sat down with them. ―Hello, my name is Henri, and I‘m a student at the university here,‖ he said, ― and I was w____ where you are from.‖ The girls told him they they had only one day in

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

were on a train trip across Canada and ____

Montreal. ―That‘s too bad,‖ he said. ―Montreal is a city with w____ restaurants and clubs. Most of us speak _____ English and French, but the city has a French culture. We love good coffee, good bread and good music.‖ That night as the train was ____ along the St Lawrence River toward the Gulf of St Lawrence and down to the East Coast, the cousins d____ of French restaurants and red maple leaves.

必修(五)

Unit 1

Great scientists
_________________

JOHN SNOW DEFEATS “KING CHOLERA”
John Snow was a w he attended Queen Victoria to babies. But he became ordinary people e doctor in London—so famous, indeed, that (a. ease b. relieve)the birth of her _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ needed to prove he was correct. _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ had been polluted by London in 1854, John Snow was ready to quickly through the poor the information. He found that that more than

(inspire) when he thought about helping

to cholera. This was the most deadly disease of its was understood. So many thousands of . John Snow wanted to

day. Neither its cause, nor its c

terrified people died every time there was an o use his knowledge to help never be c

(solve)this problem. He knew it would

until its cause was found. explaining how cholera killed people. in the air without reason. A cloud of

He got interested in two t The first suggested that cholera m dangerous gas would f suggested that people

around until it found its victims. The second (absorb) this disease into their bodies with their the body quickly and soon the

meals. From the stomach the disease a (affect)person was dead. He believed in the second theory So when another outbreak h

test these two theories. As the disease s neighborhoods, John Snow began to g

in two particular streets, the cholera outbreak was so s 500 people had died in 10 days. He marked on a map w gave a valuable c were near the water p

(determine) to find out why. He

all the dead people had lived. Here it is: The map about the cause of the disease. Many of the deaths in Broad Street (especially number 16, 37, 38 saw that some houses (such as 20 no deaths.

and 40Broad Street).John Snow a

and 21 Broad Street and 8 and 9 Cambridge Street) had h He discovered that these f

worked on the pub at 7 Cambridge Street. the water from the Broad (blame). of the water for these two

They were given free beer and so had not d Street pump. It seemed the water was to Next, John Snow looked into the s

streets. He found that it came from the river, w

the dirty water from London. I in Broad Street to r used. Soon the disease began to s

John Snow told the astonished people

_________________ _________________ _________________

the handle from the water pump so it could not be

down. John Snow had shown that , he found to the Broad

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

cholera was spread by germs and not in a cloud of gas. In a two other deaths in another part of London that were l Street outbreak. A woman, who had moved a liked the water so much that she had had it d house every day. Both she and her daughter, w

from Broad Street, from the pump to her often visited her, died John Snow was

of cholera after drinking the water. With this extra e able to a To p the s

with certainty that polluted water carried the disease. this from happening again, John Snow suggested that

of all water supplies be examined and new methods of not to

with polluted water be found. The water companies were also i expose people to polluted water a defeated.

. Finally ―King Cholera‖ was

COPERNICUS’ REVOLUTIONARY THEORY
_________________ Nicolaus Copernicus was frightened and his mind was c Although he had tried to i to the same c . _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ about these problems and tried (observe)of the stars and used _________________ _________________

them, all his mathematical calculations led

: that the earth was not the center of the solar system. of the other plants in the sky

Only if you put the sun there did the m make

. Yet he could not tell anyone about his theory as the powerful (suggest) such the

Christian Church would have punished him for even

an idea. They believed God had made the world and for that r earth was s and must be the center of the solar system.

The problem a

because astronomers had noticed that some planets and then go forward in a loop. . This was very

in the sky seemed to stop. Move

Others appeared brighter at times and less bright at s

if the earth was the center of the solar system and all planets went

round it. Copernicus had thought long and h to find an answer. He had collected

all his mathematical knowledge to e

them. But only his new theory

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

could do that. So between 1510 and 1514 he worked on it, g____ improving his theory until he felt it was c____ . In 1514 he showed it privately to his friends. The c____ he made to the old theory were revolutionary. He placed a ____ (a. fixing b. fixed) sun at the center of the solar system with the planets ____ round it and only the mood still going round the earth. He a____ suggested that the earth was ____ (spin) as it went round the sun and this explained changes in the movement of the planets and in the ____ (bright) of the stars. His friends were enthusiastic and encouraged him to p____ his ideas, but Copernicus was c____ . He did not want to be attacked by the Christian Church, so he only published it as he lay ____( die) in 1543. Certainly he was right to be careful. The Christian Church r____ his theory, saying it was against God‘s idea and people who s____ it would be attacked. Yet Copernicus‘s theory is now the base ____ which all our ideas of the universe are built. His theory r____ the Christian idea of gravity, which said things fell to earth because God c____ the earth as the center of the universe. Copernicus showed this was ____ (obvious) wrong. Now people can see that there is a direct ____ between his theory and the work of Isaac Newton, Albert Einstein and Stephen hawking.

Unit 2

The United Kingdom
PUZZLES IN GEOGRAPHY

该栏 20 字符 行距 20 磅

There is no need to d____ any more about why different words are used to d____ the four countries: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. You can easily c____ any problems if you study British history. First there was England. Wales was l____ (link) to England in the 13th century AD. Now when people r____ to England you find Wales included as well. Great Britain was the name g____ (a. giving b. given) when England and Wales were j____ to Scotland. It happened in 1603 when King James of Scotland became King of England and Wales as well. To their s____, the three countries found themselves u____ peacefully instead of by war. However, just as they were going to get Ireland c____ to form the United Kingdom, the southern part of that country b____ away to form its own g____. So only Northern Ireland joined with England, Wales and Scotland to become the United Kingdom and this was shown to the world in a new f____ called the Union Jack. Although the four countries d____ work together in some areas (for example, in i____ relations) they are still very different. For example, Northern Ireland, England and Scotland have d____ different e____ (education) and legal systems as well as different football teams for c____ like the World Cup! England is the largest of the four countries and for c____ it is divided r____ into three zones. The zone nearest France is called the South of England, the middle zone is called the Midlands, and the one n____ (near) to Scotland is known as the North. You find most of the population s____ in the South, but most of the large i____ cities in the Midlands and North of England. Although many of the cities are not as large as those in China, they have famous f____ teams and some even have two. However, these industrial cities b____ (build) in the 19th century do not have the historical attractions of other places. For those you have to go to older but smaller towns first built by the Romans. There you will find o____ more about

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

British history and culture. The greatest historical t____ of all is London with its museums, art c____, theatres, parks and buildings. It has the oldest port built by the Romans in the 1st century AD, the oldest building b____ (begin) by the Anglo-Saxons in the 1060s and the oldest castle c____ by later Norman rulers in 1066.But London has been i____ only by some i____ (invade) of England. The first invaders, the Romans, left their towns and roads. The second, the Anglo-Saxons, left their language and their government. The third, the Vikings, influences the v____ and place-names of the North, and the fourth, the Normans, left castles and the words for food. If you look around the British c____, you will find evidence of all these invaders. You must keep your eyes o____ if you are going to make your trip to the United Kingdom w____!

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

SIGHTSEEING IN LONDON
Worried about the time a____, Zhang Pingyu had made a list of the sites she wanted to see in London. Her first d____ was going to the Tower. It was built long ago by the Norman invaders of AD 1066. Fancy! This solid, square tower had r____ standing for one thousand years. Although the buildings had e____ around it, it remained part of a royal palace and prison c____ (combine). To her great surprise, Zhang Pingyu found the Queen‘s jewels g____ by special royal soldiers who, on special occasions, still wore the four-hundred-year-old u____ of the time of Queen Elizabeth I. There f____ (follow) St Paul‘s Cathedral built after the terrible fire of London in 1666.It looked s____ when first built 1Westminster abbey, too, was very interesting. It c____ states in memory of dead poets and writers, such as Shakespeare. Then just as she came out of the a____, Pingyu heard the famous sound of the clock, Big Ben, r____ (ring) out Buckingham Palace, the queen‘s house in London. Oh, she had so much to tell her friends! The second day the girl visited Greenwich and saw its old ships and famous clock that sets the world time. W____ (a. that b. what) interested her most was the longitude line. It‘s an i____ line dividing the eastern and

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

western halves of the world and is very useful for n____. It passes through Greenwich, so Pingyu had a photo taken s____ (stand) on either side of the line. The last day she visited Karl Marx‘s s____ in Highgate Cemetery. It seemed strange that the man who had developed communism ____ (a. should b. would) have lived and died in London. Not only that, but he had worked in the famous r____ room of the library of the British museum. Sadly the library had moved from its o____ place into another building and the old reading room was gone. But she was ____ (thrill) by so many wonderful treasures from different cultures ____ (display) in the museum. When she saw many visitors e____ looking at the beautiful old Chinese pots and other o____ on show, she felt very proud of her country. The next day Pingyu was leaving London f____ Windsor castle. ―Perhaps I will see the queen?‖ she w____ as she fell asleep.

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ ____

Unit3

Life in the Future
FIRST IMPRESSION

该栏 20 字符 行距 20 磅

I still cannot believe that I am _____( take ) up my prize that was won last year. I have to c_____ rub my eyes to remind myself that I have traveled to the year AD 3005. W____ about the journey. I was unsettled for the first days. As a result, I suffered from ―time l_____‖. This is s_____ to the ―jet lag‖ you get when flying, but instead it means you keep getting flashbacks from your p_____ time period. So I felt very nervous and uncertain at first. My friend and guide, Wang Ping, was very understanding and gave me some green tablets, which helped a lot. W____ for their expertise, his parents‘ company named ―Future Tours‖ t____ me safely into the future in a time capsule. The six of us were called to the capsule together and climbed in through the round opening. The seats were comfortable and after a c_____ drink, which made us s____, our eyes closed. The capsule shook as we lay r____ by our dreams. Sounds came from below our feet as we rose slowly from the ground, s____ gently. A few minutes later the journey was completed and we had arrived. I was still on the earth but one thousand years in the future. What would I find? _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

C_____ by the new surroundings, I was hit by absence fresh air. My _________________ head ached. The air s_____ thin as then Wang Ping appeared and solved the problem. ―Put on this m_____,‖ he advised. ―It will make you feel much better.‖ He h____ it to me and immediately h_____ me through to a small room nearby for me to rest. I felt bettering no t_____. Soon I was back o____ my feet again and followed him to collect a hovering carriage driven by computer. These hovering carriages f_____ above the ground and by bending and pressing d____ on the driving stick strongly one can move s______. It took me only a few minutes to master idea and soon I could fly as fast as Wang Ping .I got lost when we reached w_____ looked like a large market because of the people flying by in all d_____. There were so many carriages that I lost sight of Wang Ping. He was s_____ up into the center of them and my link with him was broken as I was c____up to the top of a high building nearby. Just at that moment I had a ―time lag‖ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

flashback. I saw the area again as it h____ been in the year AD 2005. I realized I had been transported i____ the future but was still in my own hometown. Just then I c_____ sight Wang Ping and flew after him. A_____ home, he showed me into a large bright, clean room. It had a green wall, a brown floor and s_____ lighting. Then the wall moved—there were trees! I found later that their leaves p_____ the house with much-needed oxygen. Wang Ping‘s mother appeared, f_____ a switch on a computer screen, and a table and chairs rose from under the floor by m_______. ―Why not sit down and rest?‖ she said. ―My name is name is Li Mengxi, Wang Ping‘s mother. You may find it difficult a____ this is your first time travel trip. Just r_____ as there is plenty of oxygen here. Tomorrow you will be ready for some visits o_____ by the company.‖ Spreading some food on the table, she p_____ a bed from the floor. E______, I slid into bed and fell fast asleep.

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

I HAVE SEEN AMAZING THINGS
My first visit was to a space station c_____ the most modern in part of space. Described as an enormous round plate, it s_____ slowly in space to imitate the _____ of the earth‘s gravity. Inside, it is divided into zones with e_____ different atmospheres and gravities. Here the alien creature live while they work with human space scientists _____ (search) for new worlds. S_____ you can imagine how exciting that is! The friendliest c_____ are the mu-mu, a family from the Pleiades group of stars. They see in the dark so they live in an area w_____ light of any kind. If you go there, you must w_____ red nightlights on your helmets so that you can see, but the mu-mu won‘t be d_____. They have a____ in the discovery of planets round the fourth star in the Pleiades system. Next year the World Space Agency will send a spaceship to _____ this star and its planets. The most i_____ creatures are the tiny dimpods from a galaxy near NGC 6240. They s_____ around the pipes and between the wooden walls of the space station. They require the same a_____ as humans and are great engineers. If you give them a d_____ of a new spaceship, they can build it in twenty-four hours! Then it will be able to travel many light

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

years away from the earth. They can also p____ a liquid from their bodies, which m_____ metal. If you cover something with a little of that liquid it will g____ soft and, with a lot, it will change into a kind of rubber that s____ very hard. It is wonderful for the outside of spaceships! N____ of these creatures is easy to talk to. You have to use a language-changer to help. The mu-mu only speak in w_____ but the dimpods shout loudly in your ear. Both eat food that c_____ carbon. The mu-mu drink a strange m____ of carrot juice and cocoa, while the dimpods drink lemonade m_____ with herbs. The mu-mu are tall and thin w_____ black and white face. They have six ?arms‘ which they wave about when they talk. They move forward b_____ slowly shaking from side t____ side on a shell-covered ?leg‘. The dimpods have so many arms and legs you cannot t_____ which is which. They are small, just the size of a little cat. They are purple or blue and the colour changes d______ on their mood.

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

Unit 4

Making the news

该栏 20 字符 行距 20 磅

MY FIRST ASSIGNMENT “UNFORGETTABLE” ,SAYS NEW REPORTER
Never will Zhou Yang(ZY) forget his first a China Daily. His discussion at the office of the

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

his new boss, Hu Xin (HX), was to

strongly i____ his life as a reporter. HX: Welcome. We are to glad you are ____(come) to work with us. Your first job at China Daily will be as a r____. Do you have any questions? ZY: Can I go out on a story i HX: (laughing) Not on your own! Not till you are more e time we will send you ! The first

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

an experienced reporter. Only when you a story by yourself.

have seen what he or she does, can you ZY: Wonderful! I‘m so e

What do I need to take with me? I already with me. photographer with very eager to a

have a notebook and a pen. I also brought my c HX: No need for a camera! You will have a p you to take photographs. You will find your c you and if you are i on that later on.

in photography, it may be for you to c

ZY: Thank you! Not only am I interested in photography, but I course at university, so it‘s a HX: Good. ZY: What do I need to remember when I go out to c HX: You need to be c you a a story? of special interest to me.

(take) a

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

. Only if you ask many different questions will

all the information you need to know. We say a good he or she must

reporter must have a ―nose‖ for a story. That m be able tell

people are not telling the whole truth and try to or ask other people to find out the

discover it. They must use r m parts of the story. ?

ZY: I see. What mistakes must I a HX: Here

_________________ _________________ _________________

(come) my list of ―dos‖ and ―don‘ts‖: don‘t be rude, don‘t , and make sure you listen to the answers

talk too much y

carefully. ZY: Why is listening so important? HX: Well, you have to listen to the d prepare the next question d ZY: But how can I listen to answers she is s ? agrees, we facts. Meanwhile you have to

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ the story goes. A _________________ not scoring goals him. He admitted _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ as a _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

on what the person says. I have to write down what he or

HX: This is a trick of the trade. If the person being i sometimes use small r

to make sure that we get all our facts us. We have the e

straight. It is also useful if a person wants to c to support our story.

ZY: I can see how important that is! Have you ever had a case ____ (a. where b. that) somebody accused your reporters wrong end of the stick? HX: Yes, but it was a long time ago. This is footballer was accused of taking money for d so as to let the other team win. We went to i that he knew the man who was s getting the

to have bribed him, but d an interview between

that he had ever taken any money. We a that man and the footballer together we g

(a. and b. but)when we saw them

from the footballer‘s body language that he was suggested he was

not telling the truth. An article was written g

. He was very angry and tried to stop us publishing it. Later we right.

were p

ZY: That was real ―scoop‖. I‘m looking forward to my first a reporter. Perhaps I too will get a s HX: Perhaps you will. You never know. .

GETTING THE “SCOOP”
―Quick‖, said the editor. ―Get that story ready. We need it in this e be a to of the other newspapers. This is a scoop.‖ Zhou Yang had just an interview with a famous film star. ―Did the International News

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

come back into the office

he really do that?‖ asked someone f Department. ―Yes, I‘m afraid he work.

,‖ Zhou Yang answered. He set to

His first task was____(a.to take b. taking) his story, but he had to do it carefully. Although he r the man had been lying, Zhou Yang knew Concise too!

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

he must not accuse him directly. He would have to be a He knew how to do that. Months of training had t

him to write with no

wasted words ____ (a. and b. or) phrases. He sat down at his computer and began to work. The first p He c who saw his article was an editor from his department.

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

the evidence, read the article and passed it on to the copy-editor. the main headline and smaller (a. in b. on)the page,‖ she said. was going to be

She began to edit the piece and d heading. ―This will look very good

―Where is a good picture of this man?‖ Then as the a w

in English Zhou Yang also took a copy to the native speaker the style. She was also very happy (a. real b. really)able to write a . Last of

employed by the newspaper to p with Zhou Yang‘s story. ―You are

good front page article,‖ she noted. Zhou Yang smiled with h all, the chief editor read it and a Yang. ―But please show me your e straight.‖ ―I‘ll bring it to you i The news desk e stories and photos u then ready to be p

it. ―Well done,‖ he said to Zhou so we‘re sure we‘ve got our facts

,‖ said Zhou Yang.

took the story and began to work on all the all the pages were set. All the information was into film negatives. This was the first stage of the . As several colours were going had one negative sheet and

printing process. They needed four n

to be used on the story. Each of the main c when they were c

they made a coloured page for the newspaper. After . Zhou Yang waited

one last check the page was ready to be p excitedly for the first c whispered. ―I e

to be ready. ―Wait till tonight,‖ his friend

there will be something about this on the television

news. A real scoop!‖

Unit5

First aid
FIRST AID FOR BURNS

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The skin is an e____ part pf your body and your body‘s largest organ. You have three layers of skin that p you against diseases, poisons _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ Causes of burns _________________ _________________ You can get burned by: hot l high heat or fire), the sun, e , steam, fire, radiation (by being close to and chemicals. _________________ _________________ _________________ Types of burns _________________ _________________ There are three _____ of burns. Burns are called first degree, second degree or third degree burns, d burned. First degree burns These a_____ only the top layer of the skin. These burns are not serious and should feel better w sunburn and burns c Second degree burns These affect both the top and the second layer of the skin. These burns are serious and _____ a few weeks to heal. Examples include severe sunburn and burns c_____ by hot liquids. Third degree burns These affect all three layers of the skin and any t skin. Examples include burns caused by electric s and organs under the , burning clothes, or a day or two. Examples include mild on which layers of the skin are _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

and the sun‘s harmful rays. Your skin also keeps you warm or cool; it prevents your body from l (a. lost b. losing) water; it is where you feel

cold, heat or pain; and it gives you your sense of t____. So, as you can imagine, if your skin g_____ burned, it can be very serious. First aid is a very important first _____ in the treatment of burns.

by touching a hot pan or iron for a moment.

severe petrol fires. These burns are very severe injuries and the victim

must g

to a hospital at once.

_________________ _________________

Characteristics of burns

_________________ _________________

First degree burns dry, red and mildly swollen m_____ painful turn white when p Second degree burn r , red and swollen (a. pressed b. pressing)

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

Blisters watery surface e painful

Third degree burns black and white and c Swollen; often tissue under them can be seen Little or no pain if nerves are damaged; may be pain around e_____ of injured area

First aid treatment 1 Take clothing off the burned area unless it is s other clothing and j_____ near burns. 2 Cool burns immediately with cool but not i water. It is best to place to the burn. Take off

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

burns under g_____ running water for about 10 minutes. (the cool water stops the burning process, stops the pain and prevents or reduces s____ Do not put cold water on third degree burns. 3 For first degree burns, place cool, clean, wet cloths on them until the pain is not so bad. For second degree burns, keep cloths c_____ by putting them back in the cold water, s them out and placing them on

the burned area over and over again for about an hour until pain is not so bad. 4 Dry the burned area gently. Do not rub, as this may b_____ any blisters and the wound may get i_____. 5 Cover the burned area with a dry, clean b_____ that will not stick to the skin. Hold the bandage in p____ with tape. Never put butter, oil or ointments on burns as they keep the heat in the w_____ and may cause infection.

6 If burns are on arms or legs, keep them higher than the heart, if possible. If burns are on the face, the victim should s____ up. 7 If the injuries are second degree or third degree burns, get the v_____ to the doctor or hospital at once.

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

HEROIC TEENAGER RECEIVES
Seventeen-year-old teenager, John Janson, was ____ (honor) at the Lifesaver Awards last night in Rivertown for carrying out l____ first aid on his neighbor after a shocking knife a____. John was p____ with his award at a ceremony, ____ (a. which b. what) recognized the ____ (brave) of ten people who had saved the life of another. John was studying in his room w he heard screaming. When he

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

and his father rushed outside, a man ran from the s____. They discovered that Anne Slade, mother of three, had been s repeatedly with a knife.

She was lying in her front garden b____ very heavily. Her hands had almost been cut off. It was John‘s quick action and k____ of first aid that saved Ms Slade‘s life. He immediately asked a number of nearby people for b____ , but when nobody could put their h_____ on any, his father got some tea t_____ and tape from their house. John used these to dress the most s____ injures to Ms Slade‘s hands. He slowed the bleeding by apllying p_____ to the wounds until the police and ambulance arrived. ―I‘m p_____ of what I did but I was just doing what I‘d been taught,‖ John said. John had t____ part in the Young Lifesaver Scheme at his high school. When c____ John, Mr. Alan Southerton, Director of the Young Lifesaver Scheme said, ―There is no doubt that John‘s quick t____ (a. thinking b. thought) and the first aid skills he learned at school saved Ms Slade‘s life. It shows that a knowledge of first aid can make a real d____‖ Before r_____ their awards last night, John and the nine other Life Savers attended a special reception yesterday h____ (a. hosting b. hosted) by the Prime Minister.

Unit 1

A SHORT HISTORY OF WESTERN PAINTING
_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

Art

选修(六)

The style of Western art has changed many times, ____ Chinese art has changed less often. Art is influenced by the way of life and b____ of the people, and china, unlike Europe, has f____ a similar way of life and for a very long time. There ____ so many different styles of western art that it would be ____ (possible) to describe all of them in a short text. C____ , this text will describe only a few of the main styles, starting from the 5th century AD. The Middle Ages (5th to 15th century AD) During the Middle Ages, the main____ of painters was to represent ____ (religion) themes. Artists were not interested in showing nature and people as they really were. I____, they were interested in creating respect and love for God, and paintings from this period are ____ of religious s____ . Things had begun to change by the 13th century when painters like Giottodi Bondone began to paint religious scenes in a more r____ style. The Renaissance (15th to 16th century) In the Renaissance, new ideas and v____ took the place of those that were held in the Middle Ages. People became f____ more on humans and less on religion. Painters returned to c____ Roman and Greek ideas about art. They tried to paint people and nature ____ they really were. Rich people wanted to c____ art for their palaces and great houses and other p____, as well as their activities and achievements. One of the most important d____ during this period was how to draw things in perspective. The first person to ____ perspective in his paintings was Masaccio in 1428. When people ____ saw his paintings they were c____ they were looking through a hole in the wall at a real scene. If the ____ of perspective had not been discovered, people would not have been able to paint such realistic p____. During the Renaissance oil paints were also d____, which made colours look richer and deeper. Impressionism ( late 19th to early 20th century)

In the late 19th century Europe changed a great ____ from a mostly agricultural society to a mostly industrial ____. Many people moved form the country to the new cities. There were many new i____ and many social changes. N____, these change also led to changes in painting styles. Among the painters who broke away from the t____ style of painting were the impressionists____ lived and worked in Paris. The impressionists were the first artists to paint o____. They wanted to show how light and shadow fell on objects ____ different times of the day. Because natural light ____ so quickly, the impressionists had to paint quickly. Their paintings were not as ____ (detail) as those of earlier painters. At first, most people hated (a. hated b. liked) this new style of paintings and became very ____ about it. They said the painters were careless and their paintings were r____ . Modern art (20th century to today) At the time they were c____ , the impressionists‘ paintings were c____ but today they are accepted as the beginning of what we now call ―modern art‖. Nowadays, there are s____ of modern art styles, but without the impressionists, many of these painting styles would not ____. The impressionists helped artists to look at their e____ and art in new ways Some modern art is abstract; that is, the painter does not a____ to paint objects as we see them ____ our eyes, but instead concentrates on certain q____ of the object, using colour, line and shape to represent them. ____ the other hand, some modern art is so realistic, it looks almost like a p____. It is interesting to predict what styles of painting there will be in the future.

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

THE BEST OF MANHATTAN’S ART GALLERIES
The Frick Collection 5th and Madison Avenues Many art lovers consider this to be the best small art g____ in New York. Henry Clay Frick, a rich New Yorker, died in 1919, ____(leave) _________________ his house, furniture and art c____ to the American people. At this gallery, you will not only see an e____ collection of pre-twentieth _________________ _________________

century Western paintings but you will also be able to e____ Frick‘s beautiful house. The garden of this lovely mansion is also w____ worth a visit. Guggenheim museum 5th Avenue and 88th street This museum o____ 5000 modern paintings, sculptures and drawings. These art works are not all d____ at the same time. The e____ is always changing. The largest part of the collection is the impressionist and post-impressionist ____(a. section b. part). The Guggenheim Museum building is ____ famous. When you walk into the gallery you feel like you are i____ a huge white sea shell. The best way to see the paintings is to start from the top floor and walk d____ to the bottom. There are no stairs, just a c____ path. The museum also has an excellent r____. Metropolitan Museum of Art 5th Avenue and 82nd street This museum has the g____ collection of art in the United States. Its art collection covers more than 5000 years of c____ from many parts of the world, i____ America, Europe, China, Egypt, Africa and South America. The museum displays more than just art. It i____ you to ancient ways of ____(a. living b. life ) . You can visit an Egyptian Temple, a Ming garden, a room in an 18th c____ French house and many other s____ exhibitions. Museum of Modern Art 53rd Street (between 5th and 6th Avenues) It is____ (a. amazing b. amazed ) that so many great works of art from the late 19th century to the 21st century could be ____(contain) in the same museum. The collection of Western art includes paintings ____ such famous artists ____Monet, Van Gogh, Picasso, and Matisse. A few words of warning: a____ price is not cheap and the museum is often very c____. Whitney museum of American Art 945 Madison Avenue (near 75th St) The Whitney holds an excellent collection of c____ American

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

painting and sculpture. There are no p____ displays in this museum and exhibitions change all the time. Every two years, the Whitney h____ a special exhibition of new art by l____ artists. The museum also shows videos and films by contemporary v____ artists.

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

Unit 2

Poems
A FEW SIMPLE FORMS OF ENGLISH POEMS

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There are v____ reasons why people write poetry. Some poems tell a story or d____ something in a way ____ (a. that b. which) will give the reader a strong i____(impress). Others try to convey certain emotions. Poets use many different forms of poems to express themselves. In this text, however, we will look at a few of the s____ forms. Some of the first poetry written in English were n____ rhymes. Children learned these when they were very young. Nursery rhymes like the one on the right (A) are still a c____ type of children‘s poetry. They d____ small children because they have a lot of repetition. This makes them easy to learn and to r____. By playing with the words in nursery rhymes, children learn about l____. Hush , little baby, don‘t say a word, Papa‘s going to buy you a mockingbird. If that mockingbird won‘t sing, Papa‘s going to buy you a d____ ring. If that diamond ring turns to brass, Papa‘s going to buy you a looking-grass. If that looking-grass gets broke, Papa‘s going to buy you a billy-goat. If that billy-goat runs away, Papa‘s going to buy you another today. One of the simplest kinds of poems that students can easily write themselves are poems like B and C that l____ things. List poems repeat phrases and some rhyme (like B) while others do not (like C). I saw a fish-pond all on fire I saw a fish-pond all on fire, I saw a house bow to a squire, I saw a person twelve-feet high, I saw a c____ in the sky,

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

I saw a b____ made of lead, I saw a coffin drop down dead, I saw two s____ run a race, I saw two horses making lace, I saw a girl just like a cat, I saw a kitten wear a hat, I saw a man who saw these too, And said though strange they all were true.

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

Our first football match We would have won… if Jack had scored that goal, if we‘d had just a few more minutes, if we had trained harder, if Ben had passed the ball to Joe, if we‘d had thousands of fans screaming, if I hadn‘t taken my eye off the ball, if we hadn‘t stayed up so late the night before, if we hadn‘t take it easy, if we hadn‘t run out of energy. We would have won… if we‘d been better! Another simple form of poem that students can easily write is the cinquain, a poem ____ (a, makes b. made) up of five lines. With these, students can c____ a strong picture in just a few words. Look at the examples D and E on the top of the next page. Brother Beautiful, athletic Teasing, shouting, laughing Friend and enemy too mine

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

Summer Sleepy, salty

_________________ _________________

Drying, drooping, dreading Week in, week out Endless

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

Haiku is a Japanese form of poetry that is made up of 17 s____. It is not a t____ (tradition) form of English poetry but it is very popular with English speakers. It is easy to write and, like the cinquain, g____ a clear picture and c____ a special feeling in just a few words. The two haiku poems (F and G) on the right are translations from the Japanese.

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

A fallen blossom Is coming back to the branch. Look a butterfly!

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ (by Dada) _________________ _________________

Snow having melted, The whole village is brimful Of happy children.

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ (by Dada) _________________ _________________

Did you know that English speakers have also b____ from another kind of Asian poetry—Tang poems from China? A lot of Tang poetry has been translated into English. The translations have a f____ form that English speakers like to copy. This Tang poem is a t____ from the Chinese

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

Where she awaits her husband On and on the river flows. Never looking back, Transformed into stone. Day by day upon the mountain top, wind and rain revolve. Should the journeyer return,

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

this stone would utter speech. (by Wang Jian)

_________________ _________________ _________________

I’VE SAVED THE SUMMER
I‘ve saved the summer And I give it all to you To hold on winter mornings When the snow is new.

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

I‘ve saved some sunlight If you should ever need A place away from darkness Where your mind can feed.

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

And for myself I‘ve kept you smile When you were but nineteen, Till you‘re older you‘ll not know What brave young smiles can mean.

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

I know no answers To help you on your way The answers lie somewhere At the bottom of the day.

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

But if you‘ve a need for love I‘ll give you all I own It might help you down the road Till you‘ve found your own.

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

Rod Mckuen

_________________ _________________ _________________

Unit 3

Live a Healthy Life
ADVICE FROM GRANDAD

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Dear James, It‘s a beautiful day here and I am sitting u______ the big tree at the end of the garden. I have just returned from a long bike r_____ to the old castle. It‘s a________ that at my age I am still fit enough to cycle 20 kilometres in an afternoon. It‘s my birthday i_____ two weeks time and I‘ll be 82 years old! I think my long and active life must be ____ to the healthy life I live. This b_____ me to the real reason for my letter, my dear grandson. Your mother tells me that you h_____ started smoking and that you are finding it difficult to give up. Believe me, I know h____ easy it is to begin smoking and how hard it is t____ stop. You see, when I was a teenager I also smoked and I became a_____ to cigarettes. By the way, did you know there are three different ways you can become addicted? You can become p_____ addicted to nicotine, which is one of the ____of chemicals in cigarettes. This means that after a while your body becomes a_____ to having nicotine in it and when the drug leaves your body, you feel sick, b_____, or even in pain. You can also become addicted through habit. A_____ you know, if you do the same thing over and over again, you begin to do it a______. Lastly, you can become m_____ addicted. Some people believe they feel happier or more relaxed after they have a cigarette and so they begin to think that they o_____ feel good when thy smoke. I think I was addicted i____ all three ways, so it was very difficult to give up. But I did finally m_____. When I was young, I didn‘t know much about the harmful e_____ of smoking,didn‘t know it could d_____ terrible damage to your heart and lungs or t_____ it was more difficult for smoking couples to become p_____. And I certainly didn‘t know that my cigarette smoke could a______ the health of non-smokers. However, what I did know was they my girlfriend thought I s_____ terrible. She said my breath and clothes smelt and that the ends of my fingers were turning y_____. She said she _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

wouldn‘t go out with me again unless I stopped! I also noticed that I couldn‘t run as fast any more and t____ I wasn‘t enjoying sport as much. When I was t_____ off the school football team because I was too slow, I knew it was time to q_____ smoking.

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

I am sending you some a_____ I found on the Internet. It might help you to stop. I ____ hope so because I want you to live as long and healthy a life as I have. Love from Grandad

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

How can I stop smoking? It isn‘t easy to stop somking, but millions have managed to quit and so can you. Here are a few suggestions. ·Prepare yourself. D_____ on a day to quit. Don‘t choose a day that you know is going to be s_____, such as the day of an exam. Make a list of all the b_____ you will get from stopping smoking. At the end of the day before you plan to quit, throw a_____ your last packet of cigarettes. ·Be determined. Every time you feel like s_____ a cigarette, remind yourself that you are a non-smoker. Reread the list of b_____ you wrote earlier. ·Break the habit. I_____ of smoking a cigarette, do something else. Go f____ a walk, clean your teeth, drink some water, clean the house; in fact, do anything that will k_____ your mind, and especially your hands, busy. ·Relax. If you start to feel nervous or stressed, don‘t r_____ for a cigarette. Try some deep breathing instead. Learn some r_____ exercises and do them every time you feel stressed. ·Get help if you need it. Arrange to stop smoking w_____ a friend so you can talk a____ your problems, or join a stop-smoking group. If you feel really bad, you m_____ like to talk to a doctor or chemist about something to help you, like nicotine chewing gum. ·Keep trying. I____ has been found that some people have to try several times before they finally stop smoking. If you w_____ and have a

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

_________________

cigarette, don‘t be a_____. Just try again. You will succeed eventually.

_________________ _________________

HIV/AIDS: ARE YOU AT RISK?
HIV is a virus. A v_____ is a very small living thing that causes disease. There are many different viruses, for e_____ the flu virus or the SARS virus. HIV ______( weak) a person‘s immune system; that is, the part of the body that f_____ disease. You can have HIV in your blood for a long time, but e_____ it damages your immune system so much that your body can no l_____ fight disease. This stage of the illness is called AIDS. So far, almost everyone who has d_____ AIDS has died. HIV is spread through blood or the fluids that the body m_____ during sex. For a person to become i_____, blood or sexual fluids that carry the virus have to get inside the body through broken skin, or by i_____. One day, scientists will find a cure f_____ HIV/AIDS. Until that happens, you need to protect yourself. Here are some things you can do to make sure you s_____ safe.

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

If you inject drugs: · Do not s_____ your needle with anyone else. Blood from another person could stay on or in the needle. If a person has HIV and you use the same needle, you could inject the virus i_____ your own blood. · Do not share anything else that the person has used while injecting drugs. Blood could have s_____ onto it.

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

If you have sex with male or female: · Use a condom. This will prevent sexual fluids p_____ from one person to another.

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

The following statements are Not true. · A person cannot get HIV the first time they h____ sex. WRONG. If one sexual partner has HIV, the other partner could become i_____. ·You can tell by looking at someone w_____ or not they have HIV. WRONG. Many people _____ HIV look perfectly healthy. It is only when the disease has p_____ to AIDS that a person begins to look sick.

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

· Only homosexuals get AIDS. WRONG. Anyone who has sex with a person infected with HIV/AIDS risks g_____ the virus. Women are s_____ more likely to become infected than men. · If you hug, touch or k_____ someone with AIDS or visit them in their home you will get HIV/AIDS. WRONG. You can o_____ get the disease from blood or s_____ fluid. Unfortunately, people with HIV sometimes lose their friends because people are afraid they will get HIV/AIDS from them. F_____ the same reason, some AIDS patients cannot find anyone to look after them when they are sick.. You can get HIV/AIDS from mosquitoes. WRONG. There is no e_____ of this.

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Unit 3

Under the sea

_________________ _________________ _________________

OLD TOM THE KILLER WHALE
I was 16 when I began work in June 1902 at the w______ station. I had heard of the killers that every year helped the whalers catch the huge whales. I thought, at the time, that this was just a story but then I w______ it with my own eyes many times. On the afternoon I arrived at the station, as I was s_____ out my a______, I heard a huge noise coming from the bay. We ran down to the shore in time to see an enormous animal t_____ itself out of the water and then c_____ down again. It was black and white and fish-shaped. But I knew it wasn‘t a fish. ―That‘s Old Tom, the killer,‖ one of the whalers, George, c_____ out to me. ―He‘s telling us there‘s a whale out there for us.‖ Another whaler y_____ out, ―Rush-oo… rush-oo…‖ This was the call that a_____ there was about to be a whale hunt. ―Come on, Clancy. To the boat,‖ George said as he ran a_____ of me. I had already heard that George didn‘t like b_____ kept waiting, so even though I didn‘t have the right clothes on, I g_____ my boots and reach after him. We jumped into the boat with the other whalers and h_____ out into the bay. I looked down i_____ the water and could see Old Tom swimming by the boat, s_____ us the way. A few minutes later, there was no Tom, so George s_____ beating the water with his oar and there was Tom, circling back to the boat, l_____ us to the hunt again. In the d_____ we could see that something was happening. As we d______ closer, I could see a whale being attacked by a pack of about six other killers. ―What‘re they doing?‖ I asked George. ― Well, they are working as a team---the killers over there are t______ themselves on the top of the whale‘s blow-hole to stop it breathing. And those others are stopping it f_____ out to sea,‖ George told me, pointing towards the hunt. And just at that moment, the most e_____ thing happened. The killers started r____ between our boat and the whale just

_________________ _________________ _______________ ________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

like a p_____ of excited dogs. Then the harpoon was ready and the man in the b_____ of the boat aimed it at the whale. He let it go and the harpoon hit the s______. Being badly w______, the whale soon died. Within a moment or two, its body was dragged by killers down into the d_____ of the sea. The men started turning the boat around to go home. ―What‘s h______ ?‖ I asked, ―Have we lost the whale?‖ ―Oh, no,‖ Jack replied. ―We‘ll return tomorrow to bring in the body. It won‘t f_____ up to the surface for around 24 hours.‖ ―In the m_____, Old Tom, and the others are having a good feed on its lips and tongue,‖ added Red, laughing. ***** Although Old Tom and the other killers were f_____ hunters, they never h____ or attacked people. In fact, they protected them. There was one day when we were out in the bay during a hunt and James was w_____ off the boat. ―Man o______! Turn the boat around!‖ George shouted. The sea was rough that day and it was difficult to h_____ the boat. The waves were carrying James further a____ further away from us. From James‘s face, I could see he was t______ of being abandoned by us. Then suddenly I saw a shark.. ―Look, there‘s a shark out there,‖ I screamed. ―Don‘t worry, Old Tom won‘t l____ it near,‖ Red replied. It took over half an hour to get the boat back to James, and when we a_____ him, I saw James being held up in the water by Old Tom. I couldn‘t believe my eyes. There were s______ of ―Well done, Old Tom‖ and ―Thank God‖ as we p_____ James back into the boat. And then Old Tom was off and back to the hunt w_____ the other killers were still attacking the whale.

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ ________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ ________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

A NEW DIMESION OF LIFE
I‘m sitting in the warm night air w_____ a cold drink in my hand and r_____ on the day--- a day of pure magic! I went snorkelling on the reef this morning and it was the most f_____ thing I have ever done. Seeing

_________________ _______________

such e____ beauty, I think every cell in my body woke up. It was like discovering a whole new d____ of life. The first thing I became aware of was all the vivid colours s____ me--purples, reds, oranges, yellows, blues and greens. The corals were fantastic --- they were s____ like fans, plates, brains, lace, mushrooms, lettuces, the branches of trees and the h____ of deer. And all kinds of elegant fish were swimming in and round the corals. The fish didn‘t seem to mind me s____ around them. I especially loved the little orange and white anemone fish that hide in the p____ tentacles of the sea anemones. And I also loved the small fish t____ clean the bodies of large fish--- I even saw them g____ inside their mouths and clean their teeth! It seemed there was a surprise w____ for me around every corner as I e____ small caves, shelves and narrow passages--- the yellow and green parrotfish h_____ upside down, gathering tiny plants off the coral with its hard bird-like mouth; a yellow-s____ red sea-slug sliding b____ a blue sea-star; an orange and blue-striped angelfish looking s____ at me; a large wise-looking turtle passing so close to me t____ I could have touched it. There were other c____ that I didn‘t want to get too close to--- an eel w____ strong sharp teeth, with only its head showing from a hole, watching f_____ a tasty fish ( or my taste toe!); and the giant clam half b____ in some coral waiting for something to swim in between its thick green lips. Then there were two g____ reef sharks, each about one and a half metres long, which suddenly a____ from behind some coral. I told myself they weren‘t dangerous but that didn‘t stop me f____ feeling s____ to death for a moment! The water was quiet s____ but where the reef ended, there was a sharp d____ to the sandy ocean floor. I thought I was very brave when I swam over the edge of the reef and hung there looking d____ into depths of the ocean. My heart was b____ wildly--- I felt very exposed in such deep clear water. What a wonderful, l____ world it was down there! And what a tiny s____ I was in this enormous world!

Unit 4

Global Warming

该栏 20 字符 行距 20 磅

THEEARTH IS BECOMING WARMER —BUT DOES IT MATTER?
During the 20th century the t____ of the earth rose about one degree Fahrenheit. That p____ doesn‘t sound very much to you or me but it is a rapid increase c____ to most natural changes. So how has this come about and does it matter? Earth Care‘s Sophie Armstrong e____ these questions. There is no d____ that the earth is becoming warmer (see Graph1) but there is fierce debate over whether it is human activity____ has caused this global warming____(a. and b. or) whether it is just a natural phenomenon.
Graph1: Temperature difference from long-term average, 1860-2000

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Many scientists believe that people have c____ the increase in the earth‘s temperature t____ the burning of fossil fuels like coal, natural gas and oil to produce e____. Some byproducts of this process are called ―greenhouse‖ gases, the most important one b____ carbon dioxide. Dr Janice Foster explains, ―You see, there is a natural p____ that scientists call the ?greenhouse effect‘. This is ____(a. while b.when)small amounts of gases in the atmosphere, like carbon d____, methane and water vapour, trap heat from the sun and t____ warm the earth. Without the ?greenhouse effect‘, the earth would be about thirty-three degree Celsius c____ than it is. So, we need those gases. The problem begins when we add huge q____ of extra carbon dioxide to the a____ by burning fossil fuels. The increased amount of carbon dioxide means that more heat energy is t____ in the atmosphere causing the g____ temperature to go up.‖ We know that the l____ of carbon dioxide have increased greatly over the last 100 to 150 years. It was a scientist c____ Charles Keeling who made a____ measurements of the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere from 1957 to 1997. He found that, b____ these years, the carbon dioxide c____ of the atmosphere went up from around 315 parts per million to a____ 370 parts per million (see Graph 2). All scientists a____ this data. They also believe it is the burring of more fossil fuels that is r____ in this increase in carbon dioxide. But there

are some very different a____ among scientists towards this issue. Dr Janice Foster says that over the next 100 years the a____ of warming could be as ____ as 1to 1.5 degrees Celsius but it could be as much as 5 degree Celsius.
Graph 2: Carbon dioxide content in the atmosphere, 1957-1997

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―An increase of five degrees would be a c____, I would say. We can‘t p____ the climate well enough know what to expert. But it could be very serious.‖ How serious? Some people think future global warming would c____ the sea level to rise d____, famines, the spread of diseases, and the destruction of species. On the other hand, there are those, ____(a. as b. like) scientist George Hambley, ____(a. who b. that) believe that we should not worry about high levels of carbon dioxide in the air and that some scientists‘ c____ about global warming are just s____. He predicts that any warming will be mild with few bad e____ consequences. In fact, he states, ―More carbon dioxide is actually a p____ thing. It will make plants grow faster; crops will produce more; it will e____ a greater range of animals—all of which will make life for human being b____.‖ Greenhouse gases c____ to build up in the atmosphere. Even if we start r____ the amount of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, the climate is going to keep on warming for d____ or centuries. No one knows ____(a. what b. that) the effects of global warming will be. Does that mean we should do nothing? Or, are the r____ too great?

WHAT CAN WE DO ABOUT GLOBAL WARMING?
Dear Earth Care I am doing a p____ at school on what we can do about global warming. Sometimes I feel that i____ cannot have any effect on such huge environmental problems. A____, I'm not sure where to start with my project and would love to get any s____ you have. Thanks Ouyang Guang

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Dear Ouyang Guang, There are many people ___ (a. which b. that) feel like you and do not believe they have power to do anything about our e___. But this is not correct. Together, individuals can make a d___. We do not have to put up with pollution. The greenhouse gas, carbon dioxide, a___ comes from many activities we do every day. Here are a few suggestions___ (a. who b. that) will reduce the carbon dioxide content in the air. These should get you s___ with your project. We use a lot of energy in our houses. It's OK to leave an e___ appliance on ___ (a. if b. so long as)you are using it--if not, turn it off. So if you're not ___(a. use b. using) the lights, the TV, the computer and so on, turn them off. And if you're cold put on more clothes instead of t___ up the heat. Motor v___ use a lot of energy--so walk or ride a bike if you can. R___ cans bottles, plastics and newspapers. It takes a lot of energy to make things from new m___, so, if you can, buy things made from recycled materials. Get your parents ___(a. to buy b. buy) products that are made to save energy--this i ___ cars as well as smaller things like fridges and microwaves. Plant trees in your garden or your school yard as they a___ carbon dioxide from the air. And, i___, talk with your family and friends about global warming and tell them ___(a. what b. that) you're learned. Remember--your contribution c___. Earth Care

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Unit5

The power of nature
AN EXCITING JOB

该栏 20 字符 行距 20 磅

I have the greatest job in the world. I travel to u____ places and meet interesting people from all over the world. Sometimes working o____, sometimes in an office, sometimes using scientific i____ in my work and sometimes meeting with l people and tourists, I am never bored. _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ I am a volcanologist working for the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory ( HVO).My main job is collecting information about Mount Kilauea, which is one of the most a____ volcanoes in Hawaii. Having collected and e____ the information, I help other scientists to p____ where lava from the volcano will flow next and how fast it will flow. Our work has saved many lives because people in the p____ of the lava can be warned to leave their homes. U____, we can‘t move their homes out of the way and many houses have been covered with lava or b____ to the ground. When b____ (a. boiling b. boiled) rock erupts from the volcano and c ____ back to earth, it causes less damage than you might imagine. This is because no one lives near the top of Mount Kilauea w____ the rocks fall. The lava that flows slowly down the mountain causes far more d____ (a. destroy b. damage) because it buries everything in its path under the m____ rock. However, the eruption itself is really exciting to watch and I‘ll never forget my first s____ of an eruption. It was in the second week after I arrived in Hawaii. H____ worked hard all day, I went to bed early. I was f____ asleep when suddenly my bed began shaking and I heard strange sound, like a railway train p____ outside my window. Having experienced quite a few earthquakes in Hawaii already, I didn‘t take much n____ . I was about to go back to sleep when suddenly my bedroom became as b____ as day. I ran out of the house into the back garden where _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

Although my job is occasionally dangerous I don‘t mind, because danger e____ me and makes me feel alive. However, the most important thing about my job is that I help to protect people from one of the most powerful natural f____ on earth —— the volcano.

I could see Mount Kilauea in the d____. There had been an eruption in the side of the mountain and red hot lava was f____ hundreds of metres into the air. It was an absolutely f____ sight. The day after this eruption I was lucky enough to have a much c____ look at it. Two other scientists and I were driven up the mountain and dropped as close as p____ to the crater that had been f____ during the eruption. Having earlier collected special clothes from the o____ , we put them on before we went a____ closer. All three of us l____ like spacemen. We had white p____ suits that covered our whole body, helmets, big boots and special gloves. It wasn‘t very easy to walk ____ these suits, but we slowly m____ our way to the edge of the crater and looked down into the red, boiling centre. The other two climbed down into the crater to collect some lava for later study, but this b____ my first experience; I stayed at the top and watched them. Today, I am just as e____ about my job as the day I first started. Having s____ volcanoes now for more than twenty years, I am still amazed at their beauty as well as their p____ to cause great damage.

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THE LAKE OF HEAVEN
Changbaishan is in Jilin Province, Northeast China. Much of this beautiful, m____ (mountain) area is thick forest. Changbaishan is China‘s largest nature r____ and is kept in its natural r____ for the people of China and visitors from all over the world to enjoy. The height of the land v____ from 700 meters above sea level to over 2000 meters and is h____ to a great d____ of plants and animals. Among the rare animals are cranes, black bears, leopards and Siberian tigers. Many people come to Changbaishan to study the u____ plants and animals. Others come to walk in the mountains, to see the s____ waterfalls or to bathe in the hot water pools. However, the most popular a____ (attract) in the reserve is Tianchi, or Lake of Heaven. Tianchi is a deep lake that has formed in the c____ of a dead volcano on top of the mountain. The lake is 2194 meters above sea level. It is more

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than 200 meters deep, and in the winter the surface f____ over. It takes about an hour to climb from the end of the road to the top of the mountain. When you arrive you are r____ not only by the sight of the c____ clear waters of the Lake of Heaven, but also by the view of the other sixteen mountain peaks that s____ Tianchi. There are many stories told about Tianchi. The most well-known c____ three young women from heaven. They are b____ in Tianchi when a bird flew above them and dropped a small fruit onto the dress of the youngest girl. When she picked up the fruit to smell it, it flew into her mouth. Having s____ the fruit, the girl became p____ and some time later gave b____ to a handsome boy. It is said that this boy, who had a great gift for language and p____ (persuade), is the father of the Manchu people. If you are lucky enough to visit the Lake of Heaven with your l____ one, don‘t forget to drop a coin into the clear, blue water to g____ your love will be as deep and l____ as the lake itself.

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选修(七)

该栏 20 字符 行距 20 磅

Unit 1

Living Well
MARTY’S STORY

_________________ Hi, my name is Marty Fielding and I guess you could say I am ―one in a million‖. I____, there are not many people in the world like me. You see, I have a muscle disease that sometimes ____ (make) me very weak and I can‘t run or climb stairs ____ (as…as) other people. Also, sometimes I am c____ and drop things or bump into furniture. The doctors don‘t know exactly _____ (a. why b. what) is wrong with me, so they don‘t know how to make me well. U_____, they can‘t tell me ____ (a. if b. whether) I will get worse as I get older, or I will stay the same as I am now. I have learned to a____ to my disability. My m____ is: live one day at a time. Up ____ I was about 10 years old, I was the same as everyone else in my class. I used to climb trees and swim and play football. ____, I used to dream about one day ____ (be) a famous football player and ____ (represent) my country in the World Cup. Then I started to get weaker and weaker. Some days I was too tired to ____bed. I went into hospital for tests. I stayed there for nearly three months and ____ (a. missed b. lost) a lot of school. I think I had at least a billion tests while I was there, i____ one in which they cut out a piece of muscle from my leg and looked at it under a m____. Even after all the tests, no one could give my disease a name, so it is difficult to know w____ the future will be like. One of the worst____ (thing) about my disease is that I don't look any different from other people. So sometimes kids l____ at me when I get out of b____ (breathe) after running just a short way or I have to stop half way ____ (a. up b. down) the stairs and rest before I can get up to the top. Sometimes, I am t____ weak to go to school, so I have missed a lot of lessons. E____ time after a long absence from school, I feel really stupid because I am a bit b____ the others. My life is ____ (a. very b. a lot) easier at high school than it was at primary school. My fellow students have begun to a____ me for who I am. Of course, there will always be a few who cannot see the real p____ inside _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

my body, but I do not get a____, I just ignore them. ____, (a. after all b. all in all) I have a good life. I am happy to ____ (find) many things I can do really well, like writing and computer programming. My a____ is to work in the computer i____ when I grow up. Last year I invented a computer football game and a big company has decided to buy it from me. I have a very busy life and I don‘t have time to sit around f____ sorry for myself. As well as ____ (go) to the movies and football matches with my friends when I am well enough, I s____ a lot of time with my pets. I have two rabbits, five mice and a t____ full of fish. Also, I am the only student in my class to have a pet snake. My pets ____ (a. take b. cost) a lot of time to ____, but I get a lot of enjoyment out of them. I have a lot of study to do ____ (a. also b. as well), especially after I have been sick for a while. In many ways my d____ has made me grow stronger and more i_____. I have had to work hard to live a normal life, but it has been w____ it. If I had the chance to say one thing to healthy kids, it would be this: Just having a disability doesn‘t mean your life is not s____. So I don‘t feel sorry for the disabled or make fun of them, and don‘t i____ them, either. Just accept them for who they are and give them e____ to live ____ (a. as a rich and full life b. as rich and full a life) you do. Thank you for r____ my story.

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

A LETTER TO AN ARCHITECT
Dear Ms Sanders, I read in the newspaper that you are the a____ who is to design the new Bankstown cinema. I ____ (write) to ask you to consider the matter of easy use of the cinema by disabled customers. In p____, I would like you to consider the ____ (follow) things. 1. A____ to the cinema for people in wheelchairs and those who

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have difficulty ____ (walk). There should be lifts to all parts of the cinema i____ toilets, the ticket office, sweet shop and the theatre itself. The buttons in the lift should be easy for people in wheelchairs to r____ and the lift should be attractive and comfortable. In some cinemas, the lifts are at the back of the cinema in cold, _____ (attract) areas. This makes

d_____ people feel they are not as important as other customers. 2. Earphones for people who have trouble h____. There should be

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ ________________

earphones ____ (a. besides b. beside) all seats, not just a few. This will allow hearing-impaired customers to enjoy the c____ of their hearing friends ____ (a. rather than b. other than) having to sit in a special area. 3. Raised seating. The seats at the back of the cinema should be p____ higher than the _____ (a. one b. ones) at the front so that everyone, w_____ they are short or tall, can see the screen easily. There should be a s____ at the end of each row so that people in wheelchairs can sit beside their friends. 4. Toilets. There should be toilets for the disabled near the e____

to the cinema. It is not good enough to have only one disabled toilet in the basement a long way from ____ (a. where b. which) the movie is showing. 5. Car parking. Of course, there also ____ be car parking spaces

e____ for the disabled and elderly and it should be easy for them to get from the car park to the cinema. Thank you for reading my letter. I hope you will consider my s____. Disabled people should have the same opportunities as able-bodied people to enjoy the cinema and they should be able to do so with d____. I am sure many people will praise your cinema if you design it with good a____ for disabled people. The cinema owners will also be happy as more people will be able to go there. Yours s____, Alice Major

Unit2

Robots

该栏 20 字符 行距 20 磅

SATISFACTION GUARANTEED
Larry Belmont worked for a c____ that made robots. Recently it was experimenting with a robot that could be used to ____ (a. do b. doing) the housework. It was going to be t____ out by Larry‘s wife, Claire. Claire didn‘t want the robot in her house, e____ as her husband would be a____ for three week, but Larry persuaded her that the robot wouldn‘t harm her or a____ her to be harmed. However, when she first the robot, she felt ____ (a. alarming b. alarmed). The robot, called Tony, didn‘t look like a machine at all. He was tall and handsome although his f____ expressions never changed. His hair was s____ and black and his voice was d____. O____ the second morning Tony brought her breakfast and then asked her whether she needed help dressing. She felt e____ (embarrass) and quickly told him to go. It was d____ and frightening that he looked so human. One day, Claire m____ that she didn‘t think she was clever. Tony said that she must feel very unhappy to say that. Claire thought it was r____ to be offered s____ by robot. But she began to trust him. She told him how she and her home weren‘t e____ enough for someone like Larry who wanted to i____ his social position. She wasn‘t like Gladys Claffern, one of the richest and most ____ (power) women around. Tony wanted to please Claire by helping her make herself and her home elegant. So Claire borrowed a p____ of books from the library for him to read or r____, scan. She looked at his fingers with w____ as they turned each page and suddenly reached for his hand. She was a____ by his fingernails and the ____ (soft) and warmth of his skin. How a____ , she thought. He was just a machine. Tony gave Claire a new h____ and changed the makeup she wore. As he was not allowed to a____ her to the shops, he wrote out a list of items for her. Claire went into the city and bought curtain, cushion, a carpet and paint. Then she went into a d____ shop. When the salesman was

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r____ to her, she rang Tony up and told the salesman to speak to him. The salesman immediately changed his a____. Claire thanked Tony, telling him that he was a ―dear‖. As she turned a____, there stood Gladys Claffern. How a____ to be discovered by her, Claire thought. By the amused and ____ (surprise) look on her face, Claire knew that Gladys thought she was having an a____. After all, she knew Claire husband‘s name was Larry, not Tony. When Claire got home, she w____ with anger. Gladys was everything Claire wanted to be. You can be like her, Tony told her and he suggested that she ____ (a. invite b. invited) Gladys and her friends to the house the night before he was to leave and Larry was to return. By that time, Tony expected the house to be completely t____. Tony worked s____ on the improvements. Claire tried to help once but was too c____. She fell off the ladder and even though Tony was in the next room, he m____ to catch her in time. He held her f____ (firm) in his arms and she felt the warmth of his body. She s____, pushed him away and ran to her home for the rest of the day. The night of the party arrived. The clock s____ (strike) eight. The guests would be a____ soon and Claire told Tony to go into another room. At the moment, Tony f____ his arms around her, bending his face close to hers. She cried out ―Tony‖ and the heard him d____ that he didn‘t want to leave her the next day and that he felt more than just the d____ to please her. Then the front door bell rang. Tony f____ her and disappeared from sight. It was then ____ (a. that b. when) Claire realized that Tony had opened the ____ on the front window. Her guests had seen everything. The women were i____ by Claire and the house. Just before they left, Claire heard Gladys w____ to another woman that she had never seen anyone so handsome as Tony. What a sweet v____ by those women! She might not be as beautiful as them, but none of them had such handsome lover. Then she remembered---Tony was just a machine. She shouted ―L____ me alone‖ and ran to her bed. She cried all night. The next morning a car ____ up and took Tony away. The company was very pleased with Tony‘s report on his three weeks

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with Claire. Tony had p____ a human being from harm. He had protected Claire from harming herself t____ her own sense of failure. He had opened the curtains that night the other women would see him and Claire, knowing that there was no r____ to Claire‘s marriage. But even thought Tony had been so clever, he would have to be r____---you cannot have women ____ (a. fall b. falling) in love with machine.

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A BIOGRAPHY OF ISAAC ASIMOV
Isaac Asimov was an American scientist and writer who wrote a____ 480 books that included m____ stories, science and history books, and even books about the Bible and about Shakespeare. But his best known work was his science f____ stories. Asimov had both an e____ imagination that gave him the ability to e____ future worlds and an a____ (amaze) mind with which he searched for explanations of everything, in the p____ and the past. Asimov‘s life began in Russia where he was born on 2 January, 1920. It e____ in New York on 6 April, 1992 when he died as a result of an HIV infection that he had got from a blood t____ nine years earlier. When Asimov was three, he m____ with his mother, father and his one-year-old sister to New York City. There his parents bought a c____ store which they r____ for the next 40 or so years. At the age of nine, when his mother was p____ with her third child, Isaac started working in the candy store. He worked there t____ his school and university years until 1942, a year after he had g____ a Master‘s degree at university in chemistry. From 1942 to 1945 he worked as a j____ chemist at the Philadelphia Navy Yard. In 1948 he got his PhD in chemistry. The next year he became a b____ teacher at Boston University School of Medicine. In 1958 he gave up teaching to become a f____ writer. It was when Asimov was eleven years old that his t____ for writing became obvious. He had told a friend two c____ of a story he had written. The friend thought he was r____ a story from a book. This really surprised Asimov and from that moment, he started to t____ himself seriously as a

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writer. Asimov began having stories ____ (publish) in science fiction magazines in 1939. In 1950 he p____ his first novel and in 1953 his first science book. T____ his life, Asimov received many awards, both for his science fiction books and his science books. Among his most famous w____ of science fiction, one for ____ (a. which b. that) he won an award was ―The Foundation Trilogy‖ (1951-1953), three stories about the death and r____ of a great empire in a g____ of the future. He is also well known or his collection of short stories, ―I, Robots‖ (1950), ____ (a. of b. in) which he d____ a set of three ―laws‖ for robots. For example, the first law states that a robot must not injure human beings or allow them to be injured. Some of his ideas about robots later i____ other writers and even scientists researching into artificial i____. Asimov was married twice. He married his first wife in 1942 and had a son and a daughter. Their marriage l____ 31 years. Soon after his d____ in 1973, Asimov married again but he had no children with his second wife.

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Unit 3

Under the sea

该栏 20 字符 行距 20 磅

OLD TOM THE KILLER WHALE
I was 16 when I began work in June 1902 at the w_____ station. I had heard o____ the killers that every year helped the whalers catch the h____ whales. I thought, at the time, that this was just a story but then I w_____ it with my own eyes many times. On the afternoon I arrived at the station, as I was s____ out my a_____, I heard a huge noise coming from the bay. We ran down to the shore in time to see an enormous animal t____ itself out of the water and then c____ down again. It was black and white and fish-shaped. But I knew it wasn‘t a fish. ―That‘s Old Tom, the killer,‖ one of the whalers, George, c____ out to me. ―He‘s telling us there‘s a whale out there for us.‖ Another whaler y____ out, ―Rush-oo… rush-oo…‖ This was the call that a_____ there was about to be a whale hunt. ―Come on, Clancy. To the boat,‖ George said as he ran a_____ of me. I had already heard that George didn‘t like b_____ kept waiting, so even though I didn‘t have the right clothes on, I g_____ my boots and reach after him. We jumped into the boat with the other whalers and h_____ out into the bay. I looked down i_____ the water and could see Old Tom swimming by the boat, s_____(a. showed

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

b. showing) us the way. A _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

few minutes later, there was no Tom, so George s_____ beating the water with his oar and there was Tom, circling back to the boat, l_____ us to the hunt again. In the d_____ we could see that something was happening. As we d_____ closer, I could see a whale being attacked by a pack of about six other killers. ―What‘re they doing?‖ I asked George. ― Well, they are working as a team---the killers over there are t______ themselves on the top of the whale‘s blow-hole to stop it breathing. And those others are stopping it f_____ out to sea,‖ George

told me, pointing towards the hunt. And just at that moment, the most e_____ thing happened. The killers started r____ between our boat and the whale just like a p_____ of excited dogs. Then the harpoon was ready and the man in the b_____ of the boat aimed it at the whale. He let it go and the harpoon hit the s______. Being badly w______, the whale soon died. Within a moment or two, its body was dragged by killers down into the d_____ of the sea. The men started turning the boat around to go home. ―What‘s h______ ?‖ I asked, ―Have we lost the whale?‖ ―Oh, no,‖ Jack replied. ―We‘ll return tomorrow to bring in the body. It won‘t f_____ up to the surface for around 24 hours.‖ ―In the m_____, Old Tom, and the others are having a good feed on its lips and tongue,‖ added Red, laughing. ***** Although Old Tom and the other killers were f_____ hunters, they never h____ or attacked people. In fact, they protected them. There was one day when we were out in the bay during a hunt and James was w_____ off the boat. ―Man o______! Turn the boat around!‖ George shouted. The sea was rough that day and it was difficult to h_____ the boat. The waves were carrying James further a____ further away from us. From James‘s face, I could see he was t______ of being abandoned by us. Then suddenly I saw a shark.. ―Look, there‘s a shark out there,‖ I screamed. ―Don‘t worry, Old Tom won‘t l____ it near,‖ Red replied. It took over half an hour to get the boat back to James, and when we a_____ him, I saw James being held up in the water by Old Tom. I couldn‘t believe my eyes. There were s______ of ―Well done, Old Tom‖ and ―Thank God‖ as we p_____ James back into the boat. And then Old Tom was off and back to the hunt w_____ the other killers were still attacking the whale.

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A NEW DIMESION OF LIFE
I‘m sitting in the warm night air w_____ a cold drink in my hand and _________________

r_____ on the day--- a day of pure magic! I went snorkelling on the reef this morning and it was the most f_____ thing I have ever done. Seeing such e____ beauty, I think every cell in my body woke up. It was like discovering a whole new d____ of life. The first thing I became aware of was all the vivid colours s____ me--purples, reds, oranges, yellows, blues and greens. The corals were fantastic --- they were s____ like fans, plates, brains, lace, mushrooms, lettuces, the branches of trees and the h____ of deer. And all kinds of elegant fish were swimming in and round the corals. The fish didn‘t seem to mind me s____ around them. I especially loved the little orange and white anemone fish that hide in the p____ tentacles of the sea anemones. And I also loved the small fish t____ clean the bodies of large fish--- I even saw them g____ inside their mouths and clean their teeth! It seemed there was a surprise w____ for me around every corner as I e____ small caves, shelves and narrow passages--- the yellow and green parrotfish h_____ upside down, gathering tiny plants off the coral with its hard bird-like mouth; a yellow-s____ red sea-slug sliding b____ a blue sea-star; an orange and blue-striped angelfish looking s____ at me; a large wise-looking turtle passing so close to me t____ I could have touched it. There were other c____ that I didn‘t want to get too close to--- an eel w____ strong sharp teeth, with only its head showing from a hole, watching f_____ a tasty fish ( or my taste toe!); and the giant clam half b____ in some coral waiting for something to swim in between its thick green lips. Then there were two g____ reef sharks, each about one and a half metres long, which suddenly a____ from behind some coral. I told myself they weren‘t dangerous but that didn‘t stop me f____ feeling s____ to death for a moment! The water was quiet s____ but where the reef ended, there was a sharp d____ to the sandy ocean floor. I thought I was very brave when I swam over the edge of the reef and hung there looking d____ into depths of the ocean. My heart was b____ wildly--- I felt very exposed in such deep clear water.

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_________________ What a wonderful, l____ world it was down there! And what a tiny s____ I was in this enormous world! _________________ ________________

Unit 4 sharing
A LETTER HOME
Dear Rosemary, Thanks for your letter. It was wonderful to h____ from you. I know you‘re dying to hear all about my life here. I have i which will help you p____ the places I talk about. come photos

该栏 20 字符 行距 20 磅

_________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

You asked about my high school. Well, it‘s a b____ school— the _________________ classrooms are made from bamboo and the roofs from grass. It t____ me only a few m____ to walk to school. When I reach the school grounds there lots of ― good mornings‖ for me from the boys, many of w____ have walked a long way, sometimes u____ to two hours, to get to the school. There‘s no e____ or water and we don‘t have any textbooks. I‘m still trying to a____ to these conditions but, one thing is for sure, I‘ve become more i in my teaching. Science is my most challenging subject as it from my house — _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

there is no equipment and it I need water I have to c

in a bucket! The other day I was showing the boys a chemistry e

before I knew it, the m____ was bubbling over everywhere! The boys had never come a anything like this and started jumping out of the chemistry is to the kids, most of after year 8. In fact, I wonder

windows. Sometimes I wonder how r whom will be going back to their v whether I‘m making any d

to these boys‘ lives at all. any local people. Well,

You asked whether I am getting to k that‘s actually quite difficult a But last weekend another t

I don‘t speak much Pidgin English yet. , Jenny, and I did visit a village that was

the home of one of the boys, Tombe. It was my first v

to a village. We _________________ to a ridge _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________ _________________

walked for two and a half hours to get there—first up to a m from where we had fantastic v valley below. When we a

and then down a steep slope to the at the village, Tombe‘s mother, Kiak, who ―ieee ieee‖. We shook hands

had been working in her garden, started c with all the v

. Everyone seemed to be a relative of Tombe‘s. us to his house, a low bamboo hut with

Tombe‘s father, Mukap, l grass

(stick) out of the roof— this shows it‘s a man‘s house. There _________________

were no windows and the doorway was just big enough to get t hut was d

. The

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inside so it took time for our eyes to adjust. Fresh grass had (new) made platform for Jenny hut but that night

been laid on the floor and there was a and me to s

on. Usually Kiak slept in her own

she was going to s sleep on small beds in a

the platform with us. Mukap and Tombe were to part

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