济南一中 2015—2016 学年度第 2 学期期中考试 高二英语试题
本试卷分第 I 和第 II 两卷，共 10 页，考试时间 120 分钟，满分 150 分。 第 I 卷 (选择题，共 100 分)? 第一部分 听力 （共两节，满分 30 分） 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、
B、C 三个选项中选出 最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答 有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What does the boy want to have? A. Melons. B. Apples. C. Honey. 2. Where are the speakers? A. In a shop. B. In a restaurant. C. In a hotel. 3. What does the man remember? A. The leaving time. B. The flight number. C. The meeting time. 4. Why is the man going to Boston? A. To visit a friend. B. To see the sights. C. To go to some meetings. 5. What do we know about the woman? A. She is watching TV. B. She will stay at home. C. She will go to the cinema later. 第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时 间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对 话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。 6. When does the wom an usually fall asleep? A. 1:00 a.m. B. 2:00 a.m. C. 5:00 a.m. 7. What will the man do next? A. Give the woman a test. B. Lie down on the sofa.
C. Bring the woman some medicine. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8、9 题。 8. What is Mr. Smith doing? A. Answering the phone. B. Having a meeting. C. Working in the office. 9. What does the woman want to do? A. Have a talk with Mr. Smith. B. Visit the man as soon as possible. C. Have lunch with the man in an hour. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 13 题。 10. Where is the woman flying? A. To Hawaii. B. To Sydney. C. To London. 11. Who works in Hawaii? A. The woman’s friends. B. The man’s brothers. C. The man’s parents. 12. Wh at does the woman want to see most? A. The loc al animals. B. The museums. C. The parks. 13. What’s the probable relationship between the speakers? A. Friends. B. Husband and wife. C. Teacher and student. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 14 至 17 题。 14. Where does the conversation take place? A. In Paris. B. In Ottawa. C. In London. 15. How long will the man stay in London? A. For one year. B. For two years. C. For three years. 16. What does the man say about his co-workers? A. They are all English. B. They are funny to work with. C. They are from different countries. 17. How does the man find his life in London? A. Pleasant. B. Strange. C. Painful. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 18 至 20 题。 18. Which hand did the first clock have? A. The second hand. B. The minute hand. C. The hour hand. 19. Why did bells become a part of clocks?
A. They were for the rich. B. They were for the blind. C. They were for students. 20. What is the talk mainly about? A. A famous clock. B. How clocks are made. C. The history of clocks. 第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节 （共 15 个小题，每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A, B, C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项。 A The London Underground is one of the best transport networks in the world with around 24 million journeys made each day, so it’s important that everything runs smoothly. Remember the following to travel like a Londoner. Keep right on escalator (自动梯) London Underground asks that you stand on the right when using the escalators and leave the left free for others to walk down. If you’re traveling in a big group, or with lots of shopping bags, stand and stay right and let others pass you—it will speed up the process and be a more pleasant journey for everyone! Remember the “rush hour” The tube network is very busy during the rush hour. You can expect the trains and stations to be overcrowded between 7:30 and 9:30 in the morning and between 17:00 and 19:00 in the evening. Move down the platform to find more space As you enter the station platform, you will often find more room if you walk down to the end of the platform. Here, the train carriages are usually the emptiest as well. Carry a bottle of water in the warmer months The London Underground is over 150 years old and although the trains have been modernized, many still lack air conditioning and cooling units. Make sure you take a bottle of water with you, especially in summer, as the long tube journeys can get very hot. Keep your personal belongings safe Like any large city be cautious of pickpockets operating in the busy stations and tubes. Carry a bag with zips and keep your personal belongings and valuable items in it to avoid becoming the victims of theft. Plan your journey on the London Underground in advance with a free tube map. Click here to download. 21. The text is mainly about ______.
A. the management of the London Underground B. the development of the London Underground C. advantages of using the London Underground D. suggestions on using the London Underground 22. What should we do when taking the London Underground? A. Avoid taking water along with the ride. B. Stand on the right when using the escalators. C. Avoid taking a large number of shopping bags. D. Walk to the middle of the platform to find more space. 23. In order not to be stolen, you’re advised to _______. A. avoid traveling in a big group B. avoid traveling during the rush hour C. keep your valuables in a zipped bag D. stay away from busy stations and tubes B I was never very neat, while my roommate Kate was extremely organized. Each of her objects had its place, but mine always hid somewhere. She even labeled (贴标签) everything. I always looked for everything. Over time, Kate got neater and I got messier. She would push my dirty clothing over, and I would lay my books on her tidy desk. We both got tired of each other. War broke out one evening. Kate came into the room. Soon, I heard her screaming, “Take your shoes away! Why under my bed!” Deafened, I saw my shoes flying at me. I jumped to my feet and started yelling. She yelled back louder. The room was filled with anger. We could not have stayed together for a single minute but for a phone call. Kate answered it. From her end of the conversation, I could tell right away her grandma was seriously ill. When she hung up, she quickly crawled(爬) under her covers, sobbing. Obviously, that was something she should not go through alone. All of a sudden, a warm feeling of sympathy rose up in my heart. Slowly, I collected the pencils, took back the books, made my bed, cleaned the socks and swept the floor, even on her side. I got so into my work that I even didn’t notice Kate had sat up. She was watching, her tears dried and her expression one of disbelief. Then, she reached out her hands to grasp mine. I looked up into her eyes. She smiled at me, “Thanks.” Kate and I stayed roommates for the rest of the year. We didn’t always agree, but we learned the key to living together: giving in, cleaning up and holding on. 24. What made Kate so angry one evening? A. She couldn’t find her books. B. She heard the author shouting loud.
C. She got the news that her grandma was ill. D. She saw the author’s shoes beneath her bed. 25. The author tidied up the room most probably because_____. A. she was scared by Kate’s anger B. she hated herself for being so messy C. she wanted to show her care D. she was asked by Kate to do so 26. How is Paragraph 1 mainly developed? A. By analyzing causes. B. By showing differences. C. By describing a process. D. By following time order. 27. What might be the best title for the story? A. My Friend Kate B. Hard Work Pays off C. How to Be Organized D. Learning to Be Roommates C. That Rashema Melson graduated at the top of her class surprised few people at her high school in Washington, D.C. But that she maintained a 4.0 grade point average and is heading to one of the nation’s top universities while living in a homeless shelter never fails to amaze anyone. It is truly an inspiration. Eighteen-year-old Melson knows that the story seems improbable, especially for someone growing up in one of the hard parts of the nation’s capital. “Life is not fair, but despite that difficult reality, you must keep striving through the pain and tears,” she said in a graduation speech at Anacostia High School. Melson’s father was killed before her first birthday, and for the past several years, she has lived with her mother and three brothers and sister in a homeless shelter. Melson said she considered the shelter a place to stay in, but not a home. “There is no furniture, and no refrigerator. It’s just a place to stay in until you get where you want to be,” she told the reporter. Because of a lot of noise at the shelter, Melson found it difficult to do her homework. That caused her to head to school every morning around 7:00 a.m. and stay for the next 13 hours, taking honors courses and competing in track. But Melson rarely spoke up about her family’s situation nor did she ever complain. “I know that people look up to me because I always try to be the best example,” she said. Melson said she hopes to study medicine science at Georgetown, although her dreams involve having her own room to study, as well as a place to shower safely. “Never be afraid to go after your dreams, and regardless of the negative word that has been said to us, beat the obstacles and let the sun shine,”
she told her fellow graduates. “Each step we take is paved with possibilities. Now go and unlock the door to your future.” 28. Melson did quite well in the high school graduation exam, which_____. A. was big news to her classmates B. was very common to many people C. made her well known in the nation D. made her be liked by her teachers 29. What does the underlined word “striving” in paragraph 2 mean? A. Doing something difficult. B. Understanding the truth. C. Making great effort. D. Finishing everyday task. 30. What can we know about Melson? A. She was afraid to be late for school. B. She went through a very tough life. C. She sometimes complained about her life. D. She felt aimless about her future. 31. What can we learn from Melson’s words to her fellow graduates? A. Practice makes perfect. B. It is never too old to learn. C. Experience is the mother of wisdom. D. Nothing is impossible to a willing mind. D A scientist responsible for finding signs of life on other planets has warned that human beings should probably think twice before making contact with aliens （外星人）. Professor Matthew Bailes is based at Swinburne University and is leading Australia’s efforts to find signs of extra-terrestrial (外星的)life. But he warned that making contact with aliens capable of transmitting powerful signals to earth over tens of thousands of light years could lead humans into disaster, because they’re likely to be so much advanced. “The history of weak civilizations contacting more advanced civilizations is not a happy one!” he said. Prof Bailes was recently put in charge of the Breakthrough Prize Foundation’s $100m to search for alien life, which is being financed by Russian billionaire Yuri Milner and is backed by Professor Stephen Hawking. The team working on the project will use the Parkes radio telescope, one of the largest in the world, to scan the universe. Prof Bailes told the news media that accurate computers would have to be installed at Parkes to sort through as many as a billion samples a second to try to detect patterns or likely signals. “There is no manual(指南) on how to find aliens. We’ll have to imagine the sort of transmissions an alien race might
send.” The computers, he warned, would take a year to build, and the project has five years to run. But he said that the signal, if and when it arrives, would likely be quite weak after travelling across such vast distances. He said that scientists hope that aliens will send a pattern human beings would be able to recognize, such as prime numbers. But he warned that we might all be “long dead and buried” before we could work out how to reply and the aliens could get an answer. 32. What did the scientist warn humans? A. Don’t send any signal to the aliens. B. Don’t contact with aliens casually. C. Don’t reply to any signal the aliens sent. D. Don’t receive the powerful signals from aliens. 33. What can we learn from Paragraph 2? A. The history of weak civilizations should never be forgotten. B. The aliens are more intelligent than humans. C. Human civilization needs to be developed urgently. D. The aliens’ civilizations may be more advanced than humans’. 34. What can we infer about the equipments at Parkes? A. They have scanned the universe for years. B. They are the best equipments in the world. C. They haven’t been installed then. D. They are capable of detecting the exact target signals. 35. Bailes’ attitude of communicating with the aliens is_______. A. encouraging B. indifferent C. hopeful D. negative 第二节 （共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多 于选项。 The benefits of giving your dogs bones Giving your dogs bones is highly recommended. 36 .You can give them to order dogs to help remove plaque(牙菌斑). For whatever reason you choose, you will promote your dog’s overall health and stimulate its senses. Does chewing have dental benefits? Bones actually can stimulate dogs’ teeth and help dogs deal with the pain of teething. If you have a dog, you may be wondering why it is destroying all the furniture in your house. Just like a human baby, dogs experience teething and it’s often frustrating and painful. Chewing objects eases the pain. 37 . What types of bones are beneficial? Certain bones are know n to cause internal problems and should never be given to your dogs. Avoid poultry(家禽) bones because they have a tendency to get stuc k
in a dog’s digestive tract(消化道) . 38 . Raw bones are widely debated. Many owners insist that it is perfectly safe to give dogs raw bones while experts suggest that these bones are not healthy due to the collagen(胶原蛋白) in the bones. Dogs cannot digest collagen. Does the size of the bone matter? Size certainly matters when it comes to dog bones. The size of the bone is widely dependent on the size of your dog. 39 . Pet stores have a large offering of bones. 40 . Bones are also great to help dogs to get rid of being bored. They can keep your dog busy for hours, which is especially useful if you’re someone who isn’t home for hours at a time. You can also save your furniture by providing your dog with a flavored rawhide(生皮). A. What other benefits are there? B. They can even cause life-threatening issues. C. Should you also consider purchasing dog toys? D. Do not forget to give your dog the attention it needs. E. You can give them to dogs to control the desire to chew. F. To protect your furniture and shoes, give your dog a bone. G. Small dogs require small bones and large dogs require large bones. 第三部分 英语知识运用 （共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 完形填空 （共 20 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A,B,C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空白处 的最佳选项。 A young man was walking by the lakeside when he suddenly saw a piece of gold glittering in the lake. He was so happy that he jumped into the 41 to look for it. But he couldn’t 42 it however hard he tried. Being wet, dirty and tired, he had to go ashore(上岸) for a 43 . Unexpectedly, after the water became 44 , the gold appeared again. He jumped into it again, 45 once again the gold disappeared. So he had to go ashore again to sit beside the 46 . He thought, “Where is the gold coin in the water on earth? I have seen it 47 , but how come it is that all the attempts were made without any success?” Driven by the 48 to get the gold, he searched the water again and again, but 49 , which made him really unwilling to 50 . At that moment, his father came to 51 him. Seeing his son wet and dirty, he asked, “What 52 ? Why do you look so 53 ? ” His son answered, “I see a piece of gold coin in the water clearly, but I can’t get it 54 !” His father looked into the water and it seemed that a gold coin was on the peaceful water. Then he looked up at the tree nearby and said to his son, “You
are 55 . Look! It’s not a gold coin but the reflection of the metal 56 on the tree.” Ordinary people are always busy 57 illusory (虚幻的) things and all these just result from 58 , which weakens our ability to 59 right from wrong. So we should choose the right 60 of life and learn to understand and thank everything, which will help us live a happy life. 41. A. forest B. water C. bank D. air 42. A. search B. pick C. get D. receive 43. A. change B. start C. sleep D. rest 44. A. dirty B. warm C. calm D. shallow 45. A. but B. as C. so D. or 46. A. pool B. lake C. river D. sea 47. A. cautiously B. possibly C. obviously D. believably 48. A. interest B. request C. desire D. value 49 . A. in vain B. without purpose C. in progress D. at peace 50. A. watch B. understand C. admit D. accept 51. A. look into B. look for C. deal with D. argue with 52. A. happened B. changed C. mattered D. lost 53. A. embarrassed B. excited C. frightened D. delighted 54. A. instead B. meanwhile C. anyway D. otherwise 55. A. cute B. wrong C. wonderful D. careful 56. A. lying B. sticking C. growing D. hanging 57. A. pursuing B. imagining C. having D. drawing 58. A. fear B. anxiety C. greed D. pressure 59. A. bring B. tell C. stop D. benefit 60. A. sense B. responsibility C. role D. direction 第 II 卷 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分）
第二节 （共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（1 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式（不超 过 3 个） 。 With the 61 (develop) of industry，air pollution is getting more and more serious. In Shanghai, many people suffer from different 62 (kind)of illnesses because of air pollution. Air polluti on is 63 (main) caused by the following r easons. One factor is that half of the p roblem is caused by vehicles. There are more and more cars and buses on the road, 64 give off poisonous gases. 35% of air pollution is caused by factories. 65 factor is smoking. It is well-known to all 66 smoking does harm to others’ health as well as to that of the smokers. We should take some measures to fight against pollution. New fuel can be used to take 67 place of gas. We can plant more trees，grass and flowers, 68 (balance) the environment. All in all, if everybody realizes the 69 (important) of the environment protection and does something to stop pollution, the problem 70 (solve). 第四部分 写作 第一节：短文改错（共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(﹨)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Look back on the National English Speaking Competition I attended several days before, I have much to share with you. Firstly, I think the reason why I win the first prize is that I spared no effort to study hard. But I believe the saying, “No pains, no gains.” Secondly, by taking part in competition, I built my confidence and made friends with many students from other city such as Beijing and Shanghai. Most important, I am very grateful to my English teache r. Without their help, I couldn’t have got such a great prize. Please remember that every small step we take count. Wish everyone for great progress. 第二节：书面表达（满分 25 分） 假设你是高二学生李华，你将参加学校举行的英语俱乐部竞选。请根据以下提示写一 篇竞选演讲稿：1、个人的优势; 2、加入俱乐部后的打算。 注意：1.词数 100 左右； 2.可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 3.开头和结尾已给出，不计入总词数。 Hi, everyone! ___________________________________________________________________________
____________ Thank you for listening.
2014 级高二第二学期期中考试 英语答案 第一部分 听力 （共两节，满分 30 分） 1-5 BABCB 6-10 BABAB 11-15 CAABC 16-20 CACBC 第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 21-25 DBCDC 26-30 BDBCB 31-35 DBDCD 36-40 EDBGA 第三部分 英语知识运用 （共两节，满分 45 分） 第三节 完形填空 （共 20 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 41-45 BCDCA 46-50 BCCAD 51-55 BAACB 56-60 DACBD 第四节 （共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 61 developme nt 62 kinds 63 mainly 64 which 65 Another 66 that 67 the 68 balancing 69 importance 70 will/can be solved 第四部分 写作 第一节：短文改错（共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） Look back on the National English Speaking Competition I attended Looking several days before, I have much to share with you. Firstly, I think the ago reason why I win the first prize is that I spared no effort to study hard. won But I believe the saying ,“No pains, no gains.” Secondly, by taking part in
And ∧competition, I built my confidence and made friends with many the students from other city such as Beijing and Shanghai. Most important, I cities importantly
am very grateful to my English teacher. Without their help, I couldn’t his/her have got such a great prize. Please remember that every small step we take count. Wish everyone for(去掉 for) great progress. counts