tceic.com
简单学习网 让学习变简单
相关标签
当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >>

2011届高考英语第一轮基础专题复习课件6(动词的时态和语态)


六、动词的时态和语态

1.(2009· 山东,34)I was out of town at the time,so I don’t know exactly how it A.was happening B.happened? B .?

C.happens
解析 同时

D.has happened?

r />
“事情的发生”是和“was out of town”

发生的,故用一般过去时。

2.(2009· 宁夏,26)His sister left home in 1998,

and

B

since.?

A.had not been heard of B.has not been heard of? C.had not heard of D.has not heard of? 解析 句意为:他的妹妹自从1998年离开家后一 直杳无音讯。根据句意,指从1998年后到现在一 直没有音讯,故应用现在完成时,排除A和C项;

又因他的妹妹和hear of之间是被动关系,故排除
D项。

3. (2009· 江苏,21)The population of Jiangsu A to more than twice what it was in B.have grown? D.are growing? 1949.The figure is now approaching 74 million. ? A.has grown C.grew

解析 本句中谈论的人口的增长是从1949年一直
到现在的人口的增长,所以应该用现在完成时态。 又因为population作主语时谓语动词应该用单 数,所以此题选A。

4.(2009· 江苏,22)— Ann is in hospital.? — Oh,really?I know.I go and visit her. ? A.didn’t;am going to B.don’t;would? C.don’t;will D.didn’t;will? 答案 D? 解析 在听完第一个说话者的话之后“我不知道 Ann在住院”这个情况就已经成为过去,所以要用 一般过去时,因此可以排除B、C两项;我去看她 这个动作发生在将来,是临时决定要去做某事, 没有计划和安排性,所以用一般将来时,不用be going to结构,由此可以排除A项。故此题应该选 D。

5.(2009· 江苏,25)— Hi,Torry,can I use your computer for a while this afternoon? —Sorry. C .? A.It’s repaired B.It has been repaired?

C.It’s being repaired
D.It had been repaired? 解析 由sorry可知,第二个说话者拒绝了第一

个说话者借电脑的要求,只有选C项,第二个人
的理由才充分。答句句意为:对不起,我的电脑 正在被修理。

6. (2009· 天津,2)My parents

A

in Hong

Kong.They were born there and have never lived anywhere else.? A.live B.lived?

C.were living
解析

D.will live?

由第二句中的“...have never lived

anywhere else.”可知,空格处应用一般现在时 表示状态。

7.(2009· 上海,29)Mary went to the box office at lunch time,but all the tickets A.would sell C.have sold B out.?

B.had sold? D.was selling?

解析 玛丽去售票处是一个过去的动作,而票全 部售完发生在玛丽去售票处之前,因此是“过去 的 过去”,故用过去完成时。?

8.(2009· 上海,36)During the period of recent

terrorist activities,people
any unattended bag.?

B

not to touch

A.had always been warned?

B.were always being warned?
C.are always warning? D.always warned?

解析

由句意可知,people与warn之间是被动关

系,故排除C、D两项;A项是过去完成时,表示 “过去的过去”,而语境中没有这种时间提示, 故 选B项,即“人们一直被警告不要去触动任何无 人

9.(2009· 江西,29)— What is the price of petrol these days?? — Oh,it B sharply since last month.? B.has risen? D.is increased? A.is raised C.has arisen

解析

由since last month可知应该用现在完成

时,首先排除A、D。再根据句意可知应该选B。 rise是不及物动词,意为“上升”,符合题意。 arise意为“站立,出现”,不符合语境。

10. (2009· 江西,31)—Do you want a lift home?

?

— It’s very kind of you,but I have to work
late in the office.I overslept this morning because my alarm clock

D

.?

A.doesn’t go off
C.wasn’t going off

B.won’t go off?
D.didn’t go off?

解析 由上文的I overslept this morning可知 此处谈论的是发生在过去的一件事,所以用一 般过去时。

11.(2009· 四川,15)— Why don’t we choose that road to save time? ?

—The bridge to it
A.has repaired

C

.?

B.is repaired?

C.is being repaired

D.will be repaired?

解析 根据上下文来看,不选那条路的原因是通 向那条路的桥梁正在被修,故用现在进行时态的 被动语态。

12.(2009· 四川,18)—You speak very good French!?

— Thanks.I
A.studied

A

French in Sichuan
B.study? D.had studied?

University for four years. ? C.was studying 解析

句意为:——你法语说得很好!——谢谢。

我在四川大学学了四年法语。此处表示过去某 一段时间所进行的动作,纯粹是过去的事实, 与现在没有关系,故用一般过去时。

13. (2009· 辽宁,24)Excuse me,Marcia,a reporter from Vanity Fair C all day. Could you speak to her now??

A.phones
解析

B.has phoned?

C.has been phoning D.phoned? 句意为:对不起,玛西娅,一位来自? Vanity Fair?的记者一整天都在打电话,你现 在能和她通话吗?表示过去开始的动作一直持 续进行到现在用现在完成进行时。题干中all day表示一段时间。

14.(2009· 辽宁,31)My parents have promised to come to see me before I B for Africa.

? A.have left
C.left

B.leave
D.will leave?

解析 句意为:我父母答应在我动身去非洲前来
看我。主句中have promised to come to see me 表示“答应将要来看我”,时间状语从句中的动 词

15.(2009· 福建,31) According to the literary

review,Shakespeare

D

his characters

live through their language in his plays.

A.will make
C.was making

B.had made?
D.makes?

解析


因为是“根据文学评论”做出的事情,

用一般现在时来表示动作的时间性。

动词的时态? 1. 一般现在时 一般现在时是不受时间限制的客观存在,指经 常发生的动作或存在的状态。具体表示:? (1)表示现状、性质、状态或经常或习惯性的 动作,且常与表频率的时间状语连用。? John sometimes sits up very late.约翰有时很 晚才睡。?

(2)表示客观事实或普遍现象。?
I usually go to bed at nine.我通常9点钟睡觉。

2. 一般将来时的几种用法比较? (1)be going to表示现在打算在最近或将来要 做某事,这种打算往往经过事先考虑,甚至已经做

了某种准备或表示非常可能发生。?
(2)shall/will do表示未事先考虑过,即说话时 临时想到的。?

(3)be to do sth.表示按计划、安排即将发生的
动作或表示吩咐、命令、禁止等。? (4)be about to do sth.表示“即刻,就要”, 后面不能接表示将来的时间状语。?

(5)用于条件、时间等状语从句中,例如由 if,unless,before,as soon as, when,once引导的状 语从句,用一般现在时代替一般将来时。? (6)少数用于表示动作起止的动词。如: go,come,leave,start,arrive,begin等有时也用一般 时态代替将来时态。表示一个按规定、计划或安排 要发生的动作(表示车、船、飞机等按时刻表要发 生的动作)。? The plane for Beijing takes off at 9∶30.? 去北京的飞机9∶30起飞。? (7)少数用于表示动作起止的动词, 如:go,come,begin,leave,arrive,return,take等有时 也用现在进行时代替将来时。?

3. 现在进行时 表示此时此刻或现阶段正在进行的动作,具有暂 时性、持续性、未完成性的特点。具体表示:?

(1)表示说话时刻正在发生或进行着的动作。?
(2)表示现在阶段正在进行的动作。? 4. 现在完成时?

现在完成时是过去的动作或状态对现在的影响或
对现在造成的结果,以及表示从过去开始的动作或 状态一直持续到现在。注意以下几点:?

(1)现在完成时除可以和for,since引起的状语

连用外,还可以和下面的介词短语连用:
during/in/over the last(past)few years(months,weeks),in recent years。? (2)现在完成时还可以用于下列句子结构:? ①It is/has been+一段时间+since从句?

②That/This/It is the only...?
③That/This/It is the best/finest/most interesting...?

(3)非延续性动词
marry,close,die,arrive,post,come,fall,leave,go,br eak,lose,give,join,jump,receive,buy,borrow,beco me,start,begin,graduate如果用于现在完成时,不 能与表示一段时间的时间状语for...,since...连用。 5. 一般过去时 是与现在没有联系的时态,只强调过去的事实,不

强调与现在的关系。??

6. 过去完成时 (1)第一种类型是:过去完成时+before/by the time/when...+一般过去时。? 第二种类型是:Hardly/No sooner/Scarcely had+ 主语+过去分词+when/than/when+一般过去时。 ?第三种类型是:I had thought/expected/meant/wanted...表示过去未实现 的希望或计划。? 第四种类型是:动作发生顺序是过去的过去。? (2)表示过去未实现的希望或计划,用I had hoped/expected/supposed/meant/thought/wanted/ to do sth.句型,表示我本希望/想/可能/打算/认为/ 想做某事。?

7. 过去将来时(相对于过去某个时间发生在将来 的动作)

过去将来时是相对一般将来时的时态,用法与其
相同,但要注意时态变化。? 注意 was/were going to do sth.表过去将来, 或表示过去未曾实现的愿望或想法。? 8. 现在完成时和现在完成进行时的区别 现在完成时表示动作截止到现在已完成,着重 结果;现在完成进行时表示从过去某时开始一直持 续到现在的动作,也可表示在说话时刻之前刚刚结

束的动作,强调动作的持续性。?

I have written three letters.? 我已写完三封信。(已写完)?

I have been writing three letters.?
我一直在写三封信。(可能还在写)? 注意 (1)有些动词,如ork,study,live,teach

等用现在完成进行时与用现在完成时意思差不多。
(2)下列动词不能用于进行时态。? 短暂动作类:finish,marry,get up,come,go等。 ? 感官类: see,hear,smell,taste,feel,notice,look,

seem,appe ar等。?

感觉类:hate,love,fear,like,want,wish,
prefer, refuse,forgive等。?

存在类:be,exist,remain,stay,obtain等。?
占有、从属类:have,possess,own,contain, belong,consist of 等。? 认知类:understand,know,believe,think, doubt, forget,remember等。?

被动语态?
1. 英语中被动语态常用于下列几种场合: 不知道动作的执行者;不必提到动作的执行者; 强调或侧重动作的承受者;动作的执行者很模糊;有 些动词习惯上常用被动语态。

It’s suggested that we put the meeting off.
? 有人建议我们延期举行会议。? 2. “It+be+过去分词+从句”结构的被动结构

It is known that...众所周知?
It is suggested that...有人建议?

It is believed that...有人相信?

It is hoped that...大家希望?
It is thought that...大家认为? 3. 被动语态与系表结构的区别 被动语态中的过去分词是动词,表示动作;系表 结构中的过去分词相当于形容词,表示状态。 These things are sold quickly.(被动语态)? 这些东西卖得很快。? These things are all sold out.(系表结构)?

这些东西已经卖完了。??

常使用系表结构的词有:be seated坐着,be

hidden躲藏,be lost迷路,be drunk喝醉,be
dressed穿着,be devoted to致力于;献身,be determined决定,be compared比较。? 4. 不使用被动语态的几种情况? (1)当feel,look,smell,taste,sound等系动词 后面接形容词时。? (2)当break out,take place,go off,run out,give out,give in,work out,come out,come

into being,run out,give in,happen,take
place,break out等动词表示“发生;制定”等意思 时。?

The plan worked out successfully.? 这项计划很成功。 (3)want,require,need,worth,deserve后面的 动名词用主动形式表示被动意义。? These flowers want/require/need watering. 这些花需要浇水。 (4)有时尽管不定式与其逻辑主语是被动关系, 但不定式仍用主动语态。不定式作状语,如果句子 中存在light,heavy,difficult,easy,comfortable等词 时就应该用不定式的主动形式表示被动含义。 (5)当cut,read,sell,wear,write,wash,cook, lock,shut,dry,drink,wash等表示某种性质且动词带 状语修饰语时。?

无时间状语的易错点

If you had joined the chat room ten minutes
ago,you would have known what we A.Talked C.were talking B.have talked? D.would talk about.

由于高考考查动词的时态时往往不给出具体的 时间状语,因此在解答动词的时态题时,考生要善 于从上下文或者具体的语境中确定动作发生的时 间,从而确定使用什么时态。

【解题探究】 C。句意为:如果你十分钟以前进入 聊天室的话,你就会知道我们当时正在谈论什么内

容。表示过去正在进行的动作要用过去进行时。故
正确答案为C。 易混时态的常错点 The old man who in the deserted house

alone for ten years has been settled in a nursing

home now.?
A.Lived C.has been living B.has lived? D.had lived

对一些容易混淆的时态的考查也是高考考查动

词时态的一大热点。解答该类题目时,考生首先要
掌握各种时态的具体用法,其次在做题时一定要根 据所给出的语境判断动作发生的时间:是过去的过

去,是过去,是现在,还是将来,然后根据时态的
用法来确定正确答案。

【解题探究】 A。由“has been settled in a nursing home now”可知,现在那位老人已经不住

在那座房子里了,也就是说那位老人在那座房子里
住了十年的动作并没有持续到现在,与现在没有关 系,故不能用完成时。这里只表示过去曾经发生过

某事,应该用一般过去时,故正确答案为A。
难辨句式易错点 1. —How could I apply for a course online?? — Just fill in this form and we what we can do for you.

A.See

B.are seeing

C.have seen

D.will see

题干为小对话时,一定要读懂语境,要善于 从语境中确定动作发生的时间。有时看是否是固 定句型也会很有用,因为在一些固定句型中时态 也是相对固定的,如在“祈使句+and+陈述句”这 个句型中陈述句往往用一般将来时。

【解题探究】 D。答语意为:先把这个表格填好,
我们将看看能为你做些什么。故要用一般将来时。 2. Suddenly everyone stopped talking.It became clear that something unexpected .

But,for a while,I didn’t know what it was.? A.has happened B.is happening?

C.happened
D.had happened

主从句中的时态一致也是高考考查时态的热点 之一。在叙述过去的事情时,主句和从句都要用与 过去相应的时态。主句为一般现在时的时候宾语从 句或其他的从句可以根据需要用相应的时态。

【解题探究】

D。由语境可知这里是在叙述过去发

生的事情。这里强调的是在“everyone stopped
talking”这一过去动作之前发生的动作,即表示“过 去的过去发生的动作”,故用过去完成时。

难辨时态语态易错点? 1. (2009· 湖南,27)Would you please keep silent?The weather report and I want to listen. ? A.is broadcast B.is being broadcast C.has been broadcast D.had been broadcast
在考查动词的时态和语态时,高考试题往往把

时态和语态放在一起考查。要解答好这种类型的题
目,首先要判断用主动语态还是用被动语态,判断 用哪种语态主要是判断主语与谓语动词之间的关系; 其次再判断动作发生的时间。

【解题探究】 B。句意为:请你保持安静好吗?正

在广播天气预报,我想听听。broadcast与主语the
weather report构成逻辑上的动宾关系,且该动作正 在进行,所以要用现在进行时的被动语态形式。? 2.Water A.boils C.will boil at 100℃.In such hot weather,it B.is boiled D.is boiling

won’t take much time to boil water.?

主动形式表示被动意义也是高考考查动词的时 态和语态的热点之一。当谓语动词被用来说明主语 的性质或特征时,往往用主动表示被动,因为此时 的谓语动词并不强调是一个被动的动作。

【解题探究】 A。“水在100℃会沸腾”这是一种客观 事实,也是水的一种性质,故选A。又如:The knife cuts sharply.这把刀很锋利。

1.(2009· 合肥市三次质检)Although many
measures B ,the world’s economy is still going down.?

A.were taken
C.will be taken ? 解析

B.have been taken?
D.are taken

考查动词的时态与语态。表示过去发生的

动作对现在造成影响,所以用现在完成时;take 与measures之间构成动宾关系,所以要用被动语

态。

2.(2009· 安徽皖南八校三次联考)This

Monday morning I was informed I
college.?

C

as

one of the three exchange students from our

A.had been choosing
?C.had been chosen

B.was chosen
D.was choosing

? 解析 choose的动作发生在过去的过去,应用过 去完成时。此处又表示被动,故用过去完成时的 被动语态。

3.(2009· 安徽名校联考(二))The pianist

planned to give a concert on March 8 but the
date B because of his illness.? A.was postponing? B.was postponed? C.had been postponed?

D.was being postponed
? 解析 考查时态和语态。日期被推迟,所以用被 动;这里表示的是对过去动作的一般性陈述,应用

一般过去时。

4.(2009· 杭州二次质检)Years ago we didn’t
know this,but recent science B that women who drink more than two cups of coffee every day are more likely to have heart disease than those who don’t.?

A.showed
C.will show ? 解析 出了该结论。

B.has shown?
D.is showing

考查时态。这里用现在完成时表示已经得

5.(2009· 杭州二次质检)— If I hadn’t been caught in the heavy rain,I could have been

back by 7 o’clock. ?
—What a pity!Stella ?A.is C.would be ?解析 B here to see you. B.was D.has been 考查时态。第一句是与过去事实相反的虚

拟语气,因此第二句应该用一般过去时。

6.(2009· 温州二次质检)— You’d better keep quiet in class. ? —Sometimes I

B

.Yesterday,I was as

quiet as a mouse during my English class.

A.would
C.did

B.do
D.was?

解析 考查动词的时态。根据语境来看应该是描 述了主语的习惯性的行为,所以要用现在时。

7.(2009· 金丽衢十二校二次联考)When you finish your work,don’t forget to put the tools back where they A.are C.were ?解析

C

.? B.will be D.had been

考查时态。这里指的是拿之前的位置,故

要用过去式。

8.(2009· 金丽衢十二校二次联考)— Hurry up!Alice and Sue are waiting for you at the school gate. ? —Oh!I thought they

D

without me.?

A.went
C.have gone

B.are going
D.had gone

?解析 考查时态。答语意为:我原以为她们不等我

就走了呢。“想”和“走”两个动作有时间上的
先后 关系,故用过去完成时。

9.(2009· 济南市二次统考)Hey,Lee.I

D

you never took interest in computer games. What a surprise!?

A.don’t think
C.think ? 解析

B.didn’t think?
D.thought

考查时态。句意为:太令人惊讶了,我原

以为你绝不会对电脑游戏感兴趣的。说话人现在 发现Lee对电脑游戏感兴趣,以前没想到。

10.(2009· 济南市二次统考)— Excuse me,I wonder if you can help.I A my ID card. —But where did you lose it??

A.have lost
C.had lost ? 解析

B.lost
D.lose

考查时态。一般过去时和现在完成时均

可表示事情已经发生,但一般过去时强调动作本 身,而现在完成时强调该动作的结果和影响。第 一个人说自己的ID card丢了想寻求帮助,所以 应用现在完成时。

11.(2009· 潍坊市二次质检) And the horses

up to the finish line.They’re neck and
neck...neck and neck all the way.Oh,the Italian horse Mamma Mia A.come;is winning B.have come;wins? C.are coming;won D.are coming;wins 答案 解析 D 考查时态。第一空是进行时表示将来意 the race!

为“马即将到达终点”;第二空是表示客观事实。

12.(2009· 潍坊市二次质检)The BBC news

is usually not difficult to
often too hard to B.pick up;understand? C.be picked;understand? D.be picked;be understood? 答案 解析 B? .? A.pick up;be understood?

,but it’s

在表语形容词difficult,hard后用不定

式的主动形式表示被动含义。

13.(2009· 潍坊市一次质检)If a computer crashes,you will lose the file you you don’t save it early enough.? A.are working C.will work ? 解析 B.work? D.worked A on if

考查时态。结合语境可知此处应该用现

在进行时。?

14.(2009· 青岛二次质检) I understand it’s

not your fault,but the airline

C

they

would deliver my baggage yesterday.? A.promises ? C.promised B.has promised D.had promised

? 解析 考查动词的时态。从后面的时间状语 yesterday可知,描述的是过去发生的事情,应 用一般过去时态。

15. (2009· 青岛市一次质检)Because of the Russian gas limit to Europe,attempts A.have made ? C.are being made C to use botanical fuel as a source of power.? B.having made D.will be making

? 解析 考查时态。句意为:由于俄罗斯限制向欧
洲出口天然气,他们正在努力用植物燃料来作为 一种新的能源。此处的make和attempts之间是动 宾关系,故用被动语态。

16.(2008· 青岛市一次质检)— Mom,you should have taken me to the park this morning. ?

— I had planned to,but I couldn’t afford the
time.I C a lecture. ? B.gave? D.would give A.had given C.was giving

? 解析 考查动词时态。表示过去某一时间正在进 行的动作,用过去进行时。故选项C正确。

17.(2008· 烟台二次模拟)— Where can we get your new science fiction? —I’m sorry,it week.? A.has been printed B.will be printed? D and will come out next

C.is printed

D.is being printed

? 解析 考查动词的时态。根据后面的will come out next week可知,应该选择D项,用现在进行 时的被动语态表示(小说)正在(被)印刷中。

18.(2008· 山东命题专家原创卷(一)—You should have come to the party last Saturday evening.It was really wonderful. ? —But a friend A an unexpected visit to me. ? A.paid C.would pay B.had paid? D.has paid

? 解析 考查时态。由对话可知,答话人没有去参加

宴会是因为“一个朋友事先没有通知我就来看我
了”,表示过去发生的一个事实,用一般过去时, 答案为A。

19. (2008· 山东命题专家原创卷(二))— Hi,
Susan,where were you at lunch time?I B a seat for you in the coffee shop. ? —Oh,sorry to miss you.My political science class ran longer than usual.

A.am saving
C.had saved

B.was saving?
D.have saved

? 解析 考查时态。根据语境判断,吃饭是过去发

生的事情,强调在吃饭的过程中“一直为对方留
着位子”,应该用过去进行时。

20.(2008· 山东命题专家原创卷(四))— Do you know our city of Xi’an at all? ? — No,not at all.You see,this is the first time I D here. B.am coming? D.have been

A.came C.was

? 解析 考查时态。It/This is the first/last
time(that)sb.have/has done sth.为固定句型。

?
Ⅰ.单项填空? 1. (2009· 山东命题专家原创卷(五))—She speaks German well because she stayed in Germany.

—Really?How long
A.does she stay C.has she stayed

D

there??

B.is she staying? D.did she stay

? 解析 考查时态。结合上一句中stayed可知说话人
问的是过去一段时间所处的状态,因此用一般过 去时。选D。

2.(2009· 山东命题专家原创卷(七))For some time now,Chinese people,under the leadership of CPC, B the contents of the Scientific Development Theory in the course of practicing socialism in China.? A.had been improving B.have been improving C.were improving D.improved ?解析 考查时态。句意为:一段时间以来,中国 人民在中国共产党的领导下,在实践中国社会主 义的进程中,一直在丰富和发展“科学发展观”的 思想。由句中的时间状语“For some time now”可 知,这里要用现在完成进行时。现在完成进行时 表示动作从过去某一时间一直持续到现在,还有 可能继续持续下去。

3.(2009· 山东命题专家原创卷(七))No one is sure who the dictionary A.belonging to B .?

B.belongs to?

C.is belonged to

D.is belonging to

?解析 考查语态。从句缺谓语,belong to不可用

于进行时和被动语态,故选B。句意为:没有人能
确定那本词典是谁的。?

4.(2009· 山东命题专家原创卷(八))It A quite

correct that happiness comes from thinking
about things in a positive way.? A.has turned out ? C.in turning out B.has been turned out D.is turned out

? 解析 考查时态和语态。turn out“结果是”在这 里作连系动词用,不用进行时态,也不能用被动 语态。故A项正确。

5.(2009· 山东命题专家原创卷(九))Ever since the financial crisis from their jobs.? A.broke out;are laid off? ,many workers

B.broke out;have been laid off?
C.has broken out;were laid off? D.broke out;had been laid off ? 答案 B 解析 考查时态。ever since引导时间状语从句,

从句用过去时。主句表示从过去持续到现在的情
况,因此用现在完成时。

6.(2009· 山东命题专家原创卷(十))— When

did you move to Beijing? ?
— Last year.But I for 8 years. ? A.has taught B.has been taught? C.have been teaching D.taught D in a school in Japan

?解析

考查时态在具体语境中的运用。从答语来

看,说话者去年搬到了北京,表明他在日本教书的 动作在过去已经结束了,但并没有对现在造成影

响,只能用一般过去时。

7.(2009· 东北名校联考(一))I haven’t seen Mary these past few days.I’m afraid she B

herself for some time. ?
A.isn’t feeling ? 解析 B.hasn’t been feeling ? C.hadn’t been feeling D.wasn’t feeling 考查时态的用法。从题干中的for some time可知,选项部分的时态应为完成时;从后面 的一句话可推知Mary到现在状态还是不佳,故用 现在完成进行时表示从过去到现在一直持续的动 作。feel oneself意为“觉得身体正常”。

8.(2009· 天津市六校联考)— The news upsets

many people that the CPI climbed to 6.9
percent in November. ? — Yes.It is the fourth time that the CPI D

above 6 percent.
A.was C.is B.had been D.has been

? 解析

考查动词时态。句型:It be(the first,

second...)+time+that+从句。当主句为一般现在 时的时候,that引导的定语从句用现在完成时, 表示到目前做某事已有几次了。主句为一般过去 时的时候,that从句用过去完成时。

9.(2009· 徐州市一模)—Is Tom still not back??
— No.By next year he three years. ? A.will leave ? C.leaves B.will have been away D.has been away B from home for

? 解析 考查时态。句中含有“by+表示将来的时间” 结构的时候,句子用将来完成时或将来时。因为 句中有“for three years”的限定,用将来完成

时,故选B。

10.(2009· 大连市二模)— Which hotel are you in? ? —I in a hotel.A friend I met on the train from the south to put me up for a couple of nights. ? A.haven’t stayed;has offered? B.am not staying;offered? C.am not staying;is offering? D.didn’t stay;offers ? 答案 B 解析 考查时态。根据语境判断,第一个空对照前 面的问句应该用现在进行时,说明当前的情况; 而第二个空中,从I met判断,应该用一般过去 时,运用了时态一致的原则。

11.(2009· 东北三校联合模拟) She succeeded.She was pleased that her hundreds of hours of

studying

B

.?
B.had paid off? D.had called off

A.has set off C.has paid off

? 解析 此题考查时态及词义辨析。set off 出 发;pay off得到回报;call off取消。句意为: 她成功了,很高兴自己长时间的学习收到了成效。

12.(2009· 广州六校联考) — I missed Jackie’s

party last night because my Audi broke down.
—Pity!You could have borrowed mine.I C it.? A.didn’t use C.wasn’t using B.hadn’t used? D.won’t use

? 解析 由前句中的last night可知此处表过去的 情况,并根据意思可知所填部分表示: 我当时没 有用它,因此此处用过去进行时,选C。

13.(2009· 济南高三统考) — Where have you been all day?? — We C some lovely children and couldn’t get away from them until it was dark. ?

A.meet
C.met

B.have been met?
D.have been meeting

? 解析 分析语境可知,说话者现在已经回来,他

们在天黑之前一直和那些可爱的孩子们在一起,
因此用过去时。故答案选C。

14.(2009· 武安七中月考) When she came out,Mary

looked a bit tired because she D the house.
? A.cleaned C.had cleaned ? 解析 B.was cleaning? D.had been cleaning

句意为:当她出来时,玛丽看上去很累,

因为她一直在打扫房子。由此可知所填词强调打 扫房子动作的持续性,应用完成进行时,由前文 的came out可知应用过去完成进行时。

15.(2009· 宁夏模拟)— Can you give me the
right answer?? —Sorry,I D .Would you repeat that B.haven’t followed? D.wasn’t listening question?? A.hadn’t heard C.don’t catch ? 解析

句意为:——你能给我正确答案吗?——

非常抱歉,我刚才没有听讲,请你重复一下问题

好吗?用过去进行时表示过去正在做某事。

16.(2009· 黄冈、襄樊联考) I wonder if John has

forgotten my number,I
for the past two hours.?

C

him to call me

A.was expecting
? C.have been expecting

B.have expected
D.expected

? 解析 从前面的I wonder和后面的for the past
two hours可知这里用现在完成进行时。

17.(2009· 江苏四市模拟)—You didn’t lock the back door.? —You are wrong.I C .?

A.have locked it
C.did lock it

B.lock it myself?
D.do lock it

? 解析 由前句中的“didn’t”可知用一般过去时 态;强调谓语动词时,是在谓语动词前面加 do,does或did,因此C项正确。

18.(2009· 重庆一中月考) The teacher told us that the earth A.turns C.would turn

A

around the sun.? B.turned? D.turning

? 解析 从句描述的是自然现象,应用一般现在 时,不受主句时态的影响。

19.(2009· 北京东城模拟)—

D

the baseball

match might be put off. ? —Yes,well,it all depends on the weather.? A.I had been told C.I’m to be told ? B.I’ve told? D.I’ve been told

解析 前句句意为:我已经被告知棒球赛可能

会推迟。根据对话语境需用完成时的被动语态。

20.(2009· 重庆一中月考) The boy was caught
cheating in the exam and C by his

headteacher at the moment.?
A.was questioned B.has questioned

? C.is being questioned D.has been questioning
? 解析 根据句中时间状语at the moment可知此处

表示现在正被班主任询问应该使用现在进行时的被
动语态。

21.(2008· 昆明模拟) — How did you like his

speech??
—Oh,it was very good.What he said A poetry.? A.sounded C.was sounded B.sound? D.is sounded like

解析 句意为:——你觉得他的讲话怎么样?—— 哦,很棒,他讲的话听起来像诗歌。did,was, said用了过去时,决定了sound要用过去时,又因

sound在此为表示状态特征的连系动词,用主动形
式表被动含义,故选A。

22.(2008· 云南统一检测)Who do you think D for the accident?? A.to blame C.is to be blamed B.to be blamed? D.is to blame

? 解析 be to blame表示“应该被责备”,为主动 形 式表被动意义。句中do you think是插入语。

23.(2008· 大连模拟)Astronomers

B

more

bad news for the former planet Pluto recently.? A.had announced B.have announced? C.were announced D.are announced

? 解析 recently/lately最近,近来,通常跟现在
完成时态连用。

24.(2008· 皖南八校模拟) Your forehead

hot.

I guess you
A.feels;have got

a fever.?
B.is feeling;have

? C.is felt;are having
?答案 A

D.has felt;have got

解析 句意为:你的额头摸上去很烫。我想你是 发烧了。feel是系动词,没有进行时,也不用被 动语态,排除B、C。根据句意,你的额头现在摸 上去很烫,故排除D,选A。

25.(2008· 湖南十二校联考) — What did you do last Sunday,Peter? ?

— Well,I

A

to see a friend of mine,but in
B.has gone? D.had gone

the end I stayed at home doing nothing. A.was going C.went

? 解析 句意为:——上周日你干什么了,彼 得?——我本想去看一个朋友的,但最后我呆在 家里什么都没干。根据句意,过去本计划要做某 事,所以用was going to结构。

Ⅱ.阅读表达? (2009· 潍坊二次模拟)

? Time magazine Wednesday named US
president elect Barack Obama its 2008 “Person of the Year”.?

“For having the confidence to sketch an
ambitious future in a gloomy hour,and for showing the competence that makes Americans hopeful he might pull it off,the president-elect Barack Obama is Time’s Person of the Year,”the

newsweekly said.?

It said US Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson was the first runner-up followed by French President Nicolas Sarkozy,Republican vice-presidential candidate Sarah Palin and

China’s Zhang Yimou,who directed the opening
and closing ceremonies of the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing.? ? Time said its “Person of the Year” selection was “the person or persons who most affected

the news and our lives,for good or ill,and
embodied what was important about the year”.

The magazine last year selected Russian leader Vladimir Putin as its 2007 “Person of the Year”. In an interview with Time , Obama said that while he may have won “a decisive victory”

over Republican John McCain in the November
presidential election,“I don’t think that Americans want hubris from their next president.”

“I do think we received a strong mandate for change,”he added in the interview.?

Asked about the state of the economy,Obama
said,“I think we should anticipate that 2009 is going to be .”?

“And if we make some good choices,I’m
confident that we can limit some of the damage in 2009 and that in 2010 we can start seeing an upward trajectory (轨道) on the economy.But this is a difficult hole that we’ve dug ourselves

into.”?

On his foreign policy priorities,Obama said:

“There’s no doubt that managing the transition
in Iraq is going to be a top priority.Managing a more effective strategy in Afghanistan will be a

top priority.”?
Obama,who is to be sworn in on January 20 as the 44th president of the United States,said long-term priorities included nuclear proliferation and climate change.?

“I think dealing with development and poverty around the world is going to be a critical component of our foreign policy,”he

added.“It’s good for our security and not just
charity.” 1. What’s the best title of the passage?(Please

answer within 15 words.)? Time magazine elected Barack Obama its
2008 “Person of the Year”.

2. List three persons who are elected by Time
magazine according to the passage.(Please answer within 10 words.)? (1) ? (2) ?

(3) ?
答案 从文章第一段和第三段的内容可知被《时 代》杂志评为2008年年度人物的有Barack

Obama,Henry Paulson,Nicolas Sarkozy,Saran
Palin and Zhang Yimou。从其中任选三个即可。

3.Fill in the blank in Paragraph 8 with proper
words.(Please answer within 5 words.)? a tough year

4. Which sentence in the text is the closest in
meaning to the following one?? But this is a very hard task in which we are involved.? But this is a difficult hole that we’ve dug ourselves into.

5.Translate the underlined sentence in the last paragraph into Chinese.? 答案 “我认为,解决全球的发展和贫困问题将成

为美国外交政策中的一个十分重要的部分。”他补充 说道,“这不仅有利于慈善事业,而且关乎我们的安

全。” ?

Ⅲ.写作?
(2009 ·青岛模拟) 目前,就业形势越来越严峻。就业压力不仅是大 学生无法回避的现实,也是高中生需要考虑的问题。 请你根据下表提供的内容提要,以“How to face the

pressure of finding jobs”为题,写一篇演讲稿,以
便在你校即将举行的演讲比赛中使用。? 1.大学扩大招生造成大学毕业生 逐年增多? 造成就业压力的 2.全球性的经济危机造成一些行 原因 业裁员? 3.部分大学毕业生对工资、工种 要求太高

1. 建议减少大学的招生数量, 扩大职业院校的招生数量 2. 作为高中生应努力学习, 你对如何解决就业 提高自身素质,获得就业机 压力的看法和建议 会? 3.自由发挥(至少30个英语 单词) 注意? 1.对所给要点逐一陈述并适当发挥,但不要简单

翻译。?
2.词数150左右。开头和结尾已写好,不计入总 词数。

3.演讲稿中不得提及考生所在学校及本人姓名。 ? 4.参考词汇:招生enroll students;经济危机 economic crisis;职业院校vocational colleges and schools? Good afternoon,everyone!The topic of my

speech today is “How to face the pressure of
finding jobs”.As we all know,the employment situation is getting more serious now.There are

different reasons for this situation.

Thank you for listening.?

【参考范文】

Good afternoon,everyone!The topic of my
speech today is “How to face the pressure of finding jobs”.As we all know,the employment situation is getting more serious now.There are different reasons for this situation. Firstly,universities have been enrolling too many students,which results in an ever increasing number of graduates.Secondly,the

present global economic crisis has caused
some industries and businesses to cut down

the number of their employees/workers. Thirdly,some graduates set too high a demand

for salary and for the kind of job,which means
they will have fewer job chances.? In my opinion,in order to deal with the pressure,universities should gradually reduce the enrollment,while vocational colleges and

schools should take more students.As high
school students,we should attach great importance to our study so as to be better

qualified for good and satisfactory jobs in the future.What’s more,we should learn how to put our knowledge we learn at school into practice at work.Only in this way can we meet the needs of the changing society and find jobs we can do well.? Thank you for listening.

返回


推荐相关:

2011届高考英语二轮专题复习学案:专题1动词的时态和语态

2011届高考英语第一轮基础... 100页 免费 2011届...专题1动词的时态和语态——高考例题解析,归纳完整有...6 (2010·黑龙江省哈三中等四校二模) I had ...


2014届高考英语一轮复习配套训练:第一部分 英语知识运用 第一节专题六 动词的时态和语态 Word版含解析

2014届高考英语一轮复习配套训练:第一部分 英语知识运用 第一专题六 动词的时态和语态 Word版含解析_英语_高中教育_教育专区。专题六 动词的时态和语态 1. (...


浙江省6年高考英语基础知识汇集-动词的时态和语态

搜 试试 帮助 全部 DOC PPT TXT PDF XLS ...2011高考英语一轮基础专题... 100页 5财富值 高考...浙江省 6 年来有关动词时态和语态考题 46. (2006...


【创新方案湖北】2015届高三英语一轮复习语法全线突破(知识讲解典题在线创新预测)第六讲动词的时态和语态

【创新方案湖北】2015届高三英语一轮复习语法全线突破(知识讲解典题在线创新预测)第六动词的时态和语态_英语_高中教育_教育专区。第六动词的时态和语态 考点...


高考英语语法基础考前快速复习6-动词的时态和语态

2011届高考英语第一轮基础... 100页 免费 2011年高考英语语法专题复... 27页...高考英语语法基础考前快速复习6-动词的时态和语态 高考前的一点心意,希望能给那...


2011届高考英语第一轮语法专题复习6

2011届高考英语第一轮语法专题复习6_从业资格考试_...(主语) 【注意】不定式也有一定的时态和语态;有否定...动词的过去分词 (1)作定语 及物动词的过去分词,既...


高考英语第一轮复习---时态和语态

2011届高考英语第一轮基础... 100页 免费 1-高考英语时态和语态复习 58页 2...高考英语短文改错专题课件 19页 1财富值 高考英语动词时态语态复习... 14页 免...


2011年高考英语一轮复习系列(教师版):专题02 动词的时态及语态(教学卷)

届高考英语(通用版) 备战 2011 届高考英语(通用版)一轮复习 专题 02 动词的时态及语态【考纲解读】 考纲解读】 动词的时态和语态历来是高考题中考查的重头戏之一...


2011届高考英语第一轮语法专题复习5

2011届高考英语第一轮语法专题复习5_从业资格考试_资格考试/认证_教育专区。高考语法专题:动词的时态和语态 1.一般现在时(do, does, am, is, are) (1)表示...


2010年高考英语热点专题复习——动词的时态和语态

6页 免费 高考英语语法复习专题-动词... 17页 免费 2011高考英语语法专题复...专题复习——动词的时态和语态内容解读 1.高考考查的八种动词时态是:①一般...

网站首页 | 网站地图
All rights reserved Powered by 简单学习网 www.tceic.com
copyright ©right 2010-2021。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit325@126.com