武昌区 2015 届高三年级五月调研考试 英 语 试 卷
本试卷共 150 分，考试用时 120 分钟。 ★祝考试顺利★
本试卷第一至第三部分为选择题，共 100 分；第四部分为非选择题，共 50 分，全卷 共 12 页。 注意事项： 1．答题前，考生务必将自己的学校、班级、姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡指定位置，
认真核对与准考证号条形码上的信息是否一致，并将准考证号条形码粘贴在答题卡上的指 定位置。 2．选择题的作答：选出答案后，用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑，如 需改动，用橡皮擦干净后，再选涂其他答案标号。答在试题卷上无效。 3．非选择题的作答：用黑色墨水的签字笔直接答在答题卡上的每题所对应的答题区 域内。答在试题卷上或答题卡指定区域外无效。 4．考试结束，监考人员将答题卡收回，考生自己保管好试题卷，评讲时带来。 第一部分：听力（共两节，满分 30 分） 做题时，先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答 案转涂到答题卡上。 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出 最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关 小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What should the man take? A. A winter coat. B. A light jacket. C. A winter jacket. 2. How much should the man pay? A. $2. B. $3.50. 3. What can we learn from the conversation? A. Mary will come to the party.
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B. Mary refused Tom’s invitation. C. Tom didn’t want to invite Mary. 4. Why is the man carrying an extra suitcase? A. He has too much luggage. B. He is helping someone else. C. He got permission to carry it. 5. What does the woman ask the man to do? A. Tell the waiter the truth. B. Complain to the waiter. C. Give the waiter a tip. 第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三 个选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读 各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读 两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. What are the speakers mainly talking about? A. Why the woman got a stomachache. B. What the woman had for dinner. C. Which food went bad. 7. What does the man think causes the problem? A. The cake. B. The pizza. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 9 题。 8. Where has the man been sleeping? A. In the living room. B. In the bedroom. C. In the study. 9. How does the woman feel about the man? A. Upset. B. Angry.
C. The sandwich.
听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. What does the woman like? A. Fishing. B. Scuba diving. C. Seeing movies. 11. How does the woman probably want to get to the aquarium? A. By bus. B. On foot. C. By subway. 12. What does the woman mean in the end? A. She doesn’t know the way to the aquarium. B. She wants the man to go to the aquarium with her. 高三年级英语试卷 第 2 页 共 12 页
C. She will give up the idea of going to the aquarium. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. What is the relationship between the speakers? A. Teacher and student. B. Father and daughter. C. Tour guide and tourist. 14. When did Henry VIII kill Elizabeth’s mother? A. In 1533. B. In 1536. C. In 1558. 15. What was Elizabeth good at? A. Plays. B. Music. C. Languages. 16. Who introduced potatoes to Europe? A. Elizabeth I. B. Walter Raleigh. C. Sir Francis Drake. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. Why did Eric yell at his girlfriend? A. She bought something very expensive. B. She spent all his money. C. She didn’t like his gift. 18. What did Eric buy last Tuesday? A. A skirt. B. A sweater. C. Some shoes. 19. When did Eric oversleep? A. Last Friday. B. Last Thursday. C. Last Wednesday. 20. What did Eric dream about before he met Sarah? A. A crow on his car. B. A snake winding on his car. C. A snake winding itself around his leg. 第二部分：词汇知识运用(共两节，满分 30 分) 第一节：多项选择（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项 涂黑。 21. Square dancing created by Chinese senior women has become a unique_________, which has aroused heated discussions about an aging society. A. privilege B. phenomenon C. sequence D. identity 22. People make the_________ that women are not as advanced as men when it comes to technology. However, it is not the truth. A. assumption B. preparation C. suggestion D. correction 高三年级英语试卷 第 3 页 共 12 页
23. Everyone must meet with a certain dilemma in life; learning to tolerate and compromise may avoid_________ more inconvenience and trouble. A. containing B. accelerating C. inviting D. guaranteeing 24. With each success, your confidence shoots up, and you_________ your limitless potential, thus you gain more energy to take your next step. A. obtain B. adopt C. realize D. maintain 25. She stole a large amount of money and it will take her fifteen years in prison to _________ such horrible crime. A. answer for B. prepare for C. stand for D. apply for 26. While reading, you may_________ your favorite essays in the newspaper and add them to your collections of fine articles. A. cut up B. cut down C. cut through D. cut out 27. All the answers are supposed to be based on accurate calculation. So any adequate answer cannot come out in a(n) _________ way. A. substantial B. arbitrary C. dramatic D. subtle 28. Being_________ reveals a person’s character, which lets us know what the person is like— responsible or mature, whether in school, to an interview or even to the office. A. particular B. patient C. perfect D. punctual 29. The fact that one thing which_________ seems like the right idea but often later turns out to be a frightening dream usually makes people confused. A. initially B. accidentally C. gradually D. eventually 30. The output of farm products declines mainly from drops _________ which were in turn responses to the price increases. A. at length B. in demand C. for sure D. on average 第二节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后所给各题的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 I was faced with a decision. While delivering laundry into the appropriate bedrooms，I hit upon my thirteen-year-old sister’s 31 ， overspread with temptation. What was I to do? I had always been envious of my little sister. Her 32 smile，kind personality and many talents 33 my place as leading lady. I always competed with her in secret. 34 ，we seldom spoke. I sought 35 to criticize her and enjoyed the pleasure of surpassing her achievements. Her diary lay at my feet, and I didn’t think of the result of opening it. I 36 fingered the book from the floor and opened it，going through the pages，searching for my 37 , convinced that I would discover scheming and slander(诽谤). 38 I read， the blood ran from my face. It was worse than I 39 . I felt faint and sank to the floor. There was neither scheming nor slander. There was a(n) 40 description of herself， her goals and her 41 followed by a short image of the person who has inspired her most. I started to cry. 高三年级英语试卷 第 4 页 共 12 页
I was her 42 . She admired me for my personality, my achievements and ironically，my honesty. She wanted to be like me. She had been watching me for years， 43 amazed at my choices and actions. I 44 reading， struck with the crime I had 45 . I had expended so much energy into pushing her away that I had missed out on her. Reading the 46 words my sister had written seemed to melt an icy barrier around my heart and I longed to know her again. I was finally able to 47 the petty insecurity that kept me 48 her. On that profound afternoon，as I put aside the laundry and rose to my 49 ， I decided to go to her—this time to 50 instead of to judge， to embrace instead of to fight. After all，she was my sister. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. A. letter A. forcing A. threatened A. As a whole A. opportunities A. bravely A. opinion A. Because A. suspected A. main A. plans A. enemy A. curiously A. kept A. committed A. proper A. break off A. of A. hands A. sponsor B. diary B. shaking B. took B. As a result B. solutions B. deliberately B. address B. After B. confirmed B. unique B. spirits B. friend B. fiercely B. ceased B. recognized B. sincere B. block out B. from B. arms B. sacrifice C. e-mail C. charming C. caught C. In return C. possibilities C. tentatively C. number C. Since C. ensured C. enormous C. dreams C. hero C. quietly C. slipped C. acknowledged C. polite C. set up C. to C. legs C. experience D. note D. disgusting D. dreamt D. In surprise D. reasons D. carelessly D. name D. As D. felt D. brief D. ideas D. soul D. coldly D. forgot D. undertook D. bitter D. put aside D. at D. feet D. compete
第三部分：阅读理解(共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文，从每篇短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A We have Kate Rubins here today. After 15 years in infectious-disease biology, she jumped at the chance to fulfill her childhood dream of becoming an astronaut. ______________________________________________________? As a kid, I really did, but various people pointed out that it was not the most realistic career choice. When I was 16, my dad took me to a DNA conference and I was fascinated by this way 高三年级英语试卷 第 5 页 共 12 页
of looking at biology and by the discussions of bits of nucleic acid (核酸)that could make us sick. How did you come to focus on research related to public health? As an undergraduate majoring in biology, I worked on infectious diseases at the nearby Salk Institute for Biological Studies. I decided to do graduate studies in virology(病毒学) at Stanford University in California because it had a hospital, which made working on clinical applications easier. I was looking at immune responses related to smallpox and Ebola, so I flew to Maryland every few weeks to work in a biosafety-level-4 lab, which handles the most dangerous microbes. Then I shipped the data back to Stanford. How did it feel to have to deal with your lab after NASA accepted you? Joining NASA was very exciting, but it was the hardest decision I have had to make in my life. I had been working towards one goal for more than 15 years. I had been very specific about what I wanted to do with my career, and this was completely different. I was concerned about my lab members— wonderful people whom I couldn't leave high and dry. I wanted to make sure that they were able to continue their research. In the six weeks that I was given to shut down my lab before heading to the Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas for training, I found good labs for everyone to join. Three years later, do you still feel that joining NASA was the right decision? Yes, I am really happy. I have learned a whole bunch of new skills, including how to speak Russian, conduct a spacewalk and fly a jet. The whole time at NASA has been a huge turning point for me. 51. What is most probably the first question? A. Did you attend a DNA conference? B. Did you really fulfill your childhood dream? C. Did you always want to become an astronaut? D. Did you dream of being a biologist as a child? 52. When her childhood dream was about to come true, Kate Rubins ______. A. hoped to return to his previous career B. turned to the research related to public health C. hesitated about whether her decision was right D. felt very sorry for leaving her colleagues in the lab 53. The underlined expression“high and dry”is the closest in meaning to ______. A. helpless B. silent C. unwilling D. dangerous 54. What type of writing is this text? A. An announcement. B. A face-to face interview. C. An official report. D. An astronaut display. B Kashmir is located in the Himalayan region. It is widely famous for its rich plants and animals. The place holds great importance for the tourists who want to visit religious places. 高三年级英语试卷 第 6 页 共 12 页
Kashmir is the home of deities and bounties(神和恩惠). Kashmir has historical monuments, picturesque spots, charming landscapes and green forests in abundance. Some rare species of wild animals are found in the high altitude of Kashmir. It is the land of gods and goddesses. Its winding rivers, huge calm lakes, mighty waterfalls, long lines of cypress trees are some of the delightful attractions for the tourists. Wild strawberries are grown all over the Kashmir. Varieties of flowers add to the beauty of Kashmir. It is one of the best natural spots of India. Its elegant scenery, superb sights, green fields combine to add to the brilliance of this God-gifted paradise on earth. Apart from the scenic beauty, the Shalimar and Nishaat Bagh, have great historical importance. They were built by Mughal King Jehangir. The Chashme Shahi is known for its medicinal values. The Tattapani or the Sulphur lake water is believed to cure different types of skin diseases. Gulmarg and Sonmarg are the tourists’ trails. Chandanwari, Verinag, Anantnag and Nagin Lake are worth seeing places. The scene of Dal Lake with houseboats and their reflections in still waters of the lake present an impressive sight. The cave of Amarnath where the temple of Lord Shiva is located is a marvellous place for the religious tourists. Situated at a height of 15,000 ft., it is crowded during the month of September to October. Besides, there are holy lands of historical and religious interest. Every year thousands of pilgrims(朝圣者) visit these places from all across the country. Kashmir is abundantly full of some of the best hill stations in India. They are Gulmarg, Sonmarg, Pahalgam and Khilanmarg. Apart from having great scenic attraction, these places are good health resorts. Khilanmarg is the best place where tree-line ends in Kashmir. All these and many more like its cultural colors, narrow gorges as well as hills and valleys make it a heavenly accommodation on earth. Indeed, the beauty of Kashmir is attracting. 55. Kashmir plays a vital significance especially for the people ______. A. who want to enjoy rare species of wild animals B. who want to do research on its special plants C. who want to hunt for scenic attractions D. who want to visit religious places 56. If you suffer from a skin disease, the water in ______ lake can cure it. A. the Tattapani B. the Gulmarg C. the Sonmarg D. the Anantnag 57. From the passage, we can infer that ______. A. on the top of Kashmir there are many caves B. many scenic attractions at Kashmir are artificial C. many people like to go to the temple of Loral Shiva in autumn D. a pilgrim to the temple must be strong enough and in good health 58. Where does this passage most probably come from? A. A news report. B. A travel magazine. C. An essay collection. D. A language textbook. 高三年级英语试卷 第 7 页 共 12 页
C Humans are naturally curious. They like to seek out the wildest adventures even if it means invading the habitats and lives of other species. Nowhere is this fact more obvious than Stingray City in the Cayman Islands. The popular tourist destination attracts over a million visitors each year, all eager to swim and pet the stingrays(黄貂鱼) that come to the shallow sandbars(沙洲). However, the results of a recent study conducted by a team of scientists led by Mahmood Shivji from the Guy Harvey Research Institute are raising some concerns about the effects of such ecotourism on the animals. That's because a two-year observation of about 164 stingrays that frequent the area, found some dramatic changes in the behavior and lifestyle of the animals. For one, in the wild stingrays are loners that swim for miles in the darkness of the night, searching for food. However, at Stingray City where the tourists often feed them, they have become so lazy that they have started to eat during the day and rest at night. They suddenly do not seem to mind hanging out with other stingrays and even form schools during feeding time. In addition, instead of having a specific mating season, they are now having babies all year and more alarmingly, displaying very violent behavior toward one another - biting more frequently than others in the wild. Mr. Shivji believes that these changes could be harmful to the health and well-being of these animals in the wild. Given that we do not know what the long-term impact of these lifestyle changes will be on the wild animals, he thinks that we need to do a lot more research before such areas should be opened to the public. While the team plans to continue monitoring the Grand Cayman stingrays, any kind of change to the way Stingray City is operated will be difficult. That's because it brings in substantial income for the local economy, especially if rumors are to be believed, the equal of as much as $500,000 annually, per stingray! 59. What make some scientists concerned about? A. The damage of Stingrays’ habitats. B. The effects of tourism on stingrays. C. The decreasing number of Stingrays. D. The frequent arrival of Stingrays at the shallow sandbars. 60. In the wild, stingrays usually ______. A. live a lazy life B. are friendly to each other C. swim alone looking for food D. eat during the day and rest at night 61. What happens to the stingrays fed by tourists? A. They’re getting healthier. B. They begin to have fewer babies. C. They have become closer to humans. D. They become more aggressive towards each other. 高三年级英语试卷 第 8 页 共 12 页
62. What can we infer from the last paragraph? A. The economy in Stingray City has been ruined. B. The rumors about Stingray City are unbelievable. C. The scientists find it difficult to observe stingrays. D. The economy of Stingray City depends heavily on stingrays. D Most dog owners know that it’s a lot easier to train dogs when they are younger, but they’re not really sure how to go about it and what they should look for when seeking out a trainer. Today, we’re going to talk about how and when you should go about getting your puppy professionally trained. There are many philosophies about how best to train dogs, and it’s true that not all dogs are the same—while some are food-motivated, for example, others prefer play or affection. But most respected organizations agree that positive motivators that reward dogs for good behaviors are more effective for training than negative motivators that punish them for bad behaviors. This is especially true for training puppies, because most haven’t really had time to have any unwanted behaviors become rooted. If you notice a puppy trainer engaging any training techniques that involve hitting, scaring, or yelling at dogs, look elsewhere. You want someone who ignores unwanted behaviors, praises appropriate behaviors, and engages in calm, authoritative corrections when necessary. Remember, a correction does not mean hitting a dog. It means redirecting or blocking them from an unwanted behavior. Most puppies will naturally move toward acts that earn them rewards. A trainer may have years of experience and a successful track record, but if you don’t approve of their methods or feel comfortable working with them, you should probably look for someone else. Even if a trainer is detailing all of the things that you are doing wrong with your pup, they should be able to treat you respectfully and explain things in a way that’s easy for you to understand. Additionally, good trainers will keep up with the latest in dog training methods and be able to tell you about what’s out there, adapt their methods to an individual dog’s needs, and have rules in place to protect dogs, such as requiring vaccinations(接种疫苗)—this last one is especially important for puppy classes! Ultimately, there’s only so much you can do when picking a trainer for your pup. If you choose someone and then later feel like you made a mistake, don’t hesitate to seek help elsewhere. And if you’re unsure where to find good puppy trainers, talk to your vet or other pet owners you know for recommendations. 63. Which of the following is the most important for a puppy trainer? A. Communicating with other pet owners. B. Requiring vaccinations to your puppy. C. punishing puppies for bad behaviors. D. Taking advice from philosophies. 高三年级英语试卷 第 9 页 共 12 页
64. If a dog makes a mistake, one appropriate method is ______. A. to turn your back on it B. to accompany it C. to redirect it D. to yell at it 65. From the passage, we can learn that ______. A. To train a dog, any methods should be learnt, whether old or latest ones B. A dog trainer who has a certificate in this field can train a dog well C. Like human, dogs need also reward and praise from trainers. D. Dogs are the only best friends to human beings 66. What is mainly discussed in this passage? A. How we choose a good dog trainer for your puppy. B. How we are supposed to train your puppy. C. Where we seek help for dog training. D. Where we find the best dog trainer. E Repeated exposure of children to secondhand smoke is child abuse, a leading doctor has warned. Adam Goldstein, a professor in family medicine, says exposure is as abusive as leaving children unattended in hot car, or drink driving. He claims he was forced to speak out after caring for too many children hospitalized with asthma and pneumonia, caused in large part to their repeated exposure to secondhand smoke. His controversial opinion piece has been published in the latest issue of the Annals of Family Medicine. In it, he argues that purposefully and repeatedly exposing children to a something known to cause cancer in humans would strike many people as child abuse. “But what if the substance is secondhand smoke?” he asks. Dr. Goldstein, who is director of the tobacco intervention programs in the University of North Carolina School of Medicine, says the damage from smoke is as abusive as many other commonly accepted physical and emotional traumas(创伤) of children. His comments come after years of caring for children who have suffered severe respiratory illness due to secondhand smoke exposure. In the opinion piece, he writes,“Scientific research over the last decade has increasingly demonstrated that exposure to secondhand smoke is not simply a nuisance; it is deadly. Secondhand smoke exposure causes multiple diseases in children, including asthma and pneumonia, and results in thousands of avoidable hospitalizations.” It is a major cause of sudden infant death syndrome and may cause lung cancer and heart attacks with repeated exposure. No safe level of exposure exists .Therefore, purposefully and recurrently exposing children to secondhand smoke, despite repeated warnings, is child abuse. Growing societal mood exists that secondhand smoke exposure of children should receive greater attention by providers and policy-makers. Options to intervene( 干 预 ) include counseling(忠告) of parents that smoke, lawmaking, and even court relief at times, according to Dr. Goldstein. Texas, Vermont, Washington, and other states and counties—as well as other 高三年级英语试卷 第 10 页 共 12 页
countries—already prohibit foster parents from smoking around children in cars and homes. “If this is true for foster families and smoking, shouldn't it be the case for all parents? Additional legal protection for young children exposed to secondhand smoke makes common sense,” says Dr. Goldstein. Goldstein proposes that medical professionals take an even more active role in protecting children from secondhand smoke exposure. “It is time for medical professional organizations, such as the American Medical Association, the American Academy of Pediatrics, and the American Academy of Family Physicians to allow policies classifying purposeful exposure of children to secondhand smoke as child abuse.” “We must intervene to stop this abuse,” Goldstein concludes in his essay. 67. Pro. Goldstein’s argument comes from ______. A. the author’s medicine report B. the author’s years of experimenting C. the author’s research with other doctors D. the author’s years of caring for children 68. The underlined word in the third paragraph may mean ______. A. an illegal act B. an annoyance C. a temporary decision D. an impolite expression 69. What has been done to protect children from secondhand smoke? A. Legal protection has come into effect. B. Parents have been forbidden to smoke. C. Some states and counties have taken measures. D. Medical professional organizations have made policies. 70. Which of the following may be used as the title of this passage? A. Secondhand smoke— child abuse B. Children protection—your responsibility C. Additional attention—prohibiting smoking D. A controversial argument—secondhand smoke 第四部分：书面表达(共两节，满分 50 分) 第一节：完成句子（共 10 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 20 分） 阅读下列各小题，根据括号内的汉语提示，用句末括号内的英语单词完成句子，并将 答案写在答题卡上的相应题号后。 71. Are you convinced that it is your efforts, rather than your intelligence, ______________how many dreams you realize? (determine) 你相信吗？是你的努力而不是你的智力决定你的梦想实现多少。 72. Sam is always an out-going and lively person, who _______________ about this awful experience by the time he recovers. (forget) 高三年级英语试卷 第 11 页 共 12 页
山姆总是个开朗活泼的人，到他恢复的时候他会把这次可怕的经历忘掉的。 73. Yingwu Zhou Bridge is reported ______________________ in Wuhan, which makes it more convenient for the citizens to travel around. (build) 据报道武汉鹦鹉洲大桥已建成，这给市民的出行带来了更多的方便。 74. As is known, in China, at no time___________________ to be possessed by an individual outside the relevant law. (allow) 众所周知，在中国，任何时候不允许枪支超出相关法律之外的情况下由个人持有。 75. Modesty is a virtue to a success. ____________________ he has made, he should be playing down in the event, if he longs to go far. (achievement) 谦虚对于成功者来说是一种美德。如果一个人想要走得更远，那么无论他取得多么大 的成就，都该低调行事。 76. Not _________________, many women like“Dama”are condemned to have no capacity of many additional functions of modern smart phones. (instruct) 因为从未被人指导过，许多“大妈”级的妇女注定不会使用现代智能手机的很多附加 功能。 77. Though some crashes have occurred in the recent years, there isn’t ________________ as the plane if you want to have a long journey. (vehicle) 尽管最近几年发生了一些飞机坠毁事件，但如果你长途旅行是没有像飞机那样如此安 全的交通工具的。 78. Whether you are born smart or clumsy, _________________ is that you should have a goal in life. (count) 不管你天生是聪慧还是愚笨，最重要的是你得有生活的目标。 79. The other day I was occupied with heaps of documents. Otherwise I _________________ in your wedding. (turn) 前几天我忙着处理一大堆文件，不然的话，我会出席你的婚礼的。 80. If life is compared to a long journey, adolescence is the most crucial stage _______________ their world views and values. (shape) 如果把人生比作一次长途旅行,青少年时期是最重要的一个驿站，在那里他们塑造世界 观和价值观。 第二节：短文写作（共 1 题；满分 30 分） 请根据以下提示，并结合事例，用英语写一篇短文。 A civilized city benefits from every citizen’s effort; meanwhile, doing one’s own part, even some simple acts, means a lot to promote spirit civilization construction. 注意：①无须写标题； ②除诗歌外，文体不限； ③内容必须结合你生活中的具体事例； ④文中不得透露个人姓名和学校名称； ⑤词数不少于 120，如引用提示语则不计入总词数。
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