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2017版高考英语一轮总复习 高考AB卷分类试题 专题6 情态动词和虚拟语气


专题六

情态动词和虚拟语气

2016~2012 年各省市高考题(改编) A 卷 全国卷 单句语法填空/单句改错 1. (2016·全国Ⅰ, 阅读 A)When Sandra Day O’ Connor finished third in her class at Stanford Law School in 1952, she ____

____not find work at a law firm because she was a woman. 答案 could [根据句意:当桑德拉在法律学习毕业之后,因为她是女人,没能在法律公司 找到工作。] 2.(2016·全国Ⅱ,短文改错)We can chose between staying at home and taking a trip.________ 答案 chose→choose [考查动词原形。 根据语法知识可知, 情态动词 can 后要用动词原形。 ]

3.(2016·全国Ⅱ,短文改错)Some classmates suggest we can go to places of interest nearby.________ 答案 去掉 can 或 can→should [考查固定表达。suggest 表示“建议”,后面的宾语从句 要用 should do 形式,should 可以省略,故答案有两种改法。] 4. (2014·全国大纲, 30)Although you________find bargains in London, it’ s not generally a cheap place to shop. 答案 can [本题考查情态动词,根据句意:“尽管你在伦敦可能发现便宜货,它总起来说 还不是一个购物的便宜去处。”可知,表示可能性,故用 can。] 5. (2013·全国大纲, 26)Since nobody gave him any help, he ________have done the research on his own. 答案 must [根据上下文意思: “既然没人给他任何帮助, 他一定是自己做的研究工作。 ” 可知,此处为肯定的猜测,用 must have done。] 6.(2013·全国Ⅰ,29)The door________open, no matter how hard she pushed. 答案 wouldn’t [考查情态动词 would 的特殊用法,此处表示功能的丧失,根据上下文应 用过去时。]

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7.(2012·全国Ⅰ,31)I________use a clock to wake me up because at six o’clock each morning the train comes by my house. 答案 needn’t [本题考查情态动词,根据上下文此处表示没有必要,故选 needn’t。] 8.(2012·全国Ⅰ,短文改错)I found out that with more patience I must make my toys to last.________ 答案 must→could/might [此处指的是有此种可能性,不是必须。] 9. (2012·全国Ⅱ, 17)I’ m going to Europe on vacation together with John if I________find the money. 答案 can [此处表示具备此种能力。] B 卷 地方卷 Ⅰ.在下列各句中填入适当的情态动词 1.(2016·北京,31)I love the weekend, because I________get up early on Saturdays and Sundays. 答案 needn’t [考查情态动词。句意:我喜欢周末,因为每逢周六、周日我不需要早起。] 2.(2016·浙江,17)George ________(go) too far .His coffee is still warm. 答案 can’t have gone [考查情态动词。句意:乔治不可能已经走得太远。他的咖啡温 乎。can’t have done 表示对过去否定的推测,意为“不可能做了??”。] 3.(2015·北京,29)—Can’t you stay a little longer? —It’s getting late.I really ________ go now.My daughter is home alone. 答案 must [句意:——你不能再多待一会儿吗?——天要黑了,我真的现在必须走了, 我的女儿独自呆在家里。must 必须。] 4.(2015·浙江,4)It was so noisy that we ________ not hear ourselves speak. 答案 could [句意:太吵闹了,我们连自己说的话都听不到。can/could 表示“能力,能 够”。根据前面的 was 可知,此处要用过去式 could。] 5.(2015·重庆,12)You ________ be Carol.You haven’t changed a bit after all these years. 答案 must [句意:你一定是 Carol,这些年以来你一点都没变。must “一定,”表示推 测,符合句意。] 6.(2015·陕西,21)You ________feel all the training a waste of time,but I’m a hundred percent sure later you’ll be grateful you did it.

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答案 may [句意:你也许会认为所有的培训都是浪费时间,但是我百分之百地保证你以后 会感激你所做的事情。考查情态动词。根据后文的描述可以看出此处培训还没有结束,是一 种不肯定的推测语气。] 7.(2015·四川,2)You ________ be careful with the camera.It costs! 答案 must [考查情态动词。句意:你一定要非常小心对待照相机,它很昂贵。此处表示 命令语气。] 8.(2015·福建,27)—Sorry, Mum! I failed the job interview again. —Oh, it’s too bad.You ________ have made full preparations. 答案 should [句意:——很抱歉,妈妈,我的面试又失败了。——噢,真是太糟糕了, 你本应该做好充分准备的。考查情态动词+have done 的意义。根据上句的面试又失败了, 可知是对过去事实的虚拟。should have done 本应该做但是没有做。] 9.(2015·天津,7)I ________have worried before I came to the new school, for my classmates here are very friendly to me. 答案 needn’t [句意:在来到新学校前我本不必担心,因为在新学校我的同班同学对我 很友好。考查情态动词。needn’t have done...本不必做的事做了。] 10.(2014·北京,27)________ I have a word with you? It won’t take long. 答案 Can 11.(2014·湖南,25)—I’ve prepared all kinds of food for the picnic. —Do you mean we________ (not)bring anything with us? 答案 needn’t 12.(2014·江苏,31)It was sad to me that they,so poor themselves,________bring me food. 答案 should 13. (2014·江西, 30)Life is unpredictable; even the poorest ________become the richest. 答案 might 14. (2013·四川, 5) —Why are your eyes so red? You ________ have slept well last night. —Yeah,I stayed up late writing a report. 答案 can’t 15.(2012·重庆,25)—________you interrupt now? Can’t you see I’m on the phone? —Sorry Sir, but it’s urgent. 答案 Must [考查情态动词。句意:——你现在一定要打断我吗?难道你没有看到我在打 电话吗?——对不起,先生,事情很急。根据语境应填 must,表“非要,硬要”。]
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Ⅱ.用所给动词的适当形式填空 1.(2016·北京,34)Why didn’t you tell me about your trouble last week? If you ________ (tell) me, I could have helped. 答案 had told [考查虚拟语气。句意:你上周为什么不告诉我你的麻烦。如果你告诉了 我,我能够帮助你。根据 last week 可知事情发生在过去,因此是对过去情况的虚拟。根据 主句谓语动词 could have done 可知,从句应用过去完成时 had done。] 2.(2016·江苏,27)If it________(not be) for his invitation the other day, I should not be here now. 答案 had not been [考查虚拟语气的用法。句意:如果不是他前几天邀请我,我现在就 不会在这里。根据句子结构和句意可知,此处为虚拟语气,再结合时间状语 the other day 可知,这是发生在过去的行为,故 if 句要用过去完成时。] 3.(2016·浙江,15)Had the governments and scientists not worked together , AIDS- related deaths ________(not fall) since their highest in 2005. 答案 would not have fallen [考查虚拟语气。句意:如果各国政府和科学家们不一起努 力的话,与艾滋病相关的死亡就不会自 2005 年的最高水平降下来。根据 Had the governments and scientists not worked together 可知事情发生在过去,因此是对过去情 况的虚拟。当主句是 would have done。] 4.(2015·北京,34)If I ________(see)it with my own eyes, I wouldn’t have believed it. 答案 hadn’t seen [句意:如果不是亲眼看到,我就不会相信这件事。由主句中的谓语 动词 wouldn’t have believed 可知是对过去情况的虚拟,虚拟条件句的谓语动词用过去完 成时。] 5. (2015·重庆, 7)Without his wartime experiences, Hemingway ________(write)his famous novel A Farewell to Arms. 答案 wouldn’t have written [句意:要是没有战争经历的话,海明威就不会写出他著 名的小说《永别了,武器》 。根据句中的 without his wartime experiences 可知描述的是 过去的事情,对过去的假设主句部分用 would/could/should/might+have done。根据句意 要用否定形式,故答案为 wouldn’t have written。] 6.(2015·陕西,23)Ellen is a fantastic dancer.I wish I ________(dance)as well as her. 答案 danced [句意:艾伦是一位出色的舞者,我希望我能像他跳得那么好。考查虚拟语 气。 wish 后跟宾语从句时, 从句中需要用虚拟语气, 从句中用 did 表示对现在事实的虚拟。 ]

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7.(2015·天津,13)I wish I ________(be)at my sister’s wedding last Tuesday, but I was on a business trip in New York then. 答案 had been [句意:我希望上个星期二我出席了姐姐的婚礼,但那时我正在纽约出差 中。考查虚拟语气。wish 后的宾语从句要用虚拟语气,对过去发生过的事情的虚拟要用过去 完成时。] 8.(2015·安徽,32)It is lucky we booked a room, or we ________(have)nowhere to stay now. 答案 would have [句意:很幸运我们订了一个房间,否则我们现在将无处可住。考查虚 拟语气。引导含蓄虚拟条件句,or 后面是主句,相当于 if we hadn’t booked a room, we would have nowhere to stay now,根据“now”可知,是对现在进行虚拟,因此用 would +动词原形。] 9.(2014·北京,34)We ________(be) back in the hotel now if you didn’t lose the map. 答案 would be 10. (2014·湖南, 22)If Mr.Dewey________(be) present, he would have offered any possible assistance to the people there. 答案 had been 11.(2014·陕西,23)We would rather our daughter________(stay) at home with us,but it is her choice,and she is not a child any longer. 答案 stayed 12.(2013· 陕西,12)My mom suggests that we ________ eat out for a change this weekend. 答案 should 13.(2013· 天津,14)If he had spent more time practicing English before, he ________ able to speak it much better now. 答案 would be [本题考查虚拟语气。 句意:要是以前他能多花些时间练习口语,现在就 能够说得更流利了。 本句是一个错综时间虚拟句。 从句是对过去事实的虚拟, 谓语用 had done, 而主句则是对现在(now)事实的一种假设,所以用 would do。]

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