Unit 1 Women of achievement
Ｉ．单元教学目标 Talk about important women & great women Describe people from their life, personality and character Word-formation: noun suffix Subject-verb agre
ement Make an outline II． 目标语言 Describing people What does she look like? What do you think about...? Why do you admire her? 功 能 句 式 How would you describe her? Why did she choose to...? What are her strengths? What are her weaknesses? How do her friends describe her? 1. 四会词汇 achievement, welfare, project, institute, specialist, connection, campaign, 词 汇 organization, behave, shade, worthwhile, nest, nod, observe, outspoken, respect, argue, entertainment, crowd, inspire, support, refer, audience, rate, sickness, intend, emergency, generation, kindness, considerate, consideration, deliver, modest 2. 认读词汇 Elizabeth Fry, Quaker, Nobel Peace Prize, China Welfare Institute, Jane Goodall, chimp, Jody Williams, landmine, Joan of Arc, Gombe National Park, specialize, career, determination, personality 3. 词组 Human beings, move off, lead a …life, crowd in, look down upon, refer to,
by chance, come across, carry on Word formation: Noun Suffix（名词后缀） 语 法 Subject-verb agreement（主谓一致） 1. Our group are all going to visit the chimps in the forest. 2. Our group includes six boys and five girls. 3. Nobody before has fully understood chimp behavior. 1. She spent years observing and recording their daily activities. 2. Only after her mother came to help her for the first few months was she allowed to begin her project. 3. It seems that she had been very busy in her chosen career, traveling 重 点 句 子 abroad to study as well as writing books and articles. 4. Further reading made me realize that it was hard work and determination as well as her gentle nature that got her into medical school. 5. Watching a family of chimps wake up is our first activity of the day. 6. This means going back to the place where we left the family sleeping in the tree the night before. 7. It was unusual for a woman to live in the forest. 8. Her work changed the way people think about chimps. 9. She actually observed chimps as a group hunting a monkey and then eating it. 10. However the evening makes it all worthwhile. 11. We watch the mother chimp and her babies play in the tree.
Ⅲ.课型设计与课时分配: Period 1 Period 2 Period 3&4 Period 5 Period 6 Warming up & Pre-reading Reading Language points and word formation Grammar: Subject-verb agreement Extensive reading
Speaking & Writing
Period 1 Warming up & Pre-reading Step 1. Warming up 1. Lead-in (Let the Ss look at the pictures on P1) Do you know who these women are? Say something about them if you can. 2. Read and Discuss 1) Read the passages and answer the questions. (1)What did Joan of Arc do? dress as / fight for / drive sb out of … (2) What did Elizabeth Fry do? help improve … (3) What did Song Qingling do? concern oneself with … (4) What did Lin Qiaozhi do? devote one’s life to … (5) What did Jane Goodall do? show the connections between … (6) What did Jody Williams do? found a campaign to … 2) Scan the passages and fill in the table Name Nationality Occupation Achievement
3) Discussion (1) What do these six women have in common? (Devoted, determined, committed, inspiring, influential, had careers) (2) Do you still remember Nelson Mandela? What do you think makes a great man or woman? Is it being rich? Is it being famous? Is it devoting oneself to help others? Step 2. Have a summary about the words and expressions Achievement, welfare project, institute, specialist, connection, Human beings, campaign, organization, found a campaign dress as / fight for / help drive sb. out of some place / help improve / concern oneself with / devote one’s life to / show the connections between … Step 3. Homework 1）Read the questions on Page 1 and preview the reading “A student of African wildlife” 2）Study the new words and finish Eexercise 1 on page 4.
Period 2 Reading Step 1. Check the homework Vocabulary matching (Eexercise 1 on page 4) Step 2. Fast reading Skim the passage and underline the basic information: what, who, why, where, when, how.
Step 3. Careful reading 1) Underline the topic sentence in each paragraph. Following Jane’s way of studying chimps, our group are all going to visit them in the forest. Nobody before Jane fully understood chimp behavior. For forty years Jane Goodall has been outspoken about making the rest of the world understand and respect the life of these animals. She has achieved everything she wanted to do. 2) Summarize the main idea of each paragraph
How the group followed Jane's way of studying chimps in the wild
What Jane discovered about chimps
How Jane tries to protect the lives of chimps in their natural habitat
paragraph 4 Step 4. Post-reading
In your group retell the text using the following questions and words as a support. ? What did the writer do? (behave, shade, worthwhile, bond) ? What did Jane Goodall do and find out about chimps? (observe, discover) ? What did Jane Goodall do to protect the chimps? (be outspoken about, respect, argue) ? What about her achievements? Step 5. Homework Find out useful words and expressions, beautiful sentences and finish the exercises in Learning about Language accordingly.
Period 3&4 Language points and word formation Step 1. Check the homework Step 2. Word formation 1) Fill in the chart with a suitable verb or noun form. Pay attention to the connection between them. （p.4 Ex. 2） 2) Check the answers 3) Work in groups to discuss how verbs can be changed into nouns. -ment agree--appreciate--admit--tour---ation -ion -ist move--examine--educate--separate---
Step 3. Words and expressions explanation. Words: connection, behaves, worthwhile, observe, argue, inspire, achieve, campaign, dress, deliver, intend Phrases: move off, lead a…life, crowd in, put sb. /sth. to death, look down upon/on, carry on, refer to Step 4. Exercises 1) Complete the sentences with the words in their proper forms. (1) A sense of (achieve) is very important for a student. achievement (2) It is strange that the old lady is (dress) in red. dressed (3) His life (devote) to helping the poor. was devoted (4) It is worthwhile (walk) to work every day. walking (5) The school being built is (intend) for the homeless children. intended (6) He observed her face (turn) red. turning 2) Complete the passage.( P42 Exercise 2)
Period 5 Grammar--- Subject-verb agreement Step 1. Lead in（give some examples）
1）I am/are seventeen. 2）She is/are sixteen. 3）There is/are a desk in the room. Step 2. The definition of Subject-verb agreement 主谓一致是指句子的主语和谓语动词在人称和数上要保持一致。 Step 3. Explain the rules 一、名词作主语 1. 集体名词 public, family, class, crowd, population, team, group, audience, majority, committee, enemy 等作主语时，如果强调整体，谓语动词用单数形式，如果 强调个体，谓语动词用复数形式。集体名词 cattle, people, police 等作主语时， 谓语动词用复数形式。如： My family is a small one. My family were watching TV when the news came that we won the grand prize. The cattle are eating grass in the field. 2. 单、复数同形的名词如 species, deer, fish, sheep, Chinese, Japanese, means 等作 主语时，应根据其意义来决定谓语动词的单复数形式。如： This species of rose is rare. These species are few in numbers and may be wiped out from this planet if necessary actions are not taken in time. 3. 复数形式的书名、剧名、报名、国名、学科及组织名称等作主语时，谓语动 词通常用单数形式。如： The United Nations is one of the most important international organizations in keeping world peace. 4. 主语是 glasses, shorts, gloves, scissors, trousers 等复数名词时， 谓语动词要用复 数形式。 但如果它们前面有 pair / type / kind of 时， 谓语动词的单复数由 pair / type / kind 的数决定。如： The trousers are worn out, so a pair of new trousers is going to be bought. 5. 表示重量、距离、金额、时间等的复数名词作主语时，通常被看作整体，谓 语动词一般用单数形式。但是如果强调数目，谓语动词用复数形式。如： Five hundred miles is a long distance. One hundred cents make a dollar.
6. “more than one / many a + 单数名词”作主语时，尽管意义上是复数，但谓语动 词多用单数形式。但是，在“more +复数名词+ than one”作主语时，谓语动词 用复数形式。如： Many a ship has been damaged in the storm. More members than one are against the plan. 二、代词作主语 1. 代词作主语时，谓语动词的单复数要根据它们所代替的名词的单复数来确定。 如： Your shoes are black, and mine (= my shoes) are brown. Most of his spare time was spent in reading. Each of the guests was given a present. 2. 表示数量的不定代词 much, little 作主语时，谓语动词用单数形式；many, both, few 作主语时，谓语动词用复数形式。如： The little I have is not worth giving. Only the few are likely to enjoy this music. 三、由连接词连接的名词或代词作主语 1. 由 and 或 both ... and ... 连接两个并列主语时，谓语动词一般用复数形式。如 果 and 连接的两部分指同一人、同一物、同一事或同一概念时，and 后面的 名词前没有冠词，谓语动词常用单数形式。如： The singer and dancer is going to give us a performance this evening. （The singer and dancer 指同一个人，双重身份） The peasant and the poet are going to make speeches for the blind in this special school. （The peasant and the poet 指两个不同的人，一个是农民，另一个是诗人） 2. 当主语后面跟有 with, along with, together with, including, but, except, like, as well as, besides, rather than 等引起的短语时，谓语动词的单复数与主语保持一 致。如： Dr. Green, together with his wife and two sons, has just left and will return at four o’clock.
3. 由 or, either ... or, neither ... nor, not only ... but also, not ... but 等连接两个名词或 代词作主语时，谓语动词通常与邻近的名词或代词保持一致。如： Neither you nor he knows anything about it. 四、数词、量词作主语 “分数+ of +名词”构成的短语或“a lot of / plenty of / a (large) quantity of / the rest of +名词”构成的短语作主语时， 谓语动词用单数还是复数取决于 of 后的名词 的单复数。如： Half of the students have read the novel. Half of the food is unfit to eat. 五、从句及其它作主语 1. 单个名词性从句作主语时，谓语动词通常用单数形式。但 and 连接的两个名 词性从句作主语如果表示两个概念，谓语动词用复数。另外 what 引导的主语 从句作主语时，谓语动词的单复数取决于表语的单复数。如： Whether I have passed last week’s driving test is still not clear. Where the star will go and what he will do have not been announced to the public. What the peasant workers need badly are books on practical skills. 2. 单个动词不定式或动词-ing 形式作主语时，谓语动词用单数形式，但两个表 示不同概念的动词不定式或动词-ing 形式并列作主语时，谓语动词用复数形 式。如： Remember the life rule that to see one time is better than to hear a hundred times. Collecting stamps and playing football are my favourite hobbies. Step 4. Give more examples and give a conclusion Step 5. Do some exercises and check the answers
Period 6 Step 1. Review
Review Jane Goodall’s story. Use as many new words from the passage as possible. ? behave, behavior, shade, worthwhile, nest, bond, observe, childhood, respect, argue, entertainment, inspire ? move off, be outspoken about, lead a busy life, crowd in
Step 2. Pre-reading 1) What do you know about Lin Qiaozhi? (a doctor, a specialist in women’s diseases …) 2）Which adjectives could you use to describe her ? (devoting, kind, inspiring, respected, clever, …） Step 3. Reading 1）Read for the first time. List three of Lin Qiaozhi’s achievements. ? ? ? She got a medical training for her career. She became a specialist in women’s diseases. She had made sure that about 50,000 babies were safely delivered.
2）Read again and answer the following questions by using sentences from the passage. ? For whom and for what purpose did Lin Qiaozhi write a small book about how to look after babies? (cut the death rate, be intended for)
? Why do you think the writer chose to study at medical college? (carry on ) Step 4. Discussion Work in groups to discuss what the important qualities a good doctor should have.
Period 7 Speaking &Writing Step 1 Lead in 1) Review the three passages we have read. Think about: ? what we can write when introducing a person; ? how we shall organize an article about a person. 2) Talk about a great woman you admire. Step 2 Summary 1) Possible content: (1）personal information (2）personality and quality
(3）things she/he has done (4）evaluation from other people 2) Possible ways to write the article: Part 1: an introduction of the person Part 2: supporting details 1) characters 2) achievements Part 3: a conclusion 1) what you think of him/her 2) how people view him or her 3) Description and evaluation vocabulary Introduce a person: hard-working, brave, devote…to, helpful, gentle, generous, determined, consideration, kind, warm-hearted 4) Writing tip When you are writing about somebody’s life, choose an interesting example that shows the person’s character. (p. 8) Step 3 Make a first draft of the composition. Step 4 Revise the draft to make it perfect.