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【2014届高三一轮复习英语精品资料 强化练习(新课标专用)Book 1 Unit 5

Unit 5

Nelson Mandela—a modern hero

Ⅰ.单项填空 1.If you fail this time, don’t lose________heart.Try to do it________second time. A.your;a C./;a 答案 C 解析 考查冠词的用法。lose heart 灰心

; a second time 再一次,这里 second 表示的不 是第二次,因此,不能用定冠词 the。句意为:如果这次你失败了,不要灰心,再试一次。 2.The island is________attractive in spring and autumn because of the pleasant weather in both seasons. A.partly 答案 D 解析 句意为:这个岛因为它令人愉悦的天气,在春天和秋天同样迷人。partly 部分地; merely 仅仅,只是;nearly 几乎; equally 同等地,一样地。根据句意应选 equally。 3.A teacher’s________to education is worth great respect of the whole society because it brings benefits to the development of society. A.devotion C.identity 答案 A 解析 句意为:教师对教育的奉献是值得全社会尊敬的,因为这有益于社会的发展。 devotion 奉献。 4.It’s important to learn to take a positive attitude ________ life when you are ________ trouble.;under;in 答案 C 解析 attitude 后用介词 to/toward(s); in trouble 处于困境中。 句意为: 当你处于困境中时, B.of;in D.with;in B.principle D.guidance B.merely C.nearly (2010· 大纲全国Ⅱ,13) D.equally B.your;the D./;the


5. The bank is offering a(n)________to anyone who can give some information about the robbery. A.reward 答案 A 解析 考查名词词义辨析。 句意为: 银行会向任何一个提供有关抢劫案信息的人提供一 笔酬金。 这里指的是因表示感谢而提供的奖励, 所以用 reward。 award 的意思是“奖品”、 “奖金”,其义与 prize 近似,两者都指因为表现突出而受奖;bonus 奖金,红利。 6.________ by keeping down costs will PowerData hold its advantages over other companies. A.Only 答案 A 解析 由句中部分倒装可知。 7.A 17yearold boy, caught________text messages in class, was recently sent to the vice principal’s office. A.sent C.sending 答案 C 解析 考查 catch 的用法。 catch sb. doing sth.当场发现某人正做某事。 此处的 sb.即 the boy 与 catch 构成被动关系。 8.If you have a job,________yourself to it and finally you’ll succeed.(2010· 四川,19) devote C.devoting 答案 A 解析 句意为:如果你有一份工作,务必要全力以赴地去做,最终你会成功的。if 引导 的是条件状语从句, 空格处用动词原形构成祈使句, 从而产生“祈使句+and+陈述句” 的结构。do 用来加强语气,强调动词。 9.By 16∶30,________was almost closing time, nearly all the paintings had been sold. (2012· 江西,28) A.which 答案 A 解析 从后面的 closing time“打烊时间,停止营业时间”可以得知此句是在谈时间,但 是此句中缺少主语,前面又有一个逗号,所以可以确定这里是一个非限制性定语从句, B.when C.what D.that B.don’t devote D.not devoting send be sent B.Just C.Still D.Yet B.award C.prize D.bonus

用 which 引导。 10.We all know that hard working and plain living are fine________of our Chinese people. A.qualities 答案 A 解析 考查名词辨析。quality 品质。句意为:我们都知道艰苦朴素是我们中国人的优良 品质。manner 礼貌,举止,方式;deed 行动,事迹;act 行为,行动。 11. The owner of the mine was________to twenty years because he had broken the law to employ children as miners. A.sentenced C.sheltered 答案 A 解析 句意为:矿主因为违法雇佣童工而被判刑二十年。be sentenced to 被判刑。 12.The government has________a committee to look into this accident. A.set up C.set down 答案 A 解析 考查短语辨析。set up 设立,建立。句意为:政府已成立了一个委员会来调查这 起事故。set aside 将……放在一边,为……节省或保留(钱或时间);set down 记下,放 下,登记;set off 出发,动身,使爆炸。 13.Now their talks have reached a key stage________one side must give in to the other. A.which 答案 C 解析 考查定语从句。当先行词为 stage,case,position,situation,degree 等词,且关 系词在定语从句中作状语时,关系词通常用 where。 14.Most of the audience had a high________of the performance of our footballers in the match against Iran. A.idea 答案 C 解析 have a high opinion of 对……评价很好。 15.Students should be________in class.Only listening without taking part in the activities is not good for one’s study. B.sense C.opinion D.thought B.that C.where B.set aside D.set off B.trapped D.buried B.manners C.deeds D.acts

A.passive 答案 B



解析 句意为:学生上课应该积极活跃。只听不参加活动不利于学习。active 积极的, 符合句意。 16.Mike often attempts to escape________whenever he breaks traffic regulations. A.having been fined be fined 答案 D 解析 动词 escape 后接名词或动名词,不接不定式。fine 是及物动词,意为“罚款”, 常用被动形式。 17.—How many apples do you want,Mary? —________apples is enough. A.A couple of C.One and a half 答案 C 解析 有些考生认为 apples 是复数,于是所有选项都正确,认为没有确定的答案,或 错选 A、B 或 D。其实,主语超过“一”而未满“二”时,谓语动词可用复数形式,也 可用第三人称单数形式。根据句子的谓语动词可知正确答案为 C。 18.They’ve won their last three matches,________I find a bit surprising actually. A.that 答案 D 解析 考查定语从句。which 引导非限制性定语从句,代指前面整个句子的内容。 19.The motorcycle competition in the desert,________lasted ten days,is over now. A.where 答案 D 解析 考查定语从句。句中包含一个非限制性定语从句,the motorcycle competition 为 先行词,关系词在定语从句中作主语,因此选 which。A 项作状语;B、C 两项不能引 导非限制性定语从句。 20.If parents never expect their children to be helpful at home,they are sure________. A.not C.not to be B.not to D.not to be that C.that D.which B.when C.what D.which B.A dozen D.Two have been fined D.being fined

答案 C 解析 本题考查不定式的省略。 通常不定式的省略只保留不定式符号, 如果后面有助动 词 be 或 have 则需与 to 一起保留。 Ⅱ.阅读理解 Time:April 8th,2010 at 10 PM to April 9th,2010 at 3 AM Location:Babyface Guangzhou Street:No.83 Changdi Da Ma Road,Guangzhou City/Town:Guangzhou Website or Map: Phone:0208335 5771 Organized By:Babyface China Official Grammy nominated(格莱美奖提名) artist and globally admired DJ and Producer Paul van Dyk continues to lead the electronic music charts and appears at the highpoint of every Top DJ list across the globe.PvD,as his fans have nicknamed him,is currently ranked the World’s No.1 DJ by DJ Magazine’s “Top 100 DJs Poll” for the second successive year. PvD is wellknown as one of the hardest working artists,with soldout tours that cross each continent,headline spots at every major festival,and a hugely successful recording career.With over 3 million albums sold worldwide,van Dyk travels around the world over 16 times each year for the soldout performances internationally. Born in Eisenhuettenstadt,East Germany,Paul van Dyk grew up in East Berlin.Because his community did not have a true club culture,Paul van Dyk listened to the radio where he discovered his passion for music that extended beyond Techno music—he wanted to create a different,more unique sound.In the early 1990’s Paul van Dyk was performing regularly at various clubs in Berlin before releasing his first album “45 RPM” in 1994.But it was the release of his second album“Seven Ways”that put him into Top 100,followed by the release of his hit single “For An Angel”, which began to earn him praise across the globe.By the time Paul van Dyk released “Out There & Back” in 2000,it became clear that the Berlinbased musician had far more to offer than his signature club sets that had already defined him as one of the most influential DJs and producers of all time.His first mix CD “Politics of Dancing” was released in 2001,followed by “Global” in 2003—a DVD which illustrates his own experiences traveling the world. 1.What activity does this passage introduce to us? A.Paul van Dyk Volume World Tour at Babyface Guangzhou. B.Grammy Prize Ceremony at Babyface Guangzhou.

C.Release of PvD’s original album Reflections. D.The foundation of Babyface China Official. 答案 A 解析 主旨大意题。文章开头有关活动时间、地点等信息的介绍以及前两段清楚地阐述 了本文的主要目的,即介绍 Paul van Dyk 在广州举办的专辑签售活动,所以 A 项正确。 2.Which album first made PvD into the Top 100? A.For An Angel. C.45 RPM. 答案 B 解析 事实细节题。根据第三段第四句的“But it was the release of his second album ‘Seven Ways’ that put him into Top 100...”可知 B 项正确。 3.According to the passage,PvD can be best described as________. A.intelligent but proud B.hardworking but absentminded C.optimistic and outgoing D.creative and potential 答案 D 解析 事实细节题。根据第三段第二句“he wanted to create a different,more unique sound”和第五句“ became clear that the Berlinbased musician had far more to offer than his signature club sets that had already defined him as one of the most influential DJs and producers of all time.”可知 D 项正确。 4.PvD’s passion for music originated from________. A.performing at various clubs B.listening to the radio C.his tours across the globe D.his true club culture 答案 B 解析 事实细节题。根据第三段第二句中“...Paul van Dyk listened to the radio where he discovered his passion for music that extended beyond Techno music...”可知 B 项正确。 5.According to the passage,PvD________. ranked the world’s No.1 DJ in Top 100 DJs Poll for life B.Seven Ways. D.Out There & Back.

B.shows us his traveling experience in “Global” C.sings about politics in his mix CD “Politics of Dancing” D.received Grammy Prizes several times 答案 B 解析 事实细节题。根据第一段最后一句“ currently ranked...for the second successive year.”可知他是第二年排名第一,而不是 for life(终生),故 A 项错误。根据文 章最后一句“His first mix CD ‘Politics of Dancing ’was released in 2001,followed by‘Global’ in 2003—a DVD which illustrates his own experiences traveling the world.” 可知 B 项正确;而文中并没有提及 sings about politics,因此 C 项不正确。根据第一段第 一句“Grammy nominated(格莱美奖提名)artist”可知他只是被提名,故 D 项错误。 Ⅲ.短文改错 There are advantage for students to work while studying at school.One of them was that they can earn money.In the most part,students working to earn money for their own use.Earning their own money allow them to spend on anything as if they please.They would have to ask their parents for money or for permission to do things by the money.Some students may also to save up for our college or future use. 答案 There are advantage was for students to work while studying at school.One of them that advantages is In working the most part , students to earn money for their own For work allow them to spend on anything as if\ they please.They would allows

they can earn money.

use.Earning their own money

by ∧ not have to ask their parents for money or for permission to do things with the money.Some students may also to\ save up for Ⅳ.书面表达 散步是一种良好的锻炼方式,它对我们的健康非常有益。请以“Walking to Keep Fit” 为题写一篇 100~120 词的英语短文,介绍一下散步的好处以及你的建议。 注意:开头已给出,不计入总词数。 Walking to Keep Fit As we all know,walking is a good way of exercise,which is beneficial to our health. ________________________________________________ 参考范文 ________________________ our college or future use. their

Walking to Keep Fit As we all know, walking is a good way of exercise, which is beneficial to our health.It cannot only reduce the risk of many kinds of diseases but also strengthen the muscles and build up the bones.It’s safer than many other ways of exercise,especially for the elderly and it’s easy to do without considering rules.Besides,walking can also help us lose weight. What should we pay attention to during the walk?First,we should wear loose clothes and good shoes so that we can relax.Second,we should walk fast enough to cause us to breathe with difficulty but still able to talk.Third,it’s important to walk with our arms moving freely.And last but not least we should do it every day.


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